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PROPERTY 0» 




^ 1^ ^ 



' 8 ' 7 



ARTES SCIENTIA VtRITAS 



r 



■> 



THE 



CLASSICAL GAZETTEER: 



DICTIONABT 



OF 



ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY, 



SACRED AND PROFANE. 



BY 

WILLIAM HAZLITT, 

BARRISTER^ 
OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE* 



LONDON: 
WHITTAKER AND CO. AVE MARTA LANE. 

1851. 



»r 



t>^ 



<:..:- • 



^•^^i'-^ 



LONDON : 

GILBERT AND RIVINOTON, PRINTERS, 

•T4 «OHIf'l KlUARE. 



y 



(bt permission.) 

THIS VOLTJME, 

nrTENDED AS AK AID TO DTSTBUOTIOIT, 

IS BESPEOTEULLT DEDICATED 

TO THE MOST HOK. 

THE MARQUESS OP LANSDOWNE, K.G. 

LORD PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL, 
IN GBATITITDE EOB THE MITCH "WHICH, 



AMID EXTBEME DrETIGULTIES, 



HE HAS ALBEADY DOITB TO PBOMOTE EDUCATION 



IN THIS COmSTTBT, 



AND rOB THE MITCH MOBE WHICH HE IS KNOWN 



TO DE9IBE AND TO DESIGN. 






// 



// ' 3l^ 



PREFACE. 



The compiler, under the most advantageous circumstances, of a work ot 
reference must be prepared, upon a review of its first edition, to find more 
or less of commission and of omission, alike to be regretted. There is espe- 
cial apprehension of this where, as in the present instance, the materials 
were not ready at hand, subsisting in some similar form of combination, but 
had to be collected, by laborious researches extending over several years, 
from works as various in period and language as they are different in their 
plan, and, to a very large extent, contradictory in their general theories, and 
in their particular definitions, allocations, and identifications. I have no 
•doubt that in revising these pages I shall meet in them with much to cor- 
rect ; but I can conscientiously say, that in their preparation I have used 
my best endeavours to render them as free from error as was practicable in 
a work of such complicated, and, to me, novel labour, prosecuted concur- 
rently with much, and much wearing, work, and amid circumstances not the 
most favourable for that tranquil application of the mind and judgment 
which is essential to the effectual development of such a production* 

I have neither space nor inclii>ation to set forth the long list of authori*' 
ties that have been consulted in the preparation of this volume. I will 
simply state, that I have made it my business to have constantly 



vi 



PBSFACEi 



before me (aided herein by the extensive resources, most liberally admi' 
nistered, of the London Library) all the old and new works that I had ascer- 
tained to be the best on the subject, general and particular. My own 
strong feeling of interest in the matter has led me to bestow especial, and, I 
hope, productive pains upon the identification of modem localities with 
ancient sites. The general plan of the work speaks for itself. I could 
more easily have made individual details fuller, but this would have 
been incompatible with the contemplated use of the work in Schools. Had 
the work been extended in size, its price also must, of necessity, have been 
enlarged, and this would at once have most materially impaired that useful- 
ness which I earnestly desire may be found a prominent attribute of the 
work. 



6| South Square, Gnj'a Inn. 
Feb., 185). 



THE 



CLASSICAL GAZETTEER. 



A. 



AAD 



ABA 



Aad, a district of Arabia Felix, on the s. 
coast ; afterwards occupied by the Chatra- 
motitee. 

Aba, a town of Arabia Felix. 

Abac^na (Abacseniim)y I. a town of Caria ; 
II. of Media; III. of Sicily, near the 
source of Helicon fl. s.w. of Messana. 
Near TVipi, 

Ab^, I. a town of Phods, a.E. of Hyam- 
polis, built by Abas of Argos ; noted for 
an oracle of Apollo, older than that at 
Delphi. Near Exarcho, II. of Lyda. 

Ab^ra, a town of Arabia Deserta, towards 
Petra. 

Abala (Avalites Emporium), capital of the 
Abali, JSthiopia, at the head of Abalites 
sinus. Zeyla. 

Abalitjs (Abali, Avalitae), a tribe of Tro- 
glod3^, ^Ethiopia, on Erythrseum mare, 
s. of the Adulitse. 

Abalites sinus, a bay of Erythrseum mare, 
s. w. of Dire prom. Gulf of Zeyla. 

Aballaba, a town of the Otadeni, Britan- 
nia, at Hadriani mums, x. bet. Congo- 
vata and Amboglanna. Watchcross, 

Aballo, a town of the Mandubii, Lug- 
dunensis I., bet. Sidelocum (24) and Au- 
tesiodorum (33). Avalon. 

Abalus (Basilia, Baltia), a district of Scan- 
dinavia, deemed by the ancients an island, 
and noted for its amber. Northern 
Sweden, 



Abana fl., Amana, a stream of Syria, rismg 
in Anti-Libanus, 16 m. n. w. from Damas- 
cus, and, after a short course, falling into 
the Chrysorrhoas. Fidji. 

Abantes, a people who from Thrace settled 
at various periods in Phods, Ionia, Chios, 
Thesprotia, and Euboea. 

Abantia, postea Amaniia, a town of the 
Atintanes, Ill3rria, on Polyanthes fl. 30 m. 
s.E. from Apollonia; built by the Eu- 
boean Abantes, on their way home from 
Troy. Near Nivitza, 

Abamtis ins., i. q. Euboea. 

Abaort^, a people of India, on the Indus. 

Abara, a town of Babylonia, bet. Donsta 
and Curraphus. 

Abarbina, a town of Hyrcania, w. of 
Maxera fl. Astrahad. 

Abari, i. q. Sabiri. 

Abarim m., m. of Palestine, e. of the Dead 
Sea, separating Moabitis from Arabia De- 
serta. Jje-Abarim. 

Abarimon, a district of Sc3rthia Asiatica, 
the people of which, from wearing a parti- 
cular kind of sandal, were fabled to have 
their feet turned backwards. 

Abaris, a maritime town of Egypt, e. of 
Pelusium. 

Abarne, a town of Gumathene, Armenia, 
w. N. w. of Amida. 

Abarnis, I. a town of Byzacene, noted for 
its fishing-rods. II. of Mysia, at Abamia 



ABA 



ABL 



prom. III. a pr. of Mysia, on the Hel- 
lespont, N. of Lampsacusy noted for its 
truffles. 

Abarraza, a town of Syna, bet. Cyrrhus 
and Edessa. 

Abas fl., Albania, i. q. Alazon. 

AbXses, a name given by Strabo to the 
African Oases. 

Abasgi (Abaschi), a people of Sarmatia 
Asiatica, n. of the Apsili, extending along 
the Euzine, and inland towards Caucasus. 

AbasgTus fl., a r. of the Abasgi, rising in 
Coraz mons, and falling into the Euzine 
between Nitice and Nesis. 

Abasites, i. q. Abbaites. 

Abassus (Ambassus, Alaznassus, Amadasse), 
a town of Phrygia Magna, on Alandrus fl. 
towards Tyscon. • 

Abastant, a people on the Indus. 

Abathuba, a town of Marmarica. 

AbXtos ins., an isl. in the Nile, near 
Philee, abounding in flax and papyrus. 
Priests only were permitted to enter it. 
Biggeh. 

Abba, a town of Africa, near Carthage. 

Abbaites, a people of Phrygia Epictetus, 
extendhig into Mysia, at its s. e. angle* 

Abdada, a town of Galatia. 

Abdea, a town of Mesopotamia, bet. Ad 
Pontem and Atra. 

Abdera, I. a town of the Bastuli, Bee- 
tica, bet. Sexitanum w. and Murgis e. 
A Phoenician settlement. A Roman Co- 
Ionia. Adra, II. postea Polystylus, cap. 
of the Bistones, Thrace, on the .^Igean, 
B. of Nestus fl., s.w. of Pistyrus ; founded 
by Timesius of Clazomenee; recolonized 
by Teian fugitives from Ionia ; the birth- 
place of Democritua and Protagoras. 
Noted for its mullets, and its people for 
fits of a peculiar phrenzy. Asprorosa, 

Abdiabda, a town of Albania Ajsiat., on the 
Caspian. 

Abdon, a Levitical city of Asher. 

Abdua fl., i. q. Addua. 

Abel-Beth-Maacha (Abel Maim), a town 
of Napthali, s. e. of Csesarea PhilippL The 
death-place of Sheba. 

Abel Charmaim, a town of Reuben, 7 m. 
from Rabbath Ammon. 

Abel Maim, i. q. Abel-beth-Maacha. 

Abel Mbhola (Abel Mea), a town of Ma- 
nasseh, bet. Bethsan (10) and Shechem, 
where the Midianites took refuge from 
Gideon. The burth-place of Elisha. 

Abel Mizraim, a place in Ephraim, bet. 
Jericho and the Jordan, where the Israel- 
ites, whom the Canaanites mistook for 
Egyptians, mourned for Jacob. Bethagla 
afterwards rose on the site. 



Abel Sittim, a town of Moabitis, near the 
Jordan, and over against Jericho, where 
the Israelites sinned with the Moabitish 
women. 

Abella, a town of Campania, on Clanius 
fl. towards its source ; n. e. of Nola. A 
Chalddian settlement, noted for its filberts 
and apples. Avella Vecchia, 

AbellInum (Avellana), I. cap. of the Marsi, 
Lucania, on Aciris fl. towards its source ; 
N. E. of Casilinum. , Marsico Vetere, 
II. Sumamed Protropum, a town of the 
Hirpini, Samnium, bet. Beneventum (16) 
and Picentia (12). Avellino. 

Abelterium, a town of the Celtici, Lusita- 
nia, bet. Scalabifl w.n.w. and Septem 
Arse s.E. 

Abens fl., a r. of Vindelicia, falling into 
the Danube below Abusina. Ahem, 

Abesamis, a town of Syria, built by Semi- 
ramis. 

Abeste, a town of Drangiana, x. of Ely- 
mandrus fl. Bost. 

Abhorras fl. (Aburas), i. q. Chaborras. 

Abije, a town of Messenia, on Messeniacus 
sin., 9 m. s. from Pherse. The Ira of 
Homer. 

Abieta, i. q. Abinta. 

Abu, a people of Scythia extra Imaum, of 
uncertain position, noted for their peace- 
ful integrity of life. 

AbYla, I. a town of Ammonitis, 7 m. from 
Philadelphia; the residence of Jephtha; 
II. a town of Code-Syria, cap. of Abilene, 
on Abana fl., bet. HeUopolis (32) and 
Damascus (15), the burial-place of Abel. 
Nebi-Abel. III. a town of Decapolis, near 
Hieromax fl., bet. Gadara (12) and Capi- 
toliaa. lY. a town of Spain. 

Abilene, a district of Code-Syria, about 
Abila. 

Abiloncje, the people of Abila, Syria. 

Abilunxtm, a town of the Juthungi, Ger- 
mania Magna, on Campus fl. towards its 
source ; n. e. of Usbium. 

ABnf AEL, a district of Arabia Felix, s. of 
Themud. 

Abina, a town of Susiana. 

Abinta (Abieta), a town of the Jazyges 
Metanastse, on Bollia fl., 'above Ana- 
bum. 

Abisama (Abisa), Gosa, a port of the Adra- 
mytse, Arabia, bet. Arabiie Felicis Empo- 
rium and Cane. Abin, 

Abisaris (Ambisaris), a district of India, e. 
of the Hydaspes. 

Abissa, a port of the Omanitse, Arabia, bet. 
Corodamum prom, and Cosara. Ahimgi, 

AblXta, a town of Pontus, near Polemo- 
nium. 



ABL 



ABZ 



Abliana, a town of Albania, on liie Cas- 
pian, bet. Albianus fl. and Cyras fl. 

AblTti, a people of Mysia, near Pergamns. 

Abnicii, a maritime people of Syrtica Regio, 
w. of Sabrata. 

Abnicum, a town of Armenia. Ani. Anisi. 

Abnoba (Arnoba, Arnova), m. of Germania 
Mag., running n.w. — 8.E. bet. the Rhine, 
about Aliso, and the Danube, towards its 
source. Black Forest; Baiar, AbenoWf 
Sfc. 

Abobrica, a marit. town of the Grovii, Tar- 
raconensis, bet. Spaccnnimyicus and Minius. 
Betanzos. 

Aboccis (Abuncis), a town of the 'Nubee, on 
the Nile, bet. Premuthis and Cambysis 
JErarium. Here was a celebrated temple 
of Athor (Venus). Aboo-SimbeL 

Abodiacum (Abuzacum), a town of the 
Licates, Yindelicia, on Liens fl., bet. Au- 
gusta Vindelicorum (31) and Farthannm 
(30). Peisenberg. 

Abolani, a people of Latium, towards Alba. 

Abolla, a town of ^dly, at the mouth of 
Erineus fl. 

Abona sstuar., an testnary of ihe Cor- 
navii, Britannia, b. of Yeryedrum prom. 
Dornoch Frith. 

Abone, a town of the Bdgn, 9 m. n.w. of 
Aquse Soils. Compton Greenfield. 

Abonoteichos (Aboni-Moenia), prius Co- 
lussa, postea Idnopolis, a port of the 
Heneti, Paphlagonia, 20 nw s.w. from 
iEginetes. The birth>place of Alexander, 
the pseudo-iBsculapius. Ineboli. 

Aboraca, a town of Sarmatia Europcea, to- 
wards Mseotis pains. 

Aboriense, a town of Africa Propria. 

Aborigines, " fr<om the beginning ;'' gene- 
rally nations whose origin cannot be 
traced ; specially the primitive population 
of Italy, the Umbri, Opid, and uEnotri ; 
and, more peculiarly, the people about 
Reate, called also Casci, Prisci, Sacrani. 

Aboron, a town of Anoobaritis, Mesopota- 
mia, on the Euphrates, bet. Thilutha and 
Olabus. 

Abotis, a town of Thebais, on the Nile L., 
bet. Hypsele and Aphroditopolis, opposite 
Antseopolis. 

Abragana, a town of Serica, on Bautisus fl. 

Abrav ANNUS sestuarium, a bay of the No- 
vantse, Britannia, e. of Novantorum prom. 
Glenluce Bay. 

Abreta, an early name of Mysia, from the 
nymph Brettia. 

Abrettene, a district of Mysia, bet. Ma- 
cistus fl., towards its source and Rhynda- 
cus fl. 

Absinat.£, a people of Pontus* 



Abrinca, i. q. Obringa. 

Abrincatui, I. a maritime people of Lugdu- 
nensis II., bounded n. by the Bajocasses 
and Unelli, s. by the Redones and Aul^rd- 
Diablintes, e. by the Viducasses. Dh" 
cese of Avranehes. II. prita Ingena, their 
cap., e. of Aletum. Avranehes. 

Abrostola, a town of the Tolistoboii, 
Galatia, bet. Pessinus (24) and Amo- 
rium. 

Abrotonum, a town of Syrtica Regie, of 
uncertain portion. Identified by Man- 
nert with Sabrata. 

Absidri, a tribe of Carduchi, Assyr», n. of 
Calachene. 

ABUCiEi, a people of Arabia Felix, on Per- 
sicus sinus, about Coromanus. 

Abucini portus, a town of the Sequani, 
Maxima Sequanorum, on the Arar, s.w. of 
Luxovium. Port sur Saone. 

Abxtnis, a town of the Agoritse, Sarmatia, 
s.E. of Suruba. 

Abur, a town of ikh Saringee, India, n.w* 
of Orthura. 

Aburatha, a port of Taprobane, n. heir 
Mordula and Bocana. 

Abus sestuarium, an sestuary of Britain, 
E. at Ocellum prom. Humber. 

Abus fl., a r. of the Coritani, Brit., falling 
into Abus sestuar. Ouse. 

Abus m. (Aba), a ridge of Anti-Taurus, in 
Armenia Maj., bet. Arsissa palus and 
Lychnitis palus. Agri-dagh, Koh-i-niih 
(" mountain of Noah"). 

Abusina, a town of the Runicates, Yinde- 
licia, on Abens fl. near its confluence 
with the Danube, 12 m. s.w. of Regina. 
Abensberg. 

Abuzacum, i. q. Abodiacum. 

Abuzatha, a town of Adiabene, on the 
Tigris, N. of Ctesiphon. 

Ab^dos, I. a town of Byzacene, bet. Mazara 
and B3rzacium ; II. a town of M3r8ia, on 
the Hellespont, 3| m. s.w. from Sestos ; 
a Thradan settlement, enlarged by Mile- 
sians. Noted for its horses, for Xerxes 
bridge, for the loves of Hero and Leander, 
and for its resistance to Philip. On Cape 
Nagara. III. a town of Peeonia, on t^e 
Axius; IV. a town of Thebais, on the 
Nile, bet. This and Diospolis Parva. A 
Milesian settlement. The burial-place of 
Osiris. El Matfoon (" the buried"). 

Abyla m., a pr. of Mauritania Tingi- 
tana, at the inner entrance, s. of the 
Mediterranean. One of the Pillars of 
Hercules, the other being the opposite 
pr. of Calpe. Cabo Ximiera ; Apes* Hill, 

Abystrum. Vide Aprustum. 

AbzibitanuM) a to^nv Q.i MrM!a»'^ivs^T»,% 



ABZ 



ACE 



ABzOiK, a town of Scythia, on Borealis 

. ooeanus. 

AcABE m., a pr. of Thebais, on the Red 
Sea, above Nichesia. 

AcABENE, a district of Mygdonia, Mesopo- 
tamia, on the Tigris, n. of Csene. 

AcABis, baths of Cyrenaica. 

AcABicoNTEiCHOS, a towB of Mauritania, 
under Atlas m. 

AcACESiuM, a town of Arcadia, on Acacesius 
m., founded by Acacus, s. of Lycaon. 

AcACESius m., a m. of Arcadia; 1 m. from 
Prasese, wheqce Mercury derived the ap- 
pellation Acacesius. 

AcADAMA, a town of Syria, on the Eu- 
phrates. 

AcADARA, I. a town of India e. Gangem, 
N.E. of Agimothra. II. of Arabia Felix. 

AcADiNus fons, a fountain of Sicily, near 
Palica, endued with the quality of testing 
oaths, those written fidsely sinking at once 
to the bottom. 

AcALANDRA, a towu of Lucauia, on the 
Acalandrus. Salandra, 

AcAiiANDRUs fl., a r. of Lucania, falling 
into Tarentinus sinus, e. of Thurii. Solan- 
drella, 

AcALE, a town of Arabia Felix. 

AcALissus (Acalia, Ascandalis), a town of 
Lyda. 

AcAMANTis, a name, I. of Cyprus, from 
Acamas prom. ; II. of Teos. 

AcAMANTis m., a m. of Cyprus w. 

AcAMANTiuM, a towu of Phrygia Magna, 
built by Acamas, son of Theseus. 

Acamas, I. the n.w. extremity of Cyprus, 
rising in two semi-globular summits. 
Cape Amant; Salizano. II. a town of 
C3rp]^s, at Acamas prom. Gmaocco. 

AcAMPSis fl., i. q. Apsarus. 

AcANN^ (Psygmi portus), a port of Ethio- 
pia, at Elephas prom. 

AcANTHONiTis, a district of Carmania, on 
the confines of Gedrosia. 

Acanthus, I. an isL of Mysia, in the Pro- 
pontis, near Ophiusa ; II. m. of Athama- 
nia, bet. the Arachthus and the Inachus. 
Tzumerka, III. a town (Doulonpolis) of 
Cnidus penins., Caria, near Bubassus; 
rV. of Acte penins., Macedonia, on Strymo- 
nicus sinus, at the e. extremity of Xerxes' 
ditch — an Andrian ^settlement, noted for 
its wines. V. of .^Igypt, on the Nile 

. R., bet. Aphroditopolis and Soenee- 
Mandrse. Dashur, VI. of Athamania, 
under Acanthus m., s.w. of Tetraphylia. 

AcAPEATJB, a people of Sarmatia Europ., on 
Mseotis palus. 

AcXra, I. a town of Pannonia. II. of Grallia 
Cispadana, near Rhegium Lepidum. 



AcAREA fons, a fountain of Corinth, where 
lolas cut off the head of Eurystheus. 

AcARMAN, a town of Arabia Felix. 

AcARNANES, ** uushom," a tribe of Leleges, 
Acamania ; so named to distinguish them 
from the Curetes, or, traditionally, from 
Acaman, s. of Alcmseon, 

AcARNANiA, a division of Epirus, bounded 
w. and s. by Ionium mare, e. by Achelous 
fl., N. by Ambradus sin. Noted for its 
horses. Camia, Carlelia. 

AcARNE. Vide Acharrse. 

AcATHARTus sinus, a bay of Arabicus 
sinus, 8. 

AcATHR^ ins., I. an isl. of the Sina^. 
II. of Arabia Felix. 

AcAVATHA, a town of Palm3nrene, bet. Mat- 
thana and ChoUe, s.s.e. of Thapsacus. 

AccAD, a town of Sittacene, 9 m. s.w. from 
Ctesiphon. Built by Nimrod. AJcker-koof. 

AccARON, priua Ekron, a city of Judsea, 
bet. Jamnia and Azotus. The metro- 
polis of the Philistiei. Aker. 

AccHiTJB, a people of Arabia Felix, on the 
Red Sea. 

Acci, a town of the Bastitani, Bsetica, on the 
Bsetis, E.N.E. of lUiberis. A colonia (Julia 
Gemella Accitana) ; the station of the 3rd 
and 6th legions. Guadix el Viejo, 

AcciON lacus, i. q. Lemanus lacus. 

AcciPiTRUM ins. (Hieracum), an isl., I. of 
Arabia Felix, in the Red Sea, x. w. of 
Mamala ; II. of Sardinia, w. above Plum- 
bia ins. San Pieiro, 

Acclsi, a people of Sarmatia As., on Mseotis 
palus. 

Acco (Aks), a city of Asher, on the Medi- 
terranean, at the mouth of Belus fl., 30 m. 
s. from Tyrus. A colonia (C. Claudii 
Csesaris) ; called also, ctrea 1(M) b.c, Pto- 
lemais, in honour of Ptolemy. Acca; 
Acre. 

AccusiORUM colonia, i. q. Gratianopolis. 

AcDEi, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, on 
Msp-otis palus. 

AcedIci, a people of Latium, subject to the 

AcELA, I. a town of Lyda, named from 
Acelus, s. of Hercules. II. of the Regni, 
Brit., bet. Yindomis and Vagniaca. 

AcELUM, a town of the Veneti, Yenetia, 
N.w. of Tarvisium. Asolo, 

AcEMA m., i. q. Cema. 

Acer fl., a river of Lucania, falling into the 
Sora at Grumentum. 

AcERNUM, a town of Picenum, 15 m. e. from 
Salemum. Acemo, 

AcERONiA, a town of Lucania, bet. Forum 
Popilii (9) and Marcelliana (9). Brienza. 

AcBRRA, a town, I. of the Insubres, Gallia 



ACE 



ACH 



Transpadana, on the Addua, bet. Cremona 
(13) and Laus Pompeia (22) on Via Pos- 
tiiumia. Gherra. II. of Campania, on 
Clanius fl., near its source, n.w. of Nola, 
dest. by Hannibal, col. by Augustus. 
Acerra. 

AcERVETis, i. q. Calatis, Thradse. 

AcERVo, a town of the Latovid, Pannonia 
Sup., 18 m. from iEmona. Seuaaenburg, 

Aces fl. Ind. i. q. Acesines. 

AcESiA, a village of Lemnos, so named from 
Philoctetes haying been cured there. 

Acesines fl. (Aces), I. a r. of India 
e. Gangem, rising in Imaus m. and falling 
into the Indus. Chunabf Jenaub, II. L q. 
Tanais. III. of Sicily, fidling into Siculum 
mare under ^tna m. v, of Ads fl. Cati' 
taro, 

Acesta, i. q. M^ti. 

AcHABTTUs m., a m. of Rhodes, on which 
stood a temple of Jupiter. 

AiCH^i, I. a name generally of the Greeks ; 
II. a tribe of Pelasgi, originally from 
Achaia, Thessaly, who, driven from their 
settlements in Laconia by the Heradidse, 
seized upon Ionia in Peloponnesus, and 
gave it their name. III. Orchomenian 
settlers in Sarmatia Asiat., on the Euxine, 
s.E. of the Toreate, afterwards named 
Zichi, Ziketi. IV. -scopuli, rocks of Tri- 
phylia, near Samos. 

AcH^iuM, a town of Troas, on the coast, 
opposite Tenedos ins. 

AcH^M^NiA, a name of Persia, from the 
Achsemaenidse. 

AcHiEus fl. (Burcas), a r. of the Achsei 
Sarmat., falling into the Euxine 15 m. s. 
from Hercules prom. 

AchaTa, I. a district of Phthiotis, Thessaly 
N.W., the early seat of the Achsei. II. a 
country of Peloponnesus, bounded, in- 
cluding Sicyonia, n. by Corinthiacus sinus, 
s. by Areadia and Elis, e. by Corinthia, w. 
by Ionium mare. First named ^gialus, 
<* shore,'' and peopled by Pelasgi; then 
Ionia, when the population was enlarged 
by an immigration of lonians; and next 
Achaia, when occupied by Acheei from 
Laconia. Livadia. III. a Roman pro- 
vince, comprehending Peloponnesus and 
Grseda extra Peloponnesum, s. of Thes- 
saly. IV. a town of Crete. V. capital of 
the Achsei, Sarmat., on Cerceticus sinus. 
VI. sumamed Vetus, the earlier settle- 
ment of the same people, 15 m. n.w. frt>m 
the preceding; VII. the early name of 
Jalysus, in Rhodes. 

AcHAiACALA, a towu of Aurauitis, Baby- 
lonia, on an isl. of the Euphrates, s. of 
Olabus. 



AcHAioRUM littus, I. the coast of Cyprus 
N., bet. Aphrodisia and Carpasia. Named 
from the Greeks, who landed here under 
Teucer. Near Jalouaa. II. portus, a port 
of the Callipedee, Sarmatia, w. of Olbia. 
Porto Buono, III. of Troas, 2^ m. s. from 
the mouth of the Scamander, the assem- 
bling-place of the Greek fleet. IV. statio, 
the tomb of Hecuba, in Thradus Cher- 
sonesus, over against Sigseum. 

AcHAis, I. a town of Aria. II. of Hyrcania, 
built by Antiochus in honour of his bro- 
ther. 

AcHANA fl., a r. of Arabia, towards the 
Euphrates. 

AcHANi (Achami), a p. of Scythia. 

AcHAR, i. q. Nizibis. 

AcHARACA, I. a town of Lydia, bet. Tralles 
and Nysa, where was the cave Charonium, 
in which sick persons were directed to 
their cure in a dream. II. of Lycaonia, w. 
of Iconium. 

AcHARDEUS fl., a r. of Sarmatia Asiat., 
rising in Caucasus m., and falling into the 
Tanais towards its mouth. Manitschf 
Egorlik, 

AcHARiTANUM, a towR of Africa, towards 
Cyrenaica. 

AcHARNiE, a demus of Attica, s.w. of Hy- 
mettus, the population of which, chiefly 
charcoal-burners, were proverbial for their 
uncouth manners. Near Menidi, 

AcHARRJE (Achame), a town of Dolopia, 
Thessaly, on Vanusus fl., below Theuma. 
Achari. 

Ac H ASA, a district of Scythia extra Imaum, 
bet. the Chattise and the Chamaneei. 

Achates fl., a r. of Sidly, falling into 
the Mediterranean s.e. of Gela. In it 
agates, thence named, were first found. 
Drillo. 

AcHELOUS fl., I. a r. (prius Thoas, "swifl;," 
ThesHvLSf posiea Pachilola) of Grseda extra 
Pelopo)inesum, rising in Pindus m. n. of 
Dolopia, and, after separating Acamania 
from Aperantia and iEtolia, falling into 
Ionium mare by two mouths at CEniadse 
and Nasus. Aspro-potamo, II. of the 
Malienses, Thessaly, falling into Maliacus 
sinus at Phalara. III. of Thesoa, Arcadia, 
falling into Alpheus fl. 

AcHERDUs, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Hippothoontis. 

Acheron fl., "joyless," I. a r. 1. postea 
Zoonautes, of Bithynia, falling into the 
Euxine near Heraclea. II. of Bruttiumy 
falling into Crathis fl., near Consentia, the 
death-place of Alexander, king of the 
Molossi. Maresanto. III. of El^ycw^^tnssossi^ 
N.w. of Paaaaxon, wai^, «&«c TQ5assB% Vst 



ACU 



6 



ACI 



fome distance under ground, fslling into 
tiie Adriatic at Glykys portns. There was 
an oracle on its bonks, where the dead 
weire evoked. The extreme gloom of its 
Boenery suggested it to Homer as one of 
the rivers of Erebns. Soidi, TV. of Tri- 
phylia, iedling into Alphens fl. near T3rpana ; 
Fluto, Proserpine, and Ceres were pecu- 
liariy venerated on its banks. Y. lacus 
(Acheruns), a sulphureons hke of Baise, 
Campania, so hemmed in by hills that only 
the sun at noonday penetrated thither. 
Reputed a resort of witches. 

AcHERONTiA (Acheroutum), a town of the 
Peuceti, Lucania, " nestling *' on a hill 8.E. 
of Ferentum. Acerenza. 

AcHERusiA palus, I. a lake of Campania, 
bet. Misenum and Cumse. Lago di Fit' 
garo. II. of Thesprotia, Epirus, formed 
by Acheron fl. towards its source. 

AcHERUBiA specus, a cavern on the coast 
of Bithynia, e. of Heraclea ; reputed the 
entrance to Orcus, by whidi Hercules 
descended in search of Cerberus. 

AcHiBi, a people of Sarmatia, oontiguons to 
the Savari. 

Achillea ins., i. q. Adullis. 

AcHiLLEicursus,penins. (AchilleosDromos), 
a long narrow peninsida of Sarmatia E., 
bet. Sagaricus sin. and Carcinites sin. 
Named from the races and other games 
established there by Achillea. 

AcHiLLEiuM, I. a town of Dandarica, 
Sarmat. As., on Mseotis palus, at the 
entrance of Cimmerius Bosporus. Near 
Buachuk, II. of Lydia, near .£nea. 
III. on Sigeum prom., built around the 
tomb of Achilles. 

AcHiLLEins portus, a port of Laconia, on 
Laconicus sin., W.N. of Psamothus. Porto- 
Kallio, 

AcHiLLis ins., I. Leuce, an isL of Dada, off 
Pselon Ost. II. L q. Adiillei cursus. 
III. of Samos, towards Ampelus prom. 

AoHiNDANA fl., a r. of Carmania, fidHng 
into Persicus sinus e. of Corius fl. 

AoHiSARMi, a people of Africa. 

AcHMETHA, Heb. " treasure-fortrefls,'' i. q. 
Ecbatana. 

AcHNiB, the early name of Casus ins. 

AcHOLAi, a town of Arabia Fehx. 

AcHOLLA (Acolitanum oppidum, AciUa), a 
maritime town of Byzacena, bet. Sullectis 
and Brachodes prom. A Mitylenean settle- 
ment. Near Elalia. 

AcHOR, ** distress," a valley of Benjamin, 
along the Jordan, near Joicho ; the scene 
of Achan's punishment. 

AcHRADus, a demus of Attica. 

AcHsiANx, a town on the Caqpian. 



AcHRUA, a town of Arabia Felix. 

AcHziB (Achsaph, Ecdippa), I. a town of 

Asher, on the Mediterranean, 10 m. n. of 

Aoco. Zib. II. a town of Judah. 
AcLACUM, a town of the Morini, in Terva* 

nensis pagus. Auchy, 
AclfBi, a town of Sarmatia Europ., n.e. of 

Riphaei m. 
AcIdalus fons, I. a fountain of Campania, 

the water of which was good for sore eyes ; 

IL of Boeotia, near Qrchomenus, sacred to 

the Graces. 
AciDAS (Addon, Jardanus) fl., a r. of Try- 

phylia, Elis, fiiUing into Anigrus fl. 

towards the sea. Near it was the tomb of 

Jardanus. 
AciDAVA, I. a town of the Burideenses, 

Dae., bet. Cedonia (24) and Apulum (14); 

II. of the Potulatenses, Dae., on Aluta fl., 

L. bet. Bomula (13) and Rusidava (24). 

iMcavez, 
AciDii, a village of Lucania, n. of Gru- 

mentum. 
AciENSEB, a people of Latium, above Al- 

banus m. 
AcIla, Arabia, L q. Ocelis. 
AciLiSENE, a district of Sophene, Arm., e. of 

Chorzene. Ekelis. 
AciLLA. Vide Acholla. 
AciMBRO, L q. Adnippo. 
AciMiNcuM, a town of Pannonia, on the 

Danube, above its confluence with the 

Tibiscus, bet. Bononia and Cusum. Alt- 

Saiankemem. 
AcIna, a town of Arabia. 
AciNAi, a people of Bactriana, bet. the 

Chomi and the Tambyzi. 
AcinXcis fl., a r. of Colchis, falling into 

the Euxine, bet. Phasis fl. and Acampsis 

fl. 
AciNCUM (Aquincum), a town of Valeria, 

Ptmnon., on the Danube, bet. Crumerum 

and Campona. The station of the Legio II. 

acyutrix. Ait Buda^ near Buda, 
AciNiPPO (Acimbro),a town of the Turdetani, 

in Bstica, w. of Arunda. 
AcjLNTANi, a people of Spain, worshippers of 

Neco, a form of Mars. . 
AcYris fl., a r. of Lucania, rising k.w. of 

Abdlinum Marsicum, and falling into Ta- 

rentinus sin. at Heradea. A^ri, 
Acis fl., I. a r. of Sidly, quasi '^ swift as 

an arrow (Adnius)," rising in ^tna m., 

and, after a course of about a mile, fiilling 

into Sicuhun mare at Acis, bet. Acesines 

fl. and Adrix, x. of Catana. Named from 

the loves of Galatea. lad, II. a town 

of Sicily, s. at the mouth of Acis fl. 

Castel d* lad. III. ins., one of the Cy- 

dades ins., towards Crete. 



Aa 



Acm 



AciTATONBS, a people of the Alpes Cottiae, 
contiguous to the SalassL F(S/ de la 
Vanoise, 

AciTHis fl. (AdthiuSy Atyfl), a r. of ^aty, 
faUing into Africum pelaigufiy x. of Li]y- 
heum prom. Caraki. 

AciTiA, a name of Melos. 

AciTODUNUM, a toiwn of the Lem^vioeSy 
Aquitania, 8.B. of Fnetormm. JJnm, 

AciTOiiiziACUM Galatls, i. q. Androda. 

Acivs fl., Thestius, a river of JBtolia. 

AcMODA (^mddse), seven islands in Deuca- 
lidonus oceanuB. Skeilmid. 

AcMONiA (Acmltea), a town, I. of the Potu- 
latenses, Dada, s. of Tiriscus. II. of 
Phiygia Epirtetiis, bet. Cotyseum (35) and 
Alydda (25), near the source of Th^rm- 
bres fl. ; biult by Acmon, s. of Manes. 

AcoLA, a town of Media. 

AcoNE, " whetstones/' the port of Heradea, 
in Bitfaynia. Besides whetstones, its dis- 
trict was very productive of the plant 
hence called ' aconite.' 

AcofnTBS, a people of Italy, owei against 
Sardinia. 

AcoNTiA, a town of tiie VaccRi, Tanaco- 
nensis, on the Durius. 

AcoNTisMA (Saltus Sapseomm, Symbolran), 
a defile between the mountains of the 
Sapsei in Thrace and liie coast; 8.S. of 
Plnlipjn. 

AcoNTiuM, a town of Arcadia, named from 
Acontius, s. of Lycaon. 

AcoNTius fl., I. a r. of Boeotia, rising in 
Acontius m., and ftdiing into Cc^pais lac. ; 
II. mons, a m. of BoBotia, on the confines 
of Phods, 8. of Abte. 

AcoRABA, Syria, L q. Androna. 

AcoRis, I. a town of Heptanomis, on the 
Nile, R. bet. Cynopolis and Specs Arte- 
midos. Tehew^. li. of the Jazyges, 
Sarmat., on Palus Meotis, e. of Byce 
lac. 

AcRA, I. a town of Bruttium. II. (Acra- 
comion), a town of Taurica Chersonnesus, 

• 8., at the w. entrance of Cimmerins Bos- 
porus. III. Mcense, i. q. Tetrisia. IV. 
ins., an isl. of Mauritania Caesar., oppo- 
site the mouth of Siga ^. IV. i. q. 
Japygium prom. Y. Leuce (Castrum 

• Album), ** white castle,'' a town of the 
Contestani, Tarraconensis, on Illidtanus 
sin., s. ef Alebus. Built by Hamilcar. 

• Denia, Ylli. Meljbna, a town of the 
Thyni, in Bithyniai at Melsena prom. 
Calin Acra. 

Ac&aba, a town of Oailioene, s.w. of Car- 

rhse. 
AcRABATENE, a topoTchy of Samaria, s. 

about Acrabbim. 



Ac&ABATENB, B tofanfayof JudKa, on the 
borders of Idumna. 

Acrabbim, capital of the toparohy of Acva- 
batene, Samaria, 9 m. e. from Sidiem. 
Akrabah. 

AcRACANus, Babylonia, i. q. Maarsares. 

AcRiB, I. a town of .fitoha, n.w. of Trioho- 
nius lac, near Thestia. II. of Sidly, near 
4iie source of Helorus fl., 84 m. s.w. of 
Syracuse. Built by the Syracusans 665 

B.C. ArCML. 

AcRiEPHiA (Acneplmim, Acrsephinon), a 
town of Boeotia, on the w. slope of Ptous 
m., near Copals lacus. Considered by 
some tiie Anie of Homer. Neear Kar- 
ditza. 

AcRAOAS, I. a town of Euboea. II. (Agra- 
gas), the Gredc name of Agrigentum. 

AcrXgas fl., a r. of Sicily, frdhng inta 
Africum pelagus, bdow Agrigentum. Gtr- 
genti, 

AcRASUS, a town of Lydia. 

AcRAVisci, a people of Mcesia Superior, 

N.W. 

Acre, a town of Cyprus, where was a temple 
of Yenus, to which women were not ad- 
mitted. 

Acria, I. a town of Laconia, on Laoonicus 
sinus, 4 m. s. from Helos, with a tempta 
of Cybele. San Oiorgio, II. o€ the Tur- 
detani, Bsetica, near Hispalis. 

AcRiDOPHAGi, I. a people of Ethiopia, 
living upon salted locusts, and dying at «r 
early age of mor^fw pedicuheue, Hiere 
was another nation of locust-eaters in 
Puthia. 

AcRiLLiB (Acilla), a town of ^dly, on Ana- 
pus fl., R. bet. Acrse and Syracusae. 

Acrioteri pahis (Pisidicns lacus), a lake of 
Pisidia, l^t. Termessus and Sagalassus. 
Igridu 

AcRisioxB, a town of ArgoEs, k.s. of 
Argos. 

AcRiTAS prom., I. Leucatas, a pr. of 6i- 
thynia, at the e. entrance of Astacenus 
^., 37 m. from Nicomedia. II. the s. 
headland of Messenia, opposite Theganassa 
ins. Cape Crallo, 

AcROATHON. Vide Acrothoon. 

AcROCORiNTHUS m., prtus Epope, a hill of 
Corinthj s.w. of tie dty ; on it stood the 
citadel of Corinth, and a temple of Yenui, 
attended by lOOO slave-priestesses. 

AcROCERAUNii (Ccraunii), m. of Epirus, 
extending along the coast nearly to Bu- 
throtum, and inland to Tomarus m. ; in 
part dividing Illyria from Epirus. Ter^ 
rible for their Ughtning-storms, whence 
the name. Kimara. 

AcViOCSBJJSlSfVSSVL ^gwwu.,^^ "^^ • «ite«ss^fc^ 



ACR 



8 



AD 



of Acrooeraunii, on the Adriatic, opposite 
Sasonius. C, Lingueita, 

AcROCOMJS, a people of Thrace, so named 
from their wearing the hair long in 
front. 

AcROCON saltus. Vide Oca. 

Ac&OLissus, the citadel of Lissus, in Dlyria, 
E. of the town. Alemo, 

AcKOLOCHiAS prom., a pr. of Egypt at Alex- 
andria, on which the Pharos stood. 

AcRONius lacos, a lake formed by the 
Rhine, after passing through Yenetus 
lacus. 

Acropolis, I. the citadel of Athens, built 
by Cecrops. II. Iberia, i. q. Harmoziaca. 

AcRORBA regie, a mountainous district of 
Elis, on the borders of Arcadia. 

AcROTADUS ins., an isL in Persicus sinus. 

AcROTBRiUM prom., a pr. of Lyda, 6^ m. e. 
of Antiphellas. 

AcROTHON prom. (Acroathon), the s.e. ex- 
tremity of Acte, in Macedonia. C, Monte 
Santo, 

AcROTHOOs (Acrothon), a town on the 
upper region of Athos m., overwhelmed by 
an earthquake, as a punishment for the 
impiety of its inhabitants, and succeeded 
by ApoUonia. 

AcRVNUM, a fortress of Bithynia, at one of 
the passes of Olympus m. 

AcRURiuM m., postea Galate, a m. of Pho- 
QBf near Pharygae. 

AcTANiA ins., one of the Electrides ins.. 
Germ., off the mouth of Flevus fl., n.e. 
Heligoland, . 

Acte, " sea-shore,'' I. the early name of At- 
tica. Traditionally named firom Actaeus, a 
king of the country. II. Mitylenarum, 
a portion of the coast of My8ia,.s. of Cis- 
ihene, the seat of several Mitylenean colo- 
nies. III. penins., the e. penins. of Chal- 
ddice, Maced., bet. Singiticus sin. and 
Strymonicus sin. 

iiXQUVU. prom., I. a pr. of Corsica, w. Cape 
d^Acciajuola, II. a city of the Agrsei, in 
Acamania, at the inner entrance, s. to 
Ambracius sinus, 5 m. e. from Anacto- 
rium. Off this point, in the Anactorius 
sinus, was fought the battle in which 
Augustus defeated Antony. La Punta. 

AcTRiDA, a town of Arabia Felix. 

.AcuLiA, Hispan., i. q. Acontia. 

AcuNUM, a town, I. of the Tricastini, in 
Gallia Narbonensis, bet. Senomagus (18) 
and Batiana (12). Ancone, II. of Pan- 
nonia, i. q. Acimincum. 

AcuR, a town of Pandionis regnum, Ind., 
near Agaricus sin. 

Acnsio, GaUiee, 1. q. Acunum. 

Acuta ins., isL near the Echinades. 



AcYPHAS, I. a town of the Malienses, on 

Sperchius fl., above Anticyra. II. (Dori- 

dis), i. q. Pindus opp. 
ACTTUS ins., i. q. Melos. 
Ad Abum, a town of the Coritani, Brit., on 

Abus fl., R. bet. Petuaria and Prse- 

torium. 
Ad Msvu, i. q. Pons JSnL 
Ad Ambrum, a town of the Consuanetse, 

Yindel, on Ambra fl., bet. Isunisca (32) 

and Augusta Vindelicorum (27)* Fursten' 

feld. 
Ad Ammonem, a small village of Syrtica, 

around a temple of Ammon, bet. Sabrata 

and Casse. 
Ad Ammontem, a town of Itursea, bet. 

Csesarea Ptoeas s.w. and Damascus 

N.E. 

Ad An am, a town of the Celtid, Lusitania, 
on the Anas, below Pax Augusta. 

Ad Angitulam, a town of Bruttium, at the 
mouth of Angitula fl., bet. Ad Turres (13) 
and Nicotera (25), on Via Aquilia. 

Ad Ansam, I. a town of the Trinobantes, 
Brit, bet. Colonia and Canonium. II. 
Othona, a town of the Trinobantes, on 
Idumania fl., 15 m. from Combretonium. 
Near Dedham, 

Ad AauAS, baths, I. 1. of the Potulatenses, 
Dae., on Sergetiafl., 14 m. e. of Zarmizege- 
thusa, bet. Hatzeg and Vaj da Hunyad x. 
II. poetea Belga Uvella, Theorodunum. 
of the Belgse, Britannia. Wells. III. of 
the Lusitani, bet. Lama, n.w., an4 
Lancia Transcudana, s.e. IV. of the 
Moesi, Moesia Sup., on the Danube, bet. 
Pons Trajani and Dorticum. V. of Pice- 
num, on Truentus fl., bet. Ad Centesimum 
(4) and Asculum (10). Aqua Santa, 
VI. of Pteonia, on the borders of Moesia, 
bet. Amavasarium (12) and Scopi (21). 
Banja. VII. -Albulas, a town of the La- 
tini, Latium, on Anio fl., bet. Rome (14) 
and Tibur (6), on Via Tiburtina. Solfa- 
tara. 

Ad Arab, a town of the Turduli, Bsetica, 
bet Astigi, s.w., and Ck>rduba, n.e. 

Ad Arnum, a town of Etruria, on Amus 
fl., L. bet. Horentia (18) and In Portu 

Ad Arvalla, a town of Numidia, bet. 

Sibus and Vicus Valeriani. 
Ad Aureos, a town of the Yeneti, Yenetia, 

bet. Vicetia (11) and Cadianum (10). 

MontebeUo, 
Ad Bivium, a station on Via Lavicana, at 

its junction with Via Latina, n.w. of 

Anagnia. Sanf Hario, 
Ad Caballos, a town of Grallia Trans- 

padana. Bagnocavallo. 



AD 



9 



AD 



Ad Cahalis, a town of Numidia, bet. Zyma 

Maseli and Ad Germani. 
Ad Calem, a town of Umbria, bet. Ad 

Ensem (1 4) and Ad Interdsa (9), on Via 

Flaminia. Cagli. 
Ad Calo&em, a town of Lucania, on Calor 

fl., R. bet. Ad Silarum and Marcelliana. 
Ad Canales, a town, I. of Messapia, under 

Anion m., w.n.w. of Tarentam. Canile, 

II. of the Pentriy Samninm, on Via Tren- 

tana, bet. Ad Pirum (10) and Bovianum 

(11). 

Ad Capsum ULTiMUM, a town of the 
PsyUi, Africa, on Syrtes Maj., at Hippi 
prom. 

^ Casas CiESARiANAS (Ad Fines), a town 
of Etruria, on the Via Cassia, bet. Arre- 
tium (25) and Florentia (25). S. Giovanni. 

Ad Castoris, a town of the Cenomanni, 
Gallia Transpad., bet. Cremona and Be- 
driacum. 

Ao Castra, I. a town of the Cami, Venetia, 
on Frigidus fl., bet Ad Fomulos (12) 
and Ad Pirum. II. (Legio XXX. Ulpia 
Trajana), of the Gugemi, Germania, on the 
Rhine, bet. Vetera Castra (1 ^) and Colonia 
Trajana. In der Poll Alpen, 

Ad Cedros, a town of the Tectosages, Nar- 
bonensis I., bet. Ebromagus and Carcaso. 

Ad Centenarias, a town of Numidia, 
bet. Tenebreste and Ad Rubras. 

Ad Centesimum, a town of Picenum, on 
Via Salaria, bet. Badies (10) and Asculum 
Picenum (12). Quiniodecimo. 

Ad Centuriones (Ad Centenarium), a town 
of the Sardones, Narbonensis I., n.w. of 
Juncaria. Cervera, 

Ad Cepasias, a town of Venetia, on Via 
Emilia, bet. Feltria (28) and Opitergium 
(28). Abbazia. 

Ad Confluentes, a marit. town of Gallia 
Cispadana, n. of Rubico fl. 

Ad Decimum, I. a town of Calabria, on 
Via Egnatina, bet. Egnatia (10) and Spe- 
luncse (11). II. of the Insubres, Gallia 
Transpadana, bet. Tidnum (10) and Me- 
diolanum (10). Casa Dico, III. of the 
Latini, Latium, on Via Latina, bet. Rome 
(10) and Roboraria (6). IV. of the Tau- 
rini. Gall. Transpadana, on Aurelia Via, 
bet. Augusta Taurinorum (10) and Quad- 
rata (12). V. of the Treveri, Belgica I., on 
Mosella fl., below Augusta Treverorum. 

Ad Dianam, I. a town of Cestrine, in 
Epirus, bet. Buthrotum (8) and Glykis 
portus (13). II. of the Eordeti, Illyria, on 
Genusus fl., bet. Trajectum Genusi (7) 
and Candavia (2). III. of Numidia, on 
the coast, bet. Tuniza (15) and Hippo 
Regius. 



Ad Dracones, I. a town of Armenia Minor, 
bet. Olotcedariza (26) and Aza (24)— pro- 
bably the Charax of Ptolemy. II. of 
Mauritania Caesar., bet. Regise and Albula. 

Ad Drinum, a town of the Triballi, Maes., 
on Drinus fl., R. above Gensis. 

Ad Duodecim, I. a town of the ^Edui, 
Lugdunensis I., bet. Cabillonum (18) and 
Augustodunum (16^). Conches. II. of 
the Batavi, Germania II., bet. Noviomagus 
(18), and Grinnes (9), near Yssendom, 
III. of Calabria, 12 m. n.w. from Hydrun- 
tum. Borgogne. IV. of the Mediomatrid, 
Belgica I., bet. Decem Pagi (18) and 
Divodurum (18). V. of the Sapsei, Thrace, 
on Egnatia Via, bet. Drapescas and Phi- 
lippi. VI. of the Segusini, Gallia Trans- 
padana, on Duria min. fl., R. bet. Segusio 
(12) and Ad Fines (12), on Via Aurelia. 
Giaconera or Burgone. VII. of the Ve- 
neti, Venetia, bet. Patavium (12) and Ad 
Nonum (11), on the Via iyimilia. Near 
Miraus. 

Ad Duos Pontes, a town of the Lucenses, 
in Gallseda, at the mouth of Lseron fl. 

Ad Durium, a town of the Durotriges, 
Britannia, on Durius fl., s.w. of Mori- 
dunum. Totneas. 

Ad Ensem, a town of Umbria, bet. Hel- 
villum (10) and Ad Calem (14), on Via 
Flaminia. La Scheggia, 

Ad Ficum, a town of the Psylli, Africa prop., 
on Syrtis Maj., bet. Auzui and Prsetorium. 

Ad FiGLiNAS, a town of the Euburiates, 
Liguria, on Via Aurelia, bet. Hasta (3) and 
Genua (7). Finale. 

Ad Finem, a town of the Veneti, Venetia, 
on Meduacus min. fl., bet. Vioetia (11) 
and Patavium (10). Arlesega. 

Ad Fines, I. a town of the Agesinates, 
Aquitania II., bet. limonum (30) and 
Argantomagus (31|). Haintz. II. of the 
Arvemi, Aquitania I., bet. Ubinum and 
Adtodunum. Croisseacoigne. III. of Uie 
Atrebates, in Belgica II., bet. Castellum 
(21^) and Nemetacum (21^). Beihune 
or Annezin. IV. of the Caturiges, Nar- 
bonensis II., bet. Davianum (12) and Va- 
pincum (11). Blaynie Sept Fons. V. of 
the Cenomanni, in Lugdunensis III., bet. 
Suindinum (24) and Csesarodunum (30). 
TVois BomeSf near Chdteau du Loir. 
VI. of the Colapini, Pannon., on Colapis 
fl., bet. Quadrata (14 e.) and Sisda. 
Glina. VII. of the Curiosolites, in Lug- 
dunensis III., bet. Fanum Martis (10^) 
and Condate. Auirain. VIII. of Dada 
Medit., in Moesia Sup., bet. Hammenum 
and Vendenee. IX. of Illyria, on the con- 
fines of Pannonia^ bc^ ^lernaQsasi. v^^ ^ 



AD 



10 



AD 



Ladios. X. of tiie Leetani, TEumoonensiSy 
on Rnbricatos fl., R. towards its mouth. 
XI. of tiie Levid, in Belgica II., bet. 
Ka8ia(2])andTiiUiim(6). Ftwff. XII. of 
the Mandubii, Lugdnnensis I., near Akda. 
Fins. XIII. of the Nitrobriges, Aquitania 
II., bet Vesabinm (90) and Aginnnm 
(22^). La Marque, XIV. of the Pela- 
gones, Macedonia, bet. Ad Herculem (8) 
and Anavaaanun (35). XV. of the Petro- 
corii, Aquitania II., bet. Vesunna (31|) 
-andAugu8toiitum(31i). La T\mr Blanche, 
bet. Ysiiz and Chante. XVL of the Se- 
nones, Lugdunensis IV., bet. Aquse Se- 
gestse (22) and Genabum (15) ; bet. Cour' 
IHeu and Pkilissanet XYII. of the 
Suessiones, Belgica II., bet. Dnrocortonun 
(18) and August. Suessionum (18). Fiames, 
XVllI, of the Tasconi, Aquitania I., on 
Tamis fl., bet. Tolosa and Cosa. XIX. of 
the , Taurini, Gallia Transpad., on the 
Aurelia Via, bet. Ad Duodedm (12) and 
Ad Octavum (8) ; bet. Camarelleto and 
Castelleto, XX. of the Tectosages, Nar- 
bonensis I., bet. Elusio and Sestomagus. 

XXI. of the Tngeni, Rhsetia, bet. Vito- 
■durum (30) and Arbor FeKx (80). Pfyn. 

XXII. of the Yerodunenses, in Belgica II., 
bet. Verodunum (15) and Ibliodurum (9). 
Marckeville, 

Ad Flexum, I. a town of the Boii, Pannon., 
bet. Gerulata (16) and Quadratum. Ooar, 
AUenburg ? II. of the Cenomanni, Gallia 
Transp., on Clusius fl., bet. Brixia (II) 
and Beneventum (10), on Via JEmilia. 
Bettola, III. of the Volsci, Latium, on 
Via Latina, bet. Casimmi (8) and Vena- 
frum (8). 8. Pietro in fine. 

Ad FonticuIjOS, a town of the Anamares, 
Gallia Transpad., bet. Florentia (5) and 
Fidentia (5), on the Via ^yimilia. Jbn- 
iana. 

Ad Fornulos, a town of the Cami, Venetia, 
on Frigidus fl., bet Ad Undedm (12) and 
Ad Castra (12). Verioza, 

Ad Fratbes, a marit tillage of Mauritania 
Cfesar., bet. Artiaiga and Lemnis. 

Ad Gallinas, a Tillage round a villa of 
liivia, on the Ilbor, near Rubras. Chniella 
<r Amo. 

Ad Gaixum (Gallinadum), a town of 
Zeugitana, on Bagradas fl., R. near its 
mouth, bet Utica (12) and Carthage (15). 
Gella. 

Ad Gzmellas, a town of the Balari, Sar- 
dinia, s.w. of Olbia. 

Ad Germani, a town of Numidia, bet Ad 
CahaHs and Buglata. 

Ad Gradus, the name given by the Romans 
totiieB. moulfliof tiiefiJume. Gras, 



Ad Grjigas, a town of Etruria, on Palus 
Clusina, bet. Ad Novas (9) and Ad Jog- 
landem (12), on Via Cassia. Fcjano. 

Ad Harnabam, apud Livium, i. q. Ama 
Umbrise. 

Ad Herculem, I. a town of the Balari, 
Sardinia, bet Tunis Ldbyssonis and Eru- 
cium. II. of Etruria, 12 m. s.s.e. from 
Pisse. VioHno. III. of Mesopotamia, bet. 
Dicate and Atra. lY. of Pannonia Inf., 
on the Danube, bet Salva and Cirpis (10). 
Y. of the Pelagones, Macedonia, bet. Prse- 
sidium (9) and Ad Fines (8). YI. of the 
Triballi, Moesia, on Margus fl., bet. Naissus 
and Hammenum. 

Ad Honoratianum, a town of the Hirpini, 
Samnium, on Yia Numida, bet. Ad Ma- 
trem Magnam (15) and Yenusia (28). 

Ad Horrea, a marit. town of the Digaum, 
Narbonensis II., bet. Antipolis (12) and 
Forum Yoconii (24). Horibel, 

Ad Intercisa (Petra Pertusa), a town of 
Umbria, bet Ad Calem (4) and Forum 
Bempronii (9) on Yia .^Imilia. Furlo, 

Ad Jo«landem, a town of Etruria, on Yia 
Cassia, bet Ad Gnecas (12) and Biturgia 
(10), E. of Arretium. Coggiano. 

Ad Jovem, a town of the Tectosages, Nar- 
bonensis I., bet Bucco (10^) and Tholosa 
(10^). Tenia or Chaubet. 

Ad Labores, a town of the Hercuniatse, 
Pannonia, on the Danube, bet. Donatiana 
and Teutoburgium. Named from the ardu- 
ous battle here bet. Constantino and lici- 
nius. Near Vucovar, 

Ad Lacum Felicis, a town of Yaleria, Pan- 
nonia, on the Danube, 18 m. e. from 
Azaum. Neudoff? 

Ad Lanarittm, a town of Sicily, s.w. near 
Mazara. Campo Bello, 

Ad Lapidem, I. a town of Britain. Stone- 
ham, II. a village of Numidia, bet. Tibilis 
and Gasaupala. 

Ad Lectoce, a town of the Cavares, in 
Gallia Yiennensis, on the Rhone, above 
Arausio (13). Paase du Lez, 

Ad Libras, a town of the Sardisei, Illyria, 
N .E. of Tilurium. 

Ad Lippos, a town of the Yettones, Lusi- 
tania, N. of Capara. 

Ad Lullia, a town of the Morim, Belgica 
II., bet. Durocoregnm (16^) and Linto- 
magus. Si. Pol, 

Ad Lunam, a town of the Chsetuari, Ger- 
mania, at Hadriani Yallum, n.e. of Cla- 
renna. 

Ad Majores, a town of Numidia, bet. Audus 
m. and Palladis lac., w. of Ad Medias. 

Ad Malas, a town of Numidia, on fl. bet. 
Yasidica and Tipasa. 



AD 



11 



AD 



Ad MAiiUV, L m ioHrn. of Histris, bet. 
Anesdca (18) and Ad l^otos (17). Jab- 
lowmtz, IL of the Moesi, Moes. Siq)., on 
the Danube, bet. Bononia and Eatiaria. 

Ad Ma&tis, I. a town of Etmria, on Via 
Claudia, bet. Pistoria (8) and Lnca (12) ; 
II. of Picennm, on IVuentus fl., L. 16 m. 
N.E. from Falacrinum. Arquata. TIL of 
the S^ovii, Gallia Transpadana, bet. Ges- 
dao (9) and Seguaio (16) on the Via Au- 
relia. OuUp. IV. of Umbria, on Via Fla- 
minia, bet. Namia (17) and Mevania. 
M(U8a, 

Ad Matrem, a town of the Hirpini, Sam- 
luum,* near the source of Cerbalus 11., on 
Via Numicia, beL Equus Tuticus (10) and 
Ad Honoratianum (15). Villanova, 

Ad Matrices, a town of the Pltereei, lUyiia, 
on Naro fL, bet Bistne Vetns and Bistue 
Nova. 

Ad Maubos, a town of Noricam. Jkfaur- 
kirch. 

Ad Medeka, L a tcnm of Ccde-Syiia, bet. 
Damascus s.w. and Thelsia n.s. II. of 
Kumidia, on Ardali 11., bet. Ad Meieu- 
rium and Mutia. A coSbnia. 

Ad Medias, I. a town of the .^chilenenses, 
Sardinia, bet. Forum Tn^jani and Macop- 
sista. II. of tiie Albooenses, Dada, bet. 
Trans-Tiema and Pontes Herculis. III. of 
the Ldngones, Gallia Cispadana, bet. Forum 
GaUorum (12) and Bononia (13). Sa- 
moggia, IV. of Numidia, above Palladis 
lac., w. of Cerva. V. of the Taurini, li- 
guria, on Padus fl., R. bet. Rigomagus 
(10) and Ad Cottias (13) on the Via 
Aurelia. Castagnay near Caaale. VI. of 
the Volsci, Latium, bet. Forum Appii s. 
(9) and Tanradna (10). Mesa, 

Ad Mensula, a town of Etruria, on Umbro 
fl., bet. Mantiana (18) and Sena Julia, on 
Via Cassia. MonkiMno. 

Ad Me&curias, a town, I. of Mauritania 
Tingit., on the coast, bet. Zilia and Tingis. 
II. of Mauritania Ting., on the coast, 
bet. Dyas 11. and Sala. 

Ad Mercurium, I. a town of Numidia, bet. 
Buglata and Aquee Cssaris. II. of Nu- 
midda, on Ardali fl., near its source, bet. 
Thebeste and Ad Medera. III. of Zeu- 
gitana, on Bagradas fl., bet. Ad Pertusa 
and Unuca. IV. of Zeugitana, bet. Aves 
and Vina. 

Ad Metium, apud Livium, i. q. Martins 
Collis. 

Ad MoNiiiiA, a maritime town of Lignria, 
bet. Ad 8<^aria (6) and Bodetia. Mone- 
glia. 

Ad Morvm, a town of the Bastitani, Tarra- 
conens., on Osca fl., abow Ikwcum. 



Ad Mubos, a town of the Boii, Noricum, 
E. of Quaidrata. 

Ad Natalia, a town of the Ingauni, Idguria, 
bet. Alba Dodlia (13) and Hasta (7)» on 
Via Aurelia, at the mouth of Labona fl. 
Noli? 

Ad Nonas, I. a town of Etruria, bet. Ar- 
menta ^9) and Cosa (22). II. of Etruria, 
on Via Claudia, bet. Ad Sextum (9) and 
Sabate (4). III. of the Tectosages, in 
Narbonensis I., bet. Tholosa (9) and Ad 
Vioesimum (11). Pont Pertuaat. IV. of 
the Triballi, Moesia, bet. Viminadum and 
Munidphun. 

Ad Nonum, I. a town of the Insubres, 
Gallia Transpadana, bet. Mediolanum (7) 
and Lans Pompeia (9), on Via JSmiUa. 
Marigruino, II. of the Latini, Latium, 
bet. Rome (9) and Arida (7), on the Via 
Appia. Frattochie. III. of the Latovid, 
Pannonia Sup., bet. Longaticum and 
jEriiona. IV. of the Sididni, Campania, 
bet. Pons Campanus (9) and Casilinum 
(6), on Via Appia. V. of the Veneti, 
Venetaa, bet. Ad Duodedm (11) and Alti- 
num (9). Mestre, 

Ad Novas, I. a town of Campania, on the 
Via Appia, bet. Calatia (6) and Caudium 
(9). Nova. II. of the Consuanetse, Vin- 
delicia, on Licus 11., bet. Augusta Vindeli- 
corum and Abodiacum. Epfach. III. of 
the Delmates, Illyria, bet. Bitubium and 
AufustianK. IV. of Etruria, on the Via 
Cassia, bet Clusium (9) and Ad Grsecos 
(9). Montepukiano, V. of Gallia Cis- 
padana, on the coast, n.e. of Cesena. 
Cesenatico. VI. of Mauritania Ting., bet. 
Ad Mercuri and Babba Julia. VII. of the 
Meesi, Moesia Inf., on the Danube, bet. 
Danum and Jatrum. VIII. of Valeria, 
Pannonia, on the Danube, bet. Antiana and 
Donatiana. IX. Phoenidse, i. q. Omithon- 
polis. X. of the Taulantii, in Illyria, beL 
ApoUonia (24) and Qodiana (25). XI. of 
the Triballi, Moesia, on the Danube, bet. 
Cuppa and Ad Scrofulas. 

Ad Octavum, I. a town of the Sididni, in 
Campania, on Via Appia, bet. Capua (8) 
and Pons Campanus (9). II. of the Taurini, 
in Gallia Transpadana, bet. Ad Fines (8) 
and Augusta Taurinorum (8), on the Via 
Aurelia. III. of the Triballi, Moesia Sup., 
on Margus fl., bet. Idomus and Horreum. 
rV. of Umbria, on the Metaurus fl., bet. 
Forum Sempronii (9) and Fanum Fortunse 

(8)- 
Ad Padum, a town of the Ananes, Idguna, 

on Padus fl., bet. Placentia (20) and Qua- 

drata (7). CHtta PadttUna, 

Ad Palatitim, «k Vrwn <il ^'b CwDsnsfflCBsa.^ 



AD 



12 



AD 



Yenetia, on Athesis fl., bet. Samis and 
Yennum. Pozzoalta. 
Ad Palmam, I. a town of Byzacene, on 
Syrtis Min., bet. Lacene and Tacape. II. 
of Byzacene, bet. Ad Medias and Thala. 
III. of Numidia, bet Yilla Sele and Cirta. 
lY. of tbe Psylli, in Africa Ptoper, on Syr- 
tis Maj., bet. Iscina and Transmaridolum. 
Y. ef Tripolis Afric, bet. Leptis Maj. and 
Quintiliana. 
Ad Paludes, a town of Chaldssa, s.w. of 

Yologesia. 
Ad PannoniaS) a town of tbe Potulatenses, 

Dacia, 9 m. n. from Prsetorium. 
Ad Pertusa, a town of Zeugitana, bet. 

Tunis and Ad Mercurium. 
Ad Pictas Tabe&nas, a town of the Her- 
nici, Latium, on Yia Latina, bet Robo- 
rana (7) and Anagnia (15). Macere, 
Ad PiNtJM, a town of Lucania, bet. Yenusia 

(12) and Opinum (12). Spinazzola. 
Ad Pibum, I. a town of Apulia, on the Yia 
Frentana, bet. Greronium (9) and Ad Ca- 
nales (10). Campolieto, II. of the Cami, 
Yenetia, bet Ad Castra and Longaticum 
(12), under Pimm m. III. of Umbria, 
at the mouth of Sena fl., bet. Fanum 
Fortunes and Senogallia, on Yia Flaminia. 
Cesano, 
Ad Pisinas, a town of Numidia, bet Rustid 

and Yelefis. 
Ad Pontem, I. a town of the Ck)ritani Brit., 
bet. Crocolana and Margidunum (7)< Near 
Southwell (9). II. of Etruria, on Tiberis fl., 
bet. Rome (3) and Ad Rubras (6), on Yia 
Flaminia. Ponte Molle, III. of Mesopo- 
tamia, bet. Zagura and Abdia. lY. of the 
Turdetani, Beetica, at the bridge which 
formerly connected Cotinussa ins. with the 
mainland. 
Ad Pontem Isis, a town of the Boii, Nori- 
cum, on the Danube, at the confluence of 
Isis fl. Ip8 ? 
Ad Pontes, I. a town of the Albocenses, 
Dacia, on the Danube, 12 m. s. from Ar- 
ddava. II. of the Atrebatii Brit., on 
Tamesis fl., bet CaUeva fl. and Londinium. 
Ad Pontes Tessenii, a town of theXicates, 
Rhsetia, bet. Ad Ambram (40) and Partha- 
num (20). 
Ad Po&tum Yenetum, postea Brintesia, a 
port of the Yeneti, Yenetia, at the mouth 
of Meduacus Maj., bet. Meduacus Maj. 
(3) and Altinum (16). Fusina ? Porte- 
sine. 
Ad Pil£torium, I. a town of Armenia Minor, 
bet. Arane (28) and Pisonus (32). II. of 
Byzacene, bet. Diolele Prsesidium and 
Capsa. 
Ad Publicanos, I. a town of the Centrones, 



Alpes Penninse, bet. Casuaria and Mantala 
(16), N.w. of Darantasia. Conjlans. II. 
of Pannonia Sup., bet. Adrans (6) and Ad 
Quatuordedm (11). 
Ad Putea, I. a town of the Charadtani, 
Tarraconens., n.e. of Altemia. II. of the 
Moesi, Moesia, bet Castra Nova and 
CEscus. 
Ad Puteum, a town of Cyrenaica, on Syrtis 

Maj., bet. Cocynthon and Mendrion. 
Ad Ptrenjsum, a town of the Sardones, 
Narbonensis I., bet. Ad Stabulum (16) 
and Summus Pyrenseus (5). Chateau du 
Heart, 
Ad Quatuordecim, a town of Pannonia 

Sup., bet. Ad Pubhcanos and Ad Sayum. 
Ad Quindecim PEUCBTiiB, i. q. Rudise. 
Ad Quintanas, a town of the Hemid, La- 
tium, on Yia Lavicana, bet. Rome (15) 
and Ad Bivium (15). Quadri, 
Ad Quintum, a town of the Eordeti, Illyria, 
on Genusus fl., bet. Clodiana (15) and 
Scampis (5), on the Egnatia Yia. 
Ad Radices, a town of the Tilatsei, Moesia 
Inf., near the source of Jaterus fl., bet. 
Sostra and Monte Imo. 
Ad Rhenum, a town of the Tugeni, Rhsetia, 
on the Rhine, at its issue from Yenetus 
lacus, bet. Arbor Felix (9) and Brigantia 
(10). Rheinek, 
Ad Rot am, I. a town of Lydia, towards the 
sea. II. of Numidia, on Ampsagas fl., bet. 
Lacus Regius and Thamugadis. 
Ad Rotas, a town of the Insubres, Gallia 
Transpad., bet. Tres Tabemae (5) and 
Placentia (11), on the Yia ^Emilia. Orio, 
Ad Rubras, I. a town of the Celtid, Bsetica, 
n.e. of Prsesidium. II. of Etruria, on Ti- 
beris fl., bet Ad Pontem (6) and Ad Yi- 
cesimum (11), on Yia Flaminia. Prima 
Porta. III. of Mauritania Ceesar., on Siga 
fl., R. bet. Calama and Albula. lY. of 
Mauritania Csesar., bet. Ad Fratres and 
AlbuU, s.w. of Siga. Y. of Numidia, bet. 
Ad Centenarias and Gasaupala. 
Ad Sabbatum, a town of Bruttium, on Sab- 
batus fl., bet. Ck>nsentia (12) and Ad "Purres 
(18), on Yia Aquilia. 
Ad Sabrinam, a town of the Belgse, Bri- 
tannia, on Sabrina fl., near its mouth. 
Portisheadf or Portbury, 
Ad Salices, a town of tiie Feudni, Mcesia 
Inf., at the s.w. extremity of Halmyris lac, 
n.w. of Istros. 
Ad Salsum, a maritime village of Mauri- 
tania Caesar., bet. Siga and Gilva. 
Ad Samarum, a town of the Pentri, Sam- 
nium, on Tamarus fl., near its source, 
bet. Bovianum and Equus Tuticus. 
Ad Sanos, a town of the Yeneti, Yenetia, on 



AD 



13 



AD 



Flavis fl.y L. bet. Altmnm (12) and 

Concordia (II), on Via j£milia. 
Ad Sava (Assafensis), a town of Mauritania 

Caesar., on Saya (Audus) fl., 25 m. w.s.w. 

from Sitifis. 
Ad Savum, a town of Pannonia, on SaTus fl., 

near Emona. 
Ad Scrofulas, a town of the Triballi, 

Moesia, on the Danube, bet. Ad Novas and 

Tallata. 
Ad Septem Ailas, a town of Lusitania. 
Ad Sex Insulas, a town of Mauritania 

Ting., towards Rusadir. 
Ad Ssxtum, I. a town of Etmria, bet. 

Massa Vetemensis and Sena Julia. Ji- 

loita. II. of Etruria, on Via Claudia, bet.. 

Rome (6) and Caere (9). III. of the Tec- 

tosages, Narbonensis I., bet. Augusta 

Ausdomm (9) and Hungunuera (lOJ). 

Ollet or La Lique. 
Ad Silanos, a town of the Cami, Venetia, 

on Sontius fl., bet. Aquileia (35) and Tar- 

yisetum. Sella. 
Ad Silanum, a town of the Gabali, Aquita- 

nia I., on Divona fl., s. of Anderitum. 
Ad SiLARUM, a Tillage of Lucania, on 

Silarus fl., bet. Ad Tanarum and Ad 

Calorem. 
Ad Silma, a town of Numidia, on the fron- 

tiers of Zeugitana, bet. Armosela and 

Bulla Regia. 
Ad Solaria, I. a town of Etruria, bet. 

Florentia (9) and Hellana (9). Near Poggio, 

II. of the Ilercales, Liguria, bet. Ricina 

(15) and Monilia (7)i on the Via Aurelia. 

Zara. 
Ad Sfeluncas, a town of the Psylli, Africa 

P., on Syrtis Maj., bet. Charax and CEs- 

poris. 
Ad Stabulum, a town of the Sardones, 

Narbonensis I., s.w. of Illiberis. St, 

Martin, 
Ad Statuas, I. a town of the Amantini, 

Pannon., on the Danube, bet. Chertobalus 

and Bregedo. II. of the Contestani, Tarra- 

cenensis, n.e. of Saetabis. III. of the 

Latmi, Latium, on Via Latina, bet. Quin- 

tana (3) and Ad Pictas (7)* Osteria San 
Cesario. 
Ad Stoma, a town of the Peucini, Moesia, at 

the mouth of Pulchrum Ostium. 
Ad Summum Pyren^um, I. a town of the 
Indigetes, Tarraconensis, in the Pyrenees, 
£., bet. Illiberis n. and Juncaria s.s.e. 
II. of the Jaccetani, Tarraconensis, in the 
Pyrenees w., bet. Forum Ligneum n. and 
Jacca ss.E. 
Ad Tanarum, a maritime town of the Pi- 
centini, on Tanarus fl., near its mouth, bet. 
Picentia and Paestum. 



Ad Tarum, a town of the Anamares, Gall. 
Cispad., on Tarus fl., bet. Fidentia (8) and 
Parma (7). Castel Guelfo, 

Ad Taum, a town of the Iceni, Brit., on 
Taus fl., 8. of Venta Icenorum. Tdw- 
borough. 

Ad Templum, a town of Gaetulia, bet. Putea 
and Laminie. 

Ad Tine Ricina, a town of Sabinium, bet. 
Fanum Fugitiyi and Tres Tabemae, s. of 
Spoletium. 

Ad Titulos, a town of Histria, bet. Ad 
Malum (17) and Tarsaticum (17). Sta-- 
rada. 

Ad Tricesimum, a town of the Cami, Ve* 
netia, on Turrus fl., R. bet. Julium 
Camicum (30) and Aquileia (30). Tri- 
gesimo. 

Ad TropjEa, a town of Bruttium, on Tyrr- 
henum mare, near Portus Herculis, 
named from the victory of Sextus Pom- 
peius. 

Ad Turrem, I. a town of the Salyes, Nar- 
bonensis II., bet. Matavonium (14) and 
Tegulata (16). Tourves, II. Sardiniae, 
i. q. Turris Libyssonis. 

Ad Turres, I. a town of Bruttium, on 
Via Aquilia, bet. Ad Sabbatum (18) and 
Angitula (13). Maida. II. of Byzacene, 
bet. Speculum and Capsa. III. of Libur- 
nia, bet. Tarsatica and Senia. IV. of 
Etruria, on Via Aurelia, bet. Lorium 
(10) and Pyrgi (12). V. of the Manii, 
Illyria, bet Narona and Diluntum. VI. of 
the Qretani, Tarraconensis, on the Anas, 
above Iluda. VII. of the Volsci, Latium, 
on Via Severiana, bet. Circeii (4) and Tar- 
radna (9). Torre Olevola. VIII. Albas, a 
port of the Volsci, Latium, bet. Astura, 
(9) and Circeii (9), on the Via Severiana. 
Mura di San Donato, 

Ad Undecimum, I. a town of the Cami, 
Venetia, on Turrus fl., bet. Aquileia (II) 
andAdFomulos(12). Zillina. II. postea 
Furfane, of Apulia, on Via Egnatia, bet. 
Herdonia (15) and Canusium (11). 

Ad (Templum) Veneris, a town of Calabria, 
on Via Egnatia, bet. Norva (8) and 
Egnatia (8). Monte San Pietro. 

Ad Vicesimum, I. a town of Armenia 
Minor, bet Trapezuntium (20) and Zigana 
(32). II. of Pannonia, i. q. Alicanum. 
III. of the Demetae, Britannia, w. of Mari- 
dunum. Castle Flemish, IV. of Etruria, 
bet. Ad Rubras (11) and Aqua Viva (7)> 
on Via Flaminia, n.e. of Veii. Casiel 
Novo. V. of Lucania, bet. Cylistarnus 
and Thurii (20). VI. of the Tectosages, 
Narbonensis I., bet. Salsulae and Narbo. 
VII. of the Tectosages, Narbonensis I., 



AD 



]4 



ADR 



bet. Ad Nonum (11) and Elnaio (9). 

VisconH. 
Ad VicTORioLAS,a town of Gallia Cispadana, 

on Via ^Emilia, bet. Mutina (3) and Forum 

Gallorum. 
Ad AC A, a town of Palmyrene. 
Adada (Adadata, Odada), a town of Pisidia, 

E. of Prostama. 
Ad^, a town of .^lolis Asiat., on Elseatrins 

sin.y bet. Cyme and Hydra prom. (5). 
Adam, a town of Reuben, on the Jordan, in 

Amoritis, Persea, over against Jeridio, 

where the Jordan stayed its course for the 

passage of the Israelites. 
Adam AS fl., a r. of India L Gangem, fall- 
ing into Gangeticus sin. n.e. of Mana fl. 

Its banks produced diamonds, whence its 

name. Bramnii or Soank. 
Adana, a city of Cilida Campestris, on 

Sarus fl., 30 m. above its mouth, founded 

by Adanus. the Phoenician, son of Uranus 

and Terra. Adana. 
Adana (Athane), i. q. Arabise Felicis Em- 
porium. 
Adanates, a people of the Alpes Ck>ttiK, e. 

of the Medulli. Part of the Val de la 

Maurienne. 
Adani ins., two islets of Arabia Felix, in 

the Red Sea, x.w. of Muza. 
Adapera, a town of the Trocmi, Galatia, 

bet. Eccobriga (24) and Tavium (24). 
Ada&i, a port of the Leanitie, Arabia, on 

Persicus sin., s. of Cheldone prom. 
Adarima, a town of Limyrica, India, e. of 

Melinda. 
Adarix, a town of Code-Syria, 10 m. n.e. 

from Ad Medera. 
Adaristus, a town of Macedonia. 
Adasa, a town of Ephraim, 4 m» from Beth- 

horon. 
Adata, I. Commagene, the local name of 

Germanicia. II. of Cappadoda, in Sarfr- 

vene prsefectura. III. of Palmyrene, bet. 

Tyba and Evaria. 
Adaugmadum, a town of the Bagigstnli, 

Libya, bet. Tillabari and ThabunagdL 
AoDAA, Babylonia, i. q. Is. 
Addua fl. (Abdua, Adouas), a r. of Gallia, 

Transpad., rising in the Alpes Rheetiae, and 

running through Larius lac., into the Pa- 

dus, 6 m. w. of Cremona. Adda. 
Addyma, a town of Mauritania Csesariensis. 
Adeba, a town of the Uercaones, Tarra- 

conensis, on the Iberus, R. towards its 

mouth. Amposta. 
Adbda, a town of the Cassanitse, in Arabia 

Felix, on the Red Sea, s. of Mamala. 

AHuie. 
Adellum, a town of the Contestani, Tarra- 

conensis, w.».w. of Centum* 



Ades, I. a town of Cilicia Trachea, near 
Laertes. II. of Zeugitana, at the s.w. 
head of Carthaginens. sin. A colonia, 
Maxula. The locality of the first defeat 
of the Carthaginians by Regulus. Rhodes. 

Adbsa fl. (iEd^), a z. of Lyda, running 
by Choma. 

Adiabas fl., i. q. Kaprus. 

Adiabar^, a pec^le of Meroe, on the 
right bank of the Nile, next to Dode- 
caschoenai. 

Adiabene, I. a name of Assyria. II. the 
chief of the six provinces of Assyria, on 
Lyons (Caprus) fl. 

Adiabla, a town of Albania Asiatica. 

Adida, a town of Judaea, towards Jeru- 
salem. 

Adienus (Odintus), I. a r. of Pontusr, fall- 
ing into the Euxine 7i m- ^< from Ascu- 
ris fl. Mapourah. II. a town of Pontus, 
at the mouth of Adienus fl. 

Adisamum, a town of Taprobane, on the 
Ganges. 

Adisathri, a people of India, on Adisa- 
thrus m. 

Adisathrus m., m. of India L Gangem, 
extending s.w. — ^n.e. from, above Carura 
to about Nagaruris. 

Admah (Adama), I. the easternmost of the 
four cities in the valley of Siddim that 
shared the fate of Sodom. II. a town of 
Persea, on the shore of the Dead Sea, 
near the site of the earlier cognominal 
city. 

Adonis fl., a r. of Phoenicia, rising in Liba- 
nus, and falling into the Mediterranean s. 
of Byblus. The red colour of its waters, 
caused by the nature of the soil, connected 
it with the fable of Adonis (Thammuz). 
Nahr Ibrahim. 

Adopissus, a town of Lycaonia. 

Adoraim (Dora), a town of Juda, s. of 
Thappuah. 

Adoreus m., a ridge of Didymus m. in 
Phrygia Magna, towards the s. border of 
Galatia. 

Adorsi, L q. Aorsi. 

Adrarscampi, a people of Germ. Mag., 
bet. the Marus and the Danube, contigu- 
ous to the Sudini and the Quadi. 

Adraha (Edrei), I. a town of Auranitis, 
S3nia, 24 m. n.w. from Bostra. Draa. 
II. of Arabia Petnea. III. of Libur- 
nia. 

Adraistjs, a people of India i. Gangem, 
about Pimprama. 

Adramitje, a maritime people of Arabia 
FeUx, s. of the Chatramotitse. Hadra- 
vimut. • 

Adramyttenus sin., a gulf of the ^gean, 



ADR 



15 



^C 



E. of Lectnm prom., bet. Gargara prom, 
aod Pyrrha prom. Gmff of Edremit, 

Adramtthis ins., aa ial. of Lyda. 

ADKAMYTTiuM, pvius Pedasus, a fewn of 
JBoIis Asiatica, near the head of Adra- 
myttenus sin., 16 m. e. from Antandms. 
Named after Adramys, brother of Croesus, 
by whom it was greatly enlarged. It also 
received a colony of Athenians. The seat 
of a conventus juridicus. The birth-place 
of the orator Xenocles. Adramyn (Mer- 
cury) ^ws peculiarly venerated here. Edrt' 
mit. 

Adbana fl., a r. of the Chatti, rising in Ba- 
cenis Silya, and falling into the Visurgis, 
N. of Nueesium. Eder. 

Ad&ans m., I. a ridge of Cetins m. in Nori- 
cum, w. of Celeia. Trt^aner Berff; XL a 
town of Pannonia Sup., on tiie confines of 
Noricum, bet. Celeja and Ad PubUcanos 
(6). Dragemel? 

Adranum, a town of Sidly, on Adranus fl., 
near its junction with Cyamosums fl., 
N.w. of Jstna. Founded by Dionysins 
the Elder, and named after the god Ha- 
dranus. Ademo. 

Adranus fl., a r. of Sicily, rising in Ne- 
brodes m., and by its junction with Cya- 
mosurus fl. at Adrannm forming Symee- 
thus fl. 

Adra2*sa, I. a town of Bactria, e. of Bactra. 

II. of Hyrcania, s. of Socana fl. 
Adrastia, I. a fountain of Sicyonia. II. a 

district of Mysia, on Granicus fl., towards 
its mouth. III. (Adrastus), a town of 
Mysia, bet. Parium and Priapus. Built 
by Adrastus. 

Adria Elid., i. q. Andria. 

Adria, &c Vide Hadria, &e. 

AoRins. Vide Ardim. 

Adrus Ins., I. an isl. Clota, of Valentia, in 
Clota sestuar. II. Edrus, of Hibemia e. 

III. a r. of Lusitania, falling into the Anas, 
near Pax Augusta. 

Adryx, a maritime town of Sicily, e. bet. 

Acis and Catana. 
Aduatici. Vide Atuatici. 
AnuLA m., I. a generic name of Alpes BJise- 

ticae. II. a ridge of the Alpes Rhseticse, 

whence the Rhine flows. Mt, St, Go- 

thard. 
Adulis (Aduli portus), capital of the Adu- 

litse, Ethiopia, at the hesd of Adulitanus 

sin. The port of Axume. Zulla. 
Adulit^, a tribe of Troglodytse, on the 

Red Sea, w. bet. the Ck>lobi and the Aba- 

lise. 
Adulitanus sin., a gulf of the Red Sea, w. 

of Adulis, bet. Orine Chersonesus and Co- 

lobanorum prom« 



Adullam , I. a town of Judaea, 10 m. e. 
from Eleutheropolis. A royal dty of the 
Canaanites. II. a cavern on the borders 
of the Dead Sea, 6 m. s.w. of Bethlehem* 
in the side of a ravine, now called Wady 
Khureitum. David's place of refuge. 

AouMMiM, a pass on the borders of Judah 
and Benjamin, bet. Jerusalem and Jericho. 
In&imous from the many murders com- 
mitted th«re by robb^rsr The scene Of 
the parable of the good Samaritan. * 

Adunas fl., a r» of Susiana, fidting into the 
Eulseus. 

Adunicatbs, I. a peq^ of Gallia Narbo- 
nenas, oontigooua to the Nemanturi. 
II. tiidr dty. Aiglun, 

Adurni portus, a port of the Regni, Brit- 
tania, bet. Anderida and Trisanton fl. 

Adtlisus m., m. of Boeotia, towards Thebse. 

AdyrmachiDwS, a people of Libya, extend- 
ing from the Nile to Catabathmus, or, 
according to Herodotus, to Pleunos. 

JSa, I. a town of Colchis, on Phasis fl., above 
Phasis (15). The reputed birth-place of 
Medea. Probably identical with Male. 
II. fons, a fountain of Amydon, in Am- 
phaxitis Macedonia. 

JS^Ls. ins., probably one of the jEgates ins., 
Sicily. 

.£ane, a town of Elymea, Macedon, on 
Haliacmon fl., n.e. of Phylace. Founded 
by .£anus, s. of Elymas the T3rrrhenian. 
Vanitehes, 

.^anteum, the tomb of Ajax, on the coast 
of Mysia, near Rhoeteum. Iniepe, 

Maut prom., the headland n.w. at the en- 
trance of Heroopolitanus sin. 

JBantis, a tribe or ward of Attica, named 
after Ajax, son of Telamon. 

j^ANTiuM prom., a headland of Magnesia, 
Thessaly, at tiie e. entrance of Pagasseus 
sin., over against Pteleum. C. Trikeri ; 

a voio. 

^AS fl. (Aous), a r. of Illyria, rising in 

Lacmon m., and falling into the Adriatic 

at Apollonia. Voioussa. 
^BALiA, a name of Tarentum. 
JEbvdm (Hebrides), islands of Caledonia, 

N.w. Hebrides, 
iEsuRA (Libdra, ^pora, Apora), a town 

of the Carpetani, s.w. of Toletum. Ct<- 

erva. 
JEcjEy a town of Apulia, on Via Eg- 

natia, bet. Equus Tuticus and Ad Pirum. 

lYoia. 
^chilenses, a maritime people of Sardinia, 

N. of Tyrsus fl., towards its mouth. 
^cuLANUM (^clanum), a town of the Hir- 

pini, on Via Appia, 13 m. s.e. from Bene- 

ventum. Le Grotte^ near Mirabella. 



^DE 



16 



JEGl 



.£depsus, a town of Euboea, on Opnntius 
siniu, oyer against Halse in Locris (15), with 
warm springs, sacred to Hercules. Dipso. 

^DiMus sin., a bay of the Mediterranean at 
Loryma) Caria. 

^DONius m., a m. of Thrace, whence the 
term iEdonius for Thracian. 

Adonis ins. (.£donia, Sidonia), an island of 
Marmarica, off Batrachos. 

iEjivi (Hedni, jtEdussi), an Insubrian people 
of Lugdunensis I., on the confines of Aqui- 
tania I., bet the Ldger and the Arar fi., n. 
of the Seqnani ; the earliest allies of Rome 
in Gaul. Departments of Saone et LoirCt 
NievrCi and a portion of CSte d*Or. 

JEqm (Agsea), I. a town of Achaia Propria, 
on Crathis fl. near its source ; extinct in 
Strabo's time. II. of ^tolia, i. q. ^gitium. 
III. of .^lolis Asiat., or, accordhig to 
Ptolemy, of Lydia, e.n.e. of Temnus. 
Cassaba. IV. of Cilida Campestris, where 
Apollonius Tyanseus studied under Eux- 
«nes. AjaS'Cala (Castle of Ajax), V. 
Edessa, postea Bodina, capital of Ema- 
thia and metropolis of Macedonia, until 
the seat of royalty was transferred to 
Pella ; then the place of sepulture for the 
Macedonian princes ; on A^trseus fl., bet. 
Cellse (28) and Pella (28) on the Egnatia 

' Yia ; called iEgse, because a flock of goats 
indicated the site to its founder Caranus. 
Vodina. VI. of Euboea, on Opuntius sin., 
s. of iEdepsus. According to Strabo, this 
town gave name to the .^Egean. Akio. 
VII. of the Locri Opuntii. VIII. of 
Mauritania. IX. (Meloboteria), of Pallene 
in Macedonia, on Toronaicus sin., s.w. of 
Mecybema. X. of Syria, under Amanus 
m. XI. Augese, of Laconia, 3^ m. n. 
from Gythium. 

Mqmk, Pieri^, i. q. Agassse. 

j£6Ei£ ins., is. of Ionia. 

Mqmvis. mare, the portion of the Mediter- 
ranean bounded n. by Macedonia and 
Thrace, w. by Greece, and e. by Asia 
Minor. Named from .^Egse, Euboea; or 
from .^Ex ins. ; or from the resemblance of 
its islands to a herd of goats ; or from its 
sudden squalls (aigis); or from ^gia, 
queen of the Amazons, drowned in it ; or 
from .^Egaeus, father of Theseus, also 
drowned in it. Archipelago (Aigaion- 
Pelagos), jEgean. 

JEqjevs m., a summit of Dicte m., e. of 
Lyctus, where was the cave in which 
Jupiter was fed by the bees. 

.^SoALEUS m., I. a hill of Attica, n.w. of 
Athens, whence Xerxes viewed the battle 
of Salamis. Skaramanga, II. of Messe- 
nia, overlooking Pylos. Agio Elio, 



^GARA, Lydia (iEolis), 1. q. Mga. 
JSgates ins., ^Eguades, ^gusse, three isl. 
(Hiera, Budna, and ^gusa) on the w. 
coast of Sicily, n.w. of lalybseum prom., 
the locality of the termination of the first 
Punic war ; and, in Virgil, of the loss of 
Anchises. 

JSgeis, award of Attica, named after ^geus, 
father of Theseus. 

.^GELEON, a town of the Malienses Paralii, 
Thessaly, near Larissa Cremaste. 

JSgesta (Acesta, Segeste), a town of Sicily, 
s.E. of Eryx, named after its founder 
jEgestus, of Troy ; called Segeste by the 
Romans, to avoid the indelicacy in their 
language of the term JSgesta (excrements). 
The locality, under ^milius Censorinus, 
of the story of a brazen horse, similar to 
that of the brazen bull of Perillus. Near 
Barbara, 

^gestanum emporium, the port of JSgesta, 
at the mouth of the Simois. Castel a 
' mare, 

JSgetini, the people of Azetium or Netium, 
Peucetia. 

JSgiale, a town of Amorgos ins., on the w. 
coast. Porto Sanf Anna, 

^GiALEES, a Pelasgic tribe, the first settlers 
of Achaia, in Peloponnesus, who, with their 
Ionian fellow-colonists, were expelled by 
Acheeans from Laconia, under Tisamenius, 
son of Orestes, circa 1104 b.c. 

^GiALUS, I. capital of ^gialus. Paphlagonia, 
74 ™* E* from Cytorus. II. the coast of 
Paphlagonia, extending 12 m. w. from 
Carambis prom. 

^gIda, postea Justinopolis, a town of His- 
tria, on Tergestinus sin., e. of Caprca, at 
the mouth of Formio fl., on an island con- 
nected with the continent by a bridge. 
Capo d*Jstria, 

^Bgidiorum ins., an island of India L Gan- 
gem, w. of Taprobane. 

^GiDis ins., the isl. of Histria, on which 
iBgida stood. 

^GiLA, a town of Laconia. 

^gilia, a demus' of Attica, of the tribe 
Antiochis, on Saronicus sin., s. of Lam- 
pra ; famous for its figs. Named after the 
hero ^gilus. Elimbos, 

i^GiLiA ins. (^gile), I. an isl. of Euboea, 
opposite Cynosura prom., in Attica. 
Stouri. II. of Laconia, 15 m. s.e. from 
Cythera. Cerigotto, 

^GiLiPS Ithacse, i. q. ./Egireus. 

^GiLiUM ins., Etrurise, i. q. Igilium. 

jEgilodes sinus, a bay of the JBgean, in 
Laconia, at ^gUa. 

.^EgIlon, the Greek name of Capraria ins. 

iEGiMuuus ins. (^Egimorus), an isl. of Zeu- 



^GI 



17 



^LI 



gitana, at the s. entrance of Carthaginensis 
sin., 30 m. from Carthage. It gradually 
saii]^ all but two peaks, odled Arse, which 
were adopted by the Romans and Cartha- 
ginians as the boundary of their respectiye 
empire. Galeiia, 

JEGii^Af I. prius JEno&t ^none, ^nopia, 
an isl. of Argolis, in Saronicus sin., 20 m. 
s.'w. from Athens ; re-named after JSgina, 
mother of .£acus. Its inhabitants were 
called Myrmidones, " ants," from their 
extreme application to agriculture and 
their thrift. They were the first people 
who coined silver money, hence called 
^ginseum. Enghia, II. its capital, on 
the N.w. coast. Built by .^Eacus. 

^GiNETES fl., I. a r. of Paphlagonia, falling 
into the Euxine at ^ginetes. II. a port 
of the Heneti, Paphlagonia, 20 m. e. from 
Aboniteichos. Ginuc, 

^GiNiuM, a town of Estiseotis, Thessaly, on 
Peneus fl., n.w. of Phaloria. Stagous ; 
Kalabachi. 

iBciPLANCTUs m., a hill of Megaris, one of 
j£neus' range. 

iBciRA, prima Hyperesia, one of the Twelve 
Cities of Achaia, on Corinthiacus sin., 
\\ m. from the sea, n.w. of Pellene. With 
an oracle, whose priests derived their in- 

• spirations from bulls' blood. Named 
^gira after a flock of goats, the ingenious 
use of which saved the town from an assault 
of the lonians. Bloubonki. 

JEgium portus, the harbour of iEgira, 
Achaia, 1^ m. from the city. Mauro 
Lethari. 

iEoiREUs, a district of Ithaca ins. 

iBGiROESSA, one of the Twelve Cities of 
jiEolis Asiat., on the ^gean, over against 
Mitylene, n.e. Renovated by Attains 
Philadelphus, and named Attalia Agroira. 
Ajasmikevi, 

iBGiRus, a town of Lesbos ins., e. near Me- 
thjrmna. 

^GiRusA, a town of Megaris, near Tripo- 
discus. 

^Gissus (-^gypsus), a town of the Peudni, 
Mcesia, on the Danube, bet. Noviodunum 
and Ad Stoma. 

^gisthen^, vide iEgosthense. 

^GiTA, a town of Moesia Superior. 

JSgithallus igiT0XQ..f postea Acellus, I. a pr. 
of Sicily, w. above Lilybaeum prom. Capo 
di San Teodoro. II. a fortress of Sicily, 
at u¥^thallus prom. 

^GiTHARsus prom. Sic, i. q. ^githallus. 

.^oiTis, a fortress of Arcadia. 

JEgitium (MgB6)t a town of the Apodoti, 
iEtolia, under Corax m., e. 10 m. from the 
sea, N. of Tichium. 



^GiUM, one of the Twelve Cities of Achaia, 
near Corinthiacus sin., bet. Rhypae and 
Helioe. The early seat of the Achaean 
Council, and the place where Jupiter was 
suckled by a goat (whence the name). 
Vosiizza. 
^GLE, an early name of Syme ins. 

^GONEA (iEgone, Econia), a town of the 
Malienses, Thessaly, near Phalara. 

^GONiA, i. q. Itonia, in Pontus. 

^Gos potXmos, I. a stream of Cherson- 
nesus Thradus, falling into the Hellespont 
over against Lampsacus. II. a town of 
Chersonesus Thracius, at the mouth of 
^gos Potamos fl. The locality of the 
dedsive defeat of the Athenians by the 
Lacedaemonians. Galata, 

^GosTHENJB, I. a towu of Megaiis, on Al- 
cyonium mare, under Onseus m. e. of 
Pagse. Porto Germano. II. of Phods. 

iEGOSTis, a town of the Locri Opuntii. 

^GUSA ins., an isl. of Sicily, one of the 
jfEgates ins., s. of Budna. Perhaps the 
iEese of Homer. Favignana, 

JEgvsje ins., Sidl., i. q. .^Igates. 

^GYLLUS, a village of Bithynia, near Ni- 
comedia. 

^GYPTUs (" land of the Copts"), heb, Mits- 
raim, cophticCt Chami, '* dark-loam land," 
a country of Africa (by Herodotus con- 
sidered a country of itself, and by other 
writers assigned to Asia), bounded n. by 
the Mediterranean, s. by Ethiopia, w. by 
Libya, e. by Palestine, ijrabia Petrsea, and 
the Red Sea. It was divided into Inferior, 
extending from the sea to Memphis ; 
Middle, or Heptanomis, extending thence 
to s. of Hermopolis; and Superior, or 
Thebais, extending thence to Ethiopia at 
Hiera-Sycaminos. The original popula- 
tion appears to have been a Caucasian 
immigration from the n.e. Egypt, Misr, 

^GYS, a town of Laconia, on the borders of 
Messenia, n.w. of Belemina. ^gia 
Eirene, 

JEiLAiJA (Ailah, hebraice Eloth, Ailoth, Ai- 
lath, Elath), a town of the Nabathsei in 
Arabia, at the head (e.) of ^aniticus 
sin., one of the two ports by which 
Solomon traded with the East. Akaba, 

^LANiTicus sin., the e. termination of the 
Red Sea, extending from Hiocarum ins. to 
.£lana. Bahr el Akaba, 

MiAA, I. a town of Byzacene, bet. Teren- 
tum and Tysdrus, a colony from Zama. 
II. of Dada Medit., in Moesia Sup., bet. 
Pantalia and Sardica. III. Omitolina, a 
name given to Jerusalem by Adrian, after 
his own name, JSlius, and a temple of 
Jupiter Capitolinus erected by him there. 



.£LI 



18 



^PI 



IV. Castra, a town of the Ilergetes, Tarra- 
oonensis, on the Iherus, above Allobon. 

Mhii pons, a town of Maxima Csesariensis, 
Britannia, at Hadriani mums. 

AsLU, a town of the Sabsei, Arabia Felix, on 
the Red Sea, 16 m. s. from Pudnu. Lo- 
heia, 

Aelviones, Germanise, i. q. Helvioones. 

^MATJE, a town of Ulyricnm, s. of the 
Savus, below Ad Fines. Smiania, 

iBMATHiAS, i. q. Macedonia Prop. 

^MiLiANA, a town of Tarraconensis, towards 
the sources of the Anas. 

JSImines portus, a port of the Salyes, in Nar- 
bonensis II., bet. Massilia and Telo Mar- 
tins. Near Cassis. 

^MINIUM, a town of the Lusitani, on Munda 
fl., R., above Conimbrica (10). 

JEminius fl., Lttsitania, i. q. Munda. 

^MODJE. Vide Acmodse. 

JSmona (Emona), capital of the Latovid, 
Pannonia, bet. Nauportos and Adrans (25). 
Laybach. 

^Bmonia I. an early name of Macedonia. 
II. a town of the Potolatenses, Dada, 
s.E. of Zarmizegethusa. 

^XARE, an isl. of Asia Minor, towards 
Samos. 

^NARiA (Inarime, PithecQsa), an isl. of 
Campania, at the n.w. end of Cumanus 
sin., s.w. of Ptochyta. Ck)lonised by Ere- 
trians and Chalddians, but deserted on 
account of its volcanic eruptions, whence 
the identification of the island with Homer's 
Land of the Arimi, the locality of Ty- 
phoeus' torments. The island abounded 
with copper, whence its Latin name ; and 
with apes, whence its Tuscan and Greek 
names. Isehia, 

j£nba, I. a town sum. Nova, of Acamania, 
on the Achelous r., near ^nea Vetus. 
Trigardon. II. sum, Vetus, of Acamania, 
on &e Achelous r., 8^ m. from its mouth. 
Paloeo Caiouna, III. of Chalcidice, Ma- 
cedonia, on Thermaicus sinus, at .£neium 
prom., 15 m. s.w. from Thessalonica. 
Built by ^neas, in whose honour games 
and sacrifices were annually celebrated 
here. Panomi, IV, (Nea-come) of Mysia, 
on JSsepus fl., bet. Polichna and Palse- 
scepsis (6|). Noted for its silver mines, 
and for a temple of Minerva, around which 
the rain never £b1L Eskupi, V. an early 
name of Rome. 
.£neis, a ward or tribe of Atiiens, named 

after Maeaa, grandson of Cadmus. 
^NEiuH prom. (iEnelon), a pr. of Chald- 
dice, in Macedonia, on Thermaicus sinus, 
15 m. s.w. from Thessalonica. C. Pa- 
nomii 



^Bnesippas ins. (i£nesipasa), an isl. of 
Marmarica, off Apis. 

JSnesisphy (Ennesyphora), a port of the 
Zygritae, Marmarica, bet. Gerse and Syce. 

JSnianes (Enienes), a tribe of Pelasgi, who, 
from Dotius Campus in Magnesia, Thes- 
saly, settled for a time in Epirus, and 
then established themselves in ^niania. 

^Bniania, the country of the ^nianes, 
Thessaly, bounded s. by Phocis, Doris, and 
^tolia, N. by Dolopia, w. by Aperantia, 
e. by Maliensis. 

.£nianum sinus, Thessalise, i. q. Maliacus 
sinus. 

-<Ennum (^gypti), i. q. Philotera. 

^NON, a town, I. of Samaria, on the Jordan, 
8 m. S.E. from Bethsan. Here John bap- 
tized. II. of Trachonitis, Syria, 37 m. n. 
of Canatha. 

JEnona (Civitas Prasini), a town of Liburaia, 
on the Adriatic, n. of Jadera, opposite 
Cissa ins. Nona. 

^Nus fl., I. a r. of Thessaly, running by 
^nus. II. a town of Caria, e. of Rhodes. 

III. of the Locri Ozolse. IV. of Pelasgiotis, 
Thessaly, under Ossa m. 

iBNOS (Absynthus, ^rtu« Poltyobria),I. cap. 
of the Apsynthii, in Thrace, at the issue 
E. of Stentoris pains. AMitylenean colony 
anterior to the siege of Troy, enlarged hf 
^neas in honour of Polydorus, whose 
tomb stood here. Remarkable for its ex- 
treme cold. Eims. II. m., a m. of Ce- 
phaUenia. Monte Leone, 

^NYRA, a town of Thasos ins., on the e. 
coast, bet. Thasos and Csenyra. 

^OLi, a tribe of Thessalians who invaded 
^tolia, and, for a time, communicated 
their name to it. 

JSoLiA, i. q. Strongyle. 

MoiAm ins. (Vulcaniee, Hephsestiadcs, 
LipSrSae, Planctai ?), seven isl. of Sicily N., 
Lipari, Hiera, Strongyle, Didyme, Ericusa, 
Phcenicusa, Euonymus, q. v. The kingdom 
of tEoIus. 

^OLis, I. prius Curetis, postea ^tolia. II. a 
country of Asia Minor, extending along 
the JS^eaiif bet. Caicus fl. and Hermus fl. 
Settled circa 1124 B.C., by jiEolians from 
Thessaly. III. the early name of Thessaly. 

IV. a town of Phods, towards Panopea. 
^Solium mare (Mysium), the ^gean, on the 

coast of JEoUs Asiat. 
^PASiUM (Ehd), i. q. Hypeesia. 
-^PEA, I. a town of Crete. II. of Cypms, 

on Clarius fl., near Soli. III. of Messenia, 

the early name of Corone. IV. i. q. Thuria. 
iEpiATicus portus, a maritime town of the 

Menapii, in the Nervicanus pagus. Ouden- 

horg. 



^PO 



19 



MTR 



JSpolium, a -maritime town of Dada, bet. 

Tremniflcns and Neoptoleml tonis. 
^PT, a town of Messenia. 
JEqjjAj a village of Campania, on Cumanns 

sinus, E. of Surrentum. Equa. 
.£auANns Vicus, a town of Campania, 

near Surr^itum. Vico. 
^QUESiLiA, in Ptolemy, i. q. Aqnse Ce- 

lense. 
^aui (JSquTcSli), a tribe of Sabines in 

Latiom, bet. the Latini w., the Yolsci and 

Hemid s., the Marsi e., and the Sabini n. 

Noted lor their incessant guerilla warjhre 

against Rome. 
iEauiNOCTiuM, a town of the Boil, Pannonia, 

on the Danube, bet. Vindobona (14) and 

Camuntnm (14). Fischetmeni. 
JEojiva CoLONiA, a town of the Dalmates, 

Ill3^a, on Tilurus fl., above Tilurium, 

E.N.E. of Salona. 
iEauuM Falsicum, a town of Sabinium, on 

Tiberis fl., near Aqua Viva. 
JExKE, a town of Trachonitis, n.w. of Zara. 
iElRENOSii, a tribe of Celtiberi, contiguous 

to the Bargusii. 
^RETTCE, a district of Armenia Min. 
^RiA, a dty of the Vooontii, Viennensis, x. of 

Massilia. Auriac, near the Chdteau de 

Lers. 
.£ropus m., m. of Illyria, on the j£as fl., 

opposite Asnaus m. Monte Trebeeshna. 
^ROSA, a name of Cyprus, from the brass 

produced there. 
^SACus fl-, a r. of Troas, rising in Ida m. 
^SARis fl., i. q. Auser. 
^SARONENSES, a maritime port of Sardinia, 

bet. the Carenses n. and the Barbaridni s. 
.£sARUs fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 

Ionium mare at Crotona. Esaro. 
.£scuLAPii ins. (Tiberina), I. an isl. in the 

Tiber, at Rome, formed of the com thrown 

by the people into the* river from the 

Campus Martins, as having been sown by 

Tarquin. II. Hemus, a town of Phoenicia, 

bet. Berytus and Sidon. 
^SEPUS fl., a r. of Myda, rising in Colytus 

m., near the Scamander, and ftdling into 

Propontis e. of Granicus fl. Boklu. 
JBsERNiA, a town of the Caraceni, Samnium, 

on Via Numicia, bet. Aufldena (18) and 

Bovianum (12). hernia. 
^siCA, I. fl., a r. of Britain. II. a town of 

the Otadeni, Brit., on Hadrianus murus, 

N. bet. Amb(^lanna and Procolitia. The 

station of the Cohors Prima Asturum. 

Greatchester. 
.£sici, a people of An^ia Petrtea, towards 

Chaldsea, s. of the Caucabeni. 
^sis, I. a r. of Italy, rising in the Apen- 
nines, near Maliticai and, after dividing 



Umbria from Picenmn, falling into tiie 
Adriatic near Ancona. The ancient boun- 
dary, in this direction, of Gallia Cisalpina. 
Fiumenno. II. (iEsium), a town of tiie 
Senones, on JBsis fl., near its mouth, 
founded by Aisis, a Pelasgian hero, eirea 
1300 B.c< A colonia. lesi. 
^soN, I. a r. of Pieria, Macedonia, falling 
into the Leucus fl. at Pydna. II. (ifisonia), 
a town of Magnesia, Thessaly. 
^soNA, a town of the Lacetani, Tarra- 

conensis, w. of Setelsis. Isona. 
M&TKMi, a people of Macedonia, x.e.- of 

Peli^nia. 
^STR^UM (Astrsea, Asterion), capital of the 
iEstraei, Macedonia, on Pontus fl., above 
Bylazora. Vistrizza. 
^STRiEus fl., a r. of Bottiaea, falling into 

Axius fl. 
^STRiA ins., an isl. of Dalmatia, s. of 

Corcyra Nigra. 
^STUARiuM, the w. mouth of the Beetis. 
JEatymi (Hesti, jEstri), a people of Sarmatia 
Europ., on Codanus sinus, n. of the 
Venedi. 
^suLA (iEsulum, rectius ^senium), a town 
of the Latini, Latium, bet. Tibur and 
Prseneste. Extinct in Pliny's time. 
iEs'f me (CEsyme, postea Emathia), a town 
of the Pieres, Thrace, on Strymonicus 
sinus, opposite Thasos ins. Eski Ka- 
vala. 
^SYROS fl., a r. of Bithynia, falling into Pro- 
pontis towards Astacenus sinus. 
^THALIA, the Tyrrhenian name of Lemnos 

ins. and Ilva ins. 
^THALiDiE, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Leontis. 
jEthalceis fl. (Etheleus), a stream of Troas, 

falling into iEsepus fl. below Scepsis. 
^THEA, a town of Messenia, on the borders 

of Laconia. 
jEtheria (^thria, .^Iria), the andent name 
of Ethiopia, of Thasus, of Rhodes, of 
Cjrprus, of Crete, and of Thessaly. 
^THicES, a people of Thessaly, in the n.w. 
angle of Estiseotis, among whom the cen- 
taurs sought refuge. Extinct in the time 
of Strabo. 
^THioPE, the andent name of Lesbos. 
^THioPES Hespfrii, a tribe of ^thiopes, 
on the Atlantic, and extending inland, s. 
of the Darads. Sierra Leone, Gold 
Coast, Ivory Coast, Ashantee, Sfc. 
-Ethiopia, I. a country of Africa, bounded 
N. by Egypt, s. by Terra Incognita, w. by 
Libya Int., e. by Erythrsum mare. The 
term, indicating ** land of dark faces,'' was 
applied by several of the andent geo- 
graphers to ill the Tftfst^ «. «aA'«>. cn^Qas^x^K^k 



JE^TK 



20 



AGA 



of the world. Nubioy Sennaar, and part 
qf Abymnia. II. Egypti, i. q. Dodeca- 
Bchoenus. III. a district of Lydia, on the 
HylluSi whence Diana was entitled iEthio- 
pica. 

^THiopici m.y a range of hills w. of the 
Nile. 

^THiopicus sinns, the Erythrseum mare, on 
the coast of JBthiopia. 

^TNA, I. a volcanic m. of Sicily, on the e. 
coast, bet. Tauromenium and Catana. 
MongibellOj Etna* II. prius Inessa, a 
town of Sicily, towards the base of ^tna m., 
8. bet. Centuripee and Catana. Castrd. 

.£toli, a people of Elis, who, under ^tolus, 
son of Endymion, invaded Curetis and gave 
their name to it. 

.£tolia, I. prius Curetis, a country of Grsecia 
E., Peloponnesum, bounded n. by Epirus, 
s. by Corinthiocus sinus, w. by Epirus 
and Acamania, e. by Doris and Locris. 
It was divided into jEtolia Antiqua, ex- 
tending along the coast from Achelous fl. 
to Calydon, and inland up to Stratus ; and 
iBtolia Epict€tus (" acquired''), the inland 
portion from about Stratos, n., to the Locri 
Ozolse, E. Made a province of Rome 146 
B.C. Vlahia, II. a town of Laconia. 

.£tortnchu8 prom., a pr. of Bithynia, on 
Bosporus Thracius. Named from its re- 
semblance to an eagle's beak. 

iExuATii (iEtuates), a people of Maxima 
Sequanorum, on the Rhine. 

^TULANA, a district of Armenia Minor N. 

iETUS, I. an early name of the Nile. II. 
a r. of Scythia, which by its overflow 
destroyed the gardens of one Prometheus, 
whence the fitble of his liver being con- 
sumed by an eagle. 

Msi (^gos) prom., a pr. of .^lis Asiat., on 
the JEgean, bet. Chios and Tenedos. 
Named, from its supposed resemblance to 
8 goat. 

.£xoNE, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Cecropis, on Saronicus sinus, opposite 
Hydrusa ins. Noted for mullets. The 
people were proverbial as slanderers. 
Axaona, 

iEzANi (Azani), a dty of Phrygia Epictetus, 
on Rhyndacus fl., near its source. Founded 
by ^en, son of Tantalus. JJaudere 
Hiasar. 

Afflianus m., a hill e. of the Tiber, whence 
the Aqua Claudia flowed. 

Africa, I. Grace Libya, one of the three 
great ancient partes of the world ; bounded 
N. by the Mediterranean, w. and s. by the 
Athmtic, E. by Indicus ooeanus and Ery- 
thraeum mare. Named either from the 
Greek term indicatiiig ** without cold/' or 



from a Phoenician word implying fertility. 

II. PROPRIA (Yetus Carthaginiensis), a 
maritime region of Africa, bet. Tusca fl. 
and Syrtis Minor; afterwards a Roman 
province, bet. Ampsagus fl. and Arse Phi- 
laenorum. It comprised Byzacena, Tin- 
gitana, and Tripolitana. Tunis and parts 
of Tripoli, 

Agalassa, a town of the Caspirse Ind., on 

Acesines fl., L., above its junction with 

Hydaspes fl. 
Agalingus fl., a r. of Sarmatia Europaea, 

falling into Sagaris fl. above Istrianorum 

portus. 
Agamanana, a town of Mesopotamia, on 

the Euphrates, s. of Haditha. Kahem. 
Agamath^b, a people of Sarmatia Asiat'., on 

Mseotis palus. 
Agame^ a district of Tenesis, Ethiopia, 

s.w. of Adulis. 
Agamede, a town of Lesbos, near Pyrrha. 

Extinct in Pliny's time. 
Agamia, a town of Troas, on a headland s. 

of Sigseum. The scene of the rescue of 

Hesione by Hercules. 
Agamzaga (Agamzua), a town of Media. 
Aganagara, I. a town of the ^arundse, 

Ind., on the Ganges, bet Orcophanta and 

Talarga. II. of the Sindi, Ind., on Magnus 

sinus N.w. 
Aganippe fons, a fountain of Boeotia, on 

Helicon m. Sacred to the Muses. 
Agantei, a people of Sarmatia Asiat., on 

the Tanais. 
Agara, I. a town of India i. Gangem, 

on Agaricus sinus. II. of the Philitse, in 

India i. Gangem, on Jomanes fl. Agra. 

III. of Susiana Cissia, on the Choaspes, 
s.w. of Susa. IV. of Susiana Melitene, 
on the Tigris, above Araca. 

Agari, a town of Byzacene, 16 m. from 

Thapsus. 
Agariabjs, a town of Syrtica regio, bet. 

Augarmi and Tamalleni turris, w. of 

Zucliis. 
Agaricus sinus, a bay of Ind. oceanus, 

bet. India i. Gangem s.e., and Taprobane 

N.w. 

Agarum prom., a pr. of Sarmatia E., on 

Palus Mseotis, near the mouth of Agarus 

fl., opposite Heraclea Taurica. Fetodowa. 
Agarus fl., a r. of Sarmatia E., falling into 

Palus Mseotis near Agarum prom. Berda, 
AGASSiB (.^gsea, Agessus), a town of Pieria, 

Macedonia, bet. Beraea and Bala. Near 

Cojani. 
AgXsus portus, a port of Daunia, Apulia, 

under Garganus m., n.e. of Sipontum. 

Perhaps the Apenestse of Ptolemy. Porto 

Greco, 



A6A 



21 



AGO 



Agatha, I. a town of the Yolcse Arecomicse, 
in Narbonensis I., at the month of the 
Arauris fl. Founded by the Phocseans 
circa 630 B.C. Agde, II. ins., an isl. of 
Narbonensb I., off Agatha. III. of Lycia. 

Agathartus prom., the n.w. prom, of 
Sicily, at Cetaria. 

Agathoclis I. ins., two isl. in Indicus 
oceanus, s. of the Red Sea. II. tnrris, a 
fortress of Zeugitana, 30 m. s.w. of 
Utica. 

Agathopolis, i. q. Aranra. 

Agathonis ins., an isl. of Dodecaschoenus, 
in the Red Sea, s.e. of Berenice. 

Agathos DiEMON, I. the w. branch of the 
Nile, from above Letopolis, to the point 
where it divides into the Canopic and fiol- 
^ bitic branches, below Naacratis. II. an 
isl. of India e. Gangemj n.w. of Sindse 
ins. Nieobar ? 

Agathyrna (Agath3rrsa, Agathyrsum), a 
maritime town of Sicily, n. bet. Tyndaris 
and Aluntiom. Built circa 1100 b.c. by 
Agathymus, son of -^olus. Near Sanf 
Agata. 

Agathtrsi, apeoplefrom Sarmatia Europsea, 
N.w. of the Neuri, who migrated to Cen- 
tral Dacia, in Carpathus m., towards the 
source of Mariscus fl. 

Agau (Agava), a town of Ethiopia, towards 
the source of Astaboras fl. Noted for its 
great fairs. 

Ac A VI, a people of Scythia, of simple life, 
subsisting chiefly on mares' milk. 

Agazaca, a town under Parapomisus m. 

Agazzari, atribeofVenedi, Germania. The 
same with the Chazarii. 

Agbatana, the more correct form of Ecba- 
tana. 

Agbia, a town of Zeugitana, bet. Musti 
and Tionica. 

Agdanitis, a maritime district of Carmania, 
bet. Rudiane w., and Corius fl. e. 

Agdistis m. Gralatiae, i. q. Dindymus. 

Agedi, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, on 
Mteotis palus. 

Agelgcum (Segelocum, Adelocum), a town 
of the Coritani, Brit., bet. Danum and 
Lindum (14). Near Littleborough, 

Agendicum (Agedincum, Agedicum), poatea 
Senones, capital of the Senones, Lugd. IV., 
on Icauna fl. , bet. Condate (21) and Clanum 
(26). Seru. 

Ager camere, a district of Bruttium, on 
Crathis fl., towards its mouth. 

Agesinates, I. a tribe of Pictones, in Aqui- 
tania II. Archdeaconry of Aisenai, II. 
their capital. Lusignan, 

•Agdan, a town of Cyrenaica, bet. Maranthis 
and Echinos* 



Aggar (Aggersel), I. a town of Byzacene, 
bet. Manange and Aque Regiae. II. of 
Gsetulia, on Tritonis pal., w. of Puteus. 

III. Nepte, of Libya Int., w. of Thusari. 

IV. of Zeugitana, bet. Mediocera and 
Ulesippira. 

Agidan A ins. (Oaracta), an isl. of Carmania, 

in Persicus sinus, bet. Tarsias prom, and 

Organains., opposite the mouth of Corius 

fl. 
Agimothra, a town of the Bari, Ind., on 

Serus fl., above Tomara. 
Agina, a town of Iberia, on Arazes fl., above 

Vasanda. 
Aginis, a town of Susiana Cissia, on Euheus 

fl. The Beth Zaper of Scripture. ^Aurar. 
Aginnum, capital of the Nitiobriges, Aquita- 

nia II., on Garumna fl., R., bet. Exdsum 

(20) and Lactora. Agen. 
Agiria, a town of the Edetani, Tarraconen- 

sis, s.s.E. of Bilbilis. 
Agisymba, the name given by Ptolemy to 

the Terra Incognita of Africa, under the 

Equator. 
Agma, a town of the Bagi-Getuli, libya^ 
. bet. Augemmi and Ausilindum. 
Agmanisphe, a port of the Homeritae, 

Arabia Felix, e. of Arabis Fel. Emporium. 
Agna fl., a r. of Mauritania Tingit., falling 

into the Atlantic s. of Ussadium prom. 
Agnavis, a town of the Potulatenses, 14 m. 

S.E. from Tihiscus. Kertschina. 
Agni Cornu prom., a pr. of Egypt, near 

Bolbiticum Ostium. 
Agnion, a port of Crete, bet. Tretus prom* 

(6|) andCisamus (11). 
Agnotes, I. a maritime people of Aquitania 

II., bet. the Pictones and the Santones. 

District ofAck, II. their capital. Aber^ 

Ack. 
Agnus, a demus of Attica, of the tribe Acs* 

mantis, near Pallene. 
Agooe, a town of Ethiopia. 
Agones, I. ap, Ptolem., i. q. Euganes. II. 

a town of Gallia Transpadana, towards 

Novaria. Agonale. 
Agonida ins., an isl. of Bsetica w., one 

day's saU S.E. from the mouth of the 

Anas. 
Ag5ra, a town of Thradus Chersonesus, bet. 

Aphrodisias and Callipolis, on the Egnatia 

Via. Malagra, 
Agoranis fl., a r. of India i. Gang. 

rising near the Ganges, and joining that 

river ^ m. w. from Patna. Sagrd; or, 

accordiing to Mannert, Gowrah, 
Agoresus, a town of Caria ; an Argive set- 
tlement. 
AooRET^, a port of Sarmatia As., on Var- 

danes fl. 



AGO 



23 



ALA 



A00RB.A, Susiana, i. q. Aginis. 

Agradatas a,, Persia, L q. Cynu. 

Ao&iB, a village of Attica, on the Ilissiu fl., 
near Athens. 

AoiLSi (Agrine), I. a people of Acamania, 
an ^toOan tribe, originally independent, 
occupying both sides of Achelous fl., s. of 
Amphilochia. II. of Arabia Deserta, i. q. 
HagarenL 

Agrais, capital of the Agrsei, Acamania, e. 
of Argos AmphilochuB. Agriada, 

Agranum, a town of Babylonia, on one of 
the canals of the Euphrates ; it was 
destroyed by the Persians or Partiiians. 

Agraulb (Agrule), I. Inferior, a demus of 
Attica, of the tribe Erectheis, near Athens, 
8.E., where the court called Ardettus was 
held. II. Superior, a demus of Attica, of 
the tribe Erectheis, s.e. of Agraule Infe- 
rior, under Hymettus m. 

AGRAvoNiTiE, a people of Illyria. 

Agrbdicum, a town of the Senones, Lugdu- 
nensis IV., s.e. of Melodunum. 

Agremones, a town of iEtolia. 

Agri, a people of Sarmatia As., e. of the 
Zichi. Decumates, a district of Ger- 
mania Magna, the original seat of the Mar- 
comanni, extending mto VindeUcia, granted 
on the tenure of paying a tithe of t^e pro- 
duce to the Gauls who attended in the 
Boman tram after the expulsion of the 
Marcomanni. 

Agriane, a town of Pontus, bet. Simos and 
Ibora. 

Agrianes, I. fl., postea Ergina, a r. of 
Thrace, rising in Hsemus m. and falling 
into Hebrus fl., below the mouth of Ar- 
tiscns fl. Ergene. II. a people of Paeonia, 
Macedonia, under Scordus m. 

Agriasp^, vide Ariaspie. 

AorIgentum (Acr&gas), a dty of Sicily, on 
Acragas fl., near its confluence with Hypsa 
fl., 3 m. from the sea. Built by the Ge- 
lenses, b.c. 581. The capital of Phalaris. 
The birth-place of Empedodes. Girgentu 

Agrilium, a town of Bitiiynia, on Sangarius 
fl., bet. Nicea (24) and Dorilseum (35). 
Vizirkhan, 

Agrinium, a town of the Agrsei, ^tolia 
Epictetus, N.w. of Thermon. Vrachori. 

Agriomelus fl., i q. Sperdiins. 

Agriophagi, I. a people of Ethiopia. II. 
of India e. Gangem. 

Agriopium, a place on Molods fl., in Boeotia, 
towards Platese. 

Agrippensis, a town of Bithynia. 

AoRiPPiNBNSis C!oLONLA (Civltas Agrippi- 
nensium), a dty of the Ubii, in Gonumia 
II., on iH/b Rhme, L., bet. Novesinm (24) 
and Bonna (16). Cologne, 



Agrippensis (Agrippias), the name given to 

Anthedon, Jud., when rebuilt by Herod. 
Agritium, a town of Bithynia, s.w. of Tot- 

taium. Belidjek. 
Agrium, a town on the n. coast of Crete, 

4 m. E. of Rithymna. Ario. 
Agri z ALA, a town of the Tectosages, in 

Galatia. 
Agrospi, a town of Ethiopia, on the Nile. 
Agroira (Alloira), a name of Attalia, in 

Lydia. 
AosTANiTis, a district of Sophene,Armen., on 

Nymphius fl., bet. Tigranocerta and Amida. 

Aghdsunikh. 
Agubeni, a people of Arabia Deserta, w. of 

the Roabeni. 
Aguntum (Aguntus), a town of the Ambi- 

dravi, in Rhietia, near the source of Dravus 

fl., bet. littanum (23) and Loncium (18). 

Innichen. 
Agylljb, Etruria, the andent name of 

Caere. 
Agyrium, a town of Sidly, bet. Centuripse 

and Assorus ; the birth-place of Diodorus 

Siculus. Near San Filippo d*Agiro. 
Ah AY A fl., a r. of Assyria, of uncertain 

position, on whidi Ezra assembled the 

returning Jews. 
Ai (Aiath, Aija), a town of Ephraim, 5 m. e. 

of Bethel, tiie scene of Joshua's defeat and 

subsequent victory. Deir Diwan. 
AiAS m. (iEas), a prom, of Thebais, on the 

Red S^ s. of Philotera. 
All, a maritime port of India i. Gangem, 

about Coltiara. 
AiLA (Ailath), Arabia, i. q. JEisna, 
AiN, a town of Judsea, and afterwards of 

Simeon, x.NiW. of Arad. 
AiopOLis, Babylon, i. q. Is. 
AiSACUs fl. (Atagis), a r. of Rhsetia, which, 

after its junction with the Byrrhus, falls 

into the Athesis. 
AisuMAi m., m. of Asia, a ridge of Masius 

m., w. of Izala m. 
Ajalon, I. a valley of Dan, bet. Jerusalem 

and Ekron, the scene of Joshua's miracle. 

Merj ibn Omeir, II. a town in the 

cognominal valley, 2 m. n.e. from Nico- 

Solis. Yah. III. a town of Zebulun, the 
urial-place of Elon. IV. a town of Juda. 
Akrabbi, a town of Samaria, s.e. of Si- 

diem. 
Akrabbim (Maaleh Akrabbim), a pass in the 

mountains of Akrabattene, Judaea. 
Ala I. (Halah), Mesopotamia, i. q. Aluana. 

II. Flayiana, i. q. Yindobona. III. 

NoYA, a town of the Boii, Pannon., bet. 

.^quinoctium and Camuntum. 
Alabanoa, a dtyof Caria, n. of Stratonicea, 

bet two hills, '' like an ass with a pack- 



ALA 



23 



ALA 



saddle :** traditionally founded by the hero 
Alabandus ; noted for its dark marble, and 
named, as the term imports, from some 
great " horse-victory." The seat of a 
Conventas Jurid. Arahi-hitsar, 

Alabastron (AlabastropoHs), a town of 
Heptanonus, n.e. of Cynopolis. Noted 
for its alabaster works. 

Alabastrus fl., a r. of ^Eolis Asiat., rising 
in Ida m. and £[illing into Adramyttenus 
sin. 

Alabastrites m. (Alabastrmus), a ridge of 
Arabid m., s.e. of AlabastropoHs, named 
from its alabaster quarries. Gebii el Kalil. 

Alabus fl. (Alabon), a r. of Sicily, falling 
into Siculum mare at Megara, bet. Xypho- 
nia and Thapsus. Cantaro, 

Ajub, a town of Cilicia Campestris, w. of 
Pyramns fl. 

Almnvs fl., i. q. Alaunns. 

Aljesa (Halesa), a maritime town of Sicily, 
X. bet. Calacta and Cephaloedium. Built 
by Arconides, of Herbita, 403 B.C. Near 
it was a fountain that seemed to dance at 
the sound of a flute. 

Al^sus fl. (Halesus), a r. of Sicily, foiling 
into Tyrrhenum mare at Alsesa. Pit- 
tineo, 

Alagma, a town of Osrhoene, on Bellas fl., 
bet. Comisimbela and Ichnse. 

Alagonia, a town of Messenia, 4 m. n.e. 
from Gerenia. 

Alajl£u ins. (Aliseu), islands of the Adu- 
litse, in the Red Sea, off Adulis. (Panis, 
Macaria.) 

dALLALCOMENiS (Alcomense), I. a town of As- 
teris ins., or, according to Plutarch, of 
Ithaca ins. Named after Alalcomenes, 
foster-father of Minerva. II. of Boeotia, 
on the s.w. bank of Copals lac., w. of 
Haliartus, 4 m. from Ocalea. Sacred to 
Minerva, hence sumamed Alalcomeneis. 
Near SulinarH, 

Alalcomenia fons, a fountain of Arcadia, 
N. of Mantina. 

AlXlia, i. q. Corsica, the Phoenician name 
of Aleria. 

Alalis, a town of Palmyrene, on the Eu- 
phrates, s.w. of Sura. Elamora, 

Alamata, a town of Palmyrene, on the 
Euphrates, bet. Zenobia and Thapsacus. 

Alambateron (Alambatis) prom., a pr. of 
Gedrosia, bet. Casia pr. and DaranabiUa, 
at the e. extremity of Paragon sin. 

Alamons (Alabon, Alapuntis), a town of the 
Caturiges, Narbonensis II., on Dmentia 
fl., R., between Vapincum (17) and Segus- 
tero (16). Monestier d*Allamont. 

Alamus, I. a town of Albania As., n.w. of 
Albana. II. Babylonia, L q. Olabus. 



Alander fl., a r. of Phrygia Magna, rising 
near Bendos, and fkUing into Sangarius 
fl. N.E. of Dorylaeum. Al Hour. 

Alani (Alauni), I. a people of Albania 
As., S.E. of Leg«. II. mons, a m. of 
Scythia extra Imaum, n. 

Alanorsi, a people of Scythia i. Imanm, 
towards the Alani. 

Alanton, a town of the Yarduli, Tanaco- 
nensis, 9 m. s.w. of Pompelo. 

Alapta, a town of Chalcidice, Macedonia, 
near Stagira. 

Alapuntis. Vide Alamons. 

Alara fl., a r. of Germania Mag., rising in 
MeUbocus m., and felling into Visurgis 
fl. below Tuliphurdum. 

Alarnassus. Vide Abassus. 

Alasi, a town of the Garamantes, Africa. 

Alata, I. a town of the Labeatse, lUyria, 
on Barbana fl., n. of Birziminum. II. of 
the Lseceni, Arabia, w. of Itamus port. 

[Alata castra (Castrum Puellarum) a for- 
tress of the Damnii, 2 m. from lindum. 
Edinburgh,'] 

Alaterya, a town of the Damnii, on Bodo- 
tria sestoar., 5 m. w. of Lindnm. Cra- 
mond. 

Alatis, a town of Palmyrene, on the Eu- 
phrates, bet. Sura and Attis. 

Alatrium, a town of the Hemid, Latium, 
E. of Ferentinum, on the borders of Sabi- 
nium. A munidp. and colonia. Alatri, 

Alauna, ^ a town of the Damnii, Brit., at 
Seven murus, bet. Coria and Lindum. 
II. of the Osismii, Lugdun^isis II., n.e. 
of Coriallum (14). AJleaume, near Va- 
iogne. III. of the Unelli, Lugdunensis III., 
N.E. of Crodaconum. 

Alauni, a tribe of Boii, Noricum, bet. Stiria 
fl. and CEnus fl., s. of the Levaces. 

Alauni UM, a town of the Salyes, Narbo- 
nensis II., bet. Segustero (24) and Apta 
Juha. Passage of the Lauzon at Mont 
Lours. 

Alaunus fl. I. a r. of Britain, falling into 
the German Ocean n. of Yedra fl., the 
N. limit of Yalentia and Maxima Csesari- 
ensis. Aln. II. of the Regni, falling into 
the sea wl of Yectis ins. III. of the 
Durotriges, Britannia, falling into the sea 
w. of the preceding. Brit. lY. m., m. of 
Sarmatia, e., towards Tanais fl., n.n.w. of 
Meeotis palus. 

Alazia, capital of the Alazones, Bithyxda, 
near the junction of the Macestus and 
Rhyndacos. 

Alazones, I. a town of Sarmatia Eu- 
ropeea, on both sides of H3np>^is ^*r to- 
wards its mouth. II. of Bithynia, on 
Rhyndacisfl. 



ALA 



24 



ALB 



Alazonius Am I> a r. of Tarraconensis, 1. q. 
Clodianus. II. of Albania, falling into Cy- 
rus fl. aboye Osica. Aloson ; Alacks. 

Alba, I. a town of the Oretani, Tarraconen- 
sis, N.N.E. of Laccuris. II. Augusta, i. q. 
Alba Helviorom. III. Docilia, of the 
Ingauni, Liguria, bet. Vicns Virginis (13) 
and Ad Navalia (13), on the Via Anrelia. 
Albizzola. IV. Fucentia, of the Marsi, 
Sabinium, near the n.w. extremity of Fu- 
censis lac., bet. Carseoli (24) and Mami- 
bium (13), on Via Valeria. A colonia 
304 B.C. Its citadel was used by the 
Roman senate as a state prison. I m. 
from Alba, V. Helyiorum (Alba Au- 
gusta), capital of the Helvii, in Narbonen- 
sis, near the Rhone, n. of Senomagus. 
Aps: Apt, VI. Julia, a later name of 
Apulum, Dacia, from the G3rula family. 
VII. LoNGA, of the Latini, Latium, 20 m. 
s.E. from Rome, on Albanus m., over- 
looking the E. shore of Albanus lac. A 
Siculian town, successively occupied by 
Aborigines and Pelasgi. Destroyed by 
Tullus Hostilius. Traditionally founded by 
Ascanius, and named from the white sow 
of -/Eneas. Palazzolo, VIII. Pompeia, 
of the Statielli, Liguria, on Tanarus fl., 
bet Pollentia (35) and Hasta (16). A 
municip., named after Sextus Pompeius. 
The birth-place of Pertinax. Alba, 

Albacus m., a m. of Caria. 

Albana, capital of Albania Asmt., on the 
Caspian, n. of Albanus fl. Darubandi, 

Albani, I. a people of lUyria, bet. the Par- 
theni and the Penestse, n.w. of Lychnitis 
palus. II. a tribe of Massagetae, occupy- 
ing Albania Asiatica. 

Albania, I. a country of Asia, bounded n. 
by Sarmatia Asiatica, at Csesius fl., s. by 
Armenia Major, at Cyrus fl., w. by Iberia 
and Armenia Maj., e. by the Caspian. 
Daghisian and Lazestan, II. a town of 
Adiabene, Assyria, e. of Hatra. Halvan, 

Albania portee (pylse), defiles in Caucasus 
m., leading from Iberia into the maritime 
portion of Albania, s.w. of Albana. Pass 
ofDerbend, 

Albanopolis, capital of the Albani, in Illy- 
ria. Croia, 

Albanum, a town of Latium, on the w. 
shore of Albanus lacus, n. of Arida. Al' 
bono, 

Albanus, I. a r. of Albania, falling into the 
Caspian n. of Cyrus fl. Bilbana, II. a 
lake of Latium, at Alba Longa, occupying 
the crater of an extinct volcano. Its waters, 
which threatened to submerge the adjacent 
country, were partially carried off by an 
artificial canal, a mile and a half long, 



cut through the solid rock, still extant at 
Castel Gandolfi. X. d'Albano, III. (Al- 
bius), a ridge of m. intersecting Illyria, 
from Alpes Carnicse to Scordus m. IV. 
a m. of Latium, overlooking Alba Longa. 
Sacred to Jupiter Latialis. Here were 
celebrated the Ferise Latinse, and the tri- 
umphs of many of the Roman generals. 
Monte Cavo, 

Albi ANA, a town at the s. extremity of Cor- 
sica, below Palla. 

Albianum, a town of the Genauni, Rhsetia, 
near CEnus fl., 38 m. e. from Veldidena. 
Seebaueti. 

Albiga (Albix), a town of the Ruteni, 
Aquitania I., on Tamis fl., w.s.w. of Con- 
datomagus. Alby. 

Albin, " high land," a name of Caledonia. 

Albingaunium (Albium Ingaunum), ca- 
pital of the Ingauni, in Liguria, on the Via 
Aiu*elia, bet. Lollupice (8) and Lucus Bor- 
manni (15), on the Ligusticus siu. AU 
benga, 

Albinia (Almina) fl., a r. of Etruria, rising 
n. of Satumia, and falling into Inferum 
mare s. of Telamon (4). Albegna. 

Albiniana, a town of the Frisii, Germ., on 
the Rhine, bet. Lugdunum (10 e.) and 
Trajectum. Alphen. 

Albintemelium (Albium Intemelium), ca- 
pital of the Intemeli, in Liguria, near the 
mouth of Rutuba fl., on the Via Aurelia, 
bet. Costa Balense (16) and Lumo (6). 
Vintimille, 

Albiceci (Albid), postea Reii, I. a people of 
Narbonensis II., contiguous to the Me* 
mini, in the mountains n.e. of Massilia. 
II. their earlier capitid. Albiosc, 

Albion ins., Britannia, I. an isl. of the 
Atlantic, bet. Gallia and Hibernia. Peopled 
by various immigrations from the con- 
tinent. Chreat Britain. II. Inferior, a 
division of Albion, comprehending Maxima 
Caesariensis and Valentia. III. Superior, 
a division of Albion, comprehending Bri- 
tannia I., Flavia Caesariensis, and Britan- 
nia II. IV. Ulterior (Albion Borealis, 
Albion Barbara), a division of Albion, com- 
prehending the countries of the Pictones, 
or Vecturiones, Caledonii, Attacottae, and 
Horestae. 

Albis fl. (Elfa), a r. of Germania Magna, 
rising in Asciburgius m., near Strevinta, 
and fidling into Germanicus oc. n. of 
Visurgis fl. Elbe, 

Albocenses, a people of Dacia, on the 
Danube, bet. Tibiscus fl. and the Sal- 
denses. 

Albona, a town of Libumia, on Flanaticus 
sin., N.w. bet. Flanona and Nesactium. 



ALB 



25 



ALE 



Albonica, a town of the Edetani, Tarra- 

oonens.| e. of Lutia. 
Albucella (Arbucala), a town of the Vac- 

csei, Tarracon., bet. Pontia and Amallo- 

briga. Villa Fasila. 
Albula, I. the old Latin name of the Tiber. 

II. a town of Mauritania Csesar., bet. Ad 

Rubras and Ad Dracones, s.e. of Siga. 
Albulates fl., a r. of Picennm, falling into 

the Adriatic n. of Cupra. Vibrata, 
Album prom., I. a pr. of Palestine, marking 

the s. termination of Phoenicia, above 

Alexandrosoense. II. littus of Marma- 

rica. 
Albunea nemus et fons, a grove and foun- 
tain of Latium, near Tibur. 
Alburnus m., a ridge of m. in Lucuiia, 

bet. Tanager fl. and Calor fl. Albumo ; 

Monte di Postiglione. 
Albus portus, I. a port of Arabia, i. q. 

Jamnia. II. of Beetica, w. of Calpe. 

Algesiras, 
Alcathoe, an appellation of Megara Nissea, 

from Alcathous, s. of Pelops. 
Aloe, a town of theCarpetani,Tarraconens., 

near the Anas, w.s.w. of Munda. 
Alces, a r. of Bithynia. 
Alcimedon campus, a plain of Arcadia, 4 m. 

w. from Mantinea. 
Alcimunnis (Alcimoenis), a town of Oer- 

mania Magna, on Alois fl., at its junction 

with the Danube. 
Aloimus prom., the w. extremity of Muny- 

chium prom, at Athens. The burial-place 

of Themistocles. 
Alois fl., a r. of Germania Magna, falling 

into the Danube at Alcimunnis. 
Alcomen^, a town of Pelagonia Deuriopis, 

in Macedonia, on Erigonus fl., below Brya- 

nium. 
Alconis opp. et ins. Vide Alonis. 
Alcyonia palus, a pool of Argolis, near 

Lema, of depth reputed unfathomable, 

through which Bacchus descended in 

search of Semele. 
Alcyonium mare, the Corinthiacus sin., bet. 

Boeotia, Megaris, and Corinthia. 
Alea, I. a town of Arcadia, 2^ m. w. from 

Tegea. II. of Thessaly. III. of the Vet- 
tones, Lusitania, s. of Lacipea. 
Alebus fl., a r. of Tarraconensis, falling 
into Illicitanus sin. bet. Acra Leuce s. 
and Artemisium prom. n. 
Alsisium (Alesiseum), a town of Pisatis, 
Elis, bet. Olympia and Elis, on Aleisius 
fl., near Amphidoli« Noted for a great 
monthly fair. 
Aleisius fl.» a r. of Pisatis, falling into 

Alpheus fl. S.8.E. of Salmone. 
Alxius campufly the district of Cilicia Cam- 



pestris, bet. Saras and Pyramus fl. The 
death-place of Bellerophon. 
Alele, a dty of Libya, on Ger fl. Helel. 
Aleos fl., a r. of Ionia, felling into Ery- 
thrseus sin. at Erythrse. Its water pro- 
moted the growth of hfiir. 
Alemanni, a people of Germania Magna, 
at first bet. the Rhine, the Danube, and 
the Msenus ; afterwards extending to the 
Alps. The descendants of a tribe of them, 
settled by Theodoric in Venetia, n. of 
Verona, still retain almost entirely the 
language and manners of their ancestors. 
Aleria, I. a town of the Biturges Cubi, 
Aquitania II., on Audria fl., bet. Argan- 
tomagus (21) and Avaricum (40). St, 
Vincent d^Ardentes. II. prius Alalia, of 
Corsica, at the mouth of Rhotanus fl. 
A Phocsean settlement. A colonia. Ale' 
ria. 
Alesia (Alexia), capital of the Mandubii, 
Lugdunensis I., n.e. of Aballo, tradition- 
ally built by Hercules. Memorable for 
its siege by Ciesar. Alise ; Sainte JReine, 
on Mt, Auxois. 
Alesijs, a town of Laconia, on Eurotas fl., 

above Amyclse. 
Alesium m., a m. of Arcadia, at Mantinea. 
Aletium, a town of the Salentini, in Japy- 
gia, bet. Uxentum (12) and Neretum (10), 
N.w. of Japygium prom. A munidpium. 
Santa Maria delta Lizza. 
Aletum, a maritiifte town of the Curiosolites, 
Lugdunensis III., w. of Ingena. On Cape 
Guich Alet, near St. Malo. 
Aleus, a village of Cos ins. 
Alex fl., a r. of Bruttium, separating the 
Regini from the Locrenses, and fsdling 
into the sea at Peripolium. 
Alexandra m., a summit of Ida m., over- 
looking Antandros. The immediate scene 
of the Judgment of Paris (Alexandres). 
Alexandri, I. ARiE, altars placed by Pto- 
lemy in Sarmatia, under Riphsei m., and 
fabulously attributed by him to Alexander 
the Great. II. ColumnwS, cdlumns erect- 
ed in honour of Alexander, in Sarmatia 
A., under Hippid m., e. III. Diversa- 
RiUM, a caravanserai near Leontecephale, 
in Phiygia. IV. ins., Persia, i. q. Arad^ 
Alexandria, I. (Alexandriopolis), the later 
capital of Arachosia, on Arachotus fl., 
near Gundava. II. Ariana, of Aria, on 
Anus fl., N. of Artasana. Pulki. 111. prius 
Racotis (the No of Scripture), a town of 
Egypt, on the coast, s.w. of Canopus (12). 
Rebuilt by Dinocrates, at the command 
of Alexander, 332 B.C. Skanderiky Alex^ 
andria, IV. of Drangiana, on Etyman- 
drufl fl., above its moixiXV. N* ^i ^^« 



ALE 



26 



ALL 



drosia, i. q. Ora. VI. of India i. Gangem, at 
the junction of the Indus and Hyphasis. 

VII. sumamed Sogdiana, of Inctia, on 
the Indus, below Alexandria ad Hyphasin. 

VIII. postea Antiochia, of Margiana, on 
Margus fl., e. of Apairartice. Destroyed 
by the barbarims and rebuilt by Antiochus, 
8on of Seleucus, and named by him Antio- 
chia. Mawri; Schah Ljehan, IX. of the 
Orsipi, Bactria, under Pan^misus m., 
bet. Saragana and Ortospana, on Dargo- 
manes fl. X. of Mysia, i. q. Antandrus. 
XI. of Oxiana, s. of Maracanda, on Oxus 
fl., s.w. of Alexandria Ultima. XII. sur- 
named ad Issum, of Cilida, on Issicus sin., 
16 m. s. from Baise. Built by Alexander 
in memory of the battle of Issus. Scan- 
deroon; Alessandretta. XIII. 8umamed 
ad Latmum, of Caria, towards Latmos m. 
XIV. «umamedf Ultima (Alexandroschata), 
of Sogdiana, on Jaxartes fl., towards its 
source. Built by Alexander. Near Khod- 
jend. XV. SusiANiB, vide Charax. XVI. 
gumamed Troas, pritis Antigonia, a mari- 
time city of Troas, s. of Sigteum. Built 
by Antigonus, enlarged by Lysimachus. 
Under Rome a colonia. It was hence 
St. Paul and St. Luke sailed for Mace- 
donia ; and it was here that St. Pietul re- 
stored Eutychus to life. The birth-place 
of Hegesianax, of Histisea, and of Hege- 
mon. Eski StambouL 

AlexandrYopolis (Sauloe), a town of Par- 
thia-Siracene, n.e. of Hecatompylos. 

Alexandrium, a town of Acrabbatene, Sa- 
maria, e.n.e. of Silo. Built by Alexander 
Jannseus. Kuryzeb, 

Alexandrosoenje, a maritime town of 
Galilsea Superior, bet. Album prom, and 
Achzib. 

Alexia, i. q. Alesia. 

AxGiE, a maritime town of Etruria, on Via 
Aurelia, bet. Centumcellse (3) and Rapio 
(3). Torre Nuovo. 

AlgTdum, a town of the JEqvdf Latium, 16 
m. s.e. of Rome, on the Via Latina. 
Rocca del Papa, 

Algidus m., a range of hills in Latium, e. 
of Albanus m. 

Aliassus, a town of the Trocmi, Galatia, on 
the Halys, L., N. of Aspona (18). 

Alibaca, a town of the Pentapolis, Cyre- 
naica, s.e. of Berenice. 

Alicanum (Heclitanum,recftt<9Raclinatum), 
a town of Pannonia Superior, on Murus fl., 
40 m. s.w. from Sabaria. Szerdahely, 

Alicodra, a town of Bactriana, w. of Qxus 
fl. 

Aligomabi fons, a sacred stream and foun- 
tain of Lydisi running near Mossine. 



Alii, a town of Phrygia. 

AxiLiEi (Hevila), a people of Arabia Fdiz, 

on the Red Sea, bet. the Cinaedocolpits 
and the Cassanitae. Named from the god- 
dess Alilat (Urania). Haiti. 
Alimala, Lycise, i. q. Amelas. 
Alimne, Lydse, L q. Amelas. 
Alimus, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Leontis, near Colias prom., 4^ m. s.i. 

from Athens. The birthplace of Thucy- 

dides. Mysta. 
Alina ins., an isl. of Caria, off Crya. 
Alinda, a town of Caria, bet. Stratonioea 

and Cosimia. Aleirui. 
ALiNDiEA (Calindaea), a town of Mygdonia, 

in Macedonia, on Axius fl., s.e. of Ido- 

mene. 
Alinza (Orosa), a town of Media, e. of 

Nazada. Near Talvar. 
Aliphera, a town of Arcadia, on the con- 
fines of Triphyha, 8.w. of Melaense. Nero- 

vitza. 
Alisarna (Elisame, Haliseme), a town of 

Mysia, near Pergamum. 
Alisca, a town of Valeria, Pannonia, ^ m. 

S.E. from Ala Nova. Szexard. 
Alitrope, i. q. Alope, Thessal. 
Alisincum, a town of the i£dui, Lugdunen- 

sis I., w. of Augustodunum. Anizy le 

Grand. 
Aliso, I. a r. of the Bructeri Majores, 

Germania, falling into Lupia fl., R., at 

Aliso. II. (Tropeea Drusi), a town of the 

Bructeri Majores, Germania, on Aliso fl., 

at its junction with Lupia fl. Built by 

Drusus. lAsbom. 
Alista, a maritime Tillage of Corsica, 5 m. 

w. from Graniacum prom. Torre Salen^ 

zara. 
Alistus, a town of the Vinmi, Germania, s. 

of Laciburgium. Near Schwerin. 
Alisum, a town of the Usipetes, Germania, 

on the Rhine, below Asciburgium. Wesel. 
Alitrophagi, a people of Serica. 
Alium, a town of Acroria, Elis, n.w. of 

Thraustus. 
Allan, a town of Mesopotamia, on the 

Euphrates, bet Basilia and Contra Bir- 

tha. 
Allarea, a town of Crete. 
Allarodii, Pontus, i. q. Chalybes. 
Allava fl. I. (Alba, .^laba), a r. of Sicily, 

rising in Cratas m. and falling into Africum 

pelagus E. of Thermae Selinuntiae. Callata 

Bellota. II. a town of Sicily, on Allaya fl., 

L., towards its mouth, 12 m. fi^m Cena. 

Ribera. 
All A VON A (Allabone), a town of the Her- 

getes, Tarraconensis, 16 m. n.w. from 

Csesarea Augusta. Alayon, 



ALL 



27 



ALP 



Allia fl., a r. of Sabinium, rising near No- 
mentum and finlling into the Tibar about 
11 m. above Rome. The locality of the 
defeat of the Romans by Brennus, b.c. 
390. Aia. 

Alli ANA, I. Regio, a district of Gallia Cisal- 
pina, bet. the Fiidus and Tidnus fl. Noted 
for a wool called Retorina. About Rebbio. 
II. a town of the Lsevi, Gallia Transpa- 
dana, N. of Laumellum. 

Allieni Forum, postea Fomm Arrii, a town 
of the Lingones, Gi&llia Cisalpina, on Yo- 
luta fl., N.w. of Spina. Ferrara, 

AjjLiFJEt a town of the Pentri, Samnium, on 
Via Numida, bet. Ebritiana (9) and Se- 
pinnm (16). Here was a manufactory of 
large dnnking-cups. A coL of the trium- 
virs. AUtfe, 

Allingos, a town of Crete. 

Allobroges, a people of Narbonensis, bet. 
the Rhodanus and the Isura fl. Depart' 
ments of Drome, Isere et Mt. Blanc, and 
Lemon, TV. 

Allosrogta, postea Sabaudia, the country 
of the Allobroges. 

Allostnga, a maritime town of the Calingse 
Ind.y at the e. mouth of Tyndis fl. 

Allotriges, a town of Tarraconensis, n. 

Alma fl., a rivulet of Etruria, faUing into 
Inferum m., bet. Prile fl. (19) and Scabris 
portus (6). 

Almana, a town of Pelagonia, in Macedonia, 
on Alius fl., above Europus. Graditka. 

Almath, Almon, L q. BahurinL. 

Almia, a town of the Siracae, Sarmatia As., 
under Corax m., 8. of Euriapa. 

Almina fl., Etruria, i. q. Albinia. 

Almo fl., a stream rising near Bovillse, and 
£ftUing into the Tiber near Rome. Almone, 
Aquatacio. 

Almodath, a district of Aralna Felix, par- 
tially in the Desert, subsequently occupied 
by the Alumeotse. 

Almon (Almonia)^ the early name of Minya, 
in Thessaly. 

Almon Diblathaim, one of the stations of 
the Israelites on their way from Mount 
Hor. 

Almopbia, I. Macedonia, generally. II. the 
country of the Almopes. 

Almopes, a tribe of Pseonians, on Erigonus 
fl., towards its source. Anterior of date 
to the conquests of the Temenidae ; named 
after the giant Almgps. 

Almus fl., I. a r. of Moesia Superior, falling 
into the Danube at Almus. II. a m. of 
Pftnnonia, on the Danube, towards Sir- 
mium, on which Probus planted the first 
vine in Germany. III. a town of the 
Moesi, Mcesia Siwpanar, on the Danube, 



bet. Remetodia and Pomodiana, at the 
mouth, R., of Almus fl. 

Aloci^ ins., three isl. of Germania Magna^ 
ofl* Cimbrica Chersonesus. 

Aloium, a town of Thessaly, near Tempe. 

Alone, I. a town of the Brigantes, Brit.^ 
s.E. of Glanaventa* The station of the 
Cohors Tertia Nerviorum. Ambleside. 
II. the Contestani, Tarraconensis, w, of 
Luoentum, near the mouth of Tader fl. 
A Massilian settlement. Torre di Sali- 
nas. 

Aloni, a people of Adiabene, As83rria, on 
Caprus fl. 

Alonianum, a town of Byxacene, bet. Cerva 
and Thala. 

Alonis, I. (Alconis) an isl. on the coast 
of Narbonensis Il.y over against Alconis. 
He de la Foumigue. II. a maritime town 
of the Verucini, Narbonensis II., bet. 
Heradea Caccabaria and Olbia. At Pointe 
des Gourdons, 

Alonta fl. (Alonda), a r. of the Alontse, 
Sarmatia, felling into the Caspian, n. of 
Tehieba. Terek. 

ALONTifi (Olondse), a people of Sarmatia 
As., on the Caspian, about Alonta fl. 

Alontigecelt, a town of the Turtetani, 
Bietica, bet. Iluro s.w. and Aratispi n. 

Alopb, I. a town of the Locri Opuntii, on 
Opnntius sin., bet. Daphnus and Cynus ; 
II. of Pontus, the birth-place of the Amazon 
Pfenthesilea. 

Alopece, I. (Alopecia, Atech) an isl. of Sar- 
matia Asiat., 12 m. w. from the e. mouth 
of the Tanais. II. a demus of Attica, of 
the tribe Antiochis, n. of H3^ettus m., 
IJ m. from Athens, the birth-place of 
Socrates and Aristides. 

Alopeconnesus, an ^EoHan town of Cher- 
sonnesus Thracius, on Melas sin., opposite 
Imbros ins. Famous for its truffles. 
AlejH. 

Alopes, the early name of Ephesus. 

Alorus, a town of Bottisea, Macedonia, on 
Thermaicus sin., at the mouth of HaUac- 
mon fl. Near Kapsoehori. 

Alos (Hales), sumamed Phthioticum or 
Achaicum, a town of Phthiotis, in Thes- 
saly, bet. Phylace and Demetrium, on 
Amphrysas fl., near its mouth. Founded 
by Athamas. 

Alostigi, a town of the Turtetani, Bsetica^ 
bet. Silia n.w. and Carruca b. 

Alostu, a maritime town of Taurica Cher- 
sonnesus, s.E. bet. Lampas and Lagyra. 

Alpeni (AlpSnas, Alponus), a town of the 
Locri Epicnemidii, on Maliacus sin., s. of 
Thermopylae. 

Alfxs m.y I. a chaiiL cl m. wsigivn^i&%\^s^ 



ALP 



28 ALT 



from Gaul and Germany, extending in a 
semicircle of 600 m. from above Vada 
Sabbatia to Flanaticus sin. The yarious 
ridges, in total extent about 1000 m., were 
distributed by Augustus into Alpes Car- 
nicae, A. Cottise, A. Graiae, A. Maritimse, 
A. NoricsB, A. Penninse, A. Rhsetise. The 
word Pen is Celtic for " high." II. Bas- 
TARNic^, i. q. Alpes Carpatae. III. Car- 
NIC2E, i. q. Julise. IV, Carpatje, the n.e. 
range, in the country of the Carpi. Kra- 
pak. Carpathian m. V. Cotti^, the 
range above Alpes Maritimae, separating 
the Garoceli and Yagienni of Gallia Cisal- 
pina from Gallia Narbonensis. Named 
after Cottius, the client of Augustus. Cot' 
tian Alps, Mt. Genevre. VI. GRAiiS, 
the range above Alpes Cottiae, separating 
Gallia Cisalpina from Narbonensis. It 
was by one of its defiles that Hannibal 
passed into Italy. Graian Alps, Little St. 
Bernard. VII. idem, a province of Nar- 
bonensis, extending above Alpes Graiae m. 
Valais and Savoy. VIII. Juli^ (Cami- 
cae), the range of Alps on the n. confine of 
Histria, terminating in Albius m. Car- 
nischen A Ipen. IX. Leponti m (Summae) , 
the range separating the Lepontii of 
Rhaetia from Helvetia. Mt. St. Gothard. 

X. MARiTiMiE, the range bet. Nicaea and 
Vesulus m. M. di Tenda. Maritime A. 

XI. idem, a province of Narbonensis 
II., extending above Alpes Maritimae m. 
Nice and Dauphiny E, XII. NoRiCiE, 
the range in Noricum separating the Am- 
bisontii from the Alauni, extending to the 
head of Plavis fl. Norischen Alpen. No- 
ric Alps. XIII. Pennine (Paenae), the 
range separating the Veragri of Gallia 
Narbonensis from the Salassi of Gallia 
Cisalpina ; extending from Summus Pen- 

. ninus to the sources of Rhodanus and 
Rhenus fi. Great St. Bernard. XIV. 
RHiETiCiS (Tridentinae), the range sepa- 
rating the Cotuantii of Rhaetia from the 
Brixentii. Mt. Brenner. XV. Summjb, 
i. q. Alpes Lepontiae. XVI. Tridentin^, 
i. q. Alpes Rhaetiae. 

Alpesa, a town of the Celtici, Lusitania, 
N.w. of Pax Augusta. 

Alph£us fl., a r. of Elis, rising 1 1 m. from 
Asea. Near its source it is joined by 
Eurotas fl., with which it runs for above 
three miles; they then enter a subter- 

. raneous channel, and emerge, the Eurotas 
near Bilmina in Laconia, the Alpheus near 
MegalopoUs. The Alpheus falls into the 
Cyparissius sin. at Litrine ; but the poets 
feign that, from love for the nymph Are- 
thussy it paases under the sea and rises in 



Sicily at Arethusa fons. Its waters were 
considered good for leprosy. Towards its 
source, Karilena; after its reappearance, 
Rofea. 

Alpis Maritima, capital of Alpes MaritimK, 
bet. AlbintemeUum (9) and Cemenelium 
(9). Ndtre Dame de Bon Voyage, 

Alp5nis, a m. and town of Macedonia or 
Thessaly, 

Alsa, I. a r. of the Cami, Venetia, felling 
into the Adriatic bet. Varanus fl. and 
Aquileia. The death-place of Constantine. 
Ausa, II. a port of the Cami, at the 
mouth of Alsa fl. Ausa. 

Alsadamus m., m. of Decapolis, s.e., sepa- 
rating it from Arabia Deserta. 

Alsietinus lacus, a lake of Etruria, formed 
by Alsium fl. Lago di Martignano. 

Alsium, a maritime town of Etruria, on Via 
Aurelia, bet. Bibiana (6) and Pyrgi (10). 
Stattia. 

Alsuga, Venetiae, i. q. Ausugum. 

Alta ripa, I. a pr. of the Meretae, Britt., N. 
of Vara aestuar. II. a town of Valeria, 
Pannon., on the Danube, 18 m. from Los- 
sonium. Tolna. III. of the Vangiones, 
Germania I., on the Rhine, bet. Barbeto- 
magus and Noviomagus. Altrip. 

Altaba, a town of Numidia, bet. Justis and 

. Thebeste. 

Altanum, a town of Bruttium, on Locrensis 
sin., bet. Locri and Scylla, on Via Tn* 
jana. 

Alternia, a town of the Celtiberi, Tarra- 
conensis, bet. Characa n.w., and Valentia 
s.e. 

Altha, a town of Messene Inferior, Babyl., 
w.s.w. of Charax. 

Alth^a (Carteia), postea Urcesa, capital 
of the Olcades, Tarraconensis, n.w. of 
Consabrum. The population was removed 
by Hannibal to Africa. Orgaz, 

A1.TIAIA, postea Alteium, a town of the 
Treveri, near the Rhine, n.w. of Barbeto- 
magus. Altzheim ; Eltz. 

Altiburus (Altuburus), a town of Byzacene» 

bet. Mutia and Atteserra. 
Altina, a town of Pannonia I., on Savus fl., 

bet. Bassiana (12) and Singidunum (8). 
Altinum, I. a town of Valeria, Pannonia^ 
22 m. s.w. from Ad Statuas. Czektso, 
II. of the Veneti, Venetia, on Silis fl., 
R., near its mouth, bet. Ad Nonum (9) 
and Sanos (12), on Via jEmilia. Noted 
for its wool. The death-place of L. Anto- 
nius Verus. Altino. 
Altis, the sacred grove of Olympia, in Elis ; 

the burial-place of Pelops. 
Altus, a fortress of Amphaxitis, in Mace- 
donia, near Thessalonica. 



ALU 



29 



AMA 



Aluaca, a town of Assyria, on Lycos fl., 

towards its source. 
Aluana (Ala), a town of Ganzonitis, Meso- 
potamia, on Chaborrus fl., w. of Sin- 
gara. 
Aluia, a town of Corsica, on Cirddius fl., 

R., above Tarabenorum Vicus. 
Alumeot^, a people of Arabia Felix, n. of 
the Sophanitse, in the district previously 
called Almodath. 
AxuNTiUM (Haluntium), a maritime town of 
Sicily N., at the mouth of the Chydas fl. 
Built circa 1 100 b.c. San Filadelfo, 
Aluta fl., postea Tausis, a r. of Dada, 
rising in Carpathus m. n. of Praetona 
Augusta, and falling into the Danube over 
against Anasamus. Alt^ Olt. 
AxuTBA, a town of the Euganei, in GaUia 

Transpadana, n.e. of Brixia. 
AxvEA, I. a town of Corsica, n.e. from the 
moutii of Liamon fl. Vico, II. of the 
Vaccsei, Taraconensis, e.s.e. of Sentica. 
AxTUM (Histria), i. q. Albona. 
Alyatta, I. a town of Bithynia, towards 
Pessinus. II. of Fhrygia, towards Ca- 
ballus. 
Altbes, i. q. Chalybes. 
AxYBE, Mysise, probably ^nea. 
Alychme (Lycise), i. q. Amilas. 
Altcus fl., a r. of Sicily, falling into the sea 

bet. Gela and Camarina. Vrillo, 
Altdda (Attalyda), a town of Phrygia 
Epictetus, bet. Acmonia (25) and Phila- 
delphia. 
AxYT, a town of Lower Egjrpt, on the Nile, 

R., bet. Thimonepsus and Hipponon. 
AxYSis m., a m. of Crete, whence Jupiter 

was named Alysius. 
Alyssus fons, a fountain of Arcadia, near 
Cynsetha. Reputed, as the name imports, 
to cure hydrophobia. 
Alyzia (Leuxia), a town of Acamania, on 
the w. coast, 2 m. from the sea, 15 m. 
N.E. from Leucas. ^lias. 
Am ADOCA, capital of the Amadoci, Sarmatia, 

on the Borysthenes, above Sarum. 
Amadoci, a people of Sarmatia Europsea, 

about Amadoca. 
Amadocus lac., I. a lake of the Amadoci, 
Sarmatia Europaea, n.w. of Niossum, 
whence issued the n.e. source of the 
Borysthenes. II. m., m. of Sarmatia 
Europsea, separating the Amadoci from the 
Navari. 
AmjBa, a town of the Vettones, Lusitania, on 

Arda fl., above Interamnesia. 
Amagetobriga (Magetobria), a town of the 
Sequani, in Maxima Sequanorum, n.w. of 
Yisontio. The locality of the defeat of 
Axiovistos. Aspnage, 



Amalchium mare, " frozen sea ;" the Greek 
name of Borealis oceanus. 

Amalekit^, a nomadic people, bet. Pales- 
tine and Egypt. Of date long anterior to 
the Amalek from whom some authors 
describe them to be descendants ; they 
were finally exterminated by David. 

Amallobriga, a town of the Vaccsei, 
Tarraconensis, e.n.e. of Nardinium. 3fe- 
dina, 

Amamassus, a maritime town of Cyprus. 

Am AN A, I. a peak of Hermon m., whence 
issues Amana (Abana) fl. II. a r., i. q. 
Abana. 

Amandra, a district of India, on the Indus. 

Amanic^ portae (Amanides pylae), a defile of 
Cilicia Campestris, in Amanus m., n. of 
Cilicise pylae, by which Darius passed from 
Syria into Cilicia, prior to the battle of 
Issus, on the same night that Alexander 
passed from CiUda into Syria by the Cilidae 
pyle. Demir'Capi, 

Amanienses Cilic, i. q. Eleutherocilices. 

Amantia, lUyria, i. q. Abantia. 

Amantini (Amantes), a people of Pannonia 
Inferior, e. of the Boii, n. of the Aravisd. 

Amanus I. m., a ridge of Taurus, extending 
s.E. from about Melitene, bet. Cilicia and 
Syi^a, to the Mediterranean at Rhossicus 
scopulus. Monte Negro, Al Ltican. 
II. portus, the early name of Flaviobriga. 

Amara, a maritime town of Arabia Felix, 
N. of Didymi prom. 

Amardi (Mardi, ''plunderers''), I. a people 
of Media, bet. Amardus fl. s., and Jasomus 
m. w. of the Cadusii. II. on the Caspian, 
bet. the Anariacse and Hyrcania. 

Amardus fl., a r. of Media, rising in Nisei 
Campi, and falling into the Caspian s. of 
Cyropolis ; it separates Media Atrobatene 
from Media Magna. Sejid Rud. 

Am ARES, a people of Bactriana, s. of the 
Scordi. 

Amari lac., several lakes or ponds of pecu- 
liarly bitter water, near Arsinoe (Suez). 
Amarispi, a people of Bactria, under Para- 

pomisus m., s.w. of the Drepsiani. 
Amarusa (Marusia), a town of Hyrcania. 

Bistam. 
Amarynthus, a town of Euboea, 1 m. from. 
Eretria. Noted for its annual festivals in 
honour of Diana. 
Amasenus fl., a r. of Latium, one of the 
streams which formed the Pomptinse Pa- 
ludes. 
Amasia, I. a dty of Pontus, on Iris fl., below 
Sebastopolis ; under Rome, the metropolis 
of Pontus. The birth-place of Strabo. 
Anuuieh. II. Germania. Vide Amisia. 
Amassi, a people of Sarm«ti8^oTiL^^'^vDdB&, 



AMA 



30 



AME 



Amastoros, a town of Cyienaica, at Dre- 
panum prom. 

Amastris (blbistram), prki9 Sesamus, capital 
of Paphlagonia, on a peninsola, 11| m. e. 
from Partiienios fl. A Milesian settle- 
ment, enlarged and renamed by Amastris, 
queen of Heradea. Anuuera, 

Amathus, I. capital of Cyprus, on the s. 
coast, E. of Curium. Sacred to Adonis 
and the bearded Venus. A colony from 
Hamath, Syria. The people were said to 
grow homed. Near lAmaaol. II. He- 
braice Betharamathon, a town of Gad, 
Galeaditis, 22 m. s. from Pella. Anuitah, 
III. (Psamathus), of Laconia, atTseparum 
prom. Porto QuoffUo. IV. (Pamisus), 
postea Mamaus, a r. of Triphylia^ Ells, 
near Pylus. 

All ATHU8IA, an early name of Cyprus. 

Amaxa, a town of Bithynia. 

Amaxia, a port of Cilicia Trachea, e. of 
Syedra. Its district, noted for its cedar 
timber, was given by Mark Antony to 
Cleopatra. 

Amazones, a fabulous confederation of 
women, variously placed in Scythia, Asia 
Minor, &c. 

Amazonius, I. a surname of Thermodon fl., 
Pontus. II. of Paryadres m., Pontus. 

Ambacia, a town of the Turones, Lugdu- 
nenris III., near Csesarodunum. Am- 
boise. 

Ambarri (Ambiari), a people of Lugdunen- 
sis I., on the Arar, s. of the Sequani, sup- 
posed by some antiquaries to be cognate 
with the Umbri of Italy, and with the 
Ambrones. About Amberrieux. 

Ambast^, a people of India e. Grangem, 
about the mouth of Ambastus (Lanos) fl. 

Ambastus fl. Indiae, i. q. Lanos. 

Ambe, a port of the Alilxi, Arabia Felix, on 
the Red Sea, bet. Badea and Mamala. 

Ambiani, I. a maritime people of Belgicall., 
bounded n. by the Morini, s. by ^e Cal- 
leti and Bellovaces, e. by the Veromandni. 
Dept, qf Somme. II. prius Samarobriva, 
their capital, on Samara fl., R., n.w. of 
Augusta Veromanduorum. AmieTts. 

Ambitarinus vicus (Ambiatinus vicns), a 
town of the Treveri, in Grermania II., on 
the Rhine, bet. Conflnentes and Bonto- 
brica. Near Reuse. 

Ambidravi, a people of Noricum, on Dra- 
. vus fl., towards its sonroe. 

Ambiliates, a people of Armorica, contigu- 
ous to the Biducesii. About Lamballe, 

Ambiliati, a tribe of Ambiani, Gallia. 
About Abbeville. 

Ambilatri, a tribe of Pictones, Aqnitania, 
. n,it. of Limoimm. About CkateUerauit* 



Ambilici, a people of Noricum, bet. the 

Dravus and the Savus fl. 
Ambisuntbs (Ambisontii), a people of 

Noricum, towards Alpes Noricse. Valley 

of the Boita. 
Ambitui, a people of Galatia, of uncertain 

position, said to have been a colony of 

Ambiani from Gaul. 
Ambivaretes, I. a people of Germania, be- 
tween the Scaldis and the Mosa, on Am- 

blava fl. 
Amblada, a town of Pisidia, towards An- 

tiochia. Noted for a peculiar medicinal 

wine. 
Amblava, I. a r. of the Ambivaretes, Gallia, 

f&lling into one of the tributaries of the 

Mosa. Ambleve. II. their capital, on 

Amblava fl. Amblet. 
Amboglanna, a town of the Otadeni, 

Britannia, on Hadriani mums, n. bet 

Aballaba and iEsica. The station of the 

Cohors Prima .^Uia Dacorum. J^urds- 

wald. 
Ambra fl., I. a r. of Etruria, falling into 

Amus fl. N. of Ad Joglandem. Ambra. 

II. of Vindelida, rising in Alpes Rhset., 

above Coveliace, and falling into Isara fl. 

above Jovisara. Amber. 
Ambracia, prius Paralia, a city of Epiras, 

on Arachthus fl., 11 m. from Ambradus 

sin. Built by Ambrax, enlarged by Co- 
rinthians 650 B.C. The royal city of Pyr- 

rhus, and afterwards the seat of a republic. 

Near Arta. 
AmbracYus sinus, a gulf of the Adriatic, 

bet. Epiras and Acamania. Golfo de 

VArta. 
Ambracus, a fortress of Ambrada, s.w. of 

the dty. Fidio Castro. 
Ambrones, a people of Maxima Sequanorum, 

N.E. of Lemanus lacus. In Bemey Solu- 

them, Unterwaldy 8fc, 
Ambrussum, a town of theVolcse Arecomicse, 

Narbonensis I., bet. Nemausum (15) and 

Sextatio (15). Pont Emberieu. 
AmbrT^sas, a town of Phods, n.e. of An- 

ticyra. Noted for its cochineal and its 

vines. Near Dy stoma. 
Amelas (Alimala, Alychme), a to^ of 

Lycia, near Myra. Almali. 
Ameletum, a town of Pontus, on the Eusine, 

19 m. w. from Phauda. 
Amen ANUS (Ammanus) fl., a r. of Sicily, 

falling into Siculum mare s. of Catana. 
Amenia, a town of Pontus, near Grenesintis 

prom. 
Ameria, a town of Umbria, bet. Castellum 

Amerinum (9) and Tuda (16), n.w. of 

Namia. Founded 1045 b.c. A colonia. 

The birth-place of Rosdus. Amelia. 



A3fEi 



31 



AMP 



Amsria, the early name of Neoceesaroa, in 
Pontos. Famous for the great temple of 
Men Phamaces. 
Amsuiola, a town of Sabininmy n.w. of 

Tibiir. 
Amsbus m., a ridge of Acrooerannii m. in 

EpimSy towards Ulyria. 
Am ESELUM, a town of Sicily, on Cyamosnrus 

fl., R. near Argyrium. Ragalbuio, 
Amestratvs, a town of Sicily, towards the 

N. coast, bet. Nomse and Apollonia. 
AmYda (priug Amm^a), a city of Sophene, 
Armen.y on the Tigris; R., s.w. of Tigra- 
nocerta. Restored by Constantino, and 
named by him Constantia. Xbe locality 
of a defeat of the Romans by Sapor. 
Noted for its gold and silver mines. Kara 
Amid; Diarbekir. 
Amilus, I. a village of Arcadia, bet. Qrdio- 
menus and Stymphalus. II. (Anulus), a 
r. of Mauritania. 
Amina ins., an isl. of India i. Gangem, s. of 

Monacba. 
Aminach^, a people of India i. Gangem, 

under Bepurrus m. e., on CEdanes fl. L. 
AmYnea, a village of Campania, s. of Sinu- 

essa. Noted for its vineyards. 
Aminius fl., a r. of Arcadia, falling into 

Helisson fl., R. below Megalopolis. 
AmsiA, I. (Amasia, Amisius), a r. of Ger- 
mania Magna, rising s. of Teutoburgium 
and falling into Germanicus oc, w. of 
the Yisurgis. Ems, II. a fwtress erected 
by Drusus, near the mouth of tiie preced- 
ing. Delf'Zyl, III. a town of the Istse- 
Yones, Germania, on Amisia fl., near 
Stereontinm. Near Soest. 
Amisus (Piraeus), aqpital of Pontus, on Ami- 
senus sin., 1124 m. s.s. from Sinope. A 
Milesian settlement, enlarged by Athenians. 
Samsun, 
AmIternum, a town of Sabininm, on Ater- 
nns fl. R., towards its source, n.w. of 
Prifemum. The birth-place of Sallust. 
Near San Vttiorino, 
Ammj£a, vide Amida. 
Ammaus, vide Hamath. 
Ammites fl., a r. of Chalddioe, Macedonia, 
falling into Bolbe palus, e. of Olynthias fl. 
Ammochostos prom., a " sandy ** prom, of 
Cjrprus, N.E. of Pedalium prom. C Grego. 
Ammodes prom., a pr. of Cilida Campestris, 

bet. Cydnus fl. and Sarus fl. 
Ammon Balithonos prom., Byzacene, i. q. 

Brachodes. 
Ammonii prom. (Cabubathra), a pr. of Arabia 
Felix, 25 m. w. from Arabiae Felids Emp. 
C. Hargiah. 
Ammonis ins., an isL of Marmarica, w. of 
.Antipyrgos. 



Ammonitis, the country of the Ammonitest 
descendants of Ammon or Boiimmi, the 
younger son of Lot, in Persea, bounded n. 
and N.E. by Jabbok fl., s. by Moabitis, w. 
by Gilead m. (but earlier by the Dead Sea 
and Jordan), s.e. by Arabia. 
Ammonum, an oasis of Marmarica, on the 
confines of Libya, s. of Parsetonium, 160 
m. from the Mediterranean. Here was 
the great temple of Jupiter Ammon, 
and a fountain (Pons solis), tiie water of 
which, in the morning and evening, was 
warm, at noon cold, and at midnight boil- 
ing hot. Oasis of Siwah, 
Amnias fl., a r. of Paphlagonia, falling into 
Halys fl., 30 m. s. from Sinope. Kara 
Su, 
Amnicia, a town of Bruttium, bet. Ad An- 
gitulam (4) and Vibo Valentia (10), on Via 
Aquilia. 
Amnisus, I. a river of Crete, feJling into the 
iBgean at Amnisus. Apostolemi. II. 
(Monesus), a town on the n. coast of 
Crete, e. of Heracleum. The e. port of 
Gnossus. 
Amordocia, a marshy district of Babylonia, 
s. of the Euphrates, towards its confluence 
with the Tigris. 
Amorgos, one of the Sporades, bet Naxos 
and Ast3rpal{ea. Noted for its fine flax. 
Under the Romans a place of banishment. 
The birth-place of Simonides. Amorgo. 
Amoritis, the country of the Amoritse 
(descendants of Canaan), in Peraea, bounded 
E. by Ammonitis, n. by Jabboc fl., s. by 
Moabitis, and w. by the Dead Sea and 
Jordan fl. The district was conquered by 
Moses, and divided between Reuben and 
Gad. 
Amorium, a town of the Tolistoboii, Galatia, 
on Sangarius fl., bet. Abrosta (23) and 
Laodicea Catacecaumene (20). Amoria. 
Amos, a town of Caria. 
Ampaloontis, a maritime town of Cyre- 
naica, w. bet. Boreum prom, and Berenice. 
Ampe, I. Chaldsea, i. q. Charax. II. a r. of 
Crete, &lling into the sea at Ampelus. 
Sacro, III. a town of Crete, at Ampelus 
prom. Sacro. IV. hills intersecting 
Samos ins. Ambelona. V. a headland 
of Crete, s. of Sammonium prom. C. 
Sacro. VI. the n. extremity of Ampelus 
m., Samos, opposite Icarus ins. C. San 
Domenico. VII. its s. extremity. C. CO' 
ionni. VIII. (Toronseum), the s. extremity 
of Sithonia penins., Macedonia. Famous 
for its wine. C. Falso. 
Ampelusia (Cotes), the n.w. extremity of 
Africa, at the s. entrance of Hercolis 
Fretum. Cape SparteU 



AMP 



32 



ANA 



Amphjea, a town of Messenia, on the fron- 
tiers of Laconia, near the source of Am- 
phitus fl. Cochla. 

Amphan^, I. a town, of Doris. II. (Am- 
phanseum), of Magnesia, Thessaly, near 
Pagasie. 

Amphaxitidis Abydon, i. q. Amydon. 

Amphaxitis, a district of Mygdonia, Mace- 
donia, on Ajdus fl. L., towards its mouth. 

AmphIale prom., a pr. of Attica, on Saroni- 
cus sin., over against Salamis, the w. ex- 
tremity of Corydallus m. C. Daphne. 

Amphiarai fons, I. a fountain of Argolis, 
falling into Lema palus. II. of BoeDtia, 
near the temple of Amphiaraus at Oropus. 

Amphic^a (Amphiclaea, Ophitea), a town 
of Phocis, at the n. foot of Parnassus m., 
8 m. N.E. from Liliea. Dadi. 

Amphidoli, a town of Pisatis, Elis, on Al- 
pheus fl. R., N.w. of Olympia. 

Amphigen! A, a town of Messenia, on the 
borders of Triphylia. 

Amphilochia, the country of the Amphi- 
lochi, the n.e. portion of Acamania, on the 
borders of Epirus, Athamania, and Ape- 
rantia. Afterwards annexed to iEtolia. 

Amphiltssus fl., a r. of Samos ins., rising in 
Assarus m. 

Amphimalla (Amphipalia, Pantomatrium), 
a town on the n. coast of Crete, at the 
head of Amphimallius sin. Near Armiro. 

Amphimalle fl., a r. of Crete, faDing into 
Amphimallius sin., e. of Amphimalla. 

Amphimallius sin., a bay of the .^ean, in 
Crete, bet. Rithymna and Drepanum prom. 
G. d* Armiro. 

Amphimatrium, Pantomatrium, i. q. Am- 
phimalle. 

AmphipXgus prom., a headland of Corcyra 
ins., on the w. coast, below Phalacrum 
prom. C. Sant* Angela, 

AmphIpolis ("river-surrounded"), postea 
Chrysopolis, I. capital of the Edones, 
Thrace, and subsequently of Macedonia I., 
on an island of Strymon fl., near its egress 
from Cerdnatis palus, 3 m. from Strymoni- 
cus sin., bet. Argilus(lO) andDomerus (13). 
Founded by Agnon, son of Nidas, the 
Athenian. Emboli ; Jeni-keui. II. Th ap- 
SAcus, so named by Seleucus Nicator. 
III. Messenia, i. q. Amphidoli. 

Amphissa ("among the mountains"), capital 
of the Locri Ozol., at the head of Crissseus 
sin., 7i m. N.w. of Delphi. Salona. 

Amphissium prom., a pr. of Bruttium, to- 
wards Scylletium. 

Amphitrope, a demus of Attica, of the 
tribe Antiochis, n.e. of Thricus. Jfe- 
tropisi, 

Amphitus fl.y a r. of Messeniai rising near 



Ampheea and falling into Pamisus fl. n.i. 
of Ithome m. Zeza. 

AmphrTsus fl., a r. of Phthiotis, Thessaly, 
rising in Othrys m., and falling into Paga- 
s«eus sin. n. of Alos. On its banJa 
Apollo fed the flocks of Admetus. Armiro. 

Ampsaga fl., a r. of Africa, rising n. of 
Thamugadis, and, after separating Numidift 
from Mauritania, falling into the Mediter- 
ranean at Pacciana. Wad el K6bir. 

Ampsalis, a port of the Zichi, Sarmatia, 
bet. Herculis prom, and Achseus fl. 

Ampsiyarii, Germftnia, i. q. Ansibarii. 

Amsancti lacus, a sulphureous lake of the 
Hirpini, Campania, s.w. of Trivicum. On 
its banks was a temple of Mephitis. Iai^o 
di Mefiti, 

Amudis, a town of Mygdonia, Moesia, w. of 
Nisibis. 

Amutrium, postea Altinum, a town of the 
Saldenses, Dada, s. of Drubetis. Near 
Brancowar. , 

Amyci Portus, a port of Bithynia, on Thra- 
dus Bosporus, n. of Nicopolis. The 
burial-place of king Amycus. Lamia. 

Amycl^, I. a dty of the Ausones, Latiom, 
on Amyclanus sin., s.w. of Fundi. A 
colony from Amyclse, Laconia. The popu- 
lation was said to have been destroyed by 
serpents. II. of Laconia, 5 m. s. of Sparta^ 
on Eurotas fl. The birth-place of Castor 
and Pollux, and the burial-place of Hya- 
dnthus. AiaKyriaeior SclavO'Chorio, 

AMYCLiEUM, a maritime town of Crete. 

Amyclanus, I. lacus, i. q. Fuudanus. 
II. sin. (Fundanus), a bay of Tyrrhenum 
mare at Amydse. 

Amydon (Abydon), a town of Amphaxitis^ 
in Macedonia, on Axius fl. 

Amymone fons, one of the streams con- 
tributing to Lema palus in ArgoUs. Named 
after one of the daughters of Danaus. 

Amyrus, I. a r. of Magnesia, Thessaly, 
rising in Ossa m., near Lacerea, and falling 
into the ^Egean below Amyrus. II. a 
town of Magnesia, Thessaly, on Amyrus 
fl., s.w. of Meliboea. 

Amystis fl., a r. of India, falling into the 
Ganges towards its source. Patterea. 

Amyzon, a fown of Caria, bet. Heraclea and 
Alabanda. Bajffi. 

Anab, a town of Judaea, s.e. of Hebron, 
Judiea. Anab. 

Anabis, a town of the Surdaones, Tarraoo- 
nensis, bet. Ilerda and Jespus. 

Anabon, a district of Drangiana, n. of Aria 
lacus. E. Sedjestan. 

Anabucis, Cyrenaica, i. q. Aulomalax. 

Anabum, a town of the Oeu^i, Sarmatia, on 
the Danube, near the mouth of Granua fl. 



ANA 



33 



ANA 



Anabuba, a town of Phrygia Magna, bet. 
Beudos and Abassns. 

Anac^a, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Hippot^oontis. 

Amactoria, I. a district of Asia Minor, on 
both sides the Maeand^ fl. Named from 
Anax, prince of Caria. II. the early name 
of Miletus. 

ANACTORiUM,a city of the Agreei, Acamania, 
on Ambracius sin., at its s. entrance, bet. 
Nicopolis, of whidi it was the port, and 
Thyreum, s.e. of Actium. Its people, a 
colony of Corcyreans and Corinthians ; 
were transferred by Augustus to Nicopolis. 
Affhios Petros. 

Anacto&ius sin., the entrance to the Am- 
bracius sin., in which was fought the battle 
of Actium. G. di Trevesa. 

Anadtnata, a town of Paphlagonia, bet. 
Antoninopolis (28) and Gangra (36). 

An^a, a town of Lydia, on the coast, bet. 
Ephesus and Panionium. The burial- 
place of the Amazon Ansea. The birth- 
place of Menelaus the Peripatetic. 

Anagnia, capital of the Hemid, Latium, 
on Via Latina, bet. Ad Bivium and Feren- 
tinum. A Colonia of Drusus. Anagni, 

Anagnutes, a people of Novem Populana. 
About AgnoSy Basses Pyrin^es, 

Anagombri m., am. of Marmarica, w. of 
Ammonium. 

Anagome, a town of Lysia, near Caystrus fl., 
under Tmolus m., bet. Hypaepa (9) and 
Ephesus (34). Bainder. 

Anagurdes, a fortress of Bithynia. 

Anagyrus, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Erectheis, on Saronicus sin., s. of .^Exone. 
Named from a fetid plant that grew here, 
which, the more you rubbed it, the more 
fetid it grew ; whence the proverb. 

AvAizETES, a people of Pannonia Inferior, 
bet. DraTus fi. and Savus fl., e. of the Jassi. 

Anakim, a gigantic race, occupying the 
country between Jerusalem and Hebron, 
divided into three tribes, descended from 
and named after the three sons of Anak, 
Ahiman, Sesai, and Talmai. They were 
exterminated by Joshua and Caleb. 

Analiba, a town of Armenia Minor, on Eu- 
phrates fl. R., bet. Caltiorissa (24) and 
Zimara (16). Derindeh. 

Anamani (Anamares, Ananes), a people of 
Gallia Cispadana, extending into Liguria, 
along the s. bank of the Padus. 

Anamarori, a tribe of Anamani, Gallia, on 
the Trebia, s. of the Marici. About Mar- 
saglia. 

Ananus fl. (Andanis, Azarius?), a r. of Car- 
mania, falling into Persicus sin. 25 m. 
w. from Sabis fl. 



AxANA, a town of Phrygia Magna, on Asca- 
nia pal. n., bet. Apamea Cibotus and Cere- 
tape. 

AxANES, a people of Liguria, n.e. along the 
Padus, w. of the Anamares. 

Anao Portus, a harbour of the Yediantii, 
Liguria, e. of Olivula (12). 

Anaphe ins., one of the Sporades, e. of 
Thera, named from Apollo's '^ suddenly 
appearing" there to the Argonauts. An- 
phio, 

AxAPHLYSTUS, a demus of Attica, of the 
tribe Antiochis, on Saronicus sin., at 
Astypalsea prom. Anaphiso. 

Anapus fl., I. a r. of Acamania, falling into 
Achelous fl. R., s. of Stratus. Aetos. II. 
of Sicily, falling into Siculum mare, at Sy- 
racusse, s. A^eo, 

Anar, a town of Chaldeea,on the Euphrates, 
L., bet. Aserga and Ampe. 

Anarei m., a ridge of Imaus, in Scythia i. 
Imaum. Altai m. 

Anariac^, a people of Media Magna, on 
the Caspian, bet. the Drybices and the 
Amardi. 

AxARisMUNDi prom., a pr. of Taprobane, w. 
bet. Soanus fl. and Margana. 

ANARiTiE, a tribe of Ichthyophagi, Arabia, 
on Persicus sin., e. of Atta. 

Arartophracti, a people of Sarmatia £u- 
rop., contiguous to the Burgundiones. 

Anarti (Axiartes), a tribe of Agathyrsi, 
Dada, on Tibiscus fl., towards its source. 

AxAS fl., a river of Hispania, rising near La- 
minium, and, after separating Baetica from 
Lusitania, falling by two mouths into the 
Atlantic, e. of Balsa. Its name arose from 
its characteristic, towards its source, of 
diving like a duck below the surface, from 
time to time. Guadiana (Wadi-Ana). 

AxASAMUS, a town of the Mcesi, Moesia In- 
ferior, on the Danube, bet. Utus and 
Nicopolis, at the mouth R. of Noes fl. 

Anassus, I. fl., a r. of the Cami, Venetia, 
falling into the Adriatic at Anassus. Re^ 
vonchi, II. a port of the Cami, in Venetia, 
* 8.E. of Apidlia. Porto di Lignano, 

Anastasii M(enia, Thradae, i. q. Macron- 
tichos. 

Anastasiopolis, Mesopotamia, vide Dara. 

Anatha (Phathusis, Bethauna), a town of 
Auranitis, Babylonia, on an isl. of the Eu- 
phrates, below Corsote. Anah. 

Anathoth, a Levitical dty of Benjamin, 3| 
m. N. from Jerusalem. The birth-place of 
Jeremiah. Anata. 

Anatili, a people of Narbonensis I., occu- 
pying the Delta of the Rhone. 

Anatis fl., Mauritania, i. q. Asama. 

Anaunes, vide Grenaunes, 



ANA 



34 



AND 



Anaunium, pottea Nsunium, Anagnis, capi- 
tal of the Genaunes, Khsetia, n.w. of IM- 
dentum. Castel Nano, 
Anaurus, I. a name of the Nile. II. a r. of 
Magnesia, Thessaly, rising in Pelion m. 
and falling into the Pagasseus sin. below 
Tolcos. It was in this stream that Jason 
lost his sandal. 
Anava (Anaus, Sanaus, Sanis, Sanaos), a 
town of Phrygia Magna, on the n. shore 
of Anavus lacus. Alan-Kevi. 

Anavasarium, a town of Almopseia, Mace- 
donia, bet. Ad Fines (3d) and Ad Aqnas 
(12). 

Anavus lacus, a salt lake of Phrygia Magna, 
E. of Colossse, near the source of Mseander 
fl. Hajee GhieuL 

Anaxia (Hamaxia), a maritime town of 
Pamphylia, 9 m. n.e. from Ptolemais. 

Anazarba (Cesarea ad Anazarbum), postea 
Ainzarjat, a town of Cilicia Campestris, on 
Pyramus fl., bet. Mopsuestia (11) and 
Flavias (18). Under Theodosius, cap. of 
Cilicia. The birth-place of Dioscorides and 
of Appian. Anzarba, 

Anazarbus m., a summit of Taurus m., 
Cilicia, overlooking Anazarba. 

Anbureum, vide CEsporis. 

Ancalites, a people of Britain, w. of the 
Trinobantes. In Berkshire. 

AnchiXle, a city of Cilicia Campestris, e. of 
Zephyrium prom., ** on the sea shore,'' at 
the mouth of Anchiales fl. Founded by 
Sardanapalus '*in one day with Tarsus." 
Traditionally named from Anchiale, daugh- 
ter of Japetus. 

Anchiales fl., a r. of Cilicia Campestris, 
rising in Taurus m., and falling into the 
Mediterranean at Anchiale. Mersyn. 

Anchialus, a town of the Crobyzi, in 
Thrace, on a gulf of the Euxine, s. of 
Mesembria. Akkali, 

Anchismus m., a summit of Pentelicus m., 
N.E. of Athense. Mt. San Qiorgio. 

Anchisia m., a m. of Arcadia, n.w. of Man- 
tinea. The burial-place of Anchises. 

Anchit^, a people of Arabia Felix, on the 
edge of the Desert, 8. of the Catanitae. 

Anchoe, a place in Boeotia, n. of Larymna 
Inferior, at which Copals lacus discharged 
itself by several channels into the Euripus. 
Potzumadi. 

ANCLACiE, a people of Sarmatia Asiat, in 
Caucasus m. 

Amcobarxtis, a district of Mesopotamia, 
occupying its s. extremity. 

Ancon, I. a port of PontUs, 20 m. s. from 
Amisus, at Ancon prom., at the mouth of 
Isis fl. Tscherachembi , II. a prom, of 
Cana, at the e. '< elbow ** of Glaudus sin. 



Ancona, a maritime dty of Picenum, sbova 
Cumerium prom., s.b. of SenogaUia. A 
Dorian dty, enlarged by Syracusans, fugi- 
tives from Dionysius; enlarged and its 
port constructed by Trajan. Noted for its 
purple dye. Ancona. 
Ancorarius m., a m. of Mauritania Caesar., 

below Cartenna. 
Ancore, Bithynia, L q. Niceea. 

Angus, a town of the Jabades, Illyria, under 
Albanus m., E.bet. Epidotium and Ausan- 
calis. 

AncPra, I. capital of the Abbaites Mjrsi, in 
Phrygia Epictetus, near the source of Ma- 
cestus fl., towards Sinnaus. II. a town of 
Sicily, on Halycus fl., above Legum. III. 
capital of the Tectosages, Gfdatia, bet 
Gordium and Hal3r8 fl. Built by Midas. 
Named from an anchor found on its site, 
and long preserved in the temple of Jupiter 
here. In its ndghbonrhood was the foun- 
tain where Midas caught Silenus. Here 
was discovered the famous Marmor Ancy- 
ritanum. Angouri, Angora. 

Ancybium prom., a pr. of Bithynia, marking 
the Asiatic entrance of Bosporus Thradns. 
Named from a rode taken hence as an 
anchor by the Argonauts. 

Ancyronpolis, a town of Heptanomis, on 
the Nile, R., bet. Thimonepsus and Aphro- 
ditopolis. Named from the stone anchors 
made there. Eggeron. 

Andabilis (Andavilis), a town of Cappa- 
docia, bet. Sasima (16) and Tyana (16). 

And AC A (Andraca), a town of i\jachosia, to- 
wards the junction of Cophes fl. with Cho- 
aspesfl. 

Andaga, a town of Siracene, Armenia, on 
Harpasus fl. R., below Chorsa. Ani. 

Andania (.£chalia), the early capital of 
Messenia, on the confines of Arcadia, bet. 
Messene and Megalopolis, near Carnudum 
nem. 

Andanis fl., Carmania, i. q. Anamis. 

ANDARiE, a people of India. 

Andatis, a town of Ethiopia, on the Nile. 

Andecam ULUM, a town of the Lemovices, 
N.w. of Augustoritum. Ranfon. 

Andecayi, vide Andes. 

Andeira, a town of .£olis Asiat., n.b. of 
Gargara. Noted for its orichalcum, and 
for a remarkable cavern. Cybele was pecu- 
liarly worshipped here. 

Andemadunum, postea Idngones, capital of 
the Lingones, Lugdunensis I., near the 
source of Matrona fl., n.£. of Alesia. 
Langres. 

Anderica, a town of Cissia, Susiana, on 
Coprates fl., 25 m. n.w. from Susie. Here 
Darius settled a colony of Eretrians. 



AND 



35 



ANI 



AxoER^cA, a port of the Regni, Brit. I., 
bet. Othona portus and Adumi portus. 
Seqford. 

AxDERis, a town of the Cantii, Brit. Bye. 

AxDERiTUMy I. the early capital of the 
Gabali, Aquitania I., s.s. of Aqnse Calids. 
Anterrieujp. II. a town of the Parisii, Lug- 
dunensis lY., on Sequana fl., R., at the junc- 
tion of Isara il. 

Andes, I. (Andecavi, Ondicavai), a people of 
Lugdunensis III.^ on Liger fl., having the 
Turones e., Namnetes w,, Pictones s., and 
Aulerd n. Department of Mayenne, II. 
their capital, near Liger fl., w.n.w. of 
Csesarodunum, postea Juliomagus, in ho- 
nour of Julius Caesar. Angers. III. a vil- 
lage near Mantua, s.e. The birth-place of 
Virgil. Pietola. 

Andesina, a town of the Lend, Belgica I., 
N.B. of Tullum (16). Nancy or d^ Essay, 

Andethanna, a town of the Treveri, in 
Belgica I., bet. Qrolaunum (220 and Au- 
gusta Treverorum (200. Nieder Anwen. 

Andetrium, a fortress of the Dalmatse, in 
niyria, 3 m. n.w. from Salon. Clissa. 

Andium, an isL of Britun. 

Andomatis fl., i. q. Sonus. 

Andosii, a people of Celtiberia, n. of the 
.£renosiL About Altotisaney near Pons. 

Andraca, a town of Cappadoda, towards 
Zama. 

Andrapa, postea Neodaudiopolis, a town of 
Faphlagonia, s.e. of Olgasys m. s., 9 m. 
N.w. firom Galea. 

Andria, I. a town of Phrygia. II. of Tri- 
phyUa, Elis, on the coast, near Pyrgos. 

Andriaca, I. a town of Lyda, at the mouth 
of Andriacus fl., \ m. e. from Simena. 
The port of Myra. Andraki, II. of Media 
Magna, bet. Ecbatana and Parachoana. 

Andriacus fl., a r. of Lycia, falling into the 
Mediterranean at Andriaca. Andraki. 

Andricus, I. a r. of Cilicia Campestris. 
II. a summit of Taurus, in Cilida Trachea, 
overlooking Charadrus. 

Andrius fl., a r. of Troas, falling into the 
Scamander below Cebrene fl. Lidjick 
Deressetchai. 

Androna (Acoraba), baths of Chalybdnitis, 
N.w. of Salaminias. Haman, 

Andropolis, a town of Egypt, on Agathos 
Daemon fl«, n. of Cynecopolis. Cha- 
bur. 

Androfophaoi, cannibals, variously placed 
in N.E. Africa and elsewhere. 

Androri (Andres), a tribe of Ananianes, 
Liguria. About Casteggio. 

Axdros, I. (Lasia, Cauros, Nonagria, Hy- 
drussa, Epagris) one of the Cydades ins., 
bet. Genestus prom. (10) and Ceos (39). 



, Andro. II. its capital, on the w. coast. 

Andro. 
Androsia (Adtoriziacmn), a town of Galatia, 

on Halys fl., 33 m. from Eocobriga. 
Anduetium, a town of Rhaetia, near the 

Danube, bet. Camuntum and Gerulatis. 
Andusia, a town of the Volcae Arecomid, 

Narbonensis, on Vardo fl., n.w. of Am- 

brussum. Anduze. 
Anemo fl., a r. of Gallia Cispadana, rising s. 

of Mutila, and falling into the Adriatic s. 

of Spineticum Ostium. Amone. 
Anemoessa, a place in Arcadia, on Helisson 

fl., N.w. of Bucolion. 
Anemoria, ** blown by the mountain wind,'' 

a town of Phods, near Hyampolis, under 

Calopterius m. 
Anemurium, I. a town of Cilida Trachea, at 

Anemurium prom. Anamour. II. a pr. 

of Cilida, the s. extremity of Asia Minor, 

over against Crommyon prom, in Cyprus 

(230. C. Anamour. 
Anesica, a town of Histria, bet. Pons Ti- 

maviand Ad Malum (18), n.e. of Tergeste, 

Senasetsch. 
Aneu ins., an isl. of Arabia Felix, in the 

Red Sea, over against Hippus m. Maaman* 
Anoarii, the early name of the Angrivarii. 
Angarxs, a m. of Judaea, on the coast n. of 

Gaza. 
Angele, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Pandionis, n.w. of Brauron. ApangellaM» 
Angelocome, a fortress of Bithynia, towards 

Nicaea. 
Angites fl., a r. of Thrace, rising in Cerdus 

m. E., and separating the Odomanti from 

the Edones. Anghista. 
ANGiLLiB, a town of the Turduli, Baetica, on 

Singilis fl. above Singilis. 
Angitia, a town of the Marsi, Sabinium, n« 

of Lucus Angitiae. 
Angitula fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 

Hipponiates sin. at Ad Angitulam. An- 

gitola. 
Angli, a tribe of Suevi, who, from the e, 

side of the Albis, migrated to the w. side, 

and settled abou!; Lagnus sin., n. of the 

Saxones. Schleswig and part of Hoi' 

stein. 
Angrivarii, a tribe of Ingaevones, on the 

Visurgis, n. of the Cherusd. About 

Angem. 
Anguillaris, a town of Etruria, on the 

Sabatinus lac., 25 m. n.w. of Rome. 
Angulus, a town of the Vestini, Picenum, 

on Salina fl. L., bet. Hadria and Salinae. 

Citta Sanf Angelo. 
Angustia, a town of the Cotenses, Dada, 

on Ararus fl. R. 
Ani, I. a town of ChoTieaa, krai.^ wx'^^j^- 



ANI 



36 



ANT 



rates il., below Aziiis. II. of the Tsurisci, 

Noricum, on Anisus fl., 17 m. e. from 

Yocarium. RadatadU 
Anias il., Arcadia, i. q. Aroanius. 
Anidus fi., Africa, i. q. Asama. 
Anxeses, a people of Sogdiana, about the 

sources of the Jaxartes. 
ANiOEiEA, a district of Argolis, on Argolicus 

sin., N. of Thyrea. Noted for its oUves. 
Anigriadum fons, a fountain of Triphylia, 

Elis, falling into Anigrus fl. near its source. 

Reputed good for cutaneous disorders. 
AnYgrus fl. (Minyeus), a r. of Triphylia, 

Elis, rising in Lapitha m., and losing itself 

in a marsh on the sea-coast, near Samia. 

Remarkable in connexion with the story of 

the Centaurs and of Hercules. Mavro- 

potamOf Sidero, 
Aninetum (Aninesum), a town of Lydia. 
Anio, I. prius Anienus, a r. of Italy, rising 

near Trebia, and falling into the Tiber at 

Antemns. Named from Anius, king of 

the Etruscans. Noted for its cataract; 

whence its title, Praeceps. Teverone. 

II. NoYUS, Aqua Claudia, an aqueduct 

from Anio fl. to Rome, constructed under 

Claudian. 
Anistorgis, Hispania, i. q. Conistorgis. 
Anisus fl. (Anasus), a r. of Noricum, rising 

E. of Vacorium, and falling into the Danube 

at Lauriacum. Ens, 
Anitha, a town of Moabitis, s. of Mephaat. 
Ann AM ATI A, a town of Valeria, Pannonia, 

bet. Salinum (22) and Interdsa, n.e. of 

Volcea lac. Duna Pentele. 
Anneianum, I. a town of the Magelli, 

Etruria, bet. Florentia (20) and Castellum 

(26). II. of the Veneti, Venetia, bet. Vicus 

varianus (18) and Ateste (20). Legnano, 
Annibi m., m. of Serica. Altai Alin. 
Annina, a district of Tenesis, Ethiopia, 

N.w. of Abala. 
Annum, a town of the Frentani, Samnium, 

on Sagrus fl., bet. Anzanum (4) and Pal- 

lanum (12). 
Anonum fons, a fountain of Laconia, at 

Derrhium. 
Anopjba, a defile of the Malienses, bet. Aso- 

pas and Alpenus, by which the Persian 

army turned the position of the Greeks at 

the battle of Thermopylae. 
Ansibarii (Ansivarii), a tribe of the Chaud, 

on the w. bank of the Visurgis. About 

Minden in Westphalia, 
Ant^opolis, a town of Thebais, on the 

Nile, R., bet. Muthis and Passalon. Named 

from Antaeus. Quaou, 
Antandrus, a town of JE^oMs Asiat., on 

Adramyttenus sin., at the foot of Alex- 
andria m., opposite Coryphas, 16 m. w. 



from Adramyttium. An .£olian colony. 
Settled also by Cimmerii and Edones from 
' Thrace. Antandro, 

AntarXdus, a town of Phoenicia, on the 
coast, over against Aradus. Named Con- 

' stantia after Constantius. Tortosa, 

Anteis (Antiae), a town of the Salyes, Nar- 
bonensis II., bet. Forum Julii and Mata- 
Yonium. Draguignan, 

Antelia, a town of Cappadocia, in Saravene- 
praefectura. 

Antemn^, a Siculian town of Sabinium, 
locally in Latium, on Anio fl. 

Anteus fl., a r. of Pisidia, at Antiochia. 
Cazma, 

Anthea, I. a town of Achaia, the inhabitants 
of which were removed to Patrae. II. Eu- 
anthea, a name of Tralles. III. a name of 
Messenia. 

Anthedon (Anthedonius portus, Athe- 
niensis portus), I. a town of Argolis, on- 
Saronicus sin., n.w. of Spiraeum prom. 
Francolimni. II. of Boeotia, on Euripus, 
bet. Anchoe (7) and Salganeus (9). The- 
birth-place of the sea-god Glaucus. III. of 
Simeon, Judaea, on Besor fl., near its 
mouth, 5 m. n.w. from Graza. Rebuilt by 
Herod, and named Agrippias. 

Anthele, a town of Malienses, Thessaly, 
near Asopus fl., w. of Thermopylae. 

Anthemus, I. a r. of the Apsilae, Sarmatia, 
fiEtUing into the Euxine at Dioscurias. 
II. a district of Mygdonia, Macedonia, 
N.E. of Thessalonica. III. a lake of Myg- 
donia, at Anthemus. IV . capital of Anthe- 
mus regie, on Anthemus lac, n.e. of 
Thessalonica. Near Langaza, V. i. q. 
Samos. 

Anthemusia, I. a district of Osrhoene, Me- 
sopotamia, N.w. on Euphrates fl., w. of 
Grauzonitis. II. its capital, bet. Dacara 
and Coraea, w. of Edessa. 

Anthene, I. a town of Argolis, on the con- 
fines of Laconia, s.e. of Tegea. Named 
after Anthe, daughter of Neptune. II. of 
the Damasae, Ind., on Doanas fl. III. one 
of the Pisistratidae ins., Ionia. 

Anthylla, a town of Lower Egypt, on the 
Canopic branch of the Nile, s.e. of Alex- 
andria; the revenues of which were as- 
signed by the Persian conquerors to the 
queens of Persia for shoe money. 

Antiana, a town of Valeria, Pannonia, on 
the Danube, 24 m. n. from Mursa. Batina, 

Antibole ostium, the e. and prindpal mouth 
of the Ganges. 

Antic ASius m., m. of Cassiotis, Syria, s. of 
Casius m. 

Anticinolis, a port of Paphlagonia, 71 m* 
e. from CinoUs. 



ANT 



37 



ANT 



AntIcyra (Antidrrha), I. a town of Phocis, 
on a bay of the Corinthiacus sinus, bet. 
Cirrba and Medeon. Noted for its belle- 
bore. Aapro Spiti, II. of iEniania, Tbes- 
saly, on Maliacus sin., at the mouth of 
Spercbius fl. Also noted for its helle- 
bore. 

Anticragus m., lofty cliffs of Lyda, on 
Glaucius sin.,-N.w. of Telmessus, in some 
sort the back of Cragus m. Sown- 
bourlou, 

ANTiooNEiE fauces, a defile of the Acro- 
cerauni m., bet. lUyria and Chaonia. 

Antigonia, I. prius Sigia, an earlier name 
of Alexandria Troas, from Antigonus. 
II. a town of Chaonia, Epirus, w. of 
Omphalium. Argyro Castro. III. of 
Cruds, Chalddice, Maced., n.e. of Com- 
brea. lY. the early name of Nicea, 
Bithynia. Y. sumamed Psaphara, a town 
of Pelagonia, on Thermaicus sin., near 
JSneum prom. YI. of Seleuds, Syria, 
near Antiochia, whither its inhabitants 
were removed by Seleucus Nicator. 

Antigonis, a tribe or ward of Attica, named 
after Antigonus, father of Demetrius Poli- 
orcetes. Afterwards named Attalis, in 
honour of king Attains. 

Antilibanus m., m. of Coele-Syria, parallel 
E. with libanus m., and blending with the 
m. of Trachonitis. Jehel el Gharbu 

Antinoe (AntinoSpolis, prius Besa), a 
town of Heptanomis, on the Nile, bet. 
Speos-Artemidos and Pesla, nearly oppo- 
site Hermopolis. Enlarged by Hadrian, 
and re-named by him alter his fevouiite 
Antinous, drowned here. Sheikh Abadeh. 

Antinum (Atina), a town of the Marsi, Sa- 
binium, on Luis fl., 5 miles s.w. from 
Angitise. A munidp. Citta d*Antina, 

Antiochi Solen, a port of the Adulitse, 
on the Red Sea, 60 geog. m. s.e. from 
Adulis. 

Antiochia, I. prius Reblata, a dty of 
Apamene, Syr., cap. of Syria, on both 
sides of the Orontes, 30 m. from the sea. 
Founded by Seleucus Nicator, and named 
after his fether; sumamed Epidaphnes, 
from the neighbouring Daphne; Tetra- 
polis, from its four quarters; and, later, 
Theopolis, from its earnest reception of 
Christianity. By Strabo it is ranked the 
third dty of the world. Antakia; An- 
tioch, II. ad Cragum, a town of Cilida 
Trachea, on Cragus m. Antiochetta, III. 
Lamotis, capital of Lamotis Regio, Cilida, 
at the mouth of Lamus fl. lY. ad Mse- 
andrum, prius Pythopolis, a dty of Caria, 
bet. Mseander fl. arid Orsinus fl., near 
their junction. Enlarged and re-named by 



Antiochus, son of Seleucus. Noted fi9r 
the fig Triphylla. The birth-place of Dio- 
trephis the sophist. Jeni-Sher. Y. of 
Pisidia, bet. Apamea Cibotus (69) and 
Iconium (65). Founded by Antiochus 
Soter, 250 b.c. A colonia (Colonia Cse- 
sarea) of Tiberius. Prominent in the his- 
tory of St. Paul. Yalobatch, YI. ad Py- 
ramum, ad Sarum, a town of Cilida Cam- 
pestris, bet. Pyramus and Sams fl., 19 m. 
E. from Mallus. YII. ad Taurum, a town 
of Commagene, Syr., under Amanus m., 
N.w. Bahasna. YIII. of Margiana, i. q. 
Alexandria. IX. ad Callirrhoen, Mesopo- 
tamia, i. q. Edessa. X. of Mesopotamia, 
i. q. Nisibis. XI. of Susiana, i. q. 
Charax. 

Antiochiana, the s. division of Lycaonia. 

Antiochis, I. a tribe or ward of Attica, 
named after Antiochus, son of Hercules ; 

II. a district of Syria, about Antioch; 

III. of Cilida, i. q. Lamotis. 

Antip atria, a town of Phoebatis, lUyria, 
S.E. of Chrysondio. 

Antip ATRis, prius Kapharsaba, a t. of Sa- 
maria, towards the sea, 12 m. n.e. from 
Joppa. Enlarged by Herod, and named 
by him Antipatris, in honour of his father. 
Kaffr Suba, 

Antiphellus, a port of Lyda, over against 
Megiste ins. (6|), s.e. of Phellus. Vathry: 
Antifilo, 

ANTiPHiLiS, a maritime town of Dada, bet. 
Arpis and Cremniscus. 

Antiphra, I. an isl. of Marmarica, over 
against Antiphra. II. a maritime town of 
Marmarica, e. of Catabathmus Major. 

AntIpolis, capital of the Dedates, Narbo- 
nensis II., on the coast bet. Yar fl. (10) 
and Ad Horrea (12). Founded by the 
Phocseans drca 500 B.C. Antibes, 

Antifyrgos, a port of Marmarica, bet. 
Scythranius portus and Petrse parvsB 
portus. 

Antiquaria, a town of the Turtetani, 
Bsetica, bet. Astapa n.w. and Ilipula 
Magna n.e. Antiquera. 

Antirrhium prom. (Rhium Molycricum, 
Rhium jEtolicum), a headland of ^tolia, 
at the inner entrance to the Corinthiacus 
sin., over against Rhium in Arcadia, from 
which it is distant 5 stadia, according to 
Strabo, 7 according to Thucydides, 10 ac- 
cording to Scylax. 

Antissa, a town of Lesbos ins., n. of 
Sigrium prom. The birth-place of Ter- 
pander. Calas Limneonas. 

Antistiana, a town of the Lseetani, Tarra- 
conensis, n.w. of Carthago vetus. 

Antitaurus, a nd^'e ol T«ssi\ia\siM^P'SDCKssi% 



ANT 



38 



APA 



through Cappadoda to the Euphrates. 
Alidagh, 

Antium, I. the early name of Genua. II. 
capital of the Volsd, Latium, on Mare In- 
ferum, bet. LaTinium (17) and Astura (7)» 
on the Via Seyeriana. Founded by Anthias, 
son of Circe, or by Ascanius. A colonia. 
468 B.C. The birth-place of Nero, and of 
the historian Valerius ; the death-place of 
Coriolanus. Here were found the Apollo 
Belvedere, the Fighting Gladiator, &c. ; 
and hence were tsJcen the beaks of the 
ships, which were formed into the chief 
Rostrum of the Forum at Rome. Porto 
d*Anzo and Nettuno. 

ANTiYESTiEnM prom., i. q. Bolerium. 

Antobroges, a people of Aquitania, n. of 
the Tasconi. About Antouin, in the diocese 
qf Cohort^ and in the diocese of MontaU' 
ban, 

Antona il., i. q. Avona. 

Antonacum, a town of the Treveri, Ger- 
mania II., on the Rhine, bet. Bonna (16^) 
and Confluentes (13^. Andemach. 

Antonini vallum, Britannia, a renovation 
by Lollius Urbicus, under Antoninus Pius 
(a.b. 140), of the second wall of Agricola, 
bet. Glota eestuarium and Bodotria sestua- 
rium. Gr€eme*s Dyke. 

Antoninopolis, I. a town of Bithynia, 28 m. 
from Anadynata. Founded by Antoninus. 
Tsckerkiesch. II. Tela, of Mesopotamia, 
E. of Edessa and Dara. Named by Con- 
stantius Constantia, and by Maximian 
Maximianopolis. Tel Kiuran, 

Antron (Antronse), a town of Phthiotis, 
Thessaly, s.b. of Pteleum, at the entrance 
. of Pagasseus sin. Noted for its mill- 
stones. Agios Teodoros, 

Antros ins., an isl. of Aquitania II., at the 
mouth of Garumna it. It was reputed to 
rise and fall with the tide. Corduan, 

Anuath, a town of Samaria, bet. Silo n.e. 
and Geba s. 

Anubingara, a port of Taprobane, m, bet. 
Phasis and Nagadiba. 

Anurogrammum, a city of Taprobane, un- 
der Gralibi m. w., 8 m. E. from Jogana. 
Anarodffitrro. 

Anxa, Japy^ee, i. q. CaUipolis. 

Anxantia, postea Anzino, Ansnino, a town 
of the Marsi, Sabinium, on Fudnus lac., 
N.w. above Lucus Angitise. Poggio Fi- 
lippo, 

AitxXkum, I. a town of Daunia, Apulia, at 
the mouth of Cerbalus it., bet. Sipontum 
andSalinse. Rivoli. II. (Anxia, .^iza), of 
the Frentani, Samnium, bet. Ortona (10) 
and Annum (4), on Via Flaminia. A co- 
lonia. Laneiano Veeehio. 



Anxia, a town of Lucania, on Casuentus fl. 
L., bet. Potentia (15) and Grumentum 
(18). Anzi. 

Anxur, the Volsdan name of Tairacina, 
Latium. 

Anydrus, I. an isl. of Ionia, in Hermios 
sin., over against Clazomense. II. one of 
the summits of Hymettus m. Lampro 
Vouni, 

Anygath, postea Angadrat, a town of 
Ethiopia, w. towards the Niger. Aghade, 

Anzitene (Azetene), a district of Sophene, 
Arm., on the Euphrates, L., above Amida. 
Hanozith, 

Aoi stena, a defile of .^Iropus m., on the 
confines of Illyria and Epirus, through 
which Aous ft. runs. Near Clissura. 

AoNES, a tribe of Leleges, occupying Aonius 
Campus in Boeotia, prior to the invasion 
of Cadmus. Named after Aon, son of 
Neptune. 

AoNiA, the primitive name of Boeotia. 

AoNius campus, Boeotia, the plain in which 
Thebes stood. 

AoRATA saltus, a defile in Lentiani coUes, 
bet. Cyzicus and Lopadium. 

AoRNOS, I. a fortress of the Assacani, India, 
on a rock at the junction of the Cophes 
with the Indus. Deemed impregnable 
imtil taken by Alexander. II. of Bac- 
triana, situate on a high rock near 
Bactra. 

AoRSi (Adorsi), a.people of Sarmatia Asiat., 
who from tiie n.w. shore of the Caspian 
removed to the Tanais. 

AoRUS fl., Arcadia, i. q. Arsanius. 

Aous fl. (Alorus), Illyr., i. q. ^as. 

APiEsns, I. a r. of Mysia, felling into Pro- 
pontis, w. of Priapus. Beiram-dere. II. 
Psesus, a town of M3rsia, bet. Parium and 
Lampsacus, on Apsesus fl. A Milesian 
settlement. 

APAiTiE, a later name of the Cercetse, in 
Pontus. 

Apamaris (Arimara), a town of Cyrrhestica, 
Syr., on tiie Eupluutes, bet. Eragiza and 
Serrhae (8). 

Apamea, prius Pella, I. a dty of Apamene^ 
near the Orontes, x. of Larissa. Built by 
Antigonus ; re-named by Seleucus Nica- 
tor after his queen. Kalaat el Medyh ; 
Phamiat. II. of Bithynia, 24 m. n. of 
Prusa, built on the site of Myrtea, by 
Prusias, and named after his queen. A 
colonia of Julius Csesar (Julia Concordia). 
Modania. III. (Arsace), sumamed Ra- 
giana, Raphiana, of Medea-Choarene, 10 
geog. m. s. of Caspise portee, s.e. 
of Ragee. IV. (Sdeuda), of Osrhoene^ 
on the Euphrates, and opposite Zeugma, 



APA 



39 



APH 



with which it was oonnected by a bridge. 
Built by Sdeucos. Boum-Kakij 2 m. n. 
from El Bir. V. pritts Cibotus, a dty of 
Fhrygia Magna, on Mseander it., above its 
junction with Glaucus fl., e.n.b. of Chonse. 
Built by Antiochus Soter, and named after 
his motiier Apama. The second commer- 
cial dty of Asia Minor. Deenare, YI. of 
Babyl., on the Tigris, at the confluence of 
the Euphrates. Kama, 

Apamenb, a district of Syria, e. of Cas- 
siotis. 

Apanjeste, a town of Peucetia, on Via 
Frentana, bet. Barium (22) and Egnatia 
(16). S, Vito. 

Apabni (Pamse), a people of Sogdiana. 

Apartheni, a people of Sarmatia Asiat., 
about the sources of Imites fl. 

Apasida, a town of Colchis, at the mouth 
of Adnasis fl. 

Apaturus (Apaturum), a town of Cherso- 
nesus Taurica, near Cimmerium prom. 
Named from a temple of Venus Apatura. 

Apavartice (Abarbina), capital of Apa- 
yarcticene, Margianse. 

Apavarcticene (Arcticene), a district of 
Parthia, s.e. The seat of the Abii. 

Aperl^ (Aperree), a town of Lyda, at 
Acroterium prom., 7it m. w. from Si- 
mena. 

Apelaurus m., a m. of Arcadia, 1| m. from 
Stymphalus. 

Apenninus m., m. running through Italy 
from Alpes Maritimse, about Genua, to 
the coast of the Adriatic, near Ancona, 
Garganus prom., then inclining to Inferum 
mare, and terminating, after a course of 
700 m., at Leucopetra prom. Apennines, 

Aperantia, I. a district of ^tolia, bounded 
N. by Athamania, w. by Amphilochia, e. 
by iEjiiania and Dolopia. Carpenitze. 
II. its capital, on Campylus fl. Carpe- 
nitze, 

Aperopia ins., an isl. of Argolis, in Her- 
mionus sin. Dhoho, 

Apes AS m. (Apesus, Apsesantus), a m. of 
Argolis, E. of Nemea, whence Theseus 
took his flight. 

Apharsites, a colony from Chaldsa settled 
in Samaria. 

Aphas, a r. of the Molossi, Epirus. 

Aphbk (Aphaka), I. a dty of Asher, bet. 
Heliopolis and Byblus, on Adonis fl. 
Noted for a temple of Astarte (Venus), 
and for a lake, the water of which bore 
any wdght, however ponderous. Afka. 

II. of Graulonitis, bet. Ghuilon and Hippus. 

III. of Judaea, on the borders of Judah 
and Benjamin, e. of Jerusalem, where the 
Philistines took the Ark from the He- 



brews. Feik, rV. of Issachar, a royal 
dty of the Canaanites, n. of Jezreel. In 
its neighbourhood occurred the battle fatal 
to Saul and Jonathan. 

Apherema, i. q. Ephraim. 

APHETiB, a port at the w. entrance of the 
Pagassus sin., below Larissa, deriving its 
name from the departure hence of the 
Argonauts. Fetio, 

Aphidantes, a tribe of Molossi, Epirus. 

Aphidna, I. a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Leontis, near Deceleia, 15 m. n.w. from 
Athens, where Theseus concealed Helena. 
II. a town of Laconia. 

Aphle, a town of Chaldsea, on the Eu- 
phrates, below its confluence with the 
Tigris. 

Aphnitis palus, a lake of Mysia, e. of 
Zelea. 

Aphora (Gephora), a maritime town of 
Tripolis, Africa, bet. Gretullum and Me- 
gerthis. 

Aphrodisias, I. an isl. of Bsetica, i. q. 
Junonis ins. II. Lsea, an isl. of Cyre- 
naica, n.w. of Damis. III. a maritime 
district of .£olis Asiat., opposite Lesbos. 

IV. a prom, of Caria, in Doridis sin., bet. 
Schsenus sin. and Thymnias sin. V. a 
town of Aphrodisias ins., CyrenaicK. VI. 
prius Leleges, Megalopolis, Ninoe, a town 
of Caria, on Orsinus fl., 8 m. above An- 
tiochia ad Maeandrum, on the borders of 
Phrygia. Gheira, VII. of Cilida Trachea, 
at Zephyrium prom. (w.). VIII. of La- 
conia, on the e. shore of Bseaticus sin., s. 
of Cotyrta. Founded by ^neas. IX. of 
Thrace, at the entrance of Chersonnesus 
Thradus, bet. Apri (34) and Callipolis 
(35), on Egnatia Via. 

Aphrodisum (Pyrenseum, Veneris), I. a 
prom, of Tarraconensis, the termination of 
the Pyrenees, on the Mediterranean, n. 
of Rhodes. C. Creux. II. a town of Ar- 
cadia. III. of Cyprus, on the n. coast, 
8} m. N. from Saiamis. IV. of Zeugitana, 
on Neapolitanus sin., n. of Hadrumetum. 

V. a haven of Numidia, 8. of Hippo Re- 
gius. El Berber, VI. the middle basin 
of Piraeus, Athen. 

Aphrodite. Vide Myos Hormus. 

Aphroditis, a town of Thebais, bet. Didy- 
mis and Compasis. 

Aphroditopolis, I. a town of Heptanomis, 
on the Nile, R., bet. Ancyronpolis and 
Acanthus. Atfyh. II. of Lower Egypt, 
on the Bubastic branch of the Nile, above 
Bubastus. III. of Thebais, on the Nile, 
L., bet. Abotis and CrocodUopolis. Tachta, 

Aphytis, a town of Pallene, Macedonia, on. 
Thermaicoa «xi., &. QfCo^^^asn^- 



API 



40 



APO 



Apia., the early name of Peloponnesus; from 
Apis, son of ApoUo, or from Apis, son of 
Telchin. 

Apim campus, a plain of Mysia, above Thebe 
and Adiumyttium, n. of Temnus m. 

Apiarium, a town of the Contestani, Tanra- 
conens., bet. Salaria w. and Ibis b. 

Apiates, a people of Novem Populana, w. 
of the Bigerrones. About Accous, 

Apicilia, a town of the Cami, Venetia, on 
Tilavemptus Major fl., L., bet. Concordia 
(9) and Ad Undecim (10), on Via .£milia. 
Latisana. 

ApidXnus fl., a river of Achaia, in Phthiotis, 
Thessal., rising near Xynias lac., and fall- 
ing into Peneus fl. at Phadum. Vlacho 
loni. 

Apxlas fl., a r. of Pieria, Macedonia, falling 
into Thermaicus sin. at Heradeium. 

Afina, a town of the Monades, Apulia, to- 
wards Arpi. 

Apira (Aparisdocome), a town of Phrygia 
Pacatiana. 

Apis, I. a town of Cyrenaica, on the coast 
bet. Euschoenus and Diarrhoee. II. of 
Lower Egypt, on Mareotis palus, s. III. 
of Libya .£gypti, 5 m. w. from Parseto- 
nium. According to Scylax, the w. boun- 
dary of Egypt. 

Apo, a town of the ^^bocenses, Dacia, on 
Apus fl. 

Apobatana, L q. Ecbatana Mediae. 

Apobathmi, a place of Argolis, on Argolicus 
sin., near Anigrsea, where Danaus first 
landed. 

Apobathra, a point on the coast, near 
Sestos, where Xerxes' ship struck against 
the ice. 

Apocopa m. (PoinstheOn), I.ti m. of India 
i. Gangem, n.e. of Canthy sin. II. the 
coast of Azania, Ethiopia. 

Apocremnus prom. (Hypocremnus), a prom, 
of Ionia, at Chytrium, opposite Drymusa 
ins. Eaomeno, 

Apodoti, a people of ^tolia, occupying the 
country s. of Evenus fl. 

Apollinarium, a town of the Helvii, Nar- 
bonensis. Aubenas* 

Apollinis prom., apr. of Mauritania Csesar., 
E. of Chinalaph fl. C Mostagan, II. 
Minor Ciyitas, a town of Thebais, on 
the Nile, L., bet. Lyoopolis and Hypsele. 

Apollinopolis Magna (Apollinos Supe- 
rior), I. a town of Thebais, on the Nile, L., 
bet. Hieracanpolis andContra-Toum. The 
inhabitants were great enemies to croco- 
diles. Eelfu, II. Parva, posiea Maxi- 
mianopolis ? a town of Thebais, on the Nile, 
R., bet. Coptos and Thebse. 

Apollonla, I. a town of the Apodoti, ^to- 



lia, N.w. of Potidania. II. capital of Apol- 
loniatis Assyr., on Physcus fl., s.e. of 
Dara. III. Albanum, i. q. Heraclea- 
Albaca. IV. of Chalddice, in Macedonia, 
on the Egnatia Via, bet. Heradea (11) and 
Bromiscus (11). Pollina. V. of Crete, on 
the N. coast, bet. Cytseum and Gnossus. 
Near Candia. VI. postea Sozusa, of Cy- 
renaica, 10 m. N.E. from Cyrene. Marza 
Sttsa. VII. a town on one of Echinades 
ins. VIII. of Judsea, bet. Assur n. and 
Joppa 8. Orsuf. IX. ad Rhyndacum, 
of Mysia, on a peninsula at the n.w. ex- 
tremity of Apolloniates lac. Abulliona. 
X. of Mysia, near Assus. XI. pritts Mar- 
gium, of Phrygia Magna, bet. Apamea 
Cibotus (24) and Antiochia ad Pisidiam. 
Ketsi Bourlu. XII. of Pisidia, 24 m. e. 
from Apamea. Sandakleh. XIII. of Si- 
cily, bet. Calacta and Aluntium. XIV. of 
Siphnos ins., on the e. coast. Castro. 

XV. of the Taulantii, Illyria, on iEas fl., 
R., about 7 m. from its mouth. A Corcjrrian 
colony, celebrated for its laws and its cul- 
tivation of literature, especially the Greek, 
which Augustus studied here. Polina. 

XVI. poatea SozopoUs, of the Odrysse, 
Thrace, on the Euxine, s. of Anchialus. 
A Milesian settlement. Siseboli. XVII. of 
the Sapsei, Thrace, on the Strymonicus 

. sin., bet. Acontisma and the mouth of 
Nestus fl. XVIII. sumamed Macrobia, 
on the site of Acrothoos. The inhabitants 
were said to Uve longer than other men. 

Apollonias, I. priu8 Thynias, an isl. of 
Bithynia, in the Euxine, 3 m. e. from 
Rhoe. II. an isl. of Lycia. III. a town of 
Apollonias ins., Bithynia. 

Apollonis (Apollonoshieron), I. a town of 
Lydia, s. of Hiera Cssarea, 37^ m. from 
Pergamum. Bullene. II. a town of Crete. 

Apolloniatis, I. a district of Assyria, bet. 
Chalonitis and Sittacene. Arioch. II. a 
lake of Mysia, on the borders of Bithynia, 
prindpally formed by Rhyndacus fl. Lake 
Abulliona. 

Apollonieis, a demus of Attica, of the 
tribe Acamantis. 

Apollonium prom. (Pulchrum), a pr. of 
Zeu^tana, at the n. entrance of Cartha- 
ginensis sin. 

Apollonoshieron, Lydise, i. q. Apollonis. 

Apoloous, a town of Characene, Babylonia, 
on one of the artificial issues of the Eu- 
phrates, w. of Charax. 

Aponi fons (Aquse Patavinie), baths of Ve- 
netia, 6 m. s.w. frt)m Patavium, whose 
waters, besides being considered to cure 
" without pain,'' were reputed prophetic. 
The birth-place of Livy. Bagni d*Abano, 



APO 



41 



AQU 



Aporisdocomb, i. q. Apira, in Phrygia. 
Apostana, a maritime town of Persis, bet 

Areon fl. and Bagrada fl. 
Afpha, a town of Pftrthia, s.w. of Tabas. 
Afphadana, apud Ptolemseum, i. q. Dara, 

Mesopotamia. 
Apphana ins., an isl. of Susiana, in Persicus 

sin., off Sacer sin. 
Appia, a town of Phrygia, near Synnada. 
Appianum, a town of f£e Tridentmi, Rhstia, 

N.S. of Ennemasse. 
Appiaria, a town of the Gretse, Moesia, on 

the Danube, bet. Transmarisca and Tegree. 
Appioljs, a town of the Yolsd, Latium, bet. 

Setia and Priyemum. Dest. byTarquinius 

Priscus. 
Aprositos ins., i. q. Pluvialia. 
Aprus, a town of the Apsynthii, Thrace, on 

Melas fl., bet. Zesutera (12) and Bedizus 

(12). A colonia of Claudius. 
Aprusa fl., a r. of Umbria, felling into the 

Adriatic s. of Ariminum. Auaa, 
Aprustum (Abystrum), a town of the 

Bruttii, Lucania, n.w. of Thurii. Arguato, 
Apsalus, a town of Ahnopoeia, Macedonia, 

on Trigonus fl., w. of Anavasarium. 
Apsarus, I. (Apsarrus, Acampsis), a r. of 

Pontus, forming the junction of Glaucus 

and Lycus fl., and falling into the Euxine, 

2 m. N. from Apsarum. Tchorohaou, II. 

(Apsyrtus), a port of Pontus, bet. Achabis 

fl. (7i) and Apsarus fl. (2). Named Ap- 
syrtus from Medea, whose tomb was shown 

in the vicinity. Gonieh, 
ApsihJE (Apsilii), a town of Colchis, on the 

Phasis, bet. the Abasgi and the Lazi. 
Apsorus, I. chief of the Apsyrtides ins., li- 

bumise, s. of Apsyrtium. Osero, II. its 

capital, at the n. extremity. 
Apsus fl. (Thapsus), a r. of Illyria, rising in 

Bercetesius m., s.s. of Codrion, and falBng 

into the Adriatic below Asparagium, 15 m. 

s. from Genusus fl. Ergent; Beratino. 
Apsinthii, a people of Thrace, on the Melas 

sinus, N.w. of Chersonnesus Thracius. 

Their district was noted for the plant 

called after them. 
Apsinthus, Thradse, i. q. ^nos. 
Apsyrtides ins., prius Brigeides, four isl. 

of libumia, in the Adriatic, off Polaticum 

prom. Named from Apsyrtus, brother of 

Medea. 
Apstrtis ins., an isl. of Libumia, s. of 

Crepsa ins. Ferosina. 
Apsyrtium ins., one of Apsyrtides ins., Li- 

bnmiis, s. of Apsarus. Cherao. 
Apta Julia (Civitas Aptensium), a town of 

the Yulgientes, Narbonensis II., bet. 

Cabellio (12) and Alaunium. A colonia. 

Apt, 



Aptera, a town of Crete, in the s.£. angle 
of Martilus sin., 10 m. w. from Cydonia. 
The locality of the defeat of the Syrens by 
the Muses, whence the name *' wingless." 
PaliEO'Castro, 

Aptuchi Fanum, postea Aptungis, Balacra, 
a maritime town of Pentapolis, Cyrenaics, 
15 m. s.w. from Physcus. 

Apua, capital of the Apuani, in Liguria, n. 
of Luna. * 

Apuani, a people of Liguria, contiguous to 
tlie Briniates, afterwards removed to Sam- 
nium. 

Afuli, descendants of the Osd, settled with 
the Dauni, in Apulia. 

Apulia, originally the district of Italy, along 
the E. coast, s.e. of the Frentani, occupied 
by the ApuU. Later the entire s.e. of the 
peninsula e. of Lucania and Samnium, s. 
of the Frentani. 

Apulia Daunia, Plana, vide Daunia. 

Apulum (Apula, Augustum), postea Alba 
Julia, a town of the Burideenses, Dacia, on 
Marisus fl., 8 m. n. from Blandiana. A 
colonia. Weissenhurg. 

Apus fl., a r. of Daoa, falling into the 
Danube below the junction of Margus fl. 
Nera, 

Aqua Ferentina, the source of Ferentina 
fl., near Apiolse, Latium. The council 
place of the confederate Latin cities. 

AauA Martia, a canal from Fadnus lac. to 
Rome, through Tibur. 

AauA Tepula, a watercourse from Tusculum 
to Rome, constructed by the censors Caepio 
and Longinus, and M. Agrippa. Tepu 
duccia, 

AauA Virgo, a watercourse from Tusculum 
to Rome. Aqua Vergine. 

AauA Viva, I. a town of Etruria, on Tiberis 
fl., R., bet. Ad Centesimum (7) and Ocri- 
culum, on Via Flaminia, s.e. of Falerii. 
Aqua Viva. II. of the Jassii, Pannonia, 
on Dravus fl., R., bet. Ramista (10) and 
Populi. 

Aau^, I. baths of Germania Magna, n.e. of 
Cambete. (Civitas Aurelia Aquensis). Ba- 
den. II. baths of Mauritania Caesar., bet. 
Suffasar (26) and Tanaramusa. A colonia. 
Hamam Meriga. III. of the Tigurini, 
Maxima Sequanorum, s.w. of Augusta 
Rauracorum. IV. of Zeugitana, 19 m. s.e. 
from Musti. V. of Zeugitana, near Aves. 
VI. AxBULEiB, a sulphureous lake, with 
floating islands, at Tibur, emptying itself 
into the Tiber. It gave name to the 
Tiburtine Sibyl. VII. Ano^, baths of 
Bruttium, n.w. of Lametus. VIII. Apol- 
linares, of Etruria, on Minio fl., bet. 
Sabate (10) and Tarquinii (12), on. Vva* 



AQU 



42 



AQU 



Claudia. Bagni di Stigliano, IX. Aba- 
TSNiE, of Cappadoda, 8. of Zama. X. 
Ardeatjb, of Latium, near Ardea. Sol- 
forata. XI. Augustjb, Grallia, i. q. Tar- 
bellics. XII. BALisSiE, of the Oseriatse, 
Fannoma, bet Varianee and Inicemm (25). 
Near Daruvar, XIII. Bilbilitan-s, of 
the Celtiberif Tanraconensis, on Salo ^., L., 
]6 m. w. from Bilbilia. Alhama, XTV. 
* BoRBONiiE (Bormonis), of the Bitoriges 
Cubi, Aquituiia I., bet. Sitilia (24) and 
Tinconiam. Bourbon VArchambatUt. XV. 
CiERET AN js, of Etruria, near Caere. Bagni 
di Sasso. XVI. C^bsaris, of Numidia, 
bet. Ad Mercurium and Theveste (7)* 
XVII. CsLiNiE, of the Celinse, Tarraco- 
nensis, s. of Iria Flavia. Caldas del Rey, 
XVIII.CALiDiE, bathsof the Arvemi, Aqni- 
tania I., n. of Augustonemetum. Vichy. 
XIX. of Astica, Thrace, bet. Anchialos 
and Calybe. XX. of the Grabali, Aquita- 
nia I., N.w. of Anderitam (27). Aiguea 
Chaudes, XXI. Caldenses, of the Lsee- 
taniy Tarraconensis, bet. Subis and 
Iloro. XXII. CoNVENARUM, bet. Op- 
pidum Novum and Lugdunum (26). BO' 
gneres en Bigorre. XXIII. Cuman^, of 
Cumse, Campania. XXIV. Cutilia, of 
Cutiliae, Sabinium. The death-place of 
Vespasian. XXV. Dacic^, of Mauritania 
Tmg., bet. Gilda and Volubilis. XXVI. 
Ellopi^, of Ellopia, Euboea, towards 
Histisea. XXVII. Flavxs, of the Bracari, 
Tarraconensis, e.n.e. of Bracara August. 
Chaves. XXVIII. Helvetub (Castellum 
Aquarum), of Tugenus pagus, s.e. of Vin- 
donessa. XXIX. Herculis, of Numidia, 
s.w. of Calceus Herculis, under Audus m., 
N. XXX. HrPsiTANiE, of Sardinia, at 
Forum Trajani. XXXI. Jassi^e, of the 
Jassii, Pannonia, n.e. of Poetovium. 

XXXII. Labanjb, of Sabinium, near No- 
mentum. Bagni di Grotta Marozza. 

XXXIII. Labodes, Sicily, i. q. Thermae 
Selenuritiee. XXXIV. Lesitan^, of Sar- 
dinia, near Lesa. XXXV. Mattiacjb, of 
the Mattiad, Germania, n.w. of Mogun- 
tiacnm. Wisbaden. XXXVI. Neapoli- 
tan Ji, of Sardinia, 8.E. of Neapolis. Acqua 
di Corsari. XXXVII. Ner^b, of the 
Bituriges Cubi, Aquitania I., bet. Medio- 
lanum (18) and Cantilia (22). Neris. 
XXXVIII. Nisbnii, of the JSdui, Gallia, 
on Niveris fl., R., below Pocrinium. 
Bourbon Lancy. XXXIX. Onebiorum, of 
the Onesii, Novem Populana, near Aquae 
Convenarum. Bagneres-Ozon, near Ba- 
gnh-es en Bigorre. XL. Orioenis, of the 
Luoenses, Tarraconensis, on Minius fl., L., 
above the junction of Bilbilis fl. Orense, 



XLI. Pannonia, of the Boii, Pannonia, 
8. bet. Vindobona and Scarabantia (31). 
Baden. XLII. Passeris, of Etruria, near 
Fanum Voltumnse, s. of Volsinius lac, 
bet. Forum Cassii and Vulsinii, on \]a 
Cassia. Bagni di Serpa. XLIII. Pisana, 
of Etruria, 3 m. n.e. from Pisse. Bagm 
di Pisa. XLIV. Populonl«, of Etruria, 
8. of the mouth of Lynceus fl., on Falesia 
portus, bet. Manilia and Populonium, on 
Via Aurelia. Caldane. XLV. Querquen- 
THJB., of the Bracari, Tarraconensis, on 
limia fl., L., above limia. Banos de 
Molgas. XLVI. Quintiana, of the Lu- 
oenses, Tarraconensis, on Navius fl., L., 
near its source. XLVII. Reoia, of 
Epirus, near Chimera. ArgyrO'Castro. 
XLVII I. of Byzacene, bet. Aggarsel (14) 
and Terentum. XLIX. Seget^b, of the 
Segusiani, Lugdunensis I., near the sources 
of liger fl., bet. Forum S^;usianorum 
(13^) and Iddmagus (25^). L. Segestje, 
of the Senones, Lugdunensis IV., bet. 
Agenticum (33) and Ad Fines (22). Near 
Sceaux, LI. SEXiiiE, of the Salyes or 
Salluvii, Narbonensis II., bet. Tegulata 
(15) and Masdlia (15). The first Roman 
settlement in Gaul. A oolonia of the Consul 
Sextus Calvinus, 123 B.C. Enl. by Au- 
gustus. The locality of a great defeat of 
the Cimbri by Marius. Aix. LII. Sicca, 
baths of the Consorani, Novem Populana, 
bet. Calagorris (16) and Vemosola (15). 
Aigues Seches. LIII. Sinuessanjb, of 
Laiium, near Sinuessa. Deemed benefictal 
for barrenness in women and insanity in 
men. Bagni. LIV. Solis, rectius Sulis, 
postea Balnia, Badiza, Bathonia, of the 
Belgse, Brit., on Aufona fl., R., bet. Abone 
and Verludo. A colonia. Its baths were 
noted 800 b.c. Sacred to the goddess 
Sulis. Bath. LV. Statiblla (Ad Aquas), 
of the Statielli, Liguria, bet. Crixia (20) 
and Dertona, on Bormias fl. Memorable 
for the defeat of the Carthaginian Mago. 
Acqui. LVI. TACAPiTANiE, of Africa, 16 
m. w. from Tacape. LVII. Tarbbllica, 
(Augustse), postea Aquensis Urbs, of the 
Tarbelli, Novem Populana, on Aturus fl., 
8.E. of Mosconnum (24). lyAqs. LVIII. 
Tauri, of Etruria, 3 m. e. from Centum- 
oellse. Said to have been discovered by a 
bull, whence the name. Bagni di Ferrata. 
LIX. TEANiE,of the Sididni, near Teanum. 
Acqua deUe Caldarelle. LX. Tibilitana» 
of Numidia, n.w. of Tibilis, bet. Cirta and 
Hippo Regius. Anuouna. LXI. Vbtvlo- 
viM (Veliase), of Etruria, on the coast, w. 
of Vdutonium, bet. Populonium (16) and 
Vada Volaterrana (23). Vetuli. LXIL 



AQU 



43 



ARA 



VocoNiS) of the Ausetani, Tanraconensis, 
s.B. of Geninda. Caldas de Malavella. 
LXIII. VoLATERBAN^, of Etmria, v.w, 
of Volateme. Monte Cerberi, 

AauARTiLLB, a town of Numidia, bet. Cirta 
and Numitnriannm. 

Aquila; I. Major (Jagath), a town of Mau- 
ritania Ting., at tiie mouth of Tamuda fl., 
bet. Fhoebi prom, and Taenia longa. II. 
Minor, a town of Mauritania Ting., on 
the Mediteiranean, bet. Abyla and Phoebi 
prom. 

AauiLARiA, a town of Zeugitana, on Car- 
thaginensis sin., s.w. of Mercurii prom., 
22 m. from Clupea. 

AauiLEiA, I. a dty of the Cami, Venetia, 
on Natisus fl., 8 ^m. above its mouth, bet. 
Timavus and Ad Undedmum, on the Via 
JSmiHa. Founded by the Argonauts, 
1350 B.C. The nint^ city of the empire, 
and the entrepot of the commerce between 
Rome and lUyria. The name was given 
from the augury of an eagle. Aquila. 
II. a town of BJisetia, bet. Ad Luna (20) 
and Opie (18). Gunzburg, III. of Etru- 
ria, on Amus il. L., bet. Biturgia (14) and 
Florentia (15), on Via Cassia. Incisa, 

AauiLiANis Nova, a town of Zeugitana, 
bet. Armoscla and Picus. 

AauiLO, a town of Daunia-Apulia, on Via 
Egnatina, bet. Equus Tuticus and JEcss. 
Buecola di Troja, 

Aau^LONiA, I. a town of the Hirpini, Sam- 
nium, on Via Appia, bet. Sub Romula 
(11) and Pons Aufidi (6). Lacedopna. 
II. of the Pentri, Samnium, towards the 
confines of Latium, 20 m. n.w. from 
Bovianum. Agnone, 

AauiNATES, a people of Gallia Cispadana, 
towards Forum Livii. 

AauxNUM, I. a town of the Boii, Gallia 
Cispadana, s. of Mutina. Acguario, II. 
of the Volsci, in Latium, on Via Latina, 
bet. Fabratera (8) and Casinum (9). A 
oolonia. The birth-place of Juvenal. 
Aquino. 

Aauis Granum {prins Vegerra), baths of 
the Eburones, Germania II., s.w. of Mar- 
codurum. Founded by Granus, brother of 
Kero. Aaeh: Aix-la-Chapelle, 
Aq,T7itaki, GaUia, i. q. Tarbellici. 
AauiTANiA, a province of Gaul, under Au- 
gustas. Bounded n. and b. by the Liger, 
8. by the Pyrenees, w, by the sea. It 
« comprised the subdivisions of Novem Po- 

pnlana, Aquitania I. and Aquitania II. 
AauiTANiA I., the B. subdivision of Aqui- 
tania, bounded (generally), n. and b. by 
the liger, s. by the Garumna, w. by a 
line beik. Tasdaca, m. and e. of Agen- 



num, s. Departments of CheVf Indre^ 
Allier, Cantaly Puy de Ddme, Tarn et 
Garonne, Corrkze, Haute Vienne, 
AauiTANiA II., the w. subdivision of Aqui- 
tania. Bounded x. by the Liger, s. by 
the Grarumna, w, by the sea, b. by Aqui- 
tania I. Departments of Vendee, Deux 
Sevres, Vienne, Charente Ir^rieure, and 
portions qf Lot et Garonne and Gironde. 

Ar (Rabbah-Moab, Rabmathon, Rabbath 
Moma, Areopolis), the metropolis of 
Moab, N.w. of Zoar, 25 m. s. of Amon fl. 
El Rabbi, 

Araducta, a town of the Bracari, Tarraoo- 
nensis, s.e. of Catraleucum. 

Ara Miner vje ins. (Ara Palladis), an islet 
of the Troglodytse, in the Red Sea, off 
Mnemium prom. Magarzawe. 

Ara Tutelje, a maritime village of Corsica, 
E. bet. Mariana and Alista. 

Ara Ubiorum, the early name of Agrippina 
Colonia. 

Arabia, the country of the Arabes, de- 
scendants of Jokton. Bounded n. by 
Palestine and the Syrian Desert, n.e. by 
Persicus sin., b. and s.e. by Erythreeum 
mare, s.w. by Arabicus sinus, w. by 
Egypt. It comprised Arabia Deserta, 
Arabia Felix, and Arabia Petrsea. 

Arabia Deserta (Ergmos), the inland por- 
tion of Arabia n. towards the Desert of 
Syria. 

Arabia Felix (Eudaimdn), the maritime 
portions of Arabia. Yemen and Hejoz. 

Arabia Petrsa, the n.w. portion of Arabia, 
bet. Palestine and Arabicus sin. 

Arabi^e Felicis Emporium, Arabia Felix 
(Eden, Ophir? postea Adane), a port of 
the Homeritse, Arabia, bet. Ammonii 
prom, and Abisama. Aden. 

Arabici montes, m. of Egypt, e. of the 
Nile. Djebel Mokkatam. 

AbabYcus sin., i. q. Rubrum mare. 

Arabingara, a maritime town of Tapro- 
bane, on the s.w. coast. Colombo. 

Arabis fl. (Arbis, Arabius), I. a r. of Gedro- 
sia, falling into Terabdon sin. e. of Pagala. 
It separates the Oritse from the Arabitse. 
Purally. Il.capitalofthe Arabitse, Gedro- 
sia, on Arabis fl. Pura. III. a town of Me- 
roe, on the Nile, R., bet. Primis parva and 
Napata. 

Arabisci, a tribe of Scordisd in Pannonia, 
bet. the Danube and the Savus. 

Arabissus, a town of Cappadoda, on Py- 
ramus fl., bet. Plandari (22) and Osdara 
(28). 

ARABiTiE (Arabics), a people of Gedrosia, 
extending 25 geog. m. along the coast bet. 
the Indus and the Arabia. Luz. 



ARA 



44 



ARA 



Ababiteus m., m. of the Arabitse, in Gredro- 

sia, parallel with the Indus, and tenni- 

nating over against Bibacte ins. 
ABABRACiE, a town of Cappadoda. 
Araca, a town of Susiana-Cissia, on the 

Tigris, below Agra. 
Abaceli, a town of the Varduli, Tarraco- 

nensis, bet. Tritium n.w. and Alanton 

S.E. 

Akachn^us m. (Hysselinus, prius Sapy- 
selaton), a m. of Argolis, on the con- 
fines of Corinthia, n. of Lessa. Monte 
Sophico. 

Arachosia, a division of Aria, bounded n. 
by Bactria, s. by Gedrosia, w. by Dran- 
giana, at Etymandrus fl., e. by India, at 
tiie Indus. Harauwatish; Kutch-Gun- 
daua, 

Arachot^ (Arachoti, Arachotri), the people 
of Arachosia. 

Arachotus (Cophen, Culis), I. capital of 
Arachosia, n.e. of Arachotus fl., bet. 
Ortospana (50 geog. m.) and Prophthasia 
(100 geog. m.). Built by Semiramis. 
II. a river of Arachosia, rising in Para- 
pomisus m. and felling into Etyman- 
drus fl. at Bestia. Urghundab ? Harau- 
woti ? III. a lake of Arachosia, formed 
by Arachotus fl. 

Arachthus fl. (ArSthon, Arsethus), a r. of 
Epirus, rising in Tymphe m., separating 
Epirus from Athamania, and falling into 
the Ambradus fm. below Ambracia. 
Arta, 

Aracia ins. (Alexandri ins.), an isl. of Per- 
sis, in Persicus sin., bet. Chersonnesus 
prom, and Hyperis fl. 

Aracillum, a town of the Autrigones, Tar- 
raconensis, on Saunium fl., n. of Julio- 
briga. 

-Aractnthus m., I. a m. of ^tolia, to- 
wards the w. coast, bet. the Achelous 
and the Evenus fl. Zigos, II. a m. of 
Boeotia. 

Arad, a city of Judsa, bet. Malatha (4) and 
Hebron (20). 

Araden (Anopolis), a town of Crete. 

Aradrispe {postea Aspadana, Aspacana), 
a town of Media, on the borders of Persis. 
Ispahan, 

Aradus, I. an isL of Arabia, in Persicus 
sin., s. of Pylora ins. II. Phoenidft, i. q. 
Arvad. 

Ar^e, I. a people of Carmania, on the con- 
fines of Gedrosia. II. a town of Mauri- 
tania Csesar., bet. Tatitti and Zabi. III. 
Alexandri, of Cilida Campestris, under 
Amanus m., near Issus. IV. FLAviiE, 
of Vindelida, e. of Tarodurum. Rothweil, 
v. MuTiiB, of the Capenates, Etruria, near 



Artena. YI. PHiLiENORUM, of Africa Pro- 
pria, on Syrtis Major, bet. Benidedari and 
Automalax, around two altars raised by 
the Carthaginians to the brothers Philsni, 
whose self-devotion extended the limits of 
Carthage hither, much farther into the 
territory of Cyrene than previously ob- 
tained. The altars were extinct in Strabo's 
time. VII. SESTiANiB (Tres Arse), three 
altars raised to Augustus, on Nerium 
prom., Tarraconensis. 
Armje ins., three islets of Caria, about Syme 

ins. 
ARiEGENUiE, capital of the Saii or Sesuvii, 
Lugdunensis II., bet. Viducasses (36) and 
Nudionum (60). Argenian. 
AruETHUS (Arethas fl.), i. q. Arachthus. 
AiLfiTHYREA, the early name of Phlius, in 
Argolis, firom Areethyria, daughter of 
Arus. I 

Aragus fl. (Arrabo), a r. of Iberia, rising 
towards Caucasise pylae, and falling, into 
the Cyrus near Harmozia. Aragvi. 
Arainus, a town of Laconia, on Laconi- 
cus sin., w. bet. Teuthrome and Las, 
where was the monument of Las. 
Aram, the Scripture name of Syria, Meso- 
potamia, Chaldsea, and Assyria, from 
Aram, fifth son of Shem. 
ARAMiEi, the Persian appellation of the 

Sace. 
Aramagara, a maritime town of Limyrica, 
Ind., bet. Tyndis (5) and Callicarias prom. 
Canvar. 
Arandis, a town of the Lusitani, on the 

Tagus, R., above Tubucd. 
Aranb (Aranis), a town of Armenia Minor, 

24 m. s.w. from Euspoena. 
AsANGiE, a town of Cappadocia, bet. Hispa 

(18) and Ciaca (9). 
Aranni, a town of the Cynetes, Lusitania, 

s.w. of Myrtilis. Ourique. 
Arantia, the earlier name of Phliasia. 
Arantinus m., a lull of Argolis, on Asopus 

fl., overlooking Phlius. Agros-basili. 
Arapachitis, a district of Assjn&f k.e. on 
the confines of Armenia Major. Named 
from Arphaxad, s. of Shem. Arphachsad; 
Aghbah. 
ARAPHiBA, an isl. of Caria. 
Araphen, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

^geis, near Myrrhenus. Raphena, 
Araplus, a town of Thradus Chersonnesus, 

on the coast s.e. of Alopeconnesus. 
Arar fl. (Araris), postea Saucona, Sangona, 
a r. of Lugdunensis I., rising in Yogesos 
m., and faUing into the Rhone at Lugdu- 
num. Sdone. 
Ararat, I. a Scriptural name of Armenia 
Major. II. a district of central Armenia 



ARA 



45 



ARC 



Major. III. a ridge of Gordysi m., in 
Ararat regie, bet. Artaxata and Arsissa- 
Thospitis lacos. On one of its peaks the 
ark rested. 

Ararus fl., Dada, i. q. Aluta. 

Abas, the first name of Phliasia, Pelop. 

Arasaxa, a town of Morimene, Cappadoda, 
bet. Codnzabala (24) and Comana. 

Arassus (Ariassus, Aarassus), a town of 
Pisidia, according to Artemidorus, of Pam- 
phylia, according to Hierodes, s.w. of 
Atalia, on Atalicos sin. 

Aratha, a town of Margiana, e. of Sina. 

Aratispi, a town of the Turtetani, Bstica, 
N. of Alontigeceli. 

Aratu, a town of the Zygritse, Marmarica, 
on the coast bet. Zygrse and Gerse. 

Araura, I. i. q. Cessero. II. a town of the 
Volcse Areoomid, on Arauris il., R., above 
Agathe. 

Arat7RACa, a town of Armenia Minor, on 
Euphrates fl., bet. Suissa (18) and Car- 
sagis (24). 

Arauris fl. (Rauraris), a r. of Narbonen- 
sb I., rising in Gehenna m., n.e. of Con- 
datomagus, and faUing into Gallicus sin. 
at Agatha. Towards its mouth it was 
called Petrosus, from its rocky bed. 
VBraulU 

Arausa, a town of the Dalmates, Illyria, on 
Tltius fl. L., N.E. of Scardona. 

Arausio (Civitas Arausiensis, CMtas Arau> 
sicorum, Colonia Secundanorum), capital 
of the Cayares, Gallia Viennensis, on the 
Rhone, above Avenio. A colonia. Orange. 

Aravene, a western portion of Cataonia, 
Cappadoda. 

Arayisci, a people of Pannonia Inf., s. of 
the Amantini. 

Araxa, a town of Lyda, near Carmylessus. 

Araxenb (Araxenus Campus), a district of 
Armenia Major, on the Araids, below Ar- 
taxata. JErasskhadsor, 

Araxes, I. generally an appellation of great 
rivers. II. (Arosis), a river of Persis 
Prop., rising on the confines of Susiana 
Cabandene s., and falling into a lake s.e. 
of Persepolis. Bend-emir, III. a r. of 
Armenia Major, rising in Abus m., and, 
after separating Armenia from Media, fall- 
ing into the Cyrus above Taga, or, accord- 
ing to Strabo, into the Caspian, s. of the 
Cyrus. Arras; Er&schk, 

Araxus prom., a pr. of Achaia, s.w. of 
Rhium. C Papas, 

Area (Kirgath-Arba), the early name of 
Hebron. 

Arbalo, a town of the Bructeri Minores, 
Germ., s.e. of Aliso. 

Arbe, the capital of Scardona ins., Idbumia. 



The name was sometimes applied to the 
island itself. Arbe. 

Arbeja, a town of the Brigantes Brit., e. of 
Vu-osidum. * 

Arbela, I. a town of Galilsea, bet. Dio 
Cesarea w. and Tiberias e. II. capital 
of Arbelitis Assyr., e.s.e. of Nineveh. 
Near it, at Gaugamela, was gained the 
victory of Alexander over Darius. Arhil, 

Arbelitis, a distridt of Adiabene, Assyr., 
about Arbela. Arbah, 

Arbis fl., I. Gedrosia, i. q. Cophen. II. a 
town of Egypt, on the Nile, R., above 
Moru. 

Arbius m., a m. of Crete, where Jupiter 
was nurtured. 

Arbor Felix (postea Arbonense Castrum), 
I. a town, of the Tugeni, Rhaetia, on Ye- 
netus lac. w. bet. Ad Fines (30) and Bri- 
gantia (20). Arbon, II. of the Lingones^ 
Gallia. Arbot-sur-Aube, 

Arbucala, a town of the Vettones, Lu8i<> 
tan., near Salmantica. 

Arca, I. a r. of Phoenicia, ftdling into the 
sea 1 m. n. from Eleutherus fl. II. a 
town of Chaldsea, n.e. of Gera. Erech ? 
III. a town of Asher, Phoenida, at the 
mouth of Arca fl. Afterwards named 
Csesarea, as the birth-place of Alexander 
Severus. 

Arcades, the people of Arcadia, in Pelo- 
ponnesus, of such antiquity that they 
boasted to be older than tiie moon. 

Arcadia, I. (Arcades), a town of Crete, bet. 
Gortys and Lyctus (16), the streams 
around which sympathetically ceased to 
flow when the town was taken by the 
Gnossians, and only resumed their course 
upon their expulsion six years afterwards. 
Arcadioii, II. iBgypti, i. q. Heptanomis» 
III. (Pelasgia, Lycaonia, Parrhasia), a coun- 
try of Peloponnesus, bounded n. by Achaia^ 
s. by Messenia and Laconia, w. by Elis, 
E. by Argolis. Settled by Pelasgi from 
Thessaly 1521 B.C. Named from Areas, 
son of Jupiter and Callisto. IV. a for- 
tress of Zacynthus ins., s.w. of Zacyn- 
thus. 

Arcaiaris (Carcha), a town of Agstanitis 
Armen., bet. Sardeva and Samachis. 

Arc AS, Cappadoda, i. q. Carmala. 

Arcesine, a town of Amorgos ins., on its 
N. coast. Arkesini, 

Arceuthus fl., a river of Apamene, Syria,, 
falling into the Orontes towards Antiochia. 
Jaghra ? 

Archalla, a town of Cappadoda, s. of 
Cadyna. ErW. 

Archandropolis, a town of Lower Egypt, 
on the Canopic branch of the Nile^ bet« 



ARC 



46 



ARE 



Chereu and Hermopolis parva. Built bj 
Archandrus, son-in-law of Danaus. 

Archabis fl., Arabis, a r. of Colchis, 8 m. 
w. from Apsanis fl. 

Archblai's, I. a town of Cappadocia, in 
Prsfectura Garsauritis, on Halys il.» R., 
bet. Argustana (16) and Mocissos (12). 
Built by Archelaus, last king of Cappa- 
docia. A colonia of Claudius. Akserai. 

II. of Judsea, n. of Jericho. Built by 
Archelaus, son of Herod. Noted for its 
palm-trees. 

Archelaium (Auraclea demus), a town of 

Galatia, on the confines of Phrygia, bet. 

DorylsBum (30) and Germa (20). 
Arch I, a town of Ephraim, bet. JBethel and 

Bethoron. The birth-place of Hushai. 
Archilachitje, a people of Taurica Cher- 

sonesus. 
Archils, a town of Pentapolis Cyrenaicae, 

N.E. from Cyrene. 
Archippe, a town of the Marsi, Sabinium, 

at the s. extremity of Fudnus lacus, by 

which it was almost entirely swallowed up. 

Arciprete, 
Archyres, a people of Sarmatia Asiat., 

towards Sintica. 
Arci, I. a people of Grermania Magna, on 

the Vistula, bet. the Burii s. and the 

Naharvali n. II. of Canaan, about Area. 

III. a town of the Turtetani, Baetica, bet. 
Lastigi E.N.E. and Xera w.s.w. 

Arciaca, a town of the Tricasses, Lug- 
dunensis IV., bet. Augustobona (18) and 
Durocatalaunus (33). Arcia sur Aube, 

Arcias, a tillage of Bruttium, near Me* 
taurus. 

Arcidava, a town of the Albooenses, Dacia, 
12 m. N. from Ad Pontes. Slatina, 

Arcilacis, a town of the Oretani, Tarra- 
conensis, s.e. of Laminium. 

Arcinna, a town of the Ciagisi, Dada, bet. 
Arddava and Phrateria. 

Arciota, a town of Carmania Deserta, bet. 
Pantyene and Caumata. 

Arcobadara, a town of the Cistobod, 
Dada, on Paratafl., L., towards its source. 

Arcobriga, a town of the Celtiberi, Tar- 
raconensis, on Salo il., R., near its source, 
91 m. w. from Csesar Augusta. Arcos. 

Arconnesus, I. i. q. Aspis ins.. Ionise. 
II. an isl. of Caria, in Ceramicus sin., over 
against Halicamassus. Orakadasi. 

Arctaunum (Taunus), a town of the Mat- 
tiad, Grerm., under Taunus m., at Drusi 
Vallum, N.E. of Aquse Mattiacse. 

Arctonnesus, a name of the isL on which 
Cyzicus stood. 

Arctous Oceanus, i. q. Borealis. 

Arctu prom. (Ursa), a pr. of Sardinia, n.e. 



above Columbarium prom. Capo deW 
Orso. 

Arda fl., a r. of Thrace, rising s.e. of Nioo- 
polis, and &Uing into Hebrus fl. above 
Ascadama. 

Ardali fl., a r. of Numidia, rising n. of 
Thebeste, and falling into Bagradas fl., R., 
above Mutia. 

Ardanis prom. (Ardania, Ardanaxes, Car- 
dame), a pr. of Marmarica, -bet. Petne 
Magnae portus and Catseonium prom. 

Ardauda, Taurica Chersonesus, i. q. Theo- 
dosia. 

Ardaxanus fl. (Artatus), a r. of the Carii, 
Illyria, a branch of the Mathis, MUng 
into the Adriatic below Lissus. Oroeha, 

Ardea I. a town, of Persis Prop., on the 
border of Susiana Cabandene S. II. capital 
of the Rutuli, Latium, ^bout 20 m. s.s. 
from Rome and 3 from the sea. A Greek 
dty, traditionally founded by Danae, mother 
of Perseus. The dty of Turnus. A colonia. 
The retreat of Camillus. Ardea. 

Ardelica, a town of the Cenomanni, Gallia 
Transpadana, at the s. extremity of Bena- 
cus lac., at the issue of Mindus fl., bet. 
Brixia (32) and Verona (13). Peschiera, 

Ardijsi, a people of Dalmatia, about Ardion 
m. ; removed hither from the coast by 
Augustus, on account of their pirades. 

Ardion m. (Ardius), a ridge of the Alpes 
Julias, intersecting Dahnatia lengthwise. 
Tariari. 

Ardobrica, a town of the Lucenses, Tam- 
conensis, at the mouth of Juvia fl., R., bet. 
Artabrum prom. n. and Caranicum s. 
FerroL 

Arduenna Silta, a chain of woody hills, in 
Belgica II., extending from the Treveri to 
the Nervii; in length 250 m., in breadtii 
100. Ardennes, 

Ardula, a fortress of Cappadoda, bet. Ma- 
zaca and Eremosgraea. 

Ardtes, a people of Maxima Sequanonmiy 
on the Rhone, R., w. of Octodunum. 

Arebrigium, I. a town of the Salassi, Grallia 
Transpadana, on Duria Maj. fl., L., bet. 
Artolica (6) and Augusta Praetoria (26). 
Pr^ St, Didier, II. of the Centrones, 
Alpes Penninae, bet. Augusta Praetoria 
(25) and Bergintrum (18). Giorgen, 
Pont de Seran. 

ArecomYci, a portion of the Volcae, Gallia, 
about Nemausus. 

Aredate, Noricum, i. q. Arelate. 

Aregevia, a town of the Teuriochaemae, 
Germania, w, of Calaegia. Near Halber^ 
siadt. 

Arelate (Arlape), I. a r. of Noricum, fall- 
ing into the Danube at Arelate. Erlqf, 



ARE 



47 



AR6 



II. (Arlape), a town of the Boii, Noricum, 
on the Danube, bet. Ad Pontem IsU (8) 
and Namare. Pohlamf III. (AreUs, 
Arelatam) capital of the Salyes, Gallia 
NarbonensiSy on the Rhone, bet. Emagi- 
num and Fossa Mariana. The dty lay on 
both sides the river, and that on the L. 
bank was called Constantia, in honour of 
Constantine. A colonia of the 6th legion. 
Somamed Jnlia Patema, in honour of the 
&ther of Tiberius; Grallula Roma, as a 
fitvourite retareat of the Romans ; and Ma- 
millaris {Grtsck Thelene), from its fancied 
shape, or from the fertility of the district. 

Abenjb m., sand hills on the w. coast of 

Bsetica, about Olontigi. Arenas Gordas. 
Absnatium, a town of the Bructeri, Ger- 

mania, n.e. of Noviomagus (10). Arth, 

near Herwen. 
AmsNE, a yillage of Triphylia, Ells, near 

Lepneum. Sarene. 
Abbnium, Frentanorum, i. q. Larinium. 
Ajlbnosum littus, the coast of Corsica w., 

shore Rhium prom. 
AxBON, I. a r. of Persis, falling into Persicus 

sin. bet. Gogana and Apostana. II. a 

town of Cappadoda. 
Akbos ins., Pontus, i. q. Aretias. 
Ares fl., a r. of Bruttium, fiilling into Hip- 

poniates sin. oyer against ligia ins. Bi- 

vale. 
Akethusa fons, I. a fountain or lake, of 

Bnboea, at Chalds. II. of Ithaca, on the 

8. coast. Near Koraka. III. of Armenia, 

L q. Arsissa. IV. of Sicily, near Syracuse, 

&bled to have a connexion with Alpheus fl. 
' y. a town of Chalddice, Macedonia, on 

Bolbe fl., w. of Stagira, near Bromiscus. 

The burial-place of Euripides. VI. of 

Apamene, Syria, on the Orontes, 16 m. 

N. from Emesa. Reetan. 
Aretias (Areios, Area), an isl. of Pontus, in 

tl^ Euxine, oyer against Phamada (3|). 

In it was a temple of Mars, erected by the 

Amazons Otrere and Antiope. 
Abeus fl., a r. of Bithynia, felling into Pro- 

pontis towards Astacenus sin. 
Abbva fl. (Areba), a r. of Tanraconensis, 

£EJling into the Durius. The e. boundary 

of the Arevacse. Urcero. 
Abbvaca, a people of Tarraconensis, on 

the Durius and Areva, bet. the Pelendones 

E. and the Vaccsi n. 
Abevacb (Arebace), a town of the Arevacse, 

Tarraconensis, s.w. of Segontia. 
Abga, I. a town of the Arsie, Arabia, on 

the coast, w. of Jatrippa. II. of Gilead- 

itis, S.E. of Pella. III. of the Nabathaei, 

<m JBkniticus sin. 



Aboadina, a town of Margiana w. Near 

Meshed, 
Abgjeus m., m. of Cappadoda, extending 

80 m. bet. Csesarea e. and Galatia w. 

Argiech, 
Aroanthonius (Arganthus) m., a m. of 

Bithynia, above ii^sias. Named from 

Arganthone, wife of Rhesus. The scene of 

the story of Hylas. 
Aroantomaous, a town of the Bituriges 

Cubi, Aquitania I., bet. Augustoritum 

(31^) and Alerta. Argenton, 
Argara, a town of India i. Gangem, on 

Argaricus sin. s. Arlingurry, 
Argaricus sin., a bay of Indicus Ocean., 

at Argara, over against the n.w. extremity 

of Taprobane. Paik B. 
Aroeades fl. (Ardades), a sacred stream of 

Bruttium, falling into Metauru% fl. e. of 

Portus Orestis. * 

Argelia, a town of Germania Magna, on 

the Albis. Torgau. 
Argenis fl., a r. of Lugdunensis III., 

running into the sea n.w. of Curioso- 

lites. 
Argennum, I. an isl. of Ionia, over against 

Trogilium prom. II. a pr. of Ionia, s.w. 

of Erythne, looking towards Posidium 

prom. C. Bianco. III. a pr. of Sicily, e. 

above Tauromenium. C Sant* AlesHo. 
Argenomescum, a town of the Autrigones^ 

Tarraconensis, s.e. of Vereasueca. 
Argenta, I. a towb of Estiieotis, Thessaly, 

on the borders of Athamania, s.w. of 

Gomphi. II. of Gallia Cispadana, on Pa« 

dus fl., near Spina. 
Argentanum, a town of Bruttium, n. of 

Hetriculum. Argentina, 
Argent ARIA, a town of the Breud, in lUy- 

ria, bet. Ad Drinum and Staneclum. 
Argent ARius, I. a pr. of Etruria, terminating 

the peninsula on which Cosa stands, over 

against Igilium ins. M, Argentaro. II. m. 

of Tarraconensis, about the sources of the 

Bsetis. 
Argbnteum ostium, a name of Spineticum 

Ostium, Gall. Cisalp. 
Argenteus, I. a r. of Gallia Narbonensis, 

rising near Ad Turrim, and falling into 

the Ligusticus sin. at Forum Julii. Argen8„ 

II. a town of the Salyes, Narbonensis 11., 

bet. Reii Apollinares and Forum JuliL 
Argentia I. regio (Ophir), a district of India 

e. Gangem, on the R. bank of Dorius fl. 

Aracan, II. a town of the Cenomanni, in 
Gallia Transpadana, bet. Mediolanum (12; 

and Pons Aureoli (10). Gorgonzuola, 
Argentiolum, atown of the Astores, Tarra- 
conensis, s.s.w. of Asturica Augusta. 
Argentobatum (ArgeatAi:^, po^tea ^XssSssfc- 



^ 



AR6 



48 



ARI 



burgus, Strateburgum), capital of the Ri- 
bocci, Germania I., on the Rhine, above 
Saletia. One of the 50 forts built by 
Drusus. The seat of a prefecture. StrM- 
burg. 

Argentuaria, a town of the Raurad, 
Maxima Sequanorum, on the Rhine, L., 
bet. Cambe (33) and Helellum (18). Art- 
zenheim. 

Aroenus fl., a r. of Lugdunensis II., sepa- 
rating the Boiocasses from the Yiducasses, 
and falling into the sea e. of Grannonum, 
over against Carocotinum. Arguenon, 

Argenus, a town of the Yiducasses, on 
Argenus fl., towards its mouth. 

Argesis, postea Ergasteria, a town of Mysia, 
30 m. s. from Phemenium. 

Argestjbus campus, the district of Argos 
Oresticum. 

Argeus sinus. Vide Argolicus. 

Argibjsum, a name of Euboea, from the 
white colour of its oxen. 

Argidava, a town of the Potulatenses, 
Dacia, under the mountains, e. bet. Aluta 
and (Syl.) fl. Argisch ? 

AjiGiiE, I. a town of Dolopia, Thessaly, n. 
of Othrys m., s.e. of Sosthenis. Argaie. 
II. ins., 20 islets bet. Rhodes and Caria. 

ArgYlus, a town of Bisaltia, Macedonia, on 
Strymonicus sin., bet. Bromiscus (10) and 
Amphipolis (10), on Egnatia Yia. An 
Andrian settlement. 

Arginusa, a town of .^olis Asiat., opposite 
Argiuusse ins. 

ARGiNusiB ins., 3 isl. of .£olis Asiat., 15 m. 
S.E. from Mitylene. Remarkable for the 
defeat of the Spartan fleet by the ten 
Athenian commanders. lanot, 

Agripp^i (Phalacri, '' hald heads"), a caste 
of priests in Scythia, of uncertain position, 
living upon vegetables, and deemed sacred 
by their neighbours. Possibly the ancestors 
of the Brahmins of India. 

Argissa (Argusa), a town of Perrhoebia, 
Thessaly, n.w. of Larissa. Argissa, 

Argithba, a town of Athamania, on the 
borders of Epirus, s.w. of Ethiopia. Gar- 
dikaki, 

Argita fl., a r. of the Robogdii, Hibemia, 
7 ni. E. from Yidua fl. Bann. 

Argivi, a general name of the Greeks. 

Argiza (Argesis, Erezii), a town of Mysia, 
bet. Psemanenus (30) and Pergamus 
(36). 

Argob I. a district of Bashan, assigned to 
the half-tribe of Manasseh; lying along 
Jordan fl. e. towards the Sea of Galilee. 
Ergab. II. (Raguba), its capital, n.e. of 
Gerasa. 

ArgolTcus sin., a gulf of the ^gean, bet. 



Argolis and Laconia. Golfo di Napoli or 
Nauplia. 

Argolis (Argeia), a country of Pelopon- 
nesus, bounded n. by Gorinthia and Achaia, 
s. by Laconia and Argolicus sin., s. by 
Saronicus sin., w. by Arcadia. First occu- 
pied by Pelasgi from Epirus; and esta- 
blished as a state by Inachus, 1856 b.c. 

Argos (Argi), I. capital of Argolis, at the 
junction of Inachus and Charadrus ffl, 5 
m. s.w. from Mycense; sacred to Juno. 
Yariously sumamed Achaicum, Hippium, 
Pelasgicum, Poludipsion,Polupothelon, and 
Inachium. Founded by Argus, son of 
Niobe, 1711 B.C. The birth-place of 
Ageladas and Polycletus, the sculptors. 
It was here Pyrrhus was killed. Argo, 

II. a town of Nisyrus ins., on the b. coast. 

III. sumamed Amphilochicum, capital of 
Amphilochia, Acamania, on Inachus fl., at 
the S.E. extremity of the Ambradus sin., 
bet. Olpee and Crense, 22 m. s.e. of Am- 
brada. Founded by the Argive Amphi- 
lochus, son of Amphiaraus, on his return 
from Troy ; or, according to Ephorus, by 
Alcmseon, brother of Amphilochus. Its 
inhabitants were transferr^ by Augustas 
to Nicopolis. Neokkorif near Vlikha. 
lY. Oresticum, i. q. Orestia. Y. Pelas- 
gicum, Thessalise, i. q. Larissa. 

Argous portus, a port of Uva ins. Named 
from the expedition of the Argonauts. 
Porto Ferrajo, 

Argus I. campus, a sort of common, at Man- 
tinea, E. of the dty. II. castellum, a 
fortress of Cappadoda, under Taurus m., 
near Nora. III. fl., Salassororum, i. q. 
Orgus. 

Argustana, a town of Cappadoda, bet 
Nitazus (13) and Archelsds (16). Artan. 

Argtna, a town of Locris Ozol. 

Argyfhia, a maritime town of Messenia. 

Argyra, I. a town of Achaia, on a cogno- 
minal stream, near Boline. In ruins in 
the time of Pausanias. II. of Euboea, bet. 
Eretria and Tamynse. III. of Jubadii ins., 
at its N. extremity. lY. of Pontus, on the 
Euxine, 2^ m. e. from Tripolis. 

Argyripa (Argos-hippium), the early name, 
of Arpi in Apulia. 

Argyronium prom., a headland in Bithynia, 
on Bosporus Thracius, near which was the 
hill called the Bed of Hercules. 

Argyruntum, a town of Libumia, at the 
mouth of Tedanius fl., n.e. of Corinium. 

Aria, I. a region of A^sia, bounded n. by 
Margiana and Bactriana, at Sariphi m., 
s. by Gedrosia, w. by Parthia, e. by India. 
It comprehends the Parapomisadae and 
Arachosia. Hareia; part of Chorasan 



ARI 



49 



ARI 



SedgestaUf and Afghanistan. II. lacus, a 
lake of Drangiana, towards Carmania, 
formed by Etymandrus, Ophradas, and 
Fhamacotus ffl. 

Akiaca, a central district of India i. Gangem, 
bet. Limyiica and Msesolia. 

AriacjSi a people of Scythia i. Imaum, bet. 
the OzQS and the Jaxartes. 

ArialbinuM) a town of the Raurad, Maxima 
Sequanoram, bet. Augusta Raurac. (9) 
and Cambe (10^). Binningen. 

Ariana, a region of Asia, comprehending 
Susiana, Parthia, Persis, Drangiana, Ge- 
drosia, Carmania Drangiana. Eeriene. 

Ariani m., Hispan.y i. q. Marianus m. 

Arianzus, a village near Nazianzus, in 
Cappadoda. 

Ariarathia, a town of Cappadoda, in 
Chammanene praefectura, bet. In Medio 
(25) and Coduzabala (20). 

Ariasp^ (Agriaspae), a people of Arachosia 
Drangiana, on Etymandrus fl. Named 
Euergitse by Cjrrus, from the prompt aid 
they gave him in his Scythian expedi- 
tion. 

Ariaspe, capital of the Ariaspse, Drangiana, 
on Etymandrus fl., R. Near Pulki. 

Arica ins., an isl. of Britain. Sark. 

Arichi (Arrechi), a town of Sarmatia Asiat., 
on Yardanes fl., R., towards its source. 

ARicltA, a town of the Latini, Latium, on 
Via Appia, bet. Ad Nonum (6) and Tres 
Tabemse (7)* A Siculian dtj, tradition- 
ally founded by Hippolitus Virbius, who 
was worshipped here. A colonia of Sylla. 
Noted for its leeks. Here was a temple of 
Diana, whose priest held his office by the 
tenure of superior force. La Riccia, 

Ariconium, a town of the SUures, Brit., 
11 m. N. of Blestium. Weston? 

Ariktis frons prom., i. q. Cruimetopon. 

Ajbliqmvm, a town of India, towards Euaspla 
fl. 

Arii, I. the people of Aria, on Arius fl. II. a 
tribe of Lygii, Germania. 

Arima m., a volcanic m. of CUida Tradiea, 
above Corycus. According to Strabo, the 
locality of Typhoeus' torments. 

Arimanthos, a town of Cyrenaica, bet. 
Echinos and Philonos. 

Arimara, Syriee, i. q. Apammaris. 

Arimaspi^ a people assigned to Sc3rthia 
Asiatica, but probably fabulous; said to 
have had but one eye, and to have been 
always at war with the Grjrphons. 

Arimathba, a town of Judaea, s.w.of Lydda. 
The birth-place of Joseph. Ramleh. 

Arimi, a people in Homer, of uncertain 
position ; variously placed in Asia Minor, 
in iGnaria ins., &c. 



ArYminum, a dty of Umbria, at the mouth 
of Ariminus fl., n.w. of Pisaurum. A 
colonia 230 B.C. It was considered the 
key of the e. coast of Italy. Its seizure 
by Julius Caesar confirmed the dvil war. 
Rimini. 

Ariminus fl., a r. of Umbria, fidling 
into the Adriatic at Ariminum. Marec- 
chia. 

AuiMPHiEi, a people assigned to Scythia, 
towards Riphaei m. From the description, 
probably the same with the Argippaei. 

Arindela, a town of Idumaea, s.s.e. of 
Bazrah. 

Arintha, a town of Bruttium, near Con- 
sentia. Rende. 

Ariola, a town of the Remi, Belgica II., 
be(. Fanum Minervae (24) and Caturigae. 
Montgami. 

Ariolica, a town of the Brannovices, Lugdu- 
nensis I., on Niveris fl., above Pocrinium. 
Roure; Cartelas. 

Ariomacis arx, a fortress of Oxiana, Sogd., 
near Alexandria. 

Arion m., Apul., i. q. Garganus. 

Ariorica, a town of the Sequani, in Maxima 
Sequanorum, bet. Urba and Filomusiacum. 
Arc sous Cicon 7 Pontarlier ? 

Ariorum m., i. q. Mariani m. 

Aris, I. fl., a r. of Messenia, falling into 
Pamisus fl., n.w. of Thuria. II. a town 
of Megaris, towards the coast. 

Arisabium, a town of the Nangalogae, India, 
near the source of Dorius fl., e. of 
Tugma. 

Arisba, I. a town of Lesbos ins., n.w. of 
Pyrrha. Destroyed by an earthquake. 
Sumakia, II. (Barispe) of Mysia, on Hel- 
lespont, at the mouth of Selleis fl., s.w. of 
Percote. A Milesian colony. Named after 
Arisba, daughter of Teucer. The abode 
of the hospitable Axylus. The scene of 
the great defeat of the Greeks by Prusias. 
Gangerlee. 

Ariserria, a town of Cyrrhestica, Syria, 
N.w. of Zeugma. 

Aristera ins., an isl. of ArgoHs, in Argo- 
licus sin., near Pityusa. 

Aristium, a town of Phrygia Pacatiana. 

Ariston, Thebais, 1. q. Hydreuma. 

Aristonautjb, the port of Pellene, in 
Achaia, 8 m. from the dty. Named after 
the Argonauts, who touched here. 

Aritium PRiETORiuM, a towu of the Celtid, 
Lusitania, on the Tagus, L., towards its 
mouth. 

Arius fl., a r. of Aria, rising by two sources 
in Parapomisus and in Sariphi m., losing 
itself in a lake towards Margiana. Heri^ 
Rud. 



ARI 



50 



ARO 



Abiusia regio, the n. portion of Chios ins., 
especially fiimous for its wines. Arvisia, 

Abivates, a people of Pannonia Sup., con- 
tiguous to the Azali. 

Abka, the capital of the Arldtse, a tribe of 
Canaanites in Syria, 25 m. n. of TripoHs. 
Arka. 

Abma (Horma), a town of Simeon, a. of 
Hazezon Thamar. 

Abmactica, i. q. Harmosia. 

Armadillus ager, the district of Sanna- 
dillum in Japygia. 

Armageddon m., a name of Carmel m., 
or of a peak of that m. overlooking Me- 
geddon. 

Armalausi, a tribe of Hermunduri, on 
the Danube, w. of the Narisd. About 
Oberpfalz, 

Armaliba fl. Vide Naarmaliba. 

Armanni, a people of Scythia L Imamn, on 
theE. Rha. 

Armauria, a town of Colaoene, Armen. 
Anigaray Armavir. 

Armaxa, a town of CUida in Cf^adoda, 
bet. Eulepa (24) and Marandara (28). 

Armendon ins., an isl. of Crete, n. of Sam- 
monium prom. 

Armene (Harmene), I. a port of Paphla- 
gonia, w. of Sinope. Noted for the stnindity 
of its inhabitants, who walled it round to 
keep out the cold. II. of Pontus, bet. 
Pr^^anis fl. (3) and Pyxites fl. (SJ). 

Armenia (Harim), a country of Asia, divided 
by the Euphrates into Armenia Major and 
Armenia Minor. 

Armenia Major, the e. division of Armenia, 
bounded n. by Iberia and Albania, s. by 
Mesopotamia, Assyria, and Media, w. by 
Armenia Minor and Pontus, e. by Albania 
and the Caspian. Named, according to 
some, from Aram, son of Shem ; according 
to Strabo, from Armenius, a companion of 
Jason. 

Armenia Interior, a district of Armenia 
Major, on the borders of Armenia Minor 
and Pontus, n. of Sephene. Bartshaikh, 

Armenia Minor, the w. division of Armenia, 
bounded n. by Pontus, s. by Cappadoda, 
at Melas fl., w. by Cappadoda, e. by Ar- 
menia Major, at the Euphrates. At one 
period it extended n. to the Euxine ; and, 
in the time of Ptolemy it comprised Meli- 
tene, Lavianense, and Aravene of Cappa- 
doda. Its districts were Orbalisene and 
^tulana (n.), JEredcet Orsena (Central), 
and Orbesine (s.) Arahkir, Devrikif Er- 
zinghan, and Turuheran, 

Armenium, a town of Pelasgiotis, Thessaly, 
w. of Bsebe lac. The birth-place of Ar- 
menuSy colonizer of Armenia Asiat. 



Armenochalybes, a people of C^padoda, 
towards Armenia Major. 

Armenta (Anmna), I. a r. of Etruria, liaiiig 
in Tuniata m., and falling into Inferom 
Mare below Armenta. Fiore. II. a town 
of Etruria, on Armenta fl., towards its 
mouth, bet. Forum Aurelii and Ad Novas 
(7), on Via Aurelia. 

Armiana, a town of Aria, w. of ChaniinSy 
towards the border of Parthia. 

Armissa, a town of Germania Magna, bet 
Samulocenna and Grinario. 

Armoniacus fl. (Armua), a r. of Africa, 
falling into the Meditenanean, bet. Hippo 
Regius and Tabraca. Mfxfragg, 

Armorica, generally the w. coast of G«ol: 
specially, in the time of Pliny, Aquitama; 
later, the coast bet. the Sequana and the 
Liger, or the modem Bretagne and NoT' 
mandie, 

Armorium, a town of the Tolistoboii, Gala- 
tia, E. of Genua. Amoria, 

Armosata. Vide Arsamosata. 

Armoscla I. a r. of Zeugitana, falling into 
Bagradas fl., L., above Thacia. II. a town 
of Zeugitana, on Armoscla fl. 

Arna, I. a town of Chalddice, Macedonia, 
S.E. of Apollonia. II. of Lydse, i. q. Xan- 
thus. III. of Umbria, near Tiber fl., R.> 
1 geog. m. B. of Perusia. CHvUella (T 
Amo, 

Arne, I. a dty of Phthiotis, Thessaly, near 
Demetrias. Founded, according to Strabo, 
by a colony of Boeotians, driven from thdr 
homes by the Pelasgi; or, according to 
Thucydides, itself the original seat of the 
Boeotians, who, expelled hence by the 
Thessalians, settled in Boeotia, b.c. 1124. 

II. of Boeotia, the early name of Chierone& 
or of Acrsephia, and of Boeotia itself. 

III. fons, a fountain of Arcadia, | m. x. 
from Mantinea. 

Arnissa, I. a town of Eordaea, Macedonia^ 
E. of Cellse. II. of the Taulantii, Illyri% 
on Genusus fl., L., towards its mouth. 

Arnon fl., a r. of Persea, rising on the con- 
fines of Arabia, and falling into the Dead 
Sea, N.w. of RAbbath Moab. The boun- 
dary — ^first, bet Moabitis and Ammonitis^ 
then bet. Moabitis and Amoritis, and, 
lastly, bet. Moabitis and Reuben. Wady 
Mudschab, 

Arnus, a r. of Etruria, rising in the Apen- 
nines, near Anneianum, 15 m. w. of the 
sources of the Tiber, and, after running by 
Florentia and Pisse, falling into the Tyr- 
rhenum mare at Portus Pisanus. Amo, 

Arc fl., a rivulet of Etruria, fiilling into the 
sea at Fregense. Anme, 

Aroanius (Anius, Aoms) fl., a r. of Arcadia^ 



ARO 



61 



ARS 



rising in the m. n. of Pheneus, and falling 
into Ladon fl. near its souroe. Its fish 
were reputed musical. 

Akocha fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 
ScylleticQS sin., n.e. of Scyladmn. Crocha 
or Crocchio, 

Aroe, an ancient town of Achaia, occupying 
part of the site of Patrse ; built by Trip- 
tolemusy and identified with his agricul- 
ture. 

Aroer, I. a town of Gad, in Gileaditis, on 
Jabbok fl., w. of Rabbath Ammon. II. of 
Reuben, Ammonitis, on Amon fl., n.e. of 
Rabbath Moab ; standing partly on an isl. 
of the riyer and partly on its bank. 
Araayr. III. of Simeon, Judiea, e.s.e. of 
jseerseoa. 

Arogarassa, a fortress of Armenia, towards 
Elegia. 

Arolus, ft town of Bisaltia, Macedonia, x. of 
Callithera. Lakaneh, 

Aromata, I. a town of ^Ethiopia, at Aro- 
matum prom. II. (ArOma) of Lydia, under 
Messogis m., near Acharaca. Noted for 
its firagrant wine. III. prius Notioomu, 
a pr., the n.b. extremity of Africa, on 
Erythrseum m., ovw against Diosooridis 
ins. C Guardqfui. 

Arosis fl., L a r. of Asia, rising in the m. 
of tiie Uzii, and, after separating Susiana 
from Porsis, felling into Persicus sin. 
below Oroatis. Towards its mouth it was 
called Oroatis. Tah: Rasain. II. i. q. 
Araxes. 

Arothria, the eariiy name of Eretria, Eu- 
boea. 

Arpad (Aiphad), a city of Syria, near Da- 
mascus. 

Arpi, prius Argyrippa, a town of Daunia, 
ApuUa, bet. Sipontum (21) and Pnetorium 
lAverianum (9). Founded by Daunus, 
&ther of Diom^es, a Pelasgic chief, poeti- 
cally identified with the Diomed of Homer. 
Arpi, 

Arpinuic, ft town of the Yolsd, Iiatium, on 
Fibrraius fl., s.w. of Sora. The birth- 
place of Cicero and Marius. Arpino. 

Arpis, a maritime town of Dacia, above 
Psilon Ost. 

Arra, a town of Chalddice, Syria, bet. 
Giqppaicas (23) and Chalds (20). Maar^ 
raab. 

Arrabo, I. (Nanabo), a r. of Pannonia S., 
frdling into the Danube near Arrabo. 
Raab, II. vide Aragus. III. a town of 
the Boii, Famionia, on Arrabo fl., L., 
bet. Sabaria (20) and Alicanum. Tsakany, 

Arrabona, a town of Pannonia Inf., on 
Arrabo fl., R., near its mouth, 27 m. s.b. 
from Ad Fleznm. lUu^, 



Arrapachitis, a district of Aturia, Meso- 
potamia. 
Arretium (Arretium Vetus), one of the 

twelve cities of Etruria, near the n.e. ex- 
tremity of Clusina palus, n.w. of Cortona. 

A colonia and munidpium. Noted for its 

terra cotta. Arezzo, 
Arretium Fibbns, a town of Etraiia, near 

Arretium. Castiglione, 
Arretium Julium, a town of Etruria, near 

Arretium. Subliano, 
Arrhene, a district of Armenia Major, w. 

of Arsissa. Harkh, 
Arrhiana, a town of Chersonesus Thra- 

dus, on the Hellespont, bet. Cynossema 

and Idacus. 
Arriaca, a town of the Arevacse, Tarra- 

conensis, n.e. of Complutum. 
Arriana castra, a town of the Boii, Noric, 

on the Danube, bet Canabiaca and Tri- 

gisamo. 
Arrianus fl., i. q. Arius. 
Arrosius fl., a r. of Lugdunensis, falling 

into the Liger below Bibracte. Arrou, 
Arrubium, a town of the Moesi, on the 

Danube, bet. Dinogitia and Troesmis. 
Arsa, a town of the Turtetani, Baetica, on 

Singulis fl., near its mouth. 
Arsace, Medise-Choarene, i. q. Apamea. 
Arsacia, Parthia, i. q. Nisaea. 
Arsa, a people of Arabia Felix, on the Red 

Sea, bet. the Banizomenes and the Cinee- 

docolpitse. 
ArsamosatX (Armosata), a town of Anzi- 

tene, Armenia, on Arzanias fl., 7 geog. m. 

from its junction with the Euphrates. 

Randia. 
Arsanius fl. (Arsanias, Arsametus, Tele- 
boas), a r. of Armenia Major, rising in 

Abus m., and falling into the Euphrates, 

L., below Arsamosata. ArdjiSy Arsen, 
Arsen fl., a r. of Arcadia, falling into Ladon 

fl. 
Arsen aria (Arsinna), a town of Mauritania 

Caesar., w. of Cartcsina, 3 m. from the sea. 

A colonia. Arzen, 
Arsenium, a town of the Arii, Germ., n.w, 

of Carrhodunum. Radom. 
Arsesa, Arm., i. q. Arsanene. 
Arsia fl., a r. of Histria, falling into the 

Adriatic at Nesactum. Hie boundary of 

Italyin that direction, as fixed by Augustus. 

Arsa. 
Arsicua, a town of the Quadi, Germ., n. of 

Singone. Kremmtz. 
Arsietjb, a people of Sarmatia Europ., 

towards the Burgundiones. 
Arsinarium prom., a pr. of Libya, on the 

Atlantic, n. of Rissadium prom. C. Cor- 

vetro, C. Bianco Y C. Los Barb<M« 



ARS 



52 



ART 



Arsinas fl.y i. q. Erasinus. 

Arsinoe, I. a pr. of Cypms, s.e. of Ze- 
phyrium prom. II. a city of iEtolia, on or 
near Cyathus fl., e. of Conope. Built by 
and named after Arsinoe, wife of Ptolemy 
Fhiladelpbus. Angela Castron. III. sur- 
named Epidires (Berenice, Isidisportus, 
Dire), a town of the Avalitse, at Dire prom. 
Aasab, IV. of Cilida Trachea, e. of 
Fosidium prom. Y. of Cilicia Trachea, in 
Selinitis regio, near Jotape. YI. of Cy- 
prus, near Ammochostos prom. YII. of 
Cyprus, on the s. coast, bet. Ammochostos 
prom, and Salamis. Poll, YIII. prius 
Marium, of Cyprus, on the n.w. coast, 4 
geog. m. from Acamas prom. Extinct in 
Pliny's time. IX. of Egypt, at the mouth 
of Heroopolites sin. X. (Baal Zephon), 
postea Cleopatris, of Lower Egypt, at the 
head of the Red Sea. Suez, XI. prius Cro- 
codilopolis, of Heptanomis, bet. the Nile and 
Moeris lac., s.s.w. of Memphis. Here 
crocodiles were worshipped. Near Medinei 
el Faioum, XII. pritis Tauchira, of Pen- 
tapolis Cyrenaicse, bet. Berenice and Ftole- 
mais. Teukira, 

Arsissa, I. a district of Armenia Major, on 
Arsissa pal. n. Thtruberan, II. pal. 
(Mantiana, Thospitis), a lake of Armenia 
Major, bet. Abus m. and Niphates m., 
s.w. of Artaxata, in circuit 240 m. It 
produced natron, and one kind of fish only. 
Upon its surface the heaviest substances 
were said to float. Lake of Van or Ard- 
isch. 

Arsitis, a district of Hyrcania, in Laputa 
m., w. of Astabene. 

Arsop^, a people of Sarmatia Europsea. 

Arsulje, a town of Umbria, near Carseoli. 
Arsolu 

Artabri (Grac. Artotrebse), a tribe of Cal- 
Iseci, Tarraconensis, on the n.w. coast. 

Artabrorum portus, a bay of the Atlantic, 
on the coast of the Artabri, Tarraconensis, 
s. of Artabrum prom. 

ArtXbrum prom. (Celticum, Nerium), a pr. 
of Tarraconensis, on the Atlantic, s.w. of 
Trileucum prom. Cabo di Finiaterra. 

Artacana, a town of Parthia, w. of Appha. 

ARTACi£ON ins., an isl. immediately con- 
tiguous to Cyzicus, in Mysia. 

Artace, I. a m. of Mysia, over against 
Cyzicus. II. a fountain of Cyzicus. III. a 
town on Artacseon ins. 

Artacene, vide Aractene. 

Artacin A, a town of Crete. Near Aptera. 

Artacoana (Astacana, Artokakna, Artala- 
van, Artacabane, Articaudna), capital of 
Aria, on Anus fl., s. of Alexandria Arion. 
Dushakf near Hindmend ? Nubendan ? 



Artjsi (Arteatse), a people of Parthia s., 
the progenitors of the Persse. 

Artagira, I. a town of Bagravandene, Ar- 
menia, w.N.w. of Artaxata. The death- 
place of Caius Caesar. Artagers? II. 
a town of ^Ethiopia, on Gir fl., s.e. of 
Thumelitha. Bomu. 

Artalbinum, Maxima Sequanorum, i. q. 
Arialbinum. 

Artaleson, a town of Chorzene ; of uncer- 
tain position. 

Art AM IS, I. a town of Pentapolis Cyre- 
naicse, bet. Coenopolis and Bidacrse. Da- 
kash. II. a r. of Bactria, rising in Paro- 
pamisus and falling into Oxus fl. 

Artane, a port of the Thyni, Bithynia, at 
the mouth of Artanes fl., 19 m. e. from 
Melsena prom. 

Artanes fl., a r. of the Thyni, Bithynia, 
falling into the Euxiue at Artane. 

Artanissa, a town of Iberia, n.e. of Surra. 
Telawe. 

Artasigirta (Arsinia ?), a town of Guma- 
thene, Armenia, bet. Thospitis lac. and 
Amida. 

Artatus fl., i. q. Ardaxanus. 

ArtaxXta (Artaxiasata), postea Neronea, 
capital of Armenia Major, on the Araxes, 
L., bet. the s.w. extremity of Lychnitis 
lac. and Ararat. Built for king Artaxas, 
under the direction of Hannibal. Destroyed 
by Carbulo ; restored by Tiridates. Tact- 
terdat ("throne of Tiridates") at Ar- 
taschat. 

Artemia ins., one of the Echinades ins. 

Artemisia ins., an isl. of Etruria, s. e. of 
Igilium. Gianuti. 

Artemisium (Dianium), I. a hill of Pelopon- 
nesus, w. of (Enoe, separating in that 
direction Argolis from Arcadia. Monte 
Mallevo. II. of Caria, the w. extremity 
of Glaudus sin., ^^ m. n. from Pedalium 
prom. C. Bokomadhi. III. of Euboea, 
w. of Histiaea, over against Proanna in 
Thessaly. Off this headland was fought 
one of the great battles between the Greeks 
and Persians. C. Syrochori. lY. (Fer- 
rarium), of Tairaoonensis, at the n. ex- 
tremity of Illicitanus sin., over against 
Etusus ins. C. Artemus, C, San Martino. 
Y. a Greek town of Bruttium, near Balbra. 
Sanf Agata. YI. a fortress of Chalcidice, 
Macedonia, at the mouth of Chabrias fl. 
YII. (Hemeroscopium), of the Contestani, 
Tairaoonensis, at Artemisium prom. 
Denia, YIII. of Sicily n., at the 
mouth of Melas fl. Off it occurred the 
defeat of Sextus Pompeius by Augustus, 
B.C. 36. 

Artemita, I. one of the Ozeae ins. Oaia, 



ART 



53 



ASA 



II. (Chalusar, Halasar), a dty of Apollo- 

niatisy Assyria, on Silla fl., 62 m. n.n.e. 

firom Ctesiphon. Shereban. III. a town 

of Thospitisy Armenia, on Arsissa lac. s., 

above A^tacana. Van. 
Abtena, I. a town of the Volsd, Latium, 

s.E. of Ascnlum. II. of the Yeientes, 

Etmria, on Larus fl., L., near Sabatinus 

lac. 
Ajltenes fl., Mcesia, i. q. Utus. 
Ajitenia, a town of the Cami, Yenetia. 

Artegna, 
Ajithedon ins. I an islet on the coast of 

Troas. 
Artigi, a town of the Turtuli, Bseturia, bet. 

Percejana s.w. and Contosolia n.e. 
Artiscus fl., a r. of Thrace, rising in Hsemus 

m., falling into Hebrus fl. below Hadrian- 

opolis. Bujuk-dere, 
Artisiga, a maritime town of Mauritania 

Caesar., near Gypsara. 
Artobriga, a town of the Consuanetse, 

Rhaetia, bet. Bedacum (16) and Juvavia 

(17). TeUendorf, 
Artolica, a town of the Salassi, Grallia 

Transpadana, bet. Arebrigimn (6) and 

Alpes Graia (6), on Via Aureha. La 

Tuiie, 
Artona, Latii, i. q. Hortona. 
Artynia lacus, Mysiee, 1. q. Miletopolis. 
Artzes (Arzes), a town of Arsissa, Armenia, 

towards the e. extremity, n. of Arsissa lac. 

Ardschiach. 
Arula fl., a r. of Maxima Sequanorum, ris. 

towards Lacus Lausannus, and falling into 

the "Rhine at Confluentes. 
Arulis (Arudis), a town of Cyrrhestica, on 

the Euphrates, n. of Zeugma. Perhaps 

the' same wi^ Capersana. Bir ? Roum- 

hala? 
Arulos fl., i. q. Ascordus. 
Arum AH (Rumah), a village near Shechem. 

The abode of Abimelech. 
Arunci, a town of the Celtid, Bstica, s.w. 

of Nertobriga. 
Arunda, a town of the Turtetani, Bsetica, 

on Barbesula fl., above Ssepona. Bonda, 
Arupenuii , a town of the Japodes, in Illyria, 

bet. Bilbilis and Avendum. Near Mod' 

rush. 
Arusnati, a tribe of Euganei, in the m. n. 

of Verona. In the Val PuUicella, 
Arutela, a town of the Burideenses, Dada, 

on Aluta fl., bet. Preetorium and Castra 

Trajana (9). 
Arva, a town of the Turtuli, Bsetica, on the 

Bsetis, above Canama. 
Aryad (Arpad, Arphad, Aradus), capital of 

the Arvaditse, on a coguominal island 

in the Mediterranean, 25 m. n. of Tri- 



polis in Syria, over against Antaradus. 
Ruad, 

Arvarni, a maritime people of India i. 
Gangem, e. bet. the Soiineae and Mseso- 
liusfl. 

Aryerni, a people of Aquitania, s.e. of the 
Lemovice9^ Department ofCorrezCy Haute 
ViennCf Creuze, Puy de Ddme. 

Arvernum, i. q. Augustonemetum. 

Arvii, a tribe of Cenomanni, Lugdunensis 
III., bet. the Aulerd Diablintes and the 
Andes. 

Arx, I. a town of the Yolsd, Latium, on 
Melpis fl., bet. Arpinum and Aquinum. 
Near it was Arcanum, the villa of Quintus 
Cicero. Arce. II. Britannica, a fort- 
ress of the Frisii, at one of the n. mouths 
of the Rhine, s.w. of Flevus lac. Accord- 
ing to some, the Pharos, built by Caligula, 
in commemoration of his sham conquest of 
Britain, stood here. J^huis Britten ? III. 
Calela, a fortress of Apulia, on the borders 
of the Frentani,6 m. s.e. of Larinum. Coxa 
Calenda, lY. Carventana, a fortress of 
the Latini, on Algidus m., towards Corbio. 
Y. Taochorum, capital of the Taochi, 
Armenia Inferior, near Boas fl., n.w. of 
Andaga. 

Arxama, Mesopotamia, i. q. Arzamo. 

Arycanda, a town of Lycia, at the junction 
of Arycandus fl. with Limyrus fl. 

Artcandus fl., a r. of Lyda fl., fSetlling into 
Limyrus fl. 

Artmaodus fl., a r. of Cilicia, rising in 
Taurus m. and falling into Aulon Cilidus 
e. of Anemurium. Direk Ondessy. 

Arzamo, I. a r. of Mesopotamia, rising in 
Masius m., at Mejacarire, and falling into 
Mygdonius fl. above its junction with Cha- 
boras fl. II. a town of Mygdonia, Meso- 
potamia, on Arzamo fl., R., bet. Horreand 
Macharta. 

Arzenene (Arxane, Arsane), a district of 
Armenia Major, n. of Anissa Thospitis 
lac. Arzen. 

Arzes (Atranutzium), a town of Armenia,, 
towards the source of the Euphrates. Ar- 
zenrum (" Arzen of the Romans "), Erze- 
roum, 

Arzus fl. (Assus), a r. of the Odrysse, in 
Thrace, falling into Hebrus fl., e. of Sub- 
supara. Tchorlu, 

AsAAc (Arsaac), the local name of Nissea, 
Parthia. The capital of Arsaces. (See 
Nissea.) 

As ABO m., a m. of Arabia Felix, on the n.e. 
coast, terminating in Asabon prom. 

As^i (Asse), Sarmatia Asiatica, i. q. Aspur- 
gitani. 

AsAMA (Anatis, Adanis) fl., a r. of Man.- 



ASP 



56 



AST 



Famphylia, at the moath of Eurymedon 
fl. Memorable for the double defeat in 
one day of the Persian fleet and army by 
Cimon. The death-place of Thrasybidus. 

AsPENDUSy postea TrimnpoUs, a town of 
Pamphylia, on Eurymedon fl., 7^ m* ^om 
its mouth. An Argive colony. 

AsPHALTiTES lac (Mare Salsum, Mare Mor- 
tuum), a lake of Palestine, formed by the 
Jordim, below Tiberias lac., in length 40 
m., in breadth 8 m. At one time the vale 
of Siddim, the locality of Sodom and Go- 
morrah, and the three other cities de- 
stroyed with them. Bahr-Lut, " sea of 
Lot*' Dead Sea. 

ASPXA fl., a r. of Pioenum, fidling into 
Miseus fl. near its mouth. Aspido. 

Aspii, a people of India, e. of Cophes fl. 

AsPis ins., an isL of Argolis, in Saronicus 
sin., over against Spirseum prom. II. (Ar- 
connesus), of Ionia, over against Lebedus. 
Carabash, III. of Lyda, over against 
Cragus m. IV. a prom, of the Troglo- 
dytse, on the Red Sea, above Diogenis 
prom. y. of Zeugitana, i. q. Taphnitis. 
YI. (laspis), a town of the Contestani, Tar- 
raconensis, n.w. of Ilids. Aspe. VII. of 
the Mace, Zeugitana, n. of Euphranta. 
lia, 

Aspisi, I. a people of Sc3rthia i. Imaum, inha- 
biting Aspisii m. II. m. of Scythia, b. of 
Norossus m. 

AspiTHRA, I. a r. of India e. Gangem, fall- 
ing into Magnus sin. n.e. II. capital of 
the Aspithree, Ind., at the mouth of Aspi- 
thrafl. 

AspiTHiUB, a people of India e. Gangem, on 
Aspithra fl. 

AsPLEDON, postea Eudielos, a town of Boeo- 
tia, near the n.w. bank of Copais lac., on 
Melas fl., 2\ m. n.e. of Orchotnenus. 
Named after Aspledon, son of Neptune. 
Deserted for want of water, the Melas 
suddenly disappearing. 

AspoNA, a town of the Tectosages, Galatia. 

AsPARENUS, a m. of Mysia, near Pergamus, 
sacred to Cybele. 

AspRON, a later name of Ophiusa, Dada. 

AspuRGiTANi (Asee, Asturicani), a people of 
Sarmatia Asiatica, bet. Lycus fl. and Yar- 
danes fl. 

AspuRGiUM, capital of the Aspurgitani, Sar- 
matia. The Asgard of the Goths, and by 
them deemed the original seat of Wodin. 

AssA, a town of Sithonia, Macedonia, at the 
N.w. extremity of the Singiticus sinus. 
San Niceolo, 

AssA Paulini, a town of the Brannovices, 
Lugdunensis I., on Arar fl., bet. Lugdu- 
num (15) and Luna (15). Anae, 



Assaceni (Astaoeni), a people of India i. 
Gangem, n.e. of Cophes fl. 

AssARiA, a port of IMpolis Afric, bet. Pi- 
sindon and Pontes. 

Asseriates, a people of Histria, on Arsia 
fl. 

AssEssus, a town of Ionia, near Miletus. 

AssHUR, the Scriptural name of Assyria. 

AssisiUM, a town of Umbria, s.e. of Ama. 
Assisi. 

As85rus, I. a summit of Ampelus m., in 
Samos ins. II. a town of Anthemus, Ma- 
cedonia, on Echedorus fl., below Grestone. 
III. of Sicily, on Chrysas fl., L., bet. 
Enna and Agyrium. 

AssuRJS (Oppidum Azuritanum), a town of 
Zeugitana, s.e. of Sicca Venerea. JRejff^. 

Assus, I. a r. of Phods, rising in (Eta m., 
and falling into Cephissus fl. near Para- 
potamii. II. of Thrace, i. q. Arzus. 
III. priiu ApoUonia, a town of .^olis 
Asiat., above Adram3rttenu8 sin., e. of 
Lectumprom. A colony from Lesbos. The 
birth-place of Cleanthes the stoic. A re- 
sidence of Aristotle. Noted for its fine 
wheat, reserved for the tables of the Per- 
sian kings. Here St. Luke rejoined St. 
Paul after his journey from Alexandria 
Troas. The vicinity produced a sort of 
quick-lime stone, called sarcophagus, used 
for coffins. Beriam Kalesi, 

Assyria (Asshur, Aturia), a country of Asia, 
bounded n. by Armenia Maj., at Uda- 
cespes m., s. by Babylonia, at the Tigris, 
w. by Mesopotamia and part of Baby- 
lonia, at the Tigris, and by Armenia Maj., 
at Gordysei m., e. by Media, at Choatrus 
m. and Zagrus m., and by Susiana at 
Zagrus m. Named from Asshur, grand- 
son of Noah. Part of Kurdistan, 

AsTA, I. a town of the Taurini, Liguria, 
on Tanarus fl., L., below Alba Pompeia. 
Asti. II. sumamed Regia, of the Turte- 
tani, Bsetica, near Xera, n.w., 3 geog. m. 
from the sea. A colonia. Mese de Asia, 

Astabeni, a maritime people of Hyrcania, 
w. of Maxera fl. 

AsTABORAS fl., the E. branch of the Nile, 
above Meroe, flowing from Pseboa (Coloe) 
lac. Tacazze ; Atbarra, 

AsTACAMPRA (Astacapra), a maritime town 
of Larica, Ind., s. of Papica prom. 

AsTACANA (Vastauna), a town of Thospifis, 
Armen., at the s.e. extremity of Arsissa, 
lac. Ostan, 

AsTACENUs sin. (Albianus), a bay of Pro- 
pontis, at Astacus, e. of Ckmus sin. Golfo 
d^Isnid, 

AsTAcuRES (Aristuriani), a people of Libya, 
w.N.w. of the Garamantes. 



AST 



67 



ATA 



AstXcus, I. a town of Acanumia, on Ionium 

mare, opposite Ithaca ins. Tragameste. 

II. a r. of Bithynia, falling into Astace- 

nus sin. III. (Olbia), a dty of Bithynia, 

on Astacenus sin., b. above Nioomedia. 

Settled by colonists from Megara Nissea 

711 B.C. Extended by an Athenian colony. 

Nearly destroyed by Lysimachus, and its 

inhabitants transferred to Nicomedia. 
AsTJS, the people of Astica, in Thrace. 
AsTAPA, a town of the Turtetani, Baetica, 

on the Baetis, R., x. of Astigi. 
AstXpus fl. (Abahius), the w. branch of the 

Nile, above Meroe. Abawi ; Bahr el 

Azergue. 
AsTELBPHUs fl., a r. of the Apsilee, Sarmat., 

falling into the Euzine 12^ m. s. of Dios- 

cnrias. AJuu; Mokoi. 
AsTEBiA, a name of Rhodes, Delos, &c. 
AsTBBis ins., an island of the loniwn mare, 

bet. the n.b. extremity of Cephallenia ins. 

and Ithaca ins., where the suitors lay in 

wait for Telemachus. JHdaakalio, 
AsTBBiUM fl., a stream of Argolis, rising in 

Euboea m. 
AsTBBiuM , i. q. Firesise. 
AsTEBusiA m., a m. of Cretei near Lebena. 

Astrizzi. 
AsTBAGi, a town of the Psylli, Africa Prop., 

on Syrtis Maj., bet. Prsetorium and Putea 

nigra. 
AsTiANENE, a district of Armenia Maj., bet. 

Aziris and the Euphrates. Haschteank. 
AsTiBVS, a town of Pseonia, Macedonia, on 

Axius fl., bet. Tranupara (20) and Pan- 

ta]ia(IH)). Istib. 
AstYca, a country of Thrace, lying along 

the Euxine, n.w. of Byzantium. 
AstYgi, I. capital of the Turtetani, Bsetica, 

on Singilis fl. towards its junction with 

the Beetis. A colonia (Augusta firma). 

Meija. II. vetus, sumamed Juliensis, 

the early capital of the Turtetani, Bsetica, 

N.w. of Antiquaria. 
AsTBAUs fl., a r. of Bottisea, Macedonia, 

rising in Bermius m. w. of Beroea, and 

fidling into the Pellseus lac. at its n.w. 

extremity. Vutritza, 
AsTBAGON, a fortress of Caria, near Stra- 

tonicea. 
AsTBOGONDA, a maritiuie town of Cyrenaica, 

w. above (>ocodilum prom. 
AsTBOMELA, I. a towu of the Avautid, Alpes 

Marit., at the issue of the cognom. lake. 

At Cap d*(EiL II. a salt lake of the 

Avantid, in Alpes Maritimse. Esiouma, 
AsTBON fl., a r. of .£olis Asiat., rising in 

Ida m., and fialling into Adramyttenus sin. 
AsTuiA, a town of the Yiruni, Germania, s. 

of Alistus. 



AsTUBA, I. a r. of Latium, falling into the sea 
at Astura. Memorable for the dedsive defeat 
of the Asturiates and other Latin tribes by 
the Romans. Siura, II. (Asturica), a r. of 
Tarraconensis, falling into the Durius above 
Ocelum. Tkierto. III. a town of Mysia, 
bet. Adramyttium and Antandros. IV. a 
town of Mysia, s. of Abydus ; noted 
for its gold mines. Extinct in Strabo'a 
time. y. of the Boii, Noricum, i. q. 
Cetium. VI. (Stura), of the Volsci, La- 
tium, at the month of Astura fl., bet. 
Antium s.E. (7) and Ad Turres Albas (9). 
Astura, 

AsTUBEs, a people of Tarraconensis, n.w. 
bet. the Cantabri n., the Vaccsei s., the 
Callsed w., and the Celtiberi e. Noted 
for their valour, and for a breed of 
ambling horses called Asturcones. Part 
of Asturiaj qf LeoUf and about Valla' 
dolid. 

AsTUBicA fl., i. q. Astura. 

AstubYca Augusta, capital of the Astures, 
Tarraconensis, on Urbius fl., L., bet. Val- 
lata N.E. and Valobria s.w. A colonia. 
Astorga. 

AsTTPALiEA, I. an isl. of the .^Igean, bet. 
Amorgos and Cos ; one of the Sporades^ 
88 m. in circuit. So infested at one time 
with hares, that the interposition of the 
gods was solidted to extirpate them. Stan- 
palia, II. a pr. of Attica, on Saronicus 
sin. S.E. of Zoster prom. C. Anaphiso. 
III. a pr. of Caria, n. of Zephyrium prom. 
C. Pasha Limen, IV. the capital of Asty- 
palsea ins., on the n. coast. V. a fortress 
of Samos ins., opposite Panionium. Built 
by Polycrates. 

AsYPHUs m., m. of Marmarica. 

Atabtbis m., a m. of Rhodes s.w. Sacred 
to Jupiter. 

Atabybium (Itabyrion). Vide Thabor. 

Atacini, a tribe of Tectosages in Narbo- 
nensis I., on Atax fl. 

Atacinus vicus, capital of the Atacini, Nar- 
bonensis, about 10 m. s.s.w. of Narbo. 
The birth-place of Varro. Aussiere. 

Ataois, the local name of Athesis fl. 

Atalanta, I. an isl. of Attica, near Psyllalea 
ins., off Athens. Talantous. II. an isl. of 
the LocriOpuntii, inOpuntius sin., opposite 
Opus; severed from the continent by an 
earthquake. Talanta. III. (Allante, Al- 
lantium), a town of Emathia, Macedonia, 
on the confines of Pelagonia, bet. Gortynia 
and Europus. 

Atalmo, a district of Tenesis in Ethiopia, 
w. of Axome. 

Atabnei, a people of Sarmatia Asiatiea, 
contiguous to the Auchetse. 



•ATA 



58 



ATI 



Ata&nbus, a town of Moha AjBiatica, over 

against Mitylene. A residence of Hermias 

of Assos. Near Dikheli, 
Atarbbchis, a to?na of the Ddta, Egjrpt. 
Atax (Attagos), a r. of Gallia Narbonensis, 

rising in the Pyrenees near the source of 

the Rusdno fl., and falling into the Gal- 

licus sin. below Narbo. Aude. 
Atella, an Oscan town of the Sididni in 

Campania, bet. Ciqiua (9) and Neapolis 

(9), on the ^^ Domitiana. Here the 

farces called Fabulae Atellanse were first 

performed. A colonia of Augustus. Sani* 

Elpidio, 
Atene, a demus of Attica, of the tribe An- 

tiochis. 
Ater m.f m. of Cyrenaica. 
Aternum, a port of the Yestiniy Marrudni 

and Peligniy on the Adriatic, at the 

mouth of Atemus fl., 8.e. of Hadria. 

Pescara. 
Aternus, a r. of Italy, rising near Anji- 

temum, and, after separating the Piceni 

from the Yestini and Marrudni, fiedling 

into the Adriatic at Atemum. Pescara. 
Ateste, a town of Venetia, on Eretenus fl. 

Este, 
Atesui (^tusiates), a people of Lugdunensis 

IV., contiguous to the Segusiani. About 

AtteuXf or St. Etienne en Forit. 
Athacus, a town of Lyncus, Macedonia, on 

the Erigonus fl., above its junction with 

Beyus fl. 
Athagai, a town of Tenesis, 'Ethiopia, s.w. 

of Pseboa lac 
Athamanes, an Epiriot people of Atha- 

mania. Extinct as a nation in Strabo's 

time. 
Athamania, a district of ^tolia, k. of 

Aperantia, bounded w. and n. by Epirus, 

to which it originally belonged, and e. by 

Thessaly. 
Atham ANTiUM, a name of Teos in Ionia, 

from Athamas, the leader of the Minyee, 

who colonized it. 
Atham ANTius campus, I. a plain of Boeotia, 

on the S.B. bank of Copais lac, below 

Acraephium. Named after Athamas. II. of 

Thessaly, L q. Crodus campus. 
Athamantis, the early name of Teos in 

Ionia, from Athamas. 
Athana, Arabise, i. q. Adana. 
Athaxagra, capital of the Ilergetes, Tarra- 

conensis, on Cinga fl., n.b. of Osca. 

Agramant. 
Athar m., a m. of Cappadoda, overlooking 

Nazianzus. 
Atharoth, I. a town of Ammonitis, above 

Madieerus. II. of Judaea, n.w. of 

Gophna. 



Athenagura, a town of the Pasalse, Ind., 
M.E. of Talarga. 

Athenjs, I. a town of Acarnania, founded 
by Athenians. II. capital of Attica, 5 m. 
from Saronicus sin., over against Salamis. 
Built by Theseus, 1234 b.c. Athetu, 
Setines (Eg tan^ Athenas). III. of Boeotia, 
on Copais lac IV. of Pontus, 10 m. n. 
from Condyle. Y. sumamed Diades, a 
town of Euboea, on Opuntius sin., ova 
against Cynus, in Locris Op. Founded by 
Dias, son of Abas. Calog, 

Athenaum, a portion of Athamania in 
iEtolia, on the confines of Thessaly, s. of 
Potnseum. II. portus (Scythotaaricus 
portus), a port of Taurica Chersonesos, 5 
geog. m. w. from Theodosia. 

Athenopolis, a marit. town of the Salyes, 
inNarbonensisII.,near Antipolis. AMaa- 
silian settiement. 8t. Tropez. 

Ather prom., a headland of CephaUenia 
ins., on its n.w. coast, over against Lea- 
cate prom. C Athera. 

Athesinus, a r. rising in the Alpes CaniiaB 
and fidling into ^£nus fl. Sill. 

Athesis (Atesia, Atagis) fl., a r. of Yenetia^ 
rising in Alpes Rhseticae, and falling into 
the Adriatic below Fossis, after a course of 
190 m. Etsch ; Adige. 

Athmonia (Athmonum), a demus of AttieSy 
of the tribe Cecropis, s.e. of Hephaestiadg, 
where Diana Amarusia was worshipped. 
Marousi. 

Athos m., a m. of Acte, Macedonia, at 
the s. extremity of tiie peninsula; re- 
puted of enormous altitude ; 3353 feet in 
actual height. Traditionally named from 
the giant Athos. Agion Oros; Monte 
Santo, 

Athribis, a town of the Delta, Egypt, on 
the Bttbastic branch of the Nile, above 
Aphroditopolis, N.w.ofPatumos. Aihryb: 
Tneb. 

Athribiticum Ostium Nili, the name td iiie 
Sebennytic branch of the Nile, towards 
Athribis. 

Athrita, a people of Arabia Felix, bet. iiie 
Magitse and the Thameditse. 

Athrulla, a town of Arabia FeUx, towards 
Asca. 

Athrts fl., Mcesia, i. q. Jatms. 

Atina, I. a town of Lucania, near Tanager 
fl., R., 8.B. of Forum Popilii. DiamOm 
II. of the Marsi, i. q. Antinum. III. of 
the Yolsd, Latium, on Mdas fl., near its 
source, s.e. of Aipinum, under Nivosns 
colUs. A colonia of Nero. Of date as 
early as the Trojan war. Atino. 

Atintamia, the country of the Atintanes in 
Illyria, bounded n. by Apsus fl., s. by 



ATL 



59 



ATU 



Epiras, w. by the Adriatic, s. by Mace- 
donia. 

Atlanticum mare (Magnum, Ocdduam, 
Hesperinm, Extemm), the ocean wash- 
ing Hie w. coasts of Europe and AMca. 
Ailaniie. 

Atlaiois Ins., acocnHng to Plato, an isL in 
the Atlantic, over against Gaditanum Fre- 
tom, larger tiian Aaa and Afirica together, 
with sooaller isl. around it. Its people 
held sway over Western Africa and Spain, 
their furdier conquests in Europe having 
been prevented by the Athenians. The 
isL was submerged by an earthquake. 

Atlas, a r. of Moesia Inferior, faUing into 
the Danube at Sagadava. 

Atlas Majob. m., loe, Dyrin, m. of Africa, 
intersecting Mauritania Tingitana s.w. — 
KJi. frtnn about the mouth of Sala fl. to 
Numidia. Named by the Greeks from the 
Titan Atlas, and said, indeed, to be the 
giant himself transformed. Atlas; Daran, 
Darah, 

Atlas Minob, m., a dudn of m. in Mauri- 
tania Tingit, extending parallel with its 
N. coast, from about Tingis. 

Atmoni, a tribe of .Carpi, Sarmatia. 

At&je, a maritime town of Daunia, Apulia, 
bet. Matinum and Sipontum. 

Atkax, a town of Pelasgiotis, Thessaly, on 
Penens fl., 10 m. w. from Larissa. Noted 
for the green marble found in its vicinity, 
and for the magic cultivated by its in- 
habitants. 

Atria, Adua, Adkiaticum, &c. Vide 

AtbsbXtbs, L(Atr^)8ts, Atrebatii), a people 
of Gallia* Belgica, sjb. of the Morini. Pas 
de Calais. U. a people of Britannia I., 
on tiie Thames s., bet. the Belgee w. and 
the Begni b. In Berkshire. 

AiBOPATENx, the N.w. division of Media, 
above Amardus fl. Named from the pre- 
fect Airopates, &e successful opponent 
of Alexander. The country of Zerdushit 
(Zoroaster). Aderbeitzein. 

AiTA, a town of Arabia Felix, on Persicus 
sin., 8. of Gerrha. Adsjar. 

Attabus fl., a r. of Aurea Chersonesus, £edl- 
ing into Perimulicus sin., n. of Ck)U. 

Aitacobi, a people of Serica, contiguous to 
tibeTo<^aiL 

Attacum, a town of the Celtiberi, Tarraco- 
nenais, on Sak) fl., L., above Bilbilis. 
AUeea? 

AiTMAf Mysiae, L q. Attalia. 

Attalla, I. a dty of Pamphylia, at the head 
of Attalicns sin., at the mou^ of Catar- 
ihactes fl., b.^ immediately opposite Olbia, 
with wbicby in process of time, it became 



joined. Founded by Attains Philadelphus. 
Hence Paul and Barnabas sailed for An- 
tioch. Palaia Attalia; Sattalia, II. 
AoBOiBA, the name given to .Sgiroessa, 
of .£olis Asiatica, when renovated by At- 
tains Philadelphus. 

Attasii (Attasini), a people of Sogdiana, to- 
wards tiie Chorasmii. 

Attegua, a town of the Turtetani, Beetica, 
near Salsns fl., towards its source, s.e. of 
Astapa. 

Attelebusa ins., an isL of Lyda, over 
against Cyprus. Rashat. 

Attesebba, a town of Zeugituia, bet. Alti- 
burus and Assurse. 

Attica (Atthis), pritu Acte and Mopsopia, a 
country of Greeda e. Pelop., bounded n. 
by Boeotia, s. and e. by the JBgean, w. by 
Megaris and Saronicus sin. Settled by 
Cnuoai, a Pelasgic tribe under Cranaus ; 
organized as a kingdom by Cecrops, b.c. 
1556. 

Atticelub, a town of Zeugitana, on Bagra- 
das fl., R., bet. Yalli and Chidibbela. 

Attici, a town of Cyrenaica, w. bet. Tind 
and Noetu. 

AttYcitus fl. (Antidtes), a n. branch of 
Yardanus fl., Sarmatia Asiatica, filing 
into the Palus Mseotis. Noted for a fine 
pickle-fish (sturgeon ?). 

Attidium, a town of Umbria, on .^Isis fl., 
L., towards its source. Attigio. 

Attis, a town of Palmyrene, on the Euphra« 
tes, bet. Alatis and Barbalissus. 

Attium prom., a pr. of Corsica, n. below 
Tilox prom. Punta di Aceiuolo. 

Attuabii, i. q. Chasuaiii. 

Atuatuci, a tribe of Tungri, in Germania 
II., bet. the Nervii and Mosa fl. In Lut" 
tick and Namur. 

Atuatica (Aduatica, Atnacua, Atuacntum, 
Tungri), capital of the Aduatud, in Ger- 
mania II., near Mosa fl., L., w.n.w. of 
Aquis Granum. Tbtigres, 

Atubi, a town of the Turtuli, Bsetica, bet. 
Corduba n.n.w. and Ulia s.s.w. A colonia 
(Claritas Julia). 

Atyba, prtus Poros, a town of Thrace, on 
Propontis, bet. Rhegia and Selymbria. 

Atubes, I. a people of Novem Populana, on 
Aturis fl., towards its source. II. postea 
Yicus JuUi, their capital, on Atuiis fl., s.w* 
of Elusa. Aire, 

Atubia, I. a r. of Tarraconensis, falling into 
Cantabricum mare, w. of Magrada fl. ? 
II. a district of Adiabene, Assyria, about 
Nineveh. The name was sometimes ap- 
plied to Assyria generally. 

Atubis fl. (Aturus), a r. of Novem Popu. 
lana, rising towards Aquae Conveoax^as^^ 



ATU 



60 



AUG 



and falling into the sea at Lapurdum. 
Adour, 

Aturnus fl., a rivulet of the Pentri, Sam- 
nium, rising in Eribanus m. and falling 
into Vulturnus fl. below Falsulae. 

Atusia, a town of Phrygia, on Capros fl. 

Atys fl.) Sidlise, i. q. Acithis. 

AucHA fl., a r. of the Quadi, Germania, 
falling into the Danube w. of Celmantia. 

AucHETJB, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, 
towards the Asampetse. 

AucHis^ (Ansariani), a people of Cyrenaica, 
s. of the Cabali. 

Aucis (Ausdates, Ulces), in Gallia Cisalpina, 
i. q. Ad Martis. 

AucuLA, a town of Etruria, on Pallia fl., n.e. 
of Satumia. 

AuDARiSTUs, a town of Pelagonia, Macedo- 
nia, on Erigonus fl., bet. Stobi (12) and 
Alcomense. 

AuDENA fl., a r. of Liguria, falling into the 
Magra. Aulla, 

AuDizETES, a people of Pannonia Inferior, 
on Dravus fl., R. 

AuDUM prom., a pr. of Mauritania Caesar., 
at the w. entrance of Numidicus sin. C. 
Carbon, 

AuDus, I. a r. of Mauritania Caesar., falling 
into the Mediterranean at Audum prom. 
Adous or Zowah. II. (Aurasius), a ridge 
of m. in S. Numidia, their sides rugged, 
but their summits level, fertile plains. 

AuFiDENA (Aufidenum, Aufina), I. capital 
of the Caraceni, Samnium, on Via Valeria, 
bet. Sulmo (15) and ^semia (18). Alfi- 
dena, II. a town of Daunia, Apulia, at 
the mouth of Aufidus fl., bet. Salinse (40) 
and Barduli (6). Torre del Qfanto. 

AufIdus fl., a r. of Apulia, rising in Balade 
m., s. of Sub Romula, and falling into the 
Adriatic at Aufidenum. Qfanto. II. of 
Latium, i. q. Ufens. 

AuFONA (Avona, Antona) fl., I. a r. of the 
Comavii, Brit. Rom., falling into Sabrina 
fl. above Glevum. Avon, II. of the 
Iceni, Britan., falling into Germanicus 
Oceanus, s.w. of Brannodunum. Owe, 
III. of the Iceni, Britan., felling into the 
Germanicus Oceanus below Burgiodu- 
num. Waveney, IV. of the Regni, Britan., 
fSsdling into the sea towards Magnus Portus. 
Wiltshire Avon, V. a town of the Belgse, 
vide Abone. VI. of the Iceni, on Aufona 
fl. Bungay. VII. of the Vestini, Pice- 
num, s.E. of Prifemum. Ofena, 

AuFUSTiANiE, a town of the Naresii, Illyria, 
N.N.w. of Narona. 

AuGJE, Pamphylia. i. q. Ptolemais. 

AuGALi, a people of Sogdiana, s. of the 
Tachori. 



AuGAJLMi, a town of Syrtica Regio, bet. 

Asao Luperd and Agsffiabae, w. of Zu- 

chis. 
AuGASii, a tribe of the Massagitse. 
AuGEJS, an inland town of the Locri Epicne- 

medii ; extinct in Strabo's time. 
AuGEMMi, a town of the Bagi Geetuli, in 

Libya, bet. Thabalati and Agma. 
AuGiLA, a dty of Cyrenaica, s. of Philonos, 

s.E. of Arse Philsenorum. It gave the 

name of Augilse to the Nasamones. 
AuGiNus m., a ridge of the Apennines, n. of 

the Apuani. 
Augusta, I. a town of Cilida Campestrisrin 

BryeUce Regie. II. a town of the Hemid, 

Latium, on Anio fl., below Snblaqueum. 

III. of Grallia Cispadana, bet. Butrium (11) 
and Sagis ad Padum (1 2). Salle di Agosta, 

IV. Auscf ORUM, prius Elimberris, postea 
Ausd, capital of the Ausd, Novem Popu- 
lana, s. of Lactora. Auch, V. C^bsarea, 
Tarraconensis, vide Csesar Augusta. VI. 
Emerita, a town of the Vettones, Lusita- 
nia, on the Anas, below Metellinum. Ap- 
pointed a colony of military pensioners 
(Emeriti) by Augustus. A colonia and pro- 
praetorial seat. Merida, VII. Gemella, 
Bsetica, videTncd. VIII. Nbmetum , vide 
Noviomagus. IX. Nova, a town of Tar- 
raconensis, vide Augustobriga. X. of the 
Vangiones, Germania, on Hadriani Vallum, 
E.N.E. of Noviomagus. XI. Pretoria, a 
town of the Burideenses, Dada, s.w. of 
Pirum. A praetorian colony of Augustus. 
Cronsiadt ; Brasson, XII. capital of the 
Salassi, Gallia Cisalpina, on Duria Major 
fl., L., bet. Arebrigium (25) and Vitridum 
(25), on Via Aurelia. Founded by Au- 
gustus, on the site of the camp of Terentius 
Varro. Aosta, XIII. Rauracorum, 
postea Raurad, capital of the Raurad, Max- 
ima Sequanorum, on the Rhine, bet. Basilea 
(6) and Sanctio. A colonia of Augustus. 
Augst ; Kayser, XIV. Suessionum 
(Noviodunum?), /?o«^ea Suessiones, capital 
of the Suessiones, Belgica II., on Axona fl., 
bet. Bibe and Noviomagus, n.w. of Duro- 
cortonum. Soissons, XV. Taurinorum, 
prins Taurasia, capital of the Taurini, 
Liguria, on Padus fl., bet. Ad Octavum 
(8) and Ad Decimum (10), on Via Aurelia. 
A colonia. Torino ; Turin. XVI.Tiberii, 
Vindelicia, i. q. Reginum. XVII. Treve- 
RORUM, postea Treveri, capital of the Tre- 
veri, Belgica I., on Mosella fl., n.e. of 
Andethanna. A colonia of Augustus. The 
residence of several of the Roman empe- 
rors, and denominated by Ausonius the 
second metropolis of the empire. TVier ; 
Trhes. XVIII. Tricastingruii , capital 



AUG 



61 



AUR 



of the Tricastinii GalUa Viennensis, on 
Dnma fl., R., bet. Dea Vocontiorum (23) 
and Valentia (22). Aousi en Diois. XIX. 
Trinobantum, i. q. Londinium. XX. 
Ulpia Trajana, i. q. Sarmizegethus. 
XXI. Yagiennorum, postea Bagienna, 
Baienna, capital of the Yagienni, Ldgoria, 
s. of PoUentia. Bene, XXII. Yeroman- 
suoRUMy capital of the Yeromandui, Bel- 
gica II., on Samara fl., near its source, 
bet. Camaracum (27) and Contra- Aginnum 
(I9i). St. Quentin, XXIII. Yindeli- 
CORUM, capital of the Licates, Yindelida, 
on Idcus fl., near its junction with Yindo fl. 
A colonia of Augustus, b.c. 12. Augsburg, 

AuGUSTAMNiCA, a later name of the Egyp- 
tian Delta s. 

AuGUfiTANA Castra, a town of the Runica- 
tes, Yindelicia, on the Danube, bet. Regina 
and Serviodurum (29). Azelburg. 

AuGUSTi Fossa, a canal in Latium, cut 
from Feronise to Ufens fl., s.e. of Cora. 

AuGUSTi Trophjsa, an arch erected by Au- 
gustus on Alpis Maritima, above Portus 
Herculis Monad, to mark the limits of 
Italy in that direction. On it were en- 
graved the names of the Alpine tribes he 
had subdued. La Turhia, 

AuGUSTOBONA (Augustomana), postea Tri- 
casses, Trecse, capital of the Tricasses, 
Lugdunensis lY., on Sequana fl., n.e. of 
Agedincum. Troyes, 

AuGUSTOBRiGA, I. a towu of the YettoneS) 
Lusitania, s.w. of Libera. Puente de Ar- 
zobispo, II. (Nova Augusta, Nudaugusta), 
a town of the Pellendones, Tarraconensis, 
bet. Numantia w.s.w. and Ceesar Augusta 
S.E. Alvea elMuro, 

AuGusTODUNUM, prius Bibracte, capital of 
the.£dui, Lugdunensis I., e. of Alisincum. 
Famous as a resort of learning. A colonia 
(Flavia). Autun, 

AvGusTODURUS, a town of the Lexovii, 
Lugdunensis II., bet. Croneiaconnus(31i) 
and Yiducasses (19). Bayeux, 

AuGUSTOMAGUS, postca SUvanectes, capital 
of the Silvanectes, Belgica II., on Isara fl., 
S.W. of Augusta Suessionum. Senlis, 

Augustomana, L q. Aognstobona. 

AuousTONXMKTUM (Ncmossus), prius Ar- 
vema, postea Clams mens, the later 
capital of the Arvemi, Aquitania I., on 
EJaver fl., x. of Gergovia. Clermont* 

AuGUSTOPOLis, I. a town of Arabia Petrsea. 
II. of Fhrygia Salutaris. 

AuGUSTORiTUM, Cap. of the Lemovices, 
Aquitania I., bet. Ad Fines (31 i) and 
Ai);;antomagus (31 i) w. of Augustoneme- 
tum. Limoges, 

AuGusTUM, a town of the Allobroges, Gallia 



Yiennensis, on Rhodanus fl., bet. Etanna 
and Yienna. 

AuL^, a port of Cilida Campestris, bet. 
Tarsus and Anchiale. 

AuLAHOx, a town of the Psylli, Africa Prop., 
on Syrtis Major, bet. Oesporis and 
Isdna. 

Aul^i-tIchos (Aulsei-Moenia, Thera), a 
town of Astica in Thrace, on the Euxine, 
s. of ApoUonia. JRouzeh. 

AuLERCi, a people of Lugdunensis III., 
comprising the A. Cenomanni, n. of the 
Turones ; the A. Diablintes, contiguous to 
the Sesuvii ; and the A. Eburovices, e. of 
the Lexovii. Dioceses of Mans and Eu- 
reux, 

AuLis, a town of Boeotia, on Euripus, over 
against Chalds (3 m.), the rendezvous, 
with Bathys portus, of the Grecian fleet 
destined against Troy. 

AuLOCRENE lac., a lake of Phrygia Magna, 
e. of Celsense. Noted for its fine reeds. 
The scene of the punishment of Marsyas. 

AuLON, I. a district of Apulia, on Gralsesus 
fl., L., N.E. of Tarentum. Celebrated for 
its fertility. Terra di Melone, II. the 
valley of Arethusa, in Chalddice. III. 
(Campus Magnus), the valley bet. Asphal- 
tites lac. and Tiberias lac., on the Jordan. 
El Gour, lY. CiLicius, the strait sepa- 
rating Cyprus from Cilida. Y. a district 
of Messenia, on Neda fl., on the borders 
of Triphylia and Arcadia. YI. a town of- 
Aulon reg., Messenia, on Neda fl., towards 
its mouth. YII. a mining village of At- 
tica, on Laurium .m. YIII. a town of the 
Taulantii, Ulyria, at the n.e. extremity of 
Aulonicus sin. Valona, 

AuLONicus sin., a gulf of the Adriatic, s. of 
ApoUonia. 

AuNEDONACUM, a towu of the Santones, 
Aquitania II., bet. Mediolanum (24^) and 
Rauranum (30) w.n.w. of Sermanicoma- 
gus. Aunay, 

AuNios ins., an isl. of Tarraconensis, in the 
Atlantic, s. of Corticata ins. 0ns, 

AuRiEi, a town of Yenetia, bet. Yicetia 
(11) and Cadiana. Montebello, 

AuRANiTis (Hauran), a district of Persea, 
bet. Trachonitis and Gaulonitis. Hanrmu 

AuRASius m., Numidie, i. q. Audus. 

AuREA Chersonesus, I. a peninsula of 
India e. Gangem, bet. Indicum mare and 
Eous oceanus. Malacca, II. a prom, of 
Aurea Chersonesus, at its w. commence- 
ment, opposite Bazacata ins. 

Aurea regie, a district of India e. Gangem, 
on the L. bank of Darius fl. Pegu, 

AuRELiANi, I. a tribe of Camutes, Lugdu- 
nensis lY., N.B. of the Tuio\i'ea, DvjpwX- 



AUR 



62 



AUT 



ment of Loiret, and part of Cher, II. 
their capital, i. q. Genabum. 

Aureus m., I. m. of central Corsica, about 
Mora. In direction n.b. and s.e., forming 
an elbow. Monte d*Oro. II. of Moesia 
Sup., overlooking Aureus m. It was 
planted with vines by Probus. III. a 
town of the Triballi, Moesia, on the 
Danube, bet. Tricomium and Margus, at 
the foot of Aureus m. Crozca, 

AuRicoRNU prom., a pr. of the Bosporus 
Thradus, over against Calchedon. 

Auricula, a town of the Mqm, n.e. of 
Tibur. 

AuRiGANi, Tanaconens., i. q. Autrigones. 

AuRiNiA, the early name of Satumia, 
Etruria. 

AuRiTiNA^ a town of Cyrenaica, s. of Cy- 
rene. 

AuRONUs fi., a r. of Dada, foiling into 
Farata^fl. 

AuRU, a town of the Garamantes, Libya, 
bet. Yinaza and Thentei. 

AuRUNCA, the early capital of the Aurunci, 
in Latium, near Suessa Auruncorum. 
Church of Santa Croce. 

AuRUNci, an Iberian or Sicanian people, 
settled at first in s.e. Latium, above the 
Ausones, and driven thence into n.w. 
Campania. 

AusA, capital of the Ausetani, Tanaconens. , 
bet. Cortona w. and Secenrae b. Viqiie 
d*088ona, 

AusANCALio, a town of libumia, bet. An- 
cus and Clambete. 

AusAR (^sar, Ansa) fl., a r. of the Apuani, 
in Etruria, rising in Balista m., and fall- 
ing formerly into Amus fl. at Pisse, but 
now into the sea by a distinct dianneL 
Serchio. 

AusARA, capital of the Ausaritse, Arab., on 
the coast, n. of Syagrus prom. 

AusAVA, a town of tiie IVeveri, Bdgica I., 
bet. Beda (18) and Icorigium (12). 

008. 

Auscii, a people of Aquitania, bet. the 
Aturis and tiie Garumna. HatUes Py- 

Auser fl., a r. of Syrtica reg., fiaUing into 
the Mediterranean e. of Zuchis. 

Auses (Ausenses), a people of ISbjv^ to- 
wards Triton fl., who odebrated peculiar 
games in honour of Minerva. 

Ausetani, a people of Tarraconensis, on 
the Mediterranean, s., bet. the Indigetes 
N. and the Lseetani s. 

AusiODA (Nausida), a maritime town of 
Pentapolis Cyrenaicee, bet. Ptolemais and 
Aptuchi fanum. Zadra, 

AuaiLiNDUMy a town of the Bagi Gtetoli^ 



Libya, bet. Berezei and Agma, under 

Girgiris m. 
AusiRA (Lysira), i. q. Lystra. 
AusoBA Kstuar., an sstuary of the Mag- 

natse, Hibemia, on the Atiantic, at Mag- 

nata. Galway Bay. 
AusoxA, capital of the Ausones, Latium, n. 

of Mintumse. Sonnino, 
Aus5kes, a Sicanian people, settled on the 

coast of Latium, bet. the Volsd and Au- 

rund, long prior to the siege of Troy. 

Subjugated by Rome 335 b.c. Their 

name was poetically applied to tiie whole 

peninsula. 
AusoNiA, a poetical designation of Italy, 

from the Ausones ; speaally, the district 

about Ausona. 
AusoNiuM mare, that portion of the Mars 

Ionium which washes the shores of Sidly 

E., Bruttium, and Magna Grseda. 
AusTRAGENA, a district of F&rthia, noted 

for its naphtha. 
AusTRALis oc., i. q. Indicus. 
AusTRAViA, i. q. Glessaria ins., Crerm. 
AusuGUM, postea Alsuga, a town of the 

Tridentini, Yenetia, on Meduacus Mag. 

fl., bet. Tridentum (24) and Fettria 

(30). Valsiigana. 
AusuRiAxi, a people of Afiica Propria, to- 
wards Cyrenaica. 
AuTACiE, a people of Sannatia As., towards 

Mseotis pidus. 
AuTARiATJB, a people of lUyiia, oontigiioiis 

to the Triballi. 
AtTTHETANi, the Greek form of Ausetani. 
AuTHiAND^, a people of Sannatia Asiat., 

towards Mseotis palus. 
AuTiPsiDA, a town of Byzacene, bet. Avula 

and Uzappa. 
AuTissiODORi, a people of Aquitania I., 

N.w. of the .^^ui, about Autissiodorum. 
AuTissiODORUM, a town of the Autissiodori, 

and afterwards of the Senones, Lugdn- 

nensis lY., bet. Aballo (33) and Eburo- 

brica (18). Auxerre, 
AuTORi, a people of Hibemia, x. of the 

Gangani. Galway. 
AuTOBA (Atteva), a town of the Evonymits, 

on the Nile, bet. Tasitia and Phtuiis. 

Soieb. 
AuTOLOLA ins., Africa, i. q. Junonis ins. 
AuTOLOLES, a tribe of Gsetuli, Libya, on 

Asama fl., towards its mouth. Morocco. 
AuTOMALAx (Automala, Automalaca, Ana- 

buds), a fortress of Cyrenaica, on Syrtis 

Maj., E. of Philaenorum. 
Automate ins. (Hi^raY, one of the Sporades 

Ins., bet. Thera and Therasia. 
AuTOMELA, capital of the Horatse, Ind.. on 

an island. Cochin, 



AUT 



63 



AXA 



AiTTRi, a peo^de of Arabia Ptetnea, n. of 

Arnnoe. 
AutbYcum, posted Canmtes, capital of the 

Canrates, Lugdimeiisis lY., bet. Duro- 

casses and Suindinmn. The locality of the 

jndidal sittiiigs of the Gaulish Druids to 

decide disputes among the nobles. CAar- 

irtt. 
AuTRiGONES, a tribe of Cantabri, bet the 

Caristi B. and the Tnrmodigi w. 
AuTURA fl., a r. of Lugdunensis 11., fidling 

into the Sequana at Uggadis. Eure* 
AvzAKA, a town of ijabia, on the Eu- 
phrates, bet. Rahaba and Dura. 
AuziA (Auza), a fortress of Mauritania Cae- 

Mffiensis, bet. Caesarea and Sitifis. A co- 

Ionia. Hamza, 
Auzni, a town of the Macse, Africa Propria, 

on Syrtis Mag., s. bet. Chosol and Ad 

Ficum. 
AvGiA m., m. of Syrica. Atai, N, 
AuxxNNA, a town of the Remi, Belgica II., 

on Azona fl., bet. Ninittacum (13^) and 

Dorooortomm (15). Menneville. 
Attxima, ap. Flormn, L q. Uxama, Tarra- 

oonens. 
AuxImvm (Auzfimum), a town of Picenum, 

on Misens fl., bet. Ancona and Ridna, on 

Tia Flaminia. Onmo, 
AuxiavA, a town of Tripolitana, near the 

Cinyps, s.w. of Leptis Major. 
AuzACi m., m. of Scythia e. Imaum and 



AuzAciA, a town of Scythia e. Imaam, on 

(Eduurdns fl., towards its source. 
AnzAciTA, a people of Scythia e. Imaum, 

on Auzad m. • 
Ataut^. Vide Abalitse. 
AvANTici, a people of Alpes Maritimse, n. 

of the Bodiontid. 
AvA&A, L a r. of Lugdunensis II., falling 

into the Autura fl. below Mediolanum. 

II. Havarra, a town of Arabia Petrsea, 

vjt. from .£lana. 
AvAiLENi, a people of Sarmatia s., on 

l^stola fl. Ahout Cracow, 
AvAREs, a tribe of Sarmatians settled in 

Germania Magna, under Carpathus m. 
AvarIcum, postea Bitoriges, cap. of the 

Bituriges Cubi, Aquitania I., bet. Condate 

and Alerta, on Autora fl., L., near its 

source. Bourges. 
AvABPi, a tribe of Vindili, Germ., bet the 

Vironi w. and the Rheudigni £. 
Ayarum prom., a pr. of Galliecia, w. of 

Bracara. Cabo di Viana, 
AvATicoRUif Stagnum, 1. q. Astromela. 
Aybia, a town of the Vestini, Pioenum, on 

Atemis fl., B., bet. Prifemum (7) and 

Pmsteme (2). JFbMO. 



AvsLDius fl., a r. of Apulia, fiUling into the 
sea bet. Barduli and Turenum. 

Aybn, a valley of Syria, in Lebanon, 30 m. 
N. of Damascus. About Baalbek, 

AvENio, a city of the Cayares, Gallia Tien- 
nensis, on the Rhine, L., near its junction 
with Druentia fl. A Massilian settlement. 
Avignon, 

Aybndum, a town of libumia, bet Arape- 
num and Senia. 

AvBNS, a r. of the Sabines, whence the 
name Aventinus was given to Mt Aven- 
tine. 

Avbntia, a rivulet of Etruria, falling into 
Tynrhenum mare s. of Luna. Lavenza, 

AvENTicuM, cap. of the Ambrones, Maxima 
Sequanoram, bet Minoduium (19^) and 
Petinesca (21). A colonia of Vespasian. 
(Colonia Plavia ; Via Flavia.) Avenches, 

Aybrnus lac. (Aomos, ** without birds ''), a 
salt lake of Campania, at Cumee, commu- 
nicating with Lucrinus lac by a narrow 
channd; formed into a harbour called 
Portus Julius by M. Agrippa. It was 
surrounded on all sides, except at the 
outlet, by dark wooded cliffs, sacred to 
Hecate, and its depth was reputed im- 
fathomable. Its sulphureous exhalations, 
Altai to birds (whence the name), occa- 
sioned it to be identified as the locality 
of Ulysses' descent into helL Logo 
d'Avemo, 

AvERNUs specus, a cavern near Avemus 
lac., the cave of the Cumsean sibyL One 
of the fiibled entrances to helL Avemo ? 

Ayes, a town of Byzaoene, s. of Silesua. 

Avia fl., a r. of Arcadia, in Pheneus campus. 

AviMi (Avites, Hivites), an early people of 
Canaan, on the coast about Ascalon, ex- 
pelled or destroyed by the Philistines. 

AvioNES, a tribe of Vindili, Germ., on 
Albusfl. 

AviRETH, a town of Osrhoene, bet. Batnse 
and Comisimbela. 

AviTTA, a town of Zeugitana, bet. Bisica 
and Thubarbis Maj. 

Avium, I. ins., an- id. of Arabia Felix, on 
Erythrseum m., sjc. of Abisama. II. op- 
pidum, Phcenidse, L q. Omithonpolis. 
III. prom., Taprobane, i. q. Omeum. 

AvuLA, a town of Byzaoene, bet Leggo 
andAntipsida. •« 

Aws fl., a r. of Tarraoonensis, fiilling into 
the Atlantic bet Celadus fl. n. and Du- 
rius fl. s. Ave, 

AxANTis ins., an isl. of Lugdunensis III., 
N.w. of Gobaeum prom. 

AxATi (Olaura), a town of the Turtuli, 
Btetica, on Ihe Bstis, above Arva. A 
munidpium. Zrora« 



AXE 



64 



AZI 



AxEiuM, a town of the Sagii, in Lugdu- 

nensis 11., s. of Sagium. 
AxELLODUNUM^atownof theBriganteSi Brit., 

at Hadriani mums. The station of the 

Cohors I. Hispanorum. Burgh on the 

Sands. 
AxENus, the earlier name of the Enxine, 

from tiie " inhospitality'' of its people. 
AxiA, a fortress of Etruna, near Tarquinii. 
AxiACiE, I. a people of Sarmatia Europsea, 

bet. Axiaces fl. and the Hypanis. Noted 

for their honest simplidly of life. II. 

Their capital, on the Hypanis, i. q. Olbia. 
AxiACES fl., a r. of Sarmatia Europeea, 

falling into Sagaricus sin., w. of the 

Hypanis. 
AxiLis, Marmarica, vide Azilis. 
AxiMA, I. a town of the Centrones, Alpes 

Penninse, bet. Bergintrum (9) and Daran- 

tasia (10). Aisme, II. of Persia, on 

Oroatis fl. 
AxiNUM, a town of the Celtiberi, Tarraco- 

nensis. 
AxiopoLis, a town of Moesia Inferior, on the 

Danube, bet. Capidava and Sncddava. It 

was from this point, according to Ptolemy, 

that the Danube was called Ister. Ras- 

80va, 
AxiuM, a town of Amphaxitis, Macedonia, 

on Axius fl., 7 m. N.w. of Thessalonica. 

Vardari, 
AxiUM fl., I. a r. of the Damnonii, fidling 

into the sea below Axela. Jjve, II. posiea 

Bardarus, of Macedonia, separating Bot- 

tiaea from Mygdonia, rising in Scardus m., 

near Scopia, and falling into the Thermai- 

cus sin. at Chalastra. Vardari. 
Axon fl., a r. of Caria, falling into Indus fl., 

near Calyhda. 
Ax5na fl., a r. of Belgica II., felling 

into Isara fl. below Augusta Suessionum. 

Aisne. 
Axuenna, a town of the Remi, Belgica II., 

bet. Basilia (18) and Yerodimum (25^). 

Vienne la Ville. 
AxuME (AixQme), I. a country of Africa, 

s.E. of Meroe. Tigr4and part ofAhyS' 

sinia. II. its capital, s.w. of Adule, near 

the source of Astaboras fl. Thence came 

the celebrated obelisk, one of forty-five 

originally standing there. Ajntm. 
JbcYLOs BfGio, " without wood," a district 

of Phrygia, on the s.w. confines of Ga- 

latia. 
AzA, I. a town of Armenia Minor, bet. Dra- 

contes (24) and Satala (24). II. i. q. 

Gaza. 
AzABiTis, a district of Sarmatia Asiatica, bet. 

Rhombites Major fl. and Theophamus fl. 

BascAcrosch, 



AzAGAJLiUM, a town of the Amadod, Sar- 
matia, on the Borysthenes, L., above Ama- 
doca. Czemobol ? 

AzALA, a village of Bithjmia, near Hera- 
deum. 

AzALi, a people of Pannonia Superior, under 
Cetius m., s. of Vindobona. 

AzAMORA, a fortress of Cappadoda, in 
Cataonia Prsefectura. 

AzANi, capital of Azanitis, Phrygia, on Rhyn- 
dacus fl., L., towards its source, n. of 
Cadi. 

AzANiA, I. one of the three districts into 
which Areas divided Arcadia, extending 
from Orchomenus to Alpheus fl., and 
named after his sOn Azan. II. a maritime 
country of Ethiopia, s. of Egypt. Zan- 
guehar; Ajan. 

Azanitis, a district of Phrygia Epictetus, 

N.W. 

Az ANiuM mare, that portion of the Oceanus 

. Indicus which borders Azania. 

AzANius fons (Clitorius), a fountain at Clitor 
m., Arcadia, sacred to Cybele, the waters 
of which created a distaste for wine. 

AzANus fl., a r. of Taprobane, frJling into 
the sea bet. Odoca and Nabaita. 

AzARA, I. a town of Armenia Major, on the 
Araxes. II. potitts Zara (Urzan, Ram Or- 
muz), of the Elymeei, Susiana, on Hedyphoa 
fl., with a temple of Zara (Diana). III. of 
the Themeotae, Sarmatia Asiatica, on 
Maeotis pal., at the mouth of Theopha- 
niusfl. 

AzARABA, a town of the Tyrambse, Sarmatia 
Asiatica, on Rhombites fl., L., towards 
its mouth. 

AzARi portus, a port of Bithynia,.on Bospo- 
rus Thradus, at the x. mouth of Azaritia 
fons. 

Azaritia fons, a stream of Bithynia, fidling 
into Bosporus Thradus at Nioopolis. It 
was said to contain crocodiles. 

AzAUM, a town of Valeria, Pannonia, on the 
Danube, above Adncum. 

AzEKAH, a town of Judah, 12 m. e. of Beth- 
lehem, where the Amoriteswere destroyed 
by hailstones. 

AzEM, a town of Simeon. 

AzENiA, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Hippothoontis, on Saronicus sin., w. of 
Sunium prom. Alegrana. 

Az£TiuM, a town of Feucetia, n.e. of Giru- 
mum. 

AziBiNTHA ins., one of the Sporades ins. 

AziLis (Naxilis, Naziris, Axilis), a port of 
Pentapolis Cyrenaicse, bet. Cheraonesas 
Magna and Damis. 

AziRis, I. a district of Armenia Inferior, on 
Pyxirates fl., L. Arhir^, II. (Ereza), 



AZI 



65 



BAD 



its capital, on Pyzirates fl., towards its 

junction with Lycus fl. III. vide Basgte- 

dariza. 
Azizis (Ahihis, Aixi), a town of the Potnla- 

tenses, Dada, 12 m. n. from Bersovia. 
AzocHiSy a town of the Absidri, Assyria, n.w. 

of Ecbatana. 
AzoNES, a people of Central Assyria, e. under 

Choatros m. 
AzoRUS, a town of Pelagonia Tripolis, Thes- 

aaly, bet. Doliche and Oxynia (15). Fti- 

tm/a. 
AzoTA, a town of Colchis, s.e. of Apasida. 
AzoTUS, Syrise, i. q. Asdod. 
AzuRiTANUM Oppidum, Byzacenc, i. q. 

Assura. 



B. 



Baal-bek, the local name, '* City of the 
Sun," of HeliopoUs, Phoenicia. 

Baal-Gad, i. q. Baal-Hermon. 

Baal-Hermon (Baal-Gad), a town of Gali- 
Isea, imder Hermon m., e. of Sarepta. 

BAAL-MEON(Beth-Meon, Beth-Baal-Meon), 
baths of Reuben, 9 m. s.w. from Heshbon. 

Baal-Perazim, a village of Rephaim Vallis, 
s.w. of Jerusalem. 

Baax-Zephon, ** northern light-house,'' the 
scriptural name of Arsinoe-Cleopatris, 
Egypt. 

Baba (EUleja, Eleju), a town of Mygdonia, 
Mesopotamia, bet. Thebeta and Singara. 

Babanomus (Bamonitis), a district of Gala- 
tia, on Halys fl., R. 

Babba, a town of Mauritania Ting., 40 m. 
S.E. from lixus, imder Atlas ISfinor. A 
colonia of Augustus (Julia Campestris). 
Bani Teude, 

Babylon (Babel, Sheshach), I. capital of 
Babylonia, on both sides of the Euphrates, 
s.w. of Seleucia. Founded by Belus, 247 
B.C. ; enlarged by Semiramis. Here was 
the tower of Babel, a temple of Belus 
{Birs Nemrood), II. postea Fostat, a 
town of Lower Egypt, on the Nile, R., s.£. 
of Cercasorum. Old Cairo; Musr el 
Ateekeh, 

Babylonia, a country of Asia, bounded n. 
by Mesopotamia, at Medius mums, and by 
Assyria at the Tigris ; s. by Persicus sin. 
and Arabia ; w. by Arabia Deserta ; and 
E. by the Tigris. Irak Arabi. 

Babyrsa, a fortress of Armenia, near Ar- 
taxata. 

Babytaca, Susiana, i. q. Badaca. 

Baca, I. a fortress of Cilida. II. a town of 
the Jazyges Metanastae, n.w. of Admin- 
cum. III. of Mauritania, i. q. Yacoce* 



Bacari, a town of India i. Gangem, w. at 

the mouth of Barius fl., bet. Podoperura 

and Melinda. Calicut, 
Bacas-Chamiri, a town of the Zamareni, 

Arabia, n.e. of Aramana. Smca-Sha^ 

mary. 
Bacasis, a town of the Ausetani, Tarraco- 

nensis, on Rubricatus fl., L., n.e. of Se- 

lensis. Baga» 
Bacatailli, a town of Cassiotis, Syria, e. of 

Laodicea. Bellulca; Bahhlulie. 
Baccanjb, a town of Etruria, on Via Cassia^ 

bet. Veil (9) and Sutrium (12). Baccano, 
Bacchi urbs, a town of Taprobane, n.e., at 

the mouth of Baracus fl., bet. Bocana and 

Cytffium prom. 
Bacchia, a town of Albania, w. of Sanua. 
Bacenis sUva, the portion of Hercynia silva 

bet. the Cherusd and the Catti. 
Bachetium (Bucenta), a fortress of Casso- 

pseia, at the e. extremity of Acherusia 

palus. Castri, 
Bachilitjs (Anchitse), a people of Arabia, 

towards the s.e. coast, e. of the Kitheba- 

nitae. Tribe of Beni Kahtany, 
Bachis, a town of Heptanomis, on Moeris 

lac. E. 
Bactra, capital of Bactria, on Bactrus fl., 

N.w. of Aomos. Balkh. 
Bactria (Bactriana), a country of Asia, 

bounded n. by Sogdiana, at Oxus fl. ; s. 

and E. by Aria, at Parapomisus m. ; and 

w. by Margiana. Balkh. 
Bactrus fl., I. Armenise, i. q. Araxes. II. 

(Dargidus), a r. of Bactria, falling into 

Oxus fl. below Bactra. Balkh ; Dehoich. 
Bacuates, a people of Mauritania Tingit., s. 

of Atlas Min., w. of the Macanitae. 
Bacuntius fl., a r. of Pannonia Inferior, 

falling into Sayus fl. at Sirmium. Bosiui, 
Badaca (Babytacse), a town of the Cosssei, 

Susiana, on the Euleeus, under Cosssei m. 
Badacum, i. q. Bedajum. 
Badara, a town of Gedrosia Pardene, s.w. 

of Cottobara. 
Badatium, a town of Taurica Chersonesus, 

N.E. of Sfltarche. 
Badea Regia (Vadea), a town of theCinee- 

docolpitae, Arabia, on the Red Sea, s.w. of 

MaooVba, of which it was the port. Ra8 

Bad. 
Babera, a town of the Tolcse Tectosages, 

Narbonensis I., s.e. of Tolosa, bet. Ad 

NoYum and Ad Yigesimum. Basiege, 
Badia, a later name of Pax Augusta. 
Badiamjei, a people of India i. Gangem, on 

Tyndis fl., R., towards its mouth. 
Badias, a town of Nnmidia, bet. Audus m. 

and Palladis lac., w. of Ad Majores. 
Badis, I. a town of Cacm»s\Sft, «^.Cax<^S^ 



BAD 



66 



BAL 



. prom. II. of Etraris, i. q. Yicos 

Badies. 
Badiza, Bruttii, i. q. Besidise. 
Baduhenna lucus, a sacred grove of the 

Frisii, Germania, bet. Fleviis lac. and the 

sea. 
B2EA m., a m. on thew. coast of Cephallenia, 

bet.. Pale and Taphos. Named after Bceus, 

the steersman of Ulysses. 
BiEBE, I. a town of Caria. II. of Crete, 

near Gortys. 
B^BERDON, a town of Cappadoda. 
BificoR, a town of Spain. 
B^cuLA, I. a town of the Ausetani, Tarra- 

conensis, on Alba fl., L., above Gerunda. 

II. of Bsetica, n. of Baniana. 
B^LO, I. a r. of Bsetica, falling into the At- 
lantic near Bsesippo. Barbate, II. a port 
. of Beetica, e. of Beelo fl. A colonia. Ba- 

Ionia, 
,BiBNUM, Arabia, i. q. Catabanum. 
B^ONES ins. (Barace), an isl. of Larica, 

India, s. of Barygazenus sin. Peram. 
!ptA8ippo, a port of the Turtetani, Bsetica, 

bet. Junonis prom. w. and Baelo e. Vejer. 
JB^TANA, a city of Ariaca, India, 50 m. s.E. 

from Omenogara. Beder. 
By£T£RRiB (Bcterrse, Blitarra), sumamed 

Septimanorum, a town of the Tectosages, 
' NarbonensiSy bet. Cessero and Narbo, on 

Orbris ft., L. A colony of the 7th legion. 
; ■ , ^ezierea, 

B^Tic A (Turtitania), a division, by Augustus, 
• .of mspania Ulterior, separated from Lusi- 

tania by Anas fl., and from Tarraconensis 
. by aline finomPortus Magnus, at Murgis s. 
.. to Ilucia N» Named from the Bsetis. 

Andalusia, and parts (^ Alemtejo, Estre- 

.. maduroi and La Mancha. 

B^Tis (Perkis) fl«, print Taitessus, a r. of 

■ Hispania, Bsetica, rising in Tugiensis saltus, 

. near Tugia, and f^ng into the Atlantic by 

two mouths,'the N.w, at Tartessus, the s.b. 

above Gades. Ouudalqmvir {Arabic^j 

Wad el Kebiry " great river "). 
Batius, I. -a r. of Arabia Felix, falling into 

the Red Sea, 1 m. n. from Badei. Bar- 

dm. II. a m* of Asia, dividing Gedrosia 
J from Aradboflia. 
pjBTULo fl.,ar.of Tari»C0iieiMis» fatUng^into 

the Mediterranean w. of Beetulo. . Be$08, 
. II. a town of ^e l^seetani, TarraooneosiSt 
^ on Beetulo fl., n.e. of B^rcino. Badalona. 
B^TURiA, the N.w. .district of Bsetica, bet. 

the Anas and Mariimus m. 
Baga, i. q. Vaga. 
Bagacum (Baganum, Basiacnm, Bavacnm), 

the eadj capital of the Nervii, Belgica II., 

bet. Camaracum (27) and Yodgoriacum 
,(18). Bauty. 



Bagadaonia, a district of s. Cappadoda, 
under Taurus m. 

BAGiE, a town of the Massagetse, Sogdiana, n. 
of Tribactra. 

Bagaze, a port of Libya Int., n. of Soloen- 
tium prom. 

Bage, a town of Lydia, on Hermus fl., R., 
above Attalia. 

Bagisara, a port of the Ichthyophagi, Ge- 
drosia, bet. Calyba and Malana. 

BagistXna, a town of Media, s.x. of Ecba- 
tana. Upon a rock here are figures and 
cuneiform inscriptions, illustrative of the 
victories of Darius Hystaspes. Behittum, 

Bagistanus m., a m. of Media, at BagistBot, 
sacred to the Bagas (gods of Media). 

Bagous m., m. intersecting Aria n.w. and 
extending into Arachosia s.E. Gaur. 

Bagradas fl. (Bagadras, Braca), I. a r. of 
Africa, rising in Numidia, e. of Justis, and 
falling into the Mediterranean at Utica. 
On its banks occurred the adventure of 
the army of Regulus with the serpent 
Medscherda; Brada, II. of Agizymba, 
Africa, losing itself in the sands. Wad el 
Mezzeran, III. of Asia, falling into Per- 
sicus sin., e. of Apostana. The boundary 
of Persis Prop, and Carmania. JHorud, 

Bagravandene, a district of Armenia 
Major, bet. the Araxes and the Euphratei, 
w. of Ararat. Bagrevend, 

Bagrum, a town of Lycaonia, bet. Tolisto- 
chorium and Vetestum. 

Baharein ins., an isl. of Arabia Felix, s.e. 
of Gherra. 

Bahurim, a city of Benjamin, e. of Jerasa^ 
lem. 

Baijs, I. a town of Cilicia Campestris, on 
■Issicus sin., s. of Issus, 16 m. from Casta- 
bolura. Bagas. II. baths of Campania, 
on Puteolinus sin., n. of Misenum. Named 
from Baius, a companion of Ulysses. 
Sacred to Venus. Baia, 

Bainis fl., Callsecia, i. q. Minius. 

Baiocasses, I. (Badiocasses), a tribe of 
Lexovii, Lugdunensis II., e. of the Unelli. 
In Le Bessin. II. prius Augustoduras, 
their capital, i. q. Augustodurum. 

Bajobari, i. q. Bojoarii. 

Bala (Bada, Valla), a town of Pieria, Mac^ 
donia, 7 i^i* w. from Olympus. Servitza, 

BALACRiE, a town of Pentapolis Cyrenaics, 
bet. Cyrene and Artamis. 

Balagaia, a town of Arabia, on the Eu- 
phrates, above Belesi. 

Balan^a, a town of Cassiotis, Syria, on the 
Mediterranean, bet. Paltus (8) and Camus, 
'JirsL.'s, from Tripolis. 

Balanstba, a town of the Triballi, Moesia, 
bpt. Trftnslitse and Meldia. 



BAL 



«7 



BAR 



Balari, a people of Sardinia, bet. the Cozsii 

uid the Cnnostani. 
Balarum, a haven of Bmtfcium, cowards 

Scylla. 
Balbia, a town of Ji^ttinm. AltomofUe. 
Balbura, a town of Lyda, near Cibyia. 
Balcxa, a town of Mysia. Bali-Kesri. 
Bauarbs ins. (Balearides, 63rmnasiK, Chs- 

arades, Chsrades), two isl. of Tarraconen- 

fia, N.B. of Pityuste ins. Named from 

the skill of tiie inhabitants with the sling. 

Majorca and Minorca. 
Balepatna, a port of Ariaca, India, 8. of 

Simylla prom. Terrapur. 
Baletium (Valetinm), a maritime town of 

Calabria, bet. Pactius fl. (10) and Lnpia 

(16). Sttn Pietro Vemotico. 
Balista m., a summit of the Apennines, in 

Liguria, n.w. of Letus m. ML Balistra. 
Baixatha, Mesopotamia, i. q. Balnse. 
BAI.NBUM Regis, baths of Etmria, s.e. of 

VulsiniL Bagnara. 
Balomum, a port of Gedrosia, 50 m. from 

Bama. 
Baxonga, a port of Anrea Chersonesus, 

near Thagora. 
Balsa, a town of the Coneos, Lnsitania, 

bet. Cunenm prom, and Esuris (24). A 

municipinm. Tavira. 
Baltia ins., 1. q. Abalns. 
Bajltra fl., a r. of Messenia, felling into the 

Pamisus. Named from the lyre of Tha- 

myris. Mauro-ZouriMna. 
Balzanum, a town of the Tridentini, 

Rhsetia, on Athesis fl., below its confluence 

with the Atagis. Bolsano; Botzen. 
BAMBAI.A, a port of India i. Gangem, w. 

bet. Cottiara and Comaria prom. (10.) 

Manpolg. 
Bambotus fl., of Libya, i. q. Nia. 
Bambtce, Syria, a second Greek name of 

Hierapolis. 
Bana, Arabia, i. q. Catabana. 
Banachath, a town of Arabia Deserta, 

towards Persicus sin. The seat of the 

diildren of Nahath. 
Bamasa, a town of Mauritania Tingitana, 

on Sados fl., L., 60 m. s. of Lizus. A 

colonia of Augostns (Valentia). Mahmora. 
Baicatia, a town of the Caledonii, Brit, w. 

of Victoria. 
Banavasi, a town of Ariaca, Ind., s.w. of 

Omenogara. Ptma, 
Bandotieme, a district of India i. Gangem, 

on Choaspes fl. 
Baitdritum, a town of the Senones, Itug- 

dvnensis lY., bet. Autissiodoram s.w. and 

Ebnrobrica n.w. 
Banian A, a town of the Tnrtiili, Bsetica, N.x. 

of Illiturgis. 



Bantctrji, a tribe of Gsetuli, in Mauiitanis 

Cesariensis, on Siga fl., towards its source. 
Banizomenes (t. e. Beni Zomran), a people 

of Arabia Felix, on the Red Sea, n. of tiie 

Arss. The descendants of Zimran, son of 

Keturah. Tribe of Beni Omran. 
Bannavamta (Bennavenna), a town of the 

Catavellauni, Maxima Cssariensis, 17 m. 

S.E. from Yenonse. Daoentry. 
Bannomanna ins. (Bantomanna), i. q. Rau- 

ronia. 
Bamtia, I. capital of the Callicaeni, Illyria, 

on Genusus fl., bet. Cerax and Deboma. 

II. a town of Lucania, 6 m. w.n.w. from 

Silvium. The death-place of Marcellus. 

Vanza. 
Banubari, a people of Arabia Felix, on the 

Red Sea, about Charmothus, n.w. of the 

ArsflB. 
Bafhyrus fl., Maced., L q. Helicon. 
Baptana, capital of Cambadene, Media, 

s.w. of Ecbatana. Near Kirmanschah. 
Bara, I. an sestuary of Britain. Murtay 

Frith. II. (Pharos), an isL of Calabria, 

over against Brundusium. 
Baraba. Vide Taraba. 
Baraga, a maritime town of Albania, n. of 

Cyrus fl. Pakovan. 
Barace, I. an isl. of India, i. q. Bseones. 

II. a bay of Indicus Oceanus, at Barace 

ins. GulfofCambay W. 
Baracum, a town of Phazania, n.w. of Saba. 
Baracurra, a port of Cirrhadia, India, s. 

of Catabeda fl. 
Baracus fl., a r. of Taprobane, fidling into 

Indicus Oceanus at Bacchi urbs. 
Baramalcum, Arab., i. q. Mariaba. 
Barangb, a town of Hyrcania, n.e. 
Baraxmalcha, a town of Mesopotamia, on 

the Euphrates, s. of Olabus. 
Baratha (Barate), a town of Lycaonia, bet. 

Iconium (50) and Tyana (39). Bore ? 
Barathea, i. q. Sirbonis palus. 
Barba, a town of the Turtetani, Btetica, 

N.E. of Teba. 
BARBALissns,a town of Chalybonitis, on the 

Euphrates, bet. Attis and Eragiza. The 

residence of the satrap Baleses. BaUs. 
Barbana fl.,a r. of the Labeates, Ill3rria, ris- 
ing in Scordus m., and, after passing through 

Labeatis palus, forming below Scodia, 

with Clausula fl., the r. Oriuns. Moracca, 
Barbaria, i. q. Azania. 
Barbariana, I. a town of the Turtetani. 

Bsetica, on the Mediterranean, n. of Calpe 

(10). II. of the Berones, Tarraconensis, 

near Lumberita. 
Barbaricini, a maritime people of Sardinia, 

bet. the .^saronenses n. and the SaM- 

tani s. 



BAR 



68 



BAS 



Barbaricum Emporium, a town of India i. 

Gangem, at the mouth of the Nile. Debil, 

Divl'Sind, 
Barbarium, I. prom., a pr. of Lusitania, s. 

of Magnum prom. Cabo de EapicheL 

II. sin., the portion of Indicus Oceanus 

on the coast of Barbaria (Azania). Gulf 

of Zanguebar. 
Barbesula, I. (Chrysus), a r. of Bsetica, 

falling into the Mediterranean at Barbesula. 

Guadiaro. II. a port of Bsetica, b. above 

Barbariana. 7brr« Guadiaro. 
Barbosthenes m., a summit of Menelaium 

m., Laoonia, at Xarax. 
BARCiEi (Barchitee), a people of Cyrenaica, 

about Barce. 
Barcani, a people of Parthia, on the borders 

of Hyrcania. 
Barce, I. capital of the Barcsei, Cyrenaica, 

s.w. of Cyrene. Enlarged b.c. 500, by 

Greeks from Cyrene. Merdsjeh, II. prom. 

a pr. of Cyrenaica, at Ptolemais. 
BARciNO (Barchino), capital of the Laletani, 

Tarraconensis, on the sea, s. of Prsetorium. 

Founded by Hamilcar Barcas, 235 B.C. 

A colonia (Faventia). Barcelona. 
Barda ? a town of Drangiana, on Etyman- 

drus fl., R., above Palacenti. 
Barderate, a town of Liguria, on the Padus, 

at the confluence of Duria fl. Verrua. 
Bardines, Phoenicia, the local name of the 

Chrysorrhoas. 
Bardoara, a town of the Doani, Ind., on 

Doanas fl., above Berabe. 
Bardulum, a maritime town of Apulia, on 

Via Frentana, bet Aufidus fl. (6) and 

Aveldius il. (9). Barletta. 
Barea, a town of the Bastitani, Tarra- 
conensis, N.E. of Urci. 
Barene, a town of Media Magna, bet. 

Phraasa and Ecbatana. 
BargXsa, a town of Caria, on Ceramicus 

sin., e. of Ceramus. Founded by Bar- 

gasus, s. of Hercules and Barge. 
Bargulum, a fortress of the Parthini, Illyria. 
Bargus (Birgus) fl., I. a r, of Hibemia s., 

falling into the Atlantic n. of Dabrona fl. 

Barrow. II. of Thrace, falling into the 

Hebrus. 
Bargusi, i. q. Bergusii. 
Bargylia (Andanus), a town of Caria, on 

Jassicus sin., n.e. of Caryanda. Built by 

Bellerophon. The birth-place of Protar- 

chus the Epicurean. Noted for a statue 

of Diana, exempt from moisture. 
Bargyliacus sin., Carise, i. q. Jassicus. 
Bargylus m., a m. of Phoenicia, towards 

Area fl. 
Bariana, a town of Mesopotamia, bet. the 

Tigris and the Saocoras. 



Baris, I. a town of Calabria, i. q. Veretun. 

II. of India, n. of Sagalassus. Isbarteh. 

III. a ridge of Taurus, in Armen. Major, 
e. of Abus m. Varaz. 

Barisbe (Bares), Mysise, i. q. Arisbe. 

Barium, a maritime town of Peucetia, en 
Via Egnatia, bet. Butuntum (11) and 
Turris Julianse (11). A colony from Bc- 
ra ins. A munidpium. Bari. 

Barius fl., a r. of India i. Grangem, the s. 
limit of Limyrica. Peraru. 

Barna, a port of Gedrosia, 70 m. x. of 
Cophas. 

Barnacis, a town of the Celtiberi, Tarra- 
conensis, bet. Parietinum s.w. and Soifi- 
cum N. 

Barnichius fl., i. q. Enipeus, ThessaL 

Baromacus, Britannia, i. q. Csesaromagos, 

Barnus, Macedonia, i. q. Amissa. 

Barra, the early capital of the Orobii, 
Gallia Cisalp., bet. Comum and Bergo- 
mum. Extinct in Pliny's time. Barra 
Vico. 

Barrus m., a m. of the Orobii, at Bam. 
Monte di Barra. 

Barsa ins., an isl. of theCangi, Britannia IL, 
s. of Canganorum prom. Bardsey. 

Barsacum, Sarmatia, i. q. Sarbacum. 

Barsita, i. q. Barsippa. 

Baruss^e ins., isl. of India e. Gangem, 
parallel w. with Bonse Fortunse ins. In- 
habited by Anthropophagi. 

Barygaza, a port of India e. Gangem, on 
Barygazenus sin., 7 m< from the mouth of 
Namadus fl. Baroatsch. 

Barygazenus sin., a bay of Indicus Oceanus, 
at Barygaza. Gulf of Cambay E. 

Barzala (Barsalium), a town of Comma- 
gene, on the Euphrates, 8 geog. m. s.e. 
from Claudias. Bersel. 

Basacotes, i. q. Vasates. 

Basagi (Abissagi), a port of the Omanitse, 
Arabia, s.w. of Corodamum prom. BoMOt. 

Basanak£, a people of India e. Gangem, on 
Doanas and Lanosfl., n. of Chaldtis r^o. 

Basanites m., a m. of Egypt, bet. Syene 
and Berenice. Named from its quanies 
of touch-stone (basanite). Om Kerreieh. 

B as ANTE (Basiana), a town of Pannonia 
Inferior, on Savus fl., R., bet. Mursonia 
and Saldis. 

Basaropeda, a district of Armenia Interior, 
N., above Theodosiopolis. 

Bascatis fl., a r. of Sogdiana, fulling into 
the Jaxartes. Person. 

Bascisi m., m. of Africa, separating Cy- 
renaica and Marmarica from Libya lat. 

BasguEDARIZa (Agiris, Eriza), a fortress of 
Armenia Minor, s.e. of Satala. Built by 
Mithridates. Bakorey, 



BAS 



69 



BAT 



, postea Batanea, a country x. of 
I, extending from Hermon m. to the 
3ilead, s. On the defeat of its king, 

was assigned to the half tribe of 

seh. 

own of the Bogistani, Tarraconensis, 

Sergidnm. 

, I. a town of the Rauraci, Ger- 

I., on the Rhine, above Cambete. 
by Valentinian I. Basle, II. of 
otamia, on the Euphrates, bet. Ma- 
md Allan. III. of the Remi, Bel- 
I., bet. Durocortorum n.w. and 
I Minervse. 

Kj I. a town of Mauritania Caesar., 
[loba and Sitifis. II. sumamed Dia- 
e, of Numidia, bet. Lambeesa and 
Khi. 
B (Basilidse), Sarmatia, i. q. Scythse 

>FOLis, Bithynia, i. q. MytheopoUs. 
)TAM us fl., i. q. Eurotas. 
>UM, a town of the Turtetani, Bse- 
n the Anas, bet. Carmara n.n.e. 
ispalis s.w. El Biso. 
a town of Arcadia, on the Alpheus. 
ed by C3^selus. Kupariasia. 
CNE, a district of Armenia Major, 
s the source of the Araxes. Vag- ' 
avan, 

a town of Arcadia, at the foot of 
is m. From the Temple of Apollo 
ins here, came the friezes in the 
Museum of the battle with the 
ns and the battle of the Centaurs 
kpithse. Le Colonne.\ 
A, a town of the Taulantii, lUyria, 
this fl., s.B. of AcroUssus. 
idlise, i. q. Hassi. 

A, I. a town of the Boii, Pannonia, 
■abo fl., L., bet. Mursella and Sa- 
(18). Sarvar. II. of Pannonia 
r, on Savus fl., 12 m. from Novi- 
I. Near Dobrinu. 
I town of the Sallentini, Japygia, 
allentia. Vaste. 

iMf a people of Sarmatia Europ., on 
is fl., bet. Tyra fl. and Tanais fl. 
(Mentesa Bastia), capital of the 
ni, Tarraconensis, n.e. of Acd. La 
iaf Baza, 

^i, a people of Bsetica and Tarra- 
is, N.E. of the Bastuli. 
INI, the people of Basta in Ja- 

(Baetuli), a mixed population of 
rds and Phoenicians, occupying the 
»f Bsetica, bet. Junonis prom, and 
9 portus. 
people of Serica, s. of the Aspacarse. 



Batana, a district of Osrhoene, Me8opot.r 
s. of Anthemusia. 

Batan^a, generally Bashan; specially, a 
district of Decapolis, s. of Trachonitis. 

Batava Castra, a town of the Runicates, 

' Vindelida, on the Danube, at the mouth 
L. of (Enus fl. Named from the Cohors 
Batava. Passau. 

Batayi, a people of Germania II., on both 
banks of the Rhine, towards its mouth. 

Batayorum ins.,^ I. the insulated country at 
the mouths of the Rhine and Yahalis, oc- 
cupied by the Batavi. II. oppidum, a town 
of the Batavi, Germania II. Batenberg. 

Batavodurum, a town of the Batavi, on 
Mosa fl., 21 m. w. from Arenatium» 
Wykby'Duurstede, 

Bate, I. a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
.£geis. II. (Pagra), a port of the Toreatse, 
Sannat., on the Euxine, 50 m. s.b. from 
Sindicus portus. Zudzuk Kale» 

Bathia, i. q. Pax Augusta. 

Bathinus fl., a r. of Pannonia. 

Bathos, a place in Arcadia, near Alpheus 
fl., 11 m. from Basilis. The locality of 
the mysteries of the Great Goddesses. 

Bathna (Batn8e),.I. (Bithias, CoreaBathse, 
locally Zarug), capital of Batana, Osrhoene, 
bet. Edessa and Hierapolis s.w. Here a 
great fair for Indian and Chinese goods 
was held in . September. Serondjse, II. 
(Baina), a town of Cyrrhestica, bet. Hiera- 
polis N.E. (18) and Bersea w.s.w. (54). 
Basbe, 

Bathura, Phoenida, i. q. Ecbatana. 

Bathtllus fons, a fountain of Megalopolis, 
Arcadia, frdling into the Helisson. 

Bathys fl., I. of Phrygia, i. q. Tymbris. 
II. of Pontus, i. q. Acampsis. III. of 
Sicily, fiilling into Segestanus sin., bet. 
Parthenicum and Segestanum Emporium. 
Jati. IV. portus, the s. port of Aulis, in 
Boeotia. Vathi, V. a port of the Troglo- 
dytes, on the Red Sea, n. of Diosooron 
portus. Arecca, 

Bati, a maritime people of India i. Grangem, 
e., on the s. bank of Chaberis fl. 

Batina, a town of Atropatene, Media, s.x. 
of Sincar. Sulthanie, 

Batiana, a town of the Segetani, Yien- 
nensis, on the Rhone, at the confluence of 
the Druna, bet. Acunum and Umbemmm. 
BancSy opposite Baix, 

Batini (Butones), a tribe of Marcomanni, 
Germ., on Albis fl., towards its source. 

Batinus fl., a r. of Picenum, falling into the 
sea N. of Castrum Novum. Tordino, 

BATNiB. Vide Bathnse. 

Batogabra, a town of Judaea, 16 m. n.e« 
from Ascalon, 



BAT 



70 



BEL 



Batrachos, a port of Marmarica^ bet. Petne 

parvse portus and Palinrns. Batrakaf 

Patriarka. 
Batrii, a people of Arachosia, on Aradiotos 

fL,y towards its junction witii Etyman- 

drusfl. 
BATRASABBA^a town of theOmanitse, Arabia, 

s. of Asaborum prom. Sabee, 
Batti, a tribe of Chatti, Grerm., on Adrana 

a.f R., towards its source. 
Batulum, a town of the Pentrii Sanmium, 

s. of Beneventum. Paduli, 
Batus fl.y a r. of Bruttium, fedling into Si- 

culum m. w. of Halez fl. Bato. 
Baucidias ins., one of Pelopidis ins., Argolis. 
Baudobrica, a town of the Treveri, Ger- 

mania I., bet. Belginum s. and Ad Ded- 

mum w. 
Bauli, prius Boaulia, a town of Campania, 

above Misenum, on Puteolinus sin., where 

Hercules landed with the oxen of Geryon. 

Here were the famous fish-ponds of Hor- 

tensius. The death-place of Agrippina. 
BAUMiE, a town of Osrhoene, on the Eu- 
phrates, above Nicephorium. 
Bauota, i. q. Basta, in Japygia. 
Bautjb, a town of the Allobroges, Yien- 

nensis, bet. Geneva and Ad Casuaria. 

Vieujp Anneci. 
Bautisus fl., a r. of Serica, rising in Casii m., 

and falling into (Echardes fl. Hoang-Ho, 
Bavo ins. Vide Boas. 
Baxala, a town of Mesopotamia, on Sao- 

corus fl., 8. of Nisibis. 
Bazacata ins., one of the Salinn ins., 

Indise, opposite Taoola. Chedube, 
Bazira, a town of India i. Gangem, towaids 

Aomos. 
Bazis, a town of Tyanitis, Cappadocia. 
Bazium prom., a pr. of Dodecaschoenus, on 
■ the Red Sea, s. of Berenice. Ra8 el 

Naschef, 
Beacje, a town of Chaonia, on the confines 

of Illyria. 
Bebase, Mesopot. Vide Bezabde. 
Bbberacus lacus, a lake of Mygdonia, 
* Mesopot., S.E* of the source of Chaborras 

fl. Chatonie. 
Bebtana, a village of Etmria, bet. Lorinm 

(5) and Alsium (6), on Via Aurelia. 
Bebii m., a s.e. continuation of Albanus m., 

separating libumia and Dahnatia firom 

Pannonia. 
Bbbriacum, a more correct reading of Be- 

driacum, q. v. 
BiBBRYCES, I. a tHbe of Bryges, the early 

possessors of the coast of B^ynia. II. a 

colony from Bithynia, settled in Gaul, 
•about Narbo. Departments of PyrMet 

Orientalet and Aude S. 



Bbbrtcia, the early name of Maritimd 

Bithynia. 
Bechires, a people of Pontus, on the coast, 

bet. the Macrones and the Byzeres. 
Becius m., m. of Drangiana, s. 
Bechuni, Rhsetia, i. q. Euganei. 
Beda, a town of the Treveri, Belgica I., bet. 

Ausava n. and Augusta Treverorum s. 
Bedajum (Badacum), a town of the Alauni, 

Noricum, bet. Pons Mai (18) and Arto- 

briga. Seebruck. 
Bedesa (Badesa), a town of the CasteUani, 

Tarraconensis, on Alba fl., L., bdow 

Egosa. 
Bedesis fl., a r. of Grallia Cispadana, flowing 

by Ravenna into the sea. Ronco. 
Bedirum, a town of the Graramantes, Libya, 

near the source of Cinyps fl. 
Bedizus, a town of the Odrysse, Thrace, on 

the Egnatia Via, bet. Apri and Bisanthe. 
BedriXcum (Bebriacum), a village of tiift 

Cenomanni, Grallia Transp., on Ollius fl., 

R., bet Cremona (15) and Mantua, on Via 

Posthumia. Memorable for the defeat of 

Galba by Otho, and of Otho by Yitellius. 

Cividale, 
Bedunia, a town of the Astures, Tana- 
' conensis, on Urbius fl., below Astoiica 
• Augusta. 
Beer, '^well,'' a place bet. Jerusalem and 

Shechem. 
Beer-Elim, a place in Moabitis. 
Beer-Lahai-roi, a spring of Canaan, bet. 

Kadesh and the Desert of Shur, on the 

borders of Edom, where Hagar was visited 

by the angel. 
Beeroth, a town of Benjamin, at the foot of 

Gibeon m., 7 ni. n.e. from Jerusalem. Btr. 
Beerseba (Berosabe, Bersaba, Barsube), 

a town of Judah, and afterwards of 

Simeon, 20 m. 8. from Hebron. Named 

from Abraham's oath at the well. 
Bega, a district of iBthiopia, s. of the Mem- 
nones. 
Bbgorrites lac., a lake of Eordsa, Macs- 

donia, s.e. of Cellse. Kitrini, 
Bela, the early name of Zoar. 
Belaci, I. a people of Alpes Maritimse, w. 

of the Segusini. Valle de Bardonaehe* 

II. postea Belac, Beulas, Bedularium, 

Beolarium, their capital. Beaulard. 
Bblbina ins., an isl. of Attica, s.w. d 

Sunium prom. San Giorgio d Arhora, 
Belca, a town of the Camutes, Lugdun^- 

sis IV., on the Liger, R., bet. Gergovia 

and Brivodurum. 
Belcianas, a town of Elegosine, Aimen. 

s.w. of Arsamosata. 
Beldeas, a town of Mesopotamia, on the 

Tigris, abo^e Labbana. 



BEL 



71 



BEN 



Bblemixa (Bellma, Blemmina), a town of 
Laocmia, in its n.w. angle, 12]^ m. from 
Fellane. Bourainos. 

Bbleni>i, I. a people of Norem Popnlana, 
on the coast, w. of the Vasates. II. their 
capitaL Belm, 

Belerid^ ins. (Balarides), three islets of 
Sardinia, e. above Ficariae ins. Sanguis 
narie. 

Belerium prom., Antivestseum (Belir, CeU 
tic^j "western rock"), Bolerium, the w. 
extremity of Britannia I., opposite Cassi- 
terides ins. Cape Cornwall. 

Bbi^si (Biblada),atown of Tingene, Mesop., 
on the Euphrates, bet. Giddara and Eu- 
phrates ins. 

Bbloa Uvella (Theodorodurum), vide Ad 
Aquas. 

Bejlgjb, I. a mixed population of Celts and 
Germans settled in Belgica I. and II. 
II. Colonists from Gaul settled in 
Britannia I., bet. the Damnonii w., the 
Regni e., the Dobuni and Atrebatii n., 
and the Durotriges and Regni s. So^ 
merset N. and part of Wilts and 
Hants. 

Belgica I., a division of Gaul, n.e., com- 
prehending the Treveri, the'Mediomatrici, 
and the Leuci. Duchy of TVeves, part qjf 
Jjuxembourg, Departments of the MettsCf 
Moselle^ Meurthe, and Vosges. 

Belgica II., a division of Gaul, n.w., com- 
prehending the Morini, Nervii Bellovad, 
&c. Departments of Ardennes, Seine et 
Oise, Pas de Calais, Sfc, 

Belgica, a town of the Ubii, Germania II., 
N.E. of Marcomagns. 

Bblginum, a town of the Treveri, .Ger- 
mania I., bet. Bandobrica w. and Dum- 
nissus E. 

Bblija, a town of the Caristii, Tarraconens., 
s. of Flaviobriga'. A colonia. Belchite. 

BiLGiTiE, a people of Pannonia, on the 
Savus. 

Belias fl. (Belicha, Balissus), a r. of Meso- 
potamia, rising in Masius ip., near Da- 
bana, and falling into the Euphrates to- 
wards Callinicum. 

Bblgokitia, a town of the Brigantes, Brit., 
s.E. of Derventio. Near Millington. 

Belisama sestuar., an sestuary of Britain, 
. bet. Seteja sestuary andSetanti<»*um portus. 
Mouth of the Babble, 

Belion fl., Gallaec., i. q. limia. 

Bellbne, a village of Mauritania Csesar., 
bet. Castra Nova and Mina, under Anoo- 
rarins m. s. 

Belli, an early people of Tarraconensis, 
about S^obriga. 

BiLLiNTUMy a town of the Desuviates, Vien- 



nensis, on the Rhone, above Taiasoo. 
Barbentane. 

Belloc ASSES, Gallia, i. q. Yellocasses. 

Belminatis, i. q. Belemina. 

BellovXci, a people of Belgica II., bet. the 
Ambradi, Veromandui, and Suessiones n., 
the Yeliocasses, Parisii, and Melli s., the 
Caleti and Yeliocasses w., and the Sues- 
siones E. Departments of Oise et 
Somme. 

Belocome, a fortress of Bithynia, bet. Nicaea 
and Cius. 

Belgium, a town of the Cami, Yenetia, n. 
of Aquileia (30).' 

Belunum (Berunum), a town of Rhsetia, on 
Plavis a.f above Quercus, n.e. of Feltria. 
Belluno. 

Belsinum, a town of the Tomates, Novem 
Populana, bet. Augusta Ausdorum n. and 
Lugdunum s. 

Belus fl. (Beleus), a r. of Judsea, rising 
from Cendevia lac., and falling into the 
Mediterranean at Acco. Its sand was of 
a peculiar fine quality. Nahr Halou, 

Bembina, a town of Argolis, on Nemea il., 
N.w. of Nemea. Agios Giorgios. 

Bemmara, a town of Mesopotamia, bet. 
Zeugma (20) and Edessa (25). 

BenIcus lac., a lake of Gall. Transpad.^ 
bet. Sebinus lac. and Atagis fi. Catullus 
calls it Lydise undse lac., in reference pro- 
bably to the contiguous (Lydian) Yeneti. 
Logo di Garda. 

Benadedari, a town of the Psylli, Africa 
Prop., on Syrtis Maj., bet. Tagulis and 
Arse Philienorum. 

Benavasa, a town of Ariaca, India, n. of 
Murzupale. 

Bene, a town of Crete, near Gortys. The 
birtii-place of the poet Rhianus. 

Beneharni, a tribe of Osquidates, Novem 
Populana. In Beam. 

Beneharnum, capital of the Beneharni, 
Novem Populana, bet. Aquae Tarbellicae 
N.W., and Uuro s.s.e. Castelnon, bet. 
Maslacq and Lagor. 

Benemarium (Nemrim), a village of Moab- 
itis, N. of Zoar. 

Beneventum, I. a town of the Catavellauni, 
Brit., bet. Tripontum and Lactodurum. 
II. of the Cenomanni, €rall. Transp., at 
the s.w. extrem. of Benacus lac., bet. Ad 
Flexum (10) and Ardelica. III. prius 
Maleventum, a town of the Hirpini, in 
Samnium, on Yia Appia, bet. Caudium 
(11) and Eclanum (16). Traditionally 
built by Diomed. The change of name, 
as of better augury, took place when the 
town became a colonia, 271 b.c. Here 
Pyrrhus was defeated by Curlua^ ^»<i*^^<» 



BEN 



72 



BER 



and in the Tidnity was the triumphal 
arch of Trajan, erected 114. The birth, 
place of the grammarian Arbelius. BenC" 
vento, 

Benda fl. Vide Renda. 

Ben Hinnom (Gehinnon), a valley of 
Judeea, e. of Jerusalem. The locality of 
Tophet. 

Benjamin, a tribe of Juda, bounded by 
Ephraim at Hazor, and Lus, s. by Juda 
at Ephrata, w. by Dan, near Bethiioron, 
E. by the Jordan. 

BsNLAUNi, a people of Rhsetia, on ^nus fl., 
L., below Veldidena. 

BsNNAVENNA. Vide Bannavanta. 

Benni, a tribe of Odrysse, on Hebrus il. 

Befyrus m., m. of India e. Grangem, to- 
wards the sources of the Ganges. 

Bee (Bera), a town of Juda, 8 m. n. from 
Betiiogabris. 

Berabonna, a port of Argentea regio, 
Indise, on Gangeticus sin., s. of Sada. 
Barabon, 

Bekanda, a town of Amordoda, Babylonia, 
s. of Orrhoe. 

Bercorates, I. a tribe of Boates, Novem 
Fopulana, about Losa. II. their capital, 
postea Barcou. Jouanon, 

Bercstesius m., m. of Macedonia, at the 
N.w. extremity of Canalovii m. 

Berderis, a town of the Ambastse, Ind., e. 
of Bacari. 

Berdrigei, a people of Bactria, towards the 
Oxus. 

Bere, a town of the Soree, Ind., e. of Sora. 

Berebis, a town of the Hercuniatee, Pan- 
non., on Dravus fl., R., bet. Jovallium 
and Seronis. 

Bbrecynthus m., I. Dict3rnn8eus, the w. 
continuation of Ida m. in Crete, in whose 
recesses the Idsei Dactyli first applied fire 
in the preparation of metals. II. a m. of 
Fhrygia Magna, on Mseander fl., s.w. of 
Apamea Cibotus. Sacred to Cybele, hence 
cidled Berecynthia. Named from the Be- 
recynthii, a tribe of Bryges settled here 
prior to the Trojan war. 

Bereora, a town of Prsetutia, Picenum, s. 
of Interamna. A colonia. 

Berenice, I. (Dire, Epidiris, Isidis 
portus), ^thiopice, i. q. Arsinoe. II. of 
Cilida Trachea, e. of Celenderis. III. 
(Esiongebar), of the Nabathsei, Arabia 
Petrsea, at the head of iBlanites sin. 
IV. (Hesperis), a city of Pentapolis, 
Cyrenaica, on Pseudopenias prom., near 
the mouth of Lathon, or Eccius fl. 
Here were the ''gardens of the Hes- 
perides,'* of which vestiges still remain. 
Bemies Benegaye^ Y. (Panchrysos), of 



Thebais, on the Red Sea, n.e. of Coptoe, 
over against Leuce Come, s.w. Sakayt 
el Kublee, 
Berenicid^, a tribe of Attica, of the tribe 

Ptolemais. 
Berethis, a town of Meroe, on the Nile, 

R., bet. Boon and Gerbo. 
Beretis, Pannonia, i. q. Verea. 
Bereum, a town of Moesia, on the Danube, 

bet. Troesmis and Cium. 
Berezii, a village of Gstulia, bet. Veri and 

Ausilindum. 
Berga, a town of the Siropseones, Thrace, 
on Strymon fl., below Euporia. The birth- 
place of Antiphanes, the comic writer. 
Begkevi, 
Bergia, a port of Syrtica, s. of Leptas 

Magna. 
Bergidium (sumamed Flavium), a town of 
the Astures, Tarraconensis, e.s.e. of Lucas 
Augusti. A colonia. La Vega, 
Bergidum (Vergium), capital of the Ber- 
gistani, Tarraconensis, s.e. of Bergusia. 
Vierzo, 
Bergine, capital of the Nearchi, Gallia, at 

the mouth of the Rhone. 
Bergintrum, a town of the Centrones, 
Alpes Penninse, on Isara fl., R., above 
Axima. Belantre. 
Bergistani (Vergistani), a people of Tarra- 
conensis, in the Pyrenees, n.w. of the 
Ausetani. 
Bergium, a town of the Hermanduri, Ger- 
mania, on Moenus fl., above Divoiuu 
Bamberg. 
Bergomum (** mountain home "), capital of 
the Orobii, Gallia Transpad., bet. Pons 
Aureoli (13) and Tollegata (12), on Via 
I JSmilia. A municipium. Bergamo, 
Bergusia, I. capital of the Bergusii, Tarra- 
conensis, in the Pyrenees, on Sicoris fl., 
above Ilerda. Barege,' II. a town of the 
Allobroges, Yiennensis, bet. Augustum 
E. and Ad Decern w. Balaguer, 
Bergusii (Bargusii), a tribe of Ilergetes, 

Tarraconensis, on Sicoris fl. 
Beribraces, a people of Tarraconensis, on 

the coast, n. of Caprasia prom. 
Beris fl., a r. of Pontus, fedling into the 

Euxine 11 m. s.b. from Themiscyra. 
Bbrissa, a town of Pontus, bet. Phiara (12) 

and Gaziora. 
Beritini, a tribe of Salyes, Narbonensis, on 
Yams fl., towards its source. Valines de 
St, Pierre and de Pene. 
Bermius m., m. of Emathia, Macedonia, a 
N.w. continuation beyond the Haliacmon 
of Olympus. Within its valleys were the 
celebrated rose-gardens of Minos. Zero 
Livado. 



BER 



73 



BET 



Bernus (Bamus), a town of the Penest«, 
Blyria, under Bernus m., on Via Egnatia, 
near Lychnidus. 

Bernus m. (Bora), the s. continuation of 
Scardus m., separating s.e. Illyria from 
Almopeia, Pelagonia, and Lyncus. 

Berobb, a town of the Doani, India e. Gan- 
. gem, near the mouth, R., of Doanus fl. 
Syriam. 

Beroea (Berrhaea), I. prius Chalybon, a 
town of Chalybonitis, Syria, on Chalus fl., 
s.w. of Alexandria (90). Named Berhsea 
by the Macedonians. Aleppo; Chaleb; 
Haleb. II. a town of the B^isi, Thrace, on 
Harpessus fl., s.w. of Carasura. Named 
Irenopolis in honour of Irene. Eaki-Zadra, 
III. a town at the foot of Bermius m., 30 
m. s.w. from Pella. Kara Veria, 

Beronbs, a tribe of Celtiberi in Tarra- 
conensis, bet. the Iberus n., Idubeda 
m. s., the Autrigones w., and the Ede- 
tani s. 

Berotha, a town of Napthali, Galilee Sup., 
near Kedesa. 

Berrai.18, a town of Grauzonitis, Mesopot., 
w. ofThallaba. 

Bersabx. Vide Beerseba. 

Bersima, a town of Osrhoene, on the Eu- 
phrates, below Barbalissus. 

Bersovia, I. a r. of Dada, below Ber- 
^sovia. Karassa, II. (Berzobis), a town 
of the Biephi, Dae., on Bersovia fl., 12 m. 
N.N.w. from Centum Putea. Near Ka- 
raschowa. 

Bbrsula fl., a r. of the Ananes, Liguria, 
figdling into Padus fl., e. of Ad Padum. 

Berta, a town of Bisaltia, Macedonia, on 
the Bisaltes fl., below Ossa. 

Bertischus m., a n.w. continuation of 
Scardus m., separating Illyria from w. 
Moesia. JDjamotu Dagh. 

Bbrtula ins., an isl. of Sardinia, n.w. of 
Tharros. Ck>seia di Donna ; Malventre. 

Ber'^tus (Berothai), a maritime dty of 
Phoenicia, 42 m. s.w. from Tripolis. 
Built by Saturn. A colonia (Felix Julia). 
Beirut, 

Berzeo, a town of Mauritania Caesar., bet. 
Modolana and Pons Camerata. 

Berziminum, a town of the Labeates, Illy- 
xia, on Barbana fl., bet. Alata and Cinna. 
Podgoritza. 

Besa, I. a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Antiochis. Near Sunium, II. the early 
name of Antinoe in Heptanomis, fr^m an 
Egyptian god. 

Bbsbicus ins., an isl. of Mysia, in Propon- 
tis, orer against the moutii of Rhyndacus 
fl., N. SeVeired from the continent by an 
ewthquake. Kahlimni* 



Besidijb, a town of Bruttium, on Crathis 

il., R. Biaignano, 
Besor fl., a r. of Judsea, falling into the 

Mediterranean 5 m. below Gaza. 
Bess A, a town of Locri Epicnemidii, ex- 
tinct in Strabo's time. 
Bessapara, a town of the Odrysse, Thrace, 

on Hebrus fl., above PhiUppopolis. Ba^ 

zardjick. 
Bessechana, a town of Aniobaritis, Mes., 

on the Euphrates, bet. Ozogarda and Na- 

harra. 
Bessi, a tribe of Satrse, Thrace, bet. Rho- 

dope and Hsemus m., extending to Nes- 

tus fl. 
Bestia Desoluta (Parabeste, Abeste), a 

town of Arachosia, at the junction of 

Arachotus fl. with Etymandrus fl. 
Besynga (Babysenga), I. a r. of India e. 

Gangem, falling into Gangeticus sin. below 

Bessynga. Setang. II. a town of Argentea 

regie, India i. Gangem, on Besynga fl., 

towards its mouth. Pegu. 
Besuchis, a fortress of Babylonia, bet. 

Ctesiphon and Maogamalcha. 
Betasii, I. a people of Germania II., con- 
tiguous to the Sunici. II. their capital. 

Beetz or BieZt «*«'* Brussels. 
Bethabara, a village of Benjamin, Judsea, 

at a ford of the Jordan, 30 m. n.e. of 

Jerusalem, where the Israelites passed 

dry-shod. Here John baptized. 
Bethagla, a town of Benjamin, Judaea, on 

the Jordan, bet. Jericho, n.w., and Beth- 

Jesimoth. 
Bethammaria (Bethammali, Barsampse), » 

town of S3rria, on the Euphrates, below 

Caedliana (14). 
Bethany, a town of Judaea, under the 

Mount of Olives, 2 m. e. from Jerusalem. 

The locality of the miracle of Lazarus, and 

of the Ascension. 
Bethar (Betari, Either), a village of 

Ephraim, Judaea, 18 m. s. from Caesarea. 
Beth ARAM ATHON, i. q. Amatha, Peraea. 
Betharanphtha (Bethharan), a town of 

Peraea, on the Jordan, 12 m. s.e. from 

Jericho, and re-named Livias in honour 

of Julia Livia. 
Bethavbn, a town of Benjamin, in Judaea, 

e. of Bethel. 
Bethauna, Mesopotamia, i. q. Anatho. 
Beth Cherim,* Indaea, i. q. Herodium. 
Beth Dagon, a town of Judaea, s.e. of 

Joppa. 
Beth Diblathaim, a town of Moabitis. 
Betheden Vallis, i. q. Bikah. 
Bethel, prius Luz, a town of Judaea, 12 m. 

N. from Jerusalem. Named Bethel by 

Jacob, in relation to his vision, fiei<«iu« 



BET 



74 



BID 



Bbth Gamul, a town of Batanaea, bet. 
Boztra n.e. and Thantia s.w. 

Bbthhaccerem m., a hill near Bethlehem, 
s.E. Jebel el Fareidis, 

Bbthharan. Vide Betharanphtha. 

Bethia (Bycta), a town of Media-Sigriaaes, 
bet. Seva and Rage. 

Beth-Jesimoth, i. q. Bethsimoth. 

Bethlehem (Bethlemoon, Ephratah), a 
village of Judah, 6 m. 8. from Jerusalem. 
The birth-place of our Saviour, and of 
David; the burial-place of Jesse. Beit- 
lahm. 

Bkthlefhthene, a topardiy of Judaea, s. 
of Emaus. 

Bethmajlcabath, a town of Simeon. 

Bbtbogabris, Judaea, i. q. Eleutheropolis. 

Beth-Sitta, a town of Galilee, on the con- 
fines of Samaria, e.n.e. of Jezreel. 

Bethurai, a suburb of Tiberias, Galilee. 

Beth-Zacharias, a town of Juda, s.w. of 
Thekoa. 

Bethoron Inf., a village of Judaea, s. of 
Bethoron Sup. 

Bethoron (Betaron Sup.), a village of 
Judaea, 12 m. n.w. of Jerusalem. Rebuilt 
by Solomon. Beitur el Foka. 

Bethphage, a village near Bethany, under 
the Mount of Olives. Abu ZHs. 

Bbthsaida, I. a town of Gralilee, on the 
Jordan, above Bethsaida-Julias. The 
birth-place of Andrew, Peter, and PhiUp. 
II. of Graulonitis, on the Jordan, near its 
influx into Tiberias lac. Afterwards named 
Julias by Herod. 

Bethsan, a city of Decapolis, on the Jor- 
dan, 15 m. s. from Tiberias. Named 
Scythopolis, from some Scythian emi- 
grants, who settled here b.c. 631. Bei- 
tan, 

Bethshemes, I. the Scriptural name of 
Heliopolis, Egypt. II. (Irshemesh), a 
Levitical town of Judah, bet. Methogabris 
(10) and Emmaus, 30 m. s.w. from Jeru- 
salem. III. a town of NaphthaU. 

Bethsimoth (Bethgeshimoth, Bethsi-nuth), 
a town of Moabitis, near the Dead Sea, 
10 m. E. from Jericho. 

Bethsoloce. Vide Carcha. 

Bethzar (Bethsura, Bethsoron), a town of 
Judah, Judaea, 20 m. s. from Jerusalem. 
Bethaar, 

Bethulia, a town of Galihea, near Do- 
thaim. 

Betonim (Bothnim), a town of Gad, in 
Gileaditis, bet. Abel Sittim s.w., and 
Ramoth Gilead n.e. 

Bettigi, a people of India i. Gangem, un- 
der Bettigus m., s. 

Burnous m*» xtL of India L Gangem, on 



the w. coast, tenninating vl Comaria 
{urom. 
Betullo fl., a river of Tarraconensis, fiiUing 
into the Mediterranean, s. of Jovis prom. 
Ter, 
Betuma (Betousa), a town of Acabene, Me- 

sopot. on the Tigris, above Idbaiut. 
Bbudos (Budea), a town of Phrygia Magna, 

N.p. of Synnada (5). Beiad, 
Beta, a town of Lyncus, Macedonia, on 

Bevus fl., opposite Nida. Filorino. 
Bevus fl., a r. of Lyncus, MacecV>nia, rising 
in Bernus m., and fiedling into Erigonus fl. 
below Heraclea. 
Bezek, a town of Judah, bet. Sichem (17) 

and Bethshan. 
Bezetha, a suburb of Jerusalem, s. 
Bezobde (Beth-Zabda, Zabda, Gosarta, 
Zebedara, Sappha), a town of Gordyene^ 
Armen., on the Tigris, n.b. of Nizibis. 
Djesirat ibn omar ; Gozart, 
Bezor (Bosor, Bosora), a city of Reuben, in 

Ammonitis, e. of Kujathaim. 
Biabanna, a town of Grorda, Arabia, w. of 

Mariaba. Bubban. 
Bias fl., a r. of Messenia, fi&lling into Mes- 

seniacus sin., n. of Corone. 
BiASARi, i. q. Abisare. 
BiBACLA ins. (Bibaga), an isl. of Gedzosia^ 

bet. Portus Mulierum and Crocela ins. 
BiBACUM, a town of the Narisci, Grermania^ 

V. of Reginum. 
BiB^, a town of Zeugitana, bet. OneUana 

and Mediocera, n.w. of Hadrumetum. 
BiBALiB, a tribe of Bracarae, Tarracononsis. 
BiBASis fl., i. q. H3^asis, India. 
Bibe, a town of the Suessiones, Belgica 11.^ 
bet. Augusta Suessionum w. aiid Ad 
Fines e. 
BiBiANA, a town of Etruria, 6 m. n« from 

Alsium. 
BiBiUM, a town of the Caritni, Germania^ 
on the Rhine, bet Saletio and Argentora- 
tum. 
BiBLis fons, a sacred fountain of Caria, near 

Miletus. 
Bibracte, I. the early name of Augastodn* 
num. So called from the goddess Bi- 
bracte. II. capital of the Bibroci, Bri- 
tannia. Bray. 
BiBRAx, a town of the Remi, Belgica II., 
bet. Augusta Suessionum w. aiKl Axu- 
enna e. Bievre. 
BiBROCi, a tribe of the Atrebatii, Britan. 
BiCARDiuM, a town of the TeuriochaemSy 

Germ., s. of Argeira. Erfurt, 
Bid A (Bidil), a town of Mauritania Cteattr^ 
bet. Tigisis and Tubusuptus (40). Blida. 
BiDACUM (Bidarum), i. q. Badacum. 
Binis (Beidis, Beido3), a town of 8kily> 



BID 



76 



BIT 



near the source of Anapos fl., 15 m. s.w. 

from Syracuse. Ch. of San GiovamU di 

Bidini. 
BiDucxsii, I. a maritime pec^le of Lugdu- 

nensis III., bet. Tetus fl. and the Curioso- 

lites. II. tiieir capital, poatea Bidue. 8t, 

Brieux. 
BiECRUM Ost., tiie issue of Halmyris lac. 

into the Euzine, n. of Istros. 
BiENNA (Bienno^, a town on the s.e. coast 

of Crete, s. of Erythrseum prom. Named 

after th^ hero Biennos. Agioi Saranta. 
BiBNON, a town on the w. coast of Crete^ 

bet. Inachorium and Lissus. 
BnsPHi, a people of Dada, on the Tibiscnsy 

n; of the Albocenses. 
BiEssi, a people of Sarmatia, in Carpa- 

thus m. 
BiFBACTUS m., a m. of the .£dui, w. of 

Augustodunum, and by some geographers 

considered the early site of Bibracte. ML 

Beuvrau 
BiGERBi, ca4>. of the Bigerrones, Novem 

Populana, n.e. of Iluro. 
BiGERRA, a town of the Bastitani, Tana- 

conens., e. of Laminium. Bogarra, 
BiGERRONES, a people of Novem Popu- 

lana, bet. tiie Tarbelli and the ConvoisB. 

Bigorre, 
BiGis (Bis), a town of Drangiana-Ajiabon, 

SJ5. of Pharazana. 
BiKAH vallis (Bucca, Beth-eden), a valley of 

Coele-Sjrria, bet. libanus and Anti-Liba- 

nus. Bokah. 
BiLBANA (Bilana, Bilsena), Arabise, i. q. 

. Pailon« 
BiLBiLis, I. a r. of Tarraconensis, fidling 
. into Sak) fl. below Forum Cigurrorum. 
. Bibey. II. a town of the Celtiberi, Tar- 

nconensis, on j^bilis fl., at its junction 

with the Salo, 8] m. w. from Caesar Au- 

g:usta. A colonia (Augusta). The birth- 
place of MartiaL Baubola, 
BnxANDRUM, « town of the Taurisd, Nori- 

cum, 14 m. s.e. from Tamasix. Grades. 
BiLmo, a town of the Mesiates, Gallia 

Trane^iadana, on Ticinus fl. BelUnzona, 
Bii.ni A, Arabis, L q. Bliulsei. 
BiLLJEUs fl., a r. of Asia Minor, rising in 

Olympus m., near Cratia, Paphlagonia, 

and fidliag into the Euxine at Tium. The 

early limit of Bithynia and Paphlagonia. 
BiNAGARA, a town of Pdlinda, India, n.w. 

of Barygaza, Beckur, 
Bind A, L one of the three mouths of Nana- 

' ^mw fl., Ind. II. a town of iEthiopu. 
BiNGiUM, a town of the Yangiones, Ger- 
mania I., at the confluence of the Rhine 
and Nava fl., bet. Vosalia and Mognntia- 
(1^. Built by Drnsuu Bingem. \ 



BiORA (Biotha), Sardinia, L q. Bitia. 

BiRGUS fl., i. q. Bargus. 

BiRiciANA, a town of Rhsetia, 7 m. s.w* 
from Leiniacum. 

BiRTHA (Byrthum), I. a town of Acabene^ 
Mesopotamia, on the Tigris, s. of Bithiga* 
II. of Palmyrene, on the Euphrates, bet* 
Circesium and Zenobia. III. i. q. Seleuda 
(Apamea) Mesopotamia. 

Bis, a town of Parapomisus, on Etymandrus 
fl. Bost, 

Bis A fl., a stream of Pisatis (Bisatis), Elis^ 
falling into the Alpheus, R., near Cyce- 
sium. It probably gave name to the dis- 
trict. 

BiSALTiB, a people of Macedonia, bet. Bolbe 
lac. and the Strymon. The hares of their 
country were fabled to have two livers. 

BiSALTES fl., a r. of Bisaltia, Macedonia^ 
fisdling into Cercinitis palus. 

BiSANTHE (postea Rhedestus), a town of 
the Odrysse, Thrace, on th^ Propontis^ 
bet. Bedizus and Hersum. A Samian 
colony. Rodosti, 

BiscAROis, a town of the Uercaones, Tarra- 
coneneis, on the Iberus, below Octogesa. 
A colonia. Berrus. 

BiSTCA-LucANA, a town of Zeugitana, bet* 
Choreva and Avitta. 

BiSTONES, a maritime people of Thrace, bet*, 
the Sapsei and the Cicones. The name is 
sometimes applied to the whole of Thrace* 

Bist5nis lac, a salt lake of the Bistones, at 
the mouths of Compsatus and Travus H^ 
K.E. of Abd^n. Bourikhane. 

BiTAXA, a town of Aria, on the border of 
Margiana, n. of Alexandria Arion. Bad^ 
kis. 

BiTHiAS, Mesop., i. q. Batnie. 

BiTHiGA (Virta), a town of Mygdonia, Mes.^ 
3 geog. m. N. from Nisibis. 

BiTHRA, a town of Babylonia, on the Eu-- 
phrates, L., s. of Neapolis. 

Bithynia, a country of Asia Minor, bounded 
N. by the Euxine, s. and 8.E. by Phrygia, w*. 
byThracius Bosporus, Propontis, and Mysia^ 
E. by Paphlagonia, at Parthenius fl., and,, 
according to some geographers, at Sanga- 
riusfl. Peopled from Thrace. Kodtwend^ 
khiar and Kodjaili. 

BiTHTNiuM {postea Claudiopolis), the early 
capital of Bithynia under Lyperus m., s* 
of Tium. Built by king Zipoetes. Named 
Claudiopolis under Tiberius. The birth<» 
place of Antinous, the favourite of Ha» 
drian. Under Theodoshis, the metropolis 
of the province Honorias. Destroyed by 
an earthquake. BoH (t. e. Polia). 

BiTiA, I. (Batia), a town of Cassopeia, in 
Epinis,VJB.ofElatia. QaUxi. \L.($ksa^ 



BIT 



76 



BOD 



Bioth&), a maritime town of Sardinia, s., 
bet. Herculis portus and Teg;ula. Sant* 
Isidoro di Teuliida, 

BiTURGiA (Bituriza), a town of Etmria, on 
Amus flv ^* Ad Joglandem and Ad 
Fines Csesarianas. Monte Vachi. 

BrruRiGEs Cubi, I. a people of Aquitania I., 
bet. the Camutes n., Ilie Lemovices and 
Aryemi s., theTurones and Agesinatesw., 
and the Mdvi e. Departments of ViennCf 
Indre, and Cher. II. their capital, i. q. 
Avaricum. 

BiTURiOES Vivisci (Josd, Ubisci), a Celtic 
people of Aquitania II., on the Ganunna, 
about Burdigala. Department of Gironde, 

BiTYLA, Laconise, i. q. CEtjlus. 

BiuM, a town of Taurica Chersonesus, n. 
of Portacra. 

BizoNE, a town of the Crobyzi, Moesia, on 
the Euxine, bet. Cruni (10) and Tetrisia. 
Destroyed by an earthquake. 

BiZYA, a town of Astica, Thrace, n.w. of 
Salmydessus. The citadel of king Tereus. 
Bizya. 

Blaene, a district of Central Paphlagonia. 

Blanda, I. a town of Lucania, on Via 
Aquilia, s. of Sddrns. Maratea. II. of 
• the Leeetuii, Tarraoonensis, at the mouth 
of Lamum fl. Blanes. 

Blandenona, a town of Liguria, 10 m. s. 
from Ticinum. Broni. 

Blandiana, a town of the Burideenses, 
Dae., bet. Gemichera (9^ and Apulum, on 
Marians fl., L. East ojMuhlenbach. 

Blandusijb fons., a fountain of Sabinium, 
near Mandela. 

Blannovices (BlannoTii, Brannovices), a 
people of Lugdunensis I., on the s. con- 
fines of the JSdui. Brionnais, 

Blanona, a town of Illyria, on the borders 
of Dalmatia. Zara. 

Blartacum, a town of the Taxandri, Grer- 
mania II., on the Mosa, L., bet. Cevelum 
and Menapiorum castrum. 

Blascon ins., an isL of the Volcse Areoo- 
mid, Narbonensis, off Agatha, now joined 
to the mainland by a mole. Brescon, 

Blastophcenicbs, a tribe of Phoenicians or 
Arabs, settled on the s.w. coast of Bie- 
tica. 

Blatum-Buloium, a town of the Selgovse, 
Britan., E. of Carbantorigum. Middleby, 

Blauoon, Phrygis, i. q. Blaundus. 

Blaundus, I. a town of Lydia, on Hippu- 
rius fl., near Ancyra. A Macedonian set- 
tlement. II. of Pontus, bet Sebastia (24) 
and Euspeena (28^. 

Blayia, a port of theVeneti, Lugdunen- 
ds III., N.w. of Dortoritum. Port Louis, 

Blayivm, a town of the Santones, Aqui- 



tania II., on the Garumna, R., at the 
confluence of the Duronius. Blaye. 

BLEMMY2B, a people of Ethiopia, s. of tiie 
Adiabarse, bet the Troglodytse and the 
Nile. They were reputed to be destitute 
of heads, and to have their faces in ihssr 
breasts. 

Blendium, a port of the Caristi, Tarn* 
conensis, e. of Vereasueca. Santander. 

Blera, I. a town of Etruria, on Via Clau- 
dia, bet. Forum Claudii (16) and Tnscana 
(9). Bieda, II. of Messapiiw on Via 
Appia, bet. Silvium (16) and Sub Lnpatia 
(14). Gravina. 

Blestium, a town of the Silures, Brit 11., 
N.E. from Burrium. Monmouth. 

Bletisa, a town of the Vettones, Ludtania, 
bet. Ocelum n.w., and Salmantica s.e. 

BLiULiEi (Biluise), a people of Arabia Fdiz, 
in the mountains n.w. of Basag. The de- 
scendants of AdbeeL Tribe o/Beni BoO" 
Allee. 

Bloucium (Castellum Lucdum), a town of 
the Tolistoboii, Galatia, near Pessinus. 
The reddence of king Deiotarus. 

Blubion, a town of the Tectosages, Ga- 
latia. 

BoACTEA (Boaclea), a town of the Apuani, 
Liguria, at the junction of Boactes fl. witii 
Macra fl., above Luna. Vezzano. 

BoACTES fl. (Boacea), a r. of Liguria, falling 
into Macra fl. at Boactea. Vara. 

BoAORius fl. (Manes), a r. of the Locri 
Epicnemedii, falling into Maliacus sin. at 
Scarphe. 

BoARiA ins. (Boaris), an isl. of Sardinia, s. 
Toro. 

Boas, I. the name of Apsarus fl., in Pontus, 
towards the upper portion of its course. 
II. ins. (Bavo), one of the Libumides ins., 
off Tragurium. A place of banishment 
for Roman criminab. Bua. 

Bocanum Hemerum, a town of Mauritania 
Tingit., towards the Mediterranean. Jfo- 
rocco. 

BocARUS fl., I. a r. of Cyprus, rising in 
Acamas m., and falling into the sea below 
Falce Paphos. II. of Salamis, falling into 
the sea oppodte iBgina. 

BoccHORUM, a town of Balearis Mag. In 
ruins in Pliny's time. 

BoccHYRis, a town of Marmarica, near 
Paliurus fl., x., towards its mouth. 

Bodencomagus (^' on Bodencus"), the 
Ligurian name of Industria, Liguria. 

Bodencus (CW^tce, '*deep''), the Ligurian 
name of Padus fl. 

BoDENi , i. q. Budini. 

BoDERiA sestuar., i. q. Bodotria. 

BoDETiA, a maritime town of the Apuaniy 



BOD 



77 



BON 



Ldj^uria, bet. Ad Monilia and Portns Ve- 
neris. 

BoDioNTici, a tribe of Albioed, Alpes •Ma- 
ritime, 8. of the Avantid. IHoceae de 
Digne, 

BoDOTRiA sestoar. (Boderia), an sestiiary of 
Britain, bet. Tina fl. and Alaunus fl. 
Fnih if Forth. 

BoDUNi, Britannia, i. q. Dobuni. 

B<EiB, a town of Laoonia, on Boeaticus sin. 
N. of Malea prom. Vathiki, 

BcEATicus sin., a golf of the iBgean, in 
Laconia, bet. Onugnathus penins. and 
Malea prom. O. di Vathiki, 

BcBBE, a town of Pelasgiotis, Thessaly, on 
the s.w. shore of Boebeis lac., n.w. of 
Pherae. Hadgine. 

BcBBEis lac. (Boebias), a lake of Pelasgiotis, 
Thessaly, on the confines of Magnesia, 
S.B. of Larissa. L, Carlos. 

Box CoLEN m., m. of Cyrenaica, a w. cont. 
of Basdsi m. 

B<EONOA, Elid, i. q. Ephyre. 

BcEon C'hasbandmen^'), a tribe of Pelasgi, 
who from Thessaly superseded the Leleges 
in Boeotia. 

BcBOTi A (" land of husbandmen''), a country 
of Gneda e. Peloponnesum, bounded n. 
by Maliacus sin., s. by Corinthiacus sin., 
M^aris, and Attica, w. by Phocis, e. by 
Euripus. Settled by Aones, and other 
Lel^ian tribes ; then (1493 b.c.) by Phoe- 
nicians, under Cadmus, from Euboea, and 
finally (1124 B.C.) by Boeotians from 
Thessaly. Part of Lvoadia. 

BosRUS, a town of Paraxia, Macedonia, on 
the Azius fl., n.w. of Carabia. 

BoEUM, a town of Taurica Chersonesus, bet. 
Theodosia and Parosta. 

BoGADiuM, a town of the Bructeri Mag., 
N.E. of Asdburgium, 6 m. w. from Ami- 
sus fl. Munster. 

Bog ARDi, a tribe of Agrsei, Arab., on Persi- 
cns sin., about Cadara. 

Boil, I. a people of Lugdunensis IV., s. of 
the Senones, on the Liger, a migration of 
whom settled in Gallia Cispadana s., about 
Bononia, to which they gave name ; whence 
Hiey were removed by the senate to Ger- 
mania Magna, bet. Vindilici m. and the 
Danube (called after them Boiohemum, 
«*home of the Boii," Bohemiti). The 
Marcomanni drove them from these set- 
tlements into Noricum and Pannonia, bet. 
Isara fl. and Arrabo fl. There was a tribe 
of them, called also Boates, on the coast of 
Novem Populana, s.w. of Burdigala. II. 
capital of the Boii, Lugdunensis. jSout, 
near Entrain, III. Boates, capital of the 
Boiiy Novem Populana. T^te de Buch, 



BoiODUNUM (Boiodnrum), cap. of the. Bon, 
Noricum, On the Danube, at the con* 
fluence of .£nu8 fl. Innttadt. 

BoiuM, I. a town of the Dassarete, Illyria, 
on the w. shore of the Lychnitis palus, s. 
of Sation. II. of Doris, s.e. of Eiineus* 
Mariolates. 

BoLA (Volae), a town of the Latini, or, ac- 
cording to Livy, of the.£qui, Latium, bet. 
Preneste and Tolerium. An Alban set* 
tlement. Poli. 

BoLBiB, Caria, i. q. Heradea. 

BoLBE, I. a lake of Anthemus, Mygdonia, e. 
of Anthemus lacus. Betchik. II. a town 
on the N. shore of the lake. Betchik. 

Bolbene (Balabilene), a district of Armenia 
Minor, on the borders of Sophene, n. of 
Anzitene. Balahomdh, 

BoLBiTENE, a town of Lower Egypt, at the 
mouth of Bolbiticum Ostium Niti, L. 

BoLBiTicuM Ostium (Bolbitinum), a 
mouth of the Nile, e. of Canopicum Os- 
tium. 

BoLBULA ins., an isl. of Ionia, towards the 
mouth of Caystrus fl. 

BoLEi, a town of Argolis, on Argolicus sin., 
bet. Didymus and Philanorium. 

BoLELASGus, a town of the Trocmi, Galatiay 
bet. Ancyra (24) and Sarmalia (24). 

BoLENTiuM, a town of Pannonia Inferior, on 
Dravus fl., R., bet. Mariniana and Sirota. 

BoLiNAUS fl., a r. of Achaia, falling into 
Corinthiacus sin. below BoUne. 

BoLiNE, a town of Achaia, bet. Argyra and 
Erineus portus, on Bolinseus fl. Extinct 
in the time of Pausanias. 

BoLissus, a town of Chios ins., at its n.w. 
extremity. Volisso. 

BoLLiA fl., a r. of Germania Magna, of un- 
certain position. Represented by some 
geographers as felling into the Danube e. 
of Anabum. 

Bomarei, a people of Bactria, near the 
Oxus. 

BoMBUS fl., a r. of Cilicia Campestris. 

BoMiUM, I. a town of iEtolia, n. of .^Egitium, 
near the source of Evenus fl. II. of the 
Belgse, Britannia, 15 m. n. from Leucarum. 
Near Bridgewaierj at the confluence of 
the Tone and Parret. III. (Bovium), of 
the Silures, bet. Isca Silurum and Nidils. 
Boverion; Ervenny. 

BoMO, '* cattle," the name given to Euboea 
by its Arabic colonists under Cadmus 
(Kademah). 

BoNiB Fortune ins., an isl. of India e. 
Gangem, parallel w. with Aurea Cherson- 
nesus, and extending s.e. to Jabadii ins. 
Inhabited by Anthropophagi. Great An^ 
daman isl. 



BON 



78 



BOT 



BoNCHiB, MesopotemiA, i. q. BstuiL 

BoNCONicA (Bauconica), a town of the 
VangioneSy Germania I., on the Rhine, 
bet. Moguntiacum (11) and Borbetomagus 
(19|). Oppenheim. 

. BoNDELiAy a town of Etmria, n. of Luca. 
Pedona, 

Bonis, a town of India-Gedrosia, s.'w. of 
Alexandria Sogdiorum. 

BoNNA, Celiice fiahn,/709^«a Verona, a town 
of the Ubii, Germania I., on the Rhine, 
above Colonia Agrippina. The quarters of 
the Sixth Legion. Bonn, 

33oNOCHJEMiB, a tribe of Hermundari, Grer- 
mania, on Albis fl., L. 

BoNONiA, jm«9 felsina, I. an Etruscan chy of 
Gallia Cispadana, bet. Ad Medias (7) and 
Clatema (15), on Via Emilia Lepida. 
Taken by the Gauls 194 b.c. A colonia 
1101 B.C. Bologna. II. a town of the 
Moesi, Moesia Superior, on the Danube, 
bet. Dorticnm and Ad Malum. Bodon? 

III. of Pannonia Inferior, on the Danube, 
bet. Mikta(16)andSb^um (19). Illock? 

IV. A later name of Gessoriacum. 
BoNTOBRicA, a town of the Treveri, Germa- 
nia I., on the Rhine, bet. Bingium and 
Confluentes. Boppart. 

Boon, a town of Meroe, on the Nile, R., bet. 
Pnups and Berethis. 

BooNA, Pontus, vide Genetes. 

BoosCiBTE, BitJiynie, i. q. Helgas. 

BoosuRA prom., C3rprus, i. q. Dinaretum. 

BoFos, a town of Thebais, on the Nile, R., 
bet. Chenoboscia and Coenopolis. 

BoRACTA, a town of India e. Gangem, on 
the Ganges, at its junction with Sara- 
bus fl. 

BoRANi, a tribe of Bastamse, Sarmatia. 

BorbetomXgus (Augusta Vangionum), pos- 
ted Warmatia, a town of the Vangiones, 
Germania I., on the Rhine, above Bon- 
conica. Worms. 

BoRBORUs fl., a stream of Bottisea, falling 
into Pellseus lac. 

BoRCANii, Parthia, i. q. Barcani. 

BoRCOvicus, a town of the Brigantes, Britan., 
at Hadriani mur, s. bet. .^Isica and Citur- 
num. The station of the Cohors Prima 
Tungrorum. Hotuesteads. 

BoREALis OcBANus, a name of the Arctic 
Ocean. 

BoREUM, I. a m. of Arcadia, bet. Megalopo- 
lis and Tegea. II. Ostium, a mouth of 
the Danube, bet. Pseudo Ostium and 
Psilo Ostium. III. a pr. of Cyrenaica, w. 
marking the termination of the northern 
horn of Syrtis Major. IV. of Cyrenaica, w. 
bet. Caminus and Ampalaontes, s. of Bere- 
nice. Cape Tejuni, V. the n.w. extremity 



ofHibemia,bdowVenieniumprom. Malm 

Head. VI. the n. extremity of Tiqprobane. 

BoRGYS, I. a r. of the Heniochi, Sarmatia, 

&lling into the Euxine above Abasgus fl. 

II. a port of the Heniochi, at the mwiihof 
Borgys fl. Ketekili. 

BoRMANNi, a town of the CaTwatnHirinT, 
Narbonensis, N.E. ofOlbia. Borme^. 

BoRMANUM, a town of the Jazyges Mett- 
nastse, £. of Uskenum. 

Boron, a town of the Apuani, Lignria, on 
Boactes fl., bet. In Apennino (2) and 
Luna. 

BoRRAMA, a fortress of Phoenicia, on the 
coast, bet. Tripolis and Aradus. 

BoRSiFFA (Borsippon, Barsita), a town of 
Babylonia, on Naarsares fl., near Babylon. 
The seat of a college of Chaldsean astro- 
nomers. Noted for its flax manufEu^tores. 
Semaue : Cufa. 

BoRTiN^, a town of the Vescitani, Tarraeo- 
nensis, w.n.w. of Osca. Almuderar. 

BoRusci,* a people of Sarmatia, towards 
Riphsei m. The probable progenitors of 
the Prussians. 

BoRYSTHENES, I. an isl. of Sarmatia, b. at 
the outer mouth of the Borysthenes. II. fl., 
postea Danapris, a r. of Sarmatia e. rising 
in Budinns m. and falling into the Euxine 
e. of the mouth of Hypanis fl. Dnieper, 

III. a name of Olbia, Sarmatia. 

Bos prom., a pr. of Bith3rnia, on Bosporus 
Thracius, bet. Caldiedon and Cluysopolis. 
Named from the landing here of lo. 

BosA, a maritime town of the Coraoenses, 
Sardinia, w. bet. Comus and Carbia, at or 
near the mouth of Temus fl. Buosa. 

BosABA, a port of Arabia Felix, n.b. of 
Basag. Masora ; Mizi. 

Bosporus, quasi ** fordable by a bullock,'' L 
CiMMERius, the strait communicating bet. 
the Euxine and Palus Mseotis, and sepa- 
rating, at that point, Europe from Asia. 
Bosporus; Siretio di Zabache; 8, di 
Cafa; 8. di Feodosia. 11. (Thracius, 
Mysius, Calchedonia), the strait bet. 
Thrace and Mysia, connecting the Euxine 
with the Propontis. Traditionally named 
from the passage of lo. Bosporus. III. 
i. q. Panticapseum. 

BosTRA, vide Bozra. 

Bostrenus fl., a r. of Phoenicia, fidlinginto 
the sea at Sidon. 

BoTRYs (Teros), a town of Phoenicia, on the 
coast, 12 m. N. from Byblus. 

BoTTiEUM, a town of Lycaonia, on Tattsea 
pal. 

BoTTi^A (Bottiaeis), a district of Macedonia, 
bet. the Haliacmon and the Axius, s. of 
Emathia. 



BOT 



79 



BRE 



.Bomju, a peofde of Cretan origin, settled 

first in Bottnea, and then in Chalddice 

abont Therme and Olynthns. 
BoTRODUs, a town of the Celtiberi, Tanaco- 

nensis, near 3egobriga. 
BouM, a town of ^Ethiopia, on the Nile, L. 
BouTA, a town of the Bagi-Grsetuli, Africa. 
.BoviANVM, oq^ital of the Pentri, Samnium, 

on Via Nnmicia, bet. ^semia (18) and 

Ad Tamamm (16). A colonia of JoHns 

Caesar. The parent city, of the same 

name, stood about 12 miles n.e. Boiano. 
Bo viULS, I. a town of the Hemid, or rather 

of theVolsci, Latium, towards Arpinum. 

Banco. II. sumamed Suburbanse, of the 

Latini, Latium, 9^ m. s.b. from Rome, on 

Appla Via. A munidpium and oolonia. 

The death-place of P. Clodius. Osteria 

delle Frattochie, 
BoviuM, a town of the Ordovices, Brit., bet. 

Deva (10) and Mediolanum (20). Hart- 
hill. 
BoxuM, a town of the iGdni, Lugdunensis I., 

bet. Augustodunum x.e. and Aquse Nisense 

s.w. 
BoziATA, a town of Albania Asiatica. 
BozRAH (Bostra), I. capital of Auranitis, 24 

m. S.E. from Adraa. A colonia of Trajan. 

Ma Sherik Hauran. II. of Edom, s.e. 

of the 8. extremity of the Dead Sea, n. of 

Petra. El Butaireh. 
Braca, ** standing pools,'^ the local name 

of Bagradas fl., Africse, from its slow course 

and its tendency, more especially towards 

its mouth, to form pools and lakes. 
Bracara Augusta, capital of the Bracari, 

Tarraoonensis, on Celadus fl., L., above 

Celiobriga. A colonia. Braga, 
Bracari, a tribe of Callaed, bet. Minius fl. 

N.w. and Durius fl. s. 
Bracchium, a town of the Brigantes, Britan., 

on Urus fl., R., towards its source. 
Brachea, a name of the Red Sea, from 

its numerous shoals. 
Brachmanes, a people or, more probably, a 

caste of Indians, settled in ^modi m. and 

elsewhere. 
Brachmk, a town of India i. Gangem, in' 

^modi m. A seat of the Brachmins. 
Brachodes prom. (Ammon Balithonos), a 

pr. of Byzacene, bet. Acholla and Ruspee. 

C. Capoudiah. 
Bradanus fl.,^ a r. of Italy, rising in the 

Apennines bet. Venusia and Potentia, and, 

after separating Lucania from Apulia, 

falling into Tarentinus sin. n.e. of Meta- 

pontum. Bradano. 
Braoodurum, a town of the Leutrenses, 

Vindelida, on the Danube, below Brigo- 

bsnna. 



Brami£a, a port of the Aspithrae, on Magnus 
sin., s. of Aspithra. 

Branchip^, a people of Sogdiana^ towards 
Nautaca. 

Branodunum, a town of the loeni, Britan./ 
at the s. entrance of Metaris ^stuar., n.w. 
of Venta Icenorum. A station of the 
Equites Dalmatse. Braneaster, 

Branogenium (Branovium), locally Wyre- 
ceaster, a town of the Dobuni, Britannia, 
on Sabrina fl., n. of Glevum. Worcester. 

Bratananium, a town of the Consuanetse, 
Rhsetia, on Isara fl., 12 m. n.k. from 
Urusa. East of Gerezried. 

Brattia ins., an isL of the- Adriatic, one of 
the Liburnides ins., opposite Salona. Noted 
for its goats' cheese and its wine. Brazzo. 

Bratuspantium, Bielg^ca, i. q. Caesaro- 
magus. 

Brauron, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
^neis, near the month of Eresinusfl., bet. 
Pallene and Prusie. Here Iphigenia landed 
with the statue of Diana. Palaio- Vronna. 

Bravinium, a town of the Ordovioes, Bri- 
tannia II., S.E. of Mediolanum. Ludlow. 

BreguEtium (Brigantium), a town of the 
Amantini, Pannonia, on the Danube, below 
Camuntum. A station of the Legio Prima 
Adj utriz. The death-place of V i^entinian. 
Szony. 

Bregmentini, a people of MoMa Asiatic^ 
towards Pergamum. 

Bremenium; a town of the Otadeni, Va- 
lentia, s.e. of Coria Gadenorum. lUchester. 

Brementonacum (Bremeterracnm), a town 
of the Brigantes, Britan.^ n. of Cocdum 
(22). Lancaster. 

Bremeterracum, Britannia, i. q. Bremen- 
tonacum. 

Brendice, a town of the Cicones, Thrace, 
on Egnatia Via, bet. Maximianopolis (20) 
and Trajanopolis (37) • 

Brettioi, the Greek name of the Bruttii of 
Italy. 

Brentesion, ** stag's head,'' the Messapian 
name of Bmndusium. 

Brbnthe, a town of Arcadia, on Brentheates 
fl., half a mile frt)m its junction with 
Alpheus. Koritena. 

Brbntonicum (Bretina), a fortress of the 
Euganei, Gallm Transpadana, bet. Benacus 
lacus N.E. and the Athesis. Brentonico. 

Bretina, Gallia, i. q. Brentomcum. 

Breuci, a people of Pannonia, on the Savus. 

Breuni (Breones), a people of Rhsetia, bet. 
^nus fl. and Alpes Yenetse. About the 
Grand Brenner, 8fC. 

Breviodurum, a town of the Lexovii, Lug- 
dunensis Il.y N.B. of Noviomagus. Pont 
Autou, 



BRI 



80 



BRU 



Bricinni^, a town of Sicily, s. of Leontini, 

near the source of Pantagias fl. 
Brigacini (Trigadni)) a tribe of Astures, 

Tarraconensis, about Brigsecium. 
Bri62B, a town of the Belgse, Britannia I., 

11 m. "w. from Venta Belgarum. Brough' 

ton Farm, 
BriguECium, capital of the Brigadni, on 

Asturica fl., 40 m. s.E. from Aug. Asturica. 

Near Benevente. 
Brig ANTES {Celtice "plunderers"), I. a 

people of Britain, occup3ring the whole of 

Maxima Csesariensis, witii tibe exception of 

the portion occupied s. of Alaunus fl. by 

the Otadeni. Durham^ Cumberland^ 

Westmorelandj LancashirCf and York- 

shire. II. of Hibemia, s. Water/ord and 

part of Tipperary, 
Brigantii, I. a people of Alpes Maritimse. 

Vallee de Brianconnet. II. of Rhstia, on 

Brigantinus lacus, 8. 
Brigantinus portus, a bay of the Atlantic, 

at Flavium. Puerto de la Coruna ; The 

Groyne. 
Brigantinus lacus (Acronius), a lake of 

Rhsetia and Vindelida, bet. Brigantium e. 

and Constantia w., formed by the Rhine. 

Lake of Constance ; Bodensee. 
Brigantium (Brigomagensium Civitas), capi- 
tal of the Brigiani, Alpes Maritime, bet. 

In Alpe N.E. and Rama s. Brianpon. 

II. (Bregantio), capital of the Brigantii, 
Rhsetia, s.w. of Campodunum, at the £. 
extremity of Brigantinus lacus. Bregentz. 

III. Pannonia, i. q. Bregsetium. 
Brigiani, a tribe of Salyes, Narbonensis, 

N.w. of the Nerusci. Vallee de Brianpon. 
Briginnum, postea Brinnonus, a town of 

the Volcse Arecomici, Narbonensis I., bet. 

Vatrus and Seztatio. Brignonf W, of 

Uzez, 
Brigobanna, a town of the Latobrigi, Yin- 

delicia, towards the source of the Rhine. 

Breunlingen. 
Brigulus fl., an early name of the Arar. 
Brilessus m., a n. ridge of Pentelici m., 

Attica, on Charadrus fl. Turko-Vouni, 
Briniates, a tribe of Liguria, above Tigulia. 

About Brugnetto. 
Brisa prom., a pr. of Lesbos ins., on the 

s.w. coast, E. of Eressus. 
Brioveva (Briodurum), a town of the 

Unelli, Lugdunensis II. St, Lo. 
Brisoana fl. (Brizana), ar. of Persis Proper, 

falling into Persicus sin., 50 m. n.w. from 

Rhogonis fl. 
Britablum (Brutobria), a town of the 

Vaccaei, Tarraconensis, n.e. of Segobia. 
Britannia, Celtice " land of painted men," 

vide Albion. 



Britannicus Oceanus, the sea on the s. 

coast of Britain. British Channel. 
Britolagi, a tribe of Gets, Dada, bet. the 

Tyras fl. and Parata fl. 
Briula (Biula, Priula), a town of Lydia, 

near Nysa. 
Briva Isara, a town of the Veliocasses, 

Lugdunensis II., on the Isara, bet. Petro< 

mantalum w.n.w. and Lutetia 8.B. 
Brivas, a town of the Arvemi, Aqnitania I., 

on the Elava, s.s. of Augiistonemetum. 

Brioude. 
Briyates portus, a port of the Namnetes, 

Lugdunensis III., bet. the mouth of the 

Liger and the Herius. Brivain, near 

Croisic. 
Brivodurum, a town of the Senones, Lug- 
dunensis IV., on the Liger, bet. Belca and 

Condate. 
BRixANTiB, 1. q. Brigantii. 
Brixellum, a town of Gallia Cispadana, on 

Padus fl., 20 m. n.w. from Regium Lqn- 

dum. A colonia. The deatii-place of 

Otho. Bresello. 
Brixia fl., a r. of Susiana, falling into Per- 
sicus sin. Noted for the quantities of mud 

it deposited. 
Brixia, capital of the Cenomanni, Gallia 

Transpadana, on Grortia fl., L., bet. Tetelhis 

(10) and Ad Flexum (11), on Via .Emilia. 

An Etruscan dty. A colonia and muni- 

cipium. Brescia. 
Brizaca, a town of Armenia Major. 
Brizana fl., Persis, i. q. Brisoana. 
Brocomagus, a town of the Tribocd, Ger- 

mania I., n.e. of Tres Tabeme. Brumal, 
Brodentia, a town of the Maroomanniy 

Germania, e. of Reginum. 
Brodontii, a people of Yiennensis, n. of the 

Uceni. About Mt. Brodon. 
BrocXvum, a town of the Brigantes, Brit*, 

s.E. of Yoreda. Brougham. 
Bromagus, a town of the Ambrones, 

Maxima Sequanorum, bet. Minodunum N. 

and Yiviscus s. 
Bromiscus, atown of Chalddioe, Macedonia, 

on Strymonicus sin., at the mouth of 

Bolbe fl., bet ApoUonia (11) and Argilos 

(10). 
BROvoNACiE, a town of the Brigantes, Brit.^ 

on Ituna fl., 13 m. s.E. from Yoreda. 

Kirby Thore. 
Broxjb, a town of Yenetia, near Forum 

Julii. Brischis. 
Bruchi, a people of Colchis, in Caucasus, n. 

of the Abasgi. 
Brucida, vide Brygias. 
Brucla, a town of the Burideenses, Dada, 1^ 

m. N. from Apulum, on Mariscus fl. 
Bructeri, a people of Germania, s. of the 



BRU 



81 



BUD 



Prisii and C^haud, k. of the Luppia, and 

w. of the Yisurgis. They were divided by 

Amisia fl. into Bnicteri Majores and Bruc- 

teri Minores. 
Bruchi, a people of Iberiai on the confines 

of Sarmatia. 
BrugbtiAi poatea Brageria, a town of the 

Volcee Arecomiciy Narbonensis I., bet. 

Andusia and Tedusia. Brugniere, 
Brundisii prom., a headland at the entrance 
. of the* harbour of Brundusium. Capo 

Cavallo. 
Brundusium (Brindisium), a port of Cala- 
. bria, on the Adriatic, bet. Speluncse and 

Baletium. Of date prior to 700 b.c. A 
. colonia 246 B.C. Brindisi, 
Brusiliana, a town of Numidia, bet. Siguss 

(7) and Thada (7). 
Brutid^, a phratria of Attica. 
Bruttium, a region of Italy, occupying the 

" toe of the boot/' bounded n. by Lucania, 

at Laus fl., and Crathis fl., and elsewhere 
. by the sea. Settled by a body of slaves, 

fugitives, as the name imported, firom Lu- 
cania. Calabria Ultra, 
Bruttius sinus, a bay of the Tyrrhenian 

sea, at Metaurum. Golfo di Gioja. 
Bruxos, Phrygia, i. q. Druzon. 
Bryanium, a town of Pelagonia, Pseonia, on 

Erigonus fl., above Alcomense. 
Bryazon (Olachas), I. a r. of Bithynia, 

falling into Astacenus sin. Its water was 

reputed to choke perjurers. II. a town of 

Bithynia, on Bryazon fl., bet. Calchedon 

and Nicomedia. 
Brychon fl., I. a stream of Magnesia, Thes- 

saly, rising in Pelion m. and falling into 

Pagasseus sin. II. a r. of Pallene, Mace- 
donia. 
Bryclice, an inland district of Cilida Cam- 

pestzis. 
Brygi (Brygii, Phrygi), a tribe of Dassaretse, 

Blyria, on the confines of Macedonia. 
Brygias (Brygium, Brudda), capital of the 

Brygi, Illyria, s. of Lychnitis palus, on the 

Via Egnatia, bet. Lychnidus (13) and 

Sdrtiana (4). Preaba, 
Bryllium, a town of Bithynia, near Cius. 
BRYSEiE, a town of Laconia, under Taygetus 

M., s.w. of Amyclse. 
Brystaci A, a town of the GSnotri, Bruttium, 

6 m. w. from Crimisa. Umbriatico. 
Bryzox (Bruzus, Dryzon),a town of Phrygia 

M., bet. Ipsus and Sozopolis. 
BuANA (Semiramoceria), a town of Thospitis, 

Armenia, on Arsissa lac., s. above Arte- 

mita. 
BuBAcsNE, a district of Bactria, on Oxus 

fl. 
BuBALiA (Budalia), a town of Pannonia 



Inferior, near Sirmium. The birth-place 

of the emperor Decius. 
BuBASTicus fl., a cut from the Tanitic 

branch of the Nile at Phacusa, to Pelu- 

sium, terminating in Pelusiacum Ostium. 

Constructed by Pharaoh Neco. 
BuBASTUs (Bubastis, Pe-biseth), a dty of 

Lower Egypt, on the Bubastic branch of 

the Nile, s.w. of Tanis. Named from the 

worship of Bubasht (Diana). The burial- 
place of the Sacred Cats. Tel-Basta. 
BuBiNDA fl., a r. of Hibemia, £. separating 

the Usluntii from the Eblani. Boyne, 
BuBON, postea Sophianopolis, a town of 

Lycia, near Cibyra. 
BuBULcoRUM Oppidum, a maritime town of 

GaUlea Inferior, bet. Ptolemais and Caesar- 

ea. 
BuBULUS fl., a r. of Dacia, rismg w. of 

Zarmizegethusa and falling into Tibiscus fl. 

towards the junction of Savus fl. 
BucA, a port of the Frentani, s.e. of Sagrua 

fl. Penna, 
BucciANA ins. (Budnna), anisl. of Sardinia, 

E. below Hermeea ins. La Vacca. 
Bucco, a town of the Volcse Tectosages^ 

Narbonensis I., bet. Hunganverro w. and 

Tolosa E. 
BucEPHALA, a town of India i. Grangem, on. 

tiie Hydaspes, below the junction of the 

Acesines and Hydraotes. Founded by 

Alexander, in memory of his horse. MouU 

tan; Mung? 
Bucephalus, I. a pr. of Argolis, near Ha- 

husa. Machorma, II. a harbour of Co- 

rinthia, on Saronicus sin., n. of PirsusL 

portus. 
BucHwSTiuM (Bucheta, Bucenta), a town of 

Molossis, Epirus, on Acherusia palus. San 

Giovanni. 
Buci lapis, a town of Cilida Prefectura, in. 

Cappadocia. 
BuciNA ins., an isL of Sicily, one of the 

JEgates ins., n. of ^gusa, e. of Hiera. 
BuciNOBANTES, a tribe of Chatti, Germania, 

under Taunus m. n. 
BucoLicuM Ostium, one of the artificial 

mouths of the Nile. 
BucoLioN, a town of Arcadia, near Ores* 

theium. Built by BucoHon. 
BucRA prom., a pr. of Sicily, s. below Came- 

rina. C. di Scalami. 
BuDEA (Budeum), a town of Magnesia, 

Thessaly. 
BuDiNi (Bodeni), a people of Sarmatia, about 

Budinus m. Podolia ? 
BuDiNUM m., a m. of Sarmatia, e. towards 

the N. source of the Borysthenes ? 
BuDORGis, i. q. Budorigum. 
BuDORiGUM (Budorgis), a town oC t3;»^ 



BUD 



82 



BUT 



Diduni, Germania, x. of the source of the 

Albis. Ratibor ? 
BuDORis, a town of the Teucteri, Germania, 

on the Rhinei bet. Colonia Agrippina and 

Bonna. Dusseldorf. 
BuDORUSy I. a r. of EUopia, Enboea, running 

into the iEgean, e. of Artemisium prom., 

near Cerintibus. II. a fortress of Salamis, 

nearly opposite Megara. Monastery of 

the Phaneromeni, 
BuDROA ins., an isl. on the n. coast of Crete, 

towards Drepanum prom. 
BuDUA, a town of the Vettones, Lnsitania, 

w.N.w. of Augusta Emerita. 
BuDUXii a town of Numidia, bet Signs and 

Visalta. 
BuGLATA, a town of Numidia, bet. Ad Ger- 

mani and Ad Mercurium. 
BuLiCAS, Arabia, i. q. Ocelis. 
BuLis, a town of Phods, 1 m. n. from My- 

chos portns. 
Bulla, I. sumamed Minsa, i. q. Carthago. 

II. sumamed Regia, a royal city of Numi- 

dia, s. of Tabraca. Badicha, 
BuLLEUM, i. q. Burrium. 
BuMADUS (Bumellu8).fl., a r. of Adiabene, 

Assyria, falling into the Lycus below Grau- 

gamela. Chdzir-Zou; Bohrus, 
BuMASiNi, a people of Taprobane, on the 

w. coast, about Prasodes sin. 
BuNiMA, a town of the Tymphsei, Epirus, 

bet. Trampya and Dodona. Founded by 

Ulysses. 
BuNiTiuM, a town of the Viruni, Germania, 

onSuevusfl., s.E.ofLadburgium. Rostock, 
BuNOMUs, the early name of Pella, Mace- 
donia. 
BuPHAGiuM, a town of Arcadia, near the 

source of Buphagus fl., 5 m. s.e. from 

Melsenese. 
BuphXgus fl., a r. of Arcadia, £EJ]ing into 

Alpheus fl. near Buphagium. 
BuPHiA, a town of Achaia, towards Sicyon. 
BuFHRUS fl., a r. of Messenia, rising in 

.^gialeus m., and falling into the sea n. of 

Coryphasium prom. Brisomeri. 
BuPORTHMUs prom., a pr. of Argolis, over 

against Aperopia ins. 
BuprXsium, a town of Epea, Elis, s. of 

Larissa. Extinct in Strabo's time. 
BuRA, one of the twelve cities of Achaia, on 

Buraicus fl., s.e. of Cerynia; near the site 

of an earlier cognominal city, destroyed by 

an earthquake. 
Buraicus fl., a r. of Achaia, rising in Lampe 

m., and falling into Corinthiacus sin. below 

Bura. On its banks was an oracle of 
Hercules, consulted by dice-throwing. 
Calavrita, 
BuRCA fl.y Sannat., i. q. Aditeus. 



BuRCHANA ins., one of the Electrides ins.^ 

off the mouth of Amisia fl. Bar cum, 
BurdigXla, capital of the Bituriges 'Vlvisciy 

Aquitania II., on the Garumna, L., towards 

its mouth. The birth-place of Ausonius. 

Bordeaux. 
BuRDiPTA, a town of the Odrysse, Thrace, 

on Hebrus fl., bet. Subzupara and Ha- 

drianopolis. 
BuRDEXTiUM, a town of the Cielatse, Thrace, 

on Harpessus fl., bet. Rhamse and Da- 

phaba. 
BuRGENA, a town of Pannonia Inf., on the 

Danube, bet. Rittium (15) and Taurunum 

(10). Near Tassa 8, 
BuRGiNATiUM,atownofthe Quademi, Ger* 

mania II., on the Rhine, at the confluence 

of the Vidialis. Schankensekantz. 
BuRGUNDiONES, a tribe of Vindili, German., 

bet. Viadms fl. and Vistula fl., n. of the 

Omani. The progenitors of tlie Gaulish 

Burgundians. 
BuRiD AVA, postea Taba, capital of the Buri- 

deenses, Dae., on Aluta fl., R., bet. Castra 

Trajani and Pons Aluti (13). 
BuRiDEENSES, a tribe of A^thyrsi, Dads, 

about the sources of Marissus fl. 
BuRii, a tribe of Lygii, Germania, about 

Asciburgius m. 
BuRNUM (Bumium), a town of Illyria. 
Burrium (Bulleum), a town of the Silures, 

Brit., on Isca fl., n. of Isca Silumm (9)w 

Usk. 
Burs AC (Bursada), a town of the Pelendones, 

Tarraconensis, towards Deobriga. Borja. 
BuRTUDizus, a town of the Odrysse, Thrace, 

on Teams fl., bet. Ostudizum and Berguhu 
BuRUNCA, a town of the Ubii, Germania I., 

on the Rhine, above Dumomagus. 
BusENTUs (Barentinus) fl., a r. of Bruttium, 

falling into the Crathis at Consentia. 

Busiento. 
BusiTis (Buzites), a district of Arabia Des. 

Named from Buz, second son of Nahor. 
BusiRis, a city of Lower Egypt, on the 

Busiritic branch of the NUe, below Leon- 

topolis. Built by Busiris. Sacred to Isis. 

Aboussir, 
BusiRiTicuM OSTIUM NiLi, the name of 

Phatmeticum Ostium, towards Busiris. 
BuTEiA (Butadse), a demus of Attica, of tiie 

tribe ^neis. Named after Butseus. 
BuTHEMANEi, Arabia, i. q. Themanei. 
BuTHROTUM, a town of Thesprotia, Epirus, 

at Posidium prom., 26 m. frx)m Phcenice. 

Founded by Helenus, son of Priam. A 

colonia. Butrinto, 
BuTHROTUs fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 

Locrensis sinus, 2 m. N. from Locri* 

Novito, 



BUT 



83 



CAB 



BxTTHURUS, a town of Numidia, near the 

source of Bagradas fl. 
Buncus lacos, a lake of Lower Egypt, at 

Butos, formed by the Saitic and Sebennytic 

branches of the Nile. 
BuTRiuMi an Umbrian town of Gallia Qspad., 

bet. Ravenna (11) and Augusta (11). 

Butrio ? 8<mf Alberto ? 
BuTVA (Buthoe), a town of the Endielees, 

on the Adriatic, bet. Rbizon (15) and 

Oldmmn (90). Founded by Cadmus. 

Boudoua. 
BuTUNTUM, a town of Peucetia, on Via Eg- 

natia, bet. Rubi (11) and Barium (11). 

Bitonto. 
BiTTUS, a town of Lower Egypt, on Buttons 

lac., bet. Sais and Sebennyticum Ost. 

NotedfbranoradeofLatona. Kom-Katir. 
BvxzNTUM (Pyxus, "full of box-trees"), I. 

a r. of Lucania, felling into the sea n.w. 

of Blanda. Busento, II. a pr. of Lucania, 

at Buzentum. Capo degli Irrfreacki. III. 

a town of Lucania, at the mouth of Buxen- 

tum 11. Founded by Micythus, king of 

Rhegium, circa 471 b.c. A colonia 196 

1I.C. Near Policastro, 
BuzARA m., m. of Mauritania Ctesariensis, 

a w. c(m1anna1ion of Audus m. Tittery, 
Bybassia Chxrsonesus, the termination 

of Doris Chersonesus, Caria, above Cnidus. 
BrBASsms sin., a bay of Schoenus sin. s., at 

the commencement of Bybassia Cherso- 
nesus. O. lAthotronda, 
Btblos, I. Egypt, i. q. Aphroditopolis. II. 

jfostea Zebelet, a town of Phoenicia, towards 

the coast, bet. Berytus and Tripolis. Sacred 

to Thammuz (Adonis). Dsjebalj Esbile, 
Btce lac. (Buges, Sapra), a morass of Sar- 

matia E., formed by Palus Mseotis, at the 

entrance of Coretus sin. Guilo4 Mor4, 
Btces 11., a r. of Sarmatia Europ., falling 

into Byce lac. 
Byi^ji, a town of Pontus, s. of Trapezus. 

Noted for its silver mines, whence the 

modem name. GumUh-Nameh, 
BtlazS&a, a town of the Agrianes, Pseonia, 

on Pontus fl., below .£strseum. Velesa. 
Btixini, a people of lUyria n. 
Byllis, a town of the Taulantii in Illyria, 

on JEsa fl., R., above Nymphseum, s.e. of 

Apollonia. A colonia (col. Byllidensis). 

Cfradigta, 
BTLTiB, a people of Scythia i. Imaum, on 

Indus fl.y R., towards its source. 
Btrin m., m. of Africa, on both sides of 
' Ampsaga fl. 
Btrsi (Brysi, Brsesi), a tribe of iOmathi, 

Macedonia, about Scydra. 
Btsnai, a tribe of Bebryces, in Bithynia. 
Btzacbna (Byzadum), the s. division of 



Africa Propria, extending along the coast 
from Horrea to Meninx ins. 

Btzacia (Mamma), capital of Byzacene, on 
Syrtis Minor, n.e. of Tritonis pal. Beghui, 

Byz ANTES, the people of Byzacena, Africa. 

Byzantium, I. prius Lygos, a city of the 
Odrysse, Thrace, on Thradus Bosporus, at 
the entrance of the Propontis. Founded 
by a colony from Megara-Nissea, under 
Byzas, 71 ^ b.c. ; enlarged by immigrants 
from Laoedtemon, Miletus, and Athens; 
and made by Constantino the capital of 
the Eastern Empire, and named first Nea 
Roma, and then Constantinopolis. Stant' 
boul {"the city"), Constantinople, II. 
sumamed Toparon, a port of Ariaca^ 
India, on Barygazenus sinus. 

Byzeres, a people of Pontus, on the coast, 
bet. Achabis fl. and Acampsis fl. 



c. 



Cabadene, a district of Carmania Deserta^ 

on the confines of Drangiana. 
Cabalaca, Alban, i. q. Chabala. 
Cabalea, a later name of Milyas, Lyda. 
Cab ALEX (Lasonii), a Maeonian tribe, who 

settled in Milyas, Lyda. 
Caballicome, a town of Lycaonia, 23 m« 

S.E. from Laodicea. 
Cabalsus, a town of Thebais, bet. Hy« 

draeum ApoUinis and Hydrseum Caenon. 
Cabana, I. a port of Arabia Felix, on Per- 

sicus sin., e. of Cadara. Calba, II. of the 

Oritae, Gedros., bet. Cocala and Pagala. 
Cabandene, the e. portion of Susiana s. 
Cabali, a people of Cyrenaica, s. of Cyrene. 
Cabar Sasia, a town of Byzacene, near 

Hadrumetum. Suaa. 
Cabarnis ins., an early name of Paros ins. 
Cabasa, a town of Lower Egypt, on the 

Saitic branch of the Nile, L., below Sais. 

Cabas el Melek. 
Cabassus, a town of Cataonia. 
Cabelees (Solymi), i. q. Cabalei. 
Cabellio, capital of the Cavares, Viennensis, 

on Druentia fl., s.e. of Avenio. CavailUm, 
Caberasa, a town of Media. 
Cabillonum (Caballlnum, Cabillones), a 

town of the ./Edui, Lugdunensis I., on the 

Arar, R. ,aboveTinurtio. Chalons sur Saone, 
Cabira (Diopolis, Sebastopolis, Sebaste), 8 

dty of Pontus, on Lycus fl., R., 15 m. 

above Eupatoria, under Paryadres m. The 

favourite abode of Mithridates Eupator« 

Enlarged by Pompey and by Pythodoris. 
Cabubathra m., the southernmost headland 

of Arabia Felix, e. of Catabania. Cajio 

St, Antonio. 



CAB 



84 



CJE? 



Cabura, Arachos, i. q. Ortospana. . 
Caburro, a town of the Vagienni, Ligoria. 
' CavoVf near Bagnolo. 
Cabusiacum, a town of the Remi, Belgica 

II., bet. Verbinum n. and Nmitacum s. 
Cabyle, a town of the Crobyzi, Thrace, w. 

of Anchialus. 
CachXles fl., a r. of Phods, ninmng by 

Tithorea mto the Cephisus. Kako-Rheuma, 
Cacidari, the early name of the Arimaspi. 
Cacob^, a people of India i. Gangem, under 

Emodi m., e. of the Aminachse. 
Cacuthis fl., a r. of India e. Gangem, fall- 
ing into the Ganges. Gumty. 
.Cacyparis fl., a r. of Sicily, falling into the 

sea, s. of Longum prom. Cassibile, 
Cacyrum, a town of Sicily, n. of Gela. 
, Cassaro, 
Cadara, a town of the Borgodi, Arabia, on 

Persicus sin., s.e. of Catara. Godo, 
Cadara, rectius Catarse, a tribe of Agrsei, 

Arabia, onPersicus sin., n. of the Rhadamaei. 
Cadi, a town of the Abbaites, Phrygia Epic- 

tetus, on Peucella fl., s.w. from Synnaus. 
' Noted for its scammony. Kedous. 
Cadianum, a town of the Cenomanni, Vene- 

tia, bet. Verona (10) and Ad Aureos (10), 
, on Via iEnulia. Caldiero, 
Cadistus m., a w. summit of Berec3rnthus 

m., above Polyrrhenia. M. Grabusa, 
X!!admeia, the early name of Thebes in 

Boeotia, after Cadmus. 
Cadmeis, a name of Boeotia, from Cadmus. 
Cadmus, I. a r. of Phrygia M., falling into 

Lycus fl. near Laodicea. II. a ridge of 

Taurus, in Lyda, extending to Laodicea. 

Baba Dagh, 
Cadrait^, Arabia, i. q. Cedrei. 
Cabrusi (Cetrosa), a town of the Gandarii, 

Arachosia, n.w. of Tazora. Built by 

Alexander. 
Cadupi, a people of Ethiopia, on the Nile, 

R., near the great cataract. 
Cadurci, I. a people of Aquitania I., bet. the 

Petrocorii and Nitiobriges w. and the Ru- 

teniE. Department of Lot, II. their cap., 

i. q. Bivona. 
Cadusii (Gelse), a people of Med. Atropa- 

tene, on the Caspian, s. of Caspiane. Me- 
. morable for their long warfare with the 

Medes. Guilan? 
Cadyna, a town of Tyanitis, Cappadoda, 

s.w. of Castabala. Nigd4. 
Cadyta (Cadytis), i. q. Jerusalem ? Gath ? 
C^ci^ ins., two islets of Argolis, off Spirseum 

prom. 
C^ciNUM, a town of Bruttium, on Caednus 
' fl., R., near its mouth. Satriano, 
CiEciNus fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 

Scylleticus sin. s. of Scylletium. Ancinale, 



CiBCUBUs ager, the country about Amydse, 

Latium, celebrated for its wine. 
Cjedessa (Kedes), a dty of refuge of Naph- 

thali, Galilee Sup., towards Tyre. 
Cjsdia, a town of the Sididni, Campania, 

near Sinuessa. 
CiEDiTi^ Tabern^, a post-house on Via 

Appia, in Campania, near Caedia. 
C^DiTius Campus, thedistrict around Caedia, 

Campania. 
CiEDiuM, a town of the Nertereani, Grerm., 

s. of Pheugarum. 
CiEDRUs fl., a r. of Sardinia, felling into the 

sea at Fanum Carisii. 
CiELA, the coast of Euboea, bet. Greraestos 

prom, and Chalds. 
C^L^A ins., an isl. of the Omanitae, Arabia. 
Cjeladus fl., a r. of Tarraconensis, falling 

into the Atlantic below Bracara Augusta. 
Cjele, the funeral suburb of Athens. The 

birth-place of Cymon and Thucydides. 
CJSLATiE, I. Majores, a tribe of Odryss, 

Thrace, under Haemus m. II. Minores, a 

tribe of Odrysae, under Rhodope m. 
CiBLiANUM, a town of Lucania, on Bradanus 

fl., bet. Opinum (32) and Heradea (25). 

Cirigliano, 
C^NA, I. a town of Acabene, Mesopotamia, 

on the Tigris, at the confluence of the 

Caprus. Senn. II. of Pontus, i. q. .£nus. 

III. of Tyanitis, Cappadoda, bet. Tyana 

(13)andPodandu8(12). 
C^NE, a town of Lower Egypt, on the Nile, 

L., bet. Iseum and Tacona. 
C^NiNA, a town of Sabinium, on the Anio, 

near Antemnae. Colonized by Romulus. 

Monticelli. 
CiENON, a port of Cyrenaica, bet. Euschaenus 

and Apis. 
C^NONCHORioN, a fortress of Pontus, on 

Lycus fl., 5 geog. m. from Cabira. The 

treasure-fortress of Mithridates. 
C^NOPOLis, I. a town (Vagharschapat) of 

Cotacene Armen., n.e. of Armauiia. Ar^ 

dimed Khagbag. II. of Laconia, i. q. 

Taenarum. III. of Cyrenaica, bet. Ptole«i 

mais (32) and Cyrene (33). IV. of The- 

bais, on the Nile, R., bet. Bopos and 

Coptos. 
CiENUS fl., a r. of Narbonensis, falling into 

the sea e. of Maritima Avaticorum. Are. 
CiBNYRA, a town of Thasos ins. e., over 

against Samothrace. 
C^NYS prom., a pr. of Bruttium, over against 

Pelorus prom. Punta del Pezzo; Coda 

del Volpe, 
Cjepiana, a maritime town of the Celtidi 

Lusitan. w, of Caetobrix. 
CiEPioNis turris, a lighthouse at the N.w* 

extremity of Tartessus ins. 



CMR 



85 



CAL 



C^RATUS, I. the early name of Gnossus. 
II. a r. of Crete, running by Gnossus into 
the sea at Heracleium. Cartero. 

C^RE) I. a Siculian dty of Etruria, on Caere- 
tanus fl.y 4 m. from the sea, w.n.w. of 
Rome. It was taken by the Tyrrheni 
(who named it Agylla) and became one of 
their twelve Etrurian cities. The capital 
of Mezentius. A colonia and munidpium. 
Extinct in Strabo's time. Cer Vetere, 

> II. a town of the Vettones, Lusitania, on 
Cuda fl., near its source. 

Cjbrbsii, a tribe of Tungri, Germania II., 
on Sura fl. 

C^RETANUS fl., a r. of Etruria, falling into 
the sea below Caere. Vaccina. 

C^s ADA, a town of Tarraconensis, bet. Com- 
plutum and Bilbilis. 

CiESAR Augusta, pritis Salduba, a city of 

• the Edetani, Tarraconensis, on the Iberus, 
at the confluence of the GaUicus, below 
Allobon. Colonized with Ihe Emeriti of 
the 4th, 6th, and lOth Legions. Saragoasa, 
Zaragoaa. 

Cjesarea, I. ins., priua Angia, an isl. of 

' LugdunensisII., s.E. ofSamiains. J(?r9ey. 

II. priu8 Paneas (Banias), a dty of Galilsea 

Superior, n.e. of Dan. Sumamed Philippi 

• by Philip, son of Herod. III. priua Jol, 
capital of Mauritania Csesar., on the coast, 
bet. Tipasa and Gunugio (12). Renamed 
bv Juba. A colonia of Claudius. Vacur, 

• IV. priua Turris Stratonis, a dty of Sa- 
maria, on the coast, s.w. of Megiddo. 
Renovated and renamed by Herod. The 

• birth-place of Eusebius. A colonia (Prima 
Flavit^. Kaiaarieh, V. Bithynise, i. q. 

*^ Helgas. VI. Cappadociee, i. q. Mazaca. 

VII. Ciliciee, i. q. Anazarba. VIII. Lydise, 

i. q. Hiero Csesarea. 
CiESARiANA (Csesarina), I. a town of Lu- 
i cania, onTanager fl., towards its source, bet. 

Marcelliaua (14) and Nerulum (28), on 

Via Aquilia. Casal Nuovo, II. of the 

Amanlini, Pannonia, bet. Osones and 

Mogetiana. 
Cjssarobriga, a town of the Vettones, 

Lusitan., on the Tagus. 
C^sarodunum, postea Turones, capital of 

the Turones, Lugdunensis III., on the 

Rhone, L., bet. Robrica and Tasdaca. Tours, 
CiBSARdMlGUS, I. posiea Bellovad, capital 

of the Bellovad, Belgica II., bet. Curmi- 

• liaca N.w. and Litanobriga s.k. Beauvais. 
II. a town of the Trinobantes, Brit., bet. 
Canonium and Durolitum. Widford, near 
Colchester, 

CiESENA, sumamed Curva, a town of Gallia 

• Cispadana, on Sapis fl., R., bet. Forum 
Popilii (6) and Compitum (6). Cesena. 



CiESi A silva, a forest of Germania Magna, on 
the Luppia. Hdserwald, 

C^si.<E httus, the coast of Corsica n., bet. 
Attium prom, and Tilox prom. 

C^sius fl., a r. of Asia, separating Albania 
from Sarmatia Asiatica, and falling into 
the Caspian. 

C^TB ins., an isl. on the n. coast of Crete, 
over against Cydonia. San Teodoro, 

C^TOBRix, a town of Lusitania^ 3 m. w. 
from Salada. 

Cagulatje, a people of Arabia, under Climax 
m., contiguous to the Elamitee. TVibe of 
Beni Kholan, 

Cahaletus, a town of the Sellitse, Thrac^ 
on Hsemus m., bet. Soatrse and Anchialus. 

Caicandrus ins., an isl. of Persia, off Ila. 

Caicinus fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 
Siculum mare, 10 m. w. from Herculeum 
prom. The boundary of the territories of 
Locria and Rhegium. On its Locrian side 
the Cica4ae were always chirping ; on the 
other bank always mute. The death-place 
of Euthymus. Amendolea, 

Caicus fl., a r. of Mysia, rising in Temnus 
m. and falling into Elaeaticus sin., 3 m. s. 
of Elsea. Aksou or Bakirchay. 

Caieta, a town of the Ausones, Latium, at 
Caietanum prom., s. of Formiae. A Lace- 
daemonian settlement. Named from the 
nurse of iEneas buried there, or rather 
from the Spartan word iaiata " cavern,*' 
Gaeta, 

Caietanum prom., a pr. of Latium, at the n. 
entrance of Formianus sin. The burial- 
place of iEneas' nurse. 

Caietanus sinus, i. q. Formianus. 

Cainas fl., a r. of India i. Gangem, rising 
in Vindius m. and (formerly) felling into 
the Ganges below its junction with Sitto- 
cads fl. Kan. 

Caisa, a town of Amordoda, Babylonia, s.w. 
of Orrhoe. 

Calabantia, a maritime village of Lyda, 6 
m. from Perdidse. 

Calabria, the country of the Calabri, a tribe 
of Japyges, settled in the e. of Japygia, 
extending along the Adriatic from Turris 
Aureliana to Portus Tarentinus. Terra di 
Lecce, 

Calachene (Caladna), a district of Adia- 
bene, Assyria, on the Tigris, n. of Aturia. 

Calacta, a maritime town of Sicily, n. bet. 
Chydas fl. and Alsesa. Named from its 
beautiful coast scenery. Near Caronia, 

Calada fl., a r. of Zeugitana, falling into 
the Mediterranean at Tunis. 

CALiE6iA,a town of the Calucones,Germaniay 
s.B. of MeUbocum. Wittemberg 1 

CalXgum, a town of the Meldi, LugduneQSA& 



CAL 



86 



CAL 



IV.) bet. Jatmum n.w. and Riobe s.w. 

Chailly, 
Calagurris (Calagorina), sumamed Na- 

sica, I. capital of the Vascones, Tarraco- 
. nensis, on the Ibems, R., above Grecurris. 

A colonia (Julia). Memorable for the 

famine it underwent in the Sertorian war. 

The birth-place of Quintilian. Calahorra. 

II. of the Vescitani, Tarraconensis, bet. 
. Jacca N. and Osca 8. Sumamed flbula- 

rensis from the Fibulae manufactured there. 

Loarra, III. a town of the Volcse Tecto- 

sages, Narbonensis, on the Garumna, bet. 

Yemasole and Lugdunum. 
Oalama, I. a town of the Ichthyophagi, 

Gedros.) bet. Cissa and Bagisara. Calamat, 

II. of Mauritania Caesariensis, on Mulucha 
fL.y towards its mouth. Calaat el Wad ? 

III. of Numidia, on Rubricatus fl.y 'R., 
above Tagaste. Crelma. 

Calamje, a village of Mess^iia, w. of 

Lymnae. Calamata. 
Calamatius m.t a m. of liucania, near 

Psestum. Monte Capaccio. 
Calami, a port of Samos, over against Pa- 

nionium. 
Calamissus, a town of the Locri Ozolse, 

near Olpse. Calamitir. 
Calamus, a port of Phoenicia, on Rison fl., 

3 m. s. from Sicaminos. 
Calamtdes, a town on the s. coast of Crete, 

bet. Lissus and Tarrha. Colami, 
Calanthia, a village of Cilida Trachea, 12 

m. N.E. from Sebaste. 
Calarna (Turris Calamea), a fortress of 

Chalcidice, Macedonia, on Strymon fl., 

N.w. of Acanthus. 
Calasarna, a town of Bruttium, near the 

source of Crimisa fl. Campana. 
Calathai (Khaulothaei), a people of Ara- 
bia, s.w. of the mouth of the Euphrates. 

Tribe of Bent Kheded. 
Calathana, a town of Dolopia, Thessaly, 

8.E. of Theoma. 
Calathe ins. (Galata), an isl. of AMca, off 

Tabraca. Galita. 
Calathios m., a m. of Messepia, near 

Gerenia, in which was a remarkable cavern. 

Kalathi. 
Calathua, capital of the Calathsei, Arabia, 

w. of Jucara. 
Calatia (Galatia), I. a town of Campania, 

on Via Appia, bet. Capua (6) and Ad Novas 

(3), w.N.w. of Caudium. A colonia of 

Sylla and again of Julius Caesar. Galazze, 

II. potius Caiatia, of the Pentri, Samnium, 

s. of Compulteria. Cajazzo. 
Calauria ins., an isl. of Argolis, in Saroni- 

cus sin., over against Pogon portus. Ex- 
V changed by Latooiawith Neptune for Delos. 



The death-place of Demosthenes. Me de9 
Coreaires. 

Calbis fl., L q. Chaus. 

Calbium prom., a pr. of the UneUi, Logdu* 
nensis, over against Sena ins. Ct^ 
Raz, 

Calcaria, L a town of the Brigantes, 8. of 
Eboracum (9). Tadcaster. II. of the 
Anatili, Narbonensis, on Astromela stag- 
num, N.w. of Solarium. Calissane. 

Calceus Herculis, a town of Numidia, bet. 
Ad Duo Flumina and Aquae Herculis. 

Calchedon (Procerastes, Colpusa), a dty of 
Bithynia, at the s. extremity of Bosporus 
Thradus. Enlarged by a colony from 
Megara Nisaea 732 b.c. Noted for it^ 
brass manufEU^tures, whence the namCt 
Kadikeui, 

Calb, a demus of Attica. II. (Portos Calei 
Portus Portus), a port of the Bracari, Tar- 
raconensis, at tjie mouth, R., of Durius fl.f 
35 m. s.w. from Bracara Augusta. It 
gave name to Portugal. Oj^to {The 
Port). III. of Mysia, towards Veatpasaaru 
IV. of the Parisii, Lugdunensis IV., on 
Matrona fl., bet Jatinum and Lutetia. V* 
sumamed Parembole, of the Byzeres, Pon- 
tus, at the mouth of Cidos fl. 

Calecome, a town of Chalybonitis, Syiisi 
bet. Bathnae and Chalds. 

Caledonia, the Latin form of Cael-doehf 
"land of the Gael." 

Caledonii, a people of Britannia Barbanii 
extending across the island s.w. to N.E., 
from LeUnnonius sin. to Vara JEstaar, 

CXlela, a town of Apulia, s.w. of Larinum. 
Casa Calenda. 

Calenda, a town of the Vaocaei, Tairaco- 
nensis, n.e. of Siptemanca. 

Calenderis, a town of Argolis, on Pagon 
portus. 

Calentum, a town of tiie Turtuli, Baeticay 
n.w. of Lacomurgi. 

CIles (Calex), I. a r. of Bithynia, rising in 
H3rpius m. and falling into the Euxine at 
Cales. II. a town of the Auaones, and 

• afterwards of the Sididni, Campania, on 
Via Latina, bet. Teanum (4) and Casilinum 
(7)* A colonia, 333 b.c., and munidpium* 
The emporium of the Falemian wine. 
Calvi. III. an emporium of Bithynia, on 
the Euxine, at the mouth of Cales fl., 15 
m. from. Elaea. 

Calesia, a town of the Diduni, Grermaniai 
bet. Setidava and Leucaristus. KtUisch. 

Calethe, a town of the Turtetani, Baetica, 
bet. Asindum w.n.w. and Carteia. 

Caleti, a people of Lugdunensis II., on the 
coast, bet. the Sequana and the Phrudis ffl. 
Patfe de Caux* 



CAL 



87 



CAL 



Caxigara, a port of the Sinse. 
Cajlinapaxa, a town of India L Gangem, 

2 m. from the Ganges, 167 m. below 

Rhodopha. Canouge, 
Cajlinda, Cans, i. q. Calymna. 
Caling^, a maritime people of India i. 

Gangem, bet. T3rndis fl. and Ganges fl. 
Calingii, a people of Arabia Felix, s.e. of 

Zames m. Tribe of Bent Kaled, 
Calingum, capital of the Calingse, India, on 

Tyndis fl. Cullo. II. prom., a pr. of the 

Calingse, India. Gordewar, 
Cauordi, a people of Taurica Chersonesus. 
Caliti, a people of Africa, towards the 

Nubse. 
Caixjsci (CaU&id, Gallseci), a people of 

Tarraconensis, bet. Cantabricum mare n., 

Durius fl. s., the Atlantic w., and the 

Asturea e. Entre Minho e MinkOj TVas 

OS Monies, GaliiciOf and portions of As- 

iuria and Leon. 
CALLAMiBON prom. (CallinacTon), a pr. of 

Marmarica, 5 m. w. of Laodamantius 

portns. 
CALiiAS fl., a r. of Euboea, fidling into the 

/Tlgftan at Histisea. 
Caulatis (Callatia, Cerastia), a town of the 

Crobyzi, Moesia, on the Eoxine, bet. Tomi 

(30) and Tetrisia. A mixed Milesian and 

Megarensian people. 
Caxleva (Calcua), capital of the Atrebatii, 

Britan., bet. . Venta Belgarum and Ad 

Pontes. Silchester. 
Cauam, a people of Arcadia, towards Me- 

thjdrium. 
Caxlianb (Calliena), a port of India i. 

Gangem, bet. Simylla and Harmagara. 

Surcd. 
Calliarus, an inland town of the Locri 

Epicnemedii, extinct in Strabo's time. 
Callibetus, a town of Lydia, near Mseander 

fl., N. of Tripolis. Noted for its confec- 
tionary. Eski Kaleh, 
Callica, a town of Bithynia, near Nicome- 

dia. 
•Caulic^ni, a tribe of Dassaretse, Illyria, on 

the 8.W. shore of Lychnitis palus. 
Callichorus fl., I. a stream of Elensis, 

Attica, at which the female votaries as- 
sembled. II. of Bithynia, fitlling into the 

Euxine, e. of Sandaraca. 
Callicone oollis, a hill of Troas, near Troja 

Vetas, on Simois fl., whence Mars ani- 
mated the Trojans. 
Callicula m. (Eribanus), a ridge of m. in 

Italy, separating Campania from Samninm. 
Callidromus m., the highest summit of 

^ta m., near Thermopyls. 
Callif^, a town of the Pentri, Samninm, 
^ b m. s.K. of Allifse. Calvisi. 



Callioeris, a town of Ariaca, India, bet* 

Bsetana and Hippocura. Calliani. 
Callioicum prom.. Indite, i. q. Cory. 
Calluiache, a port of Caria, 7 m. from 

Diedala. 
Callinicum, Mesopotamia, i. q. Nicepho- 

rium. 
Callipeuce saltus, a pass of Olympus m.y 

towards libethra. Pieria. 
CALLiPiDiS, a people of Sarmatia, e. on both 

sides the Borysthenes, towards its mouth. 
Callipolis, ''beautiful city,'' I. ^toliSBy 

i. q. Gallium. II. of Bitli]^^ on Cras- 

pedites sin. A colony £rom Msegara- 

Nisea, drca 700 b.c. III. of Caria, on 

Ceramicus sin. GalUpoli. TV. of Cilicia 

Campestris, s.w. of Cucusus. Y. of the 

Sallentini, Japygia, onTarentinus sin., n.w. 

of Leuca. Founded by a Lacedaemonian 

colonia under Leudppus. GalUpoli. VI. 

of Sicily, above Argenum prom. VII. of 

Thracia Chersonesus, 5 m. n.e. from 

JSgos Potamos. Traditionally founded by 

Callias, the Athenian. GalUpoli. 
Callipos fl., a r. of Lusitania, foiling into 

the Mediterraneans, of Cetobriga. Caldao : 

Sadao. 
Callipo, a town of the Lusitani, on Callipb 

fl., N.E. of Ebura. 
Callirrhoe, "fine fountain," a town of 

Mesopotamia, i. q. Edessa. II. (Lasa), of 

Persea, near tiie Dead Sea, s.w. of H»Bh- 

bon. 
Callis, a town of Pentapolis Cyrenaic8B| 

bet. Barca and Ceenopolis. 
C alliste, an early name of Thera ins. 
Callistratia (Marsilla), a port of Paphla- 

gonia, 3 m. e. from Carambis. 
Callithera, a town of Bisaltia, MacedoniSi 

N.w. of Ossa. Likovan. 
Gallium (Callise, Callipolis), a town of 

iEtolia, towards Heradea Trachynia. 
Calloniana (Caulonia), a town of Sidly, 

on Himera Magna fl., L., bet. Corconiana 

(12) and Enna. 
Callmusa prom., a pr. of Cyprus, w. of 

Soloe. 
Callydium (Clanudda), a fortress of Lydia, 

35 m. from Philadelphia. 
Calne, Calno, Canneh, i. q. Ctesiphon, 

Babylonise. 
Calob, a viUage of Lydia, near Hypaepa. 

Caliveh Khan. 
Calogr^a, a fortress of Bithynia, at one of 

the passes of Olympus m. 
Calolimen, " iiiir haven," a port on the s. 

coast of Crete, w. of Leon prom. Calo* 

limonia. 
Calon-stoma. Danubii, L q. Pulchmm Ofl- 

tiumj 



CAL 



88 



CAM 



Calor, I. a r. of Lucania, rising s. of Mar- 
celliana and falling into Silaros fl. below 
Ad Silamm. Colore, II. of Samnium, 
rising in Balade m. n.e. of Aceronia Lu- 
canise and idling into Vultumus fl. above 
Sylte. Calore. III. a town of the Hirpini, 
Samnium, on Calor fl., L., bet. Nuceriola 
(6) and Eclanum (5), on Via Appia. Co- 
lore. 

Calos fl.| I. a-Tr-fii Pontos, falling into the 
Euxine 3 m. e. from Psychrus fl. 

Calos fortus, a town of the Hylaei Sarma- 
tia, at the mouth of Carcinis fl., R. 

Calpe, I. a pr. of Baetica, on Herculeum 
Fretum, e. The European pillar of 
Hercules. Cape Gibroliar, II. a town of 
Bsetica, at Calpeprom. A colonia (Juha). 
Gibroltor. III. a pr. of Bithynia, w. of 
Prusa ins. Kirpeh, IV. of Bithynia, at 
Calpe prom. Btuadche, 

Calpitus fl., a r. of Phrygia, towards Par- 
nassus. 

-Calpurniana, a town of theTurtuH, Bsetica, 
bet. Corduba (25) and Obidco. 

Caltiorissa (Callorissa), a town of Armenia 
Minor, bet. Seleoboria (15) and Analiba 
(24). 

Calucones, I. a tribe of Hermunduri, Ger- 
mania, on Albis fl., below the Bonochsemee. 
II. of Rhsetia, bet. the Rugusci and the 
Brixantes. Vol Colenca. 

Calus, a town of Arcadia, bet. Arsen fl., L., 
(3) and Thelpusa (5). 

Calvisiana, a town of Sicily, bet. Hybla 
(24) and Agrigentum (44). Butero. 

Caltcadnus fl., a r. of Cilicia Trachea, 
falling into the sea below Seleuda. duk- 
sou, or Koly Kod, 

Caltcadnus prom., Cilicia, i. q. Saipedon. 

Calydna ins., i. q. Calymna. 

Calydn^e ins., islets of Troas, bet. Tenedos 
and Sigseum. Kopperi. 

Calydnus, the early name of Thebes, in 
Boeotia, after king Calydnus. 

Calydon, a dty of ^tolia, near Evenus fl., 
7^ m. from the sea, 9 m. w. from Naupac- 
tus. The locality of the story of the 
Calydonian boar. 

Calydona, a town of the Ubii, Germania 
II., towards Agrippina colonia. In the 
For^t de Coldnoven, 

Calymna ins., an isl. in the Icarium mare, 
chief of the Calydnse ins., bet. Leros ins. 
and Cos ins. Noted for its honey. Co- 
limno. II. capital of the cognominal isL 
on the s. coast, e. of Notium. 

Calynda, a town of Caria, near the junction 
of Indus fl. with Axon fl., n.w. of Daedala. 

'Calyndici m., m. of Caria, at Calynda, on 
Indus a,, R. 



Calypso ins., a fisibulous isl. placed by Scylax 

off Ladnium prom., Italia. 
CAMALA,a town of the Astures, Tarraconen- 

sis, n.e. of Pallantia. 
Camara, a town of Crete, on Didymi sin. w.^ 

2 m. s. from Olus. 
Camaracum, a town of the Nervii, Belgica 

II., on the Scaldis, bet. Nemetacum w.n.w; 

and Hermomacum e.n.e. Cambray. 
Camaria ins., an isl. formed by Ostium 

Hispanicum and Ostium Metapinum Rho- 

dani. 
Camatullicini, a maritime tribe of Salyesr, 

Narbonensis, s. of the Verrudni. About 

Romoiuelle. 
Cambadene (Kapada), a district of Media. 

Magna, occupying its s.w. angle. 
Cambala, a town of Armenia Int., n. ot 

Theodosopolis. 
Cambalidus m., m. of Susiana, n.e. 
Camberichum ostium, a mouth of the Gan- 
ges, bet. Magnum ost. and Pseudostomum 

ost. 
Cambete, a town of the Raurad, Germania 

I., on the Rhine, above Stabula. Kembt. 
Cambetum, a town of the Lucenses, Taira- 

conensis, at the mouth L. of Ulla fl., bet 

Orium prom. n. and NoUa s. 
Cambiovences, a people of Gaul, of uncer- 
tain position. Placed by Valois about 

Combrailles, in the Diocese of Limoges. > 
Cambodunum, I. (Camulodunum), a town 

of the Brigantes, Brit., bet. Eboracom 

and Mancunium. II. capital of the £» 

tiones, Vindel., on Ilargus fl., s.w. of 

Augusta Vindelicorum. Kempten, 
Cambolectri, a people of Vienn^isis, bet. 

the Vocontii and the Tricorii. 
Cambonum, capital of the Cambolectri^ 

Viennensis, bet. Dea Vocontiorum and 

Vapincum. Laconibe ? 
Camboricum, a town of the Iceni, Brit., on 

Devana Via, n.w. of Camulodunum. Cam' 

bfidge. 
Cambrea, a town of Chalddice, Macedonia, 

on Thermaicus sin., bet. lisee and Lipaxus. 
Cambretonium, a town of the Iceni, s.w. 

of Sitomagus. Grundesburgh, ^ 

Cambunii m., m. separating Macedonia from 

Thessaly, and extending from Pindus m. 

to Olympus m. 
Cambunius saltus (Volustana), a defile in 

Cambunii m., bet. Pelagonia and Macedonia 

Volutza, 
Cambys ostium (Cambusum), the w. moutii 

of the Ganges. 
Cambysene, a district of Albania, on the 

confines of Armenia Maj., bet. Cyrus fl. 

and Alazonius fl. Kokethu 
Cambyses fl., I. a r. of Cambysene, Albania^ 



CAM 



89 



CAN 



rising in Caucasus m., and falling into 
Alazonius fl. near its junction with Cyrus 
.fl. Jori, II. of Me^i falling into the 
Caspian s. of Cyrus fl. Astara, 

Cambtsis ^barium, a fortress of the 
Nubae, on the Nile, bet. Aboccis and Er- 
choas (6 geog. m.), where Cambyses de- 

. posited his miUtary ch^st, on his expedition 
into Nubia. Dubdi. 

Cambysu, a town of Egypt, on Ptolemseus 
fi,f towards Heroopolis. Founded by Cam- 
byses. 

Camechia, a town of Albania Asiat., bet. 
Albanus fl. and Cjrrus fl. 

Camelid^ ins., two islets of Ionia, off the 
mouth of Meeander fl. 

Cameliomagus, a town of the Ananes, Li- 
guria, on Via Posthumia, bet. Iria (16) 
and Placentia (25). CigomoL 

Camelobosci, a people of Carmania, on the 
borders of Persis, extending to Persicus 
sin. 

Camerina, priu9 Hyparia, a maritime town 
of Sicily, s. bet. Mesopotamium and Cimba. 
A Syracusan settlement. Near it was a 
cognominal marsh, the fatal consequences 
of draining which, against the advice of 
the oracle, gave rise to the proverb : Ne 

y nwvetu Camerinam. Torre di Camarina, 

Camerixum (Cameria), a town of Umbria, 

' on the borders of Picenum, s.b. of Matilica. 
A colonia. Camarana. 

Gamers, the Umbrian name of Clusium, 
Etmria. 

Camerte, a city of Umbria, midway bet. 

■ Tudes and Ameria. Camero, 

Camesbne, an early name of Latium, from 
Camese, sister and wife of Janus, or from 
the Eastern word camtu^ to lie hid. 

Cametas, a town of the Triballi, Moesia, on 

( Margus fl., R., bet. Prsesidium Basmum 
and Prsesidium Pompeii. 

Camina ins., one of the Sporades. 

CamIcus, I. fl., a r. of Sicily, falling into the 
sea w. of Agrigentnm. Naro, II. a Si- 
canian town of Sicily, at the mouth of 
Camicns fl. The residence of Cocalus, the 
murderer of Minos. Its citadel was built 
by Daedalus. 

Caminus, a maritime town of Cyrenaica, n. 
bet. Diachersis and Boreum. 

CamYrus, I. an early name of Hierapytna, 
Crete. II. a town of Rhodes, on the n.w. 
coast. Founded by Camirus, son of Cer- 
caphus. The birth-place of the poet Pi- 
sander. Camiro, 

CamIsa (Comassa), capital of Camisene, 
Pontns, on Halya fl., bet. Sebastia (24) 
sad Zara. 

Camisxnx i^gio» a diatricfc of Pontosi on 



Halys fl., at its source, n.e. of Colopene 
regio. 

Camistrum, a town of the Moesi, Moesia 
Inferior, on the Danube, bet. Ciabrus and 
Regianum. 

Campjs (Cambe), a town of Cilicia prefect., 
Cappadoda, bet. Mazaea (16) and Siva (22)*. 

CAMPiE, Germanicse, i. q. Adrabsecampi. 

Campania, "open country," a region of 
Italy, bounded n. by Latium, s. by Luca- 
nia, at Silarus fl., w. by Tyrrhen. mare, 
E. by Samnium, at Tifata m. Occupied 
first by the Osci; next by the Tjrrrhenf, 
who founded here, also, twelve chief cities ; 
and, lastly, by a mixed population of Osd, 
Tyrrheni, Samnites, and Greeks. Terra di 
Lavoro, 

Camp ANUS sin., Campanise, i. q. Cumanus. 

Campi Canini, a valley of the Mesiates, id 
Rhsetia Transpadana, on the Rhine, to- 
wards Verbanus lacus. Graubundten, 

Campi Lapidei, vel Lapidarii, a plain of 
shingle in Viennensis, bet. Astromela 
Stagnum and the Rhone. The scene of 
the fight bet. Hercules and Albion and 
B^rgion. La Crau, 

Campi Vbteres, a place in Lucania, near 
Potentia. The death-place of Tib. Grac- 
chus. Vietri. 

Campona, a town of Valeria, Pannonia, on 
the Danube, bet. Adncum and Salinum* 
Saint Endrif, 

Camponi, a tribe of Bigerrones, Novem Po- 
pulana, bet. the Convenes e., and the 
Osquidates. ValUe de Campan. 

Camps A (Capsa), a town of Chalddice, Ma- 
cedonia, on Thermaicus sin., near Combrea. 

Campus Magnus (Esdrelon Vallis), a dis- 
trict of Galilsea, on the confines of Samaria, 
bet. Mount Carmel w. and the Jordan e. 

Campus Serbnus, a district of Thrace, on 
the left bank of Agrianes fl., towards its 
source. 

Camptlus fl., a r. of Aperantia, JStolia, 
falling into Achelous fl. Carpenitze. 

Camulodunum (Camaldonum), capital of 
the Trinobantes, n.w. of Csesaromagua. 
Colchester, 

Camuni, a tribe of Eugand, in Gall. Cispad., 
about the source of OUius fl., n. of Sebinus 
lac. Vol Camonica, 

Cana, I. a r. of Palestine, falling into the 
Mediterranean s. of Csesarea. The boun- 
dary bet. Ephraim and Manasseh. Nahr 
el Kasab. II. a town of Palestine, near 
Dio Csesarea. The locality of the miracte 
of water turned into wine. The birth-place 
of Simeon Canaanites and of Nathaniel. 
Kanael JeliL III. a town of Asher, Pho©. 
nida, aear Sidoiu 



CAN 



90 



CAN 



Canaan, "lowlands," generally Palestine; 
specially, the coast of Phoenicia. Named 
from Canaan, son of Ham. 
Canabiaca, a town of the Boil, Noricum, 
on the Danube, bet. Namare and Arriana 
Castra. 
Canaca, a town of Baeturia, Hispania, on 

the Anas. San Lucar, 
Can^, I. a pr. of .£olis Asiatica, at the 
entrance of Eleaticus sinus. C. Colonni, 
II. a town of .£olis Asiatica, at Canse 
prom. A Locrian settlement. 
Canagara, a maritime town of the Calingae, 
India, 6 geog. m. s. from Manada fl. 
Canara. 
Canalicum, a town of the Epanterii, Li- 
guria, on Via ^Emilia Scaura, bet. Vada 
Sabata (12) and Crixia (10). Carcaro, 
Canalis Regius, a canal of Lower Egypt, 
leading from Bubasticus fl. above Patumos, 
by Heroopolis to Thaubastum. 
Canalovii m., a n. continuation of Pindus, 
bounding Elymaea w., terminating in Be- 
recetius m. 
Canama, a town of the Turtuli, Bsetica, on 

the Baetis, above Italica. 
Canaria ins.y one of the Fortunse ins., 

Africse. 
Canasis (Canthadis, Canate), a port of Gre- 
drosia, on Paragon sin., bet. Samydace 
and TVoca. 
CANASTRiEUM prom., the s.e. extremity of 
Pallene, Macedonia, over against Derrhis 
prom. C Palliouri. 
Canatha, I. (Kenath), a town of Manasseh, 
in Trachonitis, n.n.e. of Bostra. Coneith. 
II. ins., an isl. of India i. Gangem, s. of 
Yangania ins. 
Candace, Arise, i. q. Cotace. 
Candalicje, a town of the Taurisd, in Nori- 
cum, 20 m. N.E. from Vinmum. Frie- 
sack. 
Candava Via, the Egnatia Via, on its pas- 
sage over Candavii m. 
Candavia, a town of the Eordeti, Illyria, 
near Genusus fl., bet. Ad Dianam (2) and 
Tres Tabemse (9). 
Candavii m., a ridge of Canalovii m., 
Illyria, encircling Lychnitis pal., and sepa- 
rating Dassaretia from Lyncus. Crasta. 
Candidiana, a town of the Getse, Moesia, 
on the Danube, bet. Nigriniana and Trans- 
marisca. 
• Candianus fl., a r. of Gallia Cispadana, 
falling into the Adriatic at Portus Classis. 
Candidum prom., the 8. extremity of Africa 
Prop., N.w. of Hippo Dyanfaitis. Baa el 
Abiad. 
Candipatna, a town of the Arvamiy India, 
on Tynna fl., R., n. of Poleor. 



Canelata, a town of Sicily, near Cen- 

turinum oppidum. Torre di Farinole, 
Candtba, a town of Lyda, s.s. of Chonuu 
Cane, I. a port of the Adramitse, w. of 
Prionotus sin., over against Aromaia prom. 
Africse n.w. Huasan Ghorabf Cana'Caninu 

II. a town of Phrygia, near Pessinus. Kahe, 

III. a village of the Tectosages, Galatia, s. 
of Cratia. 

Canentelus fl., a r. of Aquitania IL, fidling 

into the sea n. of Carantonus fl. Sevre. 
Canethus m., a hill of Euboea, at Chalds. 
Canganorum prom., a pr. of the Cangi, 

Brit., s.w. of Monains. CapeBraichy PwU. 
Cangi, a tribe of Ordovices, in the n.w. angle 

of Britannia II. 
CANicuLARiiE ius., islets of Sardinia, in 

Fretum Gallicum. 
Canina Ins., an isL of Gedrosiay off Bagi- 

sara. 
Caninefates (Cannane&tes), a tribe of Ba- 

tavi, bet. Helium ostium and Flevom 

ostium. 
Canis fl., a r. of Arabia Felix, falling into 

Persicus sin. e. of Cabana. Zar or Lar 

("dog"). 
Canna (Cama), a town of Lycaonia, n.w. of 

loonium. 
Cannaba, a town of Osriioene, Mesopotf 

bet. Apamea and Bethmari 
CANNiB, a village of Daunia, ApnL, near 

AuMus fl., L., bet. Canusium (5) and the 

sea. Destroyed, all but its citadel, 215 

B.C., the year before the great battle which 

celebrates its name. Canne. 
C ANN ARUM prom., a pr. of Mauritania Ting., 

on the Mediterranean, bet. Parietina and 

Russadir. 
Canogiza, a town of the Taooraei, IndiSy on 

(Edanes fl., R. 
Canonium, a town of the Trinobantes, Briii 

n.e. of Caesaromagus. Near Kelvedon. 
Canopicum ostium Nili (Heradioticum^ 

the w. mouth of the Nile, bet. Canopos 

and Alexandria. Maadi^, 
Canopissjs, a maritime town of Zeugitana, 

above Tabraca. 
Can5pus (Canobus), a maritime city of 

Lower Egypt, bet. Alexandria (12) and 

Canopicum ostium. Built drea IIOOB.C.9 

and named from Canopus, the steersman 

of Menelaus, buried there. Noted for its 

Temple of Serapis. Near Ahoukir. 
Cantabras fl., Indise, i. q. Hydraotea. 
Canraitjs, Arabiee, i. q. Cedrei. 
Cantabri, a maritime people of Tarra- 

conensis, on the Iberus, towards its moa^ 

Biscay and part qfAtturia, 
Cantabricum mare, the sea washing the 

N. coast of Spain. Bay qf Biscay* 



CAN 



91 



CAP 



Cantje, a people of Britannia Barbara, n. of 
the Caledonii. Bet. Murray Frith and 
Dornoch Frith. 

Cantanus, a town of Crete, on Lend m., 
bet. Calamydes and Cydonia. Candano. 

Canteci, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, on 
Ocfaarius fl. 

Cantekius mons, a m. of Sabiniom, near 
Reate. Monte San Giovanni, 

Cantha&ium prom., the w. extremity of 
Samos, over against Icarus ins. C. Do- 
minieo. 

Canthabolsthron, a place near Olynthus, 
Macedonia. ■ Reputed &tal to black beetles. 

Canthi sin., a bay of Indicns Oceanus, e. of 
the mouth of the Indus. Gulf of dutch, 

Cantii {Celtic^ Canti, "end"), a pe(^le 
occupying the s. portion of Britannia I., 
E. of the RegnL Kent and E, Surrey, 

Cantilia, a town of the Arvemi, Aquitania 
I., N. of Augustonemetum. 

Cantiobis, a town of the Cenni, Germania, 
s.E. of Bergimn. Near Windsheim. 

Caktium (Acantium) prom., the n.k. extre- 
mity of Britannia. N, Foreland, 

Cantocapt^, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, 
towards Maeotis palus. 

Cantjsium, a Gredc city of Daunia, Apulia, 
on Aufidus fl., R., 12 m. from its mouth, 
bet. Ad Undedm (11) and Rudise. A 
oolonia of Hadrian, Noted for its red 
shining wool. 

Capara, a town of the Vetto&es, Lusitania, 
V, of Rusticiana. Venia de Ct^arra, 

Capena, a drty of Etruria, 5 m. s.e. of 
Soracte m. A Veian settlement. Ctvi" 
iueula. 

Cafercoli A, a town of Samaria, bet. Ciesarea 
and Gineas. 

Capedunum, a town of the Soordisciy Fan- 
nonia. 

CAPELLAia7M, Germanis, L q. Palas. 

Capernaum, a town of Galilsea, on Tiberias 
lac., N.w. above Tiberias. Named from an 
adjacent spring of very pure water, deemed 
by Josephns a vein of the Nile. Khan 
Minyeh. 

Capersana, Mesopotamia, i. q. Porsica. 

Cafxus sin., a bay of Persicus sin., in Arabia, 
8. of Magomm sin. Bohr Katiff, 

Caphareus prom., the s.e. h^land of 
Euboea, n.w. of Andros ins. Noted for 
the destruction of the Greek fleet on its 
return from Troy. C. d^Oro, 

Caphas m., m. of Libya Inf., s. (^Mandronm. 

Caphtorim (Cophtoim, Caphtoree), Egyp- 
tians, from Coptos, who, with the Philis- 
tine, occupied the coast of Palestine bet. 
Joppa and Egypt. 

Capbyjb, a town of Arcadia, w.of Oicho- 



menus. Built by Capys, &ther of An- 
cMses. 

Capidava, a town of Moesia Inf., on the 
Danube, bet. Carsum and Aziopolis. 

Capissa, capital of Capissene, Arachosia. 
Destroyed by Cyrus. Peshawar, 

Capissene, a district of Arachosia, towards 
Paropamisus m., on the Indus. Piahia* 
uwada, Peshawur, 

Capitium, a town of Sicily, n.n.w. of Gahu 
rina. Capizzi, 

Capitolias, a town of Gaulonitis Sup., 16 
m. N. of Adraha. Mezareit. 

Capitoniana, a town of Sicily, on Eryx fl., 
bet. Grelasium Philosophiana and Catana 
(24). Near Ramaceo. 

Capitulum, a town of the Hemid, Latium, 
bet. Prseneste and Anagnia. A colonia of 
Sylla. Paliano, 

Capotes m., a ridge of Antitauras m., Ar- 
menia Maj. Kapoit, 

Cafpadocia (Magna Cappadoda), a ooontry 
of Asia Minor, bounded n. by Galatia and 
Pontus, s. by Pamphylia and Cilida, w. 
by Pisidia and Phrygia, b. by Armenia 
Minor. It, at one time, comprised Pontus, 
Armenia Minor, and a portion of Cilida* 
Named from Cappadox fl. 

Cappadox fl., a r. of Cappadoda, falling into 
Halys fl., R., above Siva, partially sepa- 
rating GkJatia from Cappadocaa. Erku» 
rous, 

Capraria ins. (.^gilon, " goat island"), 
I. an isL of Africa, s. of Junonis ins* 
Cromera, II. one of the Baleares ins., 12 
m. s. from Major ins. Cabrera, III. an 
isL of Etruria, n.w. of Ilva. Capraia* 
IV. a town of Numidia, bet. Tipasa and 
Tibilis. 

Caprasijs, a town of Lucania, on Via Aqui- 
lia, bet. Muranum (16) and Consentia (28). 
Tarsia, 

Caprasijs ostium, a month of Padus fl., 
bet. Spineticum ostium and Sagis ostium. 
Bocca di bel Occhio. 

Capre^ ins., an isL of Campania, w. of 
Snrrentinum prom. Capri, 

Capri A lac., a salt lake of Pamphylia, at the 
mouth of Cestrus fl. Capri, 

Caprianus m., m. of Sidly, s.w. above 
Thermae Selinuntiae. 

Caprus fl. (Zerbis, Adiaba), I. a r. of As- 
efn&, falling into the Tigris at Coense. 
Zab Atfalf Lesser Zab, II. of Phrygia 
Magna, foiling into Lycus fl. below Lao- 
dicea. Giumiskoi, III. an isl. of Chal- 
ddice, Macedonia, off Stagira. IV. portus, 
the harbour of Stagira, Macedonia. 

Capsa, I. a town of Byzacene, bet. Veresvi 
and Gemellfle. A treasure fortress of <I^« 



CAP 



92 



CAR 



gurtha, taken by Marius. A colonia. 
Cafsa, II. a town of Lybia Inf., near the 
source of the southern Bagradas. 

CXpua (Campua, " camp "), prius Vultur- 

. num, a dty of Campania, on Via Appia, 
bet. Casilinum (3 s.e.) and Calatia (6). 
Taken by Etruscans under Capys 800 
B.C. . A colonia. Infamous for its de- 
bauchery! Church of Santa Maria di 
Capooi near Capua (2 m. s.e.). 

Caput Bovis, I. a town of Dacia, w. of 
Caput Bubali. II. Bubali, a town of 
the Potulatenses, Bacia, near the source 

, of Bugonis fl., 3 m. from Azizis. BrebuL 
III. BuDELLi, a town of Mauritania Cae- 
sar., bet. Modolana and Culcul. IV. Cil- 

. liANi, a town of Mauritania Caesar., bet. 
Suffisar and Trinadi. V. Ttrsi, a village 
of the Carenses, in Sardinia, at the source 

■ of Tyrsus fl. VI. Vada, a maritime town 
of Byzacene, s. of Brachodes prom. Ca- 
poudia. 

Cababia, a town of Parazia, Macedonia, on 
the Axius fl., n.w. of Lete. Arabli. 

Carabis, a town of the Celtiberi, Tarra- 
conensis. 

Cabacates, a tribe of Vangiones, Ger- 
mania I., on the Rhine, s. of the Treveri. 

Caraceni (Carentini), a tribe of Samnites, 

• occupying the s. portion of Samnium, on 

. Sagrus fl. (whence it has been contended 
that their real name was Sarracini). 

Carada, Arabia, i. q. Codara. 

Cabadochi castrum, a town of the Ordo- 
vices, Brit., on Sabrina fl., on the site of 
an encampment of Caradoc. 

Cab^e, a town of Tarraoonensis, 12 m. s. 
from Pompelo. Puente de la Reyna, 

Cabal^e, a tribe of Sacse, Sogdiana, on the 
Jaxartes. 

CabXlis, capital of Sardinia, s., at the 
inner entrance e. of Carahtanum prom. 

. Founded by an .£olian colony under To- 

. laus; enlarged by a Carthaginian colony 
494 B.C. A municipium. Cagliari. 

CabalitInum prom., a pr. of Sardinia, s., 
at the E. entrance of Caralitanus sin. 

' Capo Sanf Elia. 

CabalitXnus sin., a bay of Tyrrhenium 
mare, at Caralis. Golfo di Cagliari. 

Cabalitis palus, I. a lake of Isanria, w. of 

. Iconium (14). Pusgusa ; Kereli. II. of 
Pisidia, on the borders of Lyda, n.w. of 
Isionda. 

CabalYa, a town of Isauria, at the n. ex- 
tremity of Caralitis lac. Kereli. 

Cabambis prom., a pr. of Paphlagonia, w. 
of Lepte prom. C Kerempi, 

'Cabambis, I. a town of Paphlagonia, at 
Carambis prom. II. fl., a r. of Sarmatia 



Europsea, felling into Septentrionalis Ocea- 
nus. Dwina. 

Cabana, Arabiae. Vide Carman. 

Cabanicum, a town of the Artabri, Tarra- 
conensis, on Magnus portus, s., bet. Mea- 
rus fl. and Vir fl. 

Cabanitis (Carenitis), a district of Arme- 
nia, s.w. of Chorzene. Karin. 

Cabantania (Carastasei), a people of Sar- 
matia Asiatica, towards Maeotis palus. ' 

Cab ANT AN UM, the early name of Noricum, 
as the abode of the Carantani, a Latin 
form of the Sclavonian designation of its 
population. Hence the modem Carinthia. 

Cabantomagus, a town of the Ruteui^ 
Aquitania I., bet. Varadetum w. and Sego- 
dunum e. 

Cabantonus fl., a r. of the Santones, Aqui- 
tania II., falling into the Atlantic at Ulia- 
rus ins. Charenie, 

CABASiB (Garites), a town of the Tarbelli, 
Novem Populana, bet. ^quae Tarbellicae 
N. and Ad Summum Pyrenaeum 8.8.W. 
Garis, 

Cabasuba, a town of the Odrysae, Thrace, 
bet. Cillium and Pala. 

Cabavantis, a town of the Cavil, lUyria, 
on Mathis fl., bet. iBneum and Dumiumr 

Cabayi, a town of the Celtiberi, Tanra- 
conensis, on the Iberus, R., above Malia. 

Cabba, a fortress of Cappadoda, bet. Casa- 
man and Ardula. 

Cabbie, Arabiae, i. q. Cerbani. 

Cabbantia, a town of the Segnsim, Gallia 
Cisalpina, 12 m. from Cottia. 

CabbantobYgum, a town of the Selgovae, 
Brit., towards the mouth of Novius fl., R. 
Kircudbright. 

Cabbia, a maritime town of the Coraoenses, 
Sardinia, bet. Bosa and Nymphaeus portua 
Algher, 

Carbina, a town of Calabria, near Coelinnfc 
Carovigno, 

Cabbis fl. (Cambil^, a r. of Gedrosia, frdling 
into the sea at Cissa. 

Cabbonabia ostium, a mouth of Padus fl., 
bet. Olane ost. and Fossa Philistina. Po cT 
Ariono, 

Cabbonabius m., a mountain of the Marsi, 
Italy, bet. Gravis m. (10) and Marrubinm 
(8). M, Carbonaro. 

Cabbula, a town of the Turtuli, BaetLca, on 
the Baetis, L., at the confluence of Sin- 
gulis fl. Near Guadalcazar. 

Cabca, a town of the Bastitani, Tarraco- 
nensis, s.s.w. of Ilunum. 

CabcIsso (Carc&sum), a town of the Volcae 
Tectosages, Narbonensis I., on the Ataac, 
L., bet. Ad Cedros and Tricesimum. Car- 
eauone. * 



CAR 



93 



CAR 



Carcici, a town of the Commoni, Narbonen- 
sis, on the coast; bet. Portus Zao w. and 
Citharista e.' 

Carcathiocerta, the early capital of So- 
phene, Armenia, near the source of the 
Tigris. Extinct in Ptolemy's time. 

CarchAi capital of the Ganunsei, Assyria, 
on the Tigris, n. of Antiochia. 

CarchedOi the Greek form of the Phoe- 
nician KEurth-hadtha, "new town/' Car^ 
thage. 

Carchemish, the Scriptural name of Cir- 
cesium, Mesopotamia. 

CarcYnb (Carcinitis)i a town of the Hylse, 
Sarmat., at the mouth of Cardnes fl. 

CarcinesA. (Hypacaris), I. ar. of Bruttium, 
N. of Scylacseum prom. Corace. II. a 

; town on Cardnes fl., near its mouth. 

Carcinites sin., a bay of the Euzine, at the 
mouth of Cardnes fl. G. ofPerekop. ' 

bARCOME, a maritime town of Mauritania 
Caesar., bet. Chinalaph fi, and Carepula. 

Carcorum regio, a district of India i. Gran- 

. gem, on Colchicus sin. 

Carcurium, a town of the Turtuli, Bseturih, 
N.E. of Cotinae. 

Cardaubna, the coast of Arabia Felix, on 
Duatus sin. Nahel. 

Cardamene ins., an isl. of Arabia Felix, on 
the Red Sea, s.w. of Pudnu. Habur, 

Cardamyls, I. a port of Chios ins., n.e. of 
Pelinseus m. Kardamili, II. of Messenia, 
on Messeniacus sin., e. below Abia. 

, Scardamoula, 

Cardia, "heart-shape'' (postea Hexami- 
Uon), a port of Thrada Cherson., near 
Ijysimachia. A mixed colony of Clazo- 
menians and Milesians. The birth-place 
of Hieronymus the historian. The ma- 
jority of its population were transferred to 
Lysimachia. 
Cardu, a town of Marmarica, bet. Gounia 

and Jucundise. 
Carduchi, i. q. Gordysei. 

Carei, a people of India i. Gangem, s., 
about Colchicus sin. 

Careia, a town of Etruria, on Larus fl., 
bet. Ad VI. (9) and Ad IX. (9), on Via 
Claudia. Golera. 
Careme, a town of .^lis Asiatica, w. of 

Peparene. Chirin-Keui. 
Careni, a maritime people of Britannia 
. Barbara, in its extreme n.e. angle, w. of 
. the Comayi. Sutherlandshiret N. 
Carenses, a maritime people of Sardinia, 

E. of the Balari, 
Carentini, apud Plin., i. q. Caraceni. 
Carentinum, a town of the Caraceni, on 

Sagros fl., R. Citta di Sangro. 
t^ABBNUscA; a town of the Mediomatrices, 



Belgica I., on the Mosella, bet. Ricdacum 
N.N.E., and Divodurum 8. 

Carepula, a maritime town of Mauritania 
Caesar., bet. Carcome and Cartenna. 

Cares A ins., one of the Lichades ins., Lo- 
cris. 

Caresene reg., the district about Caresus 
in Troas. 

Caresus (Carseae), a town of Troas, on 
Caresus fl. 

Caresus fl., a r. of Troas, rising near Mal- 
lus, and Mling into JSsepus fl. at Ca- 
resus. 

Cargiana, a town of Dacia, 15 m. n.w. 
from Optatiana. North of Czasz Regen. 

Caria, a country of Asia Minor, bounded 
N. by Lydia and Ionia, at Maeander fl., 
s. by the Mediterranean, w. by Ionium 
mare, e. by Phrygia and Lyda. Thd 
people, a mixed Phoenidan, Lelegian, and 
Ionian race (traditionally named from 
Car, brother of Lydus), were noted tot 
their skill in war and navigation. 3ft«n- 
tesha. 

Cariata, a town of Bactriana. The resi- 
dence of Callisthenes. 

Cariatha, Arabiae. Vide Carriata. 

Caricon, a town of Africa, towards Lixus fl. 

Carima, a town of the Tectosages, in Gra- 
latia. 

Carine, a town of Media Cambadene, bet. 
Corma and Zagri portae. 

Carini, Germaniae, i. q. Varini. 

Cariones, a people of Sarmatia E., on the 
Danube,' L. 

Caripeta, Arabiae, i. q. Carriata. 

Caripksa, a town of Parthia, near the 
source of Socanaa fl. 

CarIrin (" shelter"), the Phoenician name 
of CaraUs, in Sardinia. 

Caris fl., a r. of Gaul, rising among the 
Bituriges Cubi, and falling into the Liger 
w. of Caesarodunum. Cher, 

Carissa, I. a town of the Trocmi, Galatia, 
bet. Etonea and Amasia. II. of the Tur- 
tetani, Baetica, bet. Nebrissa n.b. and 
Colobona s.s.w. 

Caristi (Carieti), a tribe of Cantabri, Tar- 
raconensis, bet. the Iberus s., the sea N., 
the Autrigones w., and the Varduli e. 
Part of Biscay, 

Caristum, the early capital of the Statielli, 
liguria, s. of Aquae Statiellse. Cartoso, 

Caritni, a tribe of Alemanni, Germ., bet. 
the Rhine and Niter fl., s. of Intuergi. 

Carius m., a m. of Lydia, overlooking Tor- 
rhebus. 

Carlina, an inland town of Venetia. 

C ARMAGH, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica i 
towards Maeotis palos. 



CAR 



94 



CAR 



Carmalas fl., a r. of Cataonia, rising in Au- 

titaurusi and falling into Pyramns fl. above 

Arabissus. KermeUSou. 
Carman regia, capital of the Minaei, Anbia, 

E.s.E. of Maooraba. Kam-al-ManziL 
Carmana, capital of Carmania, n.w. of 

Apamea Raphane. Kherman, 
Carmania, a country of Asia, bounded n. 

by Parthia, s. by Persicus sin. and Paragon 

fiin., w. by Persia, e. by Drangiana and 

Gedrosia. Noted for its large grapes. 

Kermanf Lariatan E,, and Moghistan, 
Carmania Deserta, the n. portion of 

Carmania. 
Carmanorius m.y the eaily name of Tmo- 

lus m. 
Carmara, a town of the Arvamiy India, 

8.W. of Malanga. 
Carmel, a town of Judah, 10 m. 8. from 

Hebron. The abode of Nabal. El Car- 
mel. 
Carmelum prom., the termination of Car- 

melus m., in the Mediterranean, 15 m. 

s.w. of Acco. Cape Carmel. 
Carmelus m., m. of Gralilsea Snp., parallel 

s. with Kison fl., terminating in Carmel 

prom. Carmel. 
Carmbltssus, a fortress of Lyeia, on the 

coast, near Telmissus. 
Carminianum, a town of Messapia, s.w. of 

Lupia. It became, together with its forest 

and territory, annexed to the privy purse 

of the Emperors. Carmignano. 
Carminna ins. (Carmana), an isl. of India. 
Carmona, a town of the Turtetani, Bsetica, 

bet. Ilipula Minor N.E., and BasiUppo 

s.w. Carmona. 
CARNiE, a people of Sarmatia Asiat., to- 
wards Cissii m. 
Carna (Camon) fl., a r. of Arabia Felix, 

falling into the Red Sea bet. Zuarain and 

Badei. 
Carnalis, I. a town of Morimene, Cappa- 

docia. II. apud Pausan., i. q. Cualis 

Sardinse. 
Carnasium, a village, 1 m. from Andania, 

Messenia, with a sacred grove, in which 

were celebrated tbe rites of the great god- 

'desses. Krano. 
Carni, a tribe of Taurisd, who from the 

Alpes Noricse formed sedtlements in Ve- 

netia, n. of the Yeneti, from whom fliey 

were separated by Tilavemptus fl. Car- 

niola. 
Carnion fl., a r. of Arcadia, rising near 

.£gys in Laoonia, and fEdlhig into Al- 

pheus fl. 
Carnon, a town of the Mind, Arabia. 

Kam-^U'Magsal. 
Carnonacjs (Camones), a people of Bri- 



tannia Barbara, on its w. coast, bet. the 
Careni and the VacomagL SuiherUmd 
W. and part of Rosa. 

Carnutes (Camutse), a people of Lugdu* 
nensis IV., on the Uger, n. of the Bitu- 
riges Cubi, e. of the Aulerd Eburovioes 
and Cenomanni. Departments of Loire 
N., Loiret w., Eure et Loirej et Seine 
et Oise n.w. 

Carnuntum (Camus), a town of tiie Boii, 
Pannonia, on the Danube, bet. Ala Nova 
and Andusetium. Between Petronel and 
Alienburg. 

Carnus, I. one of the Teleboise ins., Acar- 
nania, e. of Taphus ins. Especially noted 
for its fine flour. Calamo. II. a town of 
Phoenicia, i. q. Antaradus. 

Caroc A, a town of the Roxolani, on Haeotis 
palus, bet. Poritas fl. and Tanais. 

Carocotinum, a port of the Caleti, Ganl^ 
3 m. w. from JuUobona. Harflevr. 

CarpacbliSi a town of Laviniasene, C^^pa* 
doda. 

Carp ASIA, a port of Cyprus, k.s., near Sar« 
*pedon prom. Built by Pygmalkm. Car*' 
pass. 

Carpasi^ ins., islets of Cyprus, ir. coest^ 
w. of Carpasia. Chiro. 

CarpXtes m. (Carpatid, Alpes Bastamics), 
an E. and s.e. continuation of the Alps, 
separating Sarmatia from Dacia, and in* 
tersecting the latter country in various 
ridges. Krapak. 

Carpathium mare, the portion of the 
Mediterranean, bet. Crete and Carpatfans 
ins. 

Carpathus Ins., one of the Sporades, bet. 
Rhodes (15) and Crete. Searpanto, 

Carpella prom., the termination of Persici 
m., on Paragon sin., bet. Badis and Sala- 
rus fl., marking the boundary of Carmania 
and Gedrosia. C. Jask. 

Carpentoracte, a town of the Vocontii, 
Viennensis, m.e. of Avenio. Carpen* 
tras. 

Carpessus, a name of Carteia, Bsetica, from 
the large shells found on its beach. 

Carpetani, a people of Tarraconensis, bet. 
Tagus fl. N., Anas fl. s., the Vettones w., 
and the Celtiberi e. Provinces of Valla- 
dolidf Avila and Segotfia, and parts qf 
Guadalaxara and Toledo. 

Carpi (Carpiani), a tribe of Bastamae, Sar- 
mat., about Alpes Carpatse, n. of the 
Jazyges Metanastse. 

Carpis, I. fl., i. q. Dravus. 11. a town of 
Zeugitana, bet. Carthago (20) and Misua 
(40). Gurbos. III. (Cirpis, Ad Herculem), 
of Valeria, Pannon., on the Danube, bet* 
Salva (21) and Crumerom. Visregrad* 



CAR 



95 



CAR 



CARPRAStA prom., a pr. of Tarraoonensis, 
E.y at the 8. extremity of Sucronensis sin., 
8.W. of the Ibems. C Penniscola, 

Carrba Potentia, a town of the Tanrini, 
on Padns fl., R., 6 m. from Augusta Tan- 
rinonun. Chieri. 

Ca^rki, a people of Arabia, s. of the 
Mintti, aboat Carriata. 

Carrha fl., a r. of Osrhoene, Mesop., 
fiJling into BeUas fl. above Comisim- 
bela. 

Carrhub (Thanana, Haran), I. a town of 
Osrhoene, on Carrha fl., bet. Batns and 
Sahal, 95| geog. m. w. from Nisibis. A 
oolonia. The locality of the defeat of 
Oaasiis, and of the death of CaracaQa. 
Hence Abraham departed for the land of 
Canaan. Haran, II. of Susiana-Cissia, 

■ on the Choaspes, bet. Badaca and Susa. 

Carrhodvkum, a town of the Consnanetse, 
Vindd., on Mana fl., above Taram. II. of 
the Jassii, Fftnnon., on Dravus fl., R., at 
its confluence with Mnms fl. III. of Ger- 
mania, on the Ylstula, towards its source. 
CVocow. 

Carriata (Gira&a, Cariatha, Caripeta), ca- 
pital of the Carrei, Arabia, e.n.e. of Thau- 
mata. Kttriatain, 

CARRiEifsis Acer, the coast of Lnntania, 
N. of Mnnda fl. 

Carruca, a town of the Turtetani, Bsetica, 
bet. Sabora n.w. and Munda s.e. 

Carsagis (Carsat), a town of Cappadoda, 
28 m. w. frt>m Sinera. 

Carseoli, a town of the JSqni, Latinm, on 

- Via Valeria, bet. Lamns (10) and Alba 
Fncentia (24). A colonia 303 B.C. It 
was used by the Senate as a state prison. 
A law prevailed here against keeping 
foxes, telle di Careoli, 

Carsidava, a town of the CSstobod, Dae., 
on the Parata fl., n.w. of Petrodava. 
Near Choczim, s. 

CARSVLiB, a town of Umbria, s.w. of Spole- 
tinm, on Via Flaminia. Carsoli, 

Carsum, a town of Moesia Inf., on the Da- 
nube, bet. Ota& and Capidava. 

Carsus fl., a torrent at Syriae Pylae, fbnning 
the boundary of CSlida Campestris, 

Carta, Hyrcan., i. q. Zadracarta. 

Cartastna, a town of the Gangaridse, Ind., 
on Cambys ostium, at its mouth. 

Carteia (Melcartheia, Heradea, Carpessus), 
a port of Baetica, on Portus Albus, n.w. 
of Calpe. Founded by the Phoenician 
Heroales*(Mdcarthu8). Rocadillo. 
Cartenna, a port <^ Mauritania Caesar., bet. 
Carepola and Arsenaiia. A colonia of 
Augustus. Tennez. 
Cartenihts fl., a r. of HaioriiaiiiA Ctesar., 



falling into the Mediterranean at Car* 
jienna. 

Carteronttchus prom^ a pr. of Sarmatia 
Asiat., on the Euxine, n. of Dioscurias. 

Carthago (Karth-hadtha, CarchSdo, Bet- 
sura, Bosra, Byrsa), a dty of Zeugitana, on 
a peninsula of Cartiiaginensis sin. Founded 
before 11 80 b.c. ; enlarged by the Tyrians 
under Elissa (Dido) 869 b.c. Destroyed 
by the younger Sdpio 146 B.C. Restored 
nearly on the same site by Augustus, who 
nominated it a colony. The peninsula on 
which it stood has, by the withdrawal of 
the sea, become main land. Carthage ^ 
Saicor. 

Carthago Nova (Massiena), capital of the 
Contestani, Tarraconensis, on Massienus 

• sin., N.E., bet. Urd s.w. and Satumi 
prom. e. Built by Asdrubal Barcas 227 
B.C. A colonia (Victrix Julia Nova). Car^ 
tagena. 

Carthage Vbtus, a maritime town of tho 
Laeetani, Tarraconensis, near Barda. Car* 
tameja, 

Carthea, a town of Ceos ins., on the s.b« 
coast. Poles. 

Cartilis, a maritime town of Mauritania 
Caesar., bet. Grunugis and Lar. 

Cartinaga, a town of the Gangaridse, Ind., 
on Cambys ostium, Ganget., above Carta- 
syna. 

Cartris penins., i. q. Cimbrica Cherso- 
nesus. 

Caruca (Carula), a town of the Turtetani, 
Baetica, bet. ^ispalis and Astigi. 

Carura, I. an isl. of l^eugitana, off Apollo- 
nium prom. II. baths of Caria, on the 
Maeander, bet. Laodicea (20) and Ephesus. 
III. capital of the Cerebothrae, India, on 
Chaberis fl., 30 m. from the sea. Carur. 

Carusa (Cressa), a Greek port of Paphla- 
gonia, s. from Cyptasia 9 m. Founded 
circa 1180 B.c. Kerz^. 

Carvo, a town of the Batavi, near the 
Rhine, w. of Arenatium. Rheenen. 

Carusadius m. (Carvancas), m. of Nori- 
cum, a s.w. continuation of Cetius m. 

CARYiE, I. a town of Arcadia, n. of Phe-* 
neus. II. of Laconia, under Pamon m., 
N.w. of Sellasia, with a temple of Diana 
Caryatis, in which the architectural form, 
hence called. Caryatides was first em<« 
ployed. 

Caryanda ins., I. an isl. of Caria, in Bar- 
gyliacus sin., over against Caryanda. 
The birth-place of Scylax the geographer. 
II. a town of Caria, on Bargyliacus sin., 
opposite the cognom. isl. 

Carydius saltus, a defile in Amanus ni*y 
bet. PodanduB and Adana« 



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96 



CAS 



Carysis ins., an isl. of Caria, off Crya. 

Carystus, I. a town of Euboea, s., bet. 
Petalia prom, and Gersestus prom., at the 
foot of Oche m. A colony of Dryopes. 
Celebrated for its green marbles, and for 
its asbestos. Ciutel Rosso, II. of Laco- 
nia, near JEgjs, Noted for its wine. 

Casa, a town of Pampbylia, near Colo- 
brassus. 

Casa Runoniana, a town of the Macse^ 
Africa Prop., on Syrtis Maj., w,, bet. 
Macomades and Cistemse. 

Cas^ Aniciorum, I. a maritime town of 
Syrtica regio, bet. Ad Ammonem and 
Cypsaria. II. a town of Thebais, on the 
Nile, L., bet. Phylace and Lycopolis. 
III. Calventi, a maritime town of Mau- 
ritania Caesar., bet. Icosium (32) and Ti- 
pasa. Bresch, 

Casala, a town of Zeugitana, bet. Nephiris 
and Cucubis. 

Casalinus sin., a bay of Corsica, n.w., to- 
wards Attimn prom. G, di Calvi, 

Casama, a town of Syria, bet. Sattatha and 
Palmyra. 

Casaman, a fortress of Cappadoda, bet. 
Mazaca and Carba. 

Casandra ins., Persise, i. q. Arada. 

Cascantum, a town of the Celtiberi, Tarra- 
conensis, 1 geog. m. from the Iberus, R., 
above Carabis. A munidpium. Caacante, 

Casia prom., a pr. of Greidrosia, on Para- 
gon sin., bet. Talmena and Alambatis 
prom. 

Cash m., m. of Serica, s. Khara, 

Casilinum, a town of the ^didni, Campa- 
nia, on both sides of Vultmnus fl., bet. 
Ad Nonum (6) and Capua (3), on Via 
Appia. A colonia of Julius Caesar. Me- 
morable for its resistance to Hannibal. 
Capua, 

Casinomagus, a town of the Volcse Tecto- 
sages, Narbonensis I., bet. Ad Sextum w. 
and Hungunverro e. Chabannes, 

Casinum, prius Cascum (Oscic^, "old"), 
a town of the Volsd, Latium, on Via La- 
tina, bet. Aquinum (9) and Ad Flexum. 
A colonia 314 b.c. S, Germano, 

Casiotis (Casuch), I. a district of Lower 
Egypt, bet. Gerra and Ostracene. II. of 
Syria, s. of the Orontes, towards its 
mouth. 

Casium prom., the termination of Casius m., 
Sgypt, on Ecregma palus w. C, del Kas, 
" chisel." 

Casium, the chief town of Casiotis, Egypt, 
bet. Pentaschoenon and Ostracene. The 
burial-place of Pompey. Katieh, 

Casius m., I. a m. of Casiotis, Syria. Noted 
for its alleged immense altitude, and for 



a temple of Jupiter Casius. Jebel Okrab^ 
II. of Egypt, in Casiotis regio. 

Casmen^, a town of Sicily, near the springs 
of Hippuris fl. Built by the Syracusans 
645 B.C. Comisi, 

Casmonates, I. a tribe of Statielli, liguria, 
s.w. of Aquae Statiellse. II. posiea Cas* 
monium (Gasmonium, Grasmundium), their 
capital. Casielazzo, 

Casas ins. (prius AstrabeV one of the Spo- 
rades, bet. Carpathus (9) and Crete (31). 
Caso, 

Caspatyrus, the early name of Peucela. 

Caspea, a town of Lycaonia, bet. looniom 
and Isaura. 

Casperia (Casperula), a town of Sabiniom, 
near the source of Himella fl., s.w. of 
Reate. Aspra, 

Caspia, a town of Iberia, on the Cyrus, L., 
bet. Sura and Mestleta. 

Caspia portse, pylse, I. a defile in Caspius 
m., bet. Media and Parthia, 6 m. s.e. 
from Ragse. II. aptid Tadtum, L q. Can- 
casise. 

Casph, I. m. of Media, bet. Cambyses fl. 
and Cyrus fl. II. a people of Media, in 
Caspii m. 

Caspiane, the country of the Caspii, Media. 
Ptolemy assigns it to Armenia, and Strabo 
to Albania. 

Caspingium, a town of the BataTi, on the 
Rhine, R., bet. Tablse and Grinnes. 

Caspira, capital of the Caspirsei, Ind., n.e. 
of TaxUa. 

Caspirjei, a people of India e. Gangem, 
bet. the Hyphasis and the * Ganges fl. 
Pari of Cashmir, 

Caspiria ins., Africae, i. q. Convallis. 

Casfium mare, Hyrcanium, an inland sea of 
Asia, bet. Media and Armenia w., and 
Chorasmia e. Most of the ancients con- 
ceived it to be a bay of the northern sea, 
communicating with it by a narrow strait. 
Some geographers discriminate between 
Caspian mare and Hyrcanium, making the 
former the w., the latter the e. portion of 
the sea. Caspian ; Kaspuskoie Mor4: M 
Dhengiz, 

CASs'iE, a town of Cilicia. 

Cassai, a people of Susiana-Corbiene, on 
Choaspes fl. 

Caspius m., a ridge of Taurus, s. of Ni- 
phates, separating Armenia Magna from 
Media. 

Cassandria, a city of Chalcidice, on the 
isthmus connecting Pallene wit^ the main- 
land. Built by Cassander close to Potidsea, 
and partly peopled by the inhabitants of 
that city. A colonia. Kassandhra. 

Cassandrei, Arabise, i. q. Cassani. 



CAS 



97 



CAS 



Cassanitjs (Gasandi, Cassandrei), a people 
of Arabia Felix, s. and e. of Macaraba, N. 
of the Elisari, with a few towns on the 
coast s.w. 

Cassanites m.f m. of the Cassanitse, Arabia. 
Gazuan, 

Cassera, Chaldd. Maced., i. q. Assera. 

Cassi, a tribe of Trinobantes, Brit. About 
Cassioburyy Sfc.f Hertfordshire. 

Cassida, I. a people of India e. Gangem, 
on the Ganges, at its junction with Co- 
menases fl. II. of the Pasalse, Ind., near 
CEManes fl., L., above Athenagura. 

Cassiliacum, a town of the Estiones, 
Vindelida, w. n. w. of Cambodunum. 
Isny, 

Cassinomagus, a town of the Lemovices, 
Aquitania I., bet. Sermanicomagus w. 
and Augustoritum e. 

Cassiofe, I. a prom, of Corcyra ins., at its 
N.E. extremity, over against Onchesmus. 
C. di Santa Caterina. II. a port of 
Chaonia, over against Cassiope, Corcyra. 
III. of Corcyra ins., at Cassiope prom., 
15 m. from Corcyra. Deriving its name 
from a noted temple of Jupiter Casius. 

Cassifolis, a town of Cilicia Campestris, 
w. of Aleius campus. 

CassiterToes ins. (Silurum, Sylinse, 
^£strymnides, Hesperides) isl. of the 
I>amnonii, Britannia I., off Antivestseum 
prom. Hence the Phoenicians procured 
their tin, the Sanscrit name of which is 
KastirOf " shining." The name probably 
extended to Cornwall itself. Scilly Isl, 
and W, Cornwall, 

Cassope, a town of Epirus, towards Pam- 
botis lac. 

Cassotis fons, a stream of Parnassus, flow- 
ing by Delphi into Pleistus fl. 

Castabala, I. a town of Tyanitis, Cappa- 
doda, N.E. of Calydna. Here was the 
statue of Diana Perasia, *' brought from 
beyond sea," i. e. from Tauris, by Orestes. 
Her priestesses walked on burning cinders 
uninjured. Kalat Masman. II. of Cilicia, 
E. of Anazarbus. Chamdun. 

Castalia fons, a stream of Parnassus, run- 
ring from Phsedriades m., by Delphi, into 
Pleistus fl. Sacred to the Muses. Its 
murmurs were reputed prophetic. 

Castamon, a town of Paphlagonia, under 
Olgasys m., s.w. of Pompeiopolis. Cos- 
tamouni. 

Castellani, a tribe of Ausetani, Tarraco- 
nensis, under the Pyrenees, bet. the Cere- 
tani w., the Indigetes e., and the Ause- 
tani s. 

Castania, a town of Messapia, near Taren- 
tum. 



Castella Darii, fortresses erected by Da- 
rius in Sarmatia n., on the Tanais, e. of 
Alaunus m. 

Castellum, I. postea Chassalaba, Castella, 
a town of Germania, 84 m. n.n.e. from 
Moguntiacum. Cassel. II. Amerinum, a 
fortress of Etruria, on Amerina Via, bet. 
Falerii (12) and Ameria (9). Basaano. 
III. Caracenorum, of the Caraceni, 
Samnium, on Sagrus fl. Castello di 
Sangro. IV. Firmanorum, the port of 
Firmum in Picenum, bet. Potentia (12) 
and Truentium (24), on Via Flaminia. 
Porto di Fermo, V. Menapiorum, a 
fortress of the Menapii, on Mosa fl. Kes^ 
sel. VI. Marinorum, of the Morini, e. 
of Gessoriacum. Montcassel, 

Casthan^a, a town of Magnesia, Thessaly, 
on the ^gean, bet. Meliboea and Sepias 
prom. Named from its fine chesnuts. 
Tamukhari. 

Castnius m., a m. of Pamphylia, overlook- 
ing Aspendus. 

Castoboci, a people of Sarmatia Europsea, 
towards the Carni. 

Castoli campus, a plain of Lydia, on Cas- 
tolus fl. 

Castra, I. CECILIA (Celids, Csecilia Ge- 
mellina, Ad Sorores), a fortress of the Vet- 
tones, Lusitania, n. of Enferita. Caceres. 

II. Cornelia, a town of Zeugitana, e. of 
Utica. Originally a camp of the Elder 
Sdpio, whence the name. Porto Farina, 

III. ExPLORATORUM, of the Brigantes, 
Brit., towards the w, termination of Ha- 
driani murus n. IV. Germanorum, a 
fortress of Mauritania Caesar., near Car- 
tilis. V. Hannibalis, a town of Brut- 
tium, on Scyladus sin., bet. Scyladum (5) 
and Crotona. Roccella ? VI. Herculis, 
of the Batavi, n.w. of Noviomagus. Her- 
velt, VII. Julia (Trogilium), of the Vet- 
tones, Hispania, s.e. of Castra Csecilia. 
Truxillo, VIII. Nova, of the Moesi, Moe- 
sia Inf., on the Danube, bet. Variana and 
Utus, -at the mouth, R., of (Escus fl. 
IX. Nova, of Mauritania Caesar., under 
Ancurarius .»"•: s., bet. Bellene and 
Tassacora. X. Nova, of the Saldenses, 
Dae, 20 m. s.e. of Pelendova. Built 
by Constantino. Forcas? XI. Parem- 
bole, of the Dassaretae, Illyria, on the 
confines of Macedonia, bet. Pylon (11) 
and Heraclea (12). XII. Pyrrhi, of 
Orestis, Macedonia, on ^as fl., w. of 
Gyrtona. XIII. Trajana, of the Buri- 
deenses, Dae., on Aluta fl., R., bet. Aru- 
tela and Buridava (12). XIV. Ulcisia, 
of Valeria, Pannonia, n.w. of Adn- 
cum. XV. Zarba, of the Odrysae, 



CAS 



98 



CAT 



Thrace, on Harpessas fl., bet. Fala and 
Rhamse. 

Castri Lucus, a town of Grermania I., s. 
of Tablse. Moru, 

Castrum, I. EiRCTA, a fortress of Sicily, on 
the N. coast. II. Fabatianum, a town 
of Numidia, near Cirta. III. Gadaum, 
of Mauritania Csesar., under Ancorarius 
m., S.S.B. of Cartenna. IV. Inni, vide 
Castrum Novunii Etrurise. Y. Mauro* 
RUM, a fortress of Zabdicene, Armen., 
bet. Dara and Meride. Catar-T\itha. 
VI. Men AS, a town of Yenetia, near Forum 
Julii. YII. Minerva, of Japygia, bet. 
Hydruntum(8)andYeretum (15). Castro, 
YII I. of Bruttium, on Locanus fl., near its 
source. Built by Idomeneus, drca 1100 
B.C. Grotteria, IX. Mutilum, of Etru- 
ria, bet. Sarsina and Arretium. Meldola. 
X. Novum, of the Praetutii, Picenum, bet. 
Truentum (12) and Hadria (15), on Yia 
Flaminia. Giulia Nova. XI. Novum 
(Castrum Inui), of Etruria, on Yia Aurelia, 
bet. Pyrgi (ft) and Centumcellse (5). An 
Etruscan settlement. A colonia. Sacred 
to Inuus (Pan). Torre Chiaraccia. XII. 
PuERORUM, of Mauritania Cssar., bet. 
Portus Deorum and Gilva. XIII. Theo- 
dora, of Dada, on the Danube, over 
against Pons Trajani. XIY. Tingitii, of 
Mauritania, on Chinalath fl., L., below 
Tiganda. XY. Truentum (Truentinum), 
of Pretutii, Picenum, at Truentus fl., L., 
near its mouth, bet. Castellum Firmano- 
rum (24) and Castrum Novimi (12), on 
Yia Flamiuia. A Libumian settlement. 
Monte Brandone. XYI. Yulturni, of 
Campania, at the mouth of Yultumus fl., 
on Yia Domitiana, bet. Sinuessa and Li- 
temum (7). A colonia 196 b.c. VoU 
tumo, 

CASTtiLO, a town of the Oretani, Tarraco- 
nensis, on Bstis, R., near its source, bet. 
Mentesa-Bastia n. and Tugia s. A Pho- 
ciean settlement. The birth-place of 
Imilce, Hannibal's wife. The hill on 
which it stood was bivertical, and hence 
the town was sumamed Pamassia. A co- 
lonia (Csesari Yenales). Caslona: Ca- 
zorla. 

Castulonensis saltus, a ridge of Mari- 
an us m., Tarraconensis, about Castulo. 
Noted for its silver mines. Sierra di 
Cazorle, 

Casuaria, a town of the Centrones, Alpes 
Penninse, bet. Bautie n.w. and Ad Pub- 
licanos s.v. 

Casuentus fl., a r. of Lucania falling into 
Tarraconensis sin., s. of Metapontum. Ba- 
sienti* 



Casula, a town of Zeugitana, bet. MkihIh 
(20) and Curubis (25). Soleiman. 

Casurgis, a town of the Burii, Germ., 8.w. 
of Budorgis. Near Troppau. 

Casus (Achne), I. an isl. of the Carpadiiaii 
sea, 7 ni. s.w. from Carpathus. Kahso^ 
II. its capital, on the s. coast. Khaso, 

Catabana (Cataba, Bana), capital of tiie 
Catabani, Arabise, 3 geog. m. N. from 
Arabise Emporium. Kataba, 

Catabani, a people of Arabia Felix, occu- 
pying its w. angle, w. of the Homerite. 
Beni Kahtan, 

Catabathmus Major ('Mesoent"), s valley 
of Marmarica, running inland bet. Panor- 
mus and Syce, at one time the e. boundary 
of Marmarica, and by some gec^raphers 
considered the e. boundary also of Africa^ 
Egypt.being assigned to Ajsia. AJkabah el 
SoloUm. 

Catabathmus Minor, a valley of libya 
^gypti, on the coast, e. of Fhoenicos 
portus. 

Catabathra, the tunnels, some nstonl, 
others artifldal, by which the redundant 
waters of Copais lacus passed into the 
sea. 

Catabeda fl., a r. of India e. Gangem, fall- 
ing into Gangeticus sin., e. of Ganges fl. 
Shatiffan, 

Catabolon, a port of Cilida, 2 geog. m» 
N.E. from Issus. Karabolat, 

Catacecaumene regio (" burnt up "), a 
volcanic district of Lydia, on Hermns fl., 
L., towards its source. According to some 
writers, the seat of the Arimi of Homer, 
and the scene of Typhoeus' punidunent. 
Noted for its wine. 

Cataderbis fl., a r. or inlet of Susiana, 
on Persicus sin., opposite Margastana 
ins. 

Cataduba, a town of the Gangani, Ind., on 
the Ganges, R., near its source. 

Catadupa, two cataracts on the Nile ; the 
greater above Premis, the less above Ele- 
phantis ins. The contiguous people, called 
Catadubi, were said to lose their >i<^ri"g 
from the roar of the water. 

CATiBA ins., an isl. of Carmania, on Persicus 
sin., bet. Cecadrus ins. and Tarsias prom. 
It marked, according to Nsearchns, the 
limit of Carmania and Persis Propr., and 
before the rise of Ormus viras a great em> 
porium. Keishf or Cais. 

CATifiONiuM prom., a pr. of Marmarica^ 
bet. Menehu portus (9) and Scythranius 
portus. 

Catalauni, a people of Belgica II., in the 
s. territory of the Remi. Departments of 
Mame s. and Meuse w. 



CAT 



99 



CAU 



Catalaukum, fhdr eapital, i. e. Dmocata- 

launi. 
Catali, s peofde of Hifitria, s. of tbe fiubo- 

crinL 
CatXka (Catma), a maritime city of Sidlji 

X. Bmit bj a Chalddian colony 7^3 B.C. 

A colonia. The birth-place of Charondas. 

Here was a temple of Ceres which only 

w<Mnen were permitted to «iter. Cattmia, 
Catangign sin., a bay of Bithynia, on Bos- 
poms ThraciuSy v, of Ozyirfaoum prom. 
CATANiTiB (Catanii), a people of Arabia 

Felix, under Zames m., s. Tribe ofBeni 

Kahtan, 
Catagnia, a prefecture of Cappadoda, bet. 

Amanus m. and Anti-taonu. AladeuH. 
Catara, capital of the Catarsei, Arabia, 

£.N.E. of Grerra. Katura, 
Cata&actorium, a town of the Brigantes, 

Brit., 8.W. of VinoTia. Catteriek, 
CATARiEi, a people of Arabia Felix, on Per- 

eicns sin., abont Catara. 
C ATARI, a people of Pannonia. 
Catarrh ACTES fl., I. a r. of Crete, rising in 

Inattts m., and falling into Idbycmn m., 

20 m. w. from Hierap3rtna. Sudsuro, 

II. of Pamphylia, running from Pisidicus 
lacus into the sea at Attalia. Duden, 

III. (Marsyas), of Phrygia M., running 
from Aulocrene lac. into Mseander fl., 
near Celsense. IV. Major, the great 
cataract of the Nile, n.w. of Tasitia. 
Y. Minor, the lesser cataract, n. of 
Fhike. 

Catarzenx, a district of Armenia, towards 

Moschid m. 
Catavrllauiti, a people of Flavia Cnsari- 

ensis, bet. the Iceni and Trinobantes, e., 

the Doboni and Comavii w., the Trino- 
bantes and Dobuni s., and the Cori- 

tani N. 
Catazeti, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, on 

the Tanais. 
Catenates (Clautinatii), a people of Vinde- 

licia, on Licus fl., bet. the Danube and 

Ambrafl. 
Catennenses, Pisidia, i. q. Etennenses. 
Cathjsi, a town of India, on Hydraotes fl., 

N.w. of the Malli. 
Cathena m., a m. of Lucania, near Fsestum. 

Monte Capacdo, 
Cathramotit^, Arabise. Vide CbaiAsan^ 

motitse. 
Cathraps fl., Carmania, i. q. Salsus. 
Catoni, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, on 

tiie Tanais. 
Catopterius ("looking downwards") m., 

a summit of Parnassus, near Anemo- 

rium. 
Catorissium I a town of the TJceni; "^en- 



nensis, bet. Cularo n. and M^sedum b. 
PetiUChat, 

Catraleucum, a town of the Bracari, Tar- 
raconensis, on Atus fl., L., towards its 
source. 

Catrea, a town of Crete, founded by Ca- 
treus the Arcadian. 

C atti (Chatti), a people of Germania Magna, 
8. of the Cherusci. Heese ; Fulda ; Fran^ 
eonia n., Sfc, 

Cattioara, a port of an isl. (Bwneo) of 
India e. Gangem, s. of CoccHsuiagora. 
Sueeadanff, 

Catualium, a town of the Taxandri, Ger- 
mania II., N.w. of Teudurum. 

Catuiaca, a town of the Memini, Narbo- 
nensis, e. of Apta JuHa. 

CaturYges, I. a pec^le of Alpes Maritimse, 
at first on Druentia fl., towards its source, 
w. of Vapincum, but afterwards largely 
extending themselves into Viennensis and 
Narbonensis. II. (Catotimagus), their 
capital, bet. Dea Vocontiorum and Ebro- 
dunum. Charges, III. a town of the 
Remi, Belgica II., bet. Ariola N.w. and 
Nasium. Bar le Due, 

Catviaca, Vocontiorum, i. q. Ad Fines. 
(Oppedete,) 

Catyeuchlani, Brit., i. q. Catavellauni. 

Cauca, a town of the Vaocsd, Tarraco- 
nensis, s. of Pallantia. Coca. 

Cauchabeni (" sons of the stars"), a tribe 
of Chaldsans in Arabia, n.e., on the Eu- 
phrates. Tribe of Bent Cauchab, 

Caucad^, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, 
on Lagus fl. 

Caucana portus, a port of Sicily, s., bet. 
Hermynius fl. and Bucra prom. 

Caucasle portK (Caspiee, Sarmatae), defiles 
of Caucasus, the diief pass from Sarmatia 
Asiat. into Iberia, n. of Harmozia. Tatar^ 
Topa, 

Caucasium mare, i. q. Euxinus. 

CaucXsus m., m. of Asia, bet. the Euxine 
and the Caspian. 

Caucasus Indicus, a name given to the 
N.E. extension of Parapomisus m. by the 
soldiers of Alexander. 

Cauci campi, the plain bet. Pasitigris fl., 
towards its mouth and the Tigris. 

Caucoenses, a tribe of Agathyrsi, Dada, on 
Parata fl., n. of the Jassii. 

Caucon fl., a r. of Achaia, rising in Scollis 
m., and falling into the Teuth^ fl. near 
Teuthea. 

Caucones, a tribe of Pelasgi, the early oc- 
cupants of Elis, and the portion of Achaia 
about Caucon fl., a colony of whom mi- 
grated to Asia Minor, about Parthenius fl. 
Extinct in Strabo's tinift* 



CAU 



100 



CEL 



Cauconia, the early name of Ells. 
Cauconii, a people of Caria, about Cau- 

nus. 
Caucuna portos, a haven of Sidly, w. of 

Motychanus fl. 
Caudellum, a town of the Vulgientes, 

Narbonensis, on Druentia fl., s. of Apta 

Julia. 
Caudin^ FuRCiB vel Furcul^, a defile 

of Samnium, near Caudium. The locality 

of the disgrace of the Roman army. Val 

d*Arpaia, 
Caudini, a tribe of the Pentri, Samnium, 

on the borders of Campania, s. of Vultur- 

nus fl. 
Caudium, capital of the Caudini, Samnium, 

bet. Ad Novas (9) and Beneventum (11). 

Paolisii or Certfinara, • 
Caul ARES fl., a r. of Phrygia M., fall- 
ing into the Mseander fl. n. of Cibyra. 

Zu. 
Caulonia (Aulon), a city of Bruttium, on 

Locrensis sin., at the mouth of Sagrus fl., 

L., bet. Cocynthum prom, and Subsidvum. 

An Achsean settlement. Destroyed by 

Dionysius. Castro Vetere. 
Caulum, a village of Campania, near Capua. 

Noted for its wine. Cmtlo, 
Caumata, a town of Carmania Deserta, 

bet. Arcioba and Aridarum. 
Caunus, a maritime dty of Caria, 4 m. s. 

from Pisilis, the people of which were re- 
puted autochthonous. Kaiguez. 
Cauphiaca, a town of Persis Prop., w. of 

Pasargada. 
Caura, a town of the Turtetani, Bsetica, 

on the Bsetis, at the separation of its 

mouths. 
Caurium, a town of the Vettones, Lusi- 

tania, w. of Rusticana. Corta. 
Causenn^e, a town of the Coritani, Brit., 

bet. Lindum (26) and Durobrivse. 
CavXres (Cavari), a people of Yiennensis, 

bet. the Rhodanus, the Druentia, and the 

Isara. Departments of Vaucluse and 

DromCf w. 
Cavaturines, a people of Liguria, towards 

Genua. About Creverina, 
Caviclum, a maritime town of the Bas- 

tuli, Bsetica, bet. Msenoba w. and Salam- 

bina e. 
Cavii, a people of Illyria, bet. the Labeates 

and the Parthini. 
Caviones, Germania, i. q. Chaibones. 
Caystra Pedion, a village of Phrygia 

Mag., bet. Ipsus and Julia. 
Caystrus, I. a r. of Ionia, rising in Tmolus 

m., towards Sardes, and falling into Ionium 

mare below Ephesus. Kutchuk Mendere. 

II. (Clistrus, Cestrus), a town of Cilicia 



Trachea, on Calycadmus fl., towards its 

w. source. -^ 

Cazeca, a port of Taurica Chersonesus s. 
Ceba, a town of the Vagienni, Liguria, on 

Tanarus fl., R., e. of Augusta Vagienno- 

rum. Noted for its cheese. Ceva, 
Cebrene, I. ar.of Troas, falling into Simois 

fl., near Cebrene. Kazdagh'tchai, II. a 

town of Troas, on the Simois, near its 

source. Named from the ch£u*ioteer of 

Hector. Its inhabitants were transferred 

to Alexandria. Kutchulan-Tepe, 
Cecadrus ins., an isl. of Carmania, in Per- 

sicus sin., bet. Sagdiana ins. and Cateea 

ins. 
Cecilia, a town of Cyrrhestica, Syria, on 

the Euphrates, bet. Manurrhoa and Euro- 
pus, 4 m. s.E. from Zeugma. 
Cecilionicum, a town of the Vettones, 

Lusitania, bet. Ad Idppos n.n.w. and 

Libora s.E. 
Cecrofia (Cropia), I. a demus of Attica, of 

the tribe Leontis, n. of Phlya. Named 

after Cecrops. II. a name of Athens. 
Cecropidje, the name of the Athenians 

under Cecrops, and until the time of 

Erectheus. 
Cecrofis, a tribe or ward of Attica. 
CECRYPHALiBA ius. (Cccryphalos), an isl. of 

ArgoUs, in Saronicus sin., over against 

Epidaurus. 
Cbdareni, Arabise, 1. q. Cedrei. 
Cedi or Cedse, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Erectheis. 
Cedoni^e, a town of the Burideenses, Dacia, 

bet. Addava and Stenarum (12). 
Cedrei (Cedareni, Gedranitse, Darrs), a 

people of Arabia Felix, s. of Arabia Pe- 

trsea, bet. the Nabathsei and the sea. The 

descendants of Kedar. In the Hedjaz, 
Cedreus fl., a r. of Sardinia, falling into the 

sea N. of Saprus fl. GaltelU. 
Cedrius m., a summit of Ida in Crete. Mt, 

Psiloritz, 
Ceiriadje, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Hippothoontis, n. of Amphitrope. Ke- 

ratia, 
CelXdus fl., I. a r. of Arcadia, rising in 

Thesoa Regio and falling into the Alpheus. 

II. of Tarraconensis, bet. the Durius and 

Minius. Celado, 
Celjenjs, I.- a Phoenician town of .^lolis 
Asiatica, on Heptaporus fl., n.e. of Adra- 

myttium. II. capital of Phrygia Magna, 
at the source of Marsyas fl., s.e. of Apa- 

mea Cibotus, whither its inhabitants were 
transferred by Antiochus Soter. The loca- 
lity of the legend of Midas. 
Celeje, a town of Phlius, Argolis, ^ m. 
N.w. from its capital, where a festival in 



CEL 



101 



CEN 



honour of Ceres was celebrated every fourth 
year. 

Celeja, a town of Ftononia, on Sana fl., 
24 m. N.E. from Adrans. Ciiley. 

Celelates, a people of Liguria, near the 
Uvates. About Celetta. 

Celenderis, a maritime dty of Cilida Tra- 
chea, 12^ m. N.E. from Meganda, on Is fl. 
A Phoenician settlement enlarged by Sa- 
mians. Kelindreh,' 

CEI.ENNA, a fortress of Samnium, near Batu- 
lum. 

Celetrius lacus, a lake of Orestis, Macedo- 
nia, N.E. of Orestia. LaffO di Castorta, 

Celetrum, a town of Orestis, Macedonia, 
on a peninsula at the n.w. extremity of 
Celetrius lacus. Castoria, 

Celeusum, a town of Rhsetia, on the Danube, 
14 m. N.E. from Germiniacum. Pforing, 

Celia, a town of Peucetia, on Via Egnatia, 
bet. Butuntum (12) and Netium (9). 
Ceglie, 

Celida, a town of Cyrenaica, near Csenopo- 
lis. 

Celina, I. a r. of Venetia, falling into li- 
quentia fl. Cilina. II. a town on the 
cognominal river. Extinct in Pliny's time. 

Cell^ (Cells Picentinse, Celiac Vicus), I. a 
town of Byzacene, on Syrtis Minor, 30 m. 
s. from Tasbalta. II. of Eordsea, Macedo- 
nia Consularis, on the Astrseus fl., bet. 
Heraclea (34) and ^gse (28), on Egnatia 
Via. Kirl Derpend. III. of Mauritania 
Csesariensis, bet. Perdices (18) and Macri 
(26). Majanah, IV. of the Odrys«, 
Thrace, s. of Hebrus fl., bet. Opizus and 
Philippopolis. 

Celmantia, a town of Germania Magna, 
on the Danube, at the confluence of Vagus 
fl. Komom, 

Celnius fl., a r. of the Caledonii, e. falling 
into the sea, w. of Ttezalum prom. Do- 

Celon^, I. a town of Susiana Messabatice, 
bet. Racha and Corma. II. Assyrise, 1. q. 
Chala. 

Celgssa (Ceglossa), I. m. of Argolis, a 
N.w. continuation of Arachnsus m., to- 
wards Achaia. Named after Ceglusa, 
mother of Asopus. II. a fortress of Argolis, 
on Celossa m. 

Celsa, a town of the Ilergites, Tarraconensis, 
on the Iberus, 6 m. s.e. of Csesar Augusta. 
A colonia (Victrix Julia). Xelsa, 

Celsitani, a people of Sardinia, about 
Usellis. 

Celt^, the early population of Gaul, migra- 
tions of whom peopled portions of Spain 
(on the Anas, in Gallsecia, &c.), Britain, 
&c. 



Celti, a town of the Turtuli, Bstica, n. of 

, Ilipa. 

Celtiberi, a people of central Tarraconensis, 
bet. Iberus fl. n., Sucro fl. s., the Carpe- 
tani N. and Arevacse s.w., and the Iler- 
caones e. A tribe of Celtic immigrants 
mingled with the Iberi. 

Celtica, generally the Greek name of Gaul 
and Germania ; specially, Gaul ; with 
Csesar, that portion of Gaul between the 
Garumna, the Sequana,'the sea, and Ge- 
henna m. Named from a giant called 
Celtus, or from Celtus, the old name of 
the Garumna, or from the idea the Greeks 
formed of the comparative civilization of 
its inhabitants. 

Cbltico-Flavia, a town of the Vettones, 
Lusitania, near Salmantica, s.s.e. 

Celticum prom., Hispanise, i. q. Artabrum. 

Celto-Galatia, the name given by Ptolemy 
to Graul. 

Celtorii, Gallise, i. q. Suelteri. 

Celtzene, a district of Armenia Interior, on 
Lycus fl., N.E. of Chorzene. 

Celydna, a town of the Marundse, India, on 
the Ganges, at its junction with Cossoanes 
fl. 

Celydnus fl., a r. of Illyria, faUing into 
the Adriatic at Oricum. In the time of 
Ptolemy the s. boundary of Macedonia. 

Cema m., a ridge of Alps, in Alpes Mariti- 
mse. JMont Lerres, 

Cembis portus, a haven of the Cempsi, Lusi- 
tania, N. of Gades. 

Cemenelum, a town of the Vediantii, Alpes 
Maritimse, on Varus fl., L., bet. Vintium 
w. and Albintemelium. Cimiers. 

Cempsi, a people of Lusitania, occupying 
a portion of the Ctmeus. 

Cena, a town of Sicily, on the s.w. coast, 
bet. Allava and Agrigentum (18). Monf 
Allegro, 

Centum prom., the n.w. headland of 
Euboea ins., on Maliacus sin., over against 
Cnemis. Lithada, 

Cenaxe palus, a lake of the Tectosages, 
Galatia, near Ancyra. 

Cenchre^, I. a town of Argolis, under 
Chaon m., s., bet. Trochos and Hysise. 

II. the E. port of Corinth, on Saronicus 
sin., 84 m. s.e. from the city. Kenchres, 

III. a town of Troas, on Simois fl., s. of 
Nsandria. The residence for a time of 
Homer. Tchigri, 

Cenchreis ins., an isl. of Argohs, in 
Saronicus sin., over against Spirseum 
prom. 

Cenchrius fl., a r. of Ionia, rising in Sol- 
missus m. and falling into Ionium mare at 
Ortygia. 



CEN 



102 



CER 



CvNDBYiA pahis, a marsh fonned by Belus 

fl., Phoenicise, towards its mouth. 
CsMERiuM) a town of Messenia, on the ooast^ 

near Phttamodes prom. 
CxNESTUM, a town of Corsica, on Sacer fl., 

L.) towards its mouth. Corte, 
Ceneta (Cenitense Castmm), a town of the 

Venetiy Venetiay n. of Opitergium. Ce- 

CxMiMAONiy a tribe of loeni, Britan., k. of 

the Trinobantes. St^olk, Norfolk, and 

Cambridgeshire. 
Cbnion ostium, an estaary of the Damnonii, 

Brit., at Voliba. Falmouth Harbour. 
Cenmi, a tribe of Cunones, Germania, on 

Msenus fl. 
CsNo PORTUS, the port of Antium, Latium. 

Porto d^Anzo. 
CxNOMANNi, I. vide Aukrci Cenomanni. II. 

a colony of Gaulish Cenomanni, in Gallia 

Transpadana, on Padus fl., bet. Addua fl. 

w. and Athesia fl. b. 
Cbntauri, a tribe of Pelasgi-Eordi, settled 

in and under Ossa m. Sudi skilled horse- 
tamers that tiiey were poetically said to be 

half man and half horse. 
Centobriga, i. q. Nertobriga. 
Centritbs fl., i. q. Nicephorius. 
Centronbs, a people of Alpes Graise, v, of 

the Segnsini. Tarentaise. 
Cbntronum Civitas, Gallise, i. q. Daran* 

tasia. 
CxNTUMCBLLiB (Trajani portus), a maritime 

town of Etruria, on Via Aurelia, bet. Cas- 

trum Novum (5) and Algse. Noted for its 

fine harbour, constructed by Trajan. 

Civita Vecchia. 
Centum Putba, a town of the Albocenses, 

Dacia, bet. Bersovia and Addava, n.w. of 

Pons Trajani. Near Oraviza. II. wells 

of Palmyrene Syr., n.w. of Palmyra. 
Centuria ins., one of the Fortunate ins., 

Afirica, n.b. of Canaria. Fuerteventura. 
Cknturinum, a maritime town of Corsica, 

below Sacrum prom. Centuri. 
Cxntubipjb, a town of Sicily, on Cyamosums 

fl., bet. Argyrium and iBtna. Centorht. 
Cbos ins. (Cot, Cos, Hydrussa), an isl. of the 

.^Igean, 5 m. s.x. of Macris. Once a part 

of Enboea. Noted for the elegant attire of 

its women. Zea. 
Cbpha, a fortress of Grordyene, Armenia, on 

the Tigris, below its junction with Nym- 

pheeus fl. Hesn-Keif. 
CsPHALiS prom., a pr. of Africa, on Syrtis 

Major, w. above Maoomades. C. Canon 

or Metra. 
Cbphalx, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Acamantis. 
Cephallbnia ins., priua Samos, an isL of 



Acamania, 8. of Leucate prom., 6 m. s.w. 
of Ithaca ins, 120 m. in circuit and 60 m. 
long. Named after Cephalus, the friend 
of Amphytrion. CephaUmia, 

Cbphallonbsus ins., an isl. of Sannatia «., 
in Cardnites sin. 

Cbphalcedium (Cephalsedium), a maritime 
town of Sicily, n. bet. Alsesa and Himera. 
C^alu. 

Cephissa, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Erectheis, on Cephissus fl., at the s. foot 
of Brilessus m., 6 m. from Athens. The 
frtvourite retreat of Herodes Atticus. Ke- 
phisia. 

Cbphisus fl., " roaring," sumamed Atticus, 
I. a r. of Attica, rising at Trinemei and 
frdling into Saronicus sin. at Phalerom 
portus. Podhonista. II. sumamed Eleu* 
sinius, of Attica, rising in Cithseron m. and 
felling into Saronicus sin. below Eleusis. 
III. of Phods, rising in Parnassus, near 
Lilsea, frvm a spring said to roar, at mid- 
day, like a bull, and falling into Copais 
lacus at Orchomenus. Mauro Nero. 

Cbphissus palus, i. q. Copais. 

Cbpi, a town of Sarmatia Asiatica, near 
Cimmerius Bosporus. A Milesian settle- 
ment. 

Cbpresicum prom., Lusitanise, the early 
name of Saorum prom. 

CsRAiTiE, a town of Crete, n.w. of Hiera- 
pytna. 

Cbramicus sinus, a bay of Carium mare, e. 
bet. Termerium prom, and Triopinm prom. 
L. Stanco or Boudroun. 

Ceramus, a fortress of Caria, on Ceramicas 
sin. n. Keramo. 

CBRANiB (Ceranorum forum), a town of 
Cataoecaumene, Lydia, on the borders of 
Phrygia, w. of Blaundus. 

CsRASiS, a town of Lydia, on Hermua fi.y 
opposite Bagse. Sirghie, 

CerXsus, a town of the Mosynced, Pontus, 
9 m. frtnn Coralla prom. A ool(my from 
Sinope. Here the 10,000 were encamped 
for ten days, and hence the cherry-tree 
was imported into Italy by Lucnllus. She* 
fie. 

CBRATiE, a hill of Attica, w. of Eleusis. 
The boundary between Attica and Megaris. 

Ceraunii m., the s.e. termination of Cau- 
casus m., on the Caspian, bet. Sarmatia 
Asiatica and Albania. 

Cerausius m., a w. summit of Lycasus m., 
in Arcadia, on the confines of Measenia. 

Cbrax, a town of Phoebatis, lUyria, on 
Genusns fl., bet. Geruniwn and Bantiak 
Kori^e. 

Cbrbalus fl., a r« of Apulia, frdling into the 
Adriatic at or near Sipontom. Above itB 



CER 



103 



CEB 



mouth it formed a lake. It was the boun- 
dary of Daunia Proper and Diomedis 
Campi. Cervaro, 

GsRBANi (Carbae), a people of Arabia Feliz, 
occupying the coast of the Red Sea n. of 
the EJamitse, and extending inland n.e. to 
the Manitae and the Uadeni. Descendants 
of Kedar. Tribe qfBeni Harb, 

Cb&bskium, the earlier name of Cimmerium. 

CebbesiI) a tribe of Bryges or Phryges, 
settled in Phrygia Magna prior to the 
Trojan war. Extinct in Strabo's time. 

Cercaphus m., a m. of Ionia, near Colo- 
phon. 

Cercas, a town of Argolis, near Nauplia. 
The birth-place of the historian Acusilans. 

Cercasora, a town of Lower Egypt, on the 
Nile, L., bet. Letopolis and Memphis. El 
Arkcu, 

Cbrcetjb (Cseti, Apaitse), a people of Sarma- 
tia Asiatica, in Corax m., n.w. of the 
Zidhi. 

Cbrcbticus sinus, a bay of the Euxine, n. 
of Toreticum prom. 

Cercetius m. (Citius), I. the n. extremity 
of Pindns m., on the bcurders of Thessaly, 
Epirus, and Macedonia, extending e. to 
Cambunii m. Zygos or Ian Cantara, II. 
prom., che n.w. extremity of Samos, n. of 
Cantharium prom. C KerJH, 

Cercidiates, I. a people of Liguria, n. of 
the Ilvates. II. their capitaL CerettOf 
towards Toriona. 

Cbrcidius fl., a r. of Corsica, falling into 
the sea n. of Urdnium. Liamone, 

CxRCiNA, I. an isl. of Byzacene, n. of Sjrrtis 
Minor, over against Thense, 25 m. long 
by 12J m. broad. Chercara, II. its 
town. 

Cercine m., a m. of the Sinti, Pseonia, 
parallel with Pontus fl. Impassable on 
account of the thick forests which covered 
them. They form the boundary between 
Peeonia and Thrace. Tehengel Dagh, 

Cbrcinetis, a maritime town of Taurica 
Chersonesus, w. above Daudace. 

Cercinitis ins., I. an isL of Byzacene, con- 
tiguous to Cerdna ins. N.B., and joined to 
it by a bridge. II. palus, a lake of Thrace, 
formed by Strymon fl., a few miles above 
its mouth, 18 m. long by 6 broad. L, 
Takinos. 

Cercinium, a town of Pelasgiotis, Thessaly, 
w. of Bsebe lacus. 

Cercopia, a town of Phrygia Magna, near 
Synnada. 

Cercusium, Mesopotamis, L q. Circesium. 

Cbroilium m., a hill of ^Ksaltia, Macedonia, 
near the mouth of Strymon fl. 

GiBsoNiA, Dsmusy i. q. Herdonia. 



Cbreate (Cirrhseate), a village of theYolsd, 
Latium, bet. Anagnia and Sora. The 
residence, in his youth, of Marius. 

Cere^, a town of Paphlagonia, 20 m. from 
Tycse. 

Cerebejlliaca, a town of the Segelauni^ 
Viennensis, bet. Valentia n.w. and Augusta 
Tricastinorum s.e. 

Cereris specula (Demetros scopias) prom.,, 
a pr. of Africa, on Arabicus sin., 9 geog. 
m. s. from Dioscoron portus. 

Ceresius lacus, a lake of the Orobii, Gallia 
Transpadana, bet. Verbanus lacus and La- 
rius lacus. Lago di Lagano. 

Ceressus, I. a fortress of Boeotia, on Heli- 
con m., N.E. of Ascra. II. of the Lacetani, 
Tarraconensis, N.E. of Telobis. Ceroera? 

Ceretapa, a town of Phrygia Magna, on 
Aulindenus fl., bet. Ascania laras and 
Colossse. 

Cereura, a port of Limyrica, Indise, sjb. q| 
Bacari. Cananor, 

Cerfenna, a town of the Marsi, near tiie 
N.E. extremity of Fucinus lacus, bet. Mar- 
rubium (7) and Alba Fucentia. SoMf 
Felicita or Colli. 

Cerill^ (Carillse), a maritime town of 
Bruttiiim, bet. Laus and Clampetia (40), 
on Via Aquilia. Cirella Vecchia, 

Cerinthus, a town of EUopia, Euboea,near 
Budorus fl., E. of Artemisium pronu 
Founded by Cothon. Geronda, 

Cermorus sinus, i. q. Strymonicus sin. 

Cerne ins., an isl. of E^opia, in the At- 
lantic, s.w. of Atlas Major, according to 
Hanno, two days' sail s. and one e. from 
Herculeum Fretum. From its agreeable 
climate it is called by Dionysius Periegetes, 
Tempe. It was colonized by Hanno. 
Arguin, 

Cerneatis ins., a name in Lycophron 
of Corsica. 

Cerones (Creones), a maritime tribe of 
Caledonii, w. below the Vacomagi. Part9 
of Arggleshire and Inoemesa. 

Cerretani (Cerretani Juliani, Cerretani 
Augustani), an Iberian people of Tarraco- 
nensis, N. and N.B. of the Ilergetes. Nm 
Catalonia. 

Cersie, a town of the Ratacenses, Dada, 
bet. Parolissum and Cargiana (17). Near 
Kemetzel. 

Cersunum, a town of Corsica, on Tavola fL^ 
L., above Taknnum. 

Certim^ (Alee), a town of the Turtetani, 
Betica, n.e. of Munda. 

CERViE, a town of Byzacene, bet. Ad Torres 
and Alonianum (20). 

CERViERi^, I. a pr. of Narbonensis, 8.E. of 
Cervaria, the s. boundary at that poiiit oC 



CER 



104 



CHiE 



Gaul. II. a fort of the Sardones, Nar- 
bonensis, under the Pyrenees, s.e. of Illi- 
beris. Cervera, 

Cerycius m., a m. of Boeotia, towards Ore- 
pus. * The birth-place of Mercury. 

Cerynea, rectiua Ceraunia, one of the twelve 
cities of Achaia, on Cerynites fl., s.e. of 
Helice. 

Cbrynia m.| a m. of Achaia, on the borders 
of Arcadia. 

Cerynites fl., a r. of Achaia, rising in Cery- 
nia m., and falling into Corintluacus sin. 
near Cerynia. Bokhusia, 

Cespedium, a citadel of Pisidia, near Selge. 

Cessero, a town of the Volcse Tectosages, 
Narbonensis, n^ Agatha. St. Thy- 
beri, 

Cestije, a town of the Taurini, Liguria, on 
Padus fl., R.,bet. Quadrata(11)and Rigo- 
maguSi on Via Aurelia. Cizzengo, 

Cestrine, I. (Cestria), a district of Epirus, on 
the coast bet. Chaonia and Thesprotia, 
and extending inland to Tomarus m. 
Koted for its oxen. II. priua Cammania, 
its capital, on Cestrines fl., under Tomarus 
m. s.w. Named from Cestrinus, son of 
Helenus. Philates. 

Cestrinus fl., a r. of Cestrine, rising in To- 
marus m., and falling into the Thyamis at 
Gitanse. Ceramitza, 

Cestrus fl., a r. of Pamphylia, rising n.e. of 
Sagalassus, and falling into the sea 8 m. 
e. of Attalia. Ak Sou, 

Cetaria, I. a maritime town of Etruria, 
under Argentarius m. n., opposite Cetaria 
Domitiana (3). II. sumamed Domitiana, 
of Etruria, on Via Aurelia, bet. Cosa and 
Telamon. Calla della Scuarciaiore 7 
III. of Sicily, N. bet. Bathys fl. and Pa- 
normus. 

Ceteii, a name, with Homer, of the Mysian 
subjects of Eurypylus. 

Ceteius fl., a r. of Mysia, rising in Pindasus 
m., and falling into Caicus fl. below Teu- 
thrania. Barmakpatras-tchay. 

Cbtia prom., a pr. of Crete, dividing Did3nni 
sin. into two portions. C. Sitia. 

Cetis (Cinnatis), a district of Cilicia Trachea, 
on Calycadnus fl., towards its e. source. 

CsTiUM (Citium), a town of the Boii, Nori- 
cum, under Cetius m., n. of Comageni. A 
colonia (.£lia Cetiensis). 

C£tius m., a ridge of Alps, the n.w. boun- 
dary of Pannonia and Noiicum. Kahlen- 
herg, 

Cetobriga (Csetobrix), a maritime town of 
the Celtid, Lusitania, bet. Cepiana w. and 
Malceca b. Named from its fishery. Se- 
iuval, 

Cbtti, a demus of AtticSi of the tribe Leon- 



tis. The birth-place of Eubulus, the comic 
writer. 

Ceyelum, a town of the Taxaudri, Germania 
II., on the Mosa, L., bet. Grinnes and 
Blariacum. 

Cevenna m., m. of Aquitania I. and Nar- 
bonensis, running s.w. — ^n.e. bet. Carcasso 
and Vienna- Allobrogum. Cevennea. 

Chaa, a town of Triphylia, Elis, bet. Le- 
prseum and Samos. Extinct in Strabo's 
time. 

Chaala, a district of Arabia Felix, in the 
m. bet. Tabala and Nagara. Chaulan, 

Chabala (Cabalaca), a dty of Albania, s.w. 
of Albania. Khablas Var, 

Chabarzuba, the early name of Antipatris, 
Samarise. 

Chaberis, I. a r. of India i. Gangem, rising 
in Bettigus m., and falling into Indicum 
mare by several mouths, n. of Taprobane 
ins. Cavery, II. a town of India i. Gan- 
gem, 4 m. n. from the mouth of Chaberis fl., 
bet. Carura portus and Podoca. Cavery^ 
patam, 

Chabinus m., Arabise, vide Loemus. 

Chablasii (Chablatsei), a people of Arabia 
Felix, n.e. on Achana fl. 

Chabora (Nabagath), a town of Tingene, 
Mesopot., on the Euphrates, at its junc- 
tion with the Chaboras, .opposite Circe- 
sium. 

Chaboras (Aborras, Chabur) fl., a r. of 
Mesopotamia, rising in Masius m. at Res- 
saina, and falling into the Euphrates over 
against Circesium. Al Khabur, 

Chabrias fl., a r. of Chalddice, Macedonia^ 
rising near Heraclea, and falling into the 
Thermaicus sin. below Cissus. 

Chabuata, a town of the Cottabani, Arabise, 
s.e. of Rhabana Regia. Gabbi, 

Chabul, a district of Galilee Sup., given by 
.Solomon to Hiram. 

Chabur ? fl., a r. of Gordyene, Arm., frdling 
into the Tigris, L., below Bezabde. 

Chadaba, a town of Albania Asiat. 

Chadisius, I. a r. of Pontus, falling into 
the Euxine 12§ m. w. from Ancon. II. a 
town at its mouth. 

CHiEANOTJB, a people of Sarmatia, on the 
Euxine n.e. 

Chadini, a people of Scandia ins. w. 

CHiEM^, a tribe of the Longobardi, Ger- 
mania. 

Ch^nides, a people of Sarmatia Asiat., 
near the Rha, s. of the Suardeni. 

Chjbriphi ost., the fourth mouth of the 
Indus from the w. 

Ch^ru saltus, a forest of Messenia, on the 
confines of Laconia, 2} m. e. fr^m Abia. 

CHiBRONEA, a town of Boeotia, on Cephissvs 



CHiE 



105 



CHA 



jS.) R., bet. Orchomenus and Daulls. 
Named from Chseron, son of Apollo, and 
by some considered the Ame of Homer, 
llie birth-place of Plutarch. Memorable 
for the defeat of the Athenians by the 
Boeotians, 447 b.c. ; for the defeat of the 
Athenians and Boeotians by Philip, b.c. 
338 ; for the defeat of Archelaus by Sylla, 
86 B.C. Kaprena. 

Chjetuori (Armalausi), a tribe of Alemanni, 
Germ., on the confines of Vindelicia. 

Chala (Chelonse), capital of Chalonitis, 
Assyr., under Zagrus m., n. of Zagri ports, 
E.N.E. of Artemita. Adsjem Kanikin, 

Chaxadra (Ghaladrse), a town of Eordsea, 
under Chaladrus m., n.w. of Agassa. 
Coffliana, 

Chaladrus m., a m. of Eordsea, Macedonia, 
separating that district frt)m Orestis and 
Elymeea. 

Chal^on, a town of Locris, on Crissseus 
sin., N.w. of Cirrha. Lamaki. 

Chalastra, a town of Amphaxitis, Mace- 
donia, at the mouth of Axius fl. The in- 
habitants were removed to Thessalonica 
by Cassander. 

Chalbici, a people of Narbonensis, on the 
Rhodanus. About Chablaia. 

Chalca (Talca, Talge) ins., an isl. in the 
Euxine, near the mouth of Maxera fl. 
Said to abound in spontaneous corn and 
fruits, sacred to the gods. 

Chaxceritis ins., i. q. Aretias. 

Chalcetores (Chalcetorium), a town of 
Caria, s. of Miletus. 

Chalcia ins., one of the Sporades, 8.E. of 
Telos, with a cognominal town. 

Chalc^dYce, I. a peninsula of Macedonia, 
bounded n. by Mygdonia, s. and w. by 
Thermaicus sin., e. by Strymonicus sin. 
Colonized and named by Chalddians of 
Euboea. II. a district of Syria, about 
Chalds. 

Chalcis, I. a maritime district of Ionia, bet. 
Corycnm prom, and Teos. II. one of the 
Echinades ins. III. (Chalcia), a m. of 
^tolia, overlooking Chalds. Vartuova, 
IV. a pr. of Ionia, e. of Corycum prom., 
with a grove of Aleomnder the Great, where 
games in his honour were celebrated by 
tiie Ionian states. Vromo, V. a r. of Tri- 
phylia, Elis, falling into the sea s.w. of 
ScUlus. Mundritza, YI. (Chalcia, Hypo- 
chalds), a town of ^tolia, at the mouth of 
Evenus fl., under Chalds m. Galata, 

VII. capitol of Chalddioe, Syr., s.w. of 
Beraea, on Chains fl. Near Kinnasrin, 

VIII. a town of Corinthia, on Corinthiacus 
an., bet. Lechseum and Coronea. IX. 
po$i€a Euriposy capital of Eaboea, on the 



Euripus, over against (n.e.) Aulis. A dty 
anterior to the siege of Troy ; enlarged by 
an Ionian colony from Athens, under Cot- 
tius. It was connected with the continent 
by a wooden bridge, constructed b.c. 410. 
The birth-place of Lycophron. Egripo, 
Negropont. X. a town of Triphylia, Elis, 
on Chalds fl. 

Chalcitis, I. regio, a district of India, on 
Lanos fl., n. of the Acadrse. II. ins., one 
of the Demonesi ins., fiithynia, s. of 
Calchedon. Karkia. 

Chalds a, generally. Babylonia; specially, a 
district of Babylonia, on the Euphrates, 
R., towards its junction with the Tigris. 

Chald^i, I. a people of Arabia, bet. the 
Euphrates and the n.w. coast of Persicus 
sin. Tribe of Beni Khaled, II. of Ar- 
menia, i. q. Chalybes. 

Chaldaici lac., several lakes of Babylonia, 
formed by the Euphrates towards its con- 
fluence with the Tigris. 

Chaldone prom., a pr. of Arabia Felix, on 
Persicus sin., over against Salsum fl. 

Chali, a people of Cimbrica Chersonesus, 
N. of the Cobandi. JST, Schleswig and S, 
Jutland, 

Chalia, a town of Boeotia, on the Euripus, 
N. of Oropus. 

Chalion, I. a town of the Locri Ozolse, at 
the n.w. extremity of Crissseus sin. Agia 
Eufemia. II. its port. Monastir Contziro, 

Chalis, a maritime town of Sicily s., bet. 
Phalarium and Calvisiana. 

Chalonitis, a district of Assyria, bet. Apol- 
loniatis and Zagrus m., in lengtli 15. geog. 
m. Kizil-Kubat, 

Chaltapetis, the n. portion of Susiana. 

Chalus fl., a r. of Syria, falling into a lake, 
s. of Chalcis. KoeiJe, 

Chalusus fl., a r. of Germania Mag., falling 
into Lagnus sin., after separating the 
Saxones from the Teutones. Trave, 

Chalybes (Chaldsei, Chaldi), a people, or 
perhaps rather a caste, scattered about 
the coast of Pontus and Paphlagonia, bet* 
Armenia and Halys fl. Noted as workers 
in iron. 

Chalybonitis, a district of Syria, on Chalus 
fl. 

Chalybs fl., Tarraconensis, i. q. Callipos. 

Chamavi (Frand), a 'tribe of Istaevones, 
Germ., bet. the Rhine, the Amisus, and 
the Luppia. 

Chammanene, a prefecture of Cappadoda, 
towards Pontus, n. of Cilida prefectura. 

Chanes fl., a r. of Albania, falling into the 
Cyrus. 

Chanunia (Chaonia), a town of Cyrrhesticay 
bet. Dolidie and Cyxrhua. 



CHA 



106 



CHA 



Chaon m.y a m. of Argolis, overlooking 
Trochos. 

Chaonia, a district of E{Hras (at one time 
an independent state), on the confines of 
Illyria, extending along the coast to Ces- 
trine, and inland to a considerable but un- 
certain distance. Named after Chaonus, 
who married Andromache after the death 
of Pyrrhus I. Settled by Pelasgi. 

Characa, capital of the Characitani, Tarra- 
conensis, s.s^. of Segobriga. 

CharacarbA) a town of Bactriana, on the 
Oxus, near the confluence of the Ochus. 
Mam Amu. 

Characene, I. a district of Cilida, n. of 
Seleucia. II. of Susiana Elymais, on Per- 
sicus sin. Karg, 

Characitani, a tribe of Celtiberi, Tar- 
raconensis, on Sucro fl., towards its 
source. 

Characoma, a town of Laconia, on Eurotas 
a., bet. Sparta and Pellane. PeHbolia, 

Characometes fonSy hot springs at Charaz, 
Lydia. 

CHARADEiB, a peoplo of Godrosia, on the 
borders of Carmania. 

Charadra, a town of Phocis, on Charadrus 
fl., 2^ m. N.w. from Liliea. Destroyed by 
Xerxes. Mariolates. 

Charadrus fl., I. a r. of Achaia, falling into 
Corinthiacus sin. s.w. of Rhium. II. of 
Argolis, falling into Argolicus sin. near 
Temenium. Planitza, III. of Attica, ris- 
ing in Lycabellus m., and falling into the 
JSgean below Phegus. Kenusio. lY. of 
Messenia, running into Leucas fl. s.w. of 
Andania. V. of Molossis, Epirus, rising 
towards Passaro, and falling into Ambra- 
dos sin. N.E. of Nicopolis. Louricha, 
TI. of Phocis, falling into Cephisius fl. 
near Charadra. VII. a fortress of Cilida 
Trachea, under Andriclus m., 12^ m. s.e. 
^om Aragus prom. Karadran. VIII. a 
town of Molossis, Epirus, on Charadrus fl., 
N.w. of Ambracus. Rogous, 

Charax, I. a fortress of ^tulane, Armenia 
Minor. II. of Bithynia, on Astacenus sin., 
near Nicomedia. III. of the Cadusii, Med., 
on the Caspian, n. of Cjrropolis. IV. of 
Corsica, w. above Circidius fl. V. of Egypt, 
on Barathra palus. Built by Chabrias. 
in[. of Lydia, in the immediate vicinity of 
Tralles. VII. of Media Ragiana, w. of 
CaspiBB Portse. Kesker. VIII. of Per- 
rheebia, Thessaly, on Peneus fl., L., at the 
ontrance of Tempe. IX. (Alexandri), of 
Phrygia, near Ccienae, on the site of an 
encampment of Alexander. X. a town of 
the Psylli, Africa P., on Syrtb Maj., bet. 
Zur and Ad Speloncas. A meraintile 



establishment of the Carthaginians. Mis- 
named by Ptolemy Pharax. Enemra, 

XI. capitid of Susiana, Characene, on tiie 
Tigris, towards its mouth. Built by Alex- 
ander, and named Alexandria; restored 
by Antiochus, and caUed Antiochia and 
Charax, from its strong position ; and after- 
wards enlai^ed by Spasines, an ArabiaiL 
chief and called Spasines. Jali Agmtp. 

XII. (Castrum Gurzubitense), a maritime* 
fortress of Taurica Chersonesus, M.B. of 
Criumetopon prom. Alupka, 

Charbanus m., m. of Asia, sepaiating 

Media from Susiana. 
Charcha, a town of Mesopotamia, towards 

Besabde. 
Charecla, a town of Pentapolis Cyrenaicc^ 

E. of Berenice. 
Chargata, I. a district of Arabia, n. of 

the Catanitse. Kardje, II. a town on 

the Red Sea, opposite Jerachseonun ins. 

Kardje. 
Charidbmum prom., a pr. of Bsetica, bet. 

Magnus Portus n. and Massienus sin. 

N.E. Cabo de Gata, 
Charieis fl., vide Charisius. 
CHARiMALiB, a poople of Poutos, undfir 

Moschid m. 
Charm^i, Arabise, i. q. Carman regia. 
Charmothus portus, a port of the Thamy- 

deni, on the Red Sea, s. of Chersonesus 

Acra. Sharmo. 
Charinda fl., a r. of Media Magna, fiiUmg 

into the Caspian on the borders of Hyr- 

cania. 
Charisia, a village of Arcadia, 1| m. N» 

from Sdas. Bi^t by Charisius, son of 

Lycaon. 
Charisius (Charieis, Charistus, Chams) fl.y 

a r. of Colchis, falling into the Euzine, v. 

of Phasis fl. 
Ch ARRAC ART A, a towu of Sogdiaua, on Poly- 

timetus fl., below Bactra. 
Charudes, a people of Cimbrica Cher- 
sonesus, N.S. of the ChalL 
Charybdis, a whirlpool in Siculum Fretom, 

N. over against Scylla, having strong tidal 

currents. 
Chastia, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

^neis, N.w. of Achamse. KagHcu 
Chasuarii (Chattuarii, Attuarii), a tribe of 

IngsBvcmes, on the confines of the Istc- 

vones, bet. the Ansibarii n. and the Angri- 

varii 8. 
Chateni, a people of Arabia Felix, on Capens 

sin. about Istriana. 
Chatramis, a district of Arabia Felix, bet. 

Persicus sin. and the Blieulei. 
CHATRAMOTiTiB, a poople of Arabia Felix^ 

N. of the Adramitse. HadramtmU 



CHA 



107 



CHE 



Chatrlsi, a people of India i. Gangem, 

about Apocopa m., s. and w. of the Cas- 

pinei. 
Chattuabji, L <). Cbasnaru. 
Chauci (Cauchi), a tribe of Germania, bet. 

Amisos fl. and Albis fl. There was a 

cohny of them on FleTus lac., n.w. 

tna&er oolonj in Hibernia b., bet. the 

Eblani n. and the Menapii s. 
Chauclbi, Arabise, i. q. Chaldsi. 
Chaulgthjei, Arabise, i. q. Chaldsi. 
Chaunarium (Cannarium) prom, a pr. of 

Libya, s. of Cosenus fl. Cap de Non, 
Chaurana, a town of Scythia e. Imaom, 

under Emodi m. 
Chaus (Calbis) fl., a r. of Fhryg^, fiEdling 

into Indus fl., L. 
Chayel^i, Arabia, i. q. Chaldaei. 
Chaton (Chaon), Media, i. q. Choana. 
Chatum, a town of Tanrica Chersonefms, 

B. of Palacium. 
Chaza, a town of the Syrbotse, Afirics, on 

Astapus fl., w. of Sirbitium. 
Chbbar fl., apud Ezekiel., i. q. Chaborras. 
Chbim o (Chi), a port of Marmarica, 1 m. w. 

from Posirion. 
CHBLiB, a village of Bithynia, on Thradus 

Bosporus, near Pantichium. 
Cbxue, a town of Bithynia, on the Euxine, 

3 m. B. from Apollonia ins. 
Chblidonia, PhrjTgise, i. q. Dinise. 
Chblii>oni^ ins., islets of Lyda, over 

against Sacrum prom. In Strabo's time 

three, at present five. 
Chelidonium prom., Lycise, i. q. Sacrum. 
Chbix>nidbs lac., I. a Idee of Libya, formed 

by Gir fl. II. ins., an isL of the Troglo- 

dkae, in the Red Sea, off Satyrorum prom. 
Chelonites, I. prom., a pr. of Epia in Elis, 

s.w. of H3rrmine prom. C. ToSrnete, II. 

sin., a bay of the Ionian Sea in Elis, at 

Chdonites pr. 
CHBI.ON0PHAGI, a people on the coast of 

Gedrosia and Carmania, who lived on the 

flesh of turtles, and roofed their huts with 

the shells. 
Chbltdorba m., a m. of Arcadia, contiguous 

to Cyllene m., where Mercury found the 

■hell which he formed into a lyre. 
Chemm IS (Chennis), the local name of Pano- 

polis in Thebais. 
Cbbmmitbs Nomos, Egypti, L q. Phthe- 



Chbn (Chense), a town of ILaoonia, near 
Malea prom. The birth-place of Miso. 

Chbnoboscia, a town of Thebais, on the 
Nile, over agamst Diospolis Parva. 

Chbpholab, a town of Benjamin. 

CbbrbuS ins., islets of Eubcea, near JSgHia 
ins. JSxmaUtrL 



Chbrbtt, a town of Lower Egypt, bet. Her- 
mupolis (24) and Alexandria (20). Keriun, 

Chbrith fl., a stream of Palestine, falling 
into the Jordan. The locality of EUjah's 
concealment. Wady-Keli. 

Chbbsis, a maritime town of Cyrenaica, bet. 
Zephyrium prom. (9) and Erythron. 

Chbrsonesus, I. a pr. of iEtolia, w. of 
Chalcis. Missolonghi, II. sumamed Mag- 
na, of Africa, bet. PaUurus and Azilis, 
marking the limits of Marmarica and Cy- 
renaica. III. a port of Marmarica, at 
Chersonesus prom. Rasalin, IV. a pr. of 
Corinthia, on Saronicus sin., w. of Rheitum 
prom. y. of Crete, at Chersonesus. Capo 
di Cor bo. VI. of Egypt, near Alexandria, 
N. VII. of Euboea, on the e. coast, n. of 
Zarax prom. C. Cherronesi. VIII. of 
India i. Gangem, w. below Byzantium. 

IX. sumamed Acra, of the Leanitse, Arabis, 
onPersicussin.,N.ofIcarains. RaselChar* 

X. of Persis, bet. Sitiogagus fl. and Aracia 
ins. XI. the s. extremity of Sardinia. C 
di Teulada, XII. Thracia, a peninsula of 
Thrace, extending along Melas sin. s., and 
the Hellespont n. XIII. Taurica, a pen- 
insula of SarmatiaEuropsea, bet. the Euxine 
and Maeotis palus. Crimea, XIV. a town 
of Astrea, Thrace, e. of Sizeboli. XV. a 
town of Crete, on the w. shore of Didymi 
sin., s. of Zephyrium prom. The port of 
Lyctus. Spina Longa, XVI. a town on 
the w. coast of Crete, bet Phalasama and 
Rhamnus. San Marco. XVII. sumamed 
Heradeotica (Cherrone). XVIII. a mari- 
time town of Taurica Chersonesus, w. above 
Palacium, at the entrance s. of Ctenus 
portus. Near GurUehi. XIX. sumamed 
Vetus, a maritime town of Taurica Cher- 
sonesus, w. below Chersonesus. The earlier 
settlement of tiie M^arenses. XX. a port 
of the Troglodytse, on the Red Sea, n. of 
Mnemion Acron. Komol. 

Chersus fl., Cilidse, i. q. Lycus. 
Chertobalus, a town of the Amantini, Pto- 

nonia, on the Danube, e. of the confluence 

of the Arrabo. 
Cherusci, a tribe of Hermiones, Germ., bet. 

the Angrivariiand Longobardi n., the Chatd 

s., the Bructeri w., and the Senmones and 

Calttcones e. 
Chesinus fl., a r. of Sarmatia Europ., falling 

into Codanus sin. n. of Turuntes fl. 

Dwirui. 
Chbsium prom., a pr. of Samos, near Samoa 

opp. 
Chesius fl., a r. of Samos, foiling into the 

sea at Chesium prom. 
Chbsulotb, a town of Galiliea, bet. Nazareth 

N.w. and Thabor m. 



CHE 



108 



CHO 



Chet^a, a maritime village of Marmarica, 

bet. Zygrse and Zagylis. 
Chidibbela, a town of Zeugitana, on Ba- 
gradas fl., R., bet. Atticellse and Choreva. 
Chiliocomon, I. a district of Assyria, n.e. 
of Arapachitis. Arphad. II. of Pontus, 
on Iris fi.y L., bet. Amasiaand Phazemon. 
III. of Phrygia Epict., near Dorylseum. 
Chimjera, I. a smnmit of Olympus in Lycia, 
near Phaselis, which, emitting a constant 
ilame without smoke or stone, gave rise to 
the fable of Chimsera. II. a maritime 
town of Chaonia, under Acroceraunii m., 
bet. Palseste and Panormus. Kimaro. 
Chimarrus fl., a r. of ArgoUs, running bet. 

Lema and Argos into Argolicus sinus. 
Chimerium prom., a pr. of Thesprotia, bet. 
Sybola portus and Toryne, opposite Paxos 
ins. C. Saracinico, 
Chinalaph fl., a r. of Mauritania Caesar., 
rising in Cinnaba m., and falling into the 
Mediterranean s. of ApoUims prom. 
Shellib. 
Chinneroth (Chinnereth, Cinneroth), 1. q. 

Tiberias. 
Chios, I. ins. (iBthalia, Macris, Pityusa), an 
isl. of Ionia, bet. Erythrse and Psyra ins. 
Successively occupied by Leleges and Ca- 
rians, Pelasgi from Thessaly, and Abantes 
(or lonians) from Euboea. In circuit 125 
m. The birth-place of Ion, Theopompus, 
Theocritus, Metrodorus, and Scymnus. 
Noted for the beauty of its women, and for 
its wine, the finest in all Greece. SciOf 
Chio, II. its capital, on the e. coast, 
opposite ErythrsB. Chio, 
Chitabanit^, a people of Arabia Felix, 

contiguous to the Anchitse. Beni Salem, 
Chirippe, a town of Amordoda, Babyl., on 

Pallacopas canalis, w. of Altha. 
Chisidus, a town of Zeugitana, on Bagradas 

fl., L., bet. Turris and Membrissa. 
Chitone, a demus of Attica. 
Chizarus, a town of Pontus, at the s. ex- 

'tremity of Stephane lac. 
Chliara, warm-baths of Lydia, w. of Sipy- 

lus m. 
Chliat, a town of Armenia, near Arzes. 
Cnumis (Chnubis), the local name of Contra- 

Latopolis, Egypti. 
Choana, I. a town of Bactriana, on Oxus fl. 
II. (Chavon), of the Sidices, Media, near 
Bagistana. Here were gardens planted by 
Semiramis. 
Choarene, I. a district of Arachosia, under 
Bstius m. II. of Media Magna, on the 
borders of Parthia, bet. Jasonius m. and 
Caspius m. 
Choas a.f the early name of Achdous fl., 
.^toliee. 



Choaspes fl., I. (Zuastus, Gurseus) a r. of 
Paropamisus, India, falling into the Indus 
s. of Cophes fl. Attok, II. (Eulsus, the 
Ulai of Scripture) of Susiana, rising in 
Zagrus m. n. of Zagri porta. For some 
distance its course is subterranean ; then, 
rising N. of Susa, it faUs into the Tigris by 
a cut called Pasitigris, below its junction 
with the Euphrates. Its water, peculiarly 
sweet, was sacred to the use of the Persian 
kings. Kerrah, 
Choathras m., i. q. Zagrus. 
Choatrjb, a people of Sarmatia Asiatics. 
Choatres fl., Parthise, i. q. Zioberis. 
Choba (Chobat), a maritime town of Mau- 
ritania Csesariensis, 38 m. w. from Igil- 
gilis. Budscha; Boudgi4. 
Chobar (Chebar), one of the canals between 
the Euphrates and the Tigris, w. of the 
Maarsares. Named from its constructor, 
Grobares. 
Chobota, a town of Albania, s.e. of Albanise 

pylse. Kuba, 
Chobus fl., I. a r. of Ecretice, Colch., Ming 
into the Euxine 27 ni. s. from Singames fl. 
Sckijani ; Kelenhel, II. a town of Col- 
chis, on Chobus fl., at its junction with 
Charisius fl. 
Chodda, a town of Gedrosia, on Pomanus fl. 
Chcbnides, a tribe of Perierbidi, Sarmatia, 

on the Tanais. 
Chcerades ins., ''rocky," i. q. Baleares. 
II. two islets in the Tarentinus sin., ovw 
against Tarentum. San Pietro e San 
Paolo. 
Choes fl. (Coas, Euaspla), a r. of Parapomi- 

sus, falling into the Cophen, L. Semil. 
Ch(et^, a town of Anthemusia, Macedonia. 
Cholargus (Cholargeis), a tribe of Attica^ 

of the tribe Acamantis. 
Cholbesina, a town of Sogdiana, s. of 

Maruca. 
Cholle, a town of Palmyrene, bet. Palmyra 

N.E. and Thapsacus. 
Chollidjs, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

^geis or Leontis. 
Cholmadara, a town of Commagene, on 

the Euphrates, bet. Heba and Samosata. 
Cholua (Coloris), a town of Colchis, on the 

confines of Armenia, s.e. of Azota. 
Choma, I. a place of Arcadia, under Borenin 
m. The boundary between Tegea and 
Megalopolis. II. a defile in the n.e. m. 
of Phrygia, towards Lycaonia. III. a town 
of Lycia, on Adesa fl. 
Chomara, capital of the Chomari, Margift- 

na, on Ochus fl., s. of Alicodra. 
Chomari (Chomi), a people of Margiana, 
' s.w. of the Salaterse. 
ChonEi capital of the Chones, Bruttiumi v» 



CHO 



109 . 



CIA 



of Crimisa. A settlement of Philoctetes. 

Ciro; Casahuona? 
Chones, a mixed tribe of Japyges and ^no- 

trij contiguous to the Leutami. 
Choiubinis arx, a fortress of Sogdiana, s.e. 

of Alexandria Oxiana. 
Chorasmii, a people of Sogdiana, on both 

sides the Oxus, towards its mouth. Uwa- 

razm-iya, 
Chorazan, a town of GaUlee, 2 m. n.w. 

from Capernaum. 
Chordyle, a port of Colchis, bet. Athense 

and Arcadis fl. 
Choreva, a town of Zeugitana, on Bagradas 

il., R., S.E. of Musti. Gloukieh. 
Choroana, a district of Parthia, occupying 

its s.w. angle. 
Chorodna (Corea), a town of Persis Proper, 

s.w. of Persepolis. 
Choromitrene, a district of Media Magna, 

bet. Amardus fl. and Parthia, e. of Jaso- 

nius m. 
Chorsa (Chadus), a town of Siracene, on 

Harpasus fl., R., towards its source. Ka- 

rut. 
Chorsabia, a town of ^tulana, Armenia 

Minor. 
Chorzene (Chorzanene), a district of Ar- 
menia Interior, on the borders of Armenia 

Minor, w. of Astianene. Khosan ; Khord- 

sen, 
Chosol, a town of the Macse, Africa Proper, 

on Syrtis Major, s. bet. Dissio and 

Auzui. 
Chremetes fl., libyse, i. q. Nia. 
Chrendi, a people of Hyrcania, s. 
Chretes fl., Libyae, i. q. Subur. 
Chretina, a maritime town of the Lusitani, 

w.N.w. of Olisipo. Cintra, 
Chronus fl., a r. of Sarmatia e., falling 

into Codanus sin. e. of the Vistula. Pre- 

geL 
Chrysa, I. an isl. on the s. coast of Crete, 

over against Hierapytna. GaidroniH. II. 

a Syro- Phoenician town of JSolis Asiatica, 

bet. Astyra (2J) and Thebe (6J). The 

town of Chryseis. III. sumamed Dia, of 

Troas, on the coast, s. of Alexandria. 
Chrysaorium, a Tillage of Caria, bet. Eu- 

nomus and Stratonicea. With a temple of 

Jupiter Chrysaorius, in which were held 

the assemblies of the Carian states. 
Ch&ysas fl., a r. of Sicily, rising n. of As- 

sorus and falling into Symsethus fl. above 

Murgantia. Dittaino* 
Chryse, ** golden," I. a district of India e. 

Gangem e. Deemed an island. Ava. II. 

a name of Thasos ins. III. an isl. of 

Lemnos ins., which, according to Pausa- 

nias, was submerged by an earthquake. 



another island, called Hiera, rising in it^ 

place. The retreat of Philoctetes, who wa^ 

here bitten by the serpent. 
Chrysoana fl., a r. of Aurea Chersonesus, 

falling into Indicus Oc. opposite Salinse 

ins. Tanaaserim, 
Chrysoballum, a village of Tyanitis, Cap- 

padoda, near Podandus. 
Chrysoceras, I. the harbour of Byzantium. 

Named from its rich draughts of flsh. The 

Golden Horn, II. a pr. of Thrace, near 

Byzantium. 
Chrysondio, a town of Phoebatis, lUyria, w. 

of Gerunium. 
Chrysopolis, I. a later name of Amphipolis, 

Thrace. II. the e. port of Calchedon, 

Bithynia, opposite Byzantium. Scutari. 

III. of Gallia Cisalpina, a designation of 

Parma. 
Chrysorrhoas fl., " golden," I. a r. of 

Argolis, running into Saronicus sin. below 

Troezene. II. of Phrygia Magna, falling 

into Mseander fl. below Hierapolis. Its 

water was of a strongly petrifying quality. 

III. of Syria, composed of Abana, Phar- 

phar, and numerous other streams, which, 

after watering Damascus, loses itself in a 

morass about 15 m. from the city. Bar-- 

radi, 
Chrysus Ostium, the third mouth from the 

w. of the Indus. 
Chthonia, an early name of Crete. 
Chullu, Africae, vide Cullu. 
Chulobetene, a district of Armenia Major. 

Named from Chul, s. of Aram. 
Chuni, a people of Sarmatia e., bet. the 

Rheucanali and the Amadod, k. of the 

Borystbenes. 
Chus, the Scriptural name, according to some 

writers, of Ethiopia ; according to others, 

of Arabia. 
Chydas fl., a r. of Sicily, falling into the 

Tyrrhenian sea at Aluntium. 
Chytona (Ghytana), a town of Cestrine, at 

the junction of Cestrinus and Thyanus ffl. 

A colony from Clazomene. Palaeo Venetio. 
Chytrium (Chytrus), I. a town of Cyprus, 

bet. Cerynia and Salamis. Noted for its 

honey. Chytri, II. a town of Ionia, on 

Hermius sin. s.w., above Clazomenee. 

Tcharpau, 
Ciabrus (Cebrus, Ciambrus), I. a r. of 

Moesia, rising in Scomius m. and falling 

into the Danube at Ciabrus. Zebris. II. 

a town of the Moesi, Moesia Inferior, on 

the Danube, bet. Modiana and Camistrum, 

at the mouth, R., of Ciabiiis. Zebris. 
CiACA, a town of Melitene, Cappadocia, 

bet. Arangee (9) and Mehtene (18). A 

colonia (AJa Prima Augusta). 



CIA 



110 



cm 



CiAGisi, a people of Dada, on the Danube, 
bet. the ^denses and l^e Piephigi. 

CiANUS sinus, a bay of Propontis, Bitiiynia, 
at Cius. Gulf of Mondanich, 

CiBALiE, a city c^ Pannonia Inferior, on 
Bacuntius fl., bet. Ulpianum and Mursa. 
The birth-place of Gratian. The locality 
of the defeat of lidnius by Constantine. 
Vinkouekze, 

CiBOTUS, a maritime Tillage of Bitii3rnia, to- 
wards Astacenus sin. 

CiBYRA, I. a town of Milyas, Lycia, near 
Laodicea. Restored by Tib^us and as- 
signed to Phrygia; still later to Caria. 
Noted for its excellent laws. II. aumamed 
Parva (Cybema), of Pamphylia, on the 
coast, 7i m. s.E. from Melas fl. 

CicJB ins., isl. of Tarraconensis, in tiie At- 
lantic, over against the mouth of the Minius. 
Cies. 

CiCHYBUS, a later name of Ephyre, Thes- 
protia. 

CiciMENi, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica. 

CiciSA, a town of 2ieugitana, on Bagradas fl., 
R., near Carthage. 

Cic5nb8, a maritime peoj^ of Thrace, bet. 
the Bistones and Hebrus fl. It was on 
their coast that Ulysses was first ship- 
wrecked. 

CicoNiA (Grallaicus, Brianticus, Priaticus 
Campus), the country of the Cicones, in 
Thrace. 

CicoNiuM, a town of Bithynia, on Thracius 
Bosporus, N. of Discus prom. A colony 
of Cicones from Thrace. 

CiCYNETHus ins., an isl. of Magnesia, Thes- 
saly, in Pagasaeus sin., off Zelasinm prom., 
with a cognominal town. Trikeri, 

CiCYNNA, a demns of Attica, of the tribe 
Acamantis. 

CiD^Nis, the early name of Elsea, in .^olis 
Asiatica. 

CiDYSsus, a town of Phrygia Epictetns, on 
the confines of Bith3rnia, n. of Diodea. 

CiGURRi, a town of the Autrigones, Tarra- 
conensis, on the Iberus, R., above Velia. 

CiLBiANUS campus, a plain of Lydia, on 
Caystrus fl., extending from Imolus m. to 
Ephesus. 

CiLiANA, a town of theCeltici, Lusitania, on 

Calippus fl., near its mouth. 
CiLiciA, a country of Asia Minor, bounded 
N. by Pisidia, Lycaonia, and Cappadocia ; 
s. by the Mediterranean ; w. by Pisidia 
and Pamphylia ; e. by Syria. Its e. por- 
tion was called, from the peculiar 
'* rugged'* character communicated to it 
by Taurus m., Cilida Trachea ; its e. por- 
tion, from its more open character, Cam- 
pestris. Settled by the Hypachsei, a 



colony of Phoenicians, so called by the 

Greeks, and renamed after Cilix, son of 

Agenor. There were Cilices also inlVoas^ 

Cappadoda, and Mysia^ Itahil. 
CiLiciiE pylae, a defile of Cilida Campefltris^ 

bet. Amanus m. and the sea, extending 

from MgK to Baite. The pass by wfaidk 

Alexander entered Syria, on the same 

night, previous to the battle of Issue, tiiat 

Darius entered Cilida by the Amanice 

pylse. Strette di Scanderoon, 
CiLicuM ins., an islet of Pontus, 2 m. E. 

from Jasonium prom. 
CiLiNi, a tribe of Bracari, Tarraconensis. 
CiLio, a town of Byzaoene, 25 m. w. from 

Sufetula. Casarin. 
CiLizA, a town of Cyrrhestica, bet. Zeugma 

and Onchse. 
CiLLA, I. a Syro-Phoenician town of JEoIis 

Asiatica, w. of Adramyttium. Extinct in 

Pliny's time. II. of Numidia, s. of ^cca 

Venerea. 
CiLLABA, a town of Phazania, s. of B[am- 

mamum. Zuila, 
CiLLJEus fl., a r. of JSolis Asiatica, risng 

in Ida m. and falling into Adramyttenus 

sin. below Cilia. Zikelu 
CiLLiuM, a town of the Odrysse, lliraoe^ 

bet. Parembole and Carasura. 
CiLLUTA ins. (Cilloustin, Psillouskin), an 

isl. at the mouth of the Indus. 
CiLMA, a town of Zeugitana, s. of Maxula. 
CiLURNUM, a town of the Brigantes, Briir 

on Hadrian! mums, s. bet. Hunum and 

Procolitia. Walwick-Chesters, 
CiMARA, a town of Chaldtis Regie, IncGn, 

N.E. of Doana. 
CiMARUS prom., Cretse, i. q. Corycum. 
CiMBA, a town of Sicily, on Hyrminius fl.» 

R., bet. Camerina and Helorum. 
CiMBis portus, a haven of the Cempsi, Bse- 

tica. 
CiMBRA, a town of Rhetla, 2 m. n.e. of 

Tesana. Cimbra, 
CiMBRiCA Chersonesus, a peninsula of 

Scandinavia. Named from the Cimbri,. 

who, however, never dwelt there. Dm- 

mark and Jutland, 
CiMBRiANA, a town of Pannonia, 25 m. n.w. 

from Tricdana. Stuhl-Weiasenhurg. 
CiMBRORUM prom., the n. extremity of dm- 

brica Chersonesus. 
CiMETRA, a town of the Caudini, Sani' 

nium. 
CiMiATA, postea Docea, a town of Paphla- 

gonia, under Olgasys m., N.w.of Andrapa* 
Tosia. 
CiMiATENE, a district of PaphlagoniSi in its 

8.E. angle. 
CiMiNiA silvay vide dminus m. 



CIM 



HI 



CIS 



CiMiNTTS Ueas, a lake of EHroria, s.e. of 
Tarquinii. L, di Vteo; Ronciglione, 

CiMiNUS m., a range of hiUs in Etanria, s. 
and E. of Tarquinii, under which, towards 
Rome, lay Ciminia ailva. 

CiMMERii, I. a people of Sannatia Asiatica, 
on Mseotis palus, descendants of Gomer. 
Tbeir name gradually assuming the form 
of Cimbri, they emigrated to the n.e. parts 
of Grermany, it is uncertain to what parti- 
cular locality, whence they invaded various 
portions of Europe. A body of them 
settled, circa 90 b.c. in Helvetia, and their 
name, at least, remains in the Welsh 
Cymry. II. Campaio^, the people of 
Oumse. 

CiMMERis, an earlier name of Antandrus, 

CiMMBRiuM, a town of Sarmatia Asiatica, 

on Palus Mseotis s., cm Cimmeiiumprom., 

at tibe B. entrance of Bosporus Cimmerius, 

hence named. Eski Krim, II. mare, i. q. 

Eozinus. 
Cimmerius m., am. of Taurica Chersonesus, 

w. of Theodosia. 
CiMOLis (Cinolis), a port of Paphlagonia, 8 

m. E. ftOTo. .^^netes. Kinla, 
CiMOLOS ins. (Echinusa), one of the Spora- 

des, bet. Siphnos and Melos. Noted for 

its figs and for its excellent fuller's earth. 

Argentiera; Cimoiu II. Its capital, on 

the s.w. coast. 
CiNiBDocoLPiT^, a nickname of the Debse, 

Arabie, stigmatizing their effeminacy. 
CiNiBDOPOLTS ins., an isl. of Caria, in Ce- 

ramicus sin. 
CiN^i, Canaan, i. q. Kenites. 
CiNARUS ins. (Cines), one of the Sporades, 

K.E. of Amorgus. Kinara, 
CiNGA fl., a r. of Tarraconensis, rising in 

Edulius m. and flailing into Sicoris fl. at 

Octogesa. Cinca. 
CiNGiLiA, a fortress of the Vestini, Picenum, 

towards Cutina. Citta Aretenga, 
CiNGULARiUM (Zyganium), a town of Phry- 

gia Paroria, near Mesonacte. 
CiNGULUM, a fortress of Picenum, onMiseus 

fL.f s. of Cupra Montana. Built by La- 

bienus. Cingolo, 
CiNiANA, a town of the Bracari, Tarraco- 
nensis, N.E. of Bracara Augusta. 
CiNiATA, a town of Paphlagonia, near Da- 

ctybra. 
CiNiTHn, a people of Libya, on both sides of 

Triton fl. 
CiNiuM (Sineu), a town of Balearis Major, 

B. of Palma. 
CiNKA (Sinna), a town of the Labeates, 

Ulyria, at the n.e. extremity of Labeatis 

palusy bet. Soodra (12) and Birriminum. 



CiNKABA m., m. of Mauritania Caesar.^ 
a N.E. continuation of Madelhubadus m. 

CiNNAMOMOFERA Regio, *' dunamon-pro* 
ducing" (Aromatophoros), a region of 
Ethiopia, on the s.e. coast of Erytimeum 
mare. 

CiNYPS fl. (Cinyphus), a r. of Syrtica Regio^ 
falling into the sea, after a course of about 
25 91., E. of Leptis Magna. Wadg Q^a^ 
han. 

CiPHisus, a maritime village of Cilida Tra- 
chea, near Aphrodisias. 

CiRCEii, a town of the Volsci, Latinm^ 
witiiin Circeium prom., bet. Ad Turres 
Albas (9) and Tarraciua (13), on Via Seve-> 
riana. Founded by Tarquin. The fabled 
abode of Ciroe. Noted for its oysters and 
for its wild boars. The retreat of Lepidus* 
San Felice. 

CiRCEUM prom., a pr. of Latium, at Circeii. 
The fabled abode of Circe. Here was the 
tomb of Elpenor. It was noted for a 
variety of poisonous herbs. Monte Cir» 
cello. 

CiRCESiuM (Carchemish, Carcusium, Phale* 
gia), a city of Mesopotamia, on the Eu- 
phrates, at its junction with tiie Chaboras* 
Kirkessieh. 

Circus fl., a r. of Euboea, which rendered 
the fleece of sheep white. 

CiRNA m., m. of Zeugitana, x. of Bagradas 
fl. Iskell. 

CiRPis, Paunonise, i. q. Carpis. 

CiRRH A, a town of Phocis, the port of Delphi^ 
at the mouth of Pleistus fl., on Criss8eu» 
sin. Demolished for sacrilege, but restored 
by the Amphissians. Xeno Pegadia, 

CiRRHADi, a people of India e. Gangem, on 
Gangeticus sin., s. of the mouth of (Eda- 
nes fl. 

CiRTA, po8tea Constantina, capital of Numi- 
dia, on Ampsagas fl., L., bet. Ad Palmam 
and Signs. A colonia of Caesar, named 
from the leader of the colony, P. Sittius 
(Colonia Julia Sittianorum). Constantina^ 

CiRTiSA (Certis), a town of Pannonia In- 
ferior, bet. Cibalis and Leuconum. Dta- 
kovar. 

CisAMUS, a port of Crete, at the head of 
Martilus sin. Kisamo. 

CisiMBRUM, a town of the Turtuli, Bsetica, 
bet. jEgabrum m.w. and Hippo Nova 

S.E. 

CissA, I. a r. of Colchis, falling into the 
Euxine, 16 m. s. from Apsarus fl. II. a 
fountain of Arcadia, under Ostradna m. 
III. (Zygopolis,) capital of the Cissii, at 
the moutii of Cissa fl. IV. (Lissa) a town 
of the Lacetani, TarraoonensiSy on Ibenis 
fl. Guiasona, 



CIS 



112 



CLA 



CissERUssA ins., an isL of Rhodes, towards 
Cnidus. 

Cissi, a maritime village of Mauritania 
Caesar., w. of Rusucurrum. 

CissiA, the central district of Sosiana Ely- 
mais, about Seleucia. With Herodotus 
and Ptolemy an appellation of Susiana 
itself. 

CissiDES prom., a pr. of Lycia, 10 m. from 
Lagusa. 

Cissii m., m. of Sarmatia Asiatica. 

Cissus, a town of Amphaxitis, Macedonia, 
near Thessalonica. The birth- place of 
Cisseus. Cism^, II. the port of Erythrse, 
Ionia. 

Cisterns, a town of the Macee, Africa 
Proper, on Syrtis Major, w. of Trieron 
prom. 

CiSTHENE, a port of Mo^ Asiatica, w. of 
Pyrrha prom. Near it were copper mines. 
Deserted in Strabo's time. 

CiSTOBOCi, a people of Dada, bet. the Tyras 
and the Parata ffl., n. of the Harpii. 

CiSTOviA, a town of Germania Magna, near 
Albis fl., E. of Caenocnvfm. 

CiSTRAMUM, a fortress of Cilicia Campestris, 
near Anazarba. 

CiTH^RON m., a chain of m. separating 
Boeotiafrom Megaris and Attica, a w. con- 
tinuation of Pames m. Sacred to Jupiter 
Cithseronius and to Bacchus. The scene 
of the death of Actseon and of Pen- 
theus, and of the exposure of (Edipus. 
Elatea. 

diTHARASTA, I. a pr. of the Commoni, Nar- 
bonensis, bet. Taurentum and Olbia. Cap 
Cepet, II. a town on the cognomiaal 
prom. Cioiat, near Ceiresie, 

CiTHARizuM, a town of Sophene, Armenia, 
on the s. arm of the Euphrates. 

CiTiUM, I. a city of Cyprus s., at a cog- 
nominal prom. Founded by Belus. From 
its name the Scriptural designation of the 
Gentiles, Chittim^ is supposed to havel)een 
derived. The death-place of Cimon the 
Athenian. The birth-place of Zeno and 
of ApoUonias. Chiti, 

CiUM, a town of Mcesia Inferior, on the 
Danube, bet. Bereum and Carsum. 

Cius fl., I. i. q. Ascanius Bithyniae. II. i. q. 
Oescus. III. a city of Bithynia, on Cianus 
sin., at the mouth of Ascanius fi., R. The 
port of Nicaea. A Milesian colony. De- 
stroyed by Philip, son of Demetrius ; re- 
built by Prusias, and called for a time 
Prusias ad Mare. Kio, 

Cladeus fl., a r. of Elis, rising near Thrau- 
stus and falUng into Alpheus fl., e. of 
Olympia. Stauro-Kephali. 

Clampetia, a maritime town of Bruttium, 



bet. Cerillae (40) and Tempsa (10), on Via 
Aquilia. Amantia, 

Clanis fl. (Glanis), an early name of the 
Liris. II. a r. of Etruria, rising near 
Arretium and falling into the Tiber n.e. of 
Vulsinii. Chiana, 

Clanius fl., Campaniae, i. q. Litemus. 

Clanum, a town of the Senones, Lugdun^- 
sis IV., bet. Agenticum w. and Augusto-t* 
bona e.n.e. 

Clarenna, a town of Germania Magna, on 
Niter fl., R., below Grinario. 

Clarius fl., a r. of Cyprus, 

Claros, a village of Ionia, on the coast, bet. 
Colophon and Ephesus. The seat of the 
oracle of Apollo Clarius, where Mopsus de- 
feated Calchas. Zille. 

Clastidium, a town of the Ananes, liguria, 
E. of Iria. The locahty of the defeat of 
Viridomarus by Claudius Marcdlus. The 
principal depot of Hannibal's army while 
encamped on Trebia fl. Caateggio, 

Claterna, a town of Gallia Cispadana, bet. 
Bononia (15) and Forum Comelii (13), on 
Via Emilia Lepida. Quadema, 

Claud A ins. (Claudus), I. an isl. on the s. 
coast of Crete, 25 m. s. from Phoenix por- 
tus. Gqfdanisi. II. its town. Gqfda. 

Claudanum, vide Pons Servilii; 

Claudias (Claudiopolis, Arclaudia), a town 
of Laviniasene, Cappadocia, on Euphrates 
fl., below Melita. 

Claudiomerium, a town of the Artabri, 
Tarraconensis, e. of Artabrum prom. 

Claudiopolis, I. a later name of Bitiiynium, 
Bithynia. II. Cappadocia, i. q. Heraclea. 
III. a town of Cilicia Trachea, on Caly- 
cadnus fl., above Philadelphia. Founded 
by Claudius. Mout, IV. a town of the 
Trocmi, Galatia, on Halys fl., n.w. of 
Carissa. 

Claudis, a town of Numidia, s.s.e. of Cirta. 

Claudius m.j m. of Pannonia, towards 
Moesia. Bacherberg. 

Claudonium, a town of Noricum, near 
Tregisamum. 

Clausentum, a town of the Regni, Brit, 
s.w. of Venta Belgarum. Bittern Farw, 
1 m. N.^.from Southampton, 

Clausula fl., a r. of the Labeates, Illyria, 
falling into Barbana fl. below Scodra, and 
forming with it Oriuns fl. DHvasti. 

Clautinatii, VindeUciae, i. q. Catenates. 

Clavenna, a town of the Orobii, Gallia 
Transpadana, bet. Tarvesedum (15) and 
Summus lacus (10). Chiavenna. 

Clazomen^, one of the twelve cities of 
Ionia, at the s.w. extremity of Hermins 
sin., below Chytrium. Built by a colony 
of Cleonaeans and Phliasians on a penin- 



CLE 



113 



CNB 



sula, afterwards connected with the main- 
land by Alexander the Great. The birth- 
place of Anaxagoras. Vourla. 

Cleandria, a town of MoUs Asiatica, 7i m. 
N. from Celsenae, on Rhodius fl. 

Clela, a town of Bruttimn, on Sabbatus fl., 
R., above Clampetia. Pietramala, 

Ci<E0N^, I. a town of Acte, Macedonia, on 
Singiticus sin., n.w. of Thyssus. A colony 
from Chalcis, Eubcea. II. of Argolis, bet. 
Corinth (10) and Nemea. Near it Her- 
cules slew the Moliones. Cortese. 

Cleopatris, Egyptiy i. q. Arsinoe Heroo- 
politana. 

Clepidava, a town of Sarmatia e., on or 
near Tyras fl., above Patridava. 

Clepsydra fl., a stream near Me^ene. 

Cleusis fl., i. q. Clusius. 

Clibanus, a town of Isauria. 

CuBANus m.y a ridge of the Apennines, in 
Bruttium, parallel with Neaethus fl., R. 
Monte Viaardo. 

Clides prom., Cypri, i. q. Dinaretum. 

Climax, ** ladder,'' I. a defile in Artemisium 
m., bet. Mantinea and Argos, s. of Prinus. 
A part of the ascent was cut in steps, 
whence the name. Scalatou Bey. II. of 
Solymei m., Lyda, on the sea-shore, e. of 
Phaselis. III. Pisidise, i. q. Termessus. 
lY. eumamed Magnus, bet. Susiana-Chal- 
lapetis and Persis, s.w. of Aspadana. 
V. m. of Arabia Felix, the w. boundary 
of the Chatramotitse. Djebil Nakhil, 
YI. a port of Paphlagonia, 6 m. e. from 
Crobiolus. 

Climberris, i. q. Augusta Ausciorum. 

Clisobra (Surapuru), a town of the Sura- 
seni, India, on Diamana fi., near its junc- 
tion with Sambus fl. 

Clisura, a defile of Taurus, in Armenia, 8 
m. from Phison. 

Clitjs, I. a tribe of mountaineers in Cilicia 
Trachea. II. a town of Bithynia, on 
Billseus fl., E. of Hadrianopolis. III. a 
town of Pallene, Macedonia, near Cassan- 
dnea. 

Cliternia, a maritime town of Daunia, 
Apulia, S.E. of Tifemus fl. Sacchione, 

Cliternum, capital of the ^qui, La- 
tium. 

Clitor, a town of Arcadia, under Aroanius 
m., w. of Pheneus. Founded by CUtor, 
son of Azan. Katzanes, 

Clitorius fl., I. a r. of Arcadia, falling into 
Aroanius fl. at Clitor. Its fish were said 
to sing. II. fons, i. q. Azanius. 

Clitumnus fl., a sacred r. of Umbria, rising 
near Ad Monies and falling into the Tiber 
above Yettuna. Clitunno. 

Clodiana (Castra Claudiana), a town of the 



Eordeti, Ill3nria, on the site of an encamp- 
ment of Appius Claudius, on the Egnatia 
Yia, bet. Epidamnus (43) and Scampis 

• (20). 

Clodianus fl. (Fluvia Alba), a r. of Tarra- 
conensis, falling into the Mediterranean at 
Emporiae. Muga ; Lobregat Menor. 

Cluacaria, a town of Zeugitana, bet. Ele- 
phantaria and Tuburbis Mhior. 

Cluana, a town of Picenum, on Tinna fl., 3 
m. from its mouth. Sanf Elpidio. 

Cludrus fl., Phrygia, i. q. Glaucus. 

Clunia, I. capital of the Arevacae, Tarraco- 
nensis, n.w. of Uxama. A colonia. CO' 
runna del Conde. II. a town of the Ru- 
gusci, Rhaetia, on the Rhine, 16 m. n. from 
Magia. 

Clunium, a maritime town of Corsica, e. 
above Mantinorum opp. San Catarina. 

Clupea, vide Clypea. . 

Clusina palus, a marsh of Etruria, w. of 
Trasimenus lacus. Val di Chiana, 

Clusium, pritis Camers, one of the Twelve 
Cities of Etruria, bet. Yolsinii (30) and Ad 
Novas Statuas (12), on Via Cassia. The 
capital of Porsenna. 

Clusius fl. (Cleusis), a r. of Gallia Cisalpina, 
falling into the Ollius at Bedriacum. The 
e. boundary of the Insubres. Chiese, 

Cluso fl., a r. of Gallia Transpadana, rising 
in Alpes Cottiae, near Scincomagus, and 
falling into Padus fl. below Forum Vibii. 
Chissone. 

Clusora (Clausa), a town of the Centrones, 
Galliae. Clttse. 

Cluternum, a town of Samnium, 9 m. s.w. 
from iEsernia. Capriati. 

Cluvia, a town of the Hirpini, Samnium, 
10 m. n.e. from Beneventum. Monte' 
chiodi. 

Clyd^e (Chydae, Lydae), a port of Caria, w. 
of Crya. 

Clylipenus sinus, a gulf of Sarmaticus 
Oceanus. (rulf of Finland. 

Clypea (Taphitis, Aspis), I. a pr. of Zeugi- 
tana, s. of Mercurii prom. Named from 
its resemblance to a shield. II. a maritime 
town of Zeugitana, bet. Mercurii prom, 
and Curubis (30), on the cognominal 
prom. Built by the Sicilians under Aga- 
thocles. 

Clysma, a town of Arabia, on the Red Sea, 
below Arsinoe. Kolzum. 

Clystrus, CiUdae, vide Caystrus. 

Cnacadius m., a m. of Laconia, near 
Las. 

Cnacion fl., a r. of Laconia, falling into the 
Eurotas, near Lacedaemon. Pantalimona ; 
Trypiotiko. 

Cnemides, a fortress of the Locri Eviiciu&- 

\ 



CNK 



114 



COL 



midii, n.b. of Thrommn, oyer against Ce- 

nseum prom. 
Cnemis m., m. of Locris, towards Bceotia,^ 

which gave name to the Locri Epicne- 

midii. 
Cnidus, a dty of Caria, at Triopiiim prom. 

The metropolis of Doris Asiatica. Founded 

by a Lacedaemonian colony. Here was 

the statue of the Cnidian Venus by Praxi- 
teles. The birth-place of Eudoxus, Aga- 

tharchides, &c. 
Co, a town of Heptanomis, on the Nile, L., 

bet. Tamontum and Ibium. SamalluL 
CoA, Chaldese, i. q. Ur-choa, L e. Ur. 
CoAS fl., i. q. Choes. 
CoBANDi, a tribe of Saxones, Germania, on 

Chalusus H. 
CoBE, a port of Ethiopia, on Erytbneum 

mare, opposite Cane, in Arabia, bet.. Mo- 

syticimi prom, and Niloptolomseum. 

Chaji. 
CoBiALUS (Crobialus), i. q. JBgialns, Pi^hla- 

gonia. 
CoBioMACUM, a town of YolcK Tectosages, 

Narbonensis I., bet. Tolosa and Naibo. 

Cambiac, 
CoBOLiT^ (Bolitse), atribeof Paropamisadse, 

Arachosia, B. of the Sallagydae. Cahool. 
CoBORis ins., an isl. of Anibia Felix, s. of 

Asaborum prom., bet. Labatanis ins. and 

Sambracate. 
CoBRYS portus, the harbour of VHardia, Cher- 

sonesus Thracia. 
CoBucTA, a maritime town of Mauritania 

Ting., N. bet. Toenia Longa and Parie- 

tina. 
CoBULATUs fl., a r. of Pisidia, falling into 

Caralitis palus. 
CocALA, a maritime town of the Oritse, Ge- 

drosia, bet. Ora' and Cabana. 
CocciUM, Brit., i. q. Rigodunum. 
CoccYGins m., prius Thomax, a m. of Ar- 

golis, bet. Halioe and Hermione. Named 

from the metamorphosis of Jupiter into a 

coccyx. 
CocHE (Choche), a town of Sacoea, Arabia, 

near Sabe. 
CocHLEARiA, a poTt of Sardinia, s. of Olbia. 

Porto Pedrami. 
CocHLiA, a port of Caria, 6 m. from Orya. 
CociNTHioN, a town of Cyrenaica, on 
Syrtis Major, bet. Uniodirum and Ad 
Puteum. 
CociNTHUM (Stilida), I. a pr. of Bruttium, 

at the s. entrance of ScyUeticus nn., the 
separation of Ionium mare from Siculum 
mare. It is the longest prom, in Italy. 
Capo di Stilo, II. a town at the prom., 

bet. Scylacium (22) and Succeianum (20). 
StUo. 



CocLK ARi A, a maritime town of the Carenses, 

Sardinia e., bet. Olbia and Feronia. 
CocosA (Coequosa), capital of the Cocosates, 

Novem Populana, on the Aturis, L., bet. 

Tellonum and Aquae Tarbdlicae. Caus- 

seqne, 
CucosATES, tnmamed Sexsignani, a people 

of Novem Populana, on Aturis fl., w. of 

the Tarusates. About Chalosse. 
CocYLiUM, a town of Troas, bet. Naeandria 

and Alexandria. Extinct in PUny's time. 

Kutchulan, 
CocYLUS fl., a r. of Thesprotia, Epirus, 

falling into Acheron fl. Its waters were 

extremely nauseous. 
Cod AN I, a maritime people of Arabia Felix, 

on Betius fl., L. 
CoDANONiA ins. (Candanovia), a supposed 

isl. in Codanus sin. 
CoDANUS sinus, the s.w. portion of Suevi- 

cum mare. Baltic, 
CoDRioN, a fortress of Phoebatis, Illyria, near 

the source of Apsus fl. Codras, 
CoDRONA, a town of Gedrosia, Pardene, n.w. 

of Alexandria Sogdiorum. 
CoDRYLA (Cordylus, Cordyla), a town of 

Pamphylia. 
CoDUZABALA, a towu of Cappadocm, bet.. 

Ariarathia (20) and Comana (24). 
CcEL^ ins., two isleto on the coast of Troas. 
C<ele.Syria, ** hollow Syria," the district 

of Syria, bet. Libanus and Anti-Libanus. 

El Bakaah, 
CoELiOBRiGA, a towu of the Bracari, Tana- 

conensis, near Bracara Augusta ? 
C(ELiuM, a town of Messapia, n. 8 m. 

from the sea. Ceglie. 
C(ELius mons, a town of the Estiones, Vin- 

delida,^ on Ilargus fl., bet. Cambodunum 

and Viana. 
CcELUS, a town of Chersonesus Thracia, on 

the Hellespont, n. of Madytus. £oix, 
C(EN0N Gallicanon, a town of Bithynia, 

bet. Dablae (24) and Dadastana. 
C<ENUS fl., one of the mouths of the Rhoda- 

nus. Gras de Fez. 
CosRESi, a people of Grermania II., bet the 

Condrusi and the Eburones. About Ca- 

rolgau, 
CoEUS fl., a r. of Messenia, falling into 

Electra fl., at Electra. 
CoGAMus fl., a r. of Lydia, £idling into 

Hermus fl. below Philadelphia. 
CoGNi, a people of Germania Magna, on 

the Danube, s.e. of the Lygii. 
CoHiBUS fl., i. q. Chobus. 
CoissA, a town of Gumathene, Armenia, bet 

Corra and Amida. 
CoLACCA, a town of Maliensis, Thessaly, 

destroyed by the Thessalians. 



CX)L 



115 



COL 



CoLANcoRUM, A town of the ^lixigi, Ger- 

mania, n. of Susudata. 
CoLANiCA, a town of tlie Damnii, Britannia 

Barbara, s.w. of lindum. Lanark, 
CoLAPiNi, a people of Fkoinonia s., bet. 

Colapis fl. and Sayus fl., e. of the Lato- 

Colapis fl., a r. of Pannoniai rising in 
Libumia and falling into the Savus at 
Sbda. Kulpe, 

CoukRNi, a town of the Luatani, e.n.e. of 
Clonimbrica. 

CoiiATio, a town of Noricom, 22 m. s.b. 
from Vinumm. 

CoLBUSA, a name of Calchedon. 

CoLCHi, I. a town of India i. Gangem, s.e. 
on Colchicus sin. CoUatoiMr. II. L q. 
Macrones, Pontns. 

CoLCHicuM mare, i. q. Euxinns. 

€k>LCHicus sinns, a bay of Indicum mare, at 
Colchi, India, bet Comaria prom, and 
Cory ins. 

Colchis, I. a country of Asia, bonnded if. 
by Sarmatia Asiatica, at Corax fl., s. by 
Armenia, according to Strabo, at Trape- 
zns ; according to Ptolemy, at Phasis ; 
■aooca^ling to others, at Acampsis, w. by 

- the Enzine, e. by Iberia. Peopled by 
Egyptians. II. a town <^ Elegosine, Ar- 
menia, N. of Thospitis lac. 

CoifNTUM ins., an isl. of Libumia, s. of 
OatesB ins. Mortero. 

CoLETiANi, a people of Pannonia s., bet. 
Airabo fl. and Murus, s. of the Boii. 

CoLi, a port of Aurea Chersonesus, w. bet. 
Attabus fl. and Perincula. Peira» 

CoLiACUM im>m., vide Cory. 

CoLLSUM, a town of Phrygia Epictetus, bet. 
Dioclea and Conni. The birth-place of 
.£sop, and of Alexander the Grammarian. 
Kutaya, 

CoLiAS prom., I. a headland of Attica, 2| m. 
from Phalerum prom. Colias or Tryspyr- 
goi, IL vide Cory. 

CoLicABiA, a town of GaUia Cispadana, on 
Padus fl., R., bet. Hostilia (25) and Mu- 
tina (25). Mirandola, 

CoLLA, a town of the Apsynthii, Tlnraoe, bet. 
.£nos and Zollana. 

CoLLATiA, a town of the Ambilid, Nori- 
cnm, bet. Juenna and UpeUe. II. of 
Dauioia, Apulia, s. of Pantanus lac., under 
Garganus m. CbUaiina, III. of the 
Latini, Latium, n. of Gabii, 4 m. e. of 
Kome. A colony from Albal Memorable 
from the story of Lacretia. On Monte 
Castellaccio, 
CoLLBNTUiff, a town of Scardona ins. 
CoLLODE ins.y an isL of Sardinia, x.e. of 
Sarabus. 



CoLLOPS Magnus, I. Numidise, i. q. Cullu. 

II. Parva, i. q. CuUucitanse. 
CoLOBANORUM prom., a pr. of Ethiopia, 

on the Red Sea, at the n. entrance of 

Adulitanus sin. The boundary of the 

Colobi and Adulitse. 
CoLOBATUs fl., a r. of Pisidia, falling 

into Catarrhactes fl. towards Isionda. 

Estenaz, 
CoLOBi, a tribe of Troglodytee, on the Red 

Sea, w. aboye the Adulitse. 
CoLOBONA, a town of the Turtetani, Baetica, 

bet. Carissa, n.n.e. and Asta Regia s.s.w. 
CoLOBRASsus, a town of PamphyUa, on the 

borders of Cilida, s.e. of Etenna. 
CoLOE (Pseboa), I. a lake of Tenesis, 

iBthiopia, s.w. of Axume. II. a town of 

Pontus, bet. PiaUi (12) and Pida (10). 

III. of Tenesis, Ethiopia, bet. Axume and 
Adulis. 

Colons, I. a town of Mysia, near Lampsa- 
cns. A Milesian colony. II. of Troas, 
on the coast below Alexandria, 15 m. s.w. 
from Troja. The city of Cycnus, father 
of Tennes. lis inhabitants were removed 
to Alexandria Troas. 

CoLONiA, I. a town of the Damnii, Brit., on 
Glota fl., R., above Vanduaria. Carstairs 7 
II. of Cappadocia, on Lycus fl., R., s.E. of 
Cabira. Koulei-hissar, III. of the Tri- 
nobantes, Brit., bet. Combretonium and Ad 
Ansam. IV. Aorippina (Oppidum Ubi- 
orum), capital of the Ubii, Germania I., 
on the Rhine, above Burunca. A colonia 
of Agrippa, enlai^d by Agrippina. Co- 
loffne; Koln. Y. EauESTRis, Maxima 
Sequanorum, i. q. Noviodunum. VI. 
Maritima, of the Avatici, Narbonensis, 
on Astromela Stagnum, w. above Fossee 
Marianse. VII. Trajana (Castra Ulpia), 
of the Gugemi, Germania II., on the Rhine, 
bet. Burginatium and Vetera Castra. The 
station of the HOth legion, and hence sur- 
named Tricesima. Kellen. 

CoLONiDES (Colone), a town of Messenia, on 
Messeniacus sin., 5 m. s. of Corone. A 
colony from Attica. Saratcha, 

CoLONis ins., an isl. of Argolis, in Argolicus 
sin. Spezia'Pulo. 

CoLONUs, gumamed Hippios, a demus of 
Attica, of the tribe iBgeis, bet. Athens and 
Cropia, with a cognominal hill, whither 
CSdipus retired on his banishment. 

Colophon, one of the twelve cities of Ionia, 
on the coast, bet. Lebedos and Ephesus. 
Founded by Andreemon, son of CodruSk 
The birth-place of the poets Mimnermus» 
Phoenix, Antimachus, Hermesiauax, and 
Nicander; of Polymnestus, the musician, 
and Xenophanis; it also \Bi^ ^^sassl V^ 
» 1^ 



COL 



116 



COM 



Homer. Noted for its fine cavalry, and for 
the resina Colophoniana, 

CoLOPHONiORUM portus, the N. harbour of 
Torone in Sithonia, Macedonia. 

CoLORiNAy a town of Auranitis, Babyl., on 
the Euphrates, bet. Achajacala and Olabus. 

CoLOSSJS, postea Chonse, a city of Phrygia 
Mag., N.E. of Laodicea, bet. Mseander fl. 
and Lycus fl. Noted for its wool trade. 
Destroyed by an earthquake in the time of 
Nero ; restored, somewhat more w., under 
the name of Chona;, by one of the Byzan- 
tine emperors. The birth-place of Nicetas, 
the historian, of Epaphras, the disciple of 
St. Paul, and the bearer hither of his 
Epistle to the Colossians, and of Onesimus. 
Konas. 

CoLPUSA, the early name of Calchedon in 
Bithynia. 

Cols A, a town of the Mardi, Armen., n.w. 
of Moranda. Koi's, 

CoLTHENE, a district of Armenia, on Lych- 
nitis lac. 

CoLUBRARiA ius. (Ophiussc), islets of Tarra- 
conensis, n. w. of Ebusus ins. Columbretes, 

Columbaria ins., an isl. of Etruria, near 
Ilva ins. Palmarola, 

Columbarium prom., a pr. of Sardinia, n.e. 
below Arcti prom. C di Sarda. 

CoLUMEN, a town of the Latini, Latium, 
near Labicum. 

Column A, I. (StatuaRegina),a pillar (around 
which grew a town), set up s. of Scylla 
prom, in Bruttium, to mark the narrowest 
point of Fretum Siculum. La Catona, II. a 
place in Etruria, bet. Telamon port, and 
Ambro fl., where a body of Gauls, retreat- 
ing from the battle of Telamo, were de- 
stroyed by Paulus ^milius. Colonna. 

Columnarum Fretum, i. q. Herculis Fre- 
tum; so named from the Columns of 
Hercules. 

CoLUSSA, Paphlagonia, the early name of 
Aboniteichos. 

Colyergta prom., a pr. of Argolis, on Her- 
mionicus sin., at Hermione. 

Colypes, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Mgeis, 

CoLYTHUs, a suburban demus of Athens. 
The birth-place of Plato; the abode of 
j^schines and of Timon the misanthrope. 
The children here were noted for a pecu- 
liarly precocious speech. 

Comagene, a town of the Boii, Noricum, 
bet. Piratortum (8) and Asturis. 

Com an A, I. (Cruse), a dty, first of Cataonia, 
Cappadocia, and afterwards of Armenia, on 
Sarus fl., towards its source, bet. Mazaca 
(64) and Circusus (62). Named from the 
hair of Orestes, deposited here by him in 



the temple of Ma (Bellona). A colonia. 

Al Boston. II. sumamed Pontica, a town 

of Pontus, on Iris fl., towards its source, 

30 m. w. of Zela. Komanak. 
CoMARi, a port of India i. Gangem, e. Cori' 

niacombri. 
Com ARIA (Comar) prom., the s. extremity 

of India i. Gangem, over against Taprobane 

ins. C. Comorin, 
CoMARUS portus, a haven of Molossis, Epi- 

rus, bet. Glykis portus and Nicopolis. 

Near Canali. 
CoMBA, a town of Lyda, towards Araxa. 
CoMBARiSTUM, a towu of the Andecavi, 

Lugdunensis III., bet. Sipia n.w. and 

Juliomagus s.e. 
CoMBREA, a town of Chalcidice, Macedonia. 
CoMBRETONiUM, a towu of the Cenimagni, 

Brit., on Sturius fl., R., bet. Sitomagos 

(22) and Colonia. Woodbridge, 
CoMBUSTA ins., I. an isl. of Arabia Felix, on 

the Red Sea, s.w. of Cardamene ins. II. a 

town of the Volcse Tectosages, Narbonensis 

I., bet. Sulsulse n. and Ruscino. 
CoMBUSTicA, a town of the Moesi, Maes. 

Sup., bet. Ratiaria and Timacus Min. 
CoMEDARUM m., m. of Asia, separating 

Bactria and Sogdiana. 
CoMEDAVA, a town of the Ratacenses, Dae., 

N.w. of Ramidava. 
Comenasis fl., a r. of India i. Grangem, fall- 
ing into the Ganges n. of Agoranes fl. 

Caramnassa; or (Mannert) Sagra. 
CoMiciANA, a town of Sicily, under Maro m., 

s. bet. Agrigentum and Ancyra. 
CoMiNiuM, a town of the Volsci,^ n.e. of 

Atina, near the source of Fibrenus fl. 8, 

Maria del Campo, 
CoMiNiuM (Ceritum), a town of the Pentri, 

Samnium, n.w. of Telesia. Cereto, 
CoMiSENE, the N.E. district of Parthia. 
CoMisiMBELA, a towu of Osrhocuc, on Belias 

fl., bet. Avireth and Alagma. 
CoMMAGENE, a district of Syria, bounded x. 

by Cappadocia at Taurus m., s. by Cyr- 

rhistica, e. by the Euphrates, w. by Syria 

Prop. 
CoMMANiA, the early name of Cestrine in 

Epirus. 
CoMMiNiCA (Commica), i. q. Lugdunum 

Convenarum. 
CoMMORis, a fortress of the Eleutherodlices, 

Cilicia Trachea, in Amanus m. 
CoMMONi, a maritime tribe of Salyes, Nar- 
bonensis, s. of the Sueltri, e. of Massilia. 
CoMO, a town of Pentapolis, Cyrenaicse, bet. 

HadrianopoUs and Arsinoe. 
CoMPASis, a town of Thebais, bet. Aphro- 

ditis and Diospolis, e. of Apollinopolis 

Magna. 



COM 



117 



CON 



CoMPiTUM Anagninum, a station on the 
Via Latum, near Anagnia, named from the 
junction here of the Via Latma and the 
"Via Prsenestina. VUlamagna, 

CoMPiTUM, a town of Gallia -Cispad., bet. 
Csesena (6) and Aiiminum (12), on Via 
Emilia Lepida. 

CoMPLUTicuM, a town of the Bracari, Tarra- 
conensis, e. of Bracara Augusta. 

CoMPLUTUM, a town of the Vaccaei, Tarra- 
conensis, n.n.b. of Titulda. Alcala de 
Henarez, 

CoMPSA, a town of the Hirpini, Samnium, 
on the confines of Lucania, s.e. of Aletrum. 
Conza, 

CoMPSATUs (Cossinates, Consintus) fl., a r. 
of the Bistones, Thrace, rising in Rhodope 
m., and falling into the .^ean at Bistonis 
lacus, w. of Dicaea. 

CoMPULTERiA (Cupulteria), a town of the 
Pentri, Samnium, n. of Calatia, under Cal. 
licula m. Cuttere. 

CoMUM, a town of the Orobii, Gall. Trans- 
padana, at the s.w. extremity of Larius 
lac., bet. Summuslac.(60) and Mediolanum 
(18). A colonia of Julius Caesar, and 
munidpium. The birth-place of Pliny 
Secundus. Como, 

CoNADiPSAS, a district of Scythia i. Imaum, 
E. of the Materi. 

CoNAPSENi, a maritime people of Sarmatia 
Asiat., on the Palus Maeotis, about the n. 
mouth of the Vardanes. 

CoNCABAB (Chaone), a town of Media 
Magna, bet. Ecbatana and Baptana. Ken- 
kobar, 

CoNCANA, a town of Tarraconensis, n.e. of 
Juliobriga. Santiliana, 

CoNCAKOiuM, a town of the Brigantes, Brit., 
S.E. of Diolum. 

Concordia, I. a town of the Cami, Venetia, 
on Romatinus fl., R., towards its mouth, 
bet. Ad Sanos (11) and Apuha (9) on Via 
./Emilia. A colonia of Julius Caesar. Con- 
cordia. II. of the Lusitani, bet. Tubucci 
S.E. and SelUum n.w. III. of the Tri- 
boccl, Germania I., w.n.w. of Tabemae. 
Weissenburg. 

CoNDATE, " at the bend of the river,'' I. a 
town of the Allobroges, Viennensis, on the 
Rhodanus, bet. Geneva and Etanna. II. 
of the Arvemi, Aquitania I., on the Liger, 
R., bet. Revessio e. and Aquae Calidae 
s.w. III. of the Aulerd Eburovices, Lng- 
dunensis II., bet. Noviopaagus n.w. and 
Dnrocasses. IV. of the Comavii, Brit. 
Romana, bet. Mancunium (18) and Deva. 
Northwich, V. of the Petrocorii, Aqui- 
tania II., on Duronius fl., opposite Vatedo. 
VI. postea Redonum, capital of the Re- 



dones, Lugdunensis III., bet. Legedia 
w.N.w. and Sepia. Rennes, VII. of the 
Santones, Aquitania II., on Carantonus fl.^ 
L., bet. Mediolanum and Sarrum. VIII. 
of the Senones, Lugdunensis IV., n.w. of 
Agenticum. IX. of the Senones, Lugdu- 
nensis IV., on the Liger, bet. Brivodurum 
and Massava. 

CoNDATOMAOus, a towu of the Ruteni, on 
Tamis fl., L., bet. Carantomagus and 
Forum Neronis. 

CoNDERATES, a people of Vienniensis, bet. the 
Segusiani and the Rhodanus. About Con." 
drieiuc. 

CoNDERcuM, a town of the Otadeni, Brit., 
on Hadriani murus, n. bet. Hunimi and 
Segedunum. Benwell, 

Condivicnum, postea Namnetes, capital of 
the Namnetes, Lugdunensis III., on the 
Liger, bet. Corbilo and Juliomaguis. 
Nantes, 

Condochates fl., a r. of India i. Gangem, 
falling into the Granges towards Corygaza. 
Gunduk, 

CoNDRusii, a tribe of Tungri, Germania 11., 
on the Mosa, above the Eburones. About 
Condroz. 

CoNDYLEA, a village of Arcadia, adjoining 
Caphyae. 

Confluentes, I. a town of Pannonia Inf. 
on the Danube, bet. Taurunum and Singi- 
dunum. II. of the Tigurini, Germania I., 
on the Rhine, at the confluence of the 
Arula. III. of the Treveri, Germania I., 
on the Rhine, at the confluence, R., of the 
Mosella. Coblentz, 

Con 6 AVAL A, a town of the Otadeni, Brit., on 
Hadriani murus n., opposite Luguvallum. 
Stanwicks. 

CoNGusTUS, a r. of Lycaonia, bet. Pegella 
(20) and Perla (15). 

CoNii, Lusitania, i. q. Cunetes. 

CoNiMBRiGA, a town of the Lusitani, near 
Munda fl., s. of Tahibriga. Two m, S, of 
Coimbra, 

CoNisTURGis (Anistorgis), capital of the Cy- 
netes, Lusitania, on the Anas, towards its 
mouth, opposite Praesidium. 

CoNNi (Cona, Cone, Conipolis), a town of 
Phrygia Magna, 32 m. from Nacolea, near 
the source of Thymbres fl. 

CoNOPE, I. a lake of ^toUa, near Conope, 
the scene of the metamorphosis of Cycnus. 
L. Angelo-Castron, II. a town of ^tolia, 
on Achelous fl., L., bet. Phanae and Me- 
tropolis, immecUately contiguous to Arsinoe. 
AngelO' Castron, 

CoNOPEiuM, a maritime town of Pontus, on 
the border of a cognominal marsh or lake, 
5 m. s. from Nauat&itJamMA. Coum)Q>mox« 



CON 



118 



COP 



CoNOViUM, a town of the Ordovioes, Brit., 
on Toesobis fl., at its mouth, L., near Se- 
gontinm. Caer-rhyn, 
CoNOzus fl., according to Autarch, the early 

name of Strymon fl. 
CoNSAB&UM, a town of the Carpetam, Tar- 
raoonensis, 28 m. n.w. from Murnm. 
Consuera, 
CoNSKNTiA, capital of Bnittium, on Crathis 
fl., near its source, bet. Caprasise (28) and 
Sabbatus fl. (12). Cosenza. 
CoNSiLiNUM, a fortress of Lucania, of uncer- 
tain position. 
CoNSORANi, I. a people of Novem Populana, 
extending into Narbonensis I., under the 
Pyrenees, bet. the ConvenK w, and the 
Sardones e. In Le Couseran*. II. their 
capitaL lAzier. 
CoNSTANTiA, I. a town of the Unelli, Lugdu- 
nensis II., bet. Crodaconum n. and Abrin> 
catui s. Constance. II. Mesopotamiee, 
vide Antoninopohs. III. Africte, i. q. 
. Cirta. 
CoNSTANTiANA, a towu of Moesis Inf., bet. 

Tomi and Pteron prom. 
CoNSUAmsTES (Consuantoi, Contuantii), a 
town of Vindelida, n. of Brigantinus lacus. 
About KcBnipseek, 
CoNTADESDUS fl., a r. of Thrace, rising in 
Hsemus m., and falling into Agrianes fl. 
8.B. of Ostudizum. Saradjala. 
CoNTENEBRA, a towu of Etruria, near Tar- 

quiuii. 
CoNTESTANi, a maritime people of Tarra- 
conensis s.e., bet. Sucronensis sin. n.b. and 
Hassienus sin. s.w. 8. Valencia and 
Murcia. 
CoNTHTLB, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Pandionis. 
CoMTOPARiA Via, the road bet. Corinth and 

Mycenae. 
CoNTOsoLiA, a town of the Turtuli, bet. 

Metelhnum n.w. and Mirobriga 8.s. 
Contra Acincum, postea Pessium, a town 
of the Jazyges Metanastse, on the Danube, 
over against Acincum. Pesth, 
Contra- Apollinopolis, a town of Thebais, 
on the Nile, nearly oppoate ApoUinopolis 
Magna. 
CoNTRA-BiRTHA, a towu of Mesopotamia, 
on the Euphrates, opposite Birtiia, bet. 
Allan and Ciroesium. 
CoNTRA-CoPTos, a towu of Thebais, on the 

Nile, L., opposite Coptos. 
Contra-Latopolis (Chnubis), a town 
of Thebais, on the Nik, R., opposite 
Latopolis. 
Contra -Margum, a town of the Albo- 
oenses, Dacia, on the Danube, opposite 
Maifos. 



Contra-Ombos, a town of Thebais, on the 
Nile, L., abore Ombi a., 24 m. from 
Contra-Syene. 

Contra-Psblcis, i. q. Metaeompso. 

Contra-Stenb, a town of Thebais, on the 
Nile, L., below Syene. Gharly-AMuan, 

Contra-Talmis, a town of Dodecaschoenus,. 
on the Nile, R., opposite Talmis. 

Contra-Taphis, a town of Dodecaschocnus, 
on the Nile, R., opposite Taphis. 

Contra-Tofm, a town of Thebais, on the 
Nile, L., below Toum. 

CoNTREBiA (Leucas), I. postea Cantabria, a 
town of tne Berones, Tarraconensis, on 
the Iberus, opposite Yaria. II. of the 
Carpetani, Tarraconensis, n.b. oi Tcdetum. 
Santaioer? 

CoNTRiBUTA, a towB of the Celtid, Bstnria^ 
bet. Nertobriga s.w. and Julipa n.b. A 
colonia (Julia). San Bartholome del 
Vilhr, 

Coos fl., a r. of Messenia, towards Cypa« 
rissia. 

CoNVALLis (Nivaria, Caspiria) ins., one of the 
Fortonatse ins., Africae. Tenerijff^e. 

CoNVENJi, a people on the Garumna, towards 
its source. Diocese qf St Bernard de 
Comminge. 

CoPiB, a town of Boeotia, on Copais lac., n.b» 
bet. Acrsephia and Holmones. Thpolias* 

CoPAis (Haliartius, Qrchomenins, CephissiBS^ 
Leuconis) pains, a lake of Boeotia, formed 
by Cephissius, Tormesius, and o^her^ 
streams, and discharging itself by nume- 
rous subterraneous channels into Hytice 
palus and the sea. Noted for its eels. 
L. Topolias. 

CoPAR, a town of the Debce, Arab., on the 
Red Sea, bet. Betius fl. and Jambia. its- 
beghf Arbric, 

CoPHANTA, a port of Gedrosia, bet. Bama 

i75) and Araa, at the mouth c^ Aibia 
Cophen) fl. 
CoPHEN (Arbis), I. a r. dT Ciedrosia, foiling 

into Indicus Oc. at Cophanta. Mend^ 

II. Arachosin, i. q. Arachotus. 
CoPHES (Cophen) fl., a r. of PEax>pamisii8,. 

falling into the Indus at Spatura ? Cbw. 
CoPHOs, '* soundless," the s. harbour of To- 

rone in Sifehonia, Macedoiua. 
CoPLA, i. q. Sybaris. 
CopRATBS fl., a r. of Susiana, rising in 

Media, and falling into the PEusitigris near 

Snsa. 
CoPRiA (Sterquilininm) littus, the coast of 

Sicily N.E., bet. Tauromenium and Cha- 

ryb<tis. Named from the wredcs of skqps, 

thrown ti^ere from Charybdis. 
CoPTos, '^iMrtradon" (Chemmis), a town of 

Thdbais, near tiie N3e> R., bet. Csenopolis 



COR 



119 



COR 



and ApoUinopolis parva. The seat of great 
trade, carried on by a mixed population of 
Egyptians and Arabs. Named from the 
tradition that Isb here deprived herself of 
her hair in token of mourning for Osiris ; 
and hence, also, the priests of Isis always 
kept their heads shaved. Kqff, 

Cora, I. a town of the Volsd, s.w. of Signia, 
near UlubrK. An Alban colony. A mnni- 
dpium and colonia. According to Pliny, 
founded by Dardanius. Cbra, II. a town 
of the Mandubii, Lugdunensis I., bet. 
Autissiodorum n.w. and Aballo s.e. Ville- 
Auxerre. 

CoRAC^, a town of Magnesia in Thessaly, 
near Methone. 

CoRACKSiUM, a maritime town of CiUcia 
Trachea, on the borders of PamphyHa, w. 
of Syedra. The stronghold of the pirate 
Diodotus Tryphon. Alaza. 

CoRACENSES, a people of Sardinia, occupying 
its N.w. angle. 

CoRAciUM (Corycium) prom., a headland of 
Bithynia, near the n. mouth of Thracius 
Bosporus. 

CoRACODES portus (Corax), a port of the 
.£diilenenses in Sardinia w., s.w. of Cor- 
nus. Algeri. 

Coral [US (Cuarius) fl., Boeotia, i. q. !^a- 
larus. 

CoRALLA, a port of Pontns, 15 m. s.w. from 
Hieronoros. Kourelih, 

CoRANCALi, a people of India e. Gangem. 

CoRANiT^, a people of Arabia FeUz, w. of 
the Leanitse. Descendants of Korah, son 
of Esau. 

CoRASSiiE (Corsise) ins., islets of Samos, 
bet. Cantharium prom, and Melantii Sco- 
puH. Formiehe, 

CoRAX, I. a r. of the Apsilse, Sarmat., £all* 
ing into the Euxine n. of Dioscurias. The 
K. boundary of Colchis. II. a ridge of 
QSta m., ^toHa, on the coast; a continua- 
tion of Taphiassus m. Koraka, III. (Co- 
radum), an e. continuation of Corycus m., 
s. of Smyrna. lY. a ridge of Caucasus, 
along the n.e. shore of the Caspian. Y. a 
prom, of Taurica Chersonesus, s., below 
Athenaeum portus. Kirkinos-Bumu, 

CoRAXi, I. a people of Sarmatia As., on 
the Euxine, under Corax m., above the 
Apsilse. Noted for the fine wool of their 
sheep. II. of Scythia, n. of the Orgasi. 

C0RBA8A (Colbasa), a town of Philyas, Pisi- 
dia, bet. Attaha and Termessus. 

CoRBBUS (Gorbeus), a town of the Tecto- 
sages, Galatia, bet. Ancyra (21) and Roso- 
logia (12). The residence of Saveonda- 
rius, uie son-in-law of Deiotarus. Cor- 

9tffti» 



CoRBiENE, capital of Susiana-Corbiene, 
bet. Ecbatana and Arderica. Khourinui' 
bad. 

CoRBiLO, a town of the Namnetes, Lugdu- 
nensis III., at the mouth of the Liger. 
Corsep. 

CoRBio, I. a town of the Latini, Latium, 
S.E. of Tusculum. Rocea Priora. II. ca- 
pital of the Suessetani, Tarraconens., on 
P&llantias fl., R., below Belsxnum. Sol' 
Sana ? 

CoRButoNis MONUMENTUM, a fortross 
erected by Corbulo, on the sea-coast of 
the Frisii. Groningen, 

CoRCARA, a town of Adiabene, Assyr., x. 
of Ecbatana. 

CoRCONAOiE, a people of India L Gangem, 
on Cambys ost., Ganget., R. 

CoRCONiANA, a town of SicOy, bet. Agri- 
gentum (13) and Calloniana (12). 
Naro, 

CoRCONTii, a tribe of Marcomanni, G^erman., 
under Asdburgius m., s.w. 

CoRCURA, a maritime town of India i. Gan- 
gem, w., bet. Melinda and Elancum. 

CoRCYRA (Drepane, Scheria, Phieacia) ins., 
I. an isl. of Epirus, bet. Osichesmus and 
Sybota. Colonized by Hiseacians from 
Libumia; settled by Corinthians under 
Chersicrates, 758 b.c. Corfu. II. its ca- 
pital, on the E. coast, s.w. of Buthrotum. 
Corfu, III. sumamed Nigra (Mekena), 
from its dark woods, an isl. of the Adriatic, 
one of the Liburnides ins., near Pharos. 
Colonized by Cnidians. Curzola, 

CoRDA, a town of the Selgovse, Brit., on 
Vidogara fl., s.w. of Colania. Oid Cum' 
noek. 

CoRDES fl., a r. of Mesopotamia, running by 
Dara into the Chaborras. 

CoRDUBA, a dty of Bsetica, on the Bsetis, 
above Decuma, n.b. of Astigi. Built by 
the first M arcellus. The first Roman co- 
lony in Spain, and sumamed Patricia from 
the high rank of its leading inhabitants. 
The birth-place of the t?ra Senecas, and of 
Lucan. Cordova, 

CoRDUENi (Carduchi, Cordisei), a people of 
Armenia, s.e., on tiie borders of Assyria. 
Kordhaikh, 

CoRDTLE, I. a town of the Bechires, Pontus, 
12i m. E. from Odienus. II. a port of the 
Macrones, Pontus, 5 m. 8.B. from Hieron- 
oros. 

CoRDTLusA ins., an isl. of Rhodes. 

CoREA, a town of Samaria, n.b. of Silo. 

CoREATis, a town of India, on the Indus, 
3 m. below Caumana. 

CoRBNSB littns, the coast of Beetica, w.^ 
about Qades. 



COR 



120 



COR 



CoRESSUs (Corissia), a town of Ceos ins., 
on the N'.w. coast. The port of Julis. 
Deserted in Strabo's time. 

CoRETUS sin., a bay of Palus Meotbi on the 
E. side of <^e isthmus of Taurica Cherso- 
nesus. 

CoRFiNiuM, capital of the Peligni, Italy, on 
ViaValeria, bet. Stabulae (7) and Interpro- 
mium (12), for a short time the metro- 
polis of the Marsic confederacy, and then 
called Italicum. Church of San Pelino 
arid Pentima, 

CoRGATHA, a port of Anrea Chersonesus, 
E., above Throana. 

CoRiA, I. a town of the Damnii, Brit., bet. 
Vanduaria and Alauna. Castle Cary, 
II. tumamed Gadenorum, of the Otadeni, 
Britannia Barbara, s.e. of Alaterva. Jed' 
burgh. 

CoRiALLUM (Cortallum), a port of the Osis- 
mii, Lugdunensis III., w.n.w. of Cosidia. 
Ckh'bourg. 

CoRiANDi, a people of Hibemia, w. of the 
Brigantes. 

CoRiDORGis, a town of the Batini, Germ., 
N.E. of Reginum. 

CoRiNEA, a district of Osrhoene, Mesop., on 
the frontier of Armenia Maj. 

CoRiNiUM, Brit., i. q. Durocomovium. 

CoRiNTHiA, a country of Peloponnesus, 
bounded n. by Corinthiacus sin., s. by 
Argolis, w. by Achaia, e. by Saronicus 
sin. Established as a kingdom by Sisy- 
phus, B.C. 1376. 

Corinthiacus isthmus, the isthmus con- 
necting Peloponnesus with Graeda extra 
Peloponnesum, in breadth, at the nar- 
rowest part, six miles. The seat of the 
Isthmian games. Attempts to cut through 
the isthmus were made, but wholly in 
vain, by Demetrius Poliorcetes, by Julius 
Caesar, Caligula, Nero, and Herodes At- 
ticus. 

Corinthiacus sin., a gulf of Ionium mare, 
washing the coasts of Achaia n., Corinthia 
N., Megaris n., Boeotia s., Phocis s., Lo- 
cris Ozol., and ^tolia. G, di Lepanto. 

Corinth us, prius Ephyre, aumamed Bi- 
maris, from its position, capital of Co- 
rinthia, Peloponnesus. Built by Corinthus, 
son of Marathon, b.c. 1520 ; rebuilt b.c. 
1410 ; destroyed by Lucius Mummius b.c 
146; restored by Julius Csesar, who erected 
it into a colonia, under the name of Laus 
Julia. Corinth. 

Corinus fl., a r. of the Dobuni, Brit., 
felling into the Isis below Durocomovium. 
Chum. 

CoRiOLi, a dty of the Volsd, Latium, bet. 
Velitrae and Lanuvium. Its capture con- 



ferred the surname of Coriolanus upon 

C. Mardus. On Monte Giove, 
CoRiONDi, a people of Hibemia, s. and s.w. 

of the Menapii. S. Wexford and KiU 

kenny. 
CoRiovALLUM, a towu of the Eburones, 

Germania II., bet. JuUacum and Pons 

Mosse. 8. Finisterre. 
Corisopiti, I. a people of Armorica, on the 

s. coast of the Osismii. II. their capitaL 

Quimper- Corentin. 
CoRissiA. Vide Coressus. 
CoRiTANi, a people of Britain, occupying 

the N.E. angle of Flavia Caesariensis, bet. 

Abus fl. and Metaris sest., e. of the Cor- 

navii. Counties of Derby, Notts, Lin- 

coin, Leicester, Rutland, and part of 

Northampton. 
CoRius (Coros) fl., a r. of Carmania, 

falling intx) Persicus sin. opposite Oaracta 

ins. 
CoRMA fl., I. a r. of Media Cambadene, 

falling into Choaspes fl. at Ruttarata. 

II. (Carmsin), a town of Media Camba- 
dene, on Corma fl., s.w. of Ecbatana. 
CoRMALUS fl., a r. of ^olis Asiat., rising 

in Ida m., and falling into Adramyttenus 

sin. 
CoRMASA, a town of Pisidia, 40 m. n.w. of 

Perga. 
CoRMONES, a town of the Cami, Yenetia, 

s. of Forum Julii. Cormons. 
CoRNA, a people of Lycaonia, bet. Iconium 

and Barate. 
CoRNACUM, a town of Pannonia, on the 

Danube, bet. Teutoburgium (16) and Cuc- 

ds. Illok. 
CoRNAVii, I. a people of Britannia Barbara, 

on its extreme n. coast. II. of Flavia 

Caesariensis, bet. the Coritani e., the Or- 

dovices w., Belisama fl. n., and Avona fl. 

s. Cheshire, Shropshire, StqfordshirCf 

Worcestershire, Warwickshire. 
Corne, a town of Laviniasene, Cappadoda, 

on Euphrates fl. 
Cornelii (Cornelia, Comeliana, Sdpionis 

Vallum) castra, a town built on the en- 
campment of Cornelius Sdpio, in the 

Second Punic war, at Pulchrum prom., 

1^ m. from Utica. 
CoRNiASPA, a town of the Trocmi, Galatia, 

bet. Tavia and Pardosena. 
CoRNiCLANUM, Cyrcu., i. q. Tind. 
CoRNicuLANA, a towu of GralUa Cispad., 

bet. Neronia (6) and Hadria (6). MezzO' 

garo. 
CoRNicuLANi coUes, hills of Sabinium, 

about Comiculum and Caenina. Monti 

Monticelli and Sant* Angelo. 
CoRNicuLUM, a town of Sabinium, n.e. of 



COR 



121 



COR 



Csenina. The birth-place of Servius Tul- 
lius. Sanf Angela, 
CoRNUS, a town of Sardinia, under Insani 
m., N. of Thjrrsus fl., 18 m. s. from Bosa. 
On Monte Santo. 
CoROBix.iuMy a town of the Catalauni, Bel. 
gica II., bet. Dorocatalauni n. and Seges- 
sera. 
CoROc, a town of Drangiana, s.w. of Pro- 

phtasia. 
CoRODAMUM prom., a pr. on the e. ex- 
tremity of Arabia Felix, at the entrance of 
Omanus sin. Saa al Hhad, 
CoROMANus, capital of the Abucsei, Arabia, 

bet. Teredon and Adari. Grane, 
CoRODUNUM, a town of the Convenae, No- 
▼em Populana, on the Garomna. Gour- 
dan. 
CoRONE, prius ^pia, a town of Messenia, 
on Messeniacns sin., 5 m. n. from Colo« 
nides. Coron, 
CoRONEA, I. a peninsula of Attica, on the 
.£gean, n. of Potamos. Corugni. II. a 
city of Boeotia, under Laphystius m., w. 
of Alalcomense, 27 m. n.w. from Platsea. 
Noted for the victory of Agesilaus over 
the Thebans, 394 b.c. Near it was 
a temple of Minerva Itonis, in which 
the Boeotian states assembled. Koru- 
nies. III. a town of Corinthia, on Co- 
rinthiacus sin., bet. Corinth and Sicyon, 
at the mouth of Nemea fl. IV. a 
town of Phthiotis, in Thessaly, towards 
Thaumaci. 
CoRONTA, a town of Acamania, s.w. of 

Stratus, near Medeon. 
CoRONUs m., a ridge of Caspius m., on the 

borders of Hyrcania. 
Caropestus, a town of Lycaonia, on the 
borders of Cappadoda, bet. Sabatra and 
Archelais. 
CoROS fl., Carmania, i. q. Corius. 
CoROTHOs, a town of Cyrenaica, e. of Dre- 

panum prom. 
CoRPi CENSES, a people of Sardinia, on Tyr- 
sus fl., s., bet. the iBchilenses w. and the 
Barboricini e. 
CoRPiLLi, a people of Thrace, on He- 

bms fl. 
CoRRA, a town of Gumathene, Arm., bet. 

Arsinia and Amida. 
CoRRAGUM. Vide Corax. 
CoRSEA (Corsese), a town of Boeotia, under 

Cyrtonius m. n.w., w. of Larymna. 
CoRSEJE ins., an isl. in Icarium mare, bet. 

Samos and Patmos. Fumis. 
CoRSEiB Perrh^sble, L q. Orthe. 
CoR8]fcA (prius Cymus) ins., an isl. of Italy, 
N. of Sardinia. Its original population was 
augmented, at intervals, by Phocseans from 



Asia Minor, Carthaginians, and Romans. 
It was noted for its wax. Corsica. 
CoRSiT, Corsican settlers in Sardinia, over 

against Corsica. 
CoRsio (Herculea), a town of the Amantini, 

Pannonia, bet. Osones and Gurtiana. 
CoRSOTE, a town of Mesopotamia, on the 

Euphrates, below Zaitha. 
CorstopYtum, a town of the Brigantes, 
Brit., on Vedra fl., L., bet. Epiacum and 
Pons .£lii. Near Corbridge. 
CoRSULA, a Pelasgic town of Sabinium, 8 m. 

s.E. of Reate. Contigliano. 
CoRSURA ins., Zeugitana, i. q. ^gimurus. 
CoRTALLiA, capital of the Daoni, Ind. 
CoRTE (Cortia Prima), a town of Dode- 
caschoenus, on the Nile, bet. Metacampsi 
and Hiera Sycaminos (4). The first town, 
as its affix indicates, from the iBthiopian 
border, n. Korty. 
CoRTicATA, I. an isl. of Tarraconensis, on 
the Atlantic, off the mouth of OUa fl., s. 
of Orium prom. II. a town of the Tur- 
tuli, Baeturia, bet. Mirobriga n.n.e. and 
Mellarea s.s.w. Cortegana. 
CoRTONA, I. one of the twelve Tyrrhenian 
cities of Etruri^, bet. Trasimenus lac. and 
Arretium (14). A colonia of Sylla. Cor- 
tona. II. a town of the Lacetani, on Ru- 
bricatus fl., R., above Bacasis. 
Cortorate, a town of the Petrocorii, Aqui- 
tania II., bet. Condate s.W. and Crinac- 
cum e. 
Corusia, a town of the Melibi, Sarmat., on 

Vardanes fl., towards its source. 
CoRVORUM ins. (" crow's nests"), three 
small islands in Ladon fl., Arcadia, at its 
junction with Alpheus fl. 
CoRvoRUM nidus, a biforked mount of 

Cilida. 
Cory, I. an isl. of India i. Grangem, off Cory 
prom. Ramanan Coil, II. (Colias, Colia- 
cum), a prom, of India i. Gangem, e., 
separating Colchicus sin. from Agaricus 
sin. Ramanan Coil. 
CoRYBANTiuM, a towu of Troas, on the 

coast, s. of Hamaxitus. 
CoRYBissA, a district of Troas, towards 

Scepsis. 
CoRYCA ins., an isl. of Crete, over against 

Corycum prom. Carabwa. 
CoRYCiuM antrum, I. a large stalactite 
cavern, on the s. slope of Parnassus, 
above Delphi, 330 feet long by 200 wide. 
Sacred to the Corydan nymphs, and to 
Pan. II. the crater of an extinct volcano 
in Arima m., 2 m. inland from Cory- 
dum prom., Cilicia. According to Strabo, 
and others, the locality of Typhoeus' tor- 
ments. 



COR 



122 



COT 



CoRTCiUM prom., I. a pr. of CiHda Trachea, 
at CorycQS. II. of Crete, n.w., the ter- 
mination of Cmycns m. C. Carahuta, 
III. of Ionia, ovw against Cercetias m., 
the 8. termination of Cmycas m. C, 
Kourko, 

CoRYCus, I. the coast of Lyda, e. of Olym- 
pus. II. the coast of Pamphylia, about 
Corycus. III. m., on the n.w. coast of 
Crete, terminating in Tretum prom. IV. a 
ridge of Mimas m., extending from behind 

• Erythne, Ionia, to Corycum prom. V. a 
maritime town of Ptoiphylia, near Pha- 
selis, 8.W. YI. a port of GUida Tradiea, 
at Corydum prom., s. of Pulchrium Co- 
raoesinm portus. Korghoz, VII. a port 
of Ionia, w. of Corycum prom. Sikya, 

CoRTDALLA (Coridiljftts), a town of Lyda, 
29 m. w. from PhaseUs. 

CoRYDALLUs, I. a tribe of Attica, n.w. of 
Athens. The haunt of the robber Pro- 
crustes. Daphni Bouni. II. a demus of 
Attica, of die tribe Hippothoontis, under 
Corydallus m. 

CoRYGAZA, a town of the Marundse, Ind., 
on the Ganges, bet. Salimbothra and Ce- 
lydna. 

"CoRYLEUM/ a town of Paphlagonia, near 
Gangra. 

CoRYNJEUM prom., a pr. of Ionia, at the n. 
entrance of Erythreus sin. 

CoRYNE, I. a town of Epea, EUs, on Peneus 
fl., near its mouth. Gasionnu II. of 
Ionia, at Corynseum prom. 

CoRYPHANTis, I. atown of iEolis, Asiat., on 
Adramyttenus sin. A Mitylensean settle- 
ment. II. of Bithynia. Extinct in Pliny's 
time. 

-CpRYPHASiUM prom., a pr. of Messenia, on 
the approach to which the later porti<m of 
Pylos stood. Monte San Niccolo, 

CoRYTHEis, a Tillage of Arcadia, 8. of 
Tegea. 

Cos, I. (Merope, Cea, Nymphaea), an ial. of 
Caria, off Halicamassus (15). In circuit 
65 m. Colonized by Thessalians, and then 
by Dorians from M^ara. Noted for its 
fine silk manufruHinres. Sianeo, II. 
prius Astypalaea, its capital, within Scon- 
darium prom., with a temple of .£scula- 
pdus, in which were the Antigonus and the 
Venus Anadyomene of ApeDes. The 
birth-place of Apelles, Philetas, Hippocra- 
tes, &e. Staneo. 

CosA, I. a r. of Latium, falling into liris fl. 
below Frusitto. II. (Cossa), a maritime 
city of Etraria, on Via Aurelia, bet. Ad 
Novum (9) and Telamon. A colony from 
Yobinii. A oolonia 274 b.c., and again 
of Augustas (col. Julia). The loeafitj of 



the defeat of M. ^milius Lepidus by Lu- 
tatius Catulus. Ansedonia, III. a town 
of Lucania, near the source of CyHsturnus 
fl^, N.w. of Sybaris. The death-place of 
T. Annius Milo. Crot/a, nettr Contano. 
rV. of the Parapiotse, Ind., on Sambris fl.^ 
R., towards its source. Noted for its dia- 
monds. Cotta. V. of the Cadurd, Aqui- 
tania I., s. of Divona. 

CosAMBA, a port of India, near tiie w. 
m(}uth of the Ganges. JBaUuar. 

CosANUM prom., a pr. of Etruria, at Coea. 

CosARA, a maritime town of Andna Fdix, 
opposite Seraindis ins. 

CosciNiA (Cosdnus)j a town of Caria. 
China. 

CosEDiA, a town of the Osismii, Lugdu- 
nensis III., bet. Reginea w.s.w. and Le- 
gedia e.n.e. La Counniere. 

C08EOANES fi., a r. of India e. Gang«m^ 
falling into the Ganges aboye Celydna. 

CosBTANi, a people of Tarracon«»sis, on 
Rubricatus fl., R., towards its mouth. 

CossjEi, a people of Susians, n.w. of the 
Uxii. 

CossiNi, a tribe of Veneti, Lugdunensis, on 
the coast. • ^6011^ Coueznou. 

CossiUM (postea Vasatie), cajntal of the 
Vasates, Novem Populana, bet. Alingo 
and Tres Arbores. Bazas, 

C088URA ins., an isl. of the Mediterranean, 
midway bet. Sidly and Africa. Abound- 
ing in olives and goats. Pantalaria. 

CossoANUS (Cosoagus) fl., a r. of India 
i. Gangem, falling into the Ganges. Clua* 

Cossus m., a summit of Olympus, Bithy- 
nia. 

Costa Bal^na, a maritime town of the 
Intemelii, Liguria, bet. AlbintemeMnm (l€) 
and Lucus Bormanni (16). Cesta Bai» 
nera, 

CosTOBOCi, i. q. Cistobod. 

CosYLiNUM, a town of Lucania, near Ta* 
nager H., R. Near Padulm. 

CoTACE, Arise, i. q. Candace. 

CoTACENB, a district of Armenia Maj., w. of 
Lychnitis lac. Coiaikh. 

CoT^NA, a town of Morimene, Cappadoda. 

CoTARZENB (Chorzcuc), a district of Arme- 
nia Maj., 8. of Sacasene. Vanand. 

Cote ins., an isl. of Crete, SO m. 8.B. from 
Dictynium. San TeodortK 

C0TEN8ES, a tribe of Agathynd, Dae, en 
Arams fl. 

CoTBs prom. (*' vine-producing"), the looA 
name of Ampeluaa prom., Manrit. 

CoTHociDJS, a demus of Attica. The birth.- 
place of iBschines. 

Cothon ('*cup"), the inner harbour of 
Cartilage. An wtiftcMa alanifilwa. 



COT 



123 



CRE 



CoTiNJB, a town of the TartoH, Bsetniia, 
bet. Sisapo s.w. and Carcorinm x.i;. 

CoTiNUSA ins., Bcetica, the isl. on which 
Gades stood. 

CoTOMBA, a town of the Sabsei, Persia, on 
Cyrus fl., s. of ^Margada. 

CoTONis Ids,, one of the Echinades ins. 

CoTTABANi (Catabeni), a people of Arabia 
Felix, in the mountains, n. of the Oma- 
nitse. Tribe of Beni Kahian. 

CoTTJi, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica.' 

CcTTJBOBRiGA, a town of the Yettones, 
Lusitania, s.w. orSahnantica. 

CoTTiA, a town of Gallia Transpadana, on 
the Via Posthumia, bet. Ad Medias (13) 
and Laamellnm (12). Cozzo, 

CoTTiARA (Cottona, Cottonara), capital of 
limyrica, India, on the coast, bet. Elan- 
cam and Bambala. Cotsehin ? 

CoTTiARrus fl., a r. of the Sin», falling into 
Eons Oceanns at Cattigara. Cambodia, 

CoTTOBARA, a town of Gredrosia-Pardene, 
bet. Codrona and Mnsama. 

Cottona, Indi», i. q. Cottiara. 

CoTTJBuiff, a town of Phrjgia Epictetos, 
N.S. of Azeni. The birth-place, according 
to some authorities, of iEsop. Kutaya. 

CoTYiuBUM m., a m. of Eubcea, near Ta- 
- myns. 

CoTTLE, the early name of Aqnse CutiHse. 

CoTYLius m., a w. summit of Lycsens m., 
in Arcadia, 5 m. s. of Phigalea. 

CoTTORA, a port of the Tibareni, Pontus, 
10 m. g.B. from Grenetaeum prom., where 
the lOjOOO encamped during forty-eight 
days previous to their embarkation for 
Heradea. The people were afterwards 
transported to Phamacia. Ordou. 

GoTTROA, a town of Sicily, n.w. of An- 
cyra. 

CoTTRTA, a fortress of Laconia, near Boese. 

CovBLiACE, a town of the Focunates, Vin- 
dd., bet. Esco Nora and Parthanum 
(20). 

CovENNus ins. (Counos), an isl. of Can- 
tinm, N. Cantfey, 

GkAGUs, I. a chain of m. in Lycia, with 
seven, or according to Strabo eight, sum- 
mits. Scylax describes it as the boundary 
of Caria and Lyda. Named from Cragus, 
s. of Tremihu. Vedi Bouroun, II. a 
prom, of GiHcia Tradiea, s.e. of Nephilis 
prom. ni. a town of Lyda, under the 
oogttCHn. m. 

Cram BUSA ins., I. an isl. of CSficia TVadtea, 
off Cnmi ^ptom, PapeuUntia. 11. (Diony- 
sia) of Lyda, e. of Sacnmi prom. Ac 
eorimg to Stnibo, a town on tiie opposite 
■MdnUmd. Gramdousa. 

Cranjb ins., an isL of Laoonia, on Laco- 



nicus sin., over against Gythium, whither 
Paris first carried Helena. Marathonisi. 

Cranaus, a town of Caria, near Antiochia,. 
whither its inhabitants were transferred 
by Antiochus. 

Crania, a village of Epirus, near Am- 
brada. 

Cranii, a town of Cephallenia ins., over 
against Palle, partly settled by Messenians 
firom Pylos. San Giovanni. 

Cranon, I. a m. of Epirus, on the Arach- 
thus fl., overlooking Crania. II. a town 
of Athamania, in ^tolia, on Achelous fl.,. 
below Theium. Named after Cranon, son 
of Pelasgus. Crania, III. of Pelasgiotis^ 
Thessaly, bet. Larissa and Pharsalus. The 
city of the Scopadse of Herodotus. Me- 
morable for the defeat of the Greeks by 
the Macedonians, under Antipater, 322 
B.C. In its vicinity was a warm spring,, 
which, mixed with wine, retained its heat 
for several days. Near Hat^ilar. 

Craspedites sin., ** edge," a bay of Asta- 
cenus sin., at its w. entrance, over against 
Acrita prom. 

Crassum prom., Sardinise, i. q. Pachia. 

Cratats fl., a r. of Bruttium, n. of Scylla,. 
and named from the mother of Scylla. 
SolanOf or Fiume dei Pesci, 

Cratas m., m. of Sicily, running s.e. from 
below Ptoormus. ^ 

CRATBiB ins., isl. in the Adriatic ; two of th& 
Libumides. 

Crater sin.. Camp., i. q. Cumanus. 

Crathts, r. a r. of Achaia, rising in Crathi» 
m., and fiUling into Corinthiacus sin., n.w» 
of iBgira. Acratha, II. of Bruttium, 
rising s. of Consentia, and fjedling into Taren* 
tinus sin. below Sybaris. Named from the- 
Achaian Crathis. Its water turned f^ 
hair grey. Crati, III. a m. of Arcadia^ 
on the border of Achaia, n.w. of Pheneus* 

Crati A (Flaviopolis), a town of Bithynia, on 
Bilheus fl., near its source, bet. Claudio- 
polls and Ancyra (24). Near Tereboli, 

CRAUOiiB ins., two isl. of Argolis, in Sa- 
ronicus sin., over against SpirKum prom. 

Crausindon fl., a stream of Magnesia^ 
Thessaly, rising in Pelion m., and falling- 
into I^igasseus sin. 

Cremasti, a mining village of Myaia, behind 
Abydos. 

Cremera fl., a r. of Etruria, rising near 
Baccanse, and idling into the Hber at Ad 
Rubras. Memorable for the fkte of the 
300 FabiL Valca. 

Cremna, I. a fortress of Pisidia, 4. m. n» 
from Sagalassus, near Baris. Kebnnaz- 
II. a town of the Jazyges, Sarmat., oi^ 
Palus Mseotis, at Agarom prom« 



CRE 



124 



CRO 



Cremniscus, a maritime town of Dada, bet. 
Antiphilse and (Epolium. A Milesian* 
colony. 

Cremona, a dty of the Cenomanni, in Gallia 
Transpadana, onPadus fl., bet. Acerrse (13) 
andBedriacum (15), on Via Posthumia. A 
colonia (219 b.c.). Destroyed by the army 
of Vespasian, and restored by that emperor. 
Its territory was distributed by Augustus 
among his veterans. Cremona. 

Cremonis Jugvm, an early name of Alpes 
Graiae. 

Cren^, "fountains,'' a place in Amphilochia, 
Acarnania, s. of Argos Amphilochus. 
Kouphara. 

Crenides, "fountains," I. the early name 
of Philippi, Thrace. II. a town of Bithy- 
nia, on the Euxine, 8 m. from Sandaraca. 

Creon m., a summit of Lepitymnus m. in 
Lesbos. 

Creonium, a town of the CallicsBni, Illyria, 
E. of Bantia. 

Cresius coUis, a hill of Arcadia, near 
Tegea. 

Cressa I. (Critea), a town of Chersonesus 
Thracia, near Crithote. Founded by Mil- 
tiades. II. of Persea, Caria, on the coast. 
Karagash, 

CresSuEus sin., a bay of the Mediterranean, 
in Caria, at Cressa. G. Karagash. 

Crestone (Grestone), I. capital of Cres- 
tonia, on Echedorus fl., below Terpillus. 
II. apud Herod, i. q. Crotona, Italiee. 

Crestonia (Grestonia), a district of Myg- 
donia, Macedonia, n. of Anthemus. Long 
occupied by a tribe of Pelasgi, who re- 
tained their primitive language and man- 
ners. Suttee was practised by them. In- 
fested by lions. Caradagh, 

Creta (iBria, Doliche, Idsea, Telchinia) ins., 
an isl. of the ^gean, bet. the Cyclades 
ins. and Africa. Settled by Minsei from 
Arabia, by Curetes (Cretes), Pelasgi, Dores, 
Dactyli, &c. Named after Cres, son of 
Jupiter and Idaea. Organized as a state 
by Minos, son of Jupiter and Europa, 
circa 1015 b.c. Celebrated for its hundred 
cities, for its labyrinth, for the laws of 
Minos, and for the skill of its people as 
bowmen, whence, in Phoenician, its name. 
In length 270 m., in extreme breadth 50, 
in circuit 539. CandiOf Kirid, Creti, 

Crethi, i. q. Philistsei. 

Creticum mare, the portion of the Medi- 
terranean bet. Peloponnesus and Crete. 

Cretopolis, a town of Pisidia, n. of Ter- 
messus. Buttaklu 

Creusis (Creusa), the port of Thespise in 
Boeotia, on Alcyonium mare, n.w. of 
Pagae. Livadostro. 



Crevenia, a town of the Cavii, Illyria, bet. 
Epicaria and Grabuleus. 

Crimisa, I. a r. of Bruttium, felling into 
the sea at Crimisa. I^umenica, II. a pr. 
of Bruttium, at Crimisa. Capo d* Alice. 
III. postea Patemum, a town of Bruttium, 
at the mouth of Crimisa fl., bet. Roscianum 
(27) and Neaethus 11. (1 2), on Via Trajana. 
Built by Philoctetes, whose tomb was 
shown there. Ciro, 

Crimisus (Crinisus, Crimesus) fl., a r. of 
Sicily, falling into Hypsa fl., s. of Entella. 
The locality of the decisive defeat of the 
Carthaginians by Timoleon. San Barto- 
lomeo. 

Crinaccum, a town of the Petrocorii, Aqui- 
tania II., bet. Vesunna n.e. and Corto- 
rate w. 

Crispiana, a town of Pannonia, bet. Cim- 
briana (25) and Arrabo (25). Sarkany, 

Crissa, a town of Phods, towards the n.e. 
extremity of Crissaeus sin., bet. Cirrha 
and Delphi. Destroyed by order of the 
Amphictyonic council. Crissa. 

Criss^us campus, a plain in Phocis, bet. 
Cirrha and Crissa, where the Pythian games 
were celebrated. 

Criss^us sin., a bay of Corinthicus sin., 
bet. Phocis and Locris, extending to Cir- 
rha. G. di Salona. 

Critalla (Tiralli), a town of Cataonia, Cap- 
padocia, where Xerxes assembled his land 
army. 

Crite, a town of the Crobyzi, Moes., on the 
Euxine, bet. Odessus and Naulo<:hus. 

Crithote, I. a pr. of Acarnania, over against 
Phorcys portus in Ithaca ins., n.w. of As- 
tacus. C. Candilla. II. a town of Cher- 
sonesus Thracia, on the Hellespont, n. of 
Gallipolis. Founded by Miltiades. 

Criumetopon pr., I. a pr. of the Damnonii, 
Brit. Bam Head. II. the s.w. extremity 
of Creta ins., over against Phycus prom, 
in Africa (125). C. Crio, III. the s. ex- 
tremity of Taurica Chersonesus., s.e. of 
Palacium. Ajadaghy Kandjes Borun. 

Crius fl., a r. of Achaia, falling into Corin- 
thiacus sin., n.w. of Aristonautae. 

Criva, a demus of Attica, of the tribe An- 
tiochis. 

Crixia, a town of the Ilvates, in Liguria, on 
Via ^m. Scaura, bet. Canalicum (10) and 
Aquae Statiellae (22). Near Cairo N, 

Crobyzi, a maritime people of Mcesia Inf., 
on the confines of Thrace. 

Crocala ins., an isl. of Gedrosia, off the w. 
mouth of the Indus (15). 

Croce^, a town of Laconia, bet. Harplea 
and ~ Gythium. Noted for a fine hard 
stone. 



CRO 



125 



CUD 



Crociaconum (Crociatpnum, Cronciacon- 
num, Croneiaconnum), a town of the 
Unelli, Lugdunensis II., bet. Alauna n.w. 
and Augustodiinim s.b. Turquevilley near 
Andoumlle, 

Crocius campus (Athamantius campus), a 
plain of Phthiotis^ Thessaly, on both sides 
of Amphrysus fl., towards its source. 
Krokos, 

Crococalana, a town of the Coritani, Brit., 
bet. lindum and Ad Pontem (7). Near 
Warren House, 

Crocodilonpolis, I. a town of Thebais, on 
the Nile, L., bet. Aphroditopolis and Pto- 
lemais Hermii (2 geog. m.). Here croco- 
diles were worshipped. Etnbeehunda. II. 
Ad Moerin, i. q. Arsinoe. 

Crocodilum prom., a pr. of Cyrenaica, w. 
above Boreum prom. 

Crocodilus m., a summit of Amanus m., 
Cilidse, towards Issus. 

Crocylium, I. a town of the Apodoti, in 
^tolia, s.w. of Tichium. II. a fortress of 
Ithaca. 

Crodunum, a town of the Volcse Tectosages, 
Narbonensis, bet. Tolosa and Narbo. 

Cromi (Cromni), a town of Arcadia, 10 m. 
s.w. from Megalopolis. Crano, 

Crommyon, I. the extremity of Cyprus, w. 
of Lapethus, over against Anemurium 
prom., Cilicia. C. Cormakiti, II. a town 
of Corinthia, on Sarc^nicus sin., bet. Sidus 
and Megara. Named after Crommus, son 
of Neptune. The haunt of the robber 
Sinis, slain by Theseus. Kinetta, 

Cromna, a Greek town of Paphlagonia, on 
the coast, 15 m. e. from Amestris, whither 
its inhabitants were transferred by Ames- 
tris. Cromena. 

Cromon, a town of Arcadia. 

Cronium mare, i. q. Pigrum. 

Crotalla, a town of Bruttium, on Crotalus 
fl. Roccella. 

Crotalus fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 
Scylleticus sin. n.e. of Scylletium. Corace. 

Crotona, a city of Bruttium, on Tarentinus 
sin., at the mouth of jEsarus H., bet. Pete- 
lia (13) and Lacinium prom. (6). Founded 
by Myscellus of Achaia, circa 715 B.C. ; 
named from the hero Croton. Memorable 
as the residence of Pythagoras. The birth- 
place of Milo, and of the physician Demo- 
cedes. Coirone, 

Crumerum (Curta), a town of Valeria, Pan- 
nonia, on the Danube above Adncum. 
Gran. 

Cruni, I. a stream of Triphylia, Elis, near 
Chalcis. II. a pr. of Cilicia Trachea, 5^ 
m. N.E. from Pisurgia. C Crauni, III. 
postea Dionysiopolis, a port of the Cro- 



byzi, Moes., on the Euxine, bet. Tetrisia 

and Odessus. 
Cruptoricis Villa, a town of the Frisii^ 

where 400 Romans killed themselves to 

avoid falling into the hands of the barba- 
rians. Hem Ryk. 
Crusinia, a town of the Sequani, Maxima 

Sequanorum, on Dubis fl., L., bet. Visontia 

and Pons Dubis. 
Crusis (Crosssea), a maritime district of 

Chalcidice, Macedonia, on Thermaicus sin.j^ 

bet. Gigonium prom, and Olynthus. 
Crustumerium (Crustumium), a town of 

Sabinium, on the Tiber, 2 m. above Fi- 

dense. A colony from Alba. Subjugated 

by the elder Tarquin. Noted for its wine 

and its pears. Marcigliano Vecchio. 
Crustumius fl., a r. of Umbria, falling into 

the sea n.w. of Pisaurum. Conca. 
Crya (Criassus, Carya; sumamed Fugi- 

tivorum), a maritime town of Caria, £. of 

Caunus. Cari. 
Cryon fl., a r. of Lydia, falling into Hermus 

fl. w. of Magnesia Ad Sipylum. 
Crypta Neapolitana, vide Pausilypus m. 
Cryptus (Amithoscuta) portus, a port of 

the Omanitse, Arabiae, e. of Mysecros fl. 

Muscat, 
Ctenus portus, a bay of Taurica Cher- 

sonesus, at Eupatoria. 
CtesYphon, a city of Assj^a, on the Tigris, 

opposite Seleucia. The later capital of the 

Parthian empire. Al Modain, 
Ctimene, a city of Dolopia, in Thessaly^ 

towards the n.w. shore of Xynias lac. 

Ctemeno, 
CuARius (Curalius) fl., a r. of Estiaeotis, 

Thessaly, falling into Peneus fl. at Phary- 

cadon. 
CuBALLUs, a fortress of Galatia, on the bor- 
ders of Phrygia Epict., n.e. of Plitendus. 
Cubena, a town of Armenia, s.e. of Ar- 

taxata. Djulfa, 
Cuccis, a town of Pannonia, on the Danube, 

bet. Comacum (13) and Milata. Near 

Suszeg. 
CucuLL-fi (Castellum Cucullus), a, town of 

the Alauni, Noricum, on Jovanus fl. above 

Juvavia (14). Kuchl. 
CucuLUM, a mountain fortress of the Peligni^ 

on the confines of the Marsi. Cucullo, 
Cucunda, a town of the Zichi, Sarmat., e. 

of Masatica. 
Cucusus, a town of Cataonia, Cappadocia, 

and subsequently of Armenia, near the 

source of Pyramus fl., s.e. of Comana, bet. 

Ariarathia (62) and Laranda. Cocsou, 
Cud A fl., a r. of Lusitania, falling into the 

Durius near Roboretum. It separated the 

Lusitani from the Vettones. Coa, 



CUD 



126 



CUR 



CuDBTUs fl., a r. of the Bistones, Thr»oe, 

falling into the ^gean below Pisiynis. 
. CuouPiB, a people of India e. Ganjgem, on 
Seros fl., N. of the Ban. 

CuLAmo, poitea Gratianopolis, a town of the 
Uceni, Viennensis, on the Rhone, L^ N. 
of Catorissiam. Grenoble. 

CuLCUA, Brit.| i. q. Calleva. 

CuLCUL(Ciilcua), a town of Manritaoia Ce- 
sar., bet. Berieo (26) and Igilgilis, w. of 
Cirta. A oolonia. 

CuLici, a general name with Pliny, of the 
Alatrenses, Arsenates, and several other 
•mall Alpine tribes. 

CuLicoNES, a tribe of Rheti, on the n.e. 
shore of Larios lac. Val di Colico. 

CuLLUCiTANA (CoUops Parvos), a port of 
Mauritania, 7 m. w. from Zaca. M Ras 
Hadid. 

CuLLU (Chnlli, CoUops Magnus), a town of 
Numidia, on Olcachites sin., w. bet. Rusi- 
cada (6 geog. m.) and Pacdana. Noted 
for its purple dye. CoUo. 

CuMANA, a fortzess of Iberia, near Caspiae 
Portffi. 

Cum ANUS (Crater, Campanus) sin., a bay of 
Tyrrhenium mare, at Neapolis, bet. Mise- 
num prom, and Surrentinum prom. G. 
diNapoli; Bay of Naples. 

CuM^, a maritime city of Campania, on Via 
Domitiana, bet Litemum (6) and Puteoli 
(3). Founded by a colony from. Euboea, 
under Hippodes of Cyme and Megasthmes 
of Chalcis 1050 B.C. Taken by the Sam- 
nites 418 b.c. A colonia of Augustus and 
municipium. The oracle of the Cumean 
Sibyl was in a chamber hewn out of the 
solid rock here. Cuma. 

CuMJBus sin., i. q. Elseaticus. 

CuMERiuM prom., a pr. of Picenum, at An- 
cona. Monte ComerOf Monte Gnaaco. 

CuMiNARius vicus, a town of the Carpetani, 
Tarraconensis, near the Tagus, n.e. of 
Toletum. Named from its cumin. San 
Cruz de la Zarza. 

CuNARUs m., a summit (considered the 
highest) of the Apennines, in the country 
of the Vestini, on the borders of Picenum, 
N. of Cutina. Monte ComOf II Gran 
Sasso. 

CuNAXA, a Tillage of Babylonia, bet. the 
Euphrates and tiie Tigris, n.w. of Seleucia. 
The death-place of Cyrus. 

CuNETio, a town of the Atrebates, Brit., 
w. of Spinse. Marlborough. 

CuNEUM (Patanion) prom., a pr. of the 
Cuneus, Lusitan., bet. Ossonoba w. and 
Balsa E. Cabo de Santa Maria, 

CuNEUS, the coast of Lusitania, bet. the 
Anas and the sea. Named from its sup- 



posed wedge-like form. Alparve (Arabic, 

"the west"). 
Cuneus Aureus, a town of the YefDo- 

netes, Rhsetia, bet. Lapidaria (17) and 

Tarvesedum (10). Splugen, 
CuNi, a town of India, bet. Alexandria Sog- 

diorum and Codrona. 
CuNici, a town of Balearis Maj., <»i the n.e. 

coast. 
CuNicuLARLJE ius., islets of Sardinia, off 

Cunicularum prom. s. 
CuNicuLARUM prom., a pr. of Sardinia, at 

the w. entrance of Caralitanus tin. Ckyra 

di Pula. 
CuNusiTANi, a people of Sardinia, on Tyrsus 

fl., towards its source, bet. the Balari n. 

and the Ruacenses s. 
CuFPiE, a town of the Triballi, Moes., on the 

Danube, bet. Punicum and Ad Noiras. 
CuPRA Maritima, a Tyrrhenian town of 

Picenum, on the coast, s. of Castnim ¥ii- 

manum. Named from a temple of Cupra, 

the Tyrrhenian Juno, restored by Hadnan. 

Grotte a MarCy or Marano. 
CuPRA Montana, a Tyrrhenian town 

of Picenum, in the mountains, on the 

L. bank of .£sis fl. Near MasaaAo if 

leH. 
CuRENsis fl., a r. of Sabinium, running by 

Cvaea into the Tiber, below Capena. 
Cures, a Tyrrhenian dty of Sabinium, n. of 

Eretum, on Curensis fl. The birth-place 

of Numa Pompilius, and further notable 

as the place whence the Romans deriTed 

the name of Quirites. s,e., at Mandela, 

stood the " Sabine farm" of Horace. Odt- 

rete, 
CuRETES, " shorn,'*' a tribe of Leleges, the 

original settlers of iBtolia, deriving thdr 

name from their custom of shaving off the 

frontal hair. 
CuRETis, the early name of ^tolia. 
Curgonii, Hispanise, i. q. MurbogiL 
Curia, I. a town of the Otadeni, Brit, 4 

geog. m. from Colanica. Borthwick Castle. 

II. of the Suanite, Rhset., bet. Lapidaria 

and Magia. Coire. 
CuRiANUM prom., a pr. of the Medulli, 

Aquitania II., at the s. entrance of the 

Garumna. Pointe d^Arcackon, 
Curias prom., a peninsula of Cyprus, e. of 

Curium. C. Gatto. 
CuRicA (Curgia), a town of the Celtid, Bc- 

tica, N.w. of Ilipa. 
CuRiCTA (Curiacte), an isl. of the Adriatic, 

one of the Idbumides ins., s. of Absyrtides 

ins. Veglia. 
CuRiCTUM, a town of Curicta ins. 
CuRiONES, a tribe of Hermunduri, on Mcenus 

fl., towards its source. 



CUE 



W 



CYD 



CirBiosoLiTES, L apeopleof Lngdnnensis IV., 
N.E. of the Osismii. DUche de St, Mtdo, 
II. their capital, n.w. of Coudate. Cor' 
seultf 5 m. w. from Dmatu 

CuRius m., a m. of j^^tolia, n. of Chalds, 
OTeriooking Plemon ; whence, aooording to 
tome writers, the Corites of iBtdUa de- 
rived their name. 

Curium, an Ai^pve city of Cyprus, s. within 
Treton prom., e. at die mouth of Lycus fl. 
Noted for its copper ore. Epukopia. 

CuRMiLiACA, a town of the Bellovaci, Bel- 
gica II., bet. Samarobriva n. and Cesaro- 
magus. 

CuRRAPHUS, a town of the Strophi, BabyL, 
bet. Abara and Thamara. 

CuRTA, Pannonise, L q. Crumerum. 

CuRTAiA, a port of &t OmanitsB, Arabise, 
S.W. of Cryptns portos. Kuriat. 

CuRUBis, a maritime town of Zeogitana, bet. 
Clypea and Neapolis (16). A colonia 
(Col. Fnlvia). Gurba, 

CuRYANCAS m., a summit of the Alpes Car- 
nicse, n. of Tasinemetam. 

CuSA fl., a r. of Mauritania Ting., falling 
into the Atlantic bet. Rusibis and Dyas fl. 

Cu8J£, a town of Th^Mus, on the Nile, bet. 
Lyoopolis (3d) and Hermupolis (24). Ku- 
sieh. 

CusiBis, a town of the Oretani, Tarraco- 
n^isis, s.s.E. of Oretum. 

Cusuii, a town of Fannonia Inf., on the 
Danube, bet. Acimincnm and Milata (16). 

Cusus fl., postea Granua, a r. of the Quadi, 
Germania Magna, falling into the Danube 
at Acincum. Gnm. 

CuTATisiON, Colch., i. q. Cytna. 

Cunixs, I. a town of Sabinium, on Cuti- 
liensis lac., R., bet. Reate (8) and Intero- 
crea (6), on Via Salaria. An Umbrian 
settlement. Patemo. II. lacus, a lake of 
SaHnium, at Cutihse; called the umbilicus, 
or navel, of Italy, being equidistant (76 
m.) from the two seas. Pozzo Ratignano, 
Lago di Contigliano. 

CuTiNA, a fortress of the Fioeni, near Cu- 
narus m. Citta Aquana, 

Cyamon prom., a pr. on the n. coast of 
OcetBf E. of Psacum prom. C. Maleca. 

Cyamosurus fl., a r. of Sicily, rising in 
Nebrodes m. w. of Adrianus fl., and, by 
its junction with that stream at Adranum, 
forming Symsethus fl. Trachino, 

Cyane fl., a stream of Sicily, springing from 
the opening in the earth made by Pluto 
whoi carrying off Proserpine, and falling 
into the Anapus. According to Ovid, a 
transformation of the nymph Cyane. II. 
a town of Lycia, near Aperlae. Tris- 
iomo. 



Cyanea ins., an isL of Bitfaynia, s.e. of 
Coradum prom. 

Crlsiis (Symplegades, '^ dashers ;'' Syn- 
dromades, Planctai, ** wandorers '') ins., two 
rocks within the entrance to the Bosporus 
Thradus. Fabled to be floating rodcs, 
ever and anon dashing against each other. 
Pavonare. 

Cyanes (Gyenus), a town of Ecreticey 
Colch., at the mouth of Cyaneus fl. 

Cyanbus fl., a r. of Colchis, falling into the 
Euxine, bet Tarsuras fl. and Sicanabis, at 
Cyanes. 

Cyanum prom., a pr. of Crete, s. of Die- 
tamnium. Ckeronm. 

Cyathus fl., a r. of iBtolia, which, after 
running through lakes Trichonius and 
Conope, fiedls into Achelous fl. n. of Co- 
nope. Nesckio. 

Cybale, a town of Chaldsea, bet. Thamara 
and Donantilia. 

Cybblia, a maritime town of Ionia, s. of 
Erythre. 

Cybistra, a town of Tyanitis, Cappadoda, 
N.E. of Tyana. Kara-hisaar, 

Cycala, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
JSantis. 

Cycesium, a town of Pisatb, Elis, on Al- 
pheus fl., w. of Olympia. 

Cychrea, the early name of Salamis, after 
the hero Cychreus. 

Cyclades ins., islands in the.£gean, around 
Delos. The islands comprehended within 
this designation were : Andros, Ceos, Ci- 
molus, C3rthntt8, Delos, Gyarus, Melos, 
Myconus, Naxos, Olearus, Faros, Prepe- 
sinthus, Rhenea, Seriphus, Siphnus, Syros, 
and Tenos. Settled, 1. by Phoenicians, 
Carians, and Leleges; 2. by Persians; 
and 3. by Athenians. 

Cycladium, Bithynise, i. q. Lycadium. 

Cyclopes (Chirogasteres), a caste of Phoeni- 
cians, devoted to architecture. The authors 
of the Cydopean edifices, still extant at 
Mycenae, Argos, &c. 

Cyclopis ins., an isL of Rhodes, towards 
Syme ins. 

Cyclopum scopuli, three Needle-islets 
of Sicily, E. bet. Ads and Adnz. JPa- 
riglioni. 

Cydamus, a town of Libya Interior, w. of 
ThiUabari. 

Cydantidje, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
^geis. 

CYDATHENiGUM, a demus of Attica, of the 
tribe Pandionis. The birth-place of Ni- 
cochares, the comedian, and Andocydes, 
the orator. 

Cydna, a port of LydA, 8 m. from Hiera 
prom. 



CYD 



128 



CYP 



Cydni, a people of Pannonia, on Arrabo fl. 
Ctdnus fl.y a r. of Cilicia Campestris, rising 
in Taurus m. above Tarsus, and falling into 
the sea at Rhegma lacus. Noted for its 
excessive coldness, which nearly killed 
Alexander, and for the pageant of Cleo- 
patra. Tersoos, 
Cydonea Ins., one of Leucfe ins., .£olis, 

with warm springs. 
Ctdonia, a town of Crete, on the n. coast, 

bet. Minoum and Aptera. Jerami, 
Cydrara, Phrygise, i. q. Laodicea. 
CYDRiiE, a town of the Brygi, Illyria, e. of 

Lychnitis palus, near Brygias. 
Cyinda, a fortress of Cilicia Campestris, 

above Anchiale. 
Cyiza, a maritime town of Gedrosia, bet. 

Alambatis prom, and Daranabilla. 
Cylicranes, a tribe of Malienses, Thessaly, 

towards Trachis. 
Cylindrine, a district of India, about the 

source of the Ganges. 
Cylistarnus 11., a r. of Lucania, foiling 
into Tarentinus sin., s. of Siris fl. Jtaca- 
nello, 
Cylla (Chelidonia), a town of Phrygia Pa- 
rorea, bet. Synnada and Antiochia Pisidia, 
E. of Metropolis. 
Cyllanus campus, the plain of Phrygia 

Parorea, about Cylla. Sitshanli. 
Cyllene, I. a m., the highest of the range 
which, extending e. from Erymanthus m., 
separates Arcadia from Achaia, situate bet. 
Stymphalus and Pheneus. Sacred to Mer- 
cury. Zyria. II. the harbour of Elis, on 
the N. coast, e. of Chelonatus prom., 15 m. 
from its capital. Named after Cyllenius, 
the Arcadian. The Pelasgic port of em- 
barkation for Italy. Lechena. 
Cyllenicus sinus, a gulf of the Ionian s. 

at Cyllene, Elis. 
Cymaria, a port of Caria, 8 m. frt>m 

Pasada. 
Cyme, chief of the twelve cities of .^Bolis 
Asiatica, on Cumsus (Eleaticus) sin., w. 
frt)m Myrina, sumamed Phriconis from 
Phricium m., in Locris, the previous seat 
of its .£olian colonizers. OriginaUy a 
Pelasgic city, and named frt)m the amazon 
Cume. The residence of Homer's ances- 
tors, and of the father of Hesiod. The 
birth-place of Ephorus, the Nestorian. 
Sanderly, II. a town of Euboea, near 
Chalcis, the seat of the colonizers of the 
Italian Cumee. 
Cymine, Dolopise, i. q. Ctimene. 
CYNiETHA, a town of Arcadia, under Aroanius 
m., N.w. of Clitor. Its inhabitants were 
noted for their profligacy and barbarism. 
Calavrita, 



Cynetes (Cynesii, Cnnaei), the people of the 

Cuneus, Lusitania. 
Cyneticum littus, the coast of Narbonen- 

sis, towards the Pyrenees. 
Cynia palus, a salt lake of Acamania, on 
the s. coast, bet. Melite pal. and Uria paL, 
7i m. long by 2 broad. Probably an early 
mouth of Achelous fl. Lago d^Antolico, 
Cynopolis, I. a town of Heptanomis, on 
an island in the Nile, opposite Co. II. of 
Lower Egypt, on the Sebennytic branch of 
the Nile, 5 geog. m. w. f^m Thmuis. 
Named from the circumstance that dogs 
were worshipped there. Busir ? 
Cynortium m., a m. of Argolis, near Epi- 

daurus. 
CynoscephXl^, '^ dog's head,'' I. a place 
in Bceotia, bet. Leuctra and Thebes. II. 
a hill of Pelasgiotis, Thessaly, nearSoo- 
tussa. The scene of the defeat of Philip 
of Macedon by Flaminius, 197 b.c. 
Cyngssema, I. ** dog's tomb," a place near 
Calydon, ^tolia, where Atalanta's dog, 
killed by the boar, was buried. II. a pr. 
of Attica, the e. termination of Pentelicuff 
m. towards Marathon. III. (Onagnathos), 
a pr. of Caria, at the s. entrance of Doridi? 
sin. C. AloupOf or Volpe. TV. a town of 
Chersonesus Thrada, on the Hellespont. 
Named from the metsunorphosis and death 
here of Hecuba. Noted for the victory of 
the Athenian fleet under Thrasybulus and 
Thrasyllus over the Peloponnesian allies. 
Kelidil'bahar, 
Cynosthrium prom., a pr. of Pamphylia, 

bet. Cestrus fl. and Eurymedon fl. 
Cynosura, '^ dog's tul," prom., a headland 
of Attica, in Saronicus sin., the w. ex- 
tremity of Pentelicus m. Cape Cavala, 
Cynthus m., a m. of Delos, giving their sur- 
name to Apollo and Diana. 
Cynuria, a district of Arcadia, on the oon- 

flnes of Argolis. 
Cynosuria, an ancient district of Mega- 

ris. 
CYNUs,the port of Opus Locrid.,7i ni. n.w.. 
from the capital. The burial-place of 
Pyrrha. Lebaniiis. 
Cyparisseis fl., a r. of Messenia, rising 
in .^aleus m., L., falling into Cyparissus- 
sin. near Cyparissia. Arcadhia. 
Cyparissi A, I. a town of Laconia, on Laconi- 
cus sin., s. of Acriee, close to Asopus. 
Rupino : Rampino ; Castel KyparisH. II. 
of Messenia, on Cyparissius sin., w. of 
Messine. Arcadhia, III. a name of 
Samos. 
Cyparissium prom., a headland of Messe- 
nia, the s. extremity of Cyparissius sin. 
C KonellOf or C. Apidaglia, 



CYP 



129 



CYT 



Ctparissius sinus, a gulf of Ionium mare, 
extending 36 m. on either side from Cypa- 
rissia. G. d*Arcadhia, 

Cyparissus, " full of cypresses," a town of 
Phocis, on Parnassus m., bet. Delphi and 
Lebadia. Ponies, 

Ctpasis, a town of Chersonesus Thracia, 
on Melas sin., s. of Cardia. 

-Cyphanta, a town of Laconia, n.w. of 
Zarax, ] § m. from the sea. In ruins in 
Pausanias' time. Kyphanto, 

Cyphara (Cypaera), a fortress of Dolopia, 
Thessaly, on the frontier of Phthiotis, on 
Phoenix fl., below Phalacthia. Kyphara. 

Cyphus, I. a m. of Perrhsbia, Thessaly, one 
of the Olympus range, overlooking the 
cognominal town. II. a town of Perrhse- 
bia, Thessaly, towards Ascuris palus. 

CYPRiiE ins., three islets of Lycia, in the 
Lydum mare, towards Phaselis. Trinesia. 

Cyprii, a demus of Attica. 

Cyprus ins., "cypress-growing" (Sphecia, 
Cerastis, Cryptus), an isl. of the Mediter- 
ranean, equidistant bet. Phcenicia and 
Cilicia. The third in extent of the seven 
great islands of the Mediterranean. In 
length 140 m., in greatest breadth 50. 
Colonized from Phoenicia, Greece, Crete, 
and Egypt. Cyprus : KibrHs. 

Cyps ARIA, a maritime town of Syrtica Regio, 
bet. Casse and Prsesidium. 

CxTSiLA, I. a town of Arcadia, n.w. of Me- 
galopolis. Founded by Cypsilus. II. of 
the Apsynthii, Thrace, on Egnatia Via, 
bet. Trajanopolis (29) and Siracella (30). 
Jpsala, 

Cyptasia (Cloptasa), Paphlagonia, i. q. 
Gurzubanthon. 

Cyrba, an early name of Hierapytna, in 
Crete. 

Cyre fl., a stream of Cyrenaica, near Cyrene, 
probably giving name to the district. 

Cyrenaica, a district of Africa, bounded n. 
by the Mediterranean, s. by Libya, e. by 
Marmarica, at Chersonesus Magna, andw. 
by Africa Propria, at Philaenorum Arse. 
Made a Roman province circa 90 e.g., in 
conjunction with Crete. Barca. 

Cyrene, capital of Cyrenaica, 10 m. inland, 
s.w. from its port, Apollonia. Built 630 
B.C. by a Lacedaemonian colony from Thera 
ins., under Battus, from whom the Cyre- 
nians were also called Battiadae. The seat 
of the Aristippian or Cyrenaic sect. The 
district was noted for its fine horses. Kay- 
ran; Kyreune ; Kurin, 

Cyreschata (Cyropolis), a town of Sog- 
diana, n.e. of Maracanda. Built by Cyrus; 
destroyed by Alexander, but restored. 

Cyretijb, a town of Perrhsebia, Thessaly, on 



Titaresius fl., below Oloossoon. Tcherit'* 
chant. 

CYRHADiE, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Acamantis. 

Cyrnus, a town of Euboea, near Carystus. 

Cyropolis, I. a port of the Cadusii, Media, 
on the Caspian, n. of Amardus fl. Reschd. 
II. a town of Persis Proper, w. of Pasar- 
gada. III. of Sogdiana, i. q. Cyreschata. 

CyrrhestIca, I. a district of Emathia, Ma- 
cedonia, about Cyrrhus* II. of Syria, bet. 
the plain of Antioch w., the Euphrates e., 
Commagene n., and Chalybonitis s. 

Cyrrhus, I. capital of Cyrrhestica, Mace- 
donia, 16 m. N.w. from Pella. Palceo- 
Castro. II. of Cyrrhestica, Syriae, bet. 
Chanunia and Gindarus, n.e. of Antiochia* 
The birth-place of Avidius Cassius. 

Cyrthaneus portus, vide Scythranius. 

Cyrtii, a people of Persia, towards the 
Mardi. 

Cyrtone, a town of Boeotia, 2J m. n.w. 
from Holmones, on Ptoon m. 

Cyrus fl. I. (Agradatas), a r. of Asia, 
rising n. of Fasargada and falling into 
Bagradas fl. e. of Apostana. II. (Corns, 
Cyrnus), of Asia, rising in Faryadrus m. 
below Artanissa, and, after separating 
Iberia and Albania from Armenia Major, 
falling into the Caspian by twelve mouths 
below Sanina. Kur. III. of Media, falling 
into the Caspian at Charax. 

Cyssus (Casystes), the s. port of Erythrae, 
Ionia. Tchesmeh. 

Cyt^a (Cuta), I. capital of Colchis, neap 
Phasis fl., R., below Surapona. The city 
of Medea. II. a maritime town of Tau- 
rica Chertonesus, s. bet. Cimmerium and 
Acra. 

Cyt^eum, I. the n.e. extremity of Tapro- 
bane. II. a town on the n. coast of 
Crete, s.w. of Dium prom. Near Poli" 
c astro. 

Cyterium, a town of Bruttium, near Con- 
sentia. Cerisano. 

Cythera, I. pritis Porphyris, an isl. of La- 
conia, in the iEgean, 6 m. s.w. from 
Malea prom. Here Venus rose from the 
sea. Cerigo. II. its capital, on the s.e. 
coast, \\ va. from the sea. 

Cytheron (Cytherus), a demus of Attica, of 
the tribe Pandionis. One of the twelve 
divisions of Cecrops. 

Cytherus fl., a r. of Elis, falling into AI- 
pheus fl., E. near Heraclea. Lintza. 

Cythnus, I. one of the Cyclades, bet. Ceos 
and Seriphus. Noted for its cheese. The 
scene of the Pseudo-Nero's adventures. 
Devastated by Amphytrion. Tkermia., 
II. a m. of Delos. Monte Cintio, III. 



CYT 



130 



DAL 



capital of the oognominal island, on the w. 
coast HevrcBO'Citstro. 

Cttinium, a town of Doris, the chief of 
the Dorica Tetrapolis, w. of Parnassus, on 
the confines of Locri Ozolse. 

Cttonium (Certonium), a maritime town of 
JSolis Asiatica, s. of Carine. Kidonia. 

Cttorum, a Greek town of Paphlagonia, on 
the coast, 26 m. e. from Amastris, whither 
its inhabitants were removed by Queen 
Amastris. Kidros. 

Cttorus m., a m. of Paphli^onia, over- 
looking Cytorum. It was noted for its 
line boxwood. 

Ctzicus, a dty of Mysia, on an island in 
Propontis, s. of JBsepos fl. Built by 
Cyzicus, son of Apollo, the chief of a 
Pelasgic colony from Thessaly. Perma- 
nently settled by Milesians ; connected by 
a bridge with the continent by Alexander. 
Under Rome, a free city. Memorable for 
its siege by Mithridates. The birth-place 
of Agathocles, Neanthes, &c. AtraH. 

Ctzistra (Cosistra), a town of Cilida Pref., 
Cappadoda. 

D. 

Dabana, a town of Mesopotamia, bet. Car- 
rae and Calinicum, near the source of Be- 
llas fl. 

Dabenegora, a port of the Caludsei, Arabia 
Felix, s. of Asaborum prom. Daba ; 
Dobba. 

Daberath, a town of Zebulun, under Tabor 
m. Dabira, 

DabljE, a town of Bithynia, bet. Tottseum 
(28) and Dadaslana (40). 

Dablan, a town of Chaldsea, on the Euphra- 
tes, L., bet. Donantilia and Aserga. 

Dabrona fl., a r. of Hibemia s., 10 m. 
from Bargus fl. Lee, 

Dacharemoiz^, a people of Arabia Felix, 
N. of Marithse montes. Dar^al-Khara- 
matah. 

Dachareni, a people of Arabia Felix, n. 
of Macoraba. Tribe of Dwy Daher, 

Dachinabades, " south land," the coast of 
India i. Gangem, s. of Lance pens. Dec- 
can. 

Dacia, a country of Europe, bounded n. 
by Sarmatia Europsea, at Tyras fl., s. by 
Moesia, at the Danube, w. by Pannonia, at 

. the Tibiscus, e. by the Euxine. The 
country of the Dad, prius Daoi. It was 
distributed into Alpensis under Carpatus 
m., Mediterranea (central Dada), and 
Bipensis, the n. portion. TranayPbania, 
Wallachia^ Moldavia {Bessarabia), 

Dacibtza, a town of Bithynia, on Astace- 



nus sin., n. bet Nicomedia and Lybiasak 

Ghebze, 
Dacoca, a town of the Garameei, AMyria, 

s.s.E. of Arbela. 
Dacora (Daora), I. a town of Cilioene, 

Cappadoda, near Caesarea-Mazaca. II. 

(Thiar), of Osrhoene, Mesopotamia, bet 

Apamea and Anthemusias. 
Dactonium, a town of the Lucenses, Tar-> 

raconensis, on Silis fl., R., below Fomm 

Cigurrorum. 
Dactylesma, a viUage of Arcadia, s. of 

Maniee. The scene of one of Orestes' 

phrensies. 
Dadancana, a village of Bithynia, bet 

Prusias ad Hypium and Bithynium. 
Dad ARA, a town of Arabia, on the Euphrates, 

bet. Dura and Merrhan. 
Dadastana, a town of Bithynia, bet Dabis 

(40) and Juliopolis (26). The death-place 

of Jovian. 
Dadena, a port of the Caludsei, ArahiB, s, 

of Dabanegora. The abode of Dedan, 

grandson of Cush. Daden. 
Dadks prom., a pr. of Cyprus, e. of Citinm. 

C. Chiti. 
Dadtbra, a town /)f Paphlagonia, near the 

source of Amnias fl. 
D^ANTius CAMPUS, the district about Dcas, 

in Phrygia. 
DiEDALA, a town of Caria, on GUaadua ain., 

at the mouth of Ninus fl., 6^ m. finom 

^Callimache. Named from Daedaloa, who 

was bitten to death here by a serpent 
D^DALiDJB, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Cecropis. 
Djedalium, prius Omphale, a fbrtren of 

Sicily, s. bet. Agrigentum (18) and Phmtie. 

The dtadel of PhiSaris. 
D^MONUM ins., an isl. of Arabia Felix, in 

the Red Sea, s.e. of Berenice. 
'Dmticum, a people of India e. Gangem, 

bet Hyphasis and Hesudrus ffl. 
Dagdu ANA, a town of Arsissa, Mesopotamia, 

on Arsissa pal. w. Dedvan. 
Dagolassus (Megalassus), a town of Cap- 
padoda, bet. Zara (20) and Nicopc^ (24). 
Dagona (Dogana), a town of Armenia 

Minor, bet. Sebastia Comassa (15) and 

Dagolassus (25). 
Dagosira, a port of Gedrosia, on Paragon 

sin., bet. Pasida and Samydace. 
Dahje, I. a people of Hyrcania, about Hyr* 

cania. II. (Dii, Macheerophori), of Thrace, 

about Rhodope m. 
Daix fl., a r. of Scythia i. Imaum, fiilling 

into the Caspian e. of Rymmus fl. JDaik; 

Ural. 
Dala fl., a r. of Gaul, falling into the 

Rhodanus, E. of Lemanus lac Dala, 



XIAL 



131 



BAB 



Dalanda (Ladana), a town of Armenia 
Minor, on the Euphrates. 

I>ALASis, a maritime district of Cilida, to- 
wards Charanioe. 

Daldes (Daldia), a town of Lydia, near 
Mseonia. The birth-place of Artemidorus. 
Ghiuldiz. 

Dalion fl., a r. of Triphylia, Ells, felling 
into Alpheus fl. n. of Typana. 

Dalisandus, a town ot Cappadocia, near 
Cydnus fl. 

Dautbknt, the early name of the Veragri, 
from Dfdafl. 

Dalmanutha, a town of Galilee, on Gen- 
neaareth lacus. 

DalmIt^e, a people of lUyria, extending 
along tiie coast of the Adriatic from Titins 
fl. to Barbana fl., and to a confflderable 
distance mhnd. 

Dalminium (Delmium), capital of the Dal- 
matae, lUyria, towards Andetrium. 

Daman I A, a town of Tarraconensis, on 
Turia fl., L., below Lobetum. 

Damascus (Damasek, Darmasek), a city of 
Syria, and at one tim& its capital, 176 m. 
S.W. firom Palmyra. Contemporary with 
Abraham. The scene of St. Paul's first 
preaching the Gospel. Damascus; De- 
meshk ; Es Sham. 

Damasi m., m. of India e. Gangem, bet. 
Darius fl. and Doanas fl. 

Damasia, a town of the Vindelid, Rhsetia, 
on licurfl. 

Damastium, a town of the Perisadii, Ulyria. 
Noted for its silver mines. 

Damna, I. the largest of Orcades ins., n.e. 
of Ocetis. II. a town of Serica, on 
CEdiardesfl. 

Damnia, a port of the Omanitee, Arabiee, s. 
of AciUflii Dogma, 

Damnii, a people of Valentia, Britan., ex- 
tending across the island s.w. to n.e. 
from s. of Vidogara sin. to n. of Bodotria 
.£staar. 

Damnonii (Dnmnonii), a people occup3ring 
the w. portion of Britannia I., from w. of 
Yezalla Mstuar. n. and from e. of Isaca fl. 
s. Devonshire and Cornwall. 

Damnonium prom., i. q. Ocrinum. 

Dan, I. a tnbe of Israel, bounded n. by 
Ephraim at Geser, s. by Juda at Beth- 
semes, w. by the Mediterranean, and b. by 
Benjamin, w. of Bethhoron. II. prius 
Laish, capital of Dan, bet. Caesarea Panias 
E. and Behob. The chief locahty of Jero- 
boam' s idolatry. The n. bomukiry of the 
Israelites. Tel el Kady. 

Dana, I. Cappadocia, i. q. Tyana. II. a 
port of Taprobane, s. bet. Cytseum prom, 
and Omseum prom. Tanoal, 



Danai, the Pelasgi of Argos, so naming them- 
selves from Danaus. 

Danala, a village of Galatia, where th« 
conference bet. Lucullus and Pompey waa 
held. 

Danapris fl., i. q. Borysthenes. 

Danaster fl., L q. Tyras. 

Dandace, a port of Taurica Chersonesus, w. 
above Eupatoria. 

Dandagula, capital of the Caling», Indise, 
on Manada fl. Calingaputam, 

Dandari (Dandaridse), a people at Sarmatia 
Asiatica, contigiious to tilie Sindi. 

Dandarica, a district of Sarmatia Asiatica^ 
on Vardanes fl., R., towards its mouth. 

EUnduti, a tribe of Chatti, Germania, on 
Adrana fl., R., below the Batti. 

Daneum portus, .£gypti, 1. q. Arsinoe- 
Cleopatris. 

Danthaleta (Denseletse), a tribe of Dar^ 
dani, Thrace, n. of the Medi, bet. ^a7mon 
fl. and the Bessi, under H^emus m., and 
in Moesia, under Soomius m. 

Danubius fl., a r. of Europe, rising in 
Abnoba m. and fetlling, after a course of 
1770 m., into the Euxine by several 
mouths (6 according to Pliny, 7 according 
to Strabo). From its mouth to its junc- 
tion with Savus fl., its early name was 
Ister. Danube; Donau. 

Danum, a town of the Brigantes, Britan., 
bet. Legeolium and Agelocum. Doncaster, 

Daorsi, a tribe of Dtdmatse, Illyria, con- 
tiguous to the Ardiaei. 

Daphaba, a town of the Cselatse, Thrace, 
on Harpessus fl., bet. Burdextium and 
Nice. 

Daphne, I. a town of Lower Egypt, on 
Bubasticus fl., 16 m. s.w. from Pelusium. 
II. a fortress of Lycia. III. a village of 
Syria, 5 m. s. from Antioch. Noted for 
its royal pleasure-gardens. It communi- 
cated the surname Epidaphne to Antioch. 
IV. the port of Trapezus. 

Daphnitis ins., an isl. of the Colobi, in the 
Red Sea, opposite Sabee. Dollaca. 

Daphnus, I. a port of Ethiopia, on Ery- 
thrseum mare, w. of Elephas fl. II. warm 
baths of Ionia, in the territory of Cla- 
zomenae. III. a town of the Locri Opun- 
tii, on Opuntius sin., 2J^ m. e. from Cne- 
mis. Extinct in Strabo's time. 

Daphnusis palus, a lake of Bithynia, formed 
by Hypius fl. below Prusias. L. Ef- 
nanly. 

Dara, I. a r. of Carmania, falling into Per- 
sicus sin. bet. Bagrada fl. and Ila, opposite 
Sogdiana ins. It separates the Camelo- 
bosci from Rudiane. Darabin. II. a 
town of Mygdonia., Meso^otKCDMSi, ^. ^ 

1L*1 



DAR 



132 



DAU 



Nisibis. Named by Anastasius, Anasta- 
siopolis. Dara-Kardin? 

DxRADiE, a people of Libya Interior, about 
the mouth of Daradus 11. The Foulahs, 

Daradax fl. (Dardes), a r. of Syria, falling 
into the Euphrates bet. Barbalissus and 
Eragiza. It separates Cyrrhestica from 
Syria Proper. 

Daradil£, a people of Scythia e. Imaum, 
s.E. of the Byltse. 

Daradus il. (Dara), a r. of Libya Interior, 
falling into the Atlantic. Senegal. 

DAJBLJEf a people of Libya Interior. Darah. 

Paragamonis fl., a r. of Bactria, falling 
into Ozus fl. E. of Bactrus fl. 

Daranabilla, a port of Gredrosia, bat. 
Alambatis prom, and Dendrobosa. 

DARANDiE, a people of.Drangiana, on the 
borders of Aria. 

Daranissa, a district of Armenia Interior, 
N. of Chorzene. Daranaghi, 

Daranon, a town of the Trocmi, Galatia, 
bet. Mogaron and Zela. 

Dar ANT ASIA (Forum Claudii), capital of the 
MeduUi, Alpes Penninse, on Isara fl., R., 
bet. Oblimum and Axima. Moutiers en 
Tarentaise, 

Darapsa, i. q. Drapsaca. 

jDardXni, a tribe of Pelasgi, from Moesia or 
Psonia, who, under Dardanus their chief, 
son of Jupiter and Electra, colonized first 
Samothrace and then Dardania, in Asia 
Minor, circa 1506 B.C., allying themselves 
with their brethren the Teucri. Remark- 
able, amid great barbarism in other 
respects, for their delight in music. 

Dardania, I. the portion of Moesia Superior 
on the confines of Macedonia, settled by 
the Dardani. II. the district of Troas, in 
Asia Minor, colonized by the Dardani, ex- 
tending along the coast from Rhodius fl. to 
Rhseteum prom., and inland to the territo- 
ries of Zeleia, Assus, and Antandros. 

Dardanium (Dardanis) prom., a pr. of Dar- 
dania Asiatica, s. of Abydus. Kejpoburun- 
Puntadei; Barbari. 

DardXnus, I. the capital of Dardania 
•Asiatica, at the foot of Ida m. II. a town 
of Dardania Asiatica, at Dardanium prom., 
7^ m. s. from Abydus. 

Dardi, an Illyrian tribe, whom, with the 
Monades, Diomed found in occupation of 
a portion of Daunia Apulia, about Trica, 
and whom he destroyed. 

Dareium, a town of Parthia-Arpavarcticene, 
N. of Tabas. DehuMuhammed, 

Darentiaca, a town of the Tricastini, Vien- 
nensis, on Druna fl., R., above Augusta 
Tricastinorum. 

Dargidus fl., Bactrise, i. q. Bactrus. 



Dargomanes fl., a r. of Bactriana, rising in 

Parapomisus m. and falling into the Ochus. 
Darini, a people of Hibernia, e. bet. the 

Robogdii n. and the Usluntii s. Doton, 

Armagh, and Antrim, 
Dariorigum (Darioritum), capital of the 

Veneti, Lugdunensis, 14 geog. m. firom 

Portus Namnetum. Venne; Vannet; 

locally, Wenet, 
Daritis, a district of Media Magna, w. of 

the Vadasi. 
Darnis (Zarine), one of the five chief towns 

of Pentapolis, Cyrenaicee, bet. Azilis and 

Aphrodisias. Deme. 
Daroma, a toparchy of Judeea, n. of 6e- 

raritica. , 

Daron, a town of the Memnones, Meroe, e. 

of Meroe. 
Darr^e (Kedarrse), a people of Arabia Felix, 

on the Red Sea, bet. the Sideni and the 

Banubari. About El Khedheyre. There 

was a tribe of the same name on the s.e. 

coast, among the Omanitse. 
Darsa (DyrzUa, Zorzila), a town of Pisidia, 

bet. Cormasa and Lysinoe. 
Dartoritum, capital of the Veneti, Lugdu- 
nensis III., w.N.w. of Duretia. 
Dascon, a fortress of Sicily, on the coast, 

N.E. of Plemmyriura prom. 
Dascusa, a town of Melitene Prefectuniy 

Cappadocia. 
Dascylitis (Dascylos) palus, a lake of 

Bithynia, on Rhyndacus fl., R., towards 

Dascylium, formed by Odrysses fl. L, 

Diaskilo, 
Dascylium, I. a name of Bithynia and 

Mysia, as a Persian Satrapy. II. a city of 

Bithynia, on Propontis, bet. Rhyndacus fl. 

and Gebes fl. Diaskilo, 
Dase^e, a town of Arcadia, 1 m. s« from 

Macareae. 
Dasbna, a town of Arbelitis, Assyria, bet« 

Arbela and Gaugamela. 
Dasmenda (Dasmena), postea Tzamandns, 

a fortress of Cappadocia, on the confines 

of Commagene. 
Dassaretia, the country of the Dassaretse, 

Illyria, round Lychnitis palus. Daulag, 
Dastarcum, a fortress of Cataonia. 
Datii, a tribe of Ruteni, Aquitania, on the 

Garumna, L., bet. Aginnum and Lactora. 

About Testet. 
Datos, a maritime town of the Edones, 

Thrace, close to Neapolis, and by Leake 

identified with it. Noted for its gold 

mines and its fertility. Founded by Calis- 

tratus the Athenian. 
Daucones, a people of Scandia ins. s. 
Daulia, a town of the Eordetii lUyriay n.e. 

of Asparagium, 



DAU 



133 



DEL 



Daulis (Daulia, Daulium), a town of Pho- 
cis, 3^ m. w. from Panopeus. The scene 
of the story of Phllomele and Procne. 
Daulia, 

Dauni, a people of Apulia, a mixed race of 
Illyrian Japyges and Osd, occupying the 
tipper portion of the region above the Peu- 
ceti, from whom they were separated by a 
line drawn from AuHdus 11. to Silvium. 
Named from their king, Daunus, identified 
by tradition as the father-in-law of Dio- 
med. 

Dautonia, a town of the Oseriatee, Pan- 
nonia, bet. Piretae and Sisda. 

Davaba (Davada), a town of Scythia i 
Imaum, e. of Asbabota. 

Davara, a town of Cappadocia, in Taurus 
m., 6 geog. m. from Irenopolis. Dalak. 

Davianum, a town of the Vocontii, Viennen- 
sis, E.s.E. of Cambonum. 

Daxata, a town of Serica. 

Daximonitis, a district of Pontus, on Iris fl., 
below Comana. 

Dea Vocgntiorum, capital of the Vocontii, 
Gallia Viennensis, on Druna 11., R., bet. 
Lucus Augusti (12) and Augusta Tricasti- 
norum (23). Luc^ near Vaugelas. 

Deba, a town of Mesopotamia, on the Tigris, 
R., s.E. of Nisibis. Eski-Mosul. 

Dbbjb (Dedebse, nicknamed by the Greeks 
Cinsedocolpitae), a people of Arabia Felix, 
on Bsetius fl. IVibe of Zebeyde. 

Debeltus, a town of the Sellets, Thrace, 
on the Euxine, bet. Anchialus and Apol- 
Ionia. 

Debir, prius Kirjath-Sepher, Kiriath-San- 
nai, I. a sacerdotal city of Juda, bet. Duma 
N.E. and Beerseba s.w. II. a town of 
Gad, £. of the Jordan. III. of Benjamin. 

Deboma, a town of the Eordeti, Illyria, on 
Apsus fl., N.w. of Illon. Dobrin. 

Deboras, sumamed Inferior, a town of the 
Penestse, on Drilo fl., below Deborus 
Superior. Dibre. II. Superior, of the 
Penestse, on Drilo Niger fl., below Uscana. 
Dibre, 

Debotes fl., a r. of Sardinia, falling into the 
sea towards Bitia. Iscagessa, 

Debris, a town of the Griuramantes, Africse. 

Decants (Canteei), a maritime tribe of 
Caledonii, e., about Vara Mat. and Tusesis 
JEst, On Cromarty Frith. 

Decapolis, Bethsan, a district of Judea, 
principally e. of the Jordan, n. of Ammo- 
nitis. Named from its ten confederate 
cities. 

Decastadium, a town of Bruttium, bet. 
Peripolinm and Leucopetra prom., on Via 
Trajana. Castitio. 

Dkceleia, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 



Hippothoontis, bet. Cephissia and Oropus,- 
(15). It was the Deceleians who indicated 
Helena's hiding-place to the Tyndaridse* 
Varibobi. 

Decem PA6I, a town of the Mediomatrices, 
Belgica I., on Saravus fl., bet. Ad Duode- 
cim and Pons Saravi. Dienze. 

Decetia (Degena), a town of the JEdmy 
Lugdunensid I., on an island of the Liger, 
bet. Nivernum, n.w., and Aquae Nisense, 
s.E. Deciae. 

Deciaxa, a town of the Indigetes, Tarraco- 
nensis, n.e. of Juncaria. 

Deciates (Liguri Transalpini), I. a mari- 
time tribe of Salyes, Narbonensis, about 
Antipolis, e. of the Oxybii. II. their 
capital, i. q. Antipolis. 

Decium, a town of the Varduli, Tarraconen- 
sis, s.E. of Deva. 

Decennovium, a canal of Latium, running 
from Forum Appii southwards, parallel 
with Via Appia. 

Dectunines, a people of Alpes Maritimae. 

Decuma, a town of the Turtuli, Baetica, on 
the Baetis, L., above Corbula. 

Dedan, a district of Arabia Petraea, s.E. of 
Idumaea. The seat of the children of 
Dedan, son of Jokshan. Vide Daden. 

Deolane, a town of Albania, on Alazonius 
fl., 6 geog. m. N. from Nega. 

Debavites, a people of Persia. 

Deibicc^, a port of Margiana, on the con- 
flnes of Parthia, e. of Apabarcticene. 

Deipnas, a town of Thessaly, near Larissa, 
where Apollo was entertained on his re- 
turn from Tempe. 

Deirades, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Leontis. 

Delas fl., Assyriae, i. q. Gorgus. 

Delbia, a name of Derbe, Lycaonia, from 
the juniper it produced. 

Delgovitia, a town of the Brigantfs, Brit.^ 
bet. Derventio (13) and Praetorium (25). 
Near Skiptouy n. 

Delium, I. a port of Boeotia, 5 m. n.e. from 
Tanagra, on the Euripus. Noted for the 
battle between the Athenians and Boeo- 
tians, in which Alcibiades saved the life of 
Socrates. Dramiai. II. (Edelium), a town 
of Laconia, on Argolicus sin., with an oracle 
of Apollo. 

Delos (Asteria, Ortygia, Cynthia), an isL 
of the iEgean, the centre of the Cyclades, 
bet. Rhenea and Myconus. It arose from 
the sea, as a resting-place for Latona. 
Here was celebrated the quinquennial fes- 
tival of the Greeks, called Delia. The 
birthplace of Apollo and Diana, whence 
the island was deemed so sacred that no 
burials were permitted m ^. S^\\\^ ^st 



DID 



136 



DIO 



DioYMis, a town of Thebais, bet. Phoenicon 
and Aphroditis, s.e. of Thebse. 

DioYMOTEiCHOS, a town of Mysia, on Gra- 
nicus fl., s.w. of Priapus. XHmotiko, II. 
of the Odrysse, Thracise, on Hebrus fl., 
above Zorinia. Dimotiko. 

DiDYMUs, a town of Argolis, bet. Mazes and 
Boll (21). Didymo. 

DiOBA, Babylon, i. q. Didigoa. 

DiGDiDA, a town of the Psylli, Africa Prop.) 
w. of Ars Philsenorum. 

DiGENTiA fl., a r. of Sabinium, falling into 
Curensis fl. Licenza. 

Dii» Thradae, i. q. Dahee. 

DiGLiTo fL.f a name of the Tigris, towards 
its junction with Nympheeus fl. 

DiKELA, a district of Arabia Petreea, on the 
Red Sea, bet. the Sideni and the Darrte. 

DiLis, a town of the Segoregii, Narbonensi^, 
on the coast, w. of Incaro. 

Dim ALLUM (Dimalle), a fortress of the Par- 
thini, Illyria, on Mathis fl., bet. lissus 
and Epidamnus. Maloaae, 

DiMASTUs, I. a m. of Myconos ins. II. an 
isl. of Rhodes. 

DiNARETUM (Glides, Boosura, Olympus) 
prom., the n.e. extremity of Cyprus. With 
a temple of Venus Urania or Acrsea, from 
which women were excluded. C Sanf 
Andria, 

Dindymene (Dindymus) m., m. of Phrygia 
Epictetus, running from about the source 
of Hermus fl., towards Mysia and Bithy- 
nia. .. Sacred to Rhea or Cybele. Morad 
Dagh, 

Dindymus m., i. q. Dindymene. 

DiNiA, town of the Bodiontici, Alpes Mari- 
timee, n.w. of Sanitium. Digne, 

DiNi^, Phryg., i. q. Cylla. 

DiNOGiTiA, a town of Moesia, on the Da- 
nube, bet. Noviodunum and Arrubium. 

DioCiESAREA, I. a town of Cilida-Trachea, 
on Calycadnus fl., about Hyria. II. (Se- 
phoris, Zippori), of Galilaea, 18 m. w.s.w. 
from Tiberias. Destroyed by Varus ; re- 
stored by Herod Antipas. Sefurieh, III. 
of Garsauritis, Cappadocia, near Nazian- 
zus. 

DiocLEA (Docela), a town of Phrygia Epict., 
bet. Cydissus and Cotyeum. 

DiocLETiANOFOLis, a later name of Pella, 
Macedoniae. 

Dion OKI ins., a commercial isl. at the en- 
trance of the Red Sea, s.w. of Ocelis. 
Parim. 

DiODURUM, a town of the Camutes, Lug- 
dunensis IV., s.w. of Lutetia. 

DiOGENis prom., a pr. of the Troglodytse, 
on the Red Sea, above Satyrorum prom. 

DiOLCos OSTIUM NiLi, oue of the two lesser 



mouths of the Nile, e. of Sebennyticain 

ost. 
DioLELE prsesidium, a fortress of Byzacene, 

s.w. of Capsa. 
DiOLiNDUM, a town of the Petrocorii, Aqui- 

tania II., on Duronius fl., bet. Vesunna n. 

and Divona s.e. 
DiOLUM, a town of the Brigantes, Brit., s.e. 

of Morbium. 
Diomedea (Tremitus) ins., chief of the 

Diomedese ins., Apuliee. The death-place 

of Augustus' grand-daughter Julia. Isola 

San Domenico, 
DiOM£DEi£ ins., three islets of Apulia, off 

Uria. Named from the metamorphosis 

there of the companions of Diomed. Stm 

Domenico .- San Nicola ; Caprara, 
Diomedis campi, the district of Apulia, bet 

Cerbalus fl. and Aufldus fl. Apportioned 

by Daunus to Diomed. 
Diomedis Stabulum, i. q. Dicsea. 
Dion, a town of Palestine, 2 m. n. from 

Pella. Noted for its water, sweet but 

very unwholesome. 
DioNYS FORTUs, a port of Marmarica, neat 

Chersonesus Magna. 
DiONYSiA ins., a name of Naxos, frt>m its 

fine wines. 
DiONYSiADES ins., two isl. of Crete, in Di- 

dymus sin., over against Cetia prom* 

Yanidzares, 
DioNYSiAS, I. a town of Heptanomis, near 

Arsinoe Crocodilopolis, s.w. II. Tra« 

chonitis, n.e. of Cranatha. 
DiONYsii prom., a pr. of Byzacene at Ha- 

drumetum s. 
DiONYSioPHANi, the port of Arsinoe II.» 

Indiee, i. q. Nagara. 
DiONYsopoLis, a town of Phrygia Mag.^ 

n.e. of Hierapolis. 
DiopoLis, I. a town of the Odrysse, Thnioe> 

s.w. of Bessapara. II. i. q. Cabira. 
DioscoRiDis ins., an isl. of Ethiopia, on 

Erythraeum mare, n.e. of Aromatom 

prom. Noted for its aloes. Socotra, 
DioscoRON poRTus, a port of the Troglo- 

dytse, on the Red Sea, e. of Napata* 

Baahr al Fushaa. 
Dioscorum ins., an islet of Bruttium, s.s* 

of Ogygia ins. Now submerged. 
DioscuRiAS (postea Sebastopolis), a town 

of Ecretice, Colchis, on the Euxine, 40 m. 

S.E. from Pityus, at the mouth of Anthe* 

mus fl. Built by Castor and Pollux, or, 

according to others, by their charioteers, 

the HeDiochi. 
DiosHiERON, I. a town of Ionia, bet. Lebe« 

dos and Colophon. II. postea Christo- 

polis, of Lydia, on Caystrus fl.» in Cilbia« 

nus campus. 



DIO 



137 



DOL 



DiosPOLis, I* Bithynise, i. q. Dia. II. Ju- 
dese, i. q. Lydda. III. Lydise, i. q. Dios- 
hieron. IV. sumamed Magna, Egypti, i.q. 
Thebse. V. Parva, a town of Thebais, on 
the Nile. Hou, 

DiP^A, a town of Arcadia, on Helisson fl., 
above Lycsea. 

DiP^NA, a town of Arcadia, towards Me- 
thydrium. 

Dipo, a town of the Turtuh', Bseturia, bet. 
Augusta Emerita n.w. and Corduba s.e. 

DxPOLis, a surname of Lemnos ins., in re- 
ference to its two towns. 

DiRCE fons, I. a stream of Achaia, near 
Pharse. II. of Boeotia, at Thebes. 

Dire (<* neck''), I. sin., the strait bet. Ara- 
bicus sin. and Erythrseum mare. Bab el 
Mandeb. II. prom., a pr. of Ethiopia, 
at the w. entrance of the Red Sea, oppo- 
site Palindromus prom., in Arabia. Ras 
Bel. 

DiRiDOTis. Vide Teredon. 

DiRPHOSSUS (Dirphys, Dirphe), a hill of 
Euboea, n.e. of Chalds. Delphi, 

Discus, two shoals of Bithynia, on Bosporus 
Thradus, n. of Chrysopolis. 

Dissio (Aqua Amara), baths of Africa 
Prop., on Syrtis Maj., s., bet. Aspis and 
Chosol. 

DiTTHi (Dittani), an early people of Tarra- 
conensis, bet. Sucro fl. and Turia fl. 

Diuii, I. a prom, on the n. coast of Crete, 
N.s. of Cytseum. C. Sassoso. II. a town 
of Acte Macedonise, on Strymonicus sin., 
N.w. of Olophyxus. III. a town of 
Crete, at the cognominal prom. IV. 
(DiospoUs), a city of Decapolis. V. of 
EUopia, Euboese, e. of Histisea. VI. of 
Magnesia, Thessaly, near Ormenium. VII. 
of Pieria, Macedonia, at the mouth of Ba- 
phyrus fl., on Thermaicus sin., at the foot 
of Olympus m., bet. Heraclea (12) and 
Pydna (20). A colonia. Here were the 
brass statues of Lysippus. Siandia. 

DiUR fl., a r. of Mauritania Ting., falling 
into Phthuth fl., R., near its mouth. 

Djvodurum {postea Mediomatrices, Mettis), 
capital of the Mediomatrices, Belgica I., 
on the Mosella, L.) above Carenusca. 
Metz, 

DivoNA {postea Cadurci), capital of the Ca- 
durd, Aquitania I., on GStis fl., bet. Dio- 
lindum n.w. and Varadetum £. Cahors. 

DizoATRA (Zizoatra), a town of Lavinia- 
■ene, Cappadocia. 

DoANA, capital of the Doani, Ind., on Doa- 
nas fl. 

DoANAS fl., a r. of India e. Grangem, rising 
in Emodi m., and falling into Sarabicus 
fliiL at Berobe. Dongon, 



DoANi, a people of India e. Grangem, on 
Doanus fl., about its mouth. 

DoBERUS, a town of Pseonia, on the w. 
shore of Prasias palus, under. Dysorus m. 
Doiran. 

DoBRATH (Itabyrium), a town of Galilsea^ 
undef Thabor m. n.w, 

DoBUNi, (Celtic^, Doff-uni, "on the bank 
of the river "), a people of Flavia Csesarien- 
*8is, bet. the Silures w., the Catavellauni 
and Trinobantes e., Avona fl. n., and the 
Belgse s* Gloucestershire ^ and parts of 
Warwickshire and Oxfordshire, 

DocAS, Phrygia, i. q. Dinise. 

DocEA, i. q. Cimiata. 

DocELA. Vide Dioclia. 

DociDAVA, a town of the Anarti, Dae., w. 
of Parolissum. 

DociMiA, a town of Phrygia M., n.e. of 
Synnada, where were the quarries which 
produced the fine Synnadic or Dodmitic 
marble. Doghanla. 

Dodecaschcenus (Ethiopia M^fpti), a 
district of Africa, on the Nile, bet. Thebaia 
at Syene and Hiera- Sycamines. Here, 
according to Herodotus, the course of the 
Nile was tortuous as that of the Mseander. 

Dodon fl., a r. of Epirus, rising near Do- 
dona, and falling into CEas fl. below 
Fauces Aoi. Vistrizza, 

DocoNA (Bodona), I. a port of Perrheebia, 
Thessaly, on Titaresius fl., L. Supposed 
by some writers to have been the original 
seat of the celebrated oracle. II. of-Thes- 
protia, and afterwards of Molossis, Epirus, 
at the source of Thyamis fl., under Toma- 
rus m., N. The seat of the famous orade, 
the most andent in Greece. Founded by 
the Pelasgi. Mokari, near Delvinaki* 

DoEANTius campus, a district of Pontus, 
i. q. Themiscyra. Named from the chief 
Docas. 

DoK, a town of Ephraim, Samaria, n.w. of 
Jericho. 

DoLA, a maritime town of the Cautii, Brit., 
bet. Rutupse and Dubns. 

DolYche ins., I. Arabiae, i. q. Zenobii ins. 

II. one of the Echinades, i. q. Dulichium. 

III. a name of Creta ins. IV. a town of 
Pelasgiotis-Tripolltis, s.w. of Pythiunu 
Duklista. 

DoLiCHisTE ins., anisl. of Lyda, off Aperlae. 
Kakava. 

Doliones, a primitive people of Mysia, bet. 
.^epus fl. and Dascylitis. 

DoLOMENE, a district of Aturia, Assyrise. 

DoLONci, a people of Thrace, occupying the 
Chersonesus. Named after Doloncus, bro- 
ther of Bithynus. 

DoLOPiA, a district of Thessaly, boNni^^^. 



DOL 



138 



DRA 



by Estieeotis and Phthiofeis, 8. by u^niania 
and Maliensis, w. by Aperantia (into 
which at one time it extended), e. by 
Phthiotis. Thamako ; Grituiano; Agra- 
pha. 

DoLucA (Doliche), a town of Cyrrhestica, 
w. of Zeugma. 

DoLUCENs, a town of the Morini, Belgica II., 
bet. Gressoriacum and Pontes. 

DoifiG ins., an isl. of Gedrosia, towards 
Saranga. Tschilnay, 

DoMANA, a town of Armenia Minor, bet. 
Solonenica (18) and Satala (18). The 
station of the Equites Sagittarii Domanse. 

DoMANiTis, a district of Paphlagonia, n.e. 
of Blaene reg. 

DoMiTioPOLis, a town of Cilicia Trachea, on 
Aiymagdus fl. 

DoNATiANA, a town of the Hercuniatse, 
Pannonia, near the Danube, bet. Ad 
Novas and Ad Labores. 

DoNANTiLiA, a town of Chaldsea, bet. Cy- 
bate and Dablan. 

DoNusA. Vide Gonusa. 

DoNTSA ins., an isl. of the jSopan, one of 
the Sporades, bet. Naxos ana los. Un- 
der the Romans a place of banishment. 
Famous for its green marble. Raclia, 

Dora (Dorus, Dor), a maritime town of 
Phoenicia, bet. Calama n. and Csesarea 
Palestina s. (9). Toriura. 

Dora fons, a town of the DarrsCj Arabia 
Felix, N.w. of Abissa. Dahra, 

Doras, a town of Sicyonia. 

Dorset A, a town of Sophene, Armenise, 
N. of Amida. 

Doreni, Arabiee, i. q. Zoreni. 

Dores, a tribe of Pelasgi, who, driven from 
Estieeotis, Thessaly, by the Maoedni, emi> 
grated under Dorus, son of Hellen, to the 
country called after them Doris, expelling 
thence or subjugating the Dryopes, its 
original population. Circa 1104 B.C., in 
league with their guests the HeracUdae, 
they invaded Peloponnesus, where they 
established Lacedeemon and other states. 

DoRiCA Tbtrapolis, i. q. Doris Asiat. 

Doric AN A, a town of Dada, near Ulpia- 

num. 
DoRiDis sin., a bay of Carium mare, bet. 
Triopium prom, and Cynossema prom. 
G, di Syme. 
Doriones, a town of the Moesi, Moes. Inf., 
on Utus fl., R., bet. Storgosia and Melta. 
Doris (;>Wm# Dryopis, iEpalius), I. a coun- 
try of Graecia e. Peloponnesum, bounded 
N. by Thessaly, s. by Locri Ozolee, w. by 
^tolia, E. by Phocis. Lidoriki, II. (Ca- 
rius, Triopium), a peninsula of Caria, bet. 
Ceramicus sin., and Doridis sin. 



DoRiBcus, I. a plain of the Ciconee in 
Thrace, along Hebrus fl., where Xerxes 
reviewed his army. II. a forta*ese of 
Thrace, on Hebrus fl., below Dyme, over- 
looking the cognominal plain. Built by 
Darius. 

DoRisTA, a town of Babylonia, bet. Seleuda 
and Abara. 

DoRiUM, postea Oluris, a town of Mes- 
senia, bet. Electra and the sea. The place 
where the Muses deprived Thamyiis of 
his sight. 

DoRius fl., a r. of India e. Gangem, rising 
in Damasi m., and ialling into Indicnm 
mare, by several mouths, at the w. en- 
trance of Sarabicus sin. Pegu. 

DoROSTORUM, a town of the Gretee, Moesiay 
on the Danube, bet. Sagadava and Tegu- 
licium. The station of the Eleventh Le- 
gion. Silistria ; Sisiria. 

DoRTicuM, a town of the Moesi, Moesia 
Sup., on Timacus fl., bet. Ad Aquas and 
Bononia. 

DoRUM Urbs, a town of the Ordovices, 
Brit., towards the source of Sabrina fl., e. 
of Maglona. 

DoRVATius fl., Brit., i. q. Durius. 

DoRTLEUM, a town of Phrygia Epict., on 
Thymbris fl., R., towards its junction vnth 
Sangarius fl., s.e. of Cydissus. It had 
warm baths. Eski Sher. 

DosARENi, i. q. Zoreni. 

DosARON fl., a r. of the Callingse, India, 
falling into the sea w. of Callinga. 

Dosci, Sarmatise Asiat., i. q. Psessii. 

Doth AM, a town of Samaria, 12 m. N. from 
Samaria. The place where Joseph was 
sold by his brethren. 

DoTiuM, a town of Pelasgiotis, Thessily, 
in Dotius campus, at the n.e. extremi^ of 
Bsebeis palus. Djechani, 

DoTius campus, a district of Pelasgiotis, 
Thessaly, bet. Ossa m. and the n.r. shore 
of Beebeis palus. The primitive seat cf the 
iEnianes. 

DouLONPOLis, a name of Acanthus, in Cni- 

dus. 
Drabescus, a town of the Edones, Thnee, 

12 m. N.w. of Philippi. Drama. 
Draco, I. a r. of Bithynia, falling into Plro- 
pontis w. of Astacenus sin., after a pecu- 
liarly meandering course. Jhl. II. of 
Campaniee, i. q. Samus. III. a m. of 
Lydia, bet. Temnus m. and Tmolns m. 
Kizzel-djeh ; Mousseh Dagh. 
Dracontis ins., an isl. of Africa, off Hippo, 

N.w. 
Draconum, I. a m. of Icarus Ins., wlian» 
according to the local tradition, Bacdins 
was born. II. prom., the b. eztremitf of 



DBA 



139 



DRY 



Icarus inSj^, over against Cantharium prom. 
(10). C. Phanari. III. a town of Icarus 
ins., near the oognom. prom. The resi- 
dence, for a time, of Euripides. 

D&AOUiNA, a town of Gerroania Mag., on 
the Danube, above the junction of Ilar- 
gus fl. 

Dranc js, Ozydrancse, a people of Sogdiana, 
contiguous to the Drybattae. 

DRANGiE, the principal port of Drangtana, 
w. of Aria lacus. 

Prangiana (Zarangia), a country of Asia, 
bounded if. by Aria, 8. by Gedrosia, at 
JHymandrus fl., w. by Parthia and Car- 
mania, E. by Arachosia, at Etymandrus fl. 
Zaraka. 

Drapsaca (Darapsa), a town of Bactriana, 
towards Maracodra. Built by Alexander. 

DRATiB (Dagrse), a town of Tyanitis, Cap- 
padoda. 

Draudacum, a fortress of the Fenestse, 
lUyriae, bet. Uscana and iEneum. 

Dravus fl. (Drabus, Draus), a r. of Pan- 
nonia, rising e. of Vipitenum, and falling 
into the Danube at Teutobut^um. Draave. 

Drecanum prom., a pr. of Cos, on the n. 
coast, 224 m. w. from Cos oppid. 

Drbpane (postea Helenopolis, a town of 
Bitiiynia, on Propontis, e. of Proenetus. 
Renamed by Constantine, in honour of 
his mother Helena. Ersek. 

Drepanum (" scythe-like"), I. the early 
name of Corcyra ins. II. prom., a pr. of 
Achaia, over against Rhium prom., de- 
riving its name from the fable of Saturn's 

. scythe. Drepano, III. of Crete, n., at 
lb« w. extremity of AmphimalUus sin. 
Drepano, IV. of Cyrenaica, w., below 
Berenice. V. of Thebais, on the Red 
Sea, at the entrance io Heroopolites 
sin. VI. of Cyprus, on the w. coast, be- 
yond Paphos. C. TVapano. VII. a mari- 
time town of Sicily, w., bet. Eryx and 
-.^^gitiiallus. Trapani. 

JDrefsa, capital of the Drepsiani Bactrianae, 
bet. the Oxus and the Jaxartes. Wasch' 
gerd. 

0KBP8IATCI, a people of Bactria, s.w. of 
Vandabanda. 

Dbbsia, a town of Phrygia Magna, on 
Obrimus fl., towards Peltse. 

Drtlje, a people of Pontus, in the m. above 

• IVapezufl, who ultimately became fused 
'with the Sanni and adopted their name. 

DRiLLOPHiLLiTiB, a people of India i. 
Gangemy under Uxentus m. s., on the 
right bank of Mana fl. 

Bbilon fl., a r. of Illyria, formed by the 
junction of two rivers, the Drilon Albus, 
rinng in Bertisohas m., and the Drilon 



Niger, rising in Callicseni m., near Bantia; 

these, meeting at Gabuleus, fall together 

into the Adriatic below Lissus. Drino, 
Drimati, a people of Arabia Felix, about 

Corodamum prom. About Bunder Lju- 

raim. 
Drinus fl., a r. of Europe, rising in Bebii 

m. s.E. of Bersumnum, and, after separat- 
ing Illyria from Mcesia, falling into Savus 

fl. Drina. 
Drios m., a m. of Naxos ins. The birth- 
place of Bacchus. 
Drippa, a town of the Apsynthii, Thrace, 

on the Egnatia Via, bet. Cypsela (12) and 

Siracella (14). 
Dripsinum, a town of the Euganei, in the 

hills above Vicetia. Tressino, 
Drium m., a summit of Garganus m., 12 m. 

N. of Matinum, on which were chapels of 

Calchas and Podalirius. 
Drizium, a fortress of Cappadocia, towards 

Commagene. 
Droi, a people of Thrace, on Strymon fl. 
Drosaca (Rosacha), a town of Serica. 
Drubetis (Druphegis), a town of the Sal- 

denses, Dacia, n.e. of Pons Trajani. Crfl- 

jova. 
Druentia fl., a r. of Graul, rising in Ve- 

salus m. and falling into the Rhone at 

Avenio. Durance, 
Druna fl., a r. of Gaul, falling into the 

Rhone, L., at Batiana. Drome. 
Drusi Trop^ga, a town of Germania, on 

Visurgis fl., e. of Pheugarum. The death- 
place of Drusus. 
Drusillana, a town of Zeugitana, bet. 

Signese and Thacia. 
Drusomagus, a town of the Catenates, 

Vindelicia, on Licus fl., near its confluence 

with the Danube. Memmingen, 
Druzipara, a town of the Odrysae, Thrace, 

bet. Bergula and TuruUus. Karishian, 
DRYBACT^,a people of Sogdiana, contiguous 

to the Candari. 
Drybices, a people of Media Choromitrene, 

on the Caspian, bet. Amardus fl. and the 

Anariacse. 
Drym^a, prius Naubolus, a town of Phocis, 

2 J m. from Tithronium. Destroyed by 

Xerxes. Ogvlnitza, 
Drymus, I. a village of Attica, near Panac- 

tum. II. a place in EUopia, Eubcea, on 

Callas fl., near Histiiea. 
Drymus A ins., an isl. of Ionia, in Hermius 

sin., over against Chytrium. Isola Inglese. 
Dryopes, a tribe of Thracians, the early 

settlers of the n. portion of Phocis, under 

(Eta m., colonies of whom migrated to 

Epirus, about Ambracia, to Euboea, Asia 

Minor, and to PeIo\)0\)Jie!SQa. THsfiSR^^^wst^ 



DRY 



140 



DUR 



Dryopes also on the s. shores of the 

Euzine. 
Drtopis Reoio, the district around Ambra- 

cia, settled by Dryopes irom CEta m. 
Dbyoscephal^ (Triscephalse), a defile of 

Boeotia, in Cithseron m., on the confines of 

Attica, s.K. of Plateea. 
Drts, a maritime town of the Cicones, 

Thrace, e. of Serrhium prom. Built by 

Iphicrates the Athenian. 
Drtusa, a name of Samos. 
DuATUs sinus, a gulf of the Red Sea, in 

Arabia Felix, s. of Orsa m, Bahr al 

Madeha. 
DuBii, a town of Umbria, bet. Nuceria (8) 

and Prolaqueum (8), on Via Flaminia. 
DuBios, a district of Otene, Armenia, e. of 

Artaxata. Tuin, 
DuBis fl., a r. of Maxima Sequanorum, fall- 
ing into the Arar above CabiUonum. 

Dour, 
DuBiLis (Dubri8),/?o«/eaDerfrio, Doris, Do- 

voria, a maritime town of the Cantii e., 

bet. Dola and Lemanus portus. Dover, 
DuDUM, Ganara, a town of Libya. 
DuELTUS lacus, a lake of the Odirysse, Thrace. 
DuLGiBiNi (Dulgumnii), a tribe of Cherusci, 

Ger mania, on the confines of the Angri- 

varii, E. of Visurgis fl. 
DuLicHiUM (Doliche) ins., chief of the Echi- 

nades Ins., about 2 m. from Cephallenia, 

submerged by an earthquake. 
Duma (Dumstha, Dumath), I. a town of 

Juda, Judaea, bet. Hebron n.e. and Debir, 

s.w. II. of the Saraceni, Arabia Petreea, 

N.E. of Bacas Chamiri. The abode of 

Dumah, sixth son of Ishmael. Daumat al 

Ghendal, 
DuMNA Ins., one of the Orcades ins., Brit. 

Hay, 
DuMNissus, a town of the Treveri, Ger- 

mania I., bet. Belginum w. and Bingium 

DuMNONii, Brit., i. q. Damnonii. 

DuMNUM, a town of the Vangiones, Ger- 
mania I., 8, of Bingium, Near Strom- 
berg, 

DuNGA, a town of Ariaca, Indis, bet. Goaris 
fl. (7) and Benda fl. Pemalla. 

DuNiuM, Brit., i. q. Maridunium. 

DuNUM, Celtic^, high, I. a town of the 
Moesi, Moesia Inferior, on the Danube, 
bet. Securisca and Ad Novas. II. of the 
Usdiae, Hibernia, 8 m. w. from Eblana. III. 
sinus, an estuary of Britain e., bet. Vedra 
fl. and Gabrantvicorum portus. Robin 
Hood* 8 Bay, 

Duodea, a town of Chalddice, Macedonia, 
bet. Thessalonica (13) and Heraclea (14), 
on the Egnatia Via. 



DuR, an testoary of Hibemia w. Galway 

Bay, 
Dura, a plain of Babylonia, the locality of 
the idolatry of the golden image of NsJbu- 
chodonasar. II. (Durma), a town .of 
Apolloniatis, Assyria, on the Tigris, bet. 
Peloriarca and Carcha. Dor, III. (£u- 
ropus, Thelda), of Tingene, Mesopotamia, 
on the Euphrates, bet. Asicha and Mer- 
rhan. Built by the Macedonians. 
DuRANius fl., I. a r. of Aquitania, falling 
into the Garumna, R., near its mouth. 
Dordogne, II. a r. of the Jazyges Meta- 
nastse, falling into the Danube. Tyma, 
DuRETiA, a town of the Veneti, Lugdu- 

nensis III., n.w. of Condivicnum. 
DuRiA Major fl., I. a r. of the Salassi^ 
Gallia Transpadana, rising in Alpes Graie, 
w. of Arebrigium, and falling into Padus fl. 
at or near Industria. Doria Baltia, II. 
Minor, of Gallia Transpadana, rising in 
Matrona m. and falling into Padus fl. 
below Augusta Taurinorum. Doria JRt- 
paria. 
DuRius (Dorvatius), I. ar. of Britain, falling 
into the Atlantic below Ad Durium. Dart, 
II. of Spain, rising in Caunus m.s.E. of Nu- 
mantia, and, after separating Tarraconen* 
sis from Lusitania, falling into the Atlantic 
at Cale, bet. Avus fl. n. and Langobriga s. 
Its sands were reputed to contain gold. 
Duero (Sp.) ; Douro (Portug.). 
Durnacus, i. q. Tumacum. 
DuRNiUM, a town of the Cavii, Illyria, e. 

of Lissus. 
Durnomagus, I. a town of the Coritani, 
Brit., N.E. of Lindum. II. of the Ubii, 
Germania I., on the Rhine, above Nove- 
sium, 
DuRNovARiA, a town of the Durotriges, 

Brit., E. of Maridunium. Dorchester, 
DuROBRiViE (Durobrabis, Durobrisin, Rofas* 
ceaster), I. a town of the Cantii, Brit., 
bet. Vagniacse (9) and Durovemum (25). 
Rochester. II. of the Catavellauni, Brit.^ 
bet. Causenna (30) and Durolipons (35). 
DuROC ASSES, a town of the Camutes, Lug- 
dunensis IV., bet. Condate Eburovio. an4 
Diodurum. Dreux, 
DuROCATALAUNi, Capital of the Catalaoni, 
Belgica II., on the Matrona, R., bet. Ba- 
siha N. and Ardaca s. 
DuRocoBRiViE, a town of the Catavellauni, 
Brit., bet. Magiovintum (17) and Verolar- 
nium (12). Near Dunstable s. 
DuROCORNOviuM (Corinium Dobunorom, 
Corin Ceaster), a town of the Dobuni, 
Brit., on Corinus fl., towards its sources 
Cirencester. 
DuRocoRTORUM, postco Reml, capital of ihe 



DUR 



141 



EBR 



Remi, bet. Ad Fines w. and Noviomagus 

E. Reims, 
DuROtEVUMy a town of the Cantii, Brit., 

bet. Durobrivse and Duroyemum (19). 

Faversham. 
DuROLiPONS, a town of the Iceni, n.w. of 

Caml^oricum. Godmanchester. 
DuROLiTUM, a town of the Trinobantes, 

Brit.y bet. Ceesaromagus (16) and Lon- 

dinium (15). Hamftyrd, 
DuRONiA, I. a r. of Samnium, falling into 

Trinius fl. below Duronia. Durone. II. 

a town of the Pentri, Samnium, on Du- 
ronia fl., N.E. of ^semia. Civiia Vec- 

chia. 
DuRONins fl., a r. of Aquitania II., falling 

into the Grarumna, R., towards its mouth. 
Duron UM, a town of the Nervii, Belgica II., 

bet. Quarteus lacus x. and Verbinum s. 
DuROTiNCUM, a town of the Medulli, Vien- 

nensis, bet. Mellosecium w. and Stabatio 

DuROTRiGES (Celticet Dur-treig, "sea- 
tribe ")» * people occupying the s. coast 
of Britannia I., bet. the Damnonii w., the 
Regni e., and the Belgse n. Dorsetshire, 

DuRovERNUM (Durobcmia, Duroaverus, 
Darvernum), a town of the Cantii, Brit., 
bet. Durobrivse (25) and Durolevum. 
Canterbury. 

DuRTiA, a town of the Tencteri, Grermania, 
on the Rhine, over against Agrippina Co- 
lonia. 

DuRUS fl., I. Assyriee, i. q. Gordus. II. ar. 
of Hibemia w., separating the Gangani 
from the Velibori. 

Dns^ AD Olympum, a town of Bithynia, 
under Olympus m., bet. Demetrium and 
Bithynium (30). 

DusARE m., m. of Arabia Felix. Sacred to 
Dusares (^Dionysius). 

Dyardanes fl., Indiae, i. q. (Edanes. 

Dyas fl., a r. of Mauritania Tingit., falling 
into the Atlantic bet. Casa fl. and Ad Mer- 
curias. 

Dyme, prius Palla and Stratos, I. one of the 
twelve cities of Achaia, on Corinthiacus 
sin., 45 m. n.w. of Olenus. Settled by 
Caucones. A colonia. The burial-place 
of Sostratos, the friend of Hercules. II. a 
town of Thrace, on Hebrus fl., bet. Tra- 
janopolis (13) and Cypsela (12), on the 
Egnatia Via. 

DYPiEA, a town of Arcadia, on Helisson fl. 

Dyras fl., a stream of Maliensis, Thessaly, 
falling into Maliacus sin. 2] m. s. of 
Sperchius fl. Feigned to have first sprung 
from the ground to save Hercules from the 
burning pyre. 

Dybin m., i. q. Atlas Major« 



Dyrrhachium, the peninsula on which 
Epidamnus Illyr. was built, and which 
gave its later name to that city. 

Dyrzila, Pisidia, i. q. Darsa. 

Dysorus (Hypsizorus) m., m. of Pseonia, n. 
of Prasias palus. 

Dyspontium, a town of Pisatis, Elis, n.w. 
of Olympia. The inhabitants were trans- 
ferred to Epidamnus and ApoUonia. 

Dystus, a town of Euboea, on the w. coast, 
s. of Eretria. Disto, 



E. 



Easis, a town of Gedrosia, n.e. of Ora. 

Eba, a town of Etruria, n. of Albinia fl. 
Monte Po, 

Ebal m., a m. of Ephraim, n. of Sichem, 
over against Gerizim m. Famous for the 
Ratification of the Covenant. 

Ebellinum, a town of the Vascones, Tarra- 
conensis, bet. Calagurris Nasica s.w. and 
Calagurris Fibularensis e.s.e. 

Eblaia, a town of Albania Asiatica. 

Eblana (Bal-a-cleigh, ** town built on hur- 
dles," Asbcled, Deblana, Dub-hnn, " Black 
Pool ''), capital of the Eblani, Hibernia, at 
the mouth of Libanius fl. Dublin, 

Eblani (Blanii), a people of Hibemia e., 
bet. the Usluntii n. and the Chauci s. 
Meath and Dublin, 

Eblil^ei m., m. of Arabia Felix, terminating 
in Asaborum prom. Aval, 

Ebode, a town of Arabia Petrsea, s.E.of Fons 
Emischabales. 

Ebodurum, a town of Vindelida. 

Ebora, I. a port of the Artabri, Callsecia, in 
the Atlantic, s. of Novium. A municipium. 
Evora. II. a town of the Celtici, Lusi- 
tania, bet. Olisipo w.n.w. and Augusta 
Emerita e.n.e. A colonia (Liberalitas 
Julia). Evora. III. of the Edetani, Tar- 
raconensis, w.s.w. of Biscargis. IV. sur- 
named Cerealis, of the Turtuli, Bsetica, 
bet. Mentesa n.e. and iEgabrum s.w. 

Eboracum, capital of the Brigantes, Brit., 
on Abus fl., li., bet. Isumum and Derven- 
tio. A municipium and colonia. The 
death-place of Septimius Severus and Con- 
stantius Chlorus. The station of the Legio 
Sexta Victrix. York, 

Ebriapa, a town of Sarmatia Asiatica, on 
Gerrus fl., towards its source. 

Ebro portus, a port of Venetia, bet. Fossa 
Claudia (18) and Meduacus Minor (6). 
Chiozza. 
Ebromagus, a town of the Volcee TQctQ€ai^^^ 



EBU 



142 



BDI 



Narbonensis I.| bet. Sestomagus w. and 
Ad Cedros b. 
Ebud^ (Hebrides, Mevamee) Ins., ieL of 

Britannia Barbara, n.w. Hebrides. 
Ebudum prom., a pr. of Biitaonia Barbara, 

N.w. Cape Wrath. 
Eburi, a town of the Picentini, Campania, 

above Picentia. Eboli, 
Eburiates, I. a people of liguria, contignous 
to the Statielli. II. their capital. Burio, 
geog, m. s. from Asti, 
Eburobrica, a town of the Senones, Lugdu- 
nensis IV., bet. Agenticum n.w. and Ban- 
dritum s.e. 
Eburobritium, a maritime town of the Lu- 

sitani, s. of CoUippo fi. 
Eburodunum (Epeprodunum), I. a town of 
the Catmriges, Alpes Maritime, on Druen- 
tia fl., N.E. of Caturigse. Embrun. II. 
of Maxima Sequanorum. Yverdun. III. 
of the Quadi, Germania, n. of Medosla- 
nium. Neear Drosing. 
Eburovices, vide Aulerd. 
Eburones, a people of Germania II., on 
both banks of the Mosa, s. of the Tozi- 
audri. About Haaselt. 
Eburum, a town of the Gothini, Grermania, 
on Viadrus fl., L., above Budorgia. 01- 
mutz ? 
Ebusmi Regina, a town of Bactriana, n. of 
the junction of the Ochus with the Dar- 
gomanes. 
Ebusus (Ebyssos), I. the larger of the Piti- 
yusee ins., Tarraconensis, n. of Ophiusa. 
Noted for its pastures, its figs, and its 
exemption froni all vermin except rabbits. 
Ibiza: Ymca. II. (Ebusa), its capital, 
S.E. A Carthaginian settlement. Ibiza. 
Ebutiana, a town of the Pentri, Samnium, 
on Via Numicia, bet. Clutumum and AU 
lifse (9). Ailano. 
Ecbatana, I. a city of Adiabene, Assyria, 
N. of Nineveh. The summer residence of 
the kings of Parthia. II. (Apobatana, 
Achraetha, Haghamata), capital of Media, 
under Orontes m. n., bet. Concabar and 
Maziniaman, s.e. of Arbela. The summer 
residence of the kings of Persia. Built by 
king Arphaxad. Hamadan. III. (Bathu- 
ra), of Phoenicia, under Carmel m. n.e. 
The death-place of Cambyses. Caiffa. 
Eccius fl., a r. of Cyrenaica, &Iling into 

the Mediterranean at Berenice. 
EccoBRiGA, a town of the Trocmi, Galatia, 

bet. Sarmatia (20) and Adapera (24). 
EcDiPPA, Palestine, i. q. Achzib. 
EcEC HIRES, a tribe of Bechires, Pontus, 

towards Achabis fl. 
Ecetra (Echetra), a town of the Volsci, 
near Velitrse. 



Echbdamia, a town of Flioois. Destroyed 

in the Sacred War. 
EcHEDORus (Chidorus) fl., a r. of Mygdinia, 

Macedonia, rising in the monntauis of 

Grestonia and falling into Tlmmaicus sin. 

at Sindus. Gallico. 
Echeia-Nausicleia prom., a ^oft^lnnd' of 

Bithynia, on Bosporus Thraciiis. 
EcHELiDJB, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Erectheis, on Saronicus sin. 
Echbtla, a town of Sicily, midway bet 

Leontini and Camarina. Vizini. 
Echeutheis, a village of Arcadia, near 



EchinXdes Ins., formerly islands or rods of 
various extent, on the s.w. coast of Acar- 
nania, at the mouth of Achelous fl., snhM- 
quently annexed to the continent by tile 
alluvial deposits of that riv^. 

Echinus, I. a town of Acamania, bet 
Myrtuntium and Thyrenm. Agios Pe- 
tros. II. of Cyrenaica, bet. Agdaa and 
Arimanthos. III. of the Malienses Ba- 
ralii, Thessaly, 2^ m. from Larissa Cre- 
maste. Founded by Echion, one of tiie 
progeny of the dragon^s teeth. Echinou. 

EcHYMNiA, a town of Acme, Macedonia, 
near Acanthus. 

EcLANUM (^culanum), a town of the Hir- 
pini, Samnium, near Calor fl., R., on Ym 
Appia, bet. Beneventum (15) and Svb 
Romula (21). Grotte di Mirabella. 

EcNOMOs m., a m. of Sicily, on the s. oout, 
near the mouth of Himera Maj. fl. M.di 
Licata. 

EcoNiA, Thessaly, i. q. JBgonia. 

EcREGMA palus, the mouth of Sirbonispafais, 
midway bet. Girrha and Ostracine. 

Ecretice, a district of Coldiis, on the oon- 
fines of Sarmatia Asiatica. Egrissi, 

Ectenes, a tribe of Leleges, Boeotia, prior 
to the invasion of Cadmus. 

Edapteis, a demus of Attica. 

Eoenates, a tribe of AvantLd, Alpes Man- 
timae, s. of the Tebavii. Val d^Eynau. 

Eder (Adar), a village of Judsea, 1 m. from 
Bethlehem. 

Edessa (Callirrhoe), priusVTypostea Onhoa, 
capital of Osrhoene, Mesopotamia, on 
Scirtus fl., near its source, n.w. of Caribs. 
Or/a. 

Edessa, Emathise, i. q. iBgae. 

Edeta (Liria), capital of the Edetani,Tam- 
conensis, w. of Saguntum. Lyria. 

Edetani (Sedetani), a tribe of Celtibcfi, 
Tarraconensis, bet, the Iberus, about 
Caesar Augusta, and the Sucro, towards its 
mouth. Valencia e. and n., and Arragon 
s. 

Edissa, Sicilise, i. q. Odyssea. 



BDL 



143 



ELA 



Edu^nounium, a town of the Belgee, w. of 

Sorbiodunum. Wilton. 
Bdom (Idumea, Idame), a region extend- 
ing ftom the 8. extremity of the Dead Sea, 

li., to .^lanites sin. Named from Edom 

(Esau). SAeraiA, 
Edon m., a m. of Thrace, Bessica, with a 

temple of Bacchus, whence the priestesses 

of that god were named Edonidse. 
Edonbs, a people of Thrace, in its s.w. 

angle. Bounded n. by the Odomanti, s. 

by the Pieres, w. by Strymon fl., and b. 

by the Sapsei. At one period extending 

beyond the Strymon into Macedonia. The 

name is sometimes poetically appUed to 

the whole Thradan people. 
EooNia, " pleasant," a name of Thasos ins. 
Edbinus lacus, a lake of Gallia Tran^adana, 

bet. Larius lac. and Benacus lac. Logo 

d'Idro. 
£db:um, a town of the Triumpilini, Gallia 

Transpadana, at the s. extremity of Edri- 

nua lac. A munidpium. Idro, 
Edkus ins., an isL'of the Eblaui, Hibemia, 

lY. of Eblana. 
EouLius m., I. a summit of Parnassus. II. 

a ridge of the Pyrenees, about Jacca s. 
Edtjlium m., a m. of Boeotia. 
Ebtionbia, a fort commanding, with Aldmus 

prom., the entrance to the Pirsus at Athens. 

Named after Eetion. Trapezona. 
EcARAf a town of the Lseetani, Tarraconen- 

818, near Rubricatus fl., L., above Rubri- 

cata. 
EoDBVAMA, a toWn of Lycaonia, bet. Veles- 

tum (20) and Pegella (20). 
Egdini, a tribe of Albioed, Alpes Maritimie, 

under the Alpes, n.w. of the Vesubiani. 
. Vol St, Etienne. 
Kgelbsta, a town of the Celtiberi, near 

Sucro fl., L., N.B. of Libisosa. Noted for 

its mineral salts. Yhiesta, 
Egeria fons, a r. of Latium, falling into 

Nemorensis lac. 
Egbbue vallis, a valley of Latium, Rome, 

near the soiirce of Almo fl., in which was 

Fons Egerise. Both sacred to the nymph 

l^ria. The retreat of Numa. Cafa- 

rilla ? 
EoiTA, a town of the Moesi, Mcesia Supe- 
rior, near Pons Trajani. 
Egitania (Igedita), a town of the Lusitani, 

bet. Lancia Oppidana n.n.w. and Norba 

Csesarea. Idalha Vi^a? 
EoiTNAPOiiis (Oxybiorum portus), a port of 

the Oxybii, near Agatha. Napoule. 
Bglon, a town of Judah, on Eskol fl., R., 

10 m. 8.W. from Eleutheropolis. 
Egnati A, a port of Calabria, on Via Egnatia, 

bet Dertum and Ad Decern (10). Here 



was found a peculiar sort of fire-stone. 
Torre d*Agnaz20. 

Egosa, a town of the Castellani, Tairaco- 
nensis, in the Pyrenees, on Alba fl., near 
its source. 

EioNi£, I. the port of Amphipolis, Thrace, 
at the mouth of Strymon fl. A colony ot 
Mende. Notable for the gallant defence 
and heroic death of Boges, Xerxes' 
general. Contessa. II. a town of Ar- 
golis, on Saronicus sin., n.w. of Scyllaeum 
prom. Extinct in Strabo's time. Paleo- 
chorio, 

EiRESiDi£, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Acamantis. 

Ekron, vide Accaron. 

El^a, I. a stream of Boeotia, rising in Delos 
m. II. an islet of Bithynia, one of the 
Demonisi group. III. prom., a pr. of 
Cyprus, s. of Carpasiee ins. Chalebemau, 
IV. a port of Pergaminus, 1^ m. s. from 
Caicus fl. Founded drca 1160 b.c., by 
Athenians. Clisiakevi, V. a town of 
Cassiopeia, Epirus, at the mouth of Ache- 
ron fl. VI. the N. port of the Sabae, J£thio- 
pia. 

EiLbaticus (Cumseus) sinus, a bay of the 
.^ean, at Elaea, .^Eolis, bet. Harmatus 
prom, and Hydra prom. G. di TcAari' 
deli. 

El^um, a port of Bith3rnia, on the Euxine, 
at the mouth of Eleeus fl., 8 m. b. from 
Lilaeum. 

Ejubus (Elatas), I. a. r. of Bithynia, rising 
in Hypius m., and falling into the Euxine 
at Elseus. II. an islet of Caria, off Lo- 
ryma. BarbarUcolo, III. a demus of At- 
tica, of the tribe Hippothoontis. IV. a 
fortress of iStolia, near Calydon. V. a 
town of Chaonia, under Tomarus m., n., 
bet.Hadrianopolis (24) and Pandosia. Selio, 
VI. a town of Chersonesus Thrada, on 
the Hellespont, n. of Mastusium prom. 
A Tean coL With a temple and shrine 
of Protesilaus, for defiling which the satrap 
Artayctes was put to death. 

Eljsussa ins., I. an isl. of ^olis Asiat., 
opposite Cane prom. II. of CUicia Tra- 
chea, off Sebaste. Now a peninsula. The 
favourite residence of Archelaus of Cappa- 
doda. 

Elah vallis, a valley of Judah, 1 1 m. s^w. 
from Jerusalem. Named from its Tere- 
binth trees, and noted as the place of en- 
campment of the Israelites when David 
slew Goliath. 

Elaius (Elaeus) m., a n.w. summit of Ly- 
caeus ra., in Arcadia, on the borders of 
Triphyha. 

Elam, the Scriptural designation of SusLaLoa.* 



ELA 



144 



ELE 



BLAMiTiE, a people of Arabia Felix, on the 

Red Sea, bet. the Alilsei and the Tomabei. 

Beni el Yam, 
Elancum, a maritime town of India e. 

Gangem, w., bet. Corcura and Cottiara. 
Elaphitis (Elaphusa) ins., I. an islet in 

the Adriatic, 12 m. from Melite. II. of 

Chios. 
Elaphonnesus (''stag island''), an isl. of 

Mysia, contiguous to Proconnesus ins. 
Elaphus torrens, a stream of Arcadia, fell- 
ing into Helisson fl. e. of Megalopolis. 
Elasora, capital of the Elasori, Arabia 

Felix, s.E. of Thabba. Elaser. 
Elasori (Elesori, Asshurim), a people of 

Arabia, in the mountains, n.e. of Sisippi 

portus. The descendants of Asshur, son 

of Dedan. Tribe of El Asyr. 
Elat^a, a city of Phocis, on the e. bank 

of Cephissus fl., 22 m. e. from Am- 

phicsea. Destroyed by Xerxes, but re- 
stored. Elephta, 
El at AS fl., Bithyniee, i. q. Elseus. 
Elath, the Scriptural name of .^lana, in 

Arabia. 
Elatia (Iletia, Iletium), a town of Perrhaebia, 

Thessaly, on Peneus fl., s.w. of Gonnus. 
Elatos m., a m. of Zacynthus, at its s.E. 

extremity, opposite Ichthys prom., in Elis. 

Monte Scopo. 
Elatria (Elatia), a town of Cassopeia, in 

Epirus, near the Charadrus fl., s.w. of 

Batia. Ruins near Luro. 
Elaver (Elaris, Elauris) fl., a r. of Graul, 

rising in Cevenna m., and falling into the 

Liger, near Noviodunum. Allier. 
Elbo ins., an isl. of JEgypU in the Nile. 
Elcebus, a town of the Tribocci, Germa- 

nia I., bet. Argentoratum n.e. and Argen- 

toravia s.w. 
Elcethium, a town of Sicily, towards the 

source of Selinus fl. 
Elcobaris, a town of the Turtetani, on 

Vacca fl., R., near its source. 
Eld A AH, Arabise, i. q Ludia. 
Eld an A, I. a town of the Indaprathse, Ind., 

N.E. of Selampura. II. of the Vettones, 

Lusitania, bet. Acontia w. and Salman- 

tica E. 
Elea prom., a pr. of Cyprus, n.e. of Sala- 

mis. C. Elea. 
Elealeh, a town of Reuben, in Amoritis, 

2 m. N.E. from Heshbon. El-aal. 
Eleates (Veleates) sin., a bay of Inferum 

m. at Velia. 
Electra, I. a r. of Crete, i. q. Lethaeus. 

II. of Messenia, falling into Balyra fl. 

III. a town of Messenia, on Electra fl., at 
its junction with Coeus fl.| w. of Andania. 
Alitouri, 



Electrides ins. ('* amber -producing''), 

I. the Greek name of the Glessarise ins., 
several isl. of the Frisii, German., b^ the 
mouths of Visurgis fl. and Flevus fl. 

II. islets at the mouth of the Padus, which 
by the deposits of soil have become la- 
gunes. 

Electris ins., chief of the Electrides ins. 

Elegia, a town of Gumathene, Armen.> on 
the Euphrates, bet. Claudias and Julio- 
polis. Elija. 

Elegium, a town of the Boii, in Noricum, 
13 m. E. from Lauriacum. Near Sireng- 
berg, 

Elegosene, a district of Sophene, Armen., 
about Mazaca. The Tigris rises in it. 

Eleia (Hileja), a town of Mesopotamia, w. 
of Singara. 

Eleon (" marshy"), a town of Boeotia, on 
Asopus fl., near Tanagra. 

Elephantaria, I. a town of the Corsii, 
Sardinia, bet. Turobolis Minor and Tibula. 
II. of Zeugitana, under Cima m., s., bet. 
Vaga and Cluacaria. 

Elephantine (Elephantis) ins., an isl. in 
the Nile, s. of Syene, and within it a cog- 
nominal town. Here the navigation of the 
Nile formerly terminated, on account of 
the lesser cataract a short distance above. 
Djesirat Assouan, 

Elephas, I. a r. of iBthiopia, falling into 
Erythrseum m. e. of Elephas prom. II. 
m. of ^Ethiopia, terminating in Aroraatum 
prom. BabaFelek. III. a prom, of ^Ethio- 
pia, on Erythrseum mare, e. of Aromatum 
prom. 

Elethya, ^gypti, i. q. Lucina. 

Eleusa, Cilicia, i. q. Sebaste. 

Eleusa ins., I. an isl. of Attica, in Saroni- 
cus sin., opposite Astypalaea prom. EUssa. 
II. Carise, i. q. Hyetusa. 

Eleusis, I. a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Hippothoontis, on Saronicus sin., bet. 
Athens (13) and Megara (13). Named 
after Eleusis, son of Mercury. The seat 
of the Eleusinian mysteries. Lesina, II. a 
town of Boeotia, near Copse. III. of Thera 
ins. 

ELEUTHERiS, I. a towu of Attica, bet. CBnoe 
and Dryoscephalse. In ruins in the time 
of Pausanias. Gypto-castro. II. of Boeo- 
tia, near Oropus. Founded by Cothus 
and iEclus. III. of Crete, near Oaxns. 

Eleutherna, a town of Crete, 6 m. 8. from 
Rithymna. Here amatory songs were fint 
composed by Amitou. Elejtema, 

Eleuthbro Cilices, various tribes of idA- 
rauding Cilicians occupying Amanus m. 
The object of Cicero's Cilidan campaign. 

Elkutheropolis (Bethogabris), a town of 



ELE 



146 



EMP 



Judah, in Judaea, bet. Jerasalem n.e. and 
Ldbna s.w. Beit-jibrm. 

Eleutherus fl.| I. a r. of Phoenicia, falling 
into the sea 3 m. n. from Tripolis. Nahr 
el Kibir. II. of Sicily, falling into the 
Tyrrhenian sea, bet. Soluntum and Panor- 
mus. Bajaria. 

Elgovje, i. q. SelgoTse. 

Eliberri, i. q. IlUberis. 

Elica, Tarraconensis, i. q. Illid. 

Elicoci, Narbonensis, i. q. Helvii. 

Elimberris ("new town"), i. q. Augusta 
Ausdorum. 

Elingus (Silpia), a town of the Oretani, 
Tarraconensis, x. of Castulo. 

Elis, I. a country of Peloponnesus, bounded 
K. by Achaia, s. by Messenia, w. by the 
Ionium mare, e. by Arcadia. Settled by 
the Caucones. Named from Eleus, a de- 
scendant of Endymion. II. its capital, on 
Peneus fl., bet. Cyllene (15) and Thalamae. 
It was long without waUs, as being sacred 
to Jupiter Oly mpius. Here were the Venus 
Urania, in iyory and gold, and the Minerva, 
of Phidias. The birth-place of Phaedo, 
and of Pyrrho. PalcBopoli, 

Elisson fl., a r. of Achaia, falling into 
Corinthiacus sin. s.e. of Aristonautse. 
Meli880. 

Elixus fl., a r. of Ceos ins., falling into the 
sea at Coressia. 

Ellandunum, a town of the Belgae, Brit., 
w. of Sorbiodunum. 

Elleporus fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 
the sea s. of Scylladum. Noted for the 
victory of Dionysius over the allied Magna- 
Gredans. Callipari. 

Ellomenus, a port of Leucas ins., on its e. 
coast, s. of Leucas opp. Porto Vlico, 

Ellopia, I. a name of Euboea ins. II. a 
N.E. district of Euboea, on Callas fl. 

Elmantica, apud Polyb., i. q. Salmantica. 

Slorus fl., I. Bruttii, i. q. Elleporus. 
II. Sidly, i. q. Helorus. 

Elui, Galliae, i. q. HelviL 

Elusa, I. a city of Idumsea, s. of Beerseba. 
JEl Khulasa, II. (Elusaberris), capital of 
the Elusates, Novem Populana, bet. Scit- 
lium andVanesia. Eauze. 

ELUSi^TES, a people of Novem Populana. 

Elusio, a town of the Volcse Tectosages, 
Narbonensis I., between Ad Vicesimum 
w. and Ad Fines e. 

El VIA, a town of central Paphlagonia. 

Elyma, capital of the Elymi, in Sicily, near 
the mou^ of Simois fl. 

EltmjSA (Elymaeum), I. the country of the 
Elymiotse, in Macedonia, bounded n. by 
Eordsea, s. by Thessaly, w. by Stympbalia, 
X. by Pieria. II. its capital, on Haliacmon 



fl., N.w. of Phylace. Founded by El3mia9y 
the Tyrrhenian. Near Greuno. 

Elym^i, the prindpal port of Susiana, on 
Persicus sin. 

Elymais, I. a district of Media, bet. Choro- 
mitrene and Atropatene. II. the w. por- 
tion of Susiana. 

Elymi, a tribe of Sicani in Sidly, about 
Elyma, Entella, Sejesta, and Eryx m. 
According to some historians they were a 
Trojan colony. 

Elymi A, a town of Arcadia, bet. Mantinea 
and Orchomenus. 

Elyrus, a town of Crete, n.w. of its port 
Suia. 

Elysii, I. a tribe of Diduni, Germ., about 
Hegitmatia. II. i. q. Hely sices, Narbo- 
nensis. 

Elysii campi, plains of Boeotia, the beauty 
of which suggested the name to the poets 
as that of the abode of the blessed after 
death. 

Emathia, a district of Macedonia, bounded 
N. by Pelagonia, s. by Bottiaea, w. by 
Deuriopaea, e. by Grestonia. The district 
flrst settled by the Temenidae of Argos. 

Emathia, Thradae, i. q. ^syme. 

Embolima, a town of India, at the conflu- 
ence, w., of Coas fl., with the Indus. 

Embolus prom., a pr. of Lycia, near the 
mouth of Limyrus fl. C Finika. 

Emesa, a town of ApamOne, Syriae, s.e. of 
Epiphania. Noted for its Temple of Ela- 
gabalus, one of whose priests became the 
Heliogabalus of Imperial Rome. The 
locality of the great battle between Aure- 
lian and Zenobia. Hems. 

Emim, a race of giants in the country 
afterwards called Ammonitis and Moab- 
itis. 

Emischabales pons, a town and water 
station of Arabia Petrsea, s.e. of Gaza. 
Om-el-Yemal. 

Emmaus (Hamath), I. baths of Galilaea, on 
Tiberias lac., near Tiberias. II. postea 
Nicopolis, of Judaea, s.e. of Arimathea. 
Amwas, III. a village near Jerusalem, 
tho locality of the interview with the two 
disdples. 

Emodi m., a n.e. extension of Parapomisus 
m., m. separating India e. Gangem from 
Scythia. Part of Himalaya, 

Emona, a town of the Latovid, Pannonia, 
on Savus fl., L., bet. Ad Savum and Nau- 
portus, s.w. of Celeia. Lay bach, 

Emporia, a maritime district of Byzacene, 
on Tritonis palus and the coast of Syrtis 
Minor. The name was also applied gene- 
rally to Byzacene, on account of its great 
productiveness. 



CMP 



U€ 



EPH 



EMPORiiE (Emporium), a dty of the Indi- 
getes, Tarraconensis, at the mouth of 
Clodianus fl. A Massilian settl^nent. A 
colonia of Julius Caesar. Ampurioi, 

Emporicus sin., a bay of the Atlantic, at 
Thymiaterium. 

Emporium Placenti-«, the port of Plaoen- 
tia, in Gallia Cispadana, on Padus fl., at or 
near Placentia. Ponte Nura ? 

Empulum, a fortress of the Latini, Latium, 
3 m. E. from Tibur. Ampiglione, 

ENCHELANiE, a town of the Pissantini, Illy- 
ria, at the s. extremity of Lychnitis palus. 

Ekchelei (Enchelees), a tribe of Dalmatse, 
Illyria, towards Buthua, among whom 
Cadmus and his wife Hermonia ended 
their days. 

EndidvE, a town of the Nauni, Rhtetia, on 
Atagis 11., L., bet. Pons Drusi (11) and 
•Tridentum (1(>). Eyna. 

Endor (" fountain of the house"), a town of 
Manasseh, in Galilsea, s. of Nazareth ; the 
abode of the witch consulted by Saul. 

Engannim (" fountain of the garden"), I. a 
town of Issadbar. Vide Ginea. II. a town 
of Judah. 

Engeddi (" fountain of the kid", Hazezon- 
Thamar), a town of Judaea, on the Dead 
Sea, e.s.e. of Hebron, 30 m. s.e. from 
Jerusalem. Ain-jiddy, 

Engyum, a town of Sicily, bet. Petra and 
Enna. A Cretan settlement. Gangi. 

Enhydrium, a town of Pelasgiotis, Thes- 
saly. 

Eningiacus, a district of Scandinavia, sup- 
posed by the ancients an island. Finland. 

Enipeum prom., Lucaniae, i. q. Posidium. 

Enipeus (Barnichius) fl., I. a r. of Elis, 
falling into Alpheus fl , towards Salmone. 
II. of Phthiotis, in Thessaly, rising inOthrys 
m. s.e. of Mclitaea, and falling into Api- 
danus fl , near Pharsalus. Goura. III. of 
Pieria, Macedoniae, rising in Olympus, and 
falling into the Thermaicus sin., n. of 
Heracleum. Malathria. IV. a town of 
Phthiotis, in Thessaly, on the cognominal 
river, towards Pharsalus. 

Enna, a town of Sicily, near the source of 
Himera Maj. fl., bet. Calloniana and As- 
sorus ; occupying the centre of Sicily. The 
locality of the rape of Proserpine. Castro 
San Giovanni. 

Enneacronnos fl., Athenar, i. q. Callirrhoe. 

Ennea Odoi, Thradffi, the Greek form of 
Novem Viae. 

Ennemase, a town of Rhaetia, 1 m. n. from 
Tridentum. Meano. 

Evira, a demus of Attica. 

Enope, Messen., i. q. Gerenea. 

Enrogel (" fountain of the foot"), a pool 



of Benjamin, near the pool of Siloam. 
Memorable as the depository of the holy 
lire during the Babylorash captivity. 

En tell A, I. a r. of Liguria, falling into Li- 
gusticuB sin. Lavagna. II. a town of 
Sicily, on H3rpea Major fl., R., s. of 
Macella. A Carthaginian settlement. En- 
tella. 

Enydra, a town of Phoenicia, near Mara- 
thos. 

EoDANDA Deserta, the country n. of 
Abissa, Arabise. 

EoRDi£A, the country of the Eordi, Mace- 
doniae, bounded n.w. by Lyncus, n.e. by 
Bottiica, 8. by Elymaea, w. by Orestis, e. 
by Pi«ia. 

EoRDAicus fl., a r. of Macedonia, rising in 
Candavii m., and, after traversing Qiestis 
and Elymaea, falling into the Haliacmon 
below Phylace. Bichliatas. 

EoRDETi, a people of Illyria, bounded N.bytiie 
Albani and Parthini, s. by the Atantaaes, 
w. by the Taulantii, e. by the DasBaretae. 

EoRDi, the original appellation of the Lele- 
ges in Macedonia. They were also called 
Centauri. 

Eous OcEANUS, the ocean washing the b. 
shores of India e. Gangem and of Serica. 

Epacria (Diacria), a district of Attica, on 
Pentelicus m. 

Epagerit^, a people of Sarmatia, in Cau- 
casus m. 

Epagris, a name of Andros ins. 

Epamanduodurum, a town of the Sequanf, 
Maxima Sequanorum, on Dubis fl., R., 
bet. Larga and Velatodurum. Mandeure. 

Epanterii, " dwellers on the heights," a 
people of Liguria, in the Alpes MaritMMe, 
above the Ingauni. About Monte-Acwto. 

Epara, a town of Characene, Babylonia, on 
the Euphrates, bet. Aphle and Cbarax. 

Epea (Elis Propria), the country of the 
Epei, in Elis, n. of Peneus fl., named from 
Epeus, son of Endymion. 

Epetium, a town of the Dalmatee, lUyria, 8. 
• of Naro fl. Stobraa. 

Ephah, a district of Arabia, on the Red Sea, 
N. of Charmothus Portus. The seat of 
the children of Ephah, eldest son of 
Midian. About Makar Efa. 

Ephera, a district of Arabia, on .^aoitioai 
sin., bet. ^lana and Modiana. The Best 
of the descendants of Epher, second son (A 
Midian. About Shor Afar. 

Epuesus (Smyrna, Samorna, Trachea, Or- 
tygia, Ptelea) , the metropolis of Ionia, under 
Prion m., on Caystrus fl., L., just above 
its mouth, bet. Colophon and Magnesia, 
founded by the Amazons. A Lelegian 
town, settled by Attic lonians, under An- 



EPH 



147 



EPO 



^brodusy B. of Oodras. Cdebnited for the 
temple of Diana, built by Chersiphroii ; 
burned by Herofltratus 356 B.C. ; rebuilt 
hj Dinocrates ; destroyed 260 a.o. Ephe- 
8U8 was the great oommerciid ^nporium of 
ikfia, and, by tiie agency of St. Paul, became 
its Christian metropolis. It was the birth- 
place of Heraclitus the Obscure, Hermo- 
dorus, Hipponax, Artemidorus, Alexander 
Lychnus, Apell^, and Parrhasius. The 
people were said to be magicians. Ayasluck. 
lALTiUM prom., the n. prom, of Car- 
psthus ins. 

K^RAiM, I. a tribe of Israel, bounded v. 
"bf Issachar, at Ebal m., and the half 
tribe of Manasseh at Kana fl., s. by Dan, 
(w. at Geser) and Benjamin, at Haza, w. 
by the Mediterranean, e. by the Jordan. II. 
m., m. of Judaea and Samaria, bet. Sechem 
n. and Jerusalem s. III. a town of Benja- 
min, 8 m. N. from Jerusalem. 

£pHBATA, the ancient name of Bethlehem, 
md of tiie surrounding district. 

JBPHYBB, I. an island of Argolis, in the Ar- 
golicus sin., over against Boll. Hypsili. 
II. the early name of Corinth. III. a 
town of Achaia, towards Corinthia. IV. 
of the Agrei, Acamania. V. a town of 
Arcadia. VI. (iEnoe, Bseonoa), a town of 
£phea, Elis, on Selleis fl., near its mouth, 
15 m. s.w. from Elis. Yll. postea Cichy- 
ras, capital of Thesprotia, in Epirus, near 
13m w. ertremity of Acherusia palus, 
where Theseus and Pirithous were impri- 
soned for their attempt to, carry off Pro- 

■ Berpina. Built by Phidippus, grand-son of 
Hercules. The district was noted for the 

■ growth of poisonous drugs. Near Cos- 
trizza. 

Epiacum, a town of tiie Brigantes, Brit., on 
Vedra fl., R., bet. Vindolana and Corsto- 
pitum. Lanchester. 

&»ICARIA, a town of the Cavil, in Illyria, 
bet. Lissus and Crevenia. 

BncAitos, a town of Palestine, on the Dead 
Sea, 8. of Callirrhoe. 

Bpiccphisia, a deqpus of Attica, of the tribe 
^neis. 

Spichds, a town of Syrtis Regie, Africse, 25 
B. from Meninx ins. 

BncRANE ions (Epicrene), a fountain of 
Bocotia. 

fotBAURTTS, I. priM» Epicarus, a city of Ar- 
golis, on Saronicus sin., opposite Pityon- 
nesos ins. A Carian colony, enlarged by 
settlers from Epidaurus, Illyrise. The 
birth-place of .^culapius. Eptdaurs. II. 
a town of the Dalmatse, Illyria, on the 

* Adriatic, s. of Naro il. A colonia. Ra- 
pua Vecchia, III. suimamed Linera or 



Limenera, a town of Laconia, on tiie 
^Igean, 25 m. n. of Epidellmn. Founded 
by the Argives. Palceo Emvasia. 

Epidamnus, postea Dyrrachium, cs^tal of 
the Taulantii, in Illyria, n. of Petra prom. 
Founded by Corey reans 625 B.C. A colonia. 
The name is by some authors said to have 
been changed from Epidamnus to Dyrrha- 
chium, on account of the sinister meaning 
applicable to the former designation. Vemis 
was especially worshipped here. Durazzo. 

Epidelium, a town of Laconia, on the 
^gean, near Malea prom. Sanf Angela, 

Epiderpon, VenetisB, i. q. Opitergium. 

Epidia ins., Inf. et Sup., two of the Ebndae 
ins., Brit. 

Epidium prom., a pr. of the Epidii, Brit., 
opposite Robugdium prom. Mull of Con- 
tyre, 

Epiecia, a town of Corinthia, on tlie con- 
fines of Argolis, n.e. of Bembina. 

EpiEiciDiC, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Cecropis. 

Epina (Elidis), i. q. Harpenna. 

Epimaranit^, Arabiee, i. q. Maranit«. 

Epioros ins. (Nanigeris), an isl. of Tapro* 
bane, over against Cory ins. 

Epiphania, I. a city of Apamene, Syria, on 
the Orontes, 23 ^eo%» m. n.w. of EmSsa. 
Hamah. II. {priua iBniandus), of Cilicia 
Campestris, bet. Anazarba (30) and An- 
tiochia (30). Built by Antiodius Epi- 
phanes. 

Epirus (" mainland''), a country of Europe, 
bounded n. by Illyria, s. by Acamania, w, 
by the Ionium mare, e. by Athunania, or, 
earlier, by Achelous fl. Established as a 
kingdom by Pyrrhus, son of Neoptolemus 
and grandson of Neptune, B.C. 1170. 

Epitalium, a town of Triphylia, EUs, 8. of 
Phrixa. The Homeric Thryon or Thryo- 
essa of Nestor. 

Epium, a town of Triphylia, in Elis, n.e. 
of Macistus, on Alpheus fl., L. 

Epopeus m., a volcanic m. of ^Enaria ins., 
whose eruptions gave rise to the fables re- 
specting the giant Typhoeus in connexion 
with this island. M. Epomeo : Mowte San 
Niccolo. 

Epara, a town of the Turtuli, Beetica, on 
the Bsetis, L., above Corduba (28). 

Eparedia (" horse-tamer"), a city of the 
Salassi, in Gallia Transp., on Duria Maj. 
fl., L., bet. Vitricram (21) and Vercdlic 
(33). A colonia and municipium. Tvrea, 

Epoissum, a town of the Treveri, Belgica I^ 
bet. Meduantum n.e. and Mosa s.w. 

Epotium, a town of the Vulgientes, Narbo- 
nensis, on Druentia fl., bet. Alabon and 
Segustero. 



EPY 



148 



ERI 



Epyrus, a town of the Bistones, Thrace, on 

EgnatiaVia, bet. Pistyms (8) and Biatonia 

(20). 
EdUABONA, a town of the Celtici, Lnsitania, 

at the mouth, L., of the Tagus, opposite 

Olisipo. Coyna, 
Equiturri, a tribe of Salyes, Narbonensis, 

on Varus fl., R., above the Nerusd. In 

Entre-Deux, 
Equus Tuticus ("great horse*'), an Oscan 

town of the Hirpini, in Samnium, on Via 

Egnatia, bet. Forum Novum (12) and 

JExxR (8). The place whose name Horace 

found impracticable. Church of San* Eleti- 
, terio. 
Er ACTUM, a town of Dacia, towards Clepi- 

dava. 
ERifi, Ionise, i. q. Gerse. 
Eragisa, a town of Cyrrhestica, Sjrr., on 

the Euphrates, bet. Barbalissus and Apam- 

maris (16). Rasek. 
Erana, I. a fortress of the Eleutherocilices, 

in Amanus m. II. a town of Messenia, 

s. of Cyparissium prom. The Arene of 

Homer. Ordina, 
JIrannoboas fl., a r. of India, falling into 

the Ganges, e. of Palimbothra. 
Erasinus 11., I. a r. of Argolis, falling into 

Argolicus sin., below Lema. Kefalari, II. 

of Attica, rising near Pentele, and falling 

into the JBgean, below Brauron. 
Eratyra, a district of Elamea, in Macedo- 
nia. 
Erayisci, a people of Pannonia. 
Erbessus (Herbessa), a town of Sicily, n.e. 

of Agrigentum. 
Ercalum, a town of the Hylse, Sarmat., on 

Carcines fl., towards its source. 
Ercheia, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

£geis. The birth-place of Xenophon and 

of Isocrates. 
Erchoas, a town of the Nubae, on the Nile, 

bet. Cambysis ^Erarium and Satachta. 
Ercobriga, Hispaniae, i. q. Talabriga. 
Ercta prom., a pr. of Sicily, n., above 

Panormus, or, according to some geogra- 
phers, N. of Eryx. 
Erdtni, a people of Hibemia, w., bet. the 

Venicnii, n., and the Magnatee, s. Sligo 

and Antrim, 
Erebantium prom., the n. extremity of 

Sardinia. Longo Sardo ; Cabo delta 

Testa. 
Erebinthodis ins., an isl. of Bithynia, one 

of the Demonisi group. 
Erech, i. q. I. Araca. II. Edessa, Mesop. 
Erectheia, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

uEgeis. 
EremosoBmSA, a fortress of Cappadocia, bet. 

Ardula and Cucusus. 



Erenea, a village of M^^s, near Me- 
gara. 

Eresii, Mysiae, i. q. Argiza. 

Eressus, a town of Lesbos Ins., on the s.w. 
coast, 3| m. s.s. from Sigrium prom. The 
birth-place of Theophrastus and Phanias. 
Noted for its fine flour. Eresso* 

Eretenus. Vide Eridanus. 

Eretria (Arotria, Melaneis), I. a town of 
Euboea, on the w. coast, opposite Del- 
phinium, the largest in ihe island next to 
Chalcis. A colony from Eretria in Attica. 
Here was a famous school of philosophy 
and dialectics. Castri, II. of Phthiotis, 
Thessaly, bet. Pharsalus and Pherae. Near 
Tzangli, 

Eretum, a town of Sabinium, on Tiberis fl., 
L., bet. Rome (18) and Vicus Novus (14), 
on Via Salaria. Sacred to Here (Juno). 
Rimane, 

Ergasterion, a mining town of Mysia, bet 
Argesae (15) and Cyzicus. 

Ergavica (Ergavia), a town of the Vacciei, 
Tarraconensis, e. of the source of the 
Tagus. A colonia and munidpium. 

Ergetium (Sergentum), a town of Sicily, 
s.E. of Euna, on Chrysas fl., R. 

Ergina fl., Thradee, i. q. Agrianes. 

Ergisce, a town of the Cicones, Thrace. 

Erib^ea, a town of the Paravaei, on the n. 
bank of Aous fl. Eriboe. 

Eribianus m., apud Ptol., i.q. Callicula m. 

Eribolum (H3rribolum, Eribaea), a village 
of Bithynia, on Astacenus sin., s., oppo- 
site Nicomedia. Karamnsal. 

Ericeia, a demus of Attica, of the tnbe 
^geis. 

Ericinum, a town of Perrhaebia, Thessaly, 
on the confines of Estiaeotis. II. Sar- 
diniee, i. q. Erudum. 

Ericusa ins., an isl. of Sardinia, n. of 
Didyme ins. Dattolo. 

Eridanus fl., I. a r. of Athens, running intd 
the Ilissus, near the Lyceum. II. (]&»• 
tenos, Rhodanus, postea Reteno), a r. of 
Venetia, rising n.w. of Vicetia, and pass- 
ing by Aponifontes,fal^ng into the Adnaiic^ 
N. of Padus fl. Noted for its eels. JBti- 
chiglione. III. (Spineticum Ostium), Hit 
branch of Padus fl., falling into the Adria- 
tic at Spineticum. Po di Primaro, IV. 
the Greek name of Padus fl. Associated 
poetically, with the fall of Phaeton, and 
the amber tears of his weeping sisters, 
from the circumstance that, of old, the Fo 
produced amber. 

Erin^bi, a people of Scythia, n. of th^ 
Serbi. 

Erimon, an inland town of the .£notri, Brat- 
tiam. 



£RI 



149 



ESD 



Erineus, I. a r. of Sidiy, falling into Sicu- 
lum mare, bet. Neustathmus portus and 
Asinarus fl. Miranda. II. a town of 
Attica, on Cephissus Elensinias fl., near 
Eleusis. Here Pluto descended into the 
earth with Proserpine. III. of Doris, on 
Pindus fl. Artotina, FV. the harbour of 
Rhypae, in Achaia, at the mouth of Phoe- 
nix fl., 1 m. from iEgium. 

Skisane, a town of Baetica. 

Eristhe, a port of Arabia Felix, s., towards 
Abisama. Resem; Reschin, 

£Rrx, a maritime town of the Apuani, in 
Idguria, the port of Luna, on Portus 
liunse. Spezzia ? 

£riza (Erezus), a town of Phrygia Mag., 
on the borders of Caria, on Caus fl., bet. 
Laodicea ad Lycum and Themisonium. 
Bazarkhan. 

Erlapi fl. Vide Arelate. 

Srmin Street (Hermann Street), a Roman 
road in Britain, extending from Holbom, 
London, to St. David's, in Wales, with a 
branch to Southampton. 

Ernodurum, a town of the Bituriges Cubi, 
Aquitania I., bet. Avaricum, n.e. and 
Alerta, s.w. 

Ernolatium, a town of Noricum, on Ami- 
sus fl., L., bet. Tutatio (12) and Gabro- 
magus (8). Near BongraSy n. 

Ernago, a town of the Desuviates, Gallia 
Yiennensis, n. of Arelate (7^). St. Ga- 
hriel, 

Erochus, a town of Phocis, towards Pano- 
pens. 

BiUEADiE, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Hippothoontis. 

Eronoboos fl., Ind. i. q. Sonus. 

Erucium (Ericinum), a town of the Balari, 
in Sardinia, on Coquinas fl., s.e. of Ti- 
tiula. 

Ert ANNUS fl., a r. of .^lolis Asiat., rising 
in Ida m., and falling into Adramyttenus 
«n. 

Brtce (Eruca)^ a town of Sicily, near the 
■oorce of Eryces fl., n.w. of Hybla He- 



fiftiPcES fl., a r. of Sicily, rising near Eryce. 

PtUagonia. 
Eimf ANTHUS, I. an early name of Psophis, 

Arcadia. II. a r. of Arcadia, rising in 

Lampe m., and falling into Alpheus fl. 

above Phrixus. Dogana. III. a range of 

M., on the N. frontier of Arcadia, bet. 

Soollis m. and Crathis m., where Hercules 

ilestroyed the boar. Olonos. 
Sbtmmi, a maritime town of Scythia, on the 

Rba. 
Ebtmna, an early name of Tralles, in 

Lydia. 



Ertmn^, Magnesia, i. q. Eur3rmen8e. 
Erythia ins., the isl. next to that on which 
Gades formerly stood. It is associated by 
the poets with the story of Geryon. 
Erythini, '* red heaps,'' a maritime town of 
Paphlagonia, on the rocks, 8 m. e. frt)m 
Amastris. 
Erythr<e, I. a town of Boeotia, s. of Pla- 
taea, on Asopus fl. Famous for its bread. 
In ruins in the time of Pausanias. II. a 
town of Crete, at Erythrseum prom. III. 
of Dardania, near Gergitha. The birth- 
place of the Erythraean sibyl. IV. the 
port of Eupalium, in Locris, on Corinthia- 
cus sin. Kokino. V. (Cnopupolis), one of 
the twelve cities of Ionia, on Erythraeus 
sin., at the mouth of Aleos fl., opposite 
Chios opp. A Cretan and Lycian colony, 
under Erythrus; augmented subsequently 
by settlers from Attica, under Cnopus, son 
of Codrus. The seat of the elder Ery- 
thraean sibyl. Noted for its wine and fine 
flour. Ritre. 

Erythr^um mare, the portion of the Indi- 
cus Oceanus ; s. as Erythraeum mare, spe- 
cially; w. as Rubrum mare or Arabian 
sin., E. as Persicus sin., which washes the 
coasts of Arabia. Named from king Ery- 
thras, son of Perseus and Andromeda ; or, 
according to Forster and others, from 
Edom (Esau) ? II. prom, a pr. of Crete, 
on the S.E. coast, w. of Ampelus prom, 
C. Langada. 

£rythr£us sin., a bay of Ionium mare, at 
Erythrae. 

Erythron, a maritime town of Pentapolis, 
Cyrenaicae, bet. Chersis and Naustath- 
mos. 

Eryx, a dty of Sicily, on the s. slope of 
Eryx m. San Giuliano, 

Eryx m., a m. occupying the n.w. angle of 
Sicily ; the highest in the island after Etna. 
On its summit was a temple of Venus 
Erycina. Monte San Giuliano. 

EsAR, Meroe, i. q. Axume. 

EsBUTA (Sebounta), a town of Idumaea, 10 
m. N.N.E. from Ludia. The seat of the 
descendants of Ishbak. Shobak. 

EscAMUs fl., a r. of Moesia, falling into the 
Danube. 

EscADiA, Escua, a town of Baetica, n. of 
Obucula. 

Escius fl., Maes. i. q. CEseus. 

Esco, a town of the Estiones, Vindelicia, 
on Vinda fl., towards its source, bet. Cam- 
bodunum (20) and Abodiacum (18). 

Esco Nova, a town of the Licates, Vindelida, 
on Licus fl., E. of Esco. 

EsDRAELON Vallis, Galileae. Firffi Campus 
Magnus. 



ESH 



150 



EUBT 



EsHTAOL, a town of Judah, 8.x. of Asca- 

km. 
BsHTBMOA (Ashtemoli), a town of Jndah, s. 

8ema, 
XsiONGBBBB. (Asiongeber), the Scriptural 

name of Berenice iEIanitica. 
EsKOL fl., a r. of Judeea, falling into the 
Mediterranean near Ascalon, s. In the 
oognominal valley through which it ran, 
the large bunch of grapes was cut by the 
scouts of Moses. 
iiSOPis, I. a r. of Bruttium, falling into 
Locrensis sin., near Locri. II. a summit 
of the Apennines, at Locri, on which stood 
the citadel of that; city. 
liSROM, L q. Hezron. 
EsssDONES, a people of Sarmatia Asiat., n. 

of the Napitse. 
liasui (Sagii, Saii), a people of Lugdu- 
nensis II., bet. the Aulerd Cenomanni s. 
and the Aulerd Eburovices n. About 
8eez, 
EsTHEMOA, a sacerdotal city of Juda, s.e. of 

Lachis. 
EsTiA lacus, a lake of Germania Magna. 

Dammer8ee, 
EsTiA prom., a pr. of Bith3rnia, on Bospo- 
rus Thracius,E. of Argyronium prom. Here 
was the Hieron, a temple of Jupiter Urius, 
and an Altar of the Twelve Gods, conse- 
crated by Jason. 
EsTiiBOTis, a district of Thessaly, on the 
confines of Athamania, n. of Dolopia ; the 
territory principally of Medon. Originally 
the country of the Dorians. 
EsTiONES, a tribe of Vindelici, Rheet., bet. 
the Danube, n., ttie Focunates, s., the Id- 
eates, E., and the Lentienses, w. 
EsTOBARA, a town of Bactriana, near the 

source of Ochus fl. 
EsuBiANi, a people of the Alps, contiguous 

to the Edenates. On the Vesubia. 
EsuRis, a maritime town of the Turtetani, 
Bsetica, at the mouth of the Anas. Cos- 
tromaria, 
Btanna, I. a town of the Allobroges, Vien- 
nensis, on Rhodanus A., bet. Condate and 
Augusta. II. (Catenna, Atmenia), of Pi- 
odia, X. of Selge. 
Etaxalos ins., an isl. of the Omanitae, 

Arabiae. 
Eteocretes, ** true Cretans," the primitive 

occupants of the s. coast of Crete. 
Etbonus, poatea Scarphe, a town of Boeotia, 
on Asopus fl., R., bet. Siolus and Ery- 
thrse. 
Etxka, a town of Crete, in Didymi sinus, 
bet. Camara (3) and Cetia prom. Xeo- 
petro, 
Etham, I. a desert of Egypt and Axabia^ at 



the head of the Red Sea. II. a town of 
Lower Egypt, near the w. bvandi of Ama- 
ros lacuB, n.w. of Arsinoe, bet. Sndiotii 
and Hiroth. The second stage of tiie 
Israelites after their departure from Raem- 
sis (HeroopoUs). III. a town of Judah^ 
1^ m. 8. from Bethlehem. Built by Re> 
hoboam. EUtath, 
Ethopa, a hill fortress of Athamania, in 
^tolia, near Argithea, towards the con-^ 
fines of Thessaly. 
Etia, a town of Crete, w. of Itanus. The 

birth-place of the sage Miso. 
Etis, Etia, a town of Laconia, near Aphio* 

disias. Founded by ^fineas. 
Etobema (Etobesa, Honosca), a town of 
the Edetani, Tarraconensis, n.w. of Sego- 
briga. Oropesa, 
Etocetum, a town of the Comavii, Brit. 
Rom., S.E. of Penocrudum. Wallf near 
Lichfield. 
ETO^rx, postea Lemone, a town of Penfac- 

bia, N. of Elatia. 
Etone A, Tenia, a town of the Trocmi, Galatia, 

bet. Tavium (13) and Carissa. 
Etonissa (Etobema, Etovesa), a maritime 
town of the Ilercaones, Tarraconensis, bet. 
Caprasia prom. n.e. and Sepelaci s.w. 
Segorbe, 
Etosca, Tarracon. apud VelL Paterc., L q. 

Osca. 
Etruria, a region of Italy, bounded n.w. by 
Liguria, at Macra 11., n.e. by Grallta Cis- 
padana, at the Apennines, w, by Tyrrfae-- 
num mare, e. by Umbria, at the Apen- 
nines and Tiberis fl., s. by Latiam and 
Sabinium at Tiberis 11. For Etruria, in 
its larger signification, see TyrrhenL 
Etrusci, Tusd, i. q. Tyrrheni. 
Etymandrus fi., a r. of Aria, rising in 
Parapomisus m., andfalling into Aria Piilni* 
Hilmeitd, 
EuASPLA fl., Indiae, i. q. Cophen. 
EuBCEA, I. " fine oxen " (EUopia, 
Abantia, pritts Macris), an isL 
^gean, extending along the 
Phods, Bneotia, and Attica. In 
from 2 to 17 m., in length 150, in 
365. It was supposed to have beea ton 
from the continent by an earthquaka. 
Settled originally by Phoenidans, under 
Cadmus, and afterwards by Dryopes, aad 
by Abantes firom Abe, in Phods. The 
name is fabulously derived from the viflt 
here of lo in her metamorpkaat. 
Egripo : Negropont. II. m., a m. of 
Argolis, 2 m. firom Mycenae. III. a toim 
of Sicily, on Simaethus fi., towards Mybk 
EuBois, a town of Euboea, swallowed up lif 
an earthquake. 



AsofUSf 

of til0 

of 
breaMi 



EUB 



151 



EUR 



EuBULUM portoa^ Tanzica Chenonesas, 

i. q. Syxnboli prom. 
EuBURiATES» a nKHmtain tribe of ligaria, 

aboye Genua. 
EucARPiA, a town of Phrygia Magna, w. of 

Sjrnnada, n.b. of Eiunenia (30). Noted 

for its fine grapes. 
EucRATioiAy a town of Bactriay n.w. of 

Bactra. Built by king Eucratides. 
EuDiBLOSy Boeotia, i. q. Aspledon. 
EuDiERUM, a fortress of Perrhtebia, Thes- 

saly, N.E. of Ascaris palus^ Konospoli. 
EuDiPHUS, i. q. Eulepa. 
EuDiXATA, a town of Armenia Minor. 
EuDOCiA, a town of Pamphylia, near Ter- 

messns. 
EuDON fl., a r. of Lydia, flowing, by Tralles 

into Maeandms fl. 
Euoosii, a tribe of Vindili, Germania, n. of 

the Semnones. 
EuDOXiA, I. a town of Pontus, s.w. of Co- 

mana. II. of the Tolistoboii, Galatia, near 

Germa. 
EuDRACiNUM, a town of the Salassi, Gallia 

Transpadana, bet. Summus Penninus (10) 

and Augusta Prsetoria (15). 
EuBBCESy vide Isaura. 
EuoANEi, a primitive race of n.e. Italy, who, 

driyen from their possessions in Venetia by 

the Etruscans, settled w. of Athesis fl., 

about the lakes Sebinus, Edrus, and Bena- 

cus, where they occupied 34 towns, which 

were admitted by Augustus to the rights 

of Latin cities. 
EuGBNiUM, a fortress of the Parthini, II- 
• lyria, s.w. of Dimallum. Ichin, 
EuGiON fl., a sacred stream of Bruttium, 

falling into Metaurus il. s. of Portus 

Orestis. 
EuGONB, i. q. Itonia in Pontus. 
EuHipPA, an early name of Thyatira, 

Lydia. 
Euiusus (Ulai), fl., Susiane, i. q. Choaspis, 

or, according to some geographers, a r. of 

Susdana, foiling into Cophrates fl. Ku- 

ran. 
EuLEPA, a town of Cappadocia, bet. Ce- 

sarea (16) and Armaxata (24). 
SniLSA, a town of Pontus, on Halys fl., L., 
. near Camisa. 

EuMENES portus, Arabise, i. q. Orine. 
EuMENiA, a town of Phrygia Magna, on 

Glaucus fl., N. of Peltee. Founded by 

Eumenes. Ishekle, 
EuMOLFiAS, the early name of Philippopolis, 

Thradse. 
SuNiB, a town of Caiia. 
EwiBA, a town of Cynuria, ArgoUs. 
SuoNYMiA, a demua of Attica^ of the tribe 

Erectheis. 



EuGNTMUS ins., ^dly, i. q. Didyme. 

EuPAOiUM, a town of Acrorea, Elis, n. of 
Alium. 

EuPALiUM (Eupolium), a town of the Locri 
. Ozolee, on the confines of iStolia, n.e. of 
Naupactus. 

EuPATORiA, postea Magnopolis, I. a town of 
Pontus, at the junction of Lycus fl. with 
Iris fl., N.w. of Cabira. Founded by 
Mithridates Eupator, completed by Pompey 
the Great. Tchenikeh. II. of Taurica 
Chersonesus, w. above Chersonesus. Built 
by Mithridates Eupator. Eupatoria: 
Kaslov. 

EuPHORBiUM, a town of Phrygia Magna, 
bet. Synnada (37) and Apamea Cibotus 
(36), on Orgas fl. Sandakii. 

EuPHRANTA, a fortress of the Psylli, Airicse, 
on Syrtis Major, bet. Putea Nigra and 
Macomades Psyllorum. In the time of 
Ptolemy, this was the boundary w. of Cy- 
renaica. 

Euphrates {biblice Pherath), fl., a r. of 
Asia, rising in Abus m., Armenia, and, 
after separating Asia Minor from Armenia 
Major, and Syria from Mesopotamia, fall- 
ing, combined with the Tigris, after a 
course of 1147 m., into Persicus sin. There 
were various artificial canals connecting it 
with the Tigris about Seleucia and Babylon, 
" the rivers of Babylon ** of the Psalmist. 
According to Pliny the Euphrates origi- 
nally fell into Persicus sin. by a natural 
channel of its own, 7 n^v or, according to 
some writers, 26 m. w. of the Tigris. Eu- 
phrates; Phrat. 

EuPHRATis ins., islets in the Euphrates, 
above Phatusa. 

EupiLis lacus, a lake of the Orobii, GalHa 
Transpadana, s. of Larius lacus. Pieve 
d'Incino. 

EuPL^A ins., an islet of Campania, in Cu- 
manus sin., under Pausilypus m. JLa . 
Gaiola, 

Eupolium, a town of the Locri Ozolte, in- 
land from Erythrse, its port. 

EupoREA, a town of Bisaltia, Macedonia, 
on Strymon fl., bet. Gazorus (8) and Hera- 
clea Sintica (17)* 

EuRiBA, a town of Molossis, on the w. bank 
of Pambotis lacus, s.b. of Horreum. Jan- 
nina. 

EuRANiUM, a town of Caria. 

EuREis, I. a r. of Troas. II. a village of 
Troas, on Eureis fl., near Scepsis. 

EuRiA, a maritime town of Marmarica, bet. 
Plynos and Petrae Magnee portus. 

EuRiAPA, a town of Sarmatia, b. of Corosia. 
Rawkagskaia, 

EuRiPus, I. the strait dividing Eoboea from 



EUR 



152 



EVE 



Bceotia. It was subject to extraordinary 
tides and currents. II. a bay of t^e .£gean, 
in Lesbos s.w. III. i. q. Chalds, Eu-^ 
boea. 

EuRiPYDiEy a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Leontis, near Cropia. 

EuROMUS (Eurdpus), /iri«9 Idria and Chry- 
saoris, a town of Caria, towards the head 
of Issicus sin. Founded by Idreus, son of 
Car. Mendelet, 

EuROPA, '* hind of the evening, the West," 
one of the three divisions of the world 
known to the ancients. Bounded n. by 
Oceanus Borealis, s. by the Mediterranean, 
w. by the Atlantic, e. by the Tanais 
(or, according to Herodotus, &c., the 
Phasis), the Meeotis palus, the Euxine, the 
Propontis, the Hellespont, and the JBgean. 
The name is traditionally derived from 
Europa, daughter of Agenor. Its original 
population, scattered savages, was aug- 
mented at various periods from the e. (the 
expedition of the Argonauts up the Danube 
was in 1350 B.C.) and n.e. 

EuROPUs, I. a town of Almopoeia, Pseonia, 
w. of Apsalus. II. of Bottisea, on the 
Ludias fl., above Ichnie. III. of Cjrrrhes- 
tica, on the Euphrates, bet. Ceciliana and 
Zeugma (14). Built by the Macedonians. 
Jerabis. IV. of Emathia, Macedonia, on 
the Axius fl. below Almana. V. Mediae, 
1. q. Rhagse. 

EuROTAS fl., I. Japygise, i. q. Galeesus. II. 
a r. of Laconia, rising near Belemina* and 
falling into Laconicus sin. w. of Helos. 
In its course it disappears for a time under 
ground, reappearing near Belmina. Vide 
Alpheus fl. Ere ; Vasilico - Potamo, 
" royal river" III. ThessaUee, i. q. Tita- 
resius. 

EuRYAMPus, a town of Magnesia, Thes- 
saly. 

Eurydicea, a town of Pallene, Mace- 
donia. 

EuRYELOS prom., a pr. of Sicily, near 
Syracuse. 

EuRYLE^, a village of Achaia, near Olenus. 

EuRYMEDON fl., a r. of PamphyUa, rising 
on the confines of Phrygia, s. of Sidera, 
and falling into the sea below Aspendus, 
w. of Side. Memorable for the double 
defeat, on sea and land, of the Persians by 
Cimon. CapHsou. 

EuRYMENJB (Erymnae), I. a town of Mag- 
nesia, Thessaly, on the coast, bet. Myrae 
and Rhizus. II. of Molossis, Epirus, to- 
wards Eursea. Destroyed by Cassander. 

EuRYNASSA Ins., an isl. of Chios. 

EuRYTANBS, a people of ^tolia, occupying 
the countiy fh)m about Thermus n. to the 



borders of Thessaly. A very savage people, 
reputed to live on raw flesh. 

EuscHCENUS, a maritime town of Cyrenaica 
w., bet. Hyphali and Csenon. 

EusEBiA AD Aro^um, the name given to 
Mazaca, Cappadoda, by Ariobarzanes Eu- 
sebes. 

EusEBiA AD Taurum, a later name of Izana, 
Cappadoda. 

EusENE, a maritime town of Pontus, bet. 
Naustathmus (20) and Amisus (8). 

Eusp^NA, i. q. Phuphuena. 

EuTHENE (Eutane), a town of Caria, on 
Doridis sin. 

EuTHYMEDiA, Indise, i. q. Sagala. 

EuTREsis, a town of Boeotia, bet. Thespiae 
and Plataea, n.e. of Leuctra, where Am- 
phion and Zethus dwelt before they 
reigned in Thebes. Extinct in the time oi 
Pausanias. Phria. 

EuTRESiuM, a town of Arcadia, towards 
Mantinea. 

EuTRETUs portus, a port of Alcyonium 
mare, near Siphae. Baihi. 

EuxiNUS pontus, an inland sea, separating 
Europe ^om Asia, bet. Bosporus Thradus 
and Tanais fl. In circuit 2500 m. It is 
said to have been first named Axenus, 
** inhospitable," from its tempestuousness, 
or from the savage character of the popu- 
lation on its shores. Its form the andents 
likened to a Sc3rthian bow, of which the 
coast of Asia Minor was the chord. By 
the earlier geotrraphers the Euxine was 
supposed to ^mmu^icate with the Adriatic, 
an error arising from the Argonautic mi- 
grations up the Danube. Euxine. 

Eva, a town of Cynuria, Argolis, undar 
Parnon m., n.w. of Thyrea. 

EvAGiNA, a town of the Trocmi, Galatia, 
bet. Tavium (16) and Saralium (24). The 
Phuibagana of Ptolemy. 

Evan m., a summit of Ithome m., e. <^ 
Messene. 

EvANDRiA, a town of the Turtuli, Bsetica, 
on the Baetis, bet. Dipo and Augusta 
Emerita. 

EvARCHUs (Evechus) fl., a r. of Paphlagonia, 
running into the Euxine at Cyptasia, the 
early limit of Paphlagonia and Cappado- 
cia. 

Eyaria (Harae), a town of Palmyrene, bet. 
Palmyra and Adata. 

Evas m., a summit of Thomax m., Laoonia, 
E. of Sellasia. 

EvAZiE, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica. 

Even us fl., I. a r. of iEolis Asiatica, rising 
near Lymessus and falling into Adramyt- 
tenus sin., near Pitane. Adramyttium 
was supplied hence with water by an aque- 



EVI 



163 



FEL 



duct. Tchandeli, II. priiu Lycormas, 

of iBtolia, rising in Callidromus m., near 

Bomium, and fidling into Corinthiacus sin. 

near Chalds. Celebrated for the story of 

Kessos. Fidari, 
Evil, a town of the Dassaretse, Illyria. 
EvoNYMiT^, a people of Meroe, on the left 

bank of the Nile, s. of Dodecaschoenus. 
EvoBAS m., a summit of Taygetus m., La- 

coniae. 
EvoROLUCUM, a town of the Arvemi, Aqui- 

tania I., s.e. of Aquse Ners. 
Ex, Bstica, vide Saxetanum. 
ExAMP^i regio, a district of Sarmatia e., 

on Hypanis fl. 
ExcisuM, a town of the Nitrobriges, Aqui- 

tania II., bet. Trajectus n. and Aginnum 

ExoBYGiTiE, a people of Sarmatia, bet. the 

Roxolani and the Hamaxaboii. 
ExopoLis, Sarmatia, i. q. Gelonus. 
ExTERUM mare, the name given, as being 

outside Herculis Fretum, to the Atlantic. 



F. 



Fababia, i. q. Burchana. 

Fababis fl., i. q. Farfarus. 

Fabibanum, a town of Germania, K.w. of 
Tecelia. 

Fabbatbbia, a town of the Volsci, Latium, 
on Ldris fl., bet. Fregellse (3) and Aquinum 
(8), on Via Latina. Falvaterra, 

Facelinus fl., Siciliae, i. q. Melas,iTom Fax^ 
the torch of Diana, to whom the river was 
sacred. The name is sometimes given 
Fascelinus, as iirom fasciSf the bundle of 
brushwood in which her image was secretly 
conveyed from the Taurica Chersonesus. 

'Fmsvi.m (Faesula), a Tyrrhenian town of 
Etruria, 3 m. n.e. of Florentia. A colonia 
of Sylla. The head quarters, in Etruria, 
of Catiline. Fieaole, 

Fagitana, a town of Rhsetia. 

Falacbinum (Falacrine), I. a town of Sa- 
biniam, on Via Salaria, n. of Interocrea. 
The birth-place of Vespasian. Ch, of 
San Silvestro in Falacrino. II. of Sa- 
binium, bet. Forum Dedi (2) and Vicus 
Badies (9), on Via Salaria. Falacrino, 

Falebia, a town of Picenum, 8. of Urbs 
Salvia. Falleroni, 

Falebii (Falerium, Falisca), capital of the 
Falisci, Etruria, on Via Amerina, bet. 
Nepete (5) and Castell. Amerinum (12). 
A Sicntian town. A colonia of Augustus. 
Noted for its fertility, for its sausages, and 



for the story of the treacherous school- 
master. Citta Casteliana, 

Falebii Novum, the later capital of the 
Falisci, at the foot of the hill on which 
stood Falerii vetus. S. Maria Falari, 

Falernus agar, a district of Campania, ex- 
tending from Massid m. to Vultumus fl. 
Noted as producing the best wine in the 
world. 

Fanesiorum ins., vide Oonts. 

Fanum Carisii, I. a maritime town of the 
iEsaronenses, Sardinia, bet. Feronia and 
Viniola. II. Fortune, a town of Umbria, 
at the mouth of Metaurus fl., bet. Pisau- 
rum (8) and Ad Pirum. A colonia of Au- 
gustus (Julia Fanestris). Fano, III. 
FuGiTivi, of Umbria, on Via Flaminia, 
bet. Tres Tabemse (10) and Spoletium (7). 
Monte Summo. IV. Martis, of the 
Nervii, Belgica II., e. of Bagacum. V. of 
the Osismi, Lugdunensis III., w. of Vor- 
ginum. Sauvagere, VI. Minerv^k, of 
the Remi, Belgica II., bet. Basilia n.-w. 
and Ariola s.e. VII. VacunvE, round aT. 
ofVacuna, near Cures, Sabinium. OnRocca 
Giovane. VIII. VoLTUMNiB, a temple of 
Voltumna, Etruria, s.e. of Vulsiniensis lac., 
where the solemn assemblies of the Tyr- 
rhenian nation were held. Ch, of Santa 
Maria in VoltumOj at Viterbo, 

Farfarus (Fabaris) fl., a r. of Sabinium, 
falling into the Tiber s.e. of Soracte m. 
Farfa, 

Fasiana, a town of the Boii, Noricum, on 
the Danube, bet. Trigesamum and Pirum 
Tortum. 

Faurus fl., a r. of the Mamidni, falling 
into the Adriatic at Angulum. Foro, 

Faustianus, a village in Falernus Ager of 
Campania, 6 m. s.e. of Sinuessa. Its dis- 
trict produced the choicest of the Faler- 
nian wine. 

Faustinopolis, a town of Tyanitis, Cappa- 
docia, S.E. of Tyana (12). Built on the 
site of Halala, by Marcus Aurelius, in 
honour of his wife Faustina, who died 
here. 

Faventia, a town of Grallia Cispad., bet. 
Forum Comelii (10) and Forum Livii (6). 
Faenza. 

Faveria, a town of Histria, on Arsia fl., 
opposite Nesaclium. Pear a. 

Favi ANA, a town of Noricum, on the Danube, 
near Arelate. 

Favonis portus, a port of Corsica, e. bet. 
Aleria and Syracusanorum portus. Porto 
Favono. 

Felsina, the name of Bononia, in Gallia 
Cispad., until its subjugation by the Gauls, 
194 B.C. 



F£L 



IM 



FLA 



Fbltria, capital of the Feitrini, Venetia, 
near Plavis fl., bet. Ausngom (30) and Ad 
Cepasiaa (28). Feltre, 
Fbnchis, a town of Heptanomxs, on the 
Nile, L., bet. Tacona and Tamontum. 
Fecku, 

Fkrsnse, a town of the Taxaudri, Gennania 
II., bet. Taxaudria and Catualium. 

Ferentana urbs, a town of the Frentani, on 
Sagrus fl., Lu Foreto. 

FsRENTiNUM, I. a town of Etraria, bet. 
Castellum Amerininm and Fanum Vol- 
tumnse. Noted for its stone quarries. A 
oolonia and munidpium. The birth-place 
of the emperor Otho. Ferenti. II. of the 

. Hemici, and previonsly of the Volsci, La- 
tinm, on Via Latina, bet. Anagnia (S) and 
Frusino (7)* A municipium. Frentino. 

Fbrentum, a town of Daunia, Apulia, under 
Vnltur. m., 8 m. s. of Venusium. Forenza, 

Feretrus m., a m. of Umbria, s. of Vicus 
Titiensis; San Leo, 

Feritor fl., a r. of Liguria, falling into 
Ligusticus sin. e. of Genua. Bisogno. 

Feronia (Luquidonis portus), a maritime 

. town of the Carenses, Sardinia, bet. Co- 
dearia and Forum Carisii. Monte Sanio. 

Ferrari prom., Tarraconensis, i. q. Arte- 
misium. 

Ferrari A, a town of the Siculenses, in Sar- 
dinia, bet. Sarabus and Caralis (13). Named 
from its iron works. 

Ferratus m., m. on the coast of Mauri- 
tania Caesar., bet. Rusucurrum and Audum 
prom. 

Fescennium (Fescennia), a Siculian town of 
Etruria, towards the Tiber, n.e. of Falerii, 
taken by the Tyrrheni. Noted for the 
Carmina Fescennina, or loose nuptial songs, 
first composed there. Galese. 

Feyos fl., a r. of Gallia Cisalpina, felling 
into the Padus. Vraita. 

FiBRENUs fl., a r. of Latium, falling into liris 
fl., L., below Sora. In it, near its mouth, 
was the island, the birth-place of Cicero, 
and the scene of the Dialogues on Legisla- 
tion. The island (now called San Dome- 
nico Abate) subsequently became the pro- 
perty of Sihns Italicus. Mume delta Posta. 

FiCANA, a town of the Latini, Latium, near 
Lanuvium. Destroyed by Ancus Martius, 
who remoyed the people to Rome. 

FiCARiA I. ins., an isl. of Sardinia, at its 
s.E. extremity. Serpentera. II. a town 
of Corsica s.w., at the mouth of Ficarius 
fl. Fiettri, 

Ficarius fl., a r. of Corsica, falling into the 
s^t at Ficaria. 

FicocLA, a town ci the Lingones,^ Gfdiia 
Cispad., 15 m. s. of Ravenna. Ceroieu 



FicuLEA (Ficnfaiea), a town of Sabinium, en 
Via NoRientano^ e. of Fiden»» 9 m. firom 
Rome. Taken by the elder Tarqnin. At 
Monte Gentile, 

FiDBNiE, a town of Sabinium, bet. Rome (5) 
and Eretum (14), on Via Nomentana. An 
Etruscan colony from VeiL Destroyed by 
^miUns Mamerdus 425 b.c. Restored 
and appointed a munidpium. Near Gutel 
Giubileo. 

FiDENTiA, I. a town of the Anamares, GalL 
Cisp., on Via Emilia, bet. Ad Fonticnlos 
(5) and Ad Tarum (8). A colonia of 
Augustus. The locality of the defeat of 
Carbo. Borgo San Donnino, II. His- 
panise, i» q. Ulia. 

FiGLiNis, a town of the Allobroges, Vien- 
nensis, on the Rhone, bet Vienna and 
UrsoUs. 

FiL0MusiA.cnM, a town of the Sequani, 
Maxima Sequanorum, bet. Visontio n.n.w. 
and Ariolica s. 

FiRMUM, a town of Picenum, 5 m. n.w. from 
Castellum Firmanorum, bet. Urbs Salvia 
(18) and Asculum (24), on Via Flaminia. 
A colonia of Augustus. Fermo, 

FiscELLUS m., a portion of the Apennines, 
separating Sabinium from Picenum. The 
only district in Italy where wild goats were 
to be found. Monte Sibilla, 

FissENiA (Mas&ice), a town of Babylonia, on 
the Euphrates, L., bet Pirisabora (14) 
and Thelbencane. 

FiXTUiNUM, a town of the Meldi, Celtica« 
Montbout, near Meaux, 

Flacciana, a town of Numidia, bet. Sig- 
nese and Sibus, s.E. of Sicca Venerea. 

Flamonia, a town of the Veneti, Venetia. 
Flagogna, 

Flanaticus (Polaticus sin.) sin., a gulf of 
the Adriatic, bet. Histria and Liboniia. 
Golfo di Quamaro. 

Flavia Brigantium (Flaviolambris), a town 
of the Lucenses, Tarraconensis, at the 
month, R., of Mearus fl. Ferrol. 

Flavia Cesariensis, a province of Bri- 
tain, extending bet. Abns fl. and Beliaamai 
sestnar. n. and Tamesis fl. s., bounded w. 
by Britannia II. at Sabrina sestoar* and 
Seteja sestuar., and e. by Germanicns 
oc. 

Flavia Marci, a town of Numidia, on 
Bagradas fl., L., bet. Vatari and Vasam- 
pus. 

Flavinium (Flavina), a town of Etmrisr 
near the Tiber, s. of Capena. Fiano, 

Flaviobriga, prifts Amanus portus, a capi- 
tal of the Autrigones, Tarraconensifly on 
the coast, n.e. of Virovesca. A cokma. 
Portugalete. 



FIA 



156 



FOR 



Flavionavia, a maritime town of the Pie- 

ad, TanraGOBenffls, bet. Noega e. and 

NaTifaibio fl. w. 
Flatiopolis, a town of Cilida, near the 

source of Calycadnus fl. 
Fi«\viuM AuRGiTANUM (Gieno), a town of 

the Turtuli, Beetica, s. of Tucd Gemella, 

N. of Mentesa. 
FtAViUM SoLYENSEy i. (J. Virunum. 
Fleva (Phlea) ins.» an insulated district of 

the fVisii, Germ., formed by Flevus fl., 

near its mouth. 
Flevum, I. mare, a lake or inland sea of the 

Frisiiy formed by Flevus fl. and other cuts 

from the Rhine. Zuydersee (S. sea). II. 

castrum, a citadel built by Drusus at the 

mouth of Flevus fl., Germanise. 
Flbvus fl., the E. issue of the Rhine. 
Florbntia, I. a town of the Anamares, 

GalL Cisp., on Via ^mil., bet. Placentia 

(15) and Ad Fonticulos (6). Fiorenzuola. 

II. priua Fluentia, a city of Etruria, 

on Amus fl., R., bet. Sena Julia and 

Solaria (9). A colonia of Jul. Csesar. 

Firenze, 
Floriana, a town of Ptononia Inf., bet. 

Bregetio and Osones (26). 
Fjlorius fl., a r. of Tarraconensis, falling 

into the Atlantic above Nerium prom. 
Flusor fl., a r. of Picenum, falling into the 

aea n. of Tinna fl. Chiento, 
Fluvius Frigidus, I. a town of the Insu- 

bres, in GalL Transpad., bet. Mediolauum 

(12) and Argentia (10), on Via .^Emilia. 

Lambro. II. of Pannonia, b6t. Aquileia 

(36) and Longaticum (22). 
FocuNATBS, a tribe of Lepontii, in Rhstia. 

About Vogogna, 
FcENiANA, a town of Germania Magna, on 

the Danube, above Biriciana. 
FoETiBUS, a town of the Isarci, Rheet., under 

Alpes Venetfle, N.vir. on Athesia fl., L., 

bet. Pons Drusi and Endidse. 
FoNS, I. Camerata, baths of Mauritania 

Ccesar., bet. Berzio and Nobte Fusciani, 

N.w. of Cirta. ll. Potamianus, of Nu- 

midia, on Ubus fl., bet. Gasaupala and 

Magri. III. SoLis, vide Ammon. IV. 

TuNGRORUM, of the Condrusii, Celtica. 

Spa. 
FoNTES Herculis, baths of the Saldenses, 

on Tiema fl., near Pons Trajani. 
F<MUkTH, a town of Mesene Inf., Babylon., 

on the Tigris, 14 m. n.w. from Charax. 

Batra Feraih ,- Perath Maisun ? 
FoBBTANi, a tribe of Cami, Venetia. About 

Fbrforcano, 
FoBMLfi (Hormise), a town of the Ausones, 

liBtmm, on. Formianus ^in., bet. Fundi 

(12) and Mintumse (9), on Via Appia. A 



Laconian settlement. The capital of the 
Homeric Lestrigones. A colonia and mu-> 
nicipium. Noted for its wine. The death- 
plaoe of Cicero. Mola di Gaeta. 

FoRMio fl., a r. of Italy, the boundary, prior 
to Augustus, of Italy n.e. ; the limit of 
Histria and Venetia, fklling into the Adriatic 
(at Musa Vecchia). 

FoROCRiNUM« Sabinii, i. q. Forum Decii. 

FoRTiA M(ENiA prom., a pr. of Sarmatia 
As., on the Euxine, e. of Thessyrius. 

Fortunate ins., isl. of Afirica, s.w. of 
Gaditanum Fretum. Named from their 
abounding with the gifts of nature. Ca- 
naries, 

FoRULi, a village of Sabinium, bet. Testrina 
(3) and Pitinum. Forcella, 

Forum, I. Appii, a town of the Volsci, La- 
tium, on Via Appia, bet. Tres Tabemae 
(16) and Ad Medias (9). Mentioned by 
8t.Paul. BorgoLungo. II. Aurelianum 
(Prsetorium), of Latium, bet. the mouths 
of Numicius fl. and Tiber fl. The landing- 
place of ^neas. Spiaggia d* Ostia. III. 
AuRELii, of Etruria, on Via Aurelia, bet. 
Marta fl. (14) and Armenta. Torre 
Aurelia, IV. Cassii, of Etruria, on Via 
Cassia, bet. Sutrium (11) and Aquae Pas- 
seris. Vetralla, V. Cbreale, a town of the 
Vagienni, near Pedona. VI. Cigurrorum^ 
of the Lucenses, Tarraconensis, on Silis fl.^ 
R., E. of Nemetobriga. Near La Rua, 
VII. Claudii, of Etruria, on Via Claudii, 
bet. Sabote and Blera (16). The seat 
of the prefecture of Novem Pagi. Ort- 
volo, VIII. Clouii, of GaUia Cispa- 
dana, bet. Bononia and Florentia. Xo- 
jano, IX. CoRNELii, of Daunia in Apulia^ 
on Via Frentana, bet. Larinum (26) and 
Pons Longus (30). X. Cornelii, of Gallia 
Cispad., on Saternus fl., L., bet. Clatema 
(13) and Faventia (10), on Via Emilia Le- 
pida. Founded by Sylia. Imola, XI.DEcn, 
of Sabinium, on Vehnus fl., R., bet. In- 
terocrea (12) and Falacria (4), on Via 
Salaria. Santa Croee. XII. Dian^, of 
the Catavellauni, Britain., n.vit. of Vera- 
lamium. Dunstable, XIII. Diugun- 
TORUM (Tuguntorum), of the Insubres, in 
Gallia Transpadana, B. of Mediolanum. 
Crema. XIV. Domith, of the Volcst 
Arecomici, Narbonensis, bet. Sextatio n.e. 
and Mesuo s.w. XV. Druentinorum, vel 
Truentinorum, vel Britonorum, of the Boii^ 
in Gallia Cispadana, s. of Forum Popilii. A 
municipium. Bertinoro. XVI, Flaminii^ 
of Umbria, bet. Spoletium (19) and Helvil- 
lum (27)* S, Giovanni pro Jiamma, XVII. 
FuLvii, of the Taurini, in Liguria, on 
Padua fl., bet. Laumellum and Aata (22V 



FOR 



156 



PRE 



Villa del Foro, XVIII. Gallorum, of 
Gallia Cispad., near Scultenna fi., R., bet. 
Yicturiolse (d) and Ad Medias (3). The 
locality of the defeat of Marc Antony by 
Hirtius and Octavlan. Castel Franco. 
XIX. Gallorum, of the Ilergetes, Tarra- 
conensis, on Gallicas fl., n. of Gallicum. 
Garrea. XX. Gigurrorum, of the Gi- 
gurri, Tarraconensis, w. of Asturica Aug. 
Cigaroasa, XXI. Hadriani, of the Frisii, 
bet. Lugdunum and Flevium. Voorburg. 
XXII. JuLii, of the Oxybii, Narbonensis, 
At the mouth of Argenteus fi., n.e. of 
Olbia. A Massilian settlement. A colonia 
of Julius Caesar (C. Octavorum, C. Pa- 
censis). Frejus. XXIII. Julii, of the 
Garni, Venetia, on Natiso fl., s.w. bf Ad 
Silanos. Founded by Caesar. A colonia. 
Friuli. XXIV. Lepidi, i. q. Regium 
Lepidum. XXV. LiciNii, of the Orobii, 
Gallia Transpadana, 9 geog. m. n. from 
Mediolanum. Lissone. XXVI. Ligneum, 
of the Osquidates, Novem Populana, in 
the Pyrenees, s. of Aspaluca. Lescun. 
XXVII. LiMicoRUM (Ldmorum), of the 
Xiimici, Tarraconensis, on Limia fl., 
R., towards its source, s.e. of Bracara. 
Santiago, XXVIII. Livii, of Gallia Cis- 
padana, on Vitis fl., R., bet. Faventia (5) 
and Forum PopiUi (6). Forli. XXIX. 
Neronis, of the Memini, Narbonensis II., 
e.n.e. of Apta Julia. Momaa, XXX. 
Neronis, of the Volcse Arecomid, 
Narbonensis I., bet. Condatomagus n.w. 
And Araura. XXXI. Novum, of the 
Boil, Gallia Cispadana, on Tarus fl., 10 m. 
Above Bononia. A municipium. Fornovo. 
XXXII. Novum, of the Hirpini, Samnium, 
bet. Beneventum (10) and Equus Tuticus 
/1 2), on Via Appia. Buon Albergo. 
XXXIIL Novum, of Sabinium, w. of 
Reate, on the Tiber. Magliano. XXXIV. 
PoPiLii, of Grallia Cispad., bet. Forum 
Livii (6) and Ceesena (6), on Via iEmilia 
Xepida. Forimpopoli, XXXV. Popilii, 
of Lucania, on Tanager fl., L., 9 m. s.w. 
from Acerronia. Folia, XXXVI. Popilii, 
of the Sidicini, Campania, bet. Teanum 
And Capua, n. of Appia Via. XXXVII. 
Sempronii, of Umbria, on Metaurus fl., 
L., bet. Ad Intercisa and Fanum Fortunse 
i(16), on Via Flaminia. A municipium. 
The locality of a great battle with Asdrubal. 
Fossombrone. XXXVIII. Segusiano- 
bum, capital of the Segusiani, Lugdunensis 
I., N.E.of AquaeSegetae. Feurs, XXXIX. 
Trajani, a town of the Celsitani, Sardinia, 
onTyrsusfl., L., bet. UseUis and Ad Medias. 
A colonia of Trajan. Fordongianus, XL. 
TiBEBiiy a fortress built by Tiberius, on 



an island of Brigantinus lac. On Vile de 
Reicknau, XLI. Valentinum, a town 
of Liguria, towards Forum Fulvii. Valenza, 
XLII. ViBii, of the Taurini, in Gallia 
Transpad., on Cluso fl., &r.w. of Augusta 
Taurinorum. Envie ; qr Revello. XLIII. 
VocoNii, of the Verrudni, Narbonensis, 
bet. Forum Julii and Matavonium. Le 
Canet, XLIV. Vulcani, a place in the 
Campi Phlegrsei of Campania, 1 m. E. of 
Puteoli, which, from its sulphureous ex- 
halations, gave rise to the fables connected 
with the district. Solfatara. 

FosA fl., a r. of the Fosi, Germ., falling into 
Alara fl. 

Fosi, a tribe of Cherusd, Germ., about Fosa fl. 

Fossa, I. a name of Gallicum Fretum. II. 
Augusta, a canal of Latium, bet. Forum 
Appii and Tarradna, begun by Augustus, 
and extended by Nero, for draining the 
Paludes Pomptinae. III. Clodia, a canal 
from Meduacus Maj. fl., falling into the 
Adriatic n. of Portus Brundulus. IV. 
Cluilia, the camp of Cluilius, 5 m. s.e. 
of Rome, n.w. of Bovillae. V. Drusiana, 
vide Sala Ist«v. VI. Mariana, Taphros, 
a canal or inlet of Narbonensis, bet. Sto- 
malimne and Astromela. Marais de 
Mauguis, VII. Papirianjb, a maritime 
town of Etruria, on Via Aurelia, bet. Pisae 
(II) and Luna (12). Viareggio, VIII. 
Philistina. a branch of Padns fl., falling 
into the Adriatic x. of Carbonaria ost; 
hence issued the seven canals constructed 
by the Tyrrhenians, called Septem Maria, 
which facilitated the discharge of the waters 
of the Padus into the sea. Po Grande. IX. 
Scytharum, an artificial cut above Theo- 
dosia, insulating the e. extremity of Taurica 
Chersonesus from the w. portion of the 
peninsula. 

Foss^, a town of Pannonia Inf., on Savus fl.» 
bet. Bassiana and Sirmium. 

Foss way, a Roman road in Britain., bet. 
Totness and Lincoln. 

Franci, a German people, who invaded Gaul 
and gave name to France. 

Fratri ins., two islets of Zeugitana, w. of 
Candid um prom. 

Fratuertium, a town of Calabria. 

Fraxinus, a town of the Oretani, Tarra- 
conensis, N.E. of Hactara. 

Fregell^, a town of the Volsd, Latium, 
on Leris fl., R., bet. Frusino (14) and 
Fabrateria (3), on Via Latina. A colonia 
327 B.C. Destroyed for rebellion by L. 
Opimius. Ceprano, 

pREGENiE, a town of Etruria, at the mouth 
of Larus fl., s.e. of Alsium (9). A colonia. 
Torre Maccarese, 



FRE 



167 



GAB 



Frentani, a tribe of Samnites, settled on 

the coast of the Adriatic, bet. Frento 11., 

whence their name, and Atemus fl. 
Prentus fl., a r. of Daunia, Apul., running 

into the Adriatic below Teanum. Foriore, 
Frescilia, a town of the Marsi, Ital., near 

Plestinia. Civitella, 
FRiGiDiE, Maurit., i. q. Thymiaterium. 
Frigidarium, a town of the Macrones, 

Pontus, bet. Pylse (6) and Patara (8), under 

Tekes m. 
Frigid us 11., a r. of Venetia, running by 

Fluvius Frigidus. Urpach, 
Friniates, a maritime tribe in Gallia Cis- 

padana, n. of Letus m., on the confines of 

the Apuani. 
Frisiobdnes, a tribe of Frisii, about Flevus 

lacus. 
Frisii (Phreisii, Phrisii, Frisiones, "fresh, 

new land people''), a tribe of Ingsevones, 

on Giermanicus oc, below the Chauci. 

They were divided into Majores towards 

the sea, and Minores inland. 
Frusino, a town of the Hemid, Latinm, on 

Cosa fl., bet. Ferentinum (7) and Fregellse 

(14), on Via Latina. Fruainone, 
FrusteniuB, a town of the Vestini, Picenum, 

bet. Aveia (2) and Alba Fucentia (18), 

on Via Valeria. Ocre» 
FuciNus lacus, a lake of the Marsi, s.b. of 

Tibur, in circuit 40 m. Its superfluous 

waters were diverted to Liris fl., by a 

canal constructed in the reign of Claudian. 

Lago di Celano ; L, di Fucino. 
FuiiGiNiUM, a town of Umbria, on Via Fla- 

minia, bet. Trebia (6) and Forum Fla- 

minii (3). Foligno, 
FuLSiNiuM, a town of Curicta ins. 
FuLSULJE, a town of the Hirpini, Samnium, 

near Cala fl. Montepisco, 
Fund ANUS sin., I. i. q. Amyclanus sin. II. 

lacus, a lake of Latium, at Fundi. 
Fundi, a town of the Volsci, in Latium, 

near the n.e. extremity of Fundanus lac., 

bet. Tarracina (13) and Formise (12), on 

Via Appia. A colonia of Augustus. 

Fondu 
FuRCONiuM, a town of the Vestini, Picen., 

on Atemus fl., towards the confines of 

Sabinium. Forconio. 



G. 



Gaash m., a hill of Ephraim, near Timnath- 

Sera. 
Gaba, a town of Galilaea, bet. Ptolemais and 

Caesarea (16). 
Gabachus fl., a r. of l^leroe* 



Gab2b, I. a palace of the kings of Persia, in 
Persis Prop., on Cjrrus fl., s.b. of Pasar- 
gada. II. Gabaza, a town of Sogdiana, n. 
of Maricanda. Kaibas. 

GAB^LiB (Giblim), a town of Cassiotis, Sy« 
riae, s. of Laodicea. Jibili. 

Gabali, I. a town of the Gabali, s. of An- 
deritum, in Aquitigiia, and their capital 
after the destruction of that city. Javols, 
II. a people of Aquitania I., under Ce- 
venna m. w., bet. the Ruteni and the 
Helvii. Gevaudan. 

Gabalicus pagus, a district of the Gabali, 
about Lesara m. Noted for its cheese, 
and for some silver mines, 

Gabara, a town of Galilaea Superior, x. of 
Dio Caesarea. 

Gabaza, i. q. Gabae, Sogdiana. 

Gabellus fl., Grail. Cispad. i. q. Secies. 

Gabiene, a district of Susiana Elymais, on 
Coprates fl., above Cissia. 

Gabii, I. a town of the Latini, Latium, on 
Via Praenestina, bet. Rome (12) and Prae- 
neste (11). A settlement from Alba; sa- 
cred to Juno. Nearly destroyed in the 
civil wars, but restored by Antoninus. The 
nurture-place of Romulus and Remus. 
The dea^-place of Sezt. Tarquinius. The 
locality of the decisive defeat of the Gauls 
by Camillus. A colonia and municipium. 
Here was invented the Cinctus Gabinus, 
a peculiar mode of arranging the toga. 
Osteria dello Pantano, II. a town of 
Sabinium, n. of Cures, on or near Via 
Salaria. Grotte di Torri, ; Torri. 

Gabra, a town of Persis Prop., near Pasar- 
gada, w.N.w. 

Gabrantvici, a tribe of Parisi, Brit., n. of 
Ocellum prom. 

Gabrantvicorum portus, a haven of the 
Gabrantvici, Brit. Bridlington Bay. 

Gabreta Silva, a part of Hercynia Silva, 
Germaniae, s. of Sudeti m. E, Thuringer- 
wald. 

Gabri, a people of Sarmatia Asiat., towards 
Cissii m. 

Gabris, a town of the Bituriges Cubi, Aqui- 
tania I., on the Liger, bet. Tasciaca and 
Avaricum. 

Gabromagus, a town of the Taurisci, Nori- 
cum, near Anisus fl., R., bet. Emolatium 
and Siriate. Windischgraiz. 

Gabrosentum, a town of the Brigantes^ 
Brit., near the w. termination of Hadrian! 
murus, s. Drumburgh. 

Gabula, a town of Chalybonitis, Sjrr., n.e. 

of Chalds. 
Gabuleus, a town of the Penestae, lUyria, 
at the junction of Drilo Niger with Drilo 
Albusfl. 



GAD 



158 



GAL 



•Gad, a tribe of Israel, boimded n. bj the 
half-tribe of Manasseh, n. of Argob, s. by 
Reuben, at Bethlehem, w. bj the Jordan, 
E. by Arabia Deserta. 

Gadanopydrbs, a people of Carmania, on 
the confines of Partlua, bet. the laatichae 
and Modomastice. 

Gadara, capital of Persea, 8 m. s.b. from 
Tiberias. The locality of the miracle of 
the Bwine. Om-Keis. 

CrADARis, Palestinie, i. q. Oath. 

Gadaum Castra, a town of Mauritania, 
bet. Mma (25) and Vagal (18). El CaU 
lah. 

Gadda (Gadoras), a town of Palestine, bet. 
Pella and Philadelphia (13). 

Gadeni (Celtice " robbers,") a people of Bri- 
tannia Barbara, m. of the OtadenL 

Gades (Cotinussa), I. theisl. on whidi Gades 
stood. IL (Grace, Gadeira, P hemic. Gra- 
dir, " hedge,") a city of the Tnrtetani, Bse- 
tica, on Gades ins., s. of the Bsetis, con- 
nected with £r3rthea ins. by a causeway, 
and this again, later, with the mainland, 
by another causeway. Built by the Ty- 
nans 530 B.C. A colonia (Augusta Julia). 
Cadiz, 

Gadiana (Gadusena), a town of Chamma- 
nene, Cappadocise. 

Gadilonitis, Pont., i. q. Gazelonitis. 

Gaditanum Fretum, Herculis fretum, so 
named from Gades. 

Gaea, a town of the Thaditse, Arab., n. of 
Thoemor. 

G^SA, a town of Arabia, towards Persicus 
sin., s.w. of Mesanites sin. The seat of 
Jeush, son of Esau. 

G^SATES, a name of the Gauls, bet. the 
Alps and the Rhone ; so designated, either 
from a Celtic word, meaning " mercenaries," 
or from their using a particular sort of 
missile (Gasum). 

Gjsson, I. a marsh of Ionia, on Mseander fl., 
near its mouth, formed by Gaesus fl. II. 
a Tillage of Ionia, under Mycale m., s.e. 
of Neapolis, near where the Persians were 
defeated by the Spartan Leotylddes. 

GiESUS (Gessus) fl., a r. of Ionia, rising in 
Mycale m., above Priene, and frilling into 
Gseson palus. 

GiETARA, a port of Albania, n. of the mouth 
of Cyrus fl. Near Baku. 

GiETULiA, the country of the Gaetuli, Libya, 
occupying the n. portion of Libya Interior, 
on the borders of Mauritania, Numidia, 
and Africa Propria. Its population, almost 
entirely a nomad race, were variously de- 
signated Gsetuli Nigri, or Melanoi (cen- 
tral), Autololes (w.), Bagi Gsetuli (e.). S. 
Morocco f Bileldulgeridj and Sahara w. 



Gagjb, Paleopoiis, a maritime TiUage «€ Ly- 
cia, near Menafippe. AtajO'dmgh. 

Gagan^, a town of the PotolatemeB, Da- 
cia, bet Masdiana and Ad Pannonias (9). 
Fiona. 

Gaganda ins., an isl. of Meroe, in the NQe, 
below Aboccis. 

Gagasmtra, a town of the Chatriari, Indie, 
under Apocopa m., s.w. of CUsobra. 

Galabatha, a town of Mesopotamia, on the 
Euphrates, bet. Nicephorium and Alama- 
tha. 

Galabri, a tribe of Bardani, in Mme, on 
Margus fl., below Naissus. 

GalXcum, a town of the Brigantes, Brit., on 
Ituna fl., bet. Brovonacse and Verters. 
Near Kendal. 

Gal.£gia, a town of Germania, on the AlbiSi 
at the confluence of the Sala. 

Galaetophagi, apeopleof Sc3rthiai. Iraanm, 
under Aspisii m. £. 

Galapha, a town of Manritaaia Tiag., on 
Mulacha fl., towards its mouth. 

Galaria, a town of Sicily, on GamosnniB 
fl., R., w. of Adranum. (ragUano. 

Galas A, Palestine, i. q. Grerasa. 

Galata, I, a town of Sicily, w.s.w. of Aba- 
caenum. II. ins., an isL of Zeogitana, 
N.E. of Tabraca. 

Gal ATI A (Gallo-GrKcia), a country of Asia 
Min., bounded n. by Paphlagonia, s. 
by Lycaonia and Cappadoda,, w. by 
Bithynia, e. by Pontus. A porticm of 
Phrygia, occupied and named after a 
body of Gauls, consisting of Tectoaages, 
Tolistoboii, and Trocmi, who, under I^- 
norius and Latarius, separated from tiie 
army of Brennus, in Thrace, and madeiheir 
way by Byzantium, into Asia Minor, 278 
B.C. They were subsequently named Gallo- 
Grseci, from their intermixture witk the 
Greeks of Asia Minor. 

Galava (Galana, Alauna), a town of ihe 
Brigantes, Brit., bet. Corstopitam and 
Alone. Keswicic. 

Galeotis, a name of Megara Hyblea, in Si- 
cily, the people of which, reputed seers, 
were descended from Galeus, son of ApoDo. 

Galepsus, I. a town of the Pieres, Thrace, 
on Strymonicus sin. A colony of Hia- 
sians. II. of Sithonia, Macedonia, on To- 
ronaicus sin., s.e. of Sermyle. 

Galesus (Eurotas) fl., a r. of Italy, falling 
into the harbour of Tarentum. Galeso. 

Galiba prom., a pr. of Taprobane, over 

against Agara. . 
Galibi m., m. of Central Taprobane, N. of 

Malea m. 
Galil, the Scriptural name of Galilee. 
Galil^a (Galil), ** round or encompassed 



GAL 



169 



«AN 



tract," a di8feriet<of Priegtine, bownded v, hj 
Phoenicia, s. i^y fiamaria, w. by tiie Me- 
ditfirranean, x. by I^capolie, at tbe Jor- 
dan. It was di^iaded into two portions, 
G. Snp^or, or of the Grentiles, v. of B^- 
Babe, and G. Infenior, or Propria, b. 

Galtndje, a tribe of Y^nedae, il of the Go- 
thones. 

GALI.A, a town of die Mardi, Med., on Stra- 
ton fl. AmuL 

CrAfXABA, a town of Oarhoene, bet. Edessa 
and Minnooerta. 

Galubcia. Vide Caflaeda. 

Gallaicb, Thrae., i. <\. Cremua. 

GALLEStJS (Gattesium) m., a s.w. ridge of 
Corax m., above Ccdof^n. Covered with 

, pines. M. Aleman. 

Galli, generally, l^e Latin form of the Cel- 
tic Ghael ; specially, the people of Gaul. 

Gallia, I. Cisalpina, Gallia Togata, the 
northern portion of Italy, induding GraUia 
Transpadana, Gallia Cispadana, and, atone 
time all, or the greater part of, Lignria. 
Occupied first by the Etruscans, then 
circa €00 B.C., by tbe Cenomanni, and other 
invaders from Gaul (whence tbe name), 
then by the Romans, circa 100 b.c. II. 
Cispadana, theportion of Gallia Cisalpina, 
8. of Padns fl., separated from Liguria by a 
line, somewhatw. of Trebia i., from Etruria 
by the mountains of the Apuani and Ma- 
gelli, and from Umbria by Rubioo fl. III. 
CfTEmoii, Gaul on ihe nearer (to Rome) 
side of the Alps, i. q. Gallia Cisalpina. IV. 
Comata, a name given to Gallia Transal- 
pina, from the long hair worn by its popu- 
lation, v. Pajlva, i. q. Galatia ; so distin- 
goidhed by the Greeks from Gallia Euro- 
p«e. YI. ToGATA, a name given to Gallia 
Cisalpina, from its citizens having, under 
a law of Pompehis Strabo, the right of 
wearing the Toga. YII. Transpadana, 
the portion of Gallia C&salpma, n. of Padus 
fl., aeparated from Y€fnetia by Atagis 11. 
VIII. Transalpina, Braccata (" wear- 
ing trowsers "), Ulterior, Propria, Gaul 
on the further (from Rome) side of the 
Alps; bounded s. by the Alps, Mediter- 
ranean, and the Pyrenees, n. by Britanni- 
cus oceanus, w. by the Atlantic, e. by the 
Rhine and Alps. Franeey ike NetherlandSy 
and Switzerland, 

Gallica, a town of the Il^getes, Tarra- 
conensis, on Anga fl., at its confluence with 
Sicoris fl. Fragua ? 

Gallic ANUS fl., a r. of Anthemus, Macedonia, 

falling into Echedorus fl., below Grestone, 

16 m. N. from Thessalonica. Gallico. 

Galli CUM fretnm (Taphros, Fossa), I. the 

strait separating Corsica from Sardinia. II. 



the strait aq>arating Britannia from Gal- 
lia. 

Gallinaria ins., an isl. of Liguria, b. ef 
Albingauninm. Named from the abund- 
ance there of l^e Gallina Rustica, the 
partridge or rail. GalUnara. 

Gallinaria sylva, a forest of Campania, on 
the coast, above Idtemi Pakides. 

Gallit^, a tribe of Stdyes, Narbonensis, on 
Varus fl., R., above the Equiturri. Akoni 
Gillette. 

Gallus H., I. a r. of Bith3mia, rising near 
Modra, and falling into Sangarius fl., 
below Leucse. Its water was reported to 
produce a phrenetic effect, and hence the 
priests of Cybele were aumamed Galli. 
Sakaria. II. of Phrygia Parorea, falling 
into a lake not named, below Philome- 
lium. 

Gamala, "camel,'' capital of Gaulomtis 
Inferior, on Tiberias lacus, s.e., bet. Hip- 
pus N.E. and Bethsan s.w. 

Gambol A, a district of Tenesis, .Ethiopia, s. 
of Pseboa lacus. 

Gambrium (Palee Gambrium), a town of 
Ionia N., on the confine of Lydia. 

Gambrivii, a tribe of Marsi, Grermaniae. 

Gammusia (Gambria), a town of Phrygia. 

Gandarii, a people of Paropamisus, on the 
confines of Aria. 

Gangani, I. a people of Hibemia, s. of the 
Autiri. II. of India, on both banks of 
the Ganges, 8. of the Nanichse. 

Gangarid^, a port of India, at the mouth 
of the Ganges. 

Gangara, a town of Otene, Armenia, 8.s. 
of Sanora. Gandsak. 

Gange, capital of the Gangarid^se, IncBse, 
on the Ganges. 

Ganges fl., I. a r. of India, rising in 
Imaus m., N. of Catadopa, and afta*, in a 
course of 1500 m., separating Hither from 
Further India, falling into Indicum mare, 
below Aganagora, by several mouths, ac- 
cording to Virgil 7 ; according to Ptolemy 
5 or 6; but according to Strabo only 
1. Ganges. II. of Taprobane, falling 
into the sea at Solis portus. MowiU 
Gonga. 

Gangiticus sin., a bay of Indicum mare at 
the mouths of the Ganges, beti Tyndis fl. 
w. and Bessynga fl. e. Bay of Bengal, 

Gangra, a town of Paphlagonia, s. of 
Olgasys m., s.e. of Castamon. The royal 
seat of Morezus. Noted for its apples. 
Kangreh. 

Gannarium prom., a pr. of Libya, on the 
Atlantic, bet. Cusarius fl. and Oppiodes 
fl. C, Nun, 

Ganodurum, a town of the Helvetii, Maxi- 



GAN 



160 



GAU 



ma Sequanorum^ on the Rhine, near its 
ingress into Brigantinus lacus. Eschenz. 

Gangs, I. a m. of the Odrysse, Thrace, on 
the Propontis. Tekir-Dagh, II. a town 
of Thrace, under the cognominal m. Ex- 
tinct in Pliny's time. 

GA.PACH1, a people of Meroe. 

Gar A fl., a r. of the Garoceli, Alpes Pen- 
ninse. Chiara. 

Garama, capital of the Garamantes, Libya 
Int., s.w. of Saba, towards the source of 
Cinypi fl. Gkerma, 

Garam^i, a people of Chalonitis, Assyrise, 
N< of Oricus m. 

Garamantes, a people of Africa, e. of the 
Gaetuli. Fezzan^ Tuarich^ Tibboo^ and 
parts of Soudan and Bomu. 

Garaphi m., m. of Mauritania Cesar., e. 
from Siga fl. 

Garb AT A m., m. of Ethiopia, about Asta- 
pus fl. 

Garea, a town of Arcadia, on Gareates fl., 
s. of Tegea. 

Gareates fl., a r. of Arcadia, falling into 
JBnus fl. near Tegea. 

Garendani, Arabise, i. q. Larendani. 

Garganum prom., a pr. of Daunia, Apul., 
bet. Urias sin. and Sipontinus sin. Punta 
di Viesti, 

Garganus (Arion) m., a ridge of the Apen- 
nines, m ApuUa, terminating in Garganum 
prom. Monte Sanf Angela, 

Gargaphia fons, a fountain of Boeotia, on 
Cithseron m., 1^ m. from Platsea. The 
scene of Actaeon's fate. 

Gargara, I. a summit of Ida m., Troas, 30 
m. s.e. from Ilium Novum. Kaadagh, 
II. a headland of iEolis Asiatica, at the n. 
entrance of Adramyttenus sin. III. a town 
of Mysia, on Adramyttenus sin., at the 
cognominal prom. A colonia from Assus, 
augmented from Miletopolis. Its territory 
was of peculiar fertility. 

Gargarees, a people of Sarmatia, described 
as contiguous to the Amazons, and in al- 
liance with them. 

Gargarius locus, a town of the Salyes, 
Narbonensis, towards Arelate. Guar- 
guiez, 

Gargaza, Taurica Chersonesus, i. q. Cim- 
merium. 

Gargettus, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
.£geis, bet. Angele and Cephissus. The 
birth-place of Epicurus. The burial-place 
of Eurystheus. Krabato, 

Gari, a town of Parapomisus, on Sambara fl., 
n.e. of Bis. GriscA, 

Garianonum, a town of the Iceni, Brit., 
bet. the Aufona and the Garionus ffl., to- 
wards their issue. Whetacre-burgh, 



Garianus fl., a r. of the loeni, fiJling into 

the sea below Garianonum. Vare. 
Garind^bi, a people of Arabia Felix, con- 

tiguous to the Maranitse. 
Gariscus, a town of Orbelia, Pseonia, on 

the Axius fl., about Astipus. Caratova, 
Garites, a people of Aquitania, w. of 

the Rhone. Diocese de Montauban. 
Garium, a town of Paphlagonia, on the 

Euxine, e. from Zephyrium prom. 10 m. 
Garizim (Grisim) m., a m. of Samaria, over- 
looking Sichem s., whence the voice of 

Jotham was heard by the Sichemites. On 

it was a temple erected by Sauballat, in 

honour of his son-in-law Manasseh, and 

destroyed by John Hyrcanus. 
Garmias, a town of Morimene, CappadoGia, 

bet. Aspana and Parnassus. 
Garna, a port of Apulia, under Garganus 

m. 
Garoceli, a tribe of Medulli, Alpes PenninK^ 

bet. the Centrones and the Caturiges, on 

Gara fl. Val de Viu, 
GARiEAS fl., Indiae, i. q. Gurseus. 
Garsaura (Garsabora), Cappadociae, i. q. 

Orchelais. 
Garsauritis, a prefecture of Cappadoda, 

s.e. of Tattsea lac., above Tyanitis. 
Gartia fl., a r. of the Cenomanni, Gallia 

Cisalpina, running by Brixia. Garza, 
Garuli, a maritime tribe of Idguria, e. of 

the Lapidni. About Gastagnano, 
Garumna fl., a r. of Gaul, rising in the 

Pyrenees towards Aquae Onesimae and 

falling into the Atlantic at Novior^um. 

Garonne, 
Garumni, a people of Novem Populana, on 

the Garumna, R., towards its source. La 

Riviere, 
Garus m., m. of Mauritania Caesar., orN.N.E. 

continuation of Phrurasus m. 
Gasandi, Arabiae, i. q. Cassanitae. 
Gath (Gittah Hepher), a town of Dan, 

Judaea, 32 m. w. from Jerusalenu The 

birth-place of Goliath. 
Gath-Hepher, a town of Zebulun. The 

birth-place of Jonah. 
Gath-Rimmon, I. a town of Dan. II. of 

Ephraim. III. of Manasseh, s.w. of Ti- 
berias. 
Gather, a town of Arcadia, on Gatheatesfl., 

s.e. of Cromi. 
Gatheates fl., a r. of Arcadia, rising near 

Gatheae and falling into Alpheus fl. s. of 

Megalopolis. 
Gathelin Street, i. q. Watling Street. 
Gaudos ins., an isl. of Crete, near Hiera- 

pytna. 
Gaug^na (Gauraena), a town of Sargara«« 

sene, Cappadocia. 



GAU 



161 



GEL 



Gaugamela, a village of Arbelitis, Assyria, 
near Arbela. The locality of the battle of 
Arbela. Allotted (whence the name) by 
Darius Hystaspes for the maintenance of 
the camel on which he had effected his 
escape. 

Gaulita, a town of Iberia, s. of Harmo> 
zica. 

Gaulon (Golan), capital of Gaulonitis Supe- 
rior, bet. Aphek s.s.w. and Neve n.e. 

Gaulonitis (Golanitis), a district of Bashan, 
bet. the Jordan w. and Trachonitis e. It 
was divided into Superior, n.e., and Infe- 
rior, s.w. 

Gaulos, I. an isl. of Sicily, in the Mediter- 
ranean, 5 m. from Melite. Gozo, II. its 
town ; a Carthaginian colony. A munici- 
pium. 

Gaura m., a m. of the Vocontii, Viennensis, 
E. of Vologatis. 

Gaurax,£on (Gaurion), a port of Andros 
ins. Gauro, 

Gaurus m., I. a ridge of hills in Campania, 
bordering Avemus lacus. Once noted for 
its vines, now altogether barren. Monte 
JBarbaro, II. of the Troglodytae, on 
Arabicus sin. 

Gauzaca, a city of Paropamisus, bet. Ta- 
zora and Capissa. Ghazna. 

Gauzania, a town of Atropatene, Media, 
towards Phazaba. Sqfian, 

Gauzonitis, a district of Mygdonia, Meso- 
potamia, bet. Osrhoene and Mygdonia. 
Gozan. 

Gaza (Aza), I. one of the five cities of the 
Philistines, Judaea, bet. Ascalon n. and 
Jenysus s., 12 m. e. from its port Maja- 
mas. Destroyed by Alexander, again by 
Antiochus, and a tMrd time by Alexander 
Jannaeus. Ghuzzeh, II. a town of Ju- 
daea, e.n.e. of Lydda. III. (Gazaca), 
capital of Atropatene, Media, midway (90 
^eog. m.) bet. Ecbatana and Artaxata. 
Bet, Tauris and Miana. IV. a town of 
8ogdiana, on Jaxartes fl., bet. Cyreschata 
and Alexandi'ia Ultima. 

CrAZACA, Mediae, i. q. Gaza. 

Gazacena, the valley of the Iris, Pontus, 
towards its source. 

CrAZARA, Palestine, i. q. Gath. 

Gazaufula, a town of Numidia, 16 m. w. 
from Tibilis. 

Gazilon (Gadilon), capital of the cognomi- 
nal distnct in Pontus. 

Gazilonitis Regio, a district of the Leuco- 
Syri, Pontus, on Halys fl., near its mouth, 
x.w. of Phazemontis, s.w. of Amisus. 
Noted for the fine wool of its goats and 
sheep. 

Gaziouba, a royal city of Pontus on Iris fl., 



ajbove its junction with Scylax fl. Deserted 

in Strabo's time. Azumi. 
Gazorum (Zagora), postea Calippi, a mari> 

time town of Paphlagonia, 68 m. e. from. 

Gurzubanthon. 
Gazorus, a town of the Edones, Thrace» 

on Augites fl., n.e. of Myrcinus. 
Geapolis, a town of Sarmatia Asiatica, on 

Cbarienus fl., towards its mouth, s* of 

Neapolis. Gonga. 
Geba, a town of Benjamin, Judaea, bet. 

Anuath n. and Gophna s. 
Gebal, Phoenicise, i. q. Byblos. 
Gebalene, a district of Edom. DjehaL 
Gebanit2B, Arabiae, i. q. Cithabanitae. 
Gedranit^, Arabiae, i. q. Carbae. 
Gedrosia (Cedrosia), a country of Asia, 

bounded n. by Arachosia, at Baetius m., 

s. by Indicum mare, w. by Carmania at 

Persici m., e. by India, at the Indus. 

Mekran, 
Gegeta, a town of Numidia, bet. Naraggara 

and Thagura. 
Geiduni, a tribe of Morini, Belgica II., on 

the coast, s.w. of the Grudii. 
Gela, I. a r. of Sicily, falling into Afric. 

Pelagus, below Gela, bet. Calvisiana and 

Camerina. Fiume de Terra Nova, II. 

pritis Lindus, a city of Sicily, on Gela fl., 

R., i m. from its mouth. Built 600 B.C. 

by Khodian and Cretan colonists. De- 
stroyed 210 B.C. by Phintias of Agrigen- 

tum, who transferred the inhabitants to 

Phintiae. Near Terra Nova. 
Gel^, a people of Media, contiguous to the 

Cadusii. Guilan. 
Gelasium Philosophiana, a town of 

Sicily, near the source of Gelas fl., bet. 

Petihana and Capitoniana (21). Piazza, 
Gelbes (Gebes) fl., a r. of Bithynia, falling 

into Propontis, e. of Dascylium. 
Gelda, a town of the Gerri, Sarmatia As., 

at the s. mouth of Gerrus fl. Near Tarku^ 

E. 

Gelduba, a town of the Ubii, Germania I., 
on the Rhine, above Asciburgium. Built 
by Drusus. Gelb; Geloub. 

Geloi Campi, a plain of Sicily, w. of Gelo, 
3 m. from the sea, from which it was se- 
parated by a low ridge of hills. Noted for 
its extreme fertility. 

Geloni, a people of Sarmatia, on both sides 
the Tanais, at its central course. Syra- 
cusan settlers, who painted and tattooed 
their bodies and otherwise adopted the 
usages of the barbarians. 

Gelonus, postea Exopolis, capital of the 
Geloni, Sarmatia, on the Tanais, L. A 
Milesian colony. 

Gelos, a port of Peraea, Caria. 



GEL 



162 



6ER 



Gbluina, a town of Otene, Armenia, at the 
s.E. extremity of Lychnitis lac. Khegha, 

GEMELLiB, I. a town of Byzacene, bet. Capsa 
and Thala. II. of Mauritania Coesar., bet. 
Sitifis and Nova Petra. III. of Numidia, 
K.w. of Palladis lac. IV. of Sardinia, 25 
m. s. from Tibula. Claramonte. 

Geitestarium, a town of the Astores, Tar- 
raconensis, w.n.w. of Asturica Augusta. 

GsMiNiE, I. a town of the Lucenses, Tarraco- 
nensis, near the junction of Chalybis fl., 
with Minius fi. Cangas ? II. of the Tri- 
corii, Viennensis, bet. Dea Vocontiorum 
w. and Gerainse 8.E. 

Geminiacum, a town of the Aduatud, Ger- 
mania II., bet Pervidacum and Bagacum. 

GenXbum, postea Aureliani, a town of the 
Aureliani, Lugdunensis IV., on the Liger, 
bet. Salioclita n.n.e. and Avaricum s.s.e. 
Orleans. 

Genaunes {erroneously Anaunes, Naunes), 
a tribe of Euganei, Rhsetia, bet. the Brenni 
and the Vindelid, n. of Tridentum. The 
Senones of Florus. Val de Non, 

Gendos (Chrysorrhoas) fl., a river of Bi- 
ihyma. 

Genesisitis, Ponti, i. q. Genetes. 

Genesium, a town of Argolis, on Argolicus 
sin., near Apobathmi. 

GENETiBUM (Boona) prom., a pr. of Pontus, 
^ m. £. from Ciliconnesus ins. C. Vona. 

Genetes (Boona), a port of the Tibareni, 
Pontus, at the mouth of a cognominal 
river, 3 m. e. from Genetseum prom. Vona, 

Genetius (Boona), sinus, a bay of the 
Euxine, at Genetes. 

Geneva, a city of the Allobroges, Viennen- 
sis, at the s.w. extremity of Lemanus lac, 
bet. Noviodunum and Condate. Geneva, 

Gennesareth, t. e. Cinneroth, lacus (Ti- 
beriadis mare), a lake of Palestine, formed 
by the Jordan n. of the Dead Sea. In 
length about 14 m., in breadth about 7* 
Lake of Gennesaret ; Sea of Galilee. II. 
a town of Galileea, near the n. extremity 
w. of the lake, 2 m. w.n.w. from Caper- 
naum. 

Genojsi, a tribe of Molossi. 

Gensis, a town of Moesia Superior, on 
Drinus 11., towards its confluence with 
Savus fl. 

Genua, prius Antium, a maritime dty of 
the Euburiates, Liguria, bet. Ad Figlinas 
(7) and Ridna (7). Destroyed by Mago ; 
restored by Lucretius the consul. Noted 
for its timber. Genova ; Genoa. 

Genusium, a town of Japygia, s. of Ma- 
teola. Ginosa. 

Genusus 11., a r. of the Taulantii, Illyria, 
rising s.E. of Lychnitis and falling into 



-the Adriatic 14 m. n. of Apsus fl. Sconibi 
or Tobi. 

Oeorgi, a people of Sarmatia Eur., e. of 
Panticapes fl., n. of Carcinites sin. 

Gephtra, I. a town of Amphaxitis, on Axius 
fl., bet. Pella (10) and Ad Decimum (10). 
II. a village of Attica, on the Via Sacra, 
w. of Lamde. Noted for the practical 
tricks upon travellers played there. III. 
of Paphlagonia, n.w. of Antinoopolis. IV. 
of Syria, 22 m. from Gindarus. The resi- 
dence of Cadmus prior to his migration to 
Greece. 

GEPHYRiEi, a tribe of Phoenidans, from 
Gephyra, in Syria, who followed Cadmus 
into Boeotia, and settled about Oropus and 
Tanagra, which they afterwards quitted for 
Athens. 

Gepid^ (Gepides), " idle," a tribe of Goths, 
settled on the Vistula. 

Gera, a town of Chaldaea, on the Euphrates,. 
L., bet. Sura and Bethana. 

Ger^ (Erae), I. a maritime town of Ionia, 
bet. Chytrum and Teos. A Boeotian 
colony, under Geres. Erekevi. II. of the 
Zygritse, Marmarica, on the coast, bet. 
Aratu and CEnesyphira. 

Ger^a, a town of the Bracari, Tarraconen- 
sis, on Limia fl., L., towards its mouth. 

GERifiSTicus (Gerrhoides, Cherrhoides), th& 
N. port of Teos, Ionia. Named from 
Geres, its Boeotian colonizer. 

Ger^stus prom., the s. headland of Euboea. 
C. Mantelo. 

GERAiNiE, a town of the Caturiges, Vien- 
nensis, bet. Geminae n.w. and Caturige 

Gerandrus, a village of Cyprus, near Soli. 

Noted for its marble. 
Gerania, I. a fortress of Corinthia, on the 

limits of Megaris, if not actually within 

Megaris, bet. Tripodiscus and Corinth. 

II. the lughest portion of the Onset range, 

in Megaris. Palao-vouni. 
Gerar, a dty of Judaea, s.w. of Gaza. The 

seat of the earliest known Philistine king* 

dom. The locaUty of the deceit pradised 

upon Abimelech by Abraham and Isaac. 
Geraritica, a toparchy of Judaea, about 

Gerar. 
Geras (Deras), a fortress of Achaia, bet 

Sicyon and Corinthus. 
Gerasa (Rasa), I. a town of Arabia Petraea, 

towards Heshbon. II. of Gileaditis, 6geog. 

m. N. from Philadelphia. III. of Sarmatia 

Asiat., on Mseotis palus. 
Gerasas (Coeres, Grissia) fl., a r. of Dada, 

falling into the Tibiscus. 
Gerbo, a town of Meroe, on the Nile, R«» 

bet. Berethis and Patseta. 



6£R 



163 



GES 



Gereatis, a town of Marmarica, bet. Ju- 
cundia and Tetropyrgia. 

Geren, a town of Lesbos ins. Named from 
Geren, son of Neptune. 

Gereni A (Enope), a town of Messenia, n.e. 
of Cardanyle, wbere Nestor was educated. 

Gergis, a maritime village of Syrtica Regio, 
N. of Putea Pallene. 

Gergitha, I. a town of Dardania, under 
Marcseus m., e. of Dardanus, near Ery- 
thre. Tbe birth-place of Cepbalo, the 
historian. Its inhabitants were removed 
by Attains to the more southern cognomi- 
nal town. II. of Mysia, towards the 
source of Caicus fl. Founded by Attains, 
and peopled with the inhabitants of Ger- 
githa Dardanise. 

Gergithium, a town of Mysia, in the terri- 
tory of Lampsacus. Noted for its vine- 
yards. 

Gbrgovia, I. the early capital of the Arvemi, 
near Augustonemetum, s.e. Destroyed by 
Csesar. On Mt. Oergoie, II. (Gergobin- 
na, Gorgolia, Gortona), of the Boii, Lug- 
dunensis IV. , of uncertain position. 

Germa, I. a town of Lydia, bet. Pergamum 

(25) and Thyatira (33). Somma, II. 

postea Myriangeli, of the Tolistoboii, Ga- 

latia, bet. Pessinus and Myridon. A co- 

lonia of Vespasian. Verma, 

Germani, Tarraconensisi the n. portion of 
the Oretani. 

Germania, " country of war men " (Ger- 
mania Magna, Transrhenana, Transda* 
nubiana, Barbara), a country of Europe, 
bounded n. by Codanus sin., s. by the 
Danube, w. by the Rhine, and e. by the 
Vistula, though Strabo and Mela appear to 
include Noricum and Rhsetia in Germany, 
while the Bastamse, a German people, 
were e. of the Vistula. 

Germania I., a district of Gaul, bet. Germa- 
nia II. N., Maxima Sequanorum s.,Belgica 

I. w., and the Rhine e. Haut Rhifit Bos 
Rhin, Sec, 

Germania II., a district of Gaul, bet. the 
Nervii and the Fretum Gallicum w., the 
Rhine n. and e., and Belgica II. and Ger- 
mania I. s. Part of Netherlands^ 8fc. 

Germanicia (Germanicopohs), I. a town of 
Cilicia Campestris, towards Adana. II. 
(Germanicia Csesarea), /;rt«« Adata, postea 
Telesaura, of Conmiagene, Syria, under 
Amanus m. 

Germaniciana, a town of Zeugitana, bee. 
Aqua Regia (24) and iElia (16). 

Germanicopglis, I. Bithynie, i. q. Helgas. 

II. a town of Paphlagonia, bet. Gangra 
and Halya fl. Named in honour of Ger- 
manicus. 



Germanic UM mare (Germanicus Oceanus), 
I. the sea washing Germany, vf. bet. the 
mouths of the Rhine and Albis fl. II. a 
town of Vindelicia, on the Danube, netft 
Celeusum. 

Germanii, apud Herodot., a people of 
Persis. 

Germe (Hiera Germe), a town of Mysia, 
towards Apolloniatis lac. Ghirmasti. 

Germizera (Zermizirga), a town of the 
Burideenses, Dada, near Marisus fl., L./ 
bet. Blandiana and Petra (9). Kostrinz, 

Geroda, Syrise, i. q. Gerra. 

Geronteum m., am. of Arcadia, n. of 
Stymphalus. 

GERONTHRiE, a towR of the Eleuthero-Laco- 
nes, Laconia, on Selinus fl., 27 m. above 
Leucse. Founded by the Achaeans. fft'er- 
aki. 

Gerontia ins., an isl. of Thessaly, in the 
^gean, bet. Halonnesus and Scandile. 

Gerontius m., a mountain of Arcadia. 

Gerra, I. capital of the Gerrsei, Arabia 
Felix, at the head of Gerraicus sin., s.s.w. 
of Katara. Noted for houses built of salt. 
Hagar. II. (Gerrum), a maritime town 
of Lower Egypt, e. of Pelusium. III. a 
town of Meninx ins., Africse. The birth- 
place of the emperor Vibius Gallus, and of 
Volusianus. IV. (Geroda), of Syria, to- 
wards Damascus. 

Gerr^i, a people of Arabia Felix, on Per- 
sicus sin., about Gerra. On Bahr el Bah-' 
rein. 

Gerraicus sin., a bay of Arabia Felix, in 
Persicus sin., s. of Capeus sin. Bahr el 
Bahrein. 

Gerri, a port of Sarmatia Asiat., on the 
Caspian, s. of Germs fl. 

Gerrus fl., I. a r. of Sarmatia, e., falling 
into the Hypacaris fl.; according to Pliny^ 
into Mseotis palus. II. of Sarmatia A.,. 
rising from the same source with the 
Soana, and falling into the Caspian by 
several mouths, n. of Csesius fl. Koisu. 

Gerulata, a town of the Boii, Pannonia, . 
on the Danube, bet. Camuntum (14) and 
Ad Flexum. Karlburgy or Oroswar. 

Gerunda, a town of the Ausetani, Tarra- 
conens., on Alba fl., R., towards its mouth,. 
65 m. N.E. from Bardno. Gerona. 

Gerunium, I. a town of the Pentri, Sam- 
nium, bet. Teanum Apulum (18) and Ad 
Pirum (9). Taken by Hannibal, and used 
as his winter quarters. Girone. II. (Ge- 
runs), a town of Phoebotis, lUyria, w. of 
Chrysondio. 

Gerusa, a maritime town of Dandarica^ 
Sarmatise, s. of Tyrambe. 

Gesdas, a town of the ^^^^ ^k(i\. *\bt»Q!^» 



GES 



164 



GLA 



pad., on Duria Min. fl., bet. Alpis Cottia 
(5) and Ad Montem (9), on Via Aurelia. 
Sezanne. 

GE90DANUM, a town of Noricum, near Clau- 
donium. Poiten. 

Geshur, a district of Syria, e. of Jordan, 
towards Hermon m. s. 

Gesocribate, a port of the Osismii, Lug- 
dunensis III., s.w. of Vorginum. Brest. 

Gesonium, a town of the Tencterij Grerm., 
on the Rhine, over against Bonna. 

Gessoriacum, postea Bononia, a port of the 
Morini, Belgica II., w. of Taruenna. 
Boulogne. 

Get^ (Gothice, Gethan, " to get"), I. a 
people of Dacia, on the Danube, towards its 
mouth, and extending to Tyras fl. Re- 
nowned for their integrity. II. of Moesia 
Inf., along the Danube, bet. Jaterus fl. 
and Atlas fl. 

Getarum Deserta, a portion of the coun- 
try of the Getae, in Dacia, bet. Tyras fl. 
and Parata fl., towards their mouths. 

Getone ins., an islet on the coast of Troas. 

Gettis (Gath), a maritime town of Syrtica 
Reg., s. of Meninx ins. 

Getullum, a maritime town of Tripolis, 
Africse, bet. Minna and Aphora. 

Gevini, a people of Sarmatia, n. of the 
Carpiani. 

Geysa prom., a pr. of India e. Gangem, at 
the E. extremity of Magnus sinus. 

Gezatorix, a district of Paphlagonia. 

Gezer, a town of Ephraim, N.w. of Jerusa- 
lem. Rebuilt by Solomon. 

Ghaladra, i. q. Chaladra. 

Ghimes, a town of the Quad!, on Neta fl., 
N. of Celmantia. 

GHYTANiB, i. q. Chytona. 

GiBBETHON, a town of Dan. The locality 
of the death of Nadab. 

GiBEAH, I. a town of Benjamin, n. of Jeru- 
salem. The birth-place of Saul. Jebah. 
II. of Judah, Judaea, 9 m. s.w. from Jeru- 
salem. Jebah. 

GiBEON, a Levitical city of Benjamin, 6 m. 
N. of Jerusalem. Near it was the valley, 
the locaUty of the defeat of the two Ca- 
naanitish kings. El Jib. 

GiBRATA, a town of Mesopotamia, on the 
Tigris, bet. Manchane and Peloriarca. 

GiDDA, a town of Tingene, Mesopot.,on the 
Euphrates, bet. Merrhan and Belesi-bib- 
lada. 

GiGANTis, an early name of Arcadia. 

GiGARTHO fons, a stream of Samos. 

GiOARTON, a town of Phoenicia, towards 
Botrys fl. 

GiGius m., a m. of Syrtis bet. Cinypg fl. 
and Triton fl. 



GiGONUs, a town of Chalddice, Macedonia, 
at Heligonium prom. 

GiHENiNiCA, a town of the Macrones, Pon- 
tus, bet. Magnana (10) and Pylse (18). 
Ghemiahkana. 

GiHON fl., " impetuous," i. q. Oxus ; or, ac- 
cording to oth^*s, the Araxes. 

GiLBOA, I. m. of Galilsea and Samaria, ex- 
tending from Jezreel s.e. nearly to the 
Jordan. The death-place of Saul and 
of Jonathan. Djebel Gilbo, II. (Gilbus), 
a town of Galilsea, under Gilboa m. s.e. 
of Jezreel. 

GiLDA, a town of Mauritania Ting., on Subur 
fl., R., bet. Vopisciana and Aquae Dacicae 
(16). 

GiLEADiTis (Gilead, Galeed, Galeaditis), I. 
a district extending along the Jordan, L., 
from Machaerus to Gadara. Its name is 
derived from the mound or monument set 
up by Laban and Jacob, as a heap to wit- 
ness their covenant. II. a ridge of moun- 
tains, G m. s. from Jabbok fl. Noted for 
its balsam-trees. Djelaad. 

GiLGAL, I. a town of Judaea, near Shechem. 
Jiljuleh, II. of Judaea, bet. Jericho n.w. 
(2) and the Jordan (4). Here the Israel- 
ites set up their first encampment after 
passing the river ; and here the tabernacle 
was for some time kept. 

GiLiGAMMES, a people of Marmarica, s.e. of 
the Asbytae. 

GiLYA, a maritime town of Mauritania Caesar., 
bet. Castra Puerorum and Siga. 

GiMzo, a town of Judaea, bet. Lydda w.n.w. 
and Thumnath e. 

GiNDANES, a people of Syrtica Regio, w. of 
the Lotophagi. 

GiNDARUs, a town of Cyrrhestica, Syriae, 
bet. Cephyra (22) and Cyrrhus (36). 

GiNEA (Engannim, ** fountain of gardens"), a 
town of Issachar, in Galilaea, on the con- 
fines of Samaria, bet. Capercopa w. and 
Gilboa N.E., s. of Jezreel. Jenin, 

GiR fl., a r. of Africa, s.w. Om Teiman. 

GiRA, a town of Africa, on Gir fli Kaschna. 

GiRBA ins., i. q. Meninx. 

GiRATHA, Arabiae, i. q. Cargatha. 

GiRGASiT^ (Girgasaei, Gergasim), one of the 
seven tribes of Canaan, about Girgasa 
(Gadara). 

GiRGiRis m., m. of Africa, the s. boundary 
of Tripolis. 

GiRGis, Africae, i. q. Hidaphtha. 

GiscALA, a town of Palestine, n.w. of Se- 
phet. 

GizAMA, a town of Osrhoene, n.e. of Con- 
stantia. 

Glandomirum, i. q. Grandimirum. 

Glanovenda (Clanoventa, Glannabenta), a 



GLA 



165 



GOR 



town of the Brigantes, Brit., bet. Vindo- 

mora and Vinovium. Ellenb'orovgh, 
Glanum Livii, a town of the Desuviates, 

Viennensis, bet. Ernagine w. and Pisanae 

s.E. St. Remi. 
Glaphyrjs, I. a town of Cilicia Campestris, 

on a eognominal stream, 4 m. from Tarsus. 

II. of Pelasgiotis, Thessaly, on the w. shore 
of Baebe lacus, n. of Bsebe. 

Glari, a people of Arabia Felix, towards 
Asaborum prom. About Dsjulfar. 

GiiAUCANiCiE (Glausse), a people of India, 
towards Acesines fi. 

Glauce, Glaucia, a port of Ionia, under 
Mycale m., over against Posidium prom. 

Glauci, a demus of Lycia. Named from the 
hero Glaucus. 

Glaucum prom., a pr. of Marmarica, w. of 
Cheimo. 

Glaucus fi., I. a r. of Achaia, rising in Pana- 
chaicus mons, and falling into Corinthia- 
cus sin., s.s.w. of Patrae. Leuka. II. of 
Armenia, rising in Paryadres m., and with 
Lycus il. forming Apsarus fl. Ichorokson, 

III. of Caria, falling into Glaucus sin. 
Meis, IV. (Cludrus), of Phrygia Magna, 
rising e. of Eucarpia, and falling into 
Mseander fl., w. of Peltae. V. Sinus, a bay 
of the Mediterranean, at Dsedala. Macri, 

Glecon, a town of Phocis, near Panopeus. 
Glemona, a town of the Cami, Venetia, on 

Tilavemptus fl. Gemona. 
GiiESSARiA (Austravia) ins., one of the 

Electrides ins., Germ., s.w. of the mouth 

of Amisia fl. Ameland. 
Glessari^ (Glessum, ^* amber,*' from gins. 

Germ. " transparent'') ins., the Roman 

name of the Electrides ins. 
Glevum (Clevum, Glebon, Caer Gloew, 

Gleau ceaster), a town of the Dobuni, 

Brit., on Sabrina fl., L., n.w. of Duro- 

oomovium. A colonia (Claudia Castra). 

Gloucester. 
Glissas, a town of Boeotia, under Hypaton 

m., N.E. of Thebes. In ruins in Pausa- 

nias' time. 
Glykys portus, " port of sweet water," a 

harbour of Epirus, at the mouth of the 

Acheron fl. Glyki. 
Glympes (Gljrppia), a town of Laconia, near 

the source of Marios fl., above Marios. 

Cosmopoli. 
Glyphia, Lacon., i. q. Glympes. 
Gnossus, prius Cseratus and Trilla, the 

capital of Crete, established as such by 

Minos, on Cseratus fl., 23 m. n.e. from 

Gortys. Here was the famous laby- 
rinth. Longa Candia. 
GoARis fl., a r. of Arica, India, falling into the 

sea 15 geog. m. from the Namadus. Tapti. 



GoB^A, a town of Arabia Felix, at Asabo- 
rum prom. N. Cuscan, 

Gob, i. q. Gezer. % 

GoBANNiuM (Bannio, Abergavenium, Aber- 
genium), a town of the Silures, Brit., on 
Gobannius fl., w. of Blestium. Aber^ 
gavenny. 

Gobannius fl., a r. of the Silures, Brit., 
flowing by Gobannium into the sea. Ga- 
venny. 

Gobjsum prom., a pr. of the Osismii, Lug- 
dunensis III., w. of Coriallum. Cap Go- 
bestan. 

God AS A (Gundusa), a town of Armenia Alin., 
bet. Eumeis (30) and Zoana (23). 

GoDiRTHA, a town of Palmjrrene, on the 
Euphrates, bet. Rahaba and Circesium. 

GoGANA, a town of Persis, near the mouth 
of Areon fl. Roncun. 

Gogarene, a district of Armenia Maj., on 
the borders of Colchis and Iberia. Noted 
for its abundant harvests. Gugarkh. 

Gogari, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, to- 
wards Cissii m. 

Golgi, a Phoerudan town of Cyprus, ante- 
rior to Cyprus. Colonized by Sicyonians, 
under Golgus. 

GoMADiEORUM ius., islauds of the Troglo- 
dytae, in the Red Sea, n. of Satyrorum 
prom. Daradata and Dolcofallar. 

GoMERA ins., i. q. Capraria. 

GoMPHi, a city of Estiaeotis, Thessaly, on 
Peneus fl., bet. ^ginium and Tricca. 
Cleisoura. 

GoNDALi, a people of India i. Gangem, 
under Uxentus m. 

GrONGYLUS fl., a r. of Laconia, falling into 
^nus fl. at Sellasia. 

GoNNiA,.a town of Marmarica, bet. Medra 
and Cardu. 

Goj^NOCONDYLON (Olympias, Condylon), a 
fortress of Perrhsebia, Thessaly, near Gon- 
nus, on Peneus fl., L., one of the four 
fortresses which guarded the defile of Tempe. 

GoNNus (Gonni, Gonussa), a fortress of Per- 
rhaebia, Thessaly, on Peneus fl., L., one of 
the four which guarded the defile of Tempe, 
20 m. N.E. from Larissa. The birth-place 
of Antigonus Gonatas. Crania. 

GoNOESSA, Achsea. Vide Donusa. 

GoNTiANA, a town of Mauritania Tingit, 
N.w. of Babba. 

'GoPBNA (Gufha), a town of Benjamin, in 
Judaea, 15 m. n. of Jerusalem. Jifna. 

GoPHNiTiCA, a toparchy of Judaea, about 
Gophna. 

GoRDA, a town of Arabia Felix, under 
Zames m. Aarud. 

GordYtanum prom., the n.w. extremity of 
Sardinia. Capo di Monte Falcone. 



GOR 



166 



6RA 



GoRDiuM, the early name of Juliopolis in 
Bithynia. 

GoRDii^TiCHOS, a town of Caria, near Aphro- 
disias. Founded by Gordius, son of Midas. 

GoRDUs, I. a town of ^olis Asiat., n. of 
Adramyttium. II. of Lydia, on or near 
Hyllus 11., 48 m. e. from Thyatira. Sur- 
named Julia Gorda in compliment to 
Augustus. Ghiurdiz. 

GoRDTCEi m., i* q* Carduchi. 

GoRDYENE (Gordene, Corduene), a district 
of Armenia Major, on the Tigris, L., ex- 
tending into Assyria, e. of Gordysei m. 

GoRDYNESiA, a district of Gordyene, Armen., 
bet. Nymphseus fl. and Centrites fl., about 
Tigranocerta. 

GoRGiPPiA, capital of Sindica, Sarmat., near 
the Euxine, bet. Sinda and Bate. 

GoRGUiA, a town of Samos. 

GoROODYLENA, a district of Armenia Maj., 
under Niphates m. 

GoRGus, I. (Delas, Diabas, Zillas), a r. of 
Assyria, falling into the Tigris near Ctesi- 
phon N. Diala, II. a fortress of Arcadia, 
towards Telphusa. 

GoRNiJs, a town of Otene, Armenia, n.e. of 
Artaxata. Garkni. 

GoRTYNTA, a town of Emathia, Macedonia, 
8. of Idomene. 

GoRTYNius fl., a r. of Arcadia, rising near 
Thison, and falling into Alpheus fl. at 
Rhetese. Remarkable for its excessive 
coldness. Towards its source it was called 
Lusius, as the stream in which the in&nt 
Jupiter was washed. Atchicolo, 

GoRTYS (Gortjma), I. a town of Arcadia, on 
Gortynius fl., s. of Megalopolis. Its in- 
habitants removed to Megalopolis. At- 
chicolo Castro. II. prius Larissa, the 
second city of Crete, on Lethseus fl., 23 m. 
s.w. from Gnossus, ll| n. from Lebena. 
A Pelasgic city, enlarged by Gortys, son of 
Rhadamahthus. 

GoRzuBiLA, a town of Taurica Chersonesus, 
near Chersonesus. 

Goshen, I. a district of Egypt, bet. the 
Pelusiac branch of the Nile and the Red 
Sea. The land given to his father by 
Joseph. II. a town of Judah. 

GoTHiNi (Cogni), a tribe of Burii, German., 
N. of the Visburgii. 

GoTHONES (Guttones), a people of Germania 
Magna, on the Vistula, R., towards its 
mouth, N. of the Lygii. 

GoTTOLENGi, a people of Gallia Cispadana, 
towards Brixia. About Godolazzo, 

GozAN, a r. of Media, fidling into the Cas- 
pian. Kizzal Ozan. 

Gracurris, prius lUurcis, a town of the 
Vascones, Tarraoonensis, near the Iberus, 



above Cascantum. A colonia and muni- 
cipium. Enlarged and new-named by 
Sempronius Gracchus, in memory of his 
conquest of the Celtiberi. Agreda, 

Grades ins., an isl. of Crete. 

Gradus, the port of Aquilea, at the mouth 
of Natisus fl. Porto di Grado. 

Gr^ba, I. the country of the Grasei, in 
Pseonia, n.e. of Orbelia. II. a name given 
to Poemandria inBoeotia by its Gephyrean 
occupants. 

Gr^as-Gony prom., a pr. of Marmarica, 
w. of Calamseum prom. 

Gr^ci, a tribe of Pelasgi in Epirus, bet. 
Dodona and Achelous fl., whose name the 
Latins applied to the whole of Greece. 

Gr^ecia, I. (Hellas, biblice J a.\an)f a country 
of Europe, bounded n. by Macedonia, s. 
by the Mediterranean, w. by the Ionian 
Sea, E. by the JBgean. It was divided 
into Grsecia extra Peloponnesum, s., and 
Grsecia Propria, n. of the Isthmus of 
Corinth. II. a name given to the district 
about Massilia. 

Gr^cia Propria, a region of Europe, 
bounded n. by the limits of Athamania 
and Thessaly, s. by Corinthiacus sinus and 
Corinthia, w. by Arachthus fl. and^the 
Ionium mare, e. by the ^gean. It com- 
prehended Thessaly, Acamania, ^tolia, 
Doris, Locris, Phods, Boeotia, Megaris, 
Attica, Euboea, Athamania. 

Grammos m., a m. of Macedonia, at Orestia. 

Grampius (Grantzbain) m., m. of Britannia 
Barbara. Memorable for the defeat of 
Galgacus by Agricola. 

Grandimirum, a town of the Artabri, Tar- 
raconensis, at the mouth, R., of Ulla fl., 
22 m. s. from Ad Duos Pontes. , 

Grandesia, a town of the Lend, Gallise. 
Grand, 

Grandis, a town of L3rncus, Macedonia, 
bet. Melitonus (14) and Cellae (14), on the 
Egnatia Via. 

Graniacum prom., a pr. of Corsica, S.E. 
above Rubra. Punta St, Paolo. 

Granicus fl., a r. of Mysia, rising in Coty- 
lus m., and falling into Propontis, 27 m. s. 
of Priapus. Memorable for the defeat of 
the Persians by Alexander, B.C. 334, and 
of Mithridates* army by Lucullus. IHmo- 
iiko. 

Graniriana, a town of theTriballi, Moesiay 
on Margus fl., R., bet. Praesidium Pompeii 
and Naissus. 

Granis fl., a r. of Persis, fedling into Persicus 
sin. N. of Padargus fl. 

Grannonum, a port of the Bajocasses, Lug- 
dunensis II., n. of Augustodurum. 

Granua fl., a r. of the Quadi, Saimatia 



GRA 



167 



GYN 



Eur., fialling into the Danube at Anabum. 
Gran. 
'Graosoala, a town of Phrygia, near Charax. 
G&ASSE, a town of Zeugitana, n.w. of Adru- 
metum, 10 geog. m. tcom Carthago. Para' 
dise. 
Grastillus (PrastUlos), a town of Mace- 
donia. 
Gratianopolis, Gallise, i. q. Cularo. 
Graviac2B, a town of theTaurisci, Noricum, 
bet. In Muro (17) and Beliandmm. 
Pridlet. 
Gravinum, a town of the Caleti, Lugdu- 

nensis II., n.e. of Juliobona. 
Gravis m., a m. of. the JEqui, bet. Vinese 

(6) and Carbonarius m. (10.) 
Gravisc^, "unhealthy," the port of 
Tarquinii, in Etruria, at the mouth of 
Minio fl., bet. Rapinium and Marta fl. 
A colonia 183 B.C. Torre di Cometo. 
Gravionarium (Gravisnarium), a town of 
the Chatti, Germ., s.e. of Nuaesium. Near 
Bruchenau. 
Gridinus fl., Bactriana, i. q. Tearus. 
Grinario, a town of German. Mag., bet. 
Samulocena (22) and Clarenna. Mengen, 
Grinnss, a town of the Batavi, at the con- 
fluence of the Vahalis and Mosa. Near 
' Drutnel, 

Griselum (Aquae Griselicse), a town of the 
Reii, Narbonensis, on the Druentia, s.w. 
of Iteii Apoliinares. Greoul. 
-Grius m., a ridge of hills in Caria, extending 
from the s. shore of Latmicus sin. to 
Euromus. Identified by some writers as 
the Phthira m. of Homer. 
Groaris ins., one of the Echinades ins. 
-Grontchia campus, a plain of Bithynia, on 
the shore of Bosporus Thradus, s. of Amy- 
cus. 
<7ROvii, a tribe of Lucenses, Callsecia, bet. 

Minius fl. and the Artabri. 
-Grudii, a tribe of Morini, Belgica II., on 
the coast, at the mouth, s. of Tabuda 
ostium. About Groede. 
CrRUMBESTiNi, the peoplo of Grumum in 

Peucetia. 
Grumentum, a town of Lucania, on Aciris 
fl., R., bet. Auxia (18) and Nerulum (27). 
Saponara. 
Grumum, a town of Peucetia, Apul., near 

Palio. Grumo. 
Grunai, a tribe of Sacse. 
Grylius fl., a r. of JBolis Asiat., falling into 

the jfEgean opposite Lesbos. 
GRTNiCUM (Grynea), one of the twelve cities 
of iEolis Asiat., on Elseaticus sin., 5 m. s. 
from Elaea, 5 m. e. from Myrina. Sacred 
to Apollo Grynseus. Calabak-hissar. 
Glisselik, 



Gugerni, a people of Germania II., on the 

Rhine, bet. the Batavi and the UbiL 
GuizA, a fortress of Mauritania Caesar., 11 
m. from Portus Magnus. Giza, near 
Oran. 
GuLus fl., a r. of Mauritania, w. of Amp* 

sagas fl. 
Gumathene, a district of Sophene, Arm.^ 

about Amida. 
GuNARiA campus, a plain of Paphlagonis^ 

near Castamon. 
GuNDusA, a town of Pontus, s. of Halys fl* . 

bet. Eumaea and Zoana. 
GuNTiA, I. a r. of Vindelicia, falling' into the 

Danube at Guntia. Guntz. II. a town of 

Vindelicia, on« Guntia fl., at its confluence 

with the Danube, bet. Pomo and Piniana 

Castra. Guntzburg, 
GuNUGis, a maritime town of Mauritania 

Csesar., bet. Caesarea (12) and Cartilis. A 

colonia of Augustus. Palomas, 
GuR^us (Groraeus) fl., i. q. Choaspes. 
GuRBiTA, a town of the Pelagones, Mace* 

donia, bet. Stobi (8) and Ad Cephalon 

(13). 
Gurgures m., hills of Sabinium, bet. Reate 

and Tribula Sufiena. Noted as Aeep 

pastures. 
GuRiAKA, a town of Margiana, bet. Susia 

and Alexandria Margiana. 
GuRRA, a town of B3rzacene, bet. Ulisippira 

and Hadrumetum (7)> 
GuRTiANA, a town of Valeria, Pannon., on 

Volcea lac, n.e. bet. Corsio and Vallis 

Carminiana, 43 m. s. from Bregetio. 
GuRULis, I. surnamed Nova, a town of Sar- 
dinia, bet. Cornus and Macopsisa. Padria* 

II. surnamed Vetus, of the Caracenses, 

in Sardinia, on Temus fl., n. of GuruliB 

Nova. Sassari. 
GuRzuBANTHON (Orgibatc), a maritime towii 

of Paphlagonia, 18 m. s.e. from Carusa. 
GusAUPALA, a town of Numidia, on Abus 

fl., bet. Ad Rubras and Tipasa. 
GuTTALUS fl., a r. of Sarmatia Europ., fedling ^ 

into Sarmaticus oc. Pregel, 
Gtaros (Gyrae) ins., an island of the .^Igean, 

one of the Cydades, bet. Ceos and Tenos, 

in circuit 12 m. A place of banishment 

for Roman criminals. Ghioura, 
Gyg^a palus, postea Coloe, an artificial lake 

of Lydia, bet. Thyatira and Sardes (5). 

Near it, towards Sardes, was the celebrated 

tomb of Alyattes. L. Mermere or Ghenl* 
Gymnasia, *' skilful with the sling,'' a name 

of Baleares ins. 
Gymnias, a dty of Armenia, near the s. 

source of Cyrus fl. Gole, 
Gyndes (Delas, Dialas) fl., a r. of Assyria, 

rising in Media, towards Ecbatana? a&^ 



GYN 



168 



UJEM. 



ftlling into the Tigris about Ctesiphon. 
Cyrus, enraged with the river because one 
of his favourites was drowned in it, or be- 
cause it retarded his march, divided it into 
360 channels. Kerah. 

Gtm^copolis, a town of Lower Egypt, on 
the Canopic branch of the Nile. 

Gtpsara (Ceecih portus), a port of Mauri- 
tania Caesar., bet. Artisiga and Siga. 

Gtpsaria, a town of Idumea, towards 
Hebron. 

Gtpsitis ins., an isl. of JBthiopia, s. of 
Dioscurum portus. 

Gyres 11., a r. of Melitene, Cappadoda, 
running into Euphrates fl. towards Meli- 
tene. • 

Gtrine (Tyrine) ins., an isl. of Carmania, 
8. of Organa ins. 

Gtrosene, a town of the Oretani, Tarra- 
conensis, near Castulo. 

Gyrton, prius Phlegya, a city of Perrheebia, 
near the junction of Titaresius fl. with 
Peneus fl. 

Gtrtona, a town of Stymphalia, in Mace- 
donia, on the confines of Epirus, near 
Aeas fl. Konitza. 

Gttarium, a town of Tyanitis, in Cappa- 
docia, near Podandus. 

Gythium, the port of Sparta, at the head 
of Laconicus sin., w. bet. Las (5) and Tri- 
nasus, 30 m. s. from the capital. Founded 
by Hercules and Apollo. Palaeopolu 



H. 

Habar, a town of Media, near Gozan fl., 
In the district about it the tribes of Israel 
were located. Abhar. 

Habitancum, a town of the Otadeni, Maxima 
Csesar., s. of Bremenium. 

Hachilah, a fortress of Judaea, s. A retreat 
• of David. 

Hactara, a town of the Oretani, Tarra- 
conensis, n.e. of Acci. 

Hadadrimmon, '* garden of pomegranates,'' 
a town of Galilsea, bet. Jezreel (10^ and 
Ciesarea Palsestina (17)* The death-place 
of Josiah. 

Hadgram, a district of Aad, Arabia, subse- 
quently occupied by the Adramitse. 

Hadoramum prom., Arabise, i. q. Coro- 
damum. 

Hadrach, a district of Syria, near Damascus. 

Hadria (Hatria), I. a Tyrrhenian city of 
Picenum, bet. Vomanus fl. and Matrinus 
fl., 7 miles from the sea, s.e. of Interamna. 
A colony from Hadria, Venetia, strengthen- 



ed {circa 390 B.C.) by Syracusan immi- 
grants, fugitives from Diouysius, headed 
by the historian Philistus. A colonia 290 
B.C. Atri. II. of the Veneti, Venetia, on 
Hadrianus fl., L., at one time near its 
mouth, at present 18 m. inland. Founded 
by the Pelasgi, under Diomed, 1376 b.c. 
Destroyed 414 b.c, but restored. It gave 
name to the Adriatic. Hadria. 
Hadriani, a town of Mysia, on Rhyndacus 
fl., R., N.E. of Blaundus. The birth-place 
of Aristides, the rhetorician. Edrenos. 
Hadriani Murcs (Vallum), I. a wall of Bri- 
tain, constructed by Hadrian, bet. Vedra 
sestuar. and Ituna sestuar. (80), separating, 
at that period, Britannia Barbara from 
Britannia Romana. The Picts* WalL 
II. of Germania, constructed by Hadrian, 
from Msenus fl., below Locoritum, to the 
Danube at Artobriga. 
Hadrianopolis, I. a town of Bithynia, on 
Billaeus fl., R., above Clitse. Founded by 
Hadrian. Boli. II.j90«/eaJustinianopolis, 
of Chaonia, bet. Amantia (55) and Elseus 
(24). Built by Hadrian, restored by Jus- 
tinian. Drinopoli. III. (Hadriane), of 
Pentapolis Cyrenaicse, bet. Berenice (28) 
and Teuchira (18). Built or enlarged by 
Hadrian. IV. of Pisidia. V. pritia Ores- 
tis Uskudama, a town of the Odryste, 
Thrace, at the confluence of Tonskus 
fl. with Hebrus fl. Rebuilt and renamed 
by Hadrian. Edrene: Adrianople. VI. a 
name given, under Hadrian, to Neo-Cse- 
sarea, in Pontus. 
Hadrianorum paludes, marshes at the 

mouth of Padus fl., about Hadria. 
HADRIANOTHER2B, a towu of Mysia, bet. 
Pergamum (8) and Miletopolis. A hunting- 
retreat of the emperor Hadrian. Trikaki, 
Hadrianus ager, the district of Hadria, 
Picenum. It was for some time an inde- 
pendent state. 
Hadriaticum (Hadriaticus sinus) mare, a 
gulf of the Mediterranean, washing the 
shores of Macedonia and lUyria E. and oi 
Italy w. In St. Paul's time, the appella- 
tion was also applied to the sea bet. Crete 
and Sicily. Named from Hadria, or, ac- 
cording to some antiquaries, from flie 
Greek adroSj " vehement." Adriatic, 
Hadrumetum (Adrametum, Adryme, Al- 
drume), a maritime city of Byzacene, bet 
Horrca Cselia and Leptis Min. (18.) A 
Phoenician settlement. A colonia of Tnjan. 
Named Justiniana by Justinian, and Her»- 
clea by Heraclius. Hercla. 
HjSMONiiB, a town of Arcadia, e. of Lado- 
cea. Founded by Hsemon, son of Lycaon. 
Hi£M0S, Egypti, i. q. Heroopolis. 



H^M 



169 



HAL 



HiBMUS m., a range of m., the e. continua- 
tion of Bertischus m., dividing Thrace 
from Moesia, and extending to the w. coast 
of the Euzine. Emineh Dagk^ or Balkan. 

Hagareni (Agrsei), a people of Arabia, 
Tariously situated in Arabia Deserta, and 
in Arabia Felix, on the .shores of Persicus 
sin. The descendants of Hagar and Ish- 
mael. BahreiUj See. 

HAGGiB VicuSy a port of the Hamirei, Ara- 
bi8B, N.B. of Ausara. Seger, 

'B.xuB.y " salt/' a town of Boeotia, on Opun- 
tins sin., at the m. of Platanius fl. Alachi. 

Ha]1£, I. sumamed Araphenides, a demus 
of Attica, of the tribe ^Egeis, on the 
^gean, near Araphen. Pitchery. ll.«ttr- 
named Axonides, a demus of Attica, of the 
tribe Cecropis, on Saronicus sinus, close to 
Axone ; with large salt-works. Bari, 
III. a town of Crete. 

Hajlah, Assyriae, i. q. Calah. 

Halala, Cappadocise, the early name of 
Faustinopolis. • 

Halazia, the early name of Dascylimn, 
Bithynise. 

Halctone, a town of the Malienses, Thes- 
saly. 

Haleja fl., Paphlagonise, i. q. Zalecus. 

Halsporis (Heloris, Elorus) fl., a r. of 
Bruttium, falling into Locrensis sin., bet. 
Altanum (24) and Decastadium (22). 
Noted for the defeat of the Magna-Grecian 
allies by Dionysius the Elder, 307 b.c. 
Callipari, 

Hales (Halesus) fl., a r. of Ionia, rising in 
Gallesus m., and falling into Ionium mare 
8. of Colophon. Its water was extremely 
cold. 

Halesium campus, a plain of Troas, on the 
coast, furnishing salt to the works at Tra- 
gaste. Its springs ceased their supply 
daring the continuance of a tax laid 
upon salt by Lysimachus. Near Tusla. 

Halex fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 
Siculum mare, w. of Caidnus fl. At one 
time the boundary of the territories of 
liOcria and Rhegium. The cicadse on its 
Locrian side were always chirping, on the 
other bank always mute. Alece, 

Haliacmon fl., a r. of Macedonia, rising in 
CanaloVii m., and falling into Thermaicus 
on. at Alarta. Inje Carasou. 

Haliabtus, a town of Boeotia, on the s. 
shore of Copais lac, at the w. mouth of 
Termessus fl., 15 m. n.w. from Thebes. 
Stigmatized for stupidity. The death-place 
of the Spartan Lysander. Noted for its 
darts and musical pipes. Destroyed by 
liocretias, the preetor. 

Halicasnabbus, prius Ziphyria and Isth- 



mus, capital of Caria, at the s. extremity 
of Ceramicus sin., opposite Arconnesus 
ins. Founded by a colony from Troezene> 
under Anthes. Famous for the tomb of 
Mausolus, one of the seven wonders of the 
world. The birth-place of Herodotus, of 
Dionysius Halicarnassus, and of the poet 
Heraclitus. Destroyed and restored by 
Alexander the Great. Boudroun. 

Halice, a district of Cilicia Campestris, 
about Augusta. 

Halicus, a town of Cilicia Campestris. 

Halicyrna (Licyma), the port of Calydon» 
^tolia, under Taphiassus m. 

Halisarna, a fortress of Cos, near Laceter 
prom. 

Haliusa ins., an isl. of Argolis, in Her- 
mionicus sin., near Bucephala prom. 

Halizones (Alazones), a tribe of Mysians, 
the early inhabitants of the coast of Bithy- 
nia and Pontus. 

Halmus fl., Amien., i. q. Araxes. 

Halmydessus, Thracise, i. q. Salmydessus. 

Halmyris lac, I. an inland bay of theEuxine, 
at Halmyris, Moes., near the s. mouth of 
the Danube. Rozel See. II. (Salmo- 
rude), a town of Moesia Inf., on Halmyris 
lac, w. bet. Salsovia and Vallis Domitiana. 
Babadag ? 

H alone ins., an isl. of Ionia, over against 
iEsepus fl. Noted for an excellent harbour. 
Aloni. 

Halonnesus ins., I. an isl. of Ionia, bet. Ar- 
gennum prom, and Corycum prom. 11. of 
Thessaly, in the iEgean, n.e. of Scopelos 
ins. Chelidromi. III. the town of the 
latter isl., on the s. coast. Chelidromi, 

Haluns, a town of Arcadia, on Ladon fl., 
L., above Oryx. 

Halus, Assyria, either Artemita itself, or a 
small town close to it. 

Halyce, a town of Argolis, on Hermionicus 
sin., N.E. of Hermione. In ruins in 
Pausanias' time. Aleki, 

Halycise, a tovm of Sicily, near the source of 
Sossius fl. 

Halycis a district of Argolis, on Hermio- 
nicus sin., bet. Hermione and Scyllseum 
prom. 

Halycus fl., a r. of Sicily, falling into 
the sea at Heraclea. Platani. 

Halys fl., quasi " salt-pits," a r. of Asia 
Minor, formed by two streams (one rising 
in Scordiscus m., s.e. of Nicopolis, the 
other in Taurus m., towards the source of 
Sarus fl.) which, uniting, intersect Galatia, 
and, separating Paphlagonia from Pontus, 
fall into the Euxine n.w. of Amisus. 
It was the e. limit of the empire of Croesus. 
Kizil'Ermak, 



HAM 



170 



HAZ 



Ham^, a place in Campania, bet. Atella and 

Cumae (3), where the Capnans assembled 

for certain religious celebrations. 
Hamath, Galilsea, i. q. Emmaus. . 
Hamaxanteia, a demus of Attica, of the 

tribe Hippothoontis. 
Hamaxia, a town of CiUcia, near Jotape. 
Hamaxitus, ** highway," I. a town of Caria, 

on Doridis sin. II. of Troas, on the coast, 

above Lectum prom. 
Hamaxobii, a name of the Agathyrsi, Sar- 

matse, from their custom of living in 

waggons. 
Hamirei, a people of Arabia, on the s. 

coast^ £. of the Toani (xebanitse. Descend- 
ants of Hamyar, grandson of Joktan. 

About Has Hamier. 
HAMMiEUM littus, a portion of the shore of 

Arabia Felix, w. of Thamar fl. About 

Maham. 
Hammamum, a town of Phazania, s.e. of 

Garama. 
Hammenum, a town of the Triballi, Moesia, 

bet. Ad Herculem and Ad Fines. 
Hanes, a city of Eg3^t, upon an isl. of the 

Nile, s. of Memphis. 
Hannibalis ins., an islet of Balearis Maj., s. 

opposite Palma. 
Hapharaim, a town of Galilsea. 
Haran, Mesopotamia, i. q. Charan. 
Harma, ^* chariot,'' I. a demus of Attica, of 

the tribe JEgeis, n.w. of Phyle. II. a 

town of Boeotia, bet. Thebes and AuUs. 

One of the places claiming to be the scene 

of Amphiaraus' fate. 
Harm^um, the port of Harma, Boeotia, on 

the Euripus, s. of Aulis. 
Harmastis, i. q. Harmozica. 
Harmatela, a town of the Brachmanes, 

India. 
Harmatotrophi, a people of Bactriana^ 

near the Oxus. 
Harmatus prom., a pr. of ^olis Asiatica, 

the N. entrance of Elseaticus sin., opposite 

Hydra prom. (10.) 
Harmonia, a town of Macedonia II. 
Harmoza, capital of Harmozia, Carmanise, 

on the coast. Near M%nau. 
Harmozia, a district of Carmania, on the 

coast, about the mouth of Ananis fl.« 
Harmozica (Harmastis, Armatica), capital 

of Iberia, near the Cjrrus, R., towards 

lieumara. Armazi'Tsikhe, 
Harmozon prom., a pr. of Carmania, bet. 

Saganus fl. and Sabis fl., near Harmoza. 

Cape Kuhestek. 
Harod, a fountain of Jezreel, under Gilboa 

m. 
Harosheth, a town of Naphthali, near 

Hazor. The dty of Sisera. 



Harpagium (Harphagia), a place in Mysia, 
E. of Priapus, whence Ganymede was car- 
ried off. 

Harpasa, a town of Caria, or Harpasus fl., 
near its junction with Mseand^ fl. 
HarpaZ' Calessi. 

Harpasus fl., I. a r. of Caria, foiling into 
Maeander fl. at or near Harpasa. Harpaz. 

II. (Harpagus), of Siracene, Armen., foil- 
ing into the Araxes. Akburean, Arpa* 

III. (Harpessus), of Thrace, rising in 
Rhodope m., n.w. of Nicopolis, and falling 
into Hebrus fl. at Hadrianopolis. Arda. 

Harpii, a people of Dada, bet. the Tyms 

and the Parata, n. of the Britolacae. 
Harpinna, a town of Pisatis, Elis, on Al- 

pheus fl«, near its junction with Harpin- 

nates fl., 1 m. s. from Olympia. Founded 

by j^nomaus. 
Harpinnates fl., a r. of Pisatis, Elis, falling 

into Alpheus fl. near Harpinna. 
Harpis, a town of Sarmatia, near the N. 

mouth of the Danube. Near Adschud, 
Harplia, a town of Laconia, at the foot of 

Taygetus m., 2J m. s. from Derrhium. 
Harpon^e ins., isl. of Etruria, over againit 

the mouth of Umbro fl. Formiche. 
Harpys fl., a later name of Tigres fl., Elid.^ 

from the death in it of one of the Harpies. 
Hassi (Bassi), I. a people of Belgica. Placed 

by D AnviUe in the district of Haiz, in the 

diocese of Beauvais. II. of Grermania. In 

Hesse, 
Hasta, I. a town of Etruria, on Via Aurelia, 

bet. Telamon (8) and Umbro fl. (2). Castel 

Marino. II. of the Ilvates, Ligurlh, on 

the coast, bet. Ad Nayalia (7) and Ad 

Figlmas (3). Voliri. 
Hatera, a town of Pieria, Macedoniie, 12 

m. N.w. from Dium. Hateri. 
Hatita, a town of Batansea, bet. Gadda s.w. 

and Thantia n.e. 
HATRiE (Bethatrse, Bematra), capital of the 

Atreni, Mesopotamise, towards the Eu- 
phrates, S.E. of Singara. Sacred to the 

sun. Haider. 
Hatrianus (Tartarus) fl., a r. of Venetia, 

rising s. of Verona, and falling, with 

Athesis fl., into Fossa Philistina bdow 

Hatria. Tartaro, 
Hauran, i. q. Auranitis. 
Havilah, land of, I. Colchis. II. the oomi- 

try about the mouth of the Euphrates. 

Named from Havilah, son of Cush. 
Havoth-Jair, a district of Gileaditis, with 

thirty towns, the property of the thbiy 

sons of Jair. 
Hazarmaveth, a region of Arabia Fdix, 

towards the s. coast ; a portion of Aad. 
Hazezon - Thamara, ^'Hazezon of tlM 



HAZ 



171 



HEL 



Palm Trees" (Thamarus), a town of Si- 
meon, on the s. confines of Judsea. 

Razor, I. (Haza, Hadata, Hazor Kaine), a 
town of Judah, Judsea, n.e. of Ascalon. 
II. (Aza, Azonis), a dtj of Naphthali, near 
the sources of the Jordan, s.w. of Laish, 
''the capital of all the kingdoms n. of 
Palestine." Destroyed by Joshua. There 
was a Hazor in Arabia, identified by some 
with Petra. 

Heba, a town of Commagene, on the Eu- 
phrates, bet. Barzula and Cholmadara. 

Hebrides ins., i. q. Ebudae. 

Hebron {prius Kirjath Arba, Mamre), a 
city of Judah^ 26 m. s. from Jerusalem. 
Founded circa 2204 b.c. The locality 
where Abraham received the angels. El 
Khalilf Hebroun, 

Hebrus 11., a r. rising in Haemus m., at the 
intersection of Rhodope m., in the n.w. 
angle of Thrace, and falling into the ^gean 
at Stentoris palus, and also by another 
mouth, w. of that estuary. Maritza, 

Hbcale, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Leontis. 

Hecatomb^um, a town of Achaia, near 
DjTnae. 

Hecatompedon, a fortress of Chaonia, on 
the confines of lUyria, w. of Fauces 'Anti- 
gonese. 

Hecatomp^lon (Parthyene), capital of Par- 
thia. Named by some geographers Heca- 
tompylan, from the number of roads meet- 
ing there. The capital of Arsaces. 

Hecatonnesi, ** hundred islands," a group 
of islands (Strabo reckons twenty) bet. the 
n.e. of Lesbos ins. and Pyrrha prom., in 
JBolis Asiat. Here Hecatus (Apollo) was 
peculiarly venerated, a circumstance whence 
Strabo derives the name. Musco-nisi, 

Hectodurum, a town of Vrndelida. 

Hedaphtha, a town of Syrtis, Afincse, n. of 
Zuchis. 

Hedonacon, a town of Boeotia, on Per- 
messus fl., s.w. of Thespia, where was the 
fountain of Narcissus. Neochorio, 

HedtliuMi a town of Boeotia, under He- 
dylius m. 

Hedtlius m., a m. of Boeotia, near Chee- 
ronea. 

Hedyphar (Hedypnus) fl., a r. of Susiana, 
rising in Parachoatras m., and falling into 
Pasitigris fl. 

Hegonium prom., a pr. of Chalcidice, 
Macedonia, N. of ^neum prom. Cara 
Bourun. 

Heoitmatia, a town of the Diduni, Germ., 
N.w. of Budorgis. Near Ratibor. 

HsLCEBus, a town of the Tribocd, Gaul. 
EUe. 



Heldua, a maritime town of PhoeAcia, bet. 

Berytus and Platanon. 
Helellum (Helvetum), a town of the Tri- 

bocci, Gallia. Schlestaddt, 
Helena (Macris) ins., an island of Attica, in 

the -^gean, over against Thoricus. The 

CransB of Homer. Macronisi. 
Helena, a town of the Atrebates,Belgica II., 

bet. Origiacum w.n.w. and Nemetacum 

S.E. 

Helenopolis, a later name of Drepanes, 
Bithynise. 

Heles (Hales, Elees, "boggy") fl., a r. of 
Lucania, faUing into Inferum mare, 3 m. 
N. from Helia (Velia), to which it gave 
name. Alento. 

Helgas (Booscsete), postea Germanicopolis 
and Caesarea, a town of Bithynia, on Gelbes 
fl., towards Prusa. 

Helia (Hyele), Lucanise, the Greek name of 
VeUa. 

Helice (Ilice), I. one of the twelve cities of 
Achaia, on Corinthiacus sin., bet. Leuc- 
trum and Cerynia. The early capital of 
Achaia. It was swallowed up by an earth- 
quake 373 B.C. II. palus, an inlet of the 
Mediterranean, near the mouth of Atax fl. 
Etang d^ Helice ; Etang de Bobine d'Aude. 
III. a town of the Treres, Moes., near 
Sardica. 

Helisices (Elysices, Elysii), a tribe of Be- 
bryces, Narbonensis, about Helice palus. 

Helicon, I. a r. of Pieria, Macedoniee, rising 
in Olympus m., and, after a course of 9^ 
m., disappearing under ground for the 
space of 3 miles ; on its reappearance, it 
assumes the name of Baphyrus, and, navi- 
gable thence for small vessels, falls into 
Thermaicus sin. below Dium. Mauro 
Nero, II. of Sicily, falling into the Tyr- 
rhenian sea at Tyndaris. Olivero. III. a 
m. of Boeotia, n. of Thisbae. Sacred to 
Apollo and the Muses, the worship of 
whom was brought hither by some Pierian 
emigrants from Macedonia. Zugora or 
PalcBOvouni, 

Helicranium, a town of Chaonia, s.e. of 
Phoenice. Crania. 

Helioscope ins., an isl. of Lycia. 

Heliopolis, I. (On, Bethsemes),;on«wIle-ei, 
a city of Lower Egypt, on the Nile, R., bet. 
Babylon and Tlion, n.e. of Memphis. 
Famous for the temple of the sun, and as 
the seat of one of the three sacerdotal 
colleges of Egypt. Moses was educated 
here. Near Maiareh. II. (Baalbek), a city 
of Phoenicia, n.w. of Damascus. Sacred 
to Baal (the sun). Balbec, 

Heliotropium, a village of Phthiotis, Thes- 
saly, near Thebae. 



HEL 



172 



HEQ 



Helissus 11., I. a r. of Arcadia, rising near 
Helissus, and falling into Alpheus fl. below 
Megalopolis. II. of Epea, in Ells, falling 
into Cyllenicus sin. III. a town of Arcadia, 
near the source of Helisson fl., w. of Man- 
tinea. 
Helium ost., the s. mouth of the Rhine. 
Hell A, a name of the temple of Dodona, 
from Hellas, a wood -cutter, to whom the 
sacred dove revealed the oracular oak. 

Hell AN A, a town of Etruria, bet. Solaria 
(9) and Pistoria (6), on Via Claudia. 
Aglana, 

Hellas, I. generally, a name of Greece, from 
Hellas, the wood-cutter, or from Hellen, 
son of Deucalion; specially, a district of 
Greece, about Dodona and Achelous fl. ; 
and a district of Thessaly, under Othrys 
m. II. a town of Phthiotis, capital of 
Hellas regio, on Enipeus fl., n.e. of Meli- 
taea. 

Hellenes (Sellenes), a later name of the 
Greeci, Epirus, and, generally of the 
Greeks, from Hellas, the wood-cutter, or 
from Hellen. 

Hellenis prom., a pr. of the Damnonii, 
Brit., N.E. of Criu Metopon prom. Berry 
Head, 

Hellespontus, the strait separating Thrace 
from Mysia, and communicating between 
Propontis and the iEgean. In length 60 
m., in least breadth 7 furlongs. Named 
from Helle, daughter of Athamas, drowned 
here. Straits of Gallipolis ; Dardanelles. 

Hellomenum, a port of Leucas ins. Cli- 
meno, 

Hellopia regio, i. q. Eleon campus. 

Helmodenes, a people of Arabia Petrsea, 
N.E. of Arsinoe. 

Helodes ins., islands of Sarmatia As., off 
Gelda. 

Helorias campus (Heloria Tempe), the 
district of Helorum, in Sicily. Noted for 
its beautiful scenery. 

Helorum, a town of Sicily, s.e. at the 
mouth of Helorus fl. Muri Ucci. 

Helorus fl., a r. of Sicily, rising near Acrse 
and falling into Siculum mare bet. Asina- 
rus fl. and Ichana. Of a very rapid and 
noisy course. Abisso. 

Helos, "marshy," I. a' town of Argolis. 
II. of Elis, near Alpheus fl., towards Ar- 
cadia. III. of Laconia, e. of the mouth of 
Eurotas fl., 10m. from Trinasus. Founded 
by Helius, son of Perseus. The Helotes, 
defeated in an insurrection against the 
Dorians and Heraclidse, were reduced to 
slavery, and their name applied to all 
Spartan slaves. Tsyli. IV. a village 5 
furlongs e. from Megalopolis. 



Helvillum (Suilla), a town of Umbria, on 
Via Flaminia, bet. Forum Flaminii (27) 
and Ad Ensem (10). Near Sigillo. 

Helvecones (Aelviones), a tribe of Vindeli, 
on the Vistula, L., near the Burgun- 
diones. 

Helvetii, a Celtic people in Maxima 
Sequanorum. Bounded w. by Jura m., 
s. by Alpes Penninae, e. by Alpes Rhsetise, 
N. by the Rhine. Pari of Switzerland. 

Helvii (Elui), a Celtic people of Narbonen- 
sis I., on the e. slopes of Cevenna m., n. 
of the Volcae Arecomici. Ardeche. 

Helvinus fl., a r. of Picenum, falling into 
the sea n. of Balinus fl. Salinello. 

Helylices, i. q. Helisices. 

Hemeroscopium, a name of Dianium, Tar- 
raconensis, from a watch-tower which 
stood there. 

Hemuatjs, apud Plinium, a corruption of 
Dumata;, or people of Domatha, Arabiee. 

Heneti, a maritime people of Paphlagonia, 
on Parthenius fl., a colony of whom, under 
the conduct of Antenor, migrated, 1270 
B.C., by the Danube to the shores of the 
Adriatic, called after them Henetia, Ve- 
netia. 

Heniochi, a people of Colchis, on the 
Euxine, at first towards Mseotis and sub- 
sequently removed s. towards the Bechires. 
Descended from the charioteers of Castor 
and Pollux. 

Hepha (Sycaminopolis, Sycaminorum Op- 
pid., Sycaminon, Gaba), a maritime 
town of Galilsea Superior, under Carmelus 
m., over against Ptolemais. A colonia, 
enlarged by Herod and appointed by 
him a settlement of discharged cavalry. 
Kopha, 

Heph^stia, a town of Lemnos ins., on its 
s. coast, in the neighbourhood of which^ 
according to Pliny, was an extensive and 
most elaborate labyrinth. Ponniah. 

Heph^stus, a town of the Delta uSgypti, 
towards Tanis. Sacred to Hepheestus 
(Vulcan). 

Hephestiadjs, a demus of Attica, of the 
tribe Acamantis, near Cephisia. 

Hepher-Opher, Zabul, i. q. Gath-Hepher. 

HEPTACOMETiE, " seveu communities," the 
general name of the Chalybes, Mosynoed, 
Tibareni, Drilae, Macrones, Sanni, and 
Byzeres, in Pontus. 

Heptanesijs ins., isl. of India i. Gangem, 
over against Mandagora. Salsettey &c. 

Heptanomis (Heptapolis), Middle Egypt, 
from the Delta at Cercasura n. to Syene s. 
Named from its seven nomi and their 
seven chief cities. 

Heptaporus ** seven crossings," (Polypoms, 



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173 



HER 



" many crossings,") a r. of .^olis Asiat., 
falling into Cillseus fl. below Celsenae. 
Heraclea ins., I. an isl. of the Dam- 
nonii, Britannia I., off Herculis prom. 

II. (Heracleotis), of Sicily. Felicur. 

III. a town of JSolis Asiatica, on Adra- 
myttenus sin., w. of Coryphas. IV. of 
Athamania, iEtolia, on Inachus fl., s.e. 
of Theodora. V. of Caria, at the head of 
Latmicus sin.; 13 m. s.e. from Miletus. 
Oufa Bafi. VI. (Albace, Salbace), of 
Caria, under Albacus m. VII. a mari- 
time town of Cassiotis, Syrise, n. of 
liaodicea. VIII. of Cyrrhestica, Syriee, 
3 geog. m. N.w. from Hierapolis. IX. 
of Lucania, at the mouth of Aciris fl. 
A Tarentine colony, founded 428 B.C. 
The seat of the general council of the 
states of Magna Grsecia. Policoro. X. 
of Lydia, under Messogis m. XI. of 
Xydia, near Magnesia. Noted for its mag- 
nets, called Heraclei. XII. of Taurica 
Chersonesus, n. towards the n. entrance 
of Bosporus Cimmerius. XIII. of the 
Odrysse, Thrace, on the Propontis, oppo- 
site Ophiusa, bet. Ganos and Tiristasis. 
JHeraclitza. XIV. of Pisatis, Elis, on 
Cytherus fl., 6| m. w. from Olympia. 
XV. (Achais), of Media Ragiana, n. of 
Ragse. Burukkerd. XVI. of the Salyes, 
Karbonensis, at the mouth of the Rhone. 
Its existence, however, is dubious. XVII. 
{Ljnicestis, Lyncus), of Lyncus, Macedo- 
nia, at the foot of the Candavii m., on the 
Psevus fl., bet. Nicia (11) and Cellae (34), 
on the Egnatia Via. Erekli, XVIII. 
sumamed Minoa, of Sicily, s.w. at the 
mouth of Halycus fl., L., bet. Thermae Seli- 
nuntise and Agrigentum. A colony from 
Selinus, enlarged by Spartans under Dori- 
cus. XIX. sumamed Perinthus, vide Pe- 
rinthus. XX. sumamed Pontica, of Bi- 
th3rnia, on the Euxine, towards the borders 
of Paphlagonia, 3 m. e. from Lycus fl. A 
joint colony from Megara Nissea and Ta- 
nagra, Boeotia. Celebrated for its wine, 
almonds, and nuts. Erekli, XXI. sur- 
named Sintica (ex Sintiis, Strymonis), 
oapitalof the Sinti,Macedoni8e,on Strymon 
fl., 50 m. N.w. from Philippi. BuUt by 
Am3rntas, brother of Philip. XXII. aur- 
named Trachinia, of Maliensis, Thessaly, 
bet. Trachis (6 furlongs) and Thermopylae 
(71 m.). Built by a Lacedaemonian colony, 
426 B.C. 

fiEBACLEOPOLis Magna, I. a town of Hep- 
tanomis, s.e. of Arsinoe-Crocodilopolis, on 

. an isL of the Nile. Sacred to the Ichneu- 
mon. II. Parya, a town of the Delta, 
£.w. of Pelusium. Ahnas, 



Heracleoticum Ostium Nili, a name of 
Canopicum Ostium. Named from Hera- 
cleum, a village round a temple of Hercu- 
les, near Canopus. 

Heracleum prom., I. a pr. of Pontus, 13 m. 
e. from Iris fl. C Thermeh. II. a town 
of iEgina ins., on the e. coast, 2 m. fr^m 
Tripyrgia. III. a citadel of Caunus, in 
Caria. IV. of Crete, n., the w. port of 
Gnossus. Cartei^o. V. of Pieria, Mace- 
doniae, on Thermaicus sin., bet. Phila (6) 
and Diura (12), on the Apilas fl. Plata- 
mono, VI. a port of Pontus, at Heracleium 
prom. VII. a town of Syria, near Gin- 
darus. 

Heracleus fl., a r. of Phocis, running into 
Corinthiacus sin. at Mychos portus. 

Her^a, I. a district of Megaris. II. (Solo- 
gorgus), a town of Arcadia, bet. Alpheus 
fl. and Ladon fl., s.w. of Psophis, towards 
Epitalium in Elis. Noted for a wine of 
peculiar potency. Ajiani, 

Herjei (Junonis) m., m. intersecting the s.e. 
portion of Sicily. Monti Sori. 

Herjsum, I. a town of the Corsii, Sardinia, 
N.w. of Olbia. II. of the Odrysae, Thrace, 
on the Propontis, e. of Bbanthe. Karegli. 

Her AR ass A, capital of the Malli, India, near 
the source of Namadus fl. Dschudpur. 

Heratemis fl., a r. of Persia, falling into the 
sea at or near leratis. 

Herbanum (Urbs Vetus), a town of Etruria, 
N.E. of Vulsinii, at the junction of Clanis 
and Vallia fil. Orvieto, 

Herbessus, I. a town of Sicily, n. of 
Agrigentum. II. of Sicily, near Leon- 
tini. 

Herbita, a town of Sicily, bet. Centoripse 
and Menaenum, according to Ptolemy ; or, 
according to others, e. of Heraei m. La 
Citadella; or, Nicosia. 

Hercates, a people of Liguria, towards the 
Ilvates. 

Herculaneum, I. an Oscan town of Cam- 
pania, on Via Domitiana, bet. Neapolis 
(6) and Oplonti (6). Traditionally founded 
by Hercules, on his return from Spain. 
Finally destroyed by an eruption of Vesu- 
vius, after several partial subversions. 
Ercolano, II. (Mars Herculis), a town of 
the Caudini, Samnium. Montesarchio, 

Herculis Fanum, atown of Etruria, created 
around a temple of Hercules, towards 
Luca. Mazzaroaa, 

HERCULis,I.(HerculareumColumnarum) fr«- 
tum, the strait separating Africa from 
Europe, at the entrance of the Mediter- 
ranean. So named frt)m the fable of Her- 
cules. Strait of Gibraltar, II. ins., an 
isl. of Baetica, at the mouth of Urius fl« 



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174 



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III. two islets of Sardinia, n. of Gordita- 
num prom. IV. pagus, a village of Cilida 
Camp., near Tarsas. V. portus, a port of 
Sardinia, s. bet. Nova and Bitia. Torre 
del Gig ante. VI. prom., a pr. of Brut- 
tium, s.w. of Zepbyrium prom., e. of Scyla. 
C. Spartivento. VII. a pr. of the Dam- 
nonii, n., opposite Heraclea ins. Hart- 
land Pt. VIII. a pr. of Mauritania Tin- 
gitana, bet. Ussadium prom, and Phtut fl. 
Cape Mogador, IX. a pr. of Zeugitana, 
on Cartbag. sin., near Carpis. X. a pr. of 
the Zicbi, Sarmat., on the Euxine, bet. 
Toreticum prom, and Ampsalis. XI. vicus, 
a town of Cilicda, near Tarsus. Erkl4. 

Hercuniates, a people of Pannonia Inf., on 
Dravus fl., L. 

Hercyne fl., a r. of Boeotia, rising near 
Lebadea, and falling into Copais lacus. 
Livadia, 

Hercynia (Orcynia) silva, a forest covering 
central and southern Germania Magna, irom 
the Rhine to the sources of the Vistula. 
The name is the Latin adaptation of the 
Grerman term for pine-trees. Schwartz- 
waldf 8fc. 

Herdonia (Ardona, Cerdonia), a town of 
Daunia, Apulia, on Egnatia Via, bet. Mess 
(18) and Ad Undecim (16). Destroyed by 
Hannibal ; but restored, and appointed a 
colonia. Ordona, 

Herius fl., a r. of Lugdunensis III., falling 
into the sea, n.w. of the Ldger. Auray. 

Hermjsa ins., an isl. of Sardinia, e., over 
against Olbia. Tavolara. 

Herm^a AGRA, a pr. of Marmarica, w. of 
Phoenicus portus. 

Herm^um prom., I. a pr. of Crete, s., near 
Psecilasium. C Placo, II. of Lemnos 
ins. III. of Mauritania Ting., n. of Asama. 
Cape Bon. IV. of Sardinia, w., above 
Bosa fl. Capo delta Cacda. V. of Tri- 
polis, Afric, at Leptis Magna. VI. of 
Zeugitana, s. of Carthage. VII. a town 
of Mysia, on the Hellespont, bet. Lamp- 
sacus and Parium (8). 

Hermagora fons, a stream of Bithynia, 
running into Bosporus Thradus near Chal- 
cedon. 

Hermantica, Hispanise, i. q. Salmantica. 

HsRMiNius m., m. of the Lusitani, the n.e. 
continuation of Tagus m., x. of the Tagus. 
Sierra de Estrella, 

Hermione, an autonymous city in Argolis, 
on the Hermionicus sin., opposite Aperopia 
ins. Founded by Diopes from Thessiy. 
The birth-place of the poet Lasus. Near 
it was a cavern reputed to communicate 
with Orcus. Castri, 

Hermiones, a people of Gennaiiia Magna, 



bet. the Istaevones w. and the Semnones 
and Hermunduri b. 

Hermoniacus sin., a channel communicating^ 
bet. Argolicus sin. and Saronicus sin., and 
separating Argolis from Hydrea ins. 

Hermisium, a port of Taurica Chersonesus, 
s. below Theodosia. 

Hermtus (Smymseus) sin., a gulf of the 
^gean, bet. the mouth of Hermus fl. and 
Clazomense. O. of Smyrna. 

Hermocapeleia (Hermopblis), a town of 
Lydia, in the valley of Hermus fl. 

Hermomacum, a town of the Nervii, Bel* 
gica II., bet. Camaracum s.w. and Baga- 
cum N.E. 

Hermon (Aermon, Senior, Shenir, Sion, 
Scirion, Sarion) m., a s.w. continuation 
into N.E. GalilsBa of Anti-Libanus m. Jebet 
€8 Sheikh, 

Hermonactis, a maritime town of Dacia, at 
the mouth s. of Taras fl. A Milesian 
colony. 

Hermonassa, I. a town of Sindica, Sar- 
matise, on the Euxine, above Sinda. IL 
(Liviopolis), of Pontus, 6 m. e. from Cor- 
dyle. Platana, 

Hermonthis, a town of Thebais, on the 
Nile, L., bet. Asfinis and Pampanis, above 
Thebse. Erment. 

HsRMOPOLis, I. ntmamed Magna (Mercurii 
Oppidum), a town of Heptanomis, on the 
Nile, L., over against Antinoe. Here was 
a custodia (customs' house), at which goods 
coming from Thebais paid toll. From this 
point the schoenus, which lower down con- 
sisted only of forty stadia, was reckoned at 
sixty. Named from the worship of Her- 
mes (Thoth). Achmurmn, II. suntamed 
Parva, a town of Lower Egypt, on the 
Canopic branch of the Nile, bet. Archan- 
dropolis and Andropolis. Iktrhanhour, 

Hermunduri (Duri), postea Thuringi, a 
people of Germania Magna, bet. Albis fl. 
and the Sudeta m. e., the Cherusd N., 
Visurgis fl. and Sala fl. w., and the Danube 
8. Saxony and Anhalt. 

Hermus, I. a r. of Ionia, rising in Dindy- 
mene m., or, according to PHny, near to 
Dorylseum, and falling into Hermius sin., 
in Pliny's time, near Leucee, but after- 
wards further s. Its sands were said to 
contain gold. Sarabat. II. (Hermoi), a 
demus of Attica, of the tribe Acamantis^ 
near Athens, on the road to Eleusis. 

Herna, a town of the Contestani, Tarra- 
conensis, on Illicitanus sin., near Alebos 
fl. 

Hernici, a tribe of Sabines, settled in La- 
tium Novum, bet. the i£qui and Marsi n., 
and Volsci s. Named from the nature of the 



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176 



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soil they occupied, hema, in the Sabine 
language signifying a stone. 

Hbrodium, I. a fortress of Ammonitis, on 
the confines of Moabitis. Built by Herod. 
II. of Judaea, s.e. of Bethlehem. Built by 
Herod, in memory of the victory over 
Antigonus. 

Heroopolis, a town of Lower Egypt, on 
Amari lac. towards Heroopolitis sin., s.w. 
of Arsinoe. 

Heroopoliticum prom., a pr. of Egypt, on 
Heroopolitis sin. w. 

Heroopoliticus sin., the w. termination of 
the Red Sea, extending from Drepanum 
prom, to Arsinoe-Cleopatris. The name 
was sometimes appHed to the whole of the 
Red Sea. Bahr elRolsam; Oulfof Suez. 

ELerophile, a name of Erythrae, loniae. 

Herpa, a town of Sophene, Armenia, on 
Euphrates fl., L. Assigned to Cappadocia 
by Lucullus. 

Herpeditani, I. a people of Hibemia, i. q. 
Erdini. II. of Mauritania, on both sides 
of Mulucha fi. 

Herpis, a town of Mauritania Tingit., on 
Hirpus fi., s.vir. of Rusadir. 

Herthjb ins., an isl. of Scandinavia, in Co- 
danus sin., over against Rugium ins. n.w. 

Hertices, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, 
towards the Tanais. 

Hbsbon (Esebon, Esbus), a dty, first of 
Reuben, and then of Gad ; a royal city of 
the Amorites, s.w. of Rabbath Ammon, 
20 m. E. from Bethagla. Heshban, 

Hesidrus fl., Indise, i. q. Zaradrus. 

Hesperia, the name given by the Greeks to 
Italy, from its western situation relative to 
tiieir own country. The name is more 
commonly met with in the poets, and the 
epithet magna coupled with it, to distin- 
guish it from Spain, which was also 
denominated Hesperia, with the epithet 
ultima, 

HesperIdum horti, <^the gardens of the 
Hesperides,'' a sacred grove at (Hesperis) 
Berenice, in Cyrenaica. 

Hesperis (Hesperides), the early name of 
Berenice, in Cyrenaica. 

Hespericornu prom., a pr. of Libya, s. of 
Ryssadium prom. Cape Verd. 

Hesperius sin., a bay of the Atlantic, in 
Africa, at Hespericornu prom. 

Hbstias prom., a pr. of Thrace, near Byzan- 
tium. 

Hetera, a town of Crete. 

Hethit^ (Hethsei, Hittaei, Chettaei), one of 
the seven tribes of Canaan, about Hebron. 
Descendants of Heth, son of Canaan. 

Hetriculum, a town of Bruttium, on Cra- 
this fl., above Uffugum. Latarico, 



Heyila, the Scripture name of the country 
of the Alilaei, Arabia. 

Hevilga, a name of the territories of the 
Laeceni, Astapeni, and Melangitae, in Arabia 
Felix. 

Hevit^e (Hevaei, Cadmoneae), one of the 
seven tnbes of Canaan, in Ephraim, Dan^ 
and Benjamin. Of this people was Cad- 
mus. 

HiBE, a village of Libya, at Oasis Magna. 

Hibernia (Juvema, luernia, leme, Britan- 
nia Minor), an isl. in the Atlantic, w. of 
Britain. Its principal people, the Hibemi, 
would appear to have come from Iberia 
(Spain), and it was their name which Caesar 
extended to the whole island. The Scoti, 
who fornied a portion of its later popula- 
tion, were Scandinavian immigrants, and 
were called by the natives Daoine Gaul or 
Gaulte, "foreign or barbarous men;*' 
whence Donegal. 

Hibernicus Oceanus, the sea bet. England 
and Ireland. Irish Sea. 

HicssiA ins., an isl. of Sicily, s. of Strongyle» 
Vacheluce. 

HiDDEKEL fl., i q. Tigris. 

HiEMPA, a town of Baetica, near Hispalis, 

S.E. 

HiERA ins., I. an isl. of the ^gean, one of 
the Sporades, contiguous to Thera. Nea 
Caimeni. II. of Argolis, i. q. Spharia. 
III. (Hieronesus), sumamed Maritima, an 
isl. of Sicily, one of the Agates ins., w. of 
the Buscina ins. Maritima. IV. a pr. of 
Lycia, 4 m. from Calabantia. V. a town 
of Lesbos, under Olympus m., m.e. Jero 
or Olivieri, 

HiERA Germe, "True Germe," Mysiae, i. q. 
Germe. 

HiERA Sycaminos, a town of Dodecaschoenus^ 
on the exact border of Egypt and iEthiopia, 
on the Nile, R., bet. Corte and Premnis, 
54 m. from Syene. 

HiERABRiGA, a towu of the Lusitani, near 
the Tagus, s.w. of Scalabis. 

HiERACHUS, the Greek form of Jericho. 

HiERAcoME, a town of Caria, on Maeander fl.^ 
with an oracle of Apollo, whose responses 
were given in verse. 

HiERACOMET^, a people of MoMa Asiat., to- 
wards Pergamus n. 

HiERAcoMPOLis, a town of Thebsds, on the 
Nile, L., bet. Apollinopolis Magna and 
Latopolis. 

HiERACON, a town of Thebais, on the Nile, 
R., bet. Pesla (28) and Isium. 

HiERACONNESUs, the Greek name of Acdpi- 
trum ins. 

HiERAPBTRA (Girspetra), the port of Area- 
dia, in Crete. 



HIE 



176 



HIP 



HiERAPOLis, I. a town of Chorzene, Armen., 
N.E. of Dascusa. II. of Crete. III. privs 
Mabog, •' city of cotton/' grcece Bambyce, 
of Cyrrhestica, bet. Antiocbia and Cealia. 
Sacred to Atargatis (Astarte, Derceto). 
Named Hierapolis by Seleucus. Mambej, 
IV. of Phrygia M., on the confines of 
Lydia, bet. Tripolis and Laodicea (5). 
Noted for its warm springs, which had a 
peculiar property in dyeing processes, and 
for an oracle of Pluto, and for its numerous 
temples. The locality of the labours of 
Epaphras, the disciple of St. PauL Pant' 
buk-Kalessu 

HiERAPYTNA, " sacred VytM." prius Cyrba 
(Camirus, Pytna), a town of the 8. coast of 
Crete, w. of ErythraBura prom. Founded 
by the Corybantes. Girapieira. 

HiERASUS fl., Dacise, i. q. Parata. 

HiERATis, a maritime town of Persis, near 
Mesambria. 

HiERAX fl., Cilicia, i. q. Cydnus. 

HiERENSEs, a tribe of Malienses, in Thes- 
saly, about Irus. 

HiEROc^SAREA, a town of Lydia, w. of 
Thyatira. Sacred to Diana Persica. 

HiEROCEPis (Hiorecipia), an enclosure near 
Paphos, sacred to Venus ; or, according to 
Pliny, an island off Paphos. 

HiEROLOPHiENSEs, a people of .£olis Asiat., 
towards Pergamum. 

HiEROMAX (Jarmoch) fl., a r. of Syria, rising 
in Alsadamus m. n.e. of Bostra, and falling 
into Tiberias lacus n. of Bethsan. Sheriat 
el Mandour ; Yarmouk. 

HiERON, I. a village in Arcadia, s. of Dacty- 
Icsema. The scene of one of Orestes' 
phrensies. II. Bithynia, i. q. Estia. III. 
a harbour of the Toreatee, Sarmat., on the 
Euxine, bet. Sinda Sorgippia and Pagrse. 

HiERON Orgs prom., a pr. of Pontus, 12^ 
m. w. from Trapezus. C T\)ro2, 

HiEROS (Siberis) fl., I. a r. of Asia Minor, 
falling into Sangarius fl. bet. Juliopolis 
(13) and Lagania. The limit, in that 
direction, of Bithynia and Galatia. II. 
Sardinse, i. q. Sacer. 

HiEROsoLYMA (Salem, "peace;'' Jerusalem, 
" possession of peace," or " dwelling of 
peace;" Jebus), capital of Judaea, its n. 
portion in Benjamin, its s. in Judah, 20 
m. N. from Hebron. Jerusalem, 

HiERUs fl., a r. of ^olis, rising in Ida m., 
and falling into Adramyttenus sin. 

HiEzoN m., a m. of Crete, a summit of Dicte 
m. 

HiLADES ins., isl. in the Caspian, bet. the 
mouths of Rha and Cyrus ffl. 

HiLLEViONES, a people of Scandinavia. 



HiMELLA fl., a r. of Sabinium, falling into 
the Tiber abov6 Farfarus fl. VAia, 

HiMERA fl., I. a r. of Sicily, falling into 
the sea w. of Phalerium. The e. boun> 
dary of the Syracusan territory. II. 
aumamed Minor, of Sicily, falling into 
the Tjrrrhenian sea at Himera. San Leo- 
nardo ; Fiume di Termini, III. a town of 
Sicily N., at the extremity of Himera fl., 
L., bet. Cephaloedium and Soluntum. A 
Zanclian colony ; destroyed by the Cartha- 
ginians. 

HiMERyEifM, a towu of the Edones, Thrace, 
on Strymon fl., above Amphipolis. 

HiMERENSES TuERMiB, a town of Sidly N,f 
at the mouth of Himera fl., R. Built by 
the inhabitants of Himera, after the de- 
struction of that town by the Carthaginians. 
A colonia of Augustus. Termini, 

HiMJAR, the local name of the conntry of 
the Homeritse, in Arabia Felix. 

HiNNOM, vide Ben Hinnom. 

Hipp ANA, a town of Sicily, bet. Panormus 
and Mutistratus. 

HiPPARENUM, vide Borsippa. 

HippXris fl., a r. of Sicily, falling into Ca- 
mariua lac. Carina. 

HiPPi (Equi) ins., I. four isl. of Ionia, over 
against Ery three. II. prom., a pr. of Africa 
P., on Syrtis Maj., w. of Arse Philenomm, 
bet. Transmariciolum and Sagazsena. III. 
of Numidia, n. of Roborrum prom. Rag 
el Hamreh. 

HiPPiA, I. a district of Boeotia. II. Thes- 
salise, i. q. Phalana. 

HiPPici m., a ridge of m. in Sarmatia As., 
s.E. of Gelonus. 

HiPPicus lac, a lake of Zeugitana, bdow 
Hippo Dyarrhitis. 

Hippo, I. a town of the Carpetani, Tarra- 
conensis, near the Tagus, e. of Toletam. 
II. sumamed Diarrh3rtis, ** watered ;" reC' 
tius Zarytus, of Zeugitana, on Hippo- 
nensis sin., near the n. entrance of Hippi- 
cus lac, bet. Tinissa and Tabraca. A 
colonia (Colonia Libera). Benizert ; 
Bizerta. III. sumamed Nova, of the 
Turtuli, Baetica, bet. Asimbrum n.w. and 
Ilipula Magna s.e. IV. sumamed Regius, 
of Numidia, w. of the mouth of Rubri- 
catus fl., 218 m. w. from Carthage. A 
colonia. Bona, 

HiPPOcoRONA, a town of .^lolis Asiat., near 
Adramyttium. 

HiPPOcuRONiuM, a town of Crete. Ampi' 
coma. 

HiPPOCRENE fons, a fountain of Helicon, in 
Bueotia, springing from the spot where 
Pegasus struck his hoof. Sacred to the 
Muses. 



HIP 



177 



HOB 



HiPPOCURA, capital of Southern Ariaca, 
Ind., N.E. of Sarimagula. Hyiderabad. 

HiPPOLA, a town of Laconia, at Thyrides 
prom. 

HiPPOLEUM prom., a pr. of Sarmatia Europ., 
near the inner mouth of the Borysthenes. 

HiPPONENSis sin., a bay of the Mediterra- 
nean, at Hippo Dyarrhitis. 

HiPPONESus ins., an isl. of Caria, in Cera- 
micus sin. 

HiFPONiATES sin. (Vibonensis sin.), a bay 
of Terinseiis sin., at Hipponium. 

HiPPONiuM, postea Vibo Valentia, a city of 
Bruttium, on Hipponiates sin., s. bet. 
Amnicia (10) and Tauriana (10) on Via 
Aquilia. A colony from Locri. Destroyed 
by Dionysius the Elder ; restored by Car- 
thaginian settlers. A colonia (Vibo Va- 
lentia, 194 B.C.) and municipium. Here 
was a grove of Proserpine, where the 
women assembled once a year to gather 
flowers in her honour. Here also was the 
Horn of Amalthea, constructed by Gelo. 
Monte Leone. 

HiPPOPHAGi, people of Sarmatia and Par- 
thia, named from their living upon horse- 
flesh. 

HiPPOPODUM ins., i. q. Oonae. 

Hippos mons, a pr. of Arabia Felix, on the 
Red Sea, the s. boundary of the Thamu- 
ditse. Djebel Hasaane, 

HiPPOTAMADiE, a demus of Attica, of the 
tribe ^neis. 

HiPPOTES, a village of Boeotia, on Libe- 
thrius m. 

HiPPOTHOONTis, a tribe or ward of Attica, 
named from Hippothoon, son of Neptune 
and Alope. 

HiPPURi portus, a port of Taprobane. 

HiPPURis ins., an isl. of the ^gean, one 
of the Spontdes, w. of Tragia. Her^ 
monisi, 

HiPPURius fl., a r. of Lydia, falling into 
Macistus fl. below Blaundus. 

HiFPUS, I. a r. of Ecretice, Colchis, falling 
into Phasis fl. towards Astelephus. Rion, 
II. m. of the Banubari, in Arabia Felix, 
above Leucecome. III. (Susitha), a town 
of Graulonitis Inferior, on Tiberias lac., 
over against Tiberias (3). Szammera. 

HiRMiNius fl., a r. of SicUy, falling into the 
sea at Cancana. Fiume di Ragusa. 

HiROTH, a town of Lower Eg3rpt, w. of 
Arsinoe, bet. Etham and Clysma. 

HiRPiNi, a tribe of Samnites, settled in the 
8. portion of Sunnium. Named from their 
predatory character, hirpuSf in their lan- 
guage signifying a wolf. 

HiRPis fl., a r. of Mauritania Ting,, falling 
into the Mediterranean, w, of Rusadhr. 



HiRRi, Germania:, i. q. ScTri. 

HisPA (Ipsa), a town of Armenia Min., bet. 
Dascusa (18) and Arangse (18). 

HisPALis, capital of the Turtetani, Bsetica, 
on the Bsetis, L., 62 m. from its mouth, 
bet. Italica and Vergentum. Not impro- 
bably the ancient Tartessus. A colonia 
(Romulea). Sevilla, 

HisPANiA (Spanjah, Phcenician, " rabbits ;" 
Hesperia Ultima, Iberia), a peninsular 
country of Europe, bounded n. by Canta- 
bricum mare and by Gaul at the Pyrenees, 
s. and £. by the Mediterranean, w. by the 
Atlantic. It was divided by the Romans, 
upon their conquering it from the Cartha- 
ginians, into Hispania Citerior (postea Tar- 
raconensis) and Hispania Ulterior {postea 
Lusitania and Bsetica). Peopled principally 
by Iberi, from n.e. Asia, and by Celtse, 
Espana; Spain, 

Hispellum, a town of Umbria, s. of Assi- 
sium. A colonia (Colonia Julia Hispellum). 
Spello. 

HispiRATis, a district of Armenia Int., on 
the confines of the Macrones Ponti. Sper. 

HiSTi, a people of Scythia, on Jastus fl. 

HisTiiEA, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
jEgeis. 

HisTiJEA, a town of Eubcea ins., on the 
N.w. coast, at the mouth of Callas fl., w. 
of Dium ; an Athenian colony. On the 
expulsion by the Athenians of its original 
inhabitants, who withdrew to Macedonia, 
it was renamed Oreus. Oreos, 

HisTONiuM, a maritime town of the Fren-> 
tani, on Via Frentana, bet. Pallanum (12) 
and Uscosium (15). At first a pirate's 
haunt, afterwards a colonia. Vasto d^Ant" 
mone. 

HiSTRi, a Thradan migration, settled in the 
country called from them Histria, bet. 
Venetia (at Formio fl.) and Illyria (at 
Arsia fl), bounded w. by the Adriatic. 
By the poets the name is derived from 
Hister fl. (the Danube), and the primitive 
Histri are identified with the A^onauts, 
and, as later immigrants, with the Col- 
chians sent by ^tes in pursuit of the 
ravishers of Medea. Subjugated by Rome 
179 B.C. Included within the limits of 
Italy by Augustus. 

Histria, vide Histri. 

HiTTiT^, a people of Judaea, about Hebron 
and Bethel. The descendants of Heth, 
son of Canaan. 

HiuLCA lacus, a marsh of Pannonia Inf., 
s.w. of Mursa. It was drained by Probus. 

HoBAH, a village of Coele- Syria, n.e. of Da- 
mascus, whither Abraham pursued Che* 
dorlaomer. Hobah. 



HOD 



178 



HYD 



HoDiopOLis, a town of Bithynia, towards 

Heraclea. 
HoLMi I. (Hormi, Oani), a maritime town 

of Cilida Trachea, 5 m. n.e. of Mylse. 

The inhabitants were removed to Seleucia. 

II. of Phrygia Parorea, e. of Cylla. 

Himma, 
HoLMONES, a town of Boeotia, } m. e. of 

Hyettos, on Copais lac. Named after 

Hoknus, son of Sisyphus. 
HoLO, a town of the Turtuli, Bseturia, w. of 

B«ecyla. 
HoLOPHTXus, a town of Crete. 
HoMARiUM, a town of Achaia, near JSgium. 
Homeritj£ (Gebanitee)y a people of Arabia 

Felix, occupjong its s.w. angle. 
HoMiLiB, a town of the iGnianes, Thessaly, 

towards the source of Sperchius fl., n.w. 

of Sperchie. 
Homole m., a m. of Magnesia, in Thessaly, 

the N. termination of Ossa m., on the right 

of Peneus fl., near the sea. A favourite 

abode of Pan. 
HomolIum (Homolis), a town of the Lapi- 

thse, in Magnesia, Thessaly, under Homole 

m. Ambeiakia. 
UoMONADA, a maritime fortress of Cilida 

Trachea, on the borders of Pisidia, near 

tiie w. source of Calycadnus fl. Ermenak, 
HoNoscA, a maritime town of Tarraoonensis, 

bet. the Iberus and Carthago Nova. 
Hob. m., I. a mountain of Idumaea, midway 

bet. the Red Sea and the Dead Sea. The 

burial-place of Aaron; Jebel Haroun. 

II. a ridge of Libanus m. n.e. 
HoREB m., vide Sinai^ 
HoRBST^, a tribe of Venicontes, Brit., under 
. Grampius m. Eskdale, 
HoRiM, ** dwellers in caves," i. q. Horitae. 
H0RI9IU8 fl., a r. of Bithynia, fidling into 

the Rh3mdacus. 
HoRiT^ (Horim), a people of Idumaea, about 

Seir m. 
HoRMA» a town of Almopseia, Pseonia, on 

Erigonua fl., w. of Ad Herculem. 
HoRMANUS fl., a r. of Arabia Felix, falling 

into Erythrseum mare s.w. of Abissa. 

Harmin, 
HoRREA, I. aumamed Cnlia, Ad Horrea, a 

maritime town of Byzacene, at the n. limit 

of that province, bet. Orasse and Hadru- 

metum (10). II. of Mauritania Caesar., 
. bet. Choba andSitifi (18). III. of Myg- 

donia, Messenise, on Arzamo fl., R., below 

Bebasa. IV. (Margi), a town of the Tri- 

balli, Moesise, on Margus fl., R., near Ad 

Octavum. 
HoRREUM, a town of Molossis, near the w. 
«., bank of Pambotis lacus. Gardikaki, 
HoRTA (Hortanum), a town of Etruria, on 



the Tiber, n.e. of FaleriL A military 

colony of Augustus. Orta. 
HoRTONA (Artona), a town of the Latmi^ 

Latium, on the confines of the JBqui, s. of 

Algidum. Monte Fortino, 
HoSiEA, a town of Sardinia, on the coast, 10 

m. 8. from Sacer fl. Torre di MarcMdi, 
HossTi, a people of Sarmatia, n. of iha 

Veltee. 
HosTiLiA, a town of the Cenomanni, Gallia 

Transp., on Padus fl., e.s.e. 'of MantOB. 

The birth-place of Cornelius Nepos ? 09- 

tiglia, 
HucuMBRA, Assyrise, i. q. Symbra. 
HuMATiA fl., a r. of Rhsetia, falling into 

Addua fl. Serio. 
Hungunyerro, a town of the Volcse Tecto- 

sages, Narbonensis I., bet. Casinomagus 

w. and Bucoo e. 
HuNNUM, a town of the Otadeni, Brit., on 

Hadriani murus n., bet. Prooolitia and 

Vindobula. Halton-Chesters, 
Htacinthia Via, the road from Sparta to 

Amydae. 
Ht^a, a town of the Locri Ozolae, s. o£ 

Tritaea. 
Hyameia, a town of Messenia. 
Hyampia m., I. a summit of Parnassus, at 

Hyampolis. II. a summit of Phsedri- 

ades m. 
Hyampolis, a dty of Phocis, bet Elataea and 

Opus, imder Hyampia m. Built by the 

Hyantes. Destroyed by Xerxes, and again 

by Philip ; restored a second time by Ha- 
drian. Bogdana, 
Hyantes, a tribe of Leleges, in Boeotian 

prior to the invasion of Cadmus ; named 

after their king, Hyas. 
Hyantis, an early name of Boeotia, from the 

Hyantes. 
Hyba (Hybadae), a demus of Attica, of the 

tribe Leontis. 
Hybla, I. sumamed Major, a town of Sicily^ 

on Simaethus fl., L., above Murgantia. 

Noted for its honey. Extinct in Pausanias' 

time. Patemo. II. sumamed Minor, te/ 

Heraea, a town of Sicily, under Heraens m., 

B. of Gela. Noted for its honey. Calmta' 

drone* III. sumamed Parva, a name of 

Megara Hyblaea, in Sicily. 
Hyccara, a maritime town of Sicily, n. bet. 

Panormus (16) and Parthenicum (8). The 

birth-place of Liais. 
Hyda (Hyla), a town of Caria, on Sdioenus 

sin. 
Hydara, a fortress of Armenia MiiK>r. Built 

by Mithridates. 
Hydaspes fl., a r. of India e. Gangem, rinng 

in Imaus m., and falling into Hyphasis £ 

above Aleiumdria. It was on tlua imr 



HYD 



17d 



HYP 



that Alexander built his Indian fleet. 

Jylum. 
Hydata, a town of the Potulatenses, Dae., 

on Ardiscus fl., towards its source.. 
Hyde, I. a town of Lycaonia, towards the 

N. extremity of Tattsea lac. II. of Lydia, 

near Gygaea palus. Thought by PUny to 

be identical with Sardes. 
Hydissus, a . town of Caria, e. of My- 

lassa. 
Hydra, I. iBtoL, i. q. Lysimachia. II. a 

pr. of JSolis Asiat., the s. extremity of 

Elseaticus sin., opposite Harmatus prom. 

(10). 
Hydkea ins., an isl. of Argolis, in Myrtonm 

mare, over against Scyllseum prom, and 

Bnporthmus. Hydra. 
Hydilsum Afollinis, a town of Thebais, 

bet. Phalacrum and Cabalsus, e. of Syene. 
Hydiueum CiENON (Hydreum Novum), a 

town of Thebais, bet. Cabalsus and Bere- 
nice. 
Hydbanon, Cretse, i. q. Rhithymna. 
Hydraotes (Hyarotes, Adris) fl., a r. of 

India e. Gangem, Mling into Hydaspes fl. 

below Mallorum urbs. Ravee, 
Hydrax, a town of Pentapolis, Cyrenaicse, 

bet. Limnias and Damis. 
Hydrela, a surname of Caria, Phrygise. 
Hydriacus (Caudriacus) fl., a r. of Ge- 

drosia, falling into Paragon sin. at Tal- 

mena. 
Hydbuntum (Hydrus), a city of Japygia, 

on the Adriatic, bet. Lupia (25) and Cas- 

trum Minervse (8). The nearest port to 

Greece. A Cretan coL Otranto. 
Hydrus fl., a r. of Calabria, Mling: into the 

sea at Hydruntum. Idro, 
IHydrusa ins., an isl. of Attica, in Saronicus 

sin., N.w. of Zoster prom. Cambonisi, 
Hyele, Italise, i. q. Velia. 
Hyelium, a town of Phrygia Mag., on Mse- 

ander fl. 
Hyettus, a town of Boeotia, e. of Tegyra. 

Named after Hyettus, the Argive. 
Hyettusa ins., an isl. of Ionia, in Ica- 

rium mare, over against Panormus. Gaith- 

nosi. 
Hygastus, a town of Caria. 
Hygenna, Lycise. Vide Ibytenna. 
Hygris, a town, of the Jazyges, Sarmat., 

on Palus Msfbtis, bet. Lycus fl. and 

Poritas fl. 
HylmS, a people of Sarmatia Eur., on the 

Borysthenes, L., towards its mouth. 
Hyl«tus fl., a 1. of the Locri Ozolse, fall- 
ing into Crissseus sin., s. of Tolophon. 
HYLiEUM mare, the strait separating Achillei 

Cursus, Sarmat., from the mainland. 
Hylas fl., a r. of Bithynia, flowing from 



Arganthonius m. into Cianus sin. The 

scene of the story of Hylas. 
Hyle, I. a town of Boeotia, n.e. of ThebsB 

palus. Noted for its shields. II. of Cy- 
prus, near Curium. Sacred to Apollo 

Hylates. 
Hylias fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into the 

Ionian sea at Patemum ; the limits of the 

territories of Thurii and Crotona. Calonato. 
Hylice palus, a lake of Boeotia, s.e. of Co- 
pals palus, formed by a subterraneous 

stream from that lake. L. Livadhi ; Sen^ 

zina. 
Hylius fl., a r. of Argolis, running into 

Saronicus sin. below llei. Eileo. 
Hyllaicus portus, one of the harbours of 

Corcjrra oppidum. Noted for its beautiful 

scenery. 
Hyllarima (Hilarema), a town of Caria, N. 

of Stratonicea. The birth-place of Hiero- . 

cles. 
Hyllini, a tribe of Dalmatse, Illyria, about 

Hyllis prom. 
Hyllis prom., a pr. of the Dalvnatse, in 

Ill3nria, n. of Epidaurus. Sabioncello. . 
Hyllus (Phrygius) fl., a r. of Lydia, rising 

in Phrygia Epictetus, near the source of 

Rhyndacus fl., and falling into Hermus fl. 

above Magnesia ad Sipylum. 
Hyllyala, a village of Caria. The death 

place of Hyllus. 
Hymettus m., m. of Attica, the southern 

range of Pentelicus m., s.e. of Athens. 

Famous for its honey, and for its marble 

quarries. Trelovouni ; Monte Matio, 
Hymos ins., an isl. of Rhodes. 
Hynidos, a town of Caria, near Alabanda. 
Hyoessa f., a stream of Argolis, falling into 

Taurus fl. 
Hypacaris fl., Sarmat., i. q. Carcinis. 
Hypach^i, a primitive tribe in Cilida, 

afterwards calling themselves Cilices, from 

Cilix, son of Agenor. 
HYPiEA ins, one of the Stsechades ins., Nar- 

bonensis, e. of Mese ins. Isle du Levant : 

du Titan. 
Hypjelochii, a tribe of Molossi. 
Hyp^epa, a town of Lydia, near the source 

of Caystrus fl., under TmoluS m. Sacred 

to Venus. Noted for the especial beauty 

of its women. Birkhe, 
Hypjesia (iEpasium), a district of Triphylia, 

in Elis, about Leprsum. 
Hypana, a town of Triphylia, Elis, near 

Pylos. Upana, 
Hypanis fl., I. Ind., i. q. Hyphasis. II. 

of Sarmatia Asiat., i. q. Vardanus. III. 

postea Buges, of Sarmatia e., bet. Ax^aces 

fl. and the Borysthenes. Boy. 
Hypata, a town of the iEn\a»ft&,TcftaaaSic^> 



HYP 



180 



IBE 



on the right bank of Sperchius fl., oppo- 
site Macracomse, 27 m* s.w. from Phar- 
salus. Its women were reputed sorceresses. 
Castritza. 

Htp ANTON m., a m. of Boeotiai n.e. of 
Thebes. Klephto Vouni, 

Hyperborei m.y i. q. Rhiphsei. 

Htperdexion, a town of Lesbos. 

Hyperea, a name, with Homer, of Libur« 
nia. 

Hyperea fons, a fountain of Pelasgiotis, in 
Thessaly, near Pherae. 

Hyperesia, the early name of iBgira, in 
Achaia. 

Hyperis fl., a r. of Persis, falling into 
Persicus sin. bet. Arada ins. and Bri- 
soana fl. 

Hypertaleaton, a village of Laconia, n.e. 
of Asopus. 

Hyphali, a maritime town of Cyrenaica, 
w., bet. Liba and Euschoenus. 

Hyphasis (Axiaces, Hypanis) fl., a r. of 
India e. Gangem, faUing into the Indus at 
Alexandria. The boundary of Alexander's 
eastern conquests, on the banks of which 
he raised altars. Bej/ah. 

Hyphormus, a port of Attica, near Sunium. 
Enea Pyrga. 

Hypius, I. a r. of Bithynia, rising in Hypius 
m., and, after foi-ming Daphnusis lac., fall- 
ing into the Euxine 2^2 m. e. from Sanga- 
rius fl. Miian. II. a summit of Olympus 
m., Bithynia, n.e. of Daphnusis lac. 

Hypocremnus prom., Ionise, i. q. Apo- 
cremnus. 

Hypooromos prom., a pr. of Libya, on the 
Atlantic, s. of Masitholus prom. Cabo 
Roxo, 

HypotheR(E, Boeotia, i. q. Potnise. 

Hypfeliune, a town of Phrygia, near Ca- 
rura. 

Hypsarnus fl., a r. of Boeotia. 

Hyps AS fl., I. a r. of Sicily, falling into 
Afric. pelagus, bet. Silinus and Isborus 
11. Belici, II. of Sicily, falling into the 
sea near Agrigentum. Dnago, 

Hypsele, a town of Thebais, on the Nile, 
L., bet. Apollinis Minor dvitas and Abo- 
tis. 

Hypsigorus m., i. q. Dysorus. 

Hypsus, I. a town of Arcadia, near Thy- 
reum. II. of Lacouia, on Smenus fl., 
N.w. of Las. 

Hyrcania, I. a country of Asia, bounded 
N. by the Caspian and by Sogdiana, at 
Oxus fl., s. by Parthia, at Labuta m., w. 
by Media and the Caspian, e. by Mar- 
giana. Noted for its tigers, vines, figs, 
olives, and honey. Wei'kana. II. its ca- 
pital, on Maxera fl., L. IVerkana. III. a 



town of Lydia, in Hyrcanius campus, on 

Hyllus fl. 
Hyrcanium, a fortress of Judsea, built by 

Hyrcanus. 
Hyrcanium mare, i. q. Caspium. 
Hyrcanius campus, a plain of Lydia, 

watered by Hyllus fl. Colonized by Hyr- 

canians and Macedonians. 
Hyrgis fl., a r. of Sarmatia Asiat., falling 

into tlie Tanais above Gelonus. Donetz. 
Hyria (Uria), I. a town of Boeotia, in the 

territory of Tanagra, towards Aulis. II. 

of Cilicia Trachea, on Calycadnus fl., above 

Seleucia. III. of Messapia, on Via Appia, 

bet. Scamnum and Mesochoron, e. of Ta- 

rentum. Founded circa 1000 B.C. by some 

Cretan settlers. Oria, IV. according to 

Pliny, the early name of Zacynthus ins. 

V. according to Ovid, the name of Conope 

lac., after Hyrie, mother of Cycnus. 
Hyris prom., a pr. of Bithynia, on Pro- 

pontis, 14 m. E. from Acritas prom. 
Hyrmine, I. a prom, of Epea, Elis, n. of 

Cyllene, over against Cephallenia. C. Chia- 

renza. II. a town of Epea, Elis, within 

the cognominal prom. Extinct in Strabo'ti 

time. 
Hyrminius fl., a r. of Sicily, falling into 

Afric. pelagus w. of Motycanus fl. Mauli. 
Hyrtacina, a town of Crete. 
Hysbe, a town of Lydia. 
Hysi.e, I. a town of Argolis, on the confines 

of Arcadia, bet. Cenchrese and Tegea. 11. 

of Attica, near CEnoe. 
Hysije, a town of Boeotia, under Cithaeron 

m., 1 m. s.E. from Platsea. Founded by 

Nycteus, father of Antiope. Platania. 
Hyspriatis, a town of Armenia. 
Hysselinus m., Argolis, i. q. Arachnaeus. 
Hyssus (Susarmia) fl., ar. of Pontus, falling 

into the Euxine at Hyssus. Sounnenah, 
Hyssus portus (Psoron, postea Susarmia), a 

port of Pontus, 22 m. e. from Trapezus, 

at the mouth of Susarmia fl. 



I. 



Iapis, a r. of Grsecia extra Peloponnesum, 
rising in Kerata m., and, after separating 
Attica from Megaris, falling into Saronicus 
sin. s.w. of Eleusis. 

Iar'-in (" western land," Erin), the early 
name of Hibemia. 

Ibera Julia (Ilercavonia), capital of the 
Ilercaones, Tarraconensis, on the coast s. 
of the Iberus. A municipium. 

Iberia, I. a country of Asia, bounded n. by 



IBE 



181 



IDA 



Sarmatia Asiat., s. by Armenia, w. by 
Colchis, and at one period by Pontos, e. 
by Albania. Georgia. II. the name 
given generally to Spain, but more cor- 
rectly to its southern portion, from the 
Iberes, whom Scylax designates the earliest 
people in Europe. 

Iberingjs, a people of India e. Gangem, on 
Dorius 11., towards its source. 

Iberni (luemi), a people from Iberia 
(Spain) settled generally in Southern 
Hibemia. 

Ibernium, a port of the Durotriges, Brit. 
Bere Regis, 

liiERDS fl., a r. of Tarraconensis, rising in 
yiudius m., above Juliobriga, and fedling 
into the Mediterranean below Dertosa, s. 
of Tarraco. Ebro. 

Ibettes fl., a r. of Samos, falling into the 
sea near Samos. 

Ibis, a town of the Contestani, Tarraco- 
nensis, N.N.v^. of Lucentum. 

Ibium, a town of Heptanomis, on the Nile, 
L., 24 m. X. from Hermopolis. Minyeh 7 

Ibligo, a town of Venetia.. Iplis, 

.Ibliodurum, a town of the Mediomatrices, 
Belgica I., bet. Verodunum w. and Divo- 
durum e. 

Ibora, a town of Pontus, bet. Agriane and 
Pardonesa. 

Ibytenna, a town of Lycia ; the Hygenna 
of Herodotus. 

IcARiA, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
^geis, at the foot of Icarius m., bet. 
Cecropia and Chastia. 

IcARiUM mare, the portion of the ^gean 
bet. Icarus and Samos ins. n., and Patmos 
and Lepsia s. Named after Icarus, son 
of Deedalus, who fell into the sea here. 

IcABius m., a m. of Attica, w. of Acharnae, 
N.w. of Athens. Tragomano, 

IcARTA, a town of the Bettigi, Ind., under 
Adisathrus m., N. of Candipatna. 

Icarus (Icaria, Doliche, Macris, Ichthyo- 
cssa), I. an isl. of Ionia, in the iEgean, s.w. 
of Samos. Named from the fate of Icarus, 
son of Daedalus. Noted for its strong 
wines. Nicaria. II. fl., a r. of Bactriana, 
falling into the Axus e. Aederab, 

IcATALJB, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, on 
Mseotis palus. 

IcAUNA fl., a r. of Gaul, falling into the 
Sequana at Condate. Yonne, 

IcENi (Simeni), a maritime people of Flavia 
Csesariensis, bet. the Catavellauni w., the 
Trinobantes s., Metaris iEstuar. n., and 
the German ocean £. Norfolk and Suf- 
folk. 

IcHANA, a maritime town of Sicily, s.e., 
above Pacbynumj)rom. 



IcHARA ins., an isl. of Arabia Felix, in Pes- 
sicus sin., 130 m. s. from Achana fl. 

IcHN^ (Achnse), I. a town of Bottisest 
Macedonia, - on Thermaicus sin., above 
the mouth of Ludias fl. II. (Ichnii^ 
Ischnse), of Osrhoene, on Bellas fl., bet. 
Alagma and Nicephorium. Built by the 
Macedonians. The death -place of the son 
of Crassus. III. of Phthiotis, Thessaly, 
N.w. of Phyllus. 

IcHNusA ins., a name of Sardinia, from its 
resemblance to a footstep. 

IcHTHYOPHAGi, maritime people thus named 
from their living upon fish, are described 
by ancient geographers, 1. in Sinica ; 2. in 
Arabia, on Persicus sin. ; 3. in Libya, on 
the Atlantic; 4. in Gedrosia, on Ery- 
thrseum m. 

IcHTHYs prom., a pr. of Epea, Elis, over 
against Elatus m., Zacynthi. C Ca/o- 
colo. 

IciANi, a town of the Iceni, Brit., bet. Caio-' 
boricum and Villa Faustina. Ickburgh* 

IciDMAGUS, a town of the Vellavi, Aqui> 
tania I., bet. Revessio w. and Aquae Se- 
getse N. Jssengeaux. 

IciNiACUM, a town of Germania Mag., on 
the Danube, bet. Vetoniana and Biriciana. 

IcLODURUM, a town of the Caturiges, Vien- 
nensis, bet. Vapincum w. and Caturigae 

E.N.E. 

IcoNiuM, capital of Lycaonia, bet. Laodicea 
and Lystra. Named from the eiktm or 
image of Gorgon, brought there by Jason. 
The scene of the labours of St. Paul and 
Barnabas. Konia; Cogni. 

IcoRiGiuM, a town of the Ubii, Grermaniall,, 
bet. Marcomagus and Ausava. 

Icos ins., an ins. of Thessaly, in the .^gean^ 
N.E. of Solimnia. Colonized by Gnossiana 
from Crete. louia. 

IcosiuM, a maritime town of Mauritania 
Cssar., bet. Rusconium and Casee Cal* 
venti. A colonia. Built by twenty of the 
companions of Hercules. ShershelL 

IcTiMULA (Castellum Ictimuli), the town of 
the Ictimuli, a tribe of Salassi, towarda 
Vercellse. 

IcuLiSMA, a town of the Santones, Aqui- 
tania II., e. of Condate. Angoulime. 

Ida m., I. m. of Asia Minor, extending frota 
about Zeleia n. to Lectum prom, s.w* 
Named from the Cretan Ida. II. a range 
of m. running through Crete from w. to 
£. Its summit, especially called Ida (the 
modem Psilorati)^ occupies the centre of 
the island, n.w. of Gortys. Sacred to 
Jupiter, as his birth-place, and to Cybele. 

Idacus, a town of Chersonesus Thrada, on 
the Hellespont, s. of Cynossema. 



ID^ 



182 



ILI 



iDJRAf a name of Creta ins., from Ida m. 

IdXlium (Idalia), a town of Cyprus, near 
Pedalium prom., with a grove sacred to 
Venus. 

Idanusa, a town of Novem Populana, in 
the Pyrenees. Indaus. 

Idara (Arre Vicus), a town of the Malan- 
gitee, Arabiae, s.w. of Biabanna. Derail. 

Ide, a town of Chersonesus Thracia, on 
Melas sin., n. of Paeon. 

Ideessa, a town of Iberia, on the confines 
of Colchis. Built by Phrixus, the prede- 
cessor of the Argonauts. 

Idex fl., a r. of Gallia Cispadana, falling into 
Padus fl. w. of Silarus fl. The boundary 
bet. the Boii and the Lingones. Idice. 

loiCAUA (Diacira), a town of Arabia Felix, 
on Mesanites sin., at the old mouth of the 
Euphrates. El Kader. 

Idicra, a town of Mauritania, 25 m. s.w. 
from. Mileum. 

Idistavisus campus, a place in the terri- 
tory of the Cherusd, Germania, on Vi- 
surgis fl., L., below Ascahngium. The 
locality of the defeat of Arminius by Ger- 
manicus. 

Jdomene, I. two hills in Amphilochia, Acar- 
nania, on the e. coast of Ambracius sin., 
N. of Olpse. II. of Ematbia, Macedoniae, 
on the confines of Pelagonia. Idomeni, 

Idomus, a town of the Triballi, Moesia, on 
Margus fl., R., bet. Jo vis pagus and Ad 
Octavum. 

Idora, a town of Arabia Felix, in the De- 
sert, s.w. of Nascus. 

Idrjs, a people of Sarmatia, s. of the Nasci. 

Idreas, the early name of Euromus, in 
Caria. 

IsuBEDA m., m. of Tarraconensis, extending 
from Vindius m., about Juliobriga, s.e., 
to the Mediterranean at Caprasia prom. 
Sierra d* Oca, 

Idumaa, the classical name of Edom. 

Idumania (Sidumanis) fl., a r. of theTrino- 
bantes, Brit., falling into Germanic. Oc. 
below Camulodunum. Blackwater, 

Idyma, a town of Caria, on Idymus fl. 

Idymus fl., a r. of Caria. 

Idyrus, a port of Pamphylia, e. of Climax. 

Ieratis, a town of Persia, on the coast bet. 
Sitacus fl. (88) and Padagrus fl. 

Ierne, the term given by Strabo to lar-in 
(Erin). 

Ig^dita (Egitania), a town of Tarraco- 
nensis, near Lancia Oppidana. Idanha la 
Vieja. 

Igilgilis, a town of Mauritania Caesar., 
on Numidicus sin., bet. Choba and Pac- 
dana. A colonia of Augustus. Gigel; 
Gigeri, 



Igilium ins., an isl. of Etruria, w. of Cosa-*^ 
num prom. Giglio. 

Igilliones, a people of Sarmatia, s. of the- 
Sudeni. 

louviuM, a town of Umbria, s. of Tifemum 
Tiberinum, at the foot of the Apennines. 
The head of an Umbrian confederacy, in 
alliance with Rome. A munidpium. Here, 
in 1440, were found the famous Eugubbian 
Tables. In the vidnity was a temple and 
oracle of Jupiter Apenninus ; and Lanzi 
suggests that the name Iguvium is a cor- 
ruption of Vicus Jovius. Eugubbio ; Gwft- 
bio. 

Ijon, a town of Galilaea, on Jordan fl., R., 
towards its source. 

Ikenild Street (Icenild, Via Vidnalis), a 
road to London from the territory of the 
Iceni. 

Ila, I. a r. of Britannia Barbara, falling into 
the German ocean s. of Vervedrum prom. ; 
it separates the Cornavii n. from the Lugi 
8. Wick, II. a maritime town of Car- 
mania-Rudiane, bet. Dara fl. and Tarsias 
prom. 

Ilarcuris, a town of the Carpetani, Tarra- 
conensis, N. of Iluda. 

IlargOs fl., a r. of Vindelicia, falling int(v 
the Danube at Piniana castra ? Uler, 

Ilaris, a town of Lyda. 

Ildum, a town of the Ilercaones, Tarraco- 
nensis, N.w. of Etovesa, ^\ m. from th& 
sea. Salaadella ? 

Ilea, a demus of Attica. 

Ilei, a town of Argolis, on the Hylius fl., 
bet. Troezen and Hermione. Ileo. 

Ileosca, with Strabo, i. q. Osca. 

Ilercaones (Illurgavonenses, Ilergaones), a 
maritime people of Tarraconensis, e., bet. 
Tulds fl. N. and Sepelad s. Valenciaf 
and S.E. Arragon. 

Ilercates, a mountain tribe of Liguria, n» 
of the Apuani. 

Ilerda, capital of the Ilergetes, Tarraoo- 
nensis, on the Sicoris fl., R., towards its 
confluence with Cinga fl. A colonia. 
Lerida. 

Ilergavonia (Hibera Julia), the andent 
capital of the Ilercaones, on the Ib^ns, 
opposite Dertosa. A municipium. 

Ilergetes (Ilergetae, Ilerdetse), a people of 
Tarraconensis, on Cinga fl., bet. Sicx)ris fl. 
and the Iberus, about Ilerda. Arragon, 

Ilesium, a town of Boeotia. 

Ilessus, a town of the Locri Ozoles, s. of 
Tritaea. 

Ilica, a town of Zcugitana, under Cima m. 

Ilienses, a tribe of Trojans settled in Sar- 
dinia, bet. the Sulsitani n. and the Scspi- 
tani s. About Hena* 



ILI 



183 



1MB 



Iiio, Epiri, i. q. Elseus. 

Iliocone, a town of Mysia, near Pariuia. 

Ilion, a town of Phoebotis, in Illyria, on 
Apsus fl., N.w. of Codrion. 

Ilipa, sumamed Magna and Ilia, a town of 
the Turtuli, Bsetica, on the BsetiSy R., 63 
m. above Hispahs, opposite the junction 
of Singilis fl. Alcolea ; Penaflor ? 

IlYfa (Ilipiila), a town -of the Tortetani, 
Bsetica, on Urius fl., n.e. of Onoba. 
Niehla. 

Ilipula m., m. of Bsetica, separating the 
Turtuli N. from the Bastuli s. Sierra 
Nevada^ Sierra de Alhamilla, and Sierra 
de Aniequera, 

I1.ISSUS, a stream of Attica, rising x.e. of 
Athens, and, at one time, falling into 
Saronicus sin., but now losing itself, after 
a short com*se s., in marshes. Sacred to the 
Muses, hence called Ihssiades. The lus- 
tration of the lesser mysteries was usually 
performed on its banks. Ilisse, 

Ilistra, a town of Lycaonia, bet. Isaurica 
and Parlais, s.e. of Lystra. 

Ilium Novum, a city of Troas, 3f m. n.w. 
from Troja, 21 s. from Abydus. Built 
circa 1180 B.C. Enlarged and walled by 
Lysimachus. Named after lUon, son of 
Troas. Hissardjick., Eski Kalapfali, 

Ilius m., a m. of Laconia, w. of Las. 

IiiLiBERTS fl., I. a r. of Narbonensis, running 
by Illiberis. Tech, II. (Liberini), a town 
of Baetica, on Singilis fl., s.e. of Ulia, 
Granada. III. (Eliberi), postea Helena, 
a town of the Bebryces, Narbonensis I., 
on lUiberis fl., bet. Rusdno and Stabula. 
Enlarged and renamed by Constantine the 
Great. The death-place of Constans. 
Elne, 

Illici (Illice, lllicia, Elia), a town of the 
Contestani, Tarraconensis, 8 m. inland 
from lUidtanus sin., s.w. of Lucentum. 
A colonia. The death-place of Hamilcar. 
Near Elche. 

Illicitanus sin., a bay of the Mediterranean, 
in Tarraconensis, bet. Satumi prom. s. and 
Artemisium prom. n. Named from lUici. 
G. ofAlicant, 

Illiturois, a town of the Turtuli, Bsetica, 
on the Baetis, above Ucia. Destroyed by 
8cipio. Rebuilt and appointed a colonia 
(Julium). Appian calls it Ilyrgia. Baza, 

Illyria, a country of Europe, extending 
along the e. coast of the Adriatic from 
Istria to Epirus, and inland to Dravus fl., 
and the frontiers of Moesia and Macedonia. 
Under the Romans it was divided into the 
provinces of Illyricum and Pannonia. 

iLLYRiCiB Gentrs, various tribes of Thracian 
descent occupying Illyria. 



Illyricum, a province of Rome, consisting 
of Illyria Barbara, postea Romana, and 
Illyria Grseca, the former comprising 
Japydia, Libumia, and Dalmatia ; the 
latter extending from the Drilo to the 
Aous. 

Illyris ins., an isl. of Lyda, in the Lydmn 
mare. 

Ilorci (Eliocrora), a town of the Bastitani, 
Tarraconensis, bet. Carthago Nova (48) 
and Basti (50). Lorca, 

Ilucia, a town of the Carpetani, Tarraco- 
nensis, on the Anas, above Metellinum. 

Ilunum, a town of the Bastitani, Tarra- 
conensis, below Turbula. 

Iluratum, a town of Taurica Chersonesos, 
w. of Panticapeeum. 

Iluro (Eluro, Diluro), I. a town of the Lace- 
tani, Tarraconensib, n.e. of Beetulo. Ma- 
iaro, II. of the Ilergetes, 12 m. from 
Aspaluca. Argels, III. capital of the 
Osquidates, Novem Populana, bet. Bene- 
hamum n.n.w. and Aspaluca s. 

Iluza, Phrygise, i. q. Alydda. 

Ilva (^thalUi) ins., I. an isl. of Etruria, 
10 m. s.w. of Populonium. Occupied first 
by the Phoenicians and then by the Tyr- 
rheni. Celebrated for its iron«mines. Elba, 
II. of Sardinia, n.e. above Phintonis ins. 
Santa Madalena, 

Ilvates, a people of liguria, s. of the 
Statielli. 

Ilyrgia, apud Appian, i. q. lUiturgis. 

Imachara, a town of Sicily, n.w. of Eryce. 

Imaduchi, a people of Sarmatia Asiat., in 
Caucasus m. Traina. 

Im^us, I. a ridge of the Apennines, towards 
the E. shore of Fucinus lac. II. a village 
of the Marsi, on the cognominal moun- 
tains, bet. Cerfenna (5) and Statuls (7)* 
Forca Carrasa. 

Imaus m., a range of Taurus, dividing Scy- 
thia into ScytMa i. Imaum and Scythia e. 
Imaum, and separating Scythia itscdf from 
India. Part of Himalaya. 

Imbarus m., a portion of Taurus, in Ar- 
menia Maj., according to Strabo, or in 
Cilida according to Pliny. 

Imbrasus fl., priut Parthenius, a r. of Samos 
ins., falling into the sea at Samos opp. 
From the temple of Juno on its banks, 
that goddess was sumamed Imbrasia. 

Imbros, I. an isl. of Thrace, in the .^ean, 
bet. Samothrace ins. and Mastusium prom., 
22 m. N.E. of Lemnos. Settied by the 
Tyrrheni Pelasgi. A seat of the Cabiric 
worship, and of the adoration of Mercury 
Imbranus. Its soldiers excelled in the use 
of the javeUn. Imbro. II. its capital, on 
the S.E. coast, opposite Mastusium prom. 



IMI 



184 



INS 



Castro, III. a citadel of Caunus, in 
Caria. 

Imitii, a people of Sarmatia Asiat., on 
Imitys fl. 

Imitys fl.y A f* of Sarmatia Asiat., in Cissii 
m. 

Imma, a town of Seleuds, Syris, e. of Se- 
leucia. The locality of the first victory of 
Aurelian over Zenobia. Cuph. 

Immadrus ins., an isl. of Narbonensis II., 
s.w. of Massilia. 

Imphees, a tribe of Perrhsebi, in Thessaly. 

Inachorium, a town on the w. coast 
of Crete, bet. Bienon and Criumetopon 
prom. San Niccolo. 

InXchus fl., I. a r. of Argolis, rising in 
Lyrcseus m., about 10 m. n.w. from Argos, 
and falling into Argolicus sin. at Teme- 
nium. Feigned by the poets to be a con- 
tinuation of the Amphilochian Inachus. 
Xeriadry. II. of Athamania, rising in 
Lacmon m., towards the source of iEas fl., 
and falling into Achelous fl. s.e. of Hera- 
clea. Fabled by some of the ancients to 
pass under the sea, and to rise again as 
Inachus fl. of Argolis. Ariadha, 

In Alpe, a town of the Ambisontii, in Nori- 
cum, near Tamasici. Tauem. 

In Alpe Julia, a town of the Ambidravi, 
Noricum. Hotedorchiz. 

Inapjbi, a people of Sarmatia Asiat. 

In Apennino, a town of Apuani, in Liguria, 
on Via Aurelia, bet. Monilia (13) and 
Boron (2). Matarana, 

Inapha, a town of Arabia Felix, s.w. of 
Labris. Hanifah, 

Inarime, '^ abounding with apes,'' the Tus- 
can name of ^naria. 

Inata, a town of Crete, on Catarrhactes fl., 
bet. Hierapytna (32) and Lyctus. 

Inatus m., a summit of Ida, in Crete, e. of 
Lyctus. 

Incaro, a town of the Segoregii, Narbonen- 
sis, on the coast, 12 m. w. from Massilia. 
Carry, 

Incognitus sin., a bay of the Red Sea, 
below Orine. 

Inoabara, a town of Surasena, Indiee, on 
Diamuna fl., R., above Methora. 

Indaprath^, a people of India e. Gangem, 
on Doanus fl., R., towards its source. 

Indesina, a town of the Leuci, Belgica I., 
N.w. of Divodurum. 

India, a country of Asia, bounded n. by 
Scythia at Imaus m. and Serica, s. by 
Erythrseum mare, w. by Erythrseum mare 
and Aria, e. by the Sinae and Eous oc. 
It comprehended India extra Gangem e. 
and India intra Gangem w. Ptolemy as- 
signs for its w. limits Paropamisus, Ara- 



chosia, and Gedrosia. India, Thibetr 
Birmaht Ava^ Sfc, 

Indicomordana, a town of Sogdiana, to- 
wards Bactria, w. of Oxiana. 

Indigetes (Indicetse), a maritime people of 
Tarraconensis, under the Pyrenees, n.e. of 
the Ausetani. Catalonia n.e., Ampur^ 
dan ? 

Indo-Scythia, a district of India e. Gan- 
gem, on both sides of the Indus, towards 
its mouth. 

Indus fl., I. a r. of Asia, rising in Paio- 
pamisus m., towards the source of the 
Ganges, and after separating, in a course 
of 1300 miles, India from Aria, &c., felling 
into Indicus oc. by two mouths below 
Sindomana, w. of Barace ins. InduSf 
Sind, II. of Caria, rising in the m. of the 
Cybyrata, and, after receiving 60 rivers 
and 100 torrents, faUing into the Medi- 
terranean at Panor mus Cau norum . Named 
from an Indian who fell into it from his 
elephant. Kaignez, 

Indu STRIA, Oallicd Bodincomagus, priu8 
Allustria, a town of the Taurini, in Liguria, 
on Padus fl*., bet. Quadratse and Cestse. 
Monteu di Po, near Verrua, 

Inferum Mare, a name of Tyrrhenium 
mare, as being s. of or below the Apen- 
nines. 

iNGiBYONES, a people of Germania Magna, 
on its N.w. coast, w. of the Vindili and 
Hermiones. 

Ingauni (Ingaunes), a people of Liguria, 
bet. the Alpes Maritimae and the sea, e. of 
the Intemelii, about Album Ingmmum. 
Named from the hero Annus. 

Ingena, i. q. Abrincatui. 

In GILA, a town of Gumathene- Armenia, n. 
of Amida. 

Ingitltngum, a town of the Brigantes, Brit, 
on Abus fl., L., bet. Lavatree and Catarac- 
tonium. 

Ingriones, the s. portion of the Tencteri, 
Germania. 

Inicerum, a town of the Andizetes, Panno- 
nise, bet. Menneianae (28) and Picentinum. 
Vucsin, 

Inimurium, a townof Noricum, on Mums fl., 
14 m. from In Alpe. St, Michael. 

Inna fons, I. a fountain of Thrace, on the 
borders of Pseonia, where Midas caught 
Silenus. II. a town of Drangiana-Tata- 
cene, on Phamacotus fl., L., above Phroph- 
tasia. 

Inopus fl., a r. of Delos ins., falling into the 
sea at Delos oppid. 

In Portu, a town of Etruria, 17 m. e. from 
Valvata. Near La Scala, 

Insani m., m. of Sardinia, n.w. of Forum 



INS 



185 



IRA 



Trajani. Named from their rugged im- 
practicability. 
Insubres (Isombriy Symbrici, Symbri), I. a 
colony of the Gaulish Insubres in Gallia 
Transpadana, on Padus fl., s. of the Orobii, 
bet. Ticinus fl. w. and Addua fl. e., but 
extending earlier to Sessites fl. w. and 
. Clusius fl. B. II. a people of Lugdunensis 
I., on the territory afterwards occupied by 
the Segusiani. 

Insula Sacra , an isL at the mouth of the 
Tiber, formed by its two branches. 

Intemelii, a people of Idguria, bet. the 
Alpes Maritimee and the sea, w. of the 
Ingauni, about Albintemelium. 

Interacrium, a town of Sabinium, on Ve- 
linus fl., 10 m. from Fistemae. Antro- 
doco, 

Interamnesia, a town of the Vettones, 
Lusitania, bet. the Durius and Cuda ffl. 

Intbramnia, I. a town of the Frentani, 
s.E. of Buca. Termoli, II. of Latium, on 
Liris fl., near its confluence with another 
r., not named, below Arpinum, near Casi- 
num. A colonia 314 b.c. III. of Lucania, 
at the springs of Laus fl., bet. Nerulum 
and Muranum. Firmo, IV. sumamed 
Prsetutiana, of Prsetutia, in Picenum, on 
Batinus fl., L., e. of Vicus Badies. A 
colonia and munidpium. Teramo, V. of 
Umbria, bet. the confluence of Nar fl. 
and a tributary stream, on Via Flaminia, 
bet. Namia (8) and Spoletium (18). 
Founded 733 b.c. A municipium. Noted 
for the extreme fertility of its territory. 
Temi. 

Interamnium-Flayium, a town of the 
Astiires, Tarrac., on Silia fl., L., s.E. of 
Bergidium. Potiferrada, 

Intercatia, a town of the Vaccsei, Tarra- 
conensis, 20 m. s.e. from Brigacium. 
Memorable in the life of Sdpio i^milianus. 
Beher. 

Intercisa, a town of Taleria, Pannonise, on 
the Danube, bet. Annamatia and Lus- 
sonium. Foldvar ? 

Intermanana, a town of Sabinium, 12 m. 
from JSquum Falsicum. Magliano. 

Interum Mare, i. q. Mediterraneum. 

Imterocrba, a town of Sabinium, on Ve- 
linus fl., R., bet. Cutiliae (6) and Forum 
Decii (14), on Via Salaria. Inter doco. 

Interpromium, a town of the Peligni, on 
Atemus fl., R., bet. Corflnium (12) and 
Teate (13) on Via Valeria. San Valen- 
tino, 

Intibili, a town of Tarraconensis, 27 m. 
S.W. from. Dertosa. 

Iktuergi, a tribe of Alemanni, Germanise, 
bet the Rhine, Moeniu fl., and Niter fl. 



Inuca, a town of Zeugitana, 13 m. from 
Sicilibba. 

loLcos, I. the shore of Pagasseus sin., near 
the cognominal town. II. a town of Mag- 
nesia, Thessaly, 1 m. n. from Demetrias, 
on Anaurus fl., under Pelion m. The 
birth-place of Jason. The inhabitants were 
transferred to Demetrias by Demetrius 
Poliorcetes. Extinct in the time of 
Strabo. 

loLASiT^, a people of Arabia Felix, e. of 
Zames m., towards the Astapeni. In El 
Ahsa, 

Ion, I. a r. of Estiapotis, in Thessaly, rising 
in Cercetius m., and falling into Peneus fl., 
below Eridnum. Cachia, II. a fortress 
of Sdros, Laconise, commandmg a pass 
into Arcadia. 

loNES, the Athenians, poetically so called, 
from Ion, son of Hellen. 

Ionia, I. a country of Asia Minor, bounded 
N. by JEoUSf s. by Caria, w. by Ionium 
mare, e. by Lydia. Peopled first by Lele- 
ges and Carians, and then by lones from 
Greece, whence the name. II. the name 
given to iEgialus, in Achaia, by the lones 
from Attica, who had blended with its 
original population, the ^gialees. III. 
postea Cephalus, a town of Cilicia Cam- 
pestris, on Issicus sin., e. of Pyramus fl. 

loNiD^, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
^geis. 

Ionium Mare, the portion of the Mediter- 
ranean which washes the shores of Epirus, 
Acamania, and Peloponnesus e., and of 
Magna Grseda w. ; s. of the Adriatic, N. 
of Libycum mare. Named after Ionia. 
Ionian Sea, 

loNitJs sin, i. q. Hadriaticum mare. 

Ionopolis, a later name of Aboniteichos. 

loRi, a tribe of Pseones, Macedonise, n. of 
Almopseia. 

los ins., I. an island of the JSgean, one of the 
Sporades, bet. Donysa and Sicinos. The 
birth-place of Homer's mother, and burial- 
place of the poet himself. Nio. II. a for- 
tress of Laconia. 

Ipagrum (i£gabrum), a town of the Tur- 
tuli, Bsetica, 43 m. n. of Antiquaria. Near 
Santaella. 

Ipni (Hypnus) ins., an island or rocky 
shoal of Magnesia, Thessaly, off Sepias 
prom. Ipnous. 

Ipnus, I. a town of the Locri Ozolse, s. of 
Myon. II. of Samos, n. of Samos oppid. 
Vathi. 

Ipsus, a town of Phrygia, bet. Synnada and 
Julia. The locality of the defeat and death 
of Antigonus. 

Ira, a fortress of Messenia, on Neda fl., n js. 



IRA 



186 



ISI 



of Dorium. The scene of Aristomenes' 
last efforts. Kakoletri, 
I&ASA, a town of Cyrenaica, on Triton 

palus. 
Ibjsne ins., I. an isl. in Argolicos sin. II. of 

Taprobane, off Nabarba. 
Ibenopolis, priua Neronias, a town of 

Cilicia II. 
Iresijb, a town of Pelasgiotis, Thessaly. 
Ibia, I. a r. df Liguria, falling into Padus ff . 
below Ina. /S/d^ora. II.Vicu8lBiA,atown 
of the Ananes, Liguria, on Ira fl., L., bet. 
Dertona (10) and Cameliomagus (16), on 
Via Posthumia. Voghera, III. Flavia, 
a town of the Lucenses, Tarraconensis, at 
the junction of Sars fl. with Ulla fl. El 
Padron, 
Irinon sin., i. q. Canthicus sin. 
Ibis fl., a r. of Pontus, rising n.e. of Co- 
mana, and enlarged by the Scylax and 
Lycus, falling into the Euxine 13 m. w. 
from Heracleum. Remarkable for its cir- 
cuitous course. Tokatlu. 
Ibus, I. a m. of Gedrosia, towards the mouth 
of the Indus. II. the capital of the Ma- 
lienses Hierenses, in Thessaly, w. of 
Lamia. 
Is fl., I. a r. of Babylon, running into the 
Euphrates, R., at Is. Hence came the 
bitumen with which the walls of Babylon 
were cemented. II. a stream of Lucania, 
falling into Inferum mare n. of Posidium 
prom. Jsso. III. (Sitha, Aiopolis), a town of 
Babylonia, at the confluence of Is fl. with 
the Euphrates, bet. Izannesopolis and 
Pylse, s.w. of Opis (98^ geog. m.). Hit. 
Isadici, a people of Sarmatia, towards the 

N. coast of the Euxine. 
Is^ portus, the port of Olizon, in Magnesia. 

Ise. 
Is ALA fl., a r. of Grermania, i. q. Salas. 
ISAMNiUM prom., a pr. of the Darini, Hi- 
bemia, opposite Monarina ins. Killard 
Point. 
IsAMUS fl., a r. of India i. Gangem, falling 

into the sea towards Patala. 
IsANUS fl., a r. of Illyria, rising in the m. of 
the Albani, and falling into the Adriatic 
below Sesarethus. Ismo, 
ISABA (Isargus) fl., I. a r. of VindeHcia, ris- 
ing in Alpes Rhaet., towards Parthenum, 
and falling into the Danube. Iser. II. 
(^sia, (Esia), a r. of Belgica II., falling 
into the Sequana at Anderitium. Oisi. 
III. a r. of Gaul, rising in Alpes Graiae, 
s.E. of Bergintrum, and falling into the 
Rhone above Valentia. Jsere, 
IsABCi, a tribe on the s. slope of the Alps, 

towards Mediolanum. About Arcisate. 
IsABii, a people of Vindelicia, on the Isara. 



Ilabus fl., i. q. Athesis. 

IsATicHJE, a people of Carmahia, occupying 
its N.w. angle. 

IsATis, capital of the Isatichse, Carmanise. 

IsAUBA, the later capital of Isaurica, bet. 
Caspia and Germanicopolis. Destroyed 
by Servilius ; restored by Amyntas, nearly 
on the same site, with the surname Eu- 
erces, " well-fortified." Zengi-Bor, 

IsAURiA, a district of Lycaonia, on the bor- 
ders of Pisidia. 

IsAUBUs fl., apud Lucan., L q. Pisaums. 

IsBOBUs (Isbures) fl., a r. of Sicily, rising in 
Coprianus m. and ftedling into Afric pela- 
gus w. of Thermae SeLinuntiie. 

ISBUS, a town of Isauria. 

IscA (Isaca, Celtice •* water,"), I. a r. of the 
Damnonii, Brit., falling into the sea be- 
low Isca Damnoniorum. Bx, II. of the 
Silures, Brit., falling into Sabrinse sest. 
below Isca Silurum. III. (Caer-uisk, '^dty 
on theEsk," Caer-Rydh, " red city," post^ 
ea Exan-ceaster), sumamed Damnonio- 
rum, capital of the Damnonii, Brit., on 
Isca fl., L., 10 m. from its mouth. A 
British city. Exeter. IV. sumamed 
Silurum (Augusta Silurum), capital of the 
Silures, Brit., on Isca fl., s.w. of Borrium. 
The station of the Legio Secunda Augusta, 
whence its modem name. Caer-Leon, 

IscADTA, a town of the Turtuli, Bsetica, 
bet. Tucci-Gemella n. and Ebura Cerealis 

S.8.E. 

IscABA, the Latin form of Ksrioth, Grafiles. 
IscHALTS, postea Giyelceaster, a town of 

the Belgse, Brit., s.w. of Sorbiodnnum. 

Ilchester, 
IscHiA ins., one of the (Enotrides ins., of 

Lucania. Ischia. 
IsciNA, a town of the Psylli, Africa Prop.» 

on Syrtis Maj., bet. Anlahon and Ad 

Palmam. . 

IscopoLis, the early name of Tripolis, 

Pontus. 
IsECHi, Insechi, i. q. Zechi. 
IsiACORUM portus (Jaco portus), a maritime 

town of the Tjrrangetae, Sarmatise, 11m. 

w. from Istrianorum portus. 
IsiONDA (Isinda), a town of Milyas, in 

Pisidia, 12 m. n.w. from Ataleia. 
Isis (Edom), I. an isl. of Arabia Felix, in 

the Red sea, over against Myos Honnns. 

II. a r. of Britain, rising w. of Duroeor- 

novium, and forming a junction with Tamis 

fl. at Dordnia civitas. III. a r. of Colchis, 

falling into the Euxine n. of Adnads fl. 

IV. a r. of Noricum, falling into ibo 

Danube below Ad Pontem Isis. Ipt. 
IsiUM, I. a town of Heptanomis, on 1^N!le» 

bet. Feme and Coene. II. of Thebais, on 



ISI 



187 



ITA 



the Nile, R., bet. Hieracon and Muthis, 
below LyoopoHs. 

laivs m.f I. a prom, of the Troglodytse, 
Ethiopia, s. of Chersonesus prom. Ras 
el Dwaer, 11. a fortress of Lycia, on the 
ooast^ 8 m. from Andriace. Pyrgo. 

IsMARiuM prom.y I. a pr. of the Cicones, 
Thrace, the termination on the ^gean of 
Ismaros m. C. Marogna. II. a m. of 
the CiconeSy Thrace, terminating in Isma- 
rium prom. Noted for its generous wine. 
The residence for a time of Orpheus. III. 
capital of the Cicones, Thrace, under 
Ismarium m., at Ismarium prom. Taken 
and plundered by Ulysses. 

IsMENE, a village of Oropus, on Ismenus fl. ^ 

IsifENUs, I. a stream of Boeotia, rising in 
Ismenus m. and faUing into Hylica lac. 
Ismeno. II. a hill of Boeotia, outside 
Homoloides porta, at Thebes. 

IsoMBROi, the Greek name of the Insubres. 

IsoAND^, a people of Sarmatia As., on 
Soana fl., n. of Gerrus fl. 

Isos, a town of Boeotia, on Euripus, n. of 
Salganeus. By some considered the Nysa 
of Homer. Lokisi, 

Isos, a town of Megaris, at the foot of 
Cithseron m. Extinct in Strabo's time. 

Israel, Kingdom of (called also of Ephraim 
and of Samaria), on both sides of the Jor- 
dan, comprising the tribes of Ruben, 
Simeon, Dan, Issachar, Zebulon, Naphtali, 
Gad, Asser, Ephraim, Manasseh. 

IssA ins., an isl. of the Adriatic, on the coast 
of the Dalmatae, one of the Libumides ins. 
Colonized by Syracusans. A Roman naval 
station. Noted for its wines. LUsa, 

IssA (Hiera), a town of Lesbos ins. 

Issachar (Isaschar), a tribe of Israel. 
Bounded n. by Zebulon, at Dobrath, s. by 
Ephraim, at Ebal loi., w. by the half-tribe 
of Manasseh, at Thebes, e. by the Jordan. 

IssEDON, I. capital of the Issedones, Serica, 
N.E. of the source of (Echardes fl. KantS" 
cheu, II. a town of Scythia i. Imaum, 
s.w. of Ausada. 

Issedones, a people of Serica, on Echardes 
fl. 

Issi, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica, towards 
the Tanais. 

Issicus sinus, a gulf of the Mediterranean, 
at Issus, bet. Megarsus prom, and Rossicus 
Soopulus. G. of Iskanderoon. 

Isstrs, a town of Cilida Campestris, at the 
head of Issicus sin. The locality of the 
great victory of Alexander over Darius. 

IsTJEVONES, a people of Germania Magna, 
bet. the Ingsevones n. and n.w., Germania 
II., at the Rhine, w., the Hermiones e., 
and Germania I., at the Rhine, s. 



IsTER (Istros) fl., the early Greek name of 

the Danube, from its mouth to its junction 

with the Savus. 
IsTHMiA Magnesica, the isthmus at the s. 

extremity of Magnesia, in Thessaly, at the 

e. entrance of Pagasseus sin. 
Isthmus, an early name of Halicamassus. 
IsTi prom., the w. extremity of Icarus ins. 
IsTONE m., a hill of Corcyra, 5 stadia w. 

from the capital. 
IsTRiANA, a town of the Themi, Arabia^ 

near Capeus sinus, s. of Thar. El Katiff, 
IsTRiANi, a people on Ister fl., towards its 

mouth. 
IsTRTANORUM portus, a port of Sarmatia,. 

3| geog. m. w. from Odessus. 
IsTRiANUS fl., a r. of Taurica Chersonesus, 

falling into the Euxine below Corax prom. 

Knup Tepi. 
IsTROPOLis, postea Constantia, a town of 

Moesia Inferior, below the mouth of the 

Danube. A Milesian settlement. Chiu^ 

stange, 
IsTROs, I. an isl. of Caria, bet. Cos ins. and 

Nisyrus ins., over against Triopium prom. 

Giali. II. (Istrona), a town of Crete, s. 

of Olus. Istrona, III. (Istropolis, Istria), 

a town of Moesia Inf., s. of the s. or sacred 

mouth of the Danube, or Ister, whence its 

name. A Milesian colony. 
IsTURGi, a town of the Turtuli, Bsetica, on 

the Bsetis, above Ripa. 
IsuMBus, a town of Thospitis, Armenia, 

N.E. of Artemita. 
IsuNiscA, a town of the Launi, Vindel., 

bet. Bratananium (12) and Pons .^Ini. 

s.w. of Helfendorff, 
IsuRA ins., an isl. of Arabia Felix, on the 

Persicus sin., 50 m. n.e. from Canis fl. 

Sheick Sure, 
IsuRiNUM (Isubrigantium), a maritime 

town of the Brigantes, Brit., s.e. of Cata- 

ractonium. Aldborough, 
Isus, a town of ^tolia. The bu*th-place of 

Alexander Isius. 
Itabyrius m., Atabyrius, i. q. Thabor. 
Italia (Hesperia, Satumia, (Enotria), a 

country of Europe, extending bet. Tyrrhe- 

nium mare and Hadriaticum mare, and from 

the Alps to Ionium mare. In length, by 

the great road through Rome and Capua, 

1020 Roman m. ; in direct distance 700 ; 

in greatest breadth, from Varus fl. to 

Arsia fl., 410 m. ; in least breadth, from 

Scyllacius sin. to Terinaeus sin., 20. n.w. 

it was bounded at first by Alpes Maritimse 

and afterwards by Varus fl. ; n.e. at first 

by Tergeste and afterwards by Arsia fl. 

By Augustus it was divided into eleven 

regions: I.Campania and Latium; 2. 



ITA 



188 



IXI 



Apulia and part of Samnium ; 3. Lucania 
and Bruttium ; 4. Samnium and the coun- 
tries of the Sabini, i£qui, Marsi, &c. ; d. 
Picenum ; 6. Umbria ; 7* Etruria ; 8. Fla- 
minia ; 9. Ligiuia ; 10. Venetia, Histria, 
and Camia; 11. Transpadana. Another 
distribution is: 1. Liguria; 2. Gallia 
Cisalpina ; 3. Venetia, Camia, and Histria; 
4. Etruria ; 5. Umbria and Picenum ; 6. 
the countries of the Sabini, iEqui, Marsi, 
Peligni, Vestini, Marrudni ; 7* Roma ; 8. 
Latium ; 9. Campania ; 10. Samnium and 
Frentania; 11. Apulia; 12. Lucania; 13. 
Bruttium. The peoples of Italy, exhibited 
in the nearest practicable chronological 
order, were : Umbri, Opici or Osci, iEno- 
tri, Sicaui, Siculi, Ligures, Aurunci, Auso- 
nes, Tyrrheni Pelasgi, Etrusci, Latini, 
VoLsci, Campani, Sidicini, Sabini, Picentes, 
^qui, Marsi, Hemici, Peligni, Yestini, 
Marrucini, Libumi, Apuli, Daunii, Peu- 
cetii, Psediculi, Calabri, Japyges, Messapii, 
Leutami, Chaones, Itali, Hirpini, .Pentri, 
Caraceni, Frentani, Leucani, Bruttii, Ve- 
neti, Galli. The name Italia {Grac. 
** heifer **) was at first appUed only to the 
country bet. Lameticus sin. and Scylleticus 
sin. ; its general extension took place under 
Augustus. Itali/, 
Italic A, I. a name given for a short time to 
Corfeniura, q. v. II. a town of the Tur- 
tetani, Bsetica, on the Beetis, above His- 
palis (6). Built by Scipio Africanus for 
the reception of the soldiers wounded in 
the Spanish war. A municipium and co- 
lonia of Hadrian. The birth-place of 
Trajan, Hadrian, and Silius Italicus. Se- 
villa Vieja. 
Italium, a town of the Caudini, Samnium. 
Itamus portus, a port of the Leanitae, on 
Persicus sin., at the mouth of Achana fl., 
bet. Sacer sin. and Leanitis sin. Ka- 
dema. 
Itanum prom., a pr. on the e. coast of 

Crete, n. of Ampelos prom. C. Yala. 
It AN us, a town on the e. coast of Crete, s. 

of Sammonium prom. * Sitano. 
Ithaca, I. an isl. of Acamania, bet. the 
continent and Cephallenia ins., 6 m. s.e. 
from Leucate prom., 30 m. round and 10 
long. Named after the hero Ithacus. 
The country of Ulysses. Here Homer 
resided for a considerable period with 
Mentor, one of the island chieftains, and 
the island itself is one of the seven places 
which dispute the honour of having been 
the poet's birth-place. Theaki. II. capital 
of the cognominal Island on the e. coast, 
over against Crithote prom. The residence 
of Ulysses. Aito, 



iTHACESiiB Ins., three islets of Bruttium, in 

Hipponensis sin., off Hipponium. Named 

from Ulysses. Braces Praca, and Torri- 

cella, 
Ithar, a town of Arabia Felix. 
Ithomb, I. a m. of Messenia, the citadd of 

Messene. Named after Ithome, the nurse 

of Jupiter. Vourkano, II. a town of 

Estieeotis, Thessaly, on the n. bank of 

Peneus fl., in the territory of Metropolis. 

Petchouri, 
Ithoria, a town of iEtolia, near Achelous fl., 

bet. Conope and Paeanium. Destroyed by 

Philip of Macedon. Ivoria. 
Itium prom., a pr. of Belgica, near Itios 

portus. C. Grinnez. 
Itius portus (Portus Morinorum), a port of 

the Morini, Belgica, above (^essonaoun. 

The place whence Cesar embarked for 

England. Witsand ; WissanL Named 

by the Flemings laten, and by the local 

sailors Essen, 
Itoana, a town of Caria, s.e. of Antiodiia. 
Iton, a town of Phthiotis, Thessaly, on 

Cuarius fl., w. of Alos. Near Armym, 
Itone, I. a town of Bruttium, s.w. of Melee. 

II. of Lydia, on Cimpsus fl. III. (^Egonne, 

Eugone), of Pontus, bet. Choloe and 

PiaU. 
Itucci, a town of the Turtuli, Bsetica, 8.K. 

of Corduba. A colonia (Virtus Julia). 

Called by Ptolemy Ulia. 
Ituna fl., a r. of Britain, falling into the 

sea at Itunae aestuar. Eden, 
Ituna estuar., the mouth of the Ituna fl., 

separating the Selgove, Brit., from the 

Brigantes. Solway Firth, 
Itur^a (Gressur, Jettur), a dbtrict of Syria, 

s. of TVachonitis, including Auranitis and 

Batanea. Inhabited by the descendants of 

Jetur, son of Ismad. Ljedour, 
Iturissa (Turissa), a town of Novem Popu- 

lana, bet. Pompelo and In Summo Pyre* 

neeo. Iturin. 
Itys fl., an estuary of Brit. Barb.» it. of 

Epidium prom. XocA Carran. 
luERNiA, the form given by Ptolemy to 

lar-in (Erin). 
luERNis, a town of the Gangani, Hibem. 

Aen (a former city w. of Cashel). 
luLis, a town of Ceos ins., on Elixos fl. 

The birth-place of Simonides, Bacchylides, 

Erasistratus, and Ariston the Peiqiatetic. 

It was the law here for every peraon, on 

attaining sixty, to poison himself. 
IvERNUs fl., a r. of Hibernia. Kinmoft* 
Ives, a town of Spain. 
IxiA, a fortress of Rhodes, s. of Lindas. 
IxiAS, a town of Bruttium, near ConseDtis* 
Carolei, 



IXU 



189 



JAS 



Ixus (Ixia), a port of Rhodus ins., near 

Lindus. Uxilico, 
IzALA m., m. of Asia, a ridge of Masius m., 

bet. Aisumas m. and the Tigris. 
IzANNESOPOLis, a town of Mesopotamia, 

on the Euphrates, bet. Olabus and Pylse. 



J. 



Jabadii ins., an isl. of India e. Gangem, 

8.E. of Bonse Fortunse ins. Noted for its 

barley. Java, 
Jabbsh, "dryness" (Jabesh-Gilead» Jabisus, 

Jabissa), a city of Manasseh, in Gilead, on 

Tabes fl., 6 m. £. from Pella. 
Jabbok fl., a stream of Pereea, rising n.e. of 

Rabbath Ammon and falling, after a course 

of 60 miles, into the Jordan, at Succoth. 

The boundary bet. the Amorites and the 

Ammonites. ZerJca. 
Jabneel (Jabneh, Jamnia), a city of the 

Philistines, 12 m. s. from Joppa. Yebna, 
Jabris, a town of the Darechenucae, Arabia, 

on Lar fl., e. of Nascus. 
Jabruda, a town of Phoenicia, towards 

Ocorura. Hebud, 
Jacca, capital of the Jacetani, Tarraconensis, 

n.e. of Cascantum. Ja^a, 
jACETANf, Tarraconensis, i. q. Lacetani. 
Jaco portus, i. q. Isiacorum portus. 
Jadbra, a town of the Libumi, lUyria, on 

the Adriatic, n. of Titius fl. A colonia of 

Augustus. Zara Vecchia. 
Jadua fl., a r. of the Burgundiones, Germ., 

falling into Viadrus fl. near it^ mouth. 
Jaesar, a town of Grad, Gileaditis, bet. 
Rabbath Ammon n.e. and Bethhoron 

8.W. 

Jaoath, a town of Mauritania Ting., near 

Talndafl. 
Jahzuh (Jahaz, Jahaza), a town of Moabi- 

tis, X. of Bezar. The locality of the defeat 

of Sihon by Moses. 
Jala fl., a r. of Gallia Cisalpina, ftdling into 

the Padns, towards Latis fl. Malea, 
Jal^ BUS, a Phoenician town of Rhodus ins., 

N.B. of Mylantia prom. Jaliso, 
Jambe ins., an isl. of Thebais, in the Red 

Sea, under Smaragdus m., s.e. of Ne- 

chesia. 
Jambia, a town of the Arsse, Arab., on the 

Red Sea, n. of Zaaram regia. Yembo, 
Jamnia, I. a town of GaUlsea Sup., n. of 

Csesarea. II. Vide Jabneel. 
Jamnitarum portus, the port of Jamnia, 

Judaea, s.w. of Jamnia. 



Jamno (Jamna, rectius Jamnorca, '* western 
place "), a town of Balearis Minor, on 
the N.w. coast. Ciudadela. 
Jamphorina, capital of the Msedi, Thrace, 
on Angites fl., towards its source, n.e. of 
Phragandse. 
Janua, i. q. Genua. 

Januarium prom., a pr. of Cilicia Campes- 
tris, on Issicus sin., e. of Ionia. 

Japydes (Japodes), an Illjrrian tribe, occu- 
pying the coast of the Adriatic from 
Timavus fl. to Jadera, and extending inland 
beyond Albiud m. towards Pannonia. A 
colony of these people settled and gave 
name to Japydia, or Japygia, in Italy. 

Japyges, descendants of the Japodes of II- 
lyria, settled in Japygia. 

Japygia, specially the Greek name of that 
district of Apulia which occupied the " heel 
of the boot " of Italy, s. of Peucetia, bet. 
Tarentinus sin. and Superum mare. Its 
early colonists, however, Japydes from 
Illyria, extended their migrations, fusing 
with the CEnotri, s. as far as Scylladum, 
and even beyond it. 

Japygium (Sallentinum) prom., a pr. of 
Japygia, at the e. entrance of Tarentinus 
sin. It formed the w. line of separation 
bet. tbe Ionian sea and the Adriatic, the e. 
being Acroceraunum prom. Capo di 
Leuca. 

Japygum Tria Promontoria, three prom, 
of Bruttium, s. of Lacinium prom. Capo 
delle CasiellOf C. RizzutOj C. delta Nave, 

Japyx fl., a stream of Calabria, falling inta 
the sea bet. Sybaris and Hydruntum. 

Jardanus fl., Elid., i. q. Addas. 

Jardanus fl., ar. of Epia, in Elis, running 
into the sea at Pheia. Cardamo, 

Jarganon, i. q. Gargara. 

Jarmuth (Jeremoth), a town of Juda, 
Judaea, 4 m. w. from Eleutheropolis. The 
Ramoih of Joshua. 

Jasonium, I. a prom, of Pontus, 16 m. e. 
from Side. Named from the Argonauts 
having anchored here. C. Jasun, II. a 
town of Margiana, on Margus fl., below 
Alexandria. 

Jasonius m., m. intersecting Media, n.w. 
— S.E., parallel w. with Caspius m. 

Jassii, I. a people of Dacia, bet. Parata fl. and 
Arams fl. n. of the Cotenses. The pro- 
genitors of the Wallachians. II. of Pan- 
nonia s., bet. Murus fl. and Savus fl., 
s. of the Coletiani. 

Jassiorum Municipium (Petrodava), capi- 
tal of the Jassii, Dacia, on Parata fl., L.| 
above Palada. Jassy. 

Jassius sin., a gulf of Ionium mare, Caria, 
bet. Posidium prom, and Zephyriunv^tcrcoL. 



JAS 



190 



JON 



Named from Jassus opp. G, qf Hassan^ 
Kalesn. 
Jassus (Jasus), I. a town of Caria, on a 

peninsula of Jassicus sin. n. An Argive 
colony. Noted for its striped red and 

white marble. Assem, II. of Melitene, 
Cappadocia. 
JastuE (Histi), a people of Scythia L Imaum, 

on Jastus fl. 
Jastus fl.y a r. of Scythia i. Imaom, n.w. 
Jasulones, a town of Valeria, Fannonia, 

bet. Adncum and Corsio. 
Jathrippa, a town of the Darrse, Arabia, 

N.E. of Jambia. Yathreb ; Medina, 
Jatii, a people of Sogdiana, on the Jaxartes. 
Jatinum, postea Meldi, Fixtuinum, a town 

of the Meldi, Lugdunensis IV., on Albafl., 

R., above Cale. Meaux, 
Jatrum, a town of the Mcesi, Mcesia Inf., 

on the Danube, bet. Ad Novas and Tri- 

manium, at the mouth of Jatrus fl. 
Jatrus (lantrus, Athrys) fl., a r. of Moesia, 

rising in Hemus m. near Ad Radices, and 

falling into the Danube at Jatrum. It 

separated the Mysi from the Getee. 

Jantra, 
Jattir (Jethira), a town of Simeon, Judaea, 

N.w. of Arad. 
Jaxartjs, a people of Scythia, on the Jax- 
artes. 
Jaxartes fl., a r. of Scythia, rising in Imaus 

m., and, after a course of 1682 m., falling 

into an inland sea (the sea of Aral) e. of 

the Caspian. Sir. 
Jazer, a town of the Ammonites, on Jabbok 

fl., 15 m. from Heshbon. 
jAXAMATi£ (Ixomatte), a tribe of Asiatic 

Scythians, on the Tanais. 
Jazyges, a people of Sarmatia Eur., on the 

coast of Palus Mseotis, bet. Borysthenes fl. 

and the Roxolani. 
Jazyges Metanast^b, " wanderers," a tribe 

of Zazyges, settled in Dacia, bet. Tibiscus 

fl. and the Danube, s. of the Bastamse. 
Jebba, in Pliny, i. q. Hepha. 
Jebusitjb (Jebuseei), one of the seven tribes 

of Canaan, about Jebus (Jerusalem). De- 
scendants of Jebus, son of Canaan. 
Jehud, a town of Judaea, bet. Antipatris n. 

and Lydda s. 
Jemerii, a tribe of Caturiges, GaUise, on 

Druentia fl. About St. Jemmes. 
Jena sest., an sestuary of the Selgovee, Brit., 

e. of Abravannus sin. Wig ton bay. 
Jenysus, a town of Judeea, near the sea, 

bet. Gaza n.e. and Rhinocura s.w. (24 

geog. m.) Kan Younes. 
Jerabrica (Hierabrica), a town of the Lusi- 

tani, on the Tagus, bet. Scalabis n.e. and 

Olisippo s.w. 



Jerach^i, Arabise, L q. Minsei. 
Jerachjsorum ins., an isL of Arabia Felix, 
on the Red sea, s.s.w. of Mamala, iSle- 
rene. 
Jbrachjsorum (Jerachum) vicus, a town o£ 
the B. Jerachaei (Minsei), Arabise, on Canis 
fl., L., towards its source. Ujar ; Osjan. 
Jericho (Hierachus, Jericus), a city of 
Benjamin, bet. Jerusalem (20) and the 
Jordan (2). Called by Moses " The dty 
of palm-trees.'' Named from the worship 
of Jerah (Luna). Destroyed by the Israel- 
ites. A new dty of the same name (the 
abode of Elisha) was built in its vioiufy. 
At or near Riha. 

Jernus (Juvemus) fl., a r. of Hibemia, w., 
separating the VelU)ori from the Cori- 
andi. 

Jerusalem. Vide Hierosolyma. 

Jespus, a town of the Laoetani, Toxaoo- 
nensis, bet. Anatis w. and Egara b. 

Jet^ (Jetae), a town of Sicily, at the aouoe 
of Bathys fl. Jato. 

Jezreel (Esdrael), *' God's seed," I. VaUis, 
i. q. Esdraelon. II. postea Stradela (Par* 
vum Gerinum), a royal city of Manasseh, 
in Esdraelon Vallis, bet. Caesarea Palestina 
w. and Bethsan b. Here was a palace of 
the kings of Israel. Zerin. III. of Judah. 

JiNEUs m., a ridge of Apennines, towaids 
Corfinium. 

JoBARES fl., i. q. Jomanes. 

JoBARiTiE, rectius Jobabitae, a people of 
Arabia Felix, in the desert, next to tiw 
Sachalitae. Descendants of Job. JSent- 
Jubar. 

JoBiA (Zobia), a town of Pisidia, near Ter- 
messus. 

Jo BOB, a district of Arabia Felix, in the de- 
sert ; occupied by the Jobaritae. 

JoBULA, a town of Albania, on Albanvs fl., 
towards its source. 

JocTAN (Kahtan), the Scriptural name of 
the region of Arabia Felix, on the bordezs 
of the desert, n.e. of Usal and Seba. 

JoKLEBL (Petia), a town of the Amaleldte, 
s. of Acrabbim m. 

JoKNEAM, a town of Zebulun, on Kison fl.^ 
s. of Ptolemais, towards its mouth. 

JoL, the local name of Caesarea, in Man* 
ritania Caesar. 

JoL^i, an early people of Sardinia, n*. 

JoMANES fl., Indiae, i. q. Diamuna. 

JoMNiuM, a maritime town of Maxuitania 
Caesar., bet. Rusippisir (H8) and Rusucop* 
rum. Alschier. 

JoMusA, a town of India, on the Indus, li^ 
below the confluence of the Aceaines. 

JoNTORA, a town of the Commoni, Galliff* 
Jonquieres, 



JOB 



191 



JUL 



JoppA (Japho), a maritime dty of Ephraim, 
in Judsa, bet. Ceesarea and Gaza, 36 m. 
K.w. from Jerusalem, of which it was the 
port. The locality of the story of Andro- 
meda. Jaffa; Yaffa, 

JoRDANES (** rapid") fl., a r. of Palestine, 
rising in two springs, one 20 m. n. of 
Paneas, the other at Laish, and, after 
flowing through Merom lac. and Tiberias 
lac., terminating, after the punishment of 
Sodom and Gomorrah, at the Dead sea ; 
it previously flowed on to the Bed sea. 
Sheriat el Kebir ; Jordan, 

JoKUM, the town of the Jon, in Pseonia. 

JosEPHi canalis, a canal parallel with the 
Nile, extending from Meridis lacus to 
I>iospolis Parva. Traditionally constructed 
by Joseph. 

Jot ABE ins., an isl. of Arabia Pet., in the 
Bed sea, at the entrance of Avalites sin., 
E. of Phocarum ins. 

Jot AP AT A, a fortress of Galiliea Inf., 1 m. 
s. from Gabara. Taken by Vespasian from 
Josephus the historian and razed. 

JoTAPB, a town of Cilida Trachea, in the 
territory of Selinus. 

JovALLiUM (Jovalia), a town of the Hercu- 
niatae, Pannonia, on Dravus fl., B., bet. 
Berebis and Mursella (8). Valpo, 

JoTAXUS (Ivarus) fl., a r. of Noriicum, rising 
s. of Masdacum, ajid falling into .^nus fl. 
below Turum. Salza ? 

JovAVUM. Vide Juvavia. 

JoTiA (Bononia), I. a town of the Jasai, 
Pannonia, on the Duiube, B., 18 m. e. 
from. Aqua Viva. Hertenicza, II. of the 
Peligni, Italise, 7 m. s. from Sulmo. Valle 
Scura. III. of Pisidia, near Termessus. 

JdviACUM, a town of the Sevaces, Noricum, 
bet. Itanacum and Ovilaba (27)* Geyers- 
berff. 

Jovis ins., an isl. of Arabia Petreea, in the 
Bed sea, 8. of Modiana. 

JoTis (Jovinus, 7anus) mons, I., L q. Alpes 
Cottise. II. a prom, of Tarraconensis, 
near Bardno. MontjuL III. m. of Zeu- 
gitana, n.e. of Usaletus m. 

Jovis pagus, I. a village of the Triballi, 
MoesiK, on Margus fl., B., bet. Munid- 
pitun and Idomus. II. prom., a pr. of 
Taprobane, w., below Sindocande. 

JovisuBA, a town of the Bunicates, Vindel., 
on Isara fl., L., bet. Beginum and Turum. 
Brenmau. 

JucABA, a town of Arabia Felix, 20 m. s. 
from Idicara. Dsjahhre, 

JucuKDiu, a town of Marmarica, bet. Cardu 

and Gereatis. 
JuDA m., m. of Judeea, running bet. Jeru- 
salem and Beerseba. 



JvDMAf generally Palestine at large; spe- 
cially a district of Palestine, bounded n. 
by Samaria, at Silo, s. by Idumsea, at 
Arad, w. by the Mediterranean, e. by 
Persea, at the Jordan. 

JuDA, I. kingdom of, and country of the two 
tribes Juda and Benjamin, bounded n. by 
Dan and Ephraim, at Bethsames, and s. 
by Simeon, at Eskol fl., w. by the Medi- 
terranean, E. by the Dead sea and the 
Jordan. II. a tribe of Judah, bounded n. 
by Benjamin (e.) and Dan (w.), s. by 
Simeon, at Eskol fl., w. by tiie Mediter- 
ranean, E. by the Dead sea. 

JuENNA, a town of the Taurisd, Noricum, 
on Dravus fl., s.e. of Virunum (23). 
Jaunstein. 

JuoANTES, a people of Britain, towards the 
Cangi. 

JuHONES, a people named by Tadtus, but 
of wholly uncertain position. 

Julia, I. a r. of Noricum, falling into Dra- 
vus fl. at Santicum. II. Constantia, 
Hispanise, i. q. Osset. III. sumamed 
Libyca (Li via), a town of the Cerretani, 
Tarraconensis, on the Pyrenees, n.w. of 
Egosa, on Sicoris fl., near its source* 
Julia? Llivia? IV. (JuUse, Juliopolis), 
of Phrygia, near Philomelium. V. ««r- 
named Gordus. Vide Grordife. VI. Fi- 
DENTiA, a town of Betica, s.£. of Itucd. 
Almodormr, VII. Joza, a name of Trans- 
ducta, Beetica. VIII. Myrtili, a town 
of the Cynetes, Lusitania, on tiie Anas, 
above Cunistorgis, 40 m. n. from Esuris. 
A colonia. Merlola. 

JuLiANOFOLis, a towu of Lydia, near Ta« 
bula. 

Julias, Galaaditis, i. q. Bethhoron. 

JuLiACUM, a town of the Ubii, Germania II., 
bet. Tiberiacum and Coriovallum. Julich s 
Juliera, 

JuLioBONA, I. capital of the Caleti, Lugdu- 
nensis II., on the Sequana, bet. Carocoli- 
num w. and Lotum e. Lillebonne, II. 
Pannoniee, i. q. Vianiomina. 

JuLioBRiGA, a town of the Cantabri, Tarra- 
conensis, on Iberus fl., L., near its source. 
Retortillo, 

JuLiOMAGUs, I. postea Andecavi, capital of 
the Andecavi, LugdunensisIII., bet. Com- 
baristum n.w. and Bobrica e.s.e. Angers, 
II. a town of the Lentienses, Viadel., bet. 
Brigobanna and Tenedo. 

JuLiopoLis, I. prius Gordium, a town of 
Bithynia, on the borders of Paphlagonia, 
bet. Dadastana (26) and Lagania, on Sco- 
pus fl. Built by king Gordius. Here 
Alexander cut the Gordian knot. Be- 
I stored and renamed by Cleon of Aht^- 



JUL 



192 



KIS 



tene. II. a town of Saravene prefect., 
Cappadocia, on Eaphretes 11. , s. of Clau> 
diopolis. 

JuLiosEBASTB, a town of Cilicia Trachea. 

JuLiPA, a town of the Turtuli, Baeturia, bet. 
Contributa s.w. and Corticata n.e. 

JuLTUM Carnicum, Capital of the Cami, in 
Venetia, on Tilavemptus fl., bet. Loncium 
(22) and Ad Tricesimum (30). Founded 
by JuUus Csesar. Zuglio. 

Julius vicus, a town of the Nemetes, Gaul. 
Germersheim, 

JuNA, a town of Albania. 

JuNCARiA, a town of the Indigetes, Tar- 
raconensisy bet. Ad Summum Pyreneeum 
and Emporium. Figuei^as. 

JuNCARUM campus, a maritime district of 
Tarraconcnsis, e., about Juncaria. Named 
from its fertility in a sort of fine broom. 

JuNONis ins., I. an isl. of Bsetica, in Her- 
culeum fretum, s. of Carteia. II. prom., 
a pr. of Bsetica, on the Atlantic, with a 
temple of Juno, w. of Bselon. Cabo de 
Trafalgar. III. AcREiE, prom., Corinthise, 
i. q. Olmiae prom. IV. fontes, vel Aquae, 
a town, with warm springs, of the Arus- 
nates, Gallia Cisalp. Caldeiio. 

Jura m., m. of Maxima Sequanorum w., 
N. of Lemanus lac. Jura. 

JuRASSus m., m. on the n.e. shore of Le- 
manus lac. 

J.UROEiPAACH, a fortress of Iberia, near 
Caucasise Portse. 

JusAGURA ins., an isl. on the w. coast of 
Crete, over against Cimaros prom. Pun- 
dico. 

JLusTiNiANA, a town of the Dassarette, Illy- 
ria. Built by Justinian. Achrida. 

JusTiNiANOPOLis, Epiri. Vide Uadriano- 
poUs. 

JusTiNOPOLis, a name given to iEgida, His- 
trise, in honour of Justinian. 

JusTis, a town of Numidia, on Bagradas fl., 
L., bet. Mercimeris and Altaba. 

J.UTA (Jota, Jeta, Jettan, Jethan), a sacer- 
dotal town of Juda, 10 m. s.e. from 
Eleutheropolis. 

JuTHUNGi, a tribe of Quadi, Grerm., on the 
Danube. 

JuvAViA (Jovavum, Juvense castellum), ca- 
pital of the Alauni, in Noricum, on Jova- 
nus fi., L., bet. Artobriga and Cucalle. 
A colonia of Hadrian. Salzburg, 

JuvERNA, a Roman name of Hibemia, from 
the Juvemi (incorrectly Uterni), a people 
in its s.w. angle. 

JuviA fl., a r. of Tarraconcnsis, n.w., fall- 
ing into the Atlantic at Ardobrica. jubia. 

Jyrc^, a people of Scythia, near the Thys- 
sagitse. 



K. 

Kades Barnea, a town of Simeon, 8.E. of 
Hazezon Thamar. 

KiEDUUM, a town of Germania Magna. 

Kahtan. Vide Joctan. 

Kalancorum, a town of Germania Magna, 
S.E. of Susudata. Near Schweidnitz. 

Kan AH fl., a r. of n. Judeea, falling into 
the Mediterranean bet. Csesarea and As— 
sur, s. 

Kaphar Acco, a town of Galilaea Sup., 
N.E. of Acco. 

Kapharbarucha, a town of Juda, in 
Judaea, n. of Hebron, 

Kafarsorek, a village of Judsea, on Sonk 
fl., near Zarea. The birth-place of Sam- 
son. 

Kapharsuba, Judseae, i. q. Antipatris. 

Karioth, a small town of uncertain poa- 
tion, E. of Jordan. The birth-place of' 
Judas Iscariot. 

Kedasa (Kedes, Cedesis, Cedissus), a Levi-- 
tical city of Naphtali, in Gralilaea, s.£. of 
Tyre (20). 

Kedemoth, a town of Reuben, in Am— 
monitis, s.e. of Hesbon. 

Kegila, a town of Palestine, 8 m. b. from 
Eleutheropolis. 

KENASiTiE (Kenisaei), Arabiae, the descend- 
ants of Kenaz, son of Elephaz. 

Kenitjb, i. q. Kenasitae. 

Kentus, a port of the Cinaedocolpitse, Arab., 
bet. Arga and Zaaram. 

Kerata m., a bi-peaked m. of Attica, n.w,* 
of Eleusis. Kerata, 

KiDRON (Kedron, Cedron) fl., a stream of 
Benjamin, running from Jerusalem through 
a cognominal valley into the Dead sea. 

KirMoab (Charakmoba), a city of Moabitis^. 
8. of Rabbath Moab. 

KiRGATHAiM, a town of Reuben, in Am- 
monitis, 12 m. s.w. of Medba. At one 
time the capital of the Emim. 

KiRGATH Arba ('* the city of Arba"), • 
famous giant, the early name of Hebron. 

KiRGATH Jearim, ** city of the woods'' 
(Kirgath Baal), a town of Judah, in 
Judaea, bet. Jerusalem s.e. (9) and Emans. 
Here the Ark of the Covenant stood for 
some time after its recovery from the Phi- 
listines. 

KisoN (Chison, Megiddo) fl., a r. of Gali- 
laea, rising in Tabor m., and falling into 
the Mediterranean near Carmelum prom.r- 
E. The locality of the defeat of Siaera. 



KIS 



193 



LAC 



KiSLOTH, vide Chesuloth. 

KoKABAy a town of Itunea, s.w. of Da- 
mascus. 

KoREATHE, a town of Auranitis, n. of 
Zara. 

KopuR, a town of Arabia, on the Red Sea, 
towards Arga. Abu Aijan, 

Krith 11., a stream of Benjamin, running 
from near Bethel into the Jordan, below 
Jericho. 



L. 



Labanatis (Labanis) ins., an isl. of the 

Omanitse, Arabiee, at the s. extremity of 

Duatus sin. 
Labara, a town of Caria. 
liABBANA. Vide Lebana. 
Labbates, a people of Illyria, extending in- 
land, bet. the Damata and the confines of 

Moesia. 
Labbatis palus, a lake of the Labeetes, 

Illyria, on the borders of the Dalmatse, 

formed by Barbana 11. Logo di Scutari. 
Labbcia, a to?m of Arabia Felix, towards 

the Red sea, s.w. of Nagara. Al 

Beish. 
Laberus, a town of the Chauci, Hibemise, 

8. of Eblana. 
Labicum (Lavid), a town of the Latini, 

Latium, on Via lAbicana, 15 ra. s.e. of 

Rome, bet. Prseneste and Algidum. A 

colonia from Alba, prior in date to Rome. 

Caesar had a yilla in the neighbourhood. 

A mnnicipium; a colonia 418 B.c. Co- 

lonna, 
Labisco, a town of the Allobroges, Vien- 

nensis, bet. Lemincum n.b. and Morgin- 

Hum s.w. 
Labona II., a r. of Liguria, felling into 

ligusticus sin. at Ad Navalia. 
Labotas fl., a r. of Apamene, Syria, falling 

into the Orontes, towards Antiochia. 

Atwad, 
Labranda, a town of Caria, 8 m. 

from Mylasa. Famous for a temple of 

Jupiter Labrandenus or lAbradeus (" with 

the hatchet''). Built by lAbrandus the 

Curete. 
Labris, a town of Arabia Felix, under 

Marithe m., s.e., bet. Gerra and Inapha. 

El Labrin, 
Labus m., a m. of Hyrcania, towards Zadra- 

carta. 
Labuta m., a n.e. continuation of Caspius 

m,f separating Hyrcania from Parthia. 



Lacanitis, a district of Cilida, about 
Tarsus. 

Lacedjemon, a Lacediemonian town of Cy- 
prus. 

LACEDiEMONiA, a name of Laoonia, from 
Lacedaemon its king, son of Semele. The 
name was afterwards applied to the ciu* 
pital. 

Lacene, a town of Byzacene, on Syrtia 
Minor, bet. Silvani presidium and Ad 
Palmam. 

Lacerea, a town of Magnesia, Thessaly, at 
the source of Amyrus 11., n.w. of Meli- 
boea, towards Baebe lac. The birth-place 
of Corone, mother of iEsculapius. 

Lacetani (Jaccetani), a people of Tarraco- 
nensis, s. of the Ceretani. Part qf CatO" 
Ionia, 

Lachbre, a town of the Homeritae, Arabis, 
N. of Arabiae Felids Emp. 

Lachish, a town of Juda, Judaea, 7 m. s. 
from Eleutheropolis. The death-place of 
Amaziah. 

Laciaca, a town of the Sevaces, Noricum, 
bet. Tergolape and Tamantum (14). 
Vockelmarki, 

Laciacus lac., a lake of Noricum, at Lacia- 
ca. Traunzee, 

LACiADiE, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Oeneis, w. of Sdron, on the Via Sacra. 
Named after the hero Ladus. The birth- 
place of Miltiades. Here dwelt Phylalus, 
whom Ceres taught the culture of the fig. 
Agia Saba, 

Laciburgium, a town of the Teutones, Ger- 
maniae, on Lagnus sin., b. of Marionis. 

Lacina, a town of Phrygia Magna, n.b. of 
Eriza. 

Lacinium (Nans) prom., a pr. of Bruttium, 
at the s.w. entrance of Tarentinus sin., 
s.e. of Crotona (6). Here was a temple 
of Juno Ladnia, traditionally founded by 
Hercules, in which was the Helen of 
Zeuxis, and a famous pillar of gold. C. 
Nao, or C, delle Colonne, 

Lacippo, a town of the Turtetani, Baetica, 
bet. Oningis n.n.e. and Barbesula s. 

Lacmon m., a m. of Paroraea, Epirus, b. of 
Tymphe m. Politzi. 

Lacobardi, a tribe of Chatti, Germ., unde» 
Rhetico m., e., extending bet. the Rhine, 
near Confluentes, to the springs of 
Adrana fl. 

Lacobriga, I. a town of the Cuneus, Lusi- 
tania, E. of Sacrum prom. Lagos, IL of 
the Vaccaei, Tarraconensis, on Pisoraca fl., 
N. of Pallantia. Lobera, 

L ACONi A(LacOnike, Lacedaemonia), a country 
of Peloponnesus, bounded n. by Arcadia 
and Argolis, s. and e. by the iEgean, w. 

O 



LAC 



194 



LAI 



by Messenia, and Messeniacus sin. Set- 
tled first by Leleges, next by Achei from 

- Thessaly, under Pelops, and then, 1104 
B.C., by the Dorians and Heraclidee. 
Maina (s.w.), Barduma (Central), Za- 
Jeounia (e.). 

Laconicus sin., a golf of the .£gean, in 
Laconia, bet. Tsenarinm prom, and Onc- 
gnathus prom., in circuit 106 m., in ex- 
treme breadth 39 m. G. di Colokythia. 

Laconimurgum, a town of theTurtuli, Bse- 
tica, bet. Calentum n.w. and lUpa s.s.e. 
A colonia (Constantia Julia). 

Lacotena, a town of Cappadocia, 28 m. 
from Messene. Lacaben, 

Lactarius m., a hill of Campania, behind 
Stabise. Named from the fine milk pro- 
duced from its pastures. 

■Lacter prom., tiie s. extremity of Cos 
ins. 

Lactodurum, a town of the CataveUauni, 
Brit., on Watling-street, n.w. of Magiovi- 
nium. Towcester, 

Lactora, a town of the Ausdi, Novem Po- 
pidana, n. of Elimberris. Lectoure. 

Lacuris (Ilorcum), I. a town of the Oretani, 
Tarraconensis, near the source of Tader fl. 
Huesca. II. a town of the Bastuli. 

Lacus Felicis, rectius Lucus Felids, a 
town of Fannonia, on the Danube, 18 m. 
B. from Azaum. 

Lacus FucTnus, a lake of the Marsi, Italy, 
bet. Marrubium e. and Auxantia w., in 
circuit 40 miles. Its superfluous waters 
were carried off by a canal constructed 
under Claudius to Liris fl., 3 m. Lago 
di Celano : L. Fucino. 

Lacus Regillus, a lake of Latium, n. of 
Tusculum ; the locality of the great defeat 
of the Latins by Posthumius, 529 b.c. 
Laghetto delta Colonna. 

Lacus Regius, .a town of Numidia, on 
Ampsaga fl., L., bet. Cirta and Visalta. 

Lacydon portus, the harbour of Massilia. 

Lade, formerly an isl. of Ionia, at the 
mouth of Meander fl., but afterwards 
joined to the mainland by the deposits of 
that river. 

Ladepsi, a people of Bithynia. 

Ladicus m., m. of Tarraconensis, on Minius 
fl., L., towards Bilbilis fl. 

Ladon fl., I. a r. of Arcadia, rising near 
Lycuria, and falling into Alpheus fl. near 
Hersea. Noted for its beautiful scenery, 
and for the adventures of Daphne and 
Syrinx. Its fish were reputed rocal. Lau- 
dona. II. of Epea, Elis, falling into 
Peneus fl. near Pylos. Dervicke, 

Lsa, a town of Caria. 

LfiCENi, a people of Arabia Felix, towards 



Persicus sin., w. of the Leanitse. Beni al 

Kenaz, 
L^ETANi, a maritime tribe of Lacetani, 

Tarraconensis, bet. the Ausetani n. and the 

Cositani s.w. 
LfiLiA, a town of the Celtid, Bsetica, near 

the source of Urius fl., n.n.w. of Italica. 

Founded by Scipio, and named in honour 

of his friend Lselius. Aracena 7 
Ll£Mus (Chabinus) m., m. of Arabia Felix, 

tow£irds Zaaram Regia. Zohh. 
Ljspa, a town of the Turtetani, Bsetica, bet. 

the Anas and Onoba fl. Lepe. 
Laertes, a fortress of Cilida Trachea, e. of 

Syedra, 16^ m. N.w. from Coracesium. 

The birth-place of Diogenes Laertius. 
Ll£ron fl., a r. of Tarraconensis, falling into 

the Atlantic at Ad Duos Pontes. 
L^STRiGONEs, a very early people of Sicily, 

occupying the country on Simeethus fl., 

R., towards its source. 
Lsvi, a people of Gallia Cisalpina, bet. 

Tidnus fl. and Orgus fl., contiguous to the 

Libidi. 
Lagania (Regia-Lagania), postea Anasta- 

siopolis, a town of the Tectosag^, Galatia, 

on Sangarius fl., R., bet. Gk>rdium (23) 

and Mnizus. 
Lagaria, a town of Lucania, 12 m. s.w. 

from Siris. Founded by Phodans, undar 

Epeeus, the builder of the woodoi horse 

of Troy. The district was noted for its 

wine. Nucara, 
Lagecium, Brit., i. q. Legeolium. 
Lagina, a town of Caria, 39 m. from Phys- 

cus. Lakena, 
Lagnajl£, a town of Mauritania Csesari- 

ensis. 
Lagni, a town of the Arevacse, Tarraco- 
nensis, on Durius fl., above Randa. 
Lagnus sin., a bay of Codanus sin., s.w., 

on the coast of the Saxones and Ten- 
tones. 
Lagnutum, a town of Mauritania Caesar., at 

the mouth of Chinalaph, R. 
liAGos, a town of Pisidia, bet. Mandrupolis 

and Cobulatus fl. 
Lagous fl., a r. of Sarmatia Asiat. 
Lagusa ins., I. an isL of the i^ean, one of 

the Sporades, bet. Pholegandros and Sid- 

nos. Kardiotissa. II. of Lyda, near Tel- 
missus. Isle des Chevaliers, 
Lagussa ins., islets on the coast of Troas, 

s. of Sigseum prom. 
Lagyra (Lampas), a maritime town of Tan- 

rica Chersonesus, s.w. of Charax.^H^JW^' 
Lai, Liguria, i. q. Levi. 
Laius (Elseus), a port of Chios ins., N.w. 

of Notium, i\ m. w. from Chios oppd. 

Mesta, 



LAL 



195 



LAN 



luALACJEJjMf a town of Melitene, Cappa- 

docia. 
Lalassis regioy a district of Cilida Trachea, 

on the borders of Pisidia and Lycaonia, 

w. of Cetis regio. 
Lalastis (Lalisanda, Dalisanda), a town of 

Isaurica, bet. Isanra and GermanicopoUs. 
Laletani, a people of Tarraconensis, s. of 

the Ausetani. 
Lalisanda, Isaur., i. q. Lalassis. 
Lalla, a town of Colthene, Armenia^ on 

the Cyrus, n. of Sanora. 
Lama, a town of the liusitani, on the Du- 

rius, below Roboretum. Lamego ? 
Lamasbua, a town of Numidia, w.n.w. of 

Lambeesa (23). Nik-Kuse ; Ben-Ktute. 
Lamb.£Sa (Lambese), a town of Numidia, 

bet. Lambiridis and Tamugadis (23). The 

station of the Legio Augusta Tertia. Tez- 

zoute. 
Lamb ANUS m., Cariee, i. q. Albacus. 
Lamberitum, a town of the Vascones, Tar- 

raconensis, bet. Alanton w. and Summum 

Pyrenseum £. 
Lambiridis, a town of Mauritania Ceesar., 

bet. Lamasbua and Lamesa. 
Lambriaca, a town of the Lucenses, Tar- 

raconensis, at the mouth of Ulla ii. 

Caril, 
Lambrus (Lamber) fl., a r. of Gallia Trans- 

padana, rising n. of Eupilus lac., and, after 

passing through that lake, falling into 

Padus fl. below Ad Rota. Lambro, 
Lambula, a pass in the mountains of n.e. 

Bruttium, leading from Rosdanum into 

Lucania. Roseto, 
Lamelli prsesidium, a fortress of Mauri- 
tania Cssar., in the mountains s.w. of 

Equizetum. 
Lametes fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 

Lameticus sin., s. of Tempsa. Lamaio. 
Lametia (Lametum), a town of Bruttium, 

on Lametes fl., 3 m. above its mouth. A 

Crotonian colony. Sanf Euf&m,ia. 
Lametinum prom., a pr. of Bruttium, at 

the N. entntnce of Liuneticus sin. Capo 

Suvero. 
Lameticus sin., a bay of Terinseus sin., at 

the mouth of Lametes fl. G. di St, Eu- 

femia. 
Lamia ins., I. an islet on the coast of Troas. 

II. a city of the Malienses-Hierenses, in 

Thessaly, 4 m. n. from Anticyra. Its ter- 
ritory was the principal seat of the Lamiac 

war between Antipater and the confederate 

Greeks. Zeitoun, 
Lamiacus sin., i. q. Maliacus sin. 
liAMiNiiE, a town of Geetnlia, bet. Ad Tem- 

plum and Yeri, w. of Sabrata. 
IiAMiNiUM, a town of the Oretani, Taira- 



conensis, bet. Mums n.w. and Ardlads 
S.E., 7 131* from the source of the Anas, 
95 m. s.E. from Toletum. Alhambra, 

Lamnjs, a town of the ^qui, Latium, on 
Anio fl., R., bet. Mandela (3) and Car- 
seoli (10), on Via Valeria. Ferrata, 

Lamnjbus fl., a r. of India e. Gangem, fall- 
ing into Barygazenus sin. 

Lamotis, a district of Cilida Trachea, on 
Lamus fl., towards its mouth. 

Lampas, I. an isl. bet. Melita ins. and 
Gaulos ins. Comino, II. Tauricae Cher- 
son., i. q. Lagyra. 

Lamps m., I. a summit of Erymanthus range ; 
the particular m. on which Hercules killed 
the boar. II. a town of Acamania. III. 
(Lapha), of Crete, under Ida m., s.w. 
rV. of Phrygia Magna, near Celense. 

Lampes fl., Mysise, i. q. Rhyndacus. 

Lamfetes prom., a pr. of Bruttium, s. of 
Clampetia. Capo di Lamantia, 

Lampetia, the Greek name of Clampetia in 
Bruttium. 

Lamponium, a town of .^lolis Asiat., bet. 
Gargara and Antandros. 

Lam PR A Inferior, a demus of Attica, of 
the tribe Erectheis, on Saronicus sin., 
near iExone. 

Lampra Superior, a demus of Attica, of 
the tribe Erectheis, on Hymettus m., n.e. 
of Lampra Inf. The burial-place of Cra- 
naus. Lampriea, 

Lampsacus, prius Pityusa, a dty of M3rsia, 
on the Hellespont, over against Callipolis 
in Thrace (5). Enlarged by colonies from 
Phocsea and Miletus. Noted for its wines, 
and therefore given by Artaxerxes to The- 
mistodes for his celkr. The birth-place 
of Charon the historian, Anaximenes the 
orator (whose address saved it from the 
destruction menaced by Alexander), and 
Metrodorus the epicurean. Here was the 
recumbent lion of Lysippus, removed by 
Agrippa to Rome. LamsaJei. 

Lampsemandus (Lepsemandus) ins., an isl. 
of Caria, in Ceramicus sin. 

Lampsus, I. a town of Estiaeotis, Thessaly, 
B. of Lisinae. II. of Ionia, in the territory 
of Clazomenee. 

Lamus fl., a r. separating Cilida Campestris 
from Cilida Trachea, and falling into the 
sea at Antiochia Lamotis. Lamas. 

Lance (Lancia), a town of the Astures, Tar- 
raconensis, 2 m. s.E. from Legio. 

Lancia, I. aumamed Oppidana, a town of 
the Vettones, Lusitania, s.E. of Augusto- 
briga, near the source of Munda fl. 
Guarda. II. sumamed Transcudana, a 
town of the Lusitani, e. of Lancia Oppi- 
dana and of Cuda fl. dudad Rodriqo^ 



LAN 



196 



LAR 



Landi, a tribe of Chattiy Germ., e. of the 

Lacobardi. 
Landobris (Lanucris) ins., isl. of Lusitania, 

N.w. of Olisopense prom. Berlingutu. 
Landosia, a town of the Tectosages, Gralatise. 
Langia (Adrastia) fons, a fountain of Ar- 

golis, near Nemea. 
Laxgobardi, a tribe of Vindili, German. , on 
Albis fl., L., bet. the Viruni and the Her- 
miones, w. of the Semnones. Named from 
their long beards ; and noted for their 
valour and their love of independence. 
D'Anville does not consider them the pro- 
genitors of the Italian Langobards or 
Lombards. 
Langobriga, I. a town of the Celtid, His- 
panise, on Tagus il., L.» near its mouth. 
Near Benevente, IL of Lusitania, near 
the mouth of Durius fl. Near Villa 
Feira, 
Langones, a maritime tribe of Astures, on 

Saliafl. 
Langosa, a town of Laviniasene, in Cappa- 

docia. 
Lanise ins., an isl. of the ^gean, one of the 

Sporades. 
Langs ii., a r. of Asia, rising in Emodi m., 
and falling into the Eous oceanus at Ra- 
bana. Towards its source it is called Am- 
bastus. It is the boundary of India and 
Serica. 
Lantolaetes, i. q. Laletani, Tarraconensis. 
Lanuvium, a dty of Latium, near Appia 
Via, R., N.w. of Ardea, s.e. of Corioli. 
Founded by Diomed. A municipium ; a 
colonia of Sylla and of Caesar, with a 
famous temple of Juno Sospita, in whose 
grove was a dragon, which detected un- 
chastity in women. The birth-place of 
Annius Milo, of Roscius, Q. Catulus, the 
Elder ; of the Cyrenius of St. Luke (P. Sul- 
picius Quirinius), and of the three An- 
tonines. Citta Lavinia or Delia Vigna, 
Laodamantius portus, a port of Marmarica, 
bet. Leuce Acte (3) and Calameeum prom. 
(5.) Lagusi. 
Laodicea, I. a town of Arcadia, bet. Mega- 
lopolis and Orestium. II. of Lycaonia, 
bet. Tyrceeum and Iconium. III. of Persia. 
IV. sumamed Catacecaumene vel Com- 
busta, of Phrygia Parorea, and later in Ly- 
caonia, bet. Antiochia (28) and Iconium. 
Sumamed from the volcanic nature of the 
district. Ladik, V. sumamed ad Lycum, 
prius Diospolis and Rhoas, of Phrygia, on 
Lycus fl., 40 m. e. from Ephesus. Enlarged 
by Antiochus, and renamed after his wife, 
Laodice. Noted for its fine wool. One 
of the Seven Churches. Eski Hissar. 
VI. sumamed Ad Libanum, and also Sca- 



brosa or Cabrosa, of Coele-Syria, n.b. of 
Heliopolis. Built by Seleucus Nicator. 
VII. sumamed Ad Mare, of S3rria, on the 
coast, N. of Gabala. Built by Seleucus 
Nicator; and beautified by the emperor 
Severus. Latikia, 

Lapadon fl., a sacred stream of Bruttium, 
one of the seven streams faUing into Me- 
taurus fi. e. of Portus Orestis. 

Lapersa m., a m. of Laconia. 

Lapethus (Lapathus), a town of Cyprus, on 
the N. coast, e. of Crommyon prom. 
Founded by Belus, and named from Lape- 
thus, an attendant of Bacchus. Enlarged 
by a Lacedsmonian colony. 

Laphystius m., a summit of Helicon near 
Coronea. 

Lapicini, a mountain tribe of Liguria, n.g. 
of the Garuli. About Pieciana, 

LAPiDARiA,a town of the Venonetes, Rheetia, 
bet. Curia (32) and Cuneus Aureus (17). 

Lapitha m., a m. of Arcadia. 

LAPiTHiB, a tribe of Pelasgi, about Pelion m., 
who usurped Pelasgiotis from the Per- 
rhebi. Noted as horse-tamers. 

Lapith^um, a village of Laconia, on Tay- 
getus m., towards Derrhium. 

Lapurdum, a town of the Tarbelli, Novem 
Populana, at the mouth, L., of Aturis fl. 
Bagonne. 

Lar, I. a r. of Arabia Felix, i. q. Canis. 
II. posiea Germanorum Castrum, a mari- 
time town of Mauritania Cesar., bet. Car- 
tilis and ApoUinis prom. 

Lar AND A (Lseandis), I. a town of Cataonia, 
Cappadocia, bet. Cocussus (18) and Da- 
ban. II. of Lycaonia, s.w. of Derbe. 
The birth.pliK» of the poet Nestor and of 
his son Pisander. Karaman. 

Larendani (Garendani), a people of Arabia 
Felix, contiguous to the Gebonitse. In 
Karje, 

Lares, a town of Numidia, on Bagradas fi., 
1 6 m. N.E. from Altiburus. Lorbus. 

Larga, a town of the Raurad, Maxima Se- 
quanorum, bet. Cambete e. and Epaman- 
duorum w. 

Lariagara, a town of the NangalogSy 
Indiae, on Dorius fl., L. 

Larice, a district of India e. Gangem, on 
the coast of Barygazenus sin., and extend- 
ing inland n.e. 

Larina, a village of Cestrine, especially 
noted for its oxen. 

Larinum, I. a town of Corsica, on Tavolafi., 
R., above Mariana. II. prius Arenium, 
of Italy, bet. Uscosium ( 1 4) and Teanum 
(18). A munidpium. The birth-place of 
A. Cluentius. Larino Vecchio, 

Larissa, I. a town of Adiabene, Assyriie, on 



LAR 



107 



LAT 



the Tigris, bet. Ninas and Csns. The 
Resen of Scripture. II. one of the twelve 
cities of JEfoUs Asiat., bet. Cyme and 
Neontichos. Somamed Phriconis, from 
Phricius m. in Locris, the previous seat of 
its ^olian colonizers. Originally a Pe- 
lasgic town. A colony of Egyptian sol- 
diers was settled here by Cjrrus. III. of 
Attica, at the foot of Hymettus. A settle- 
ment of Pelasgi. Syriani. IV. of Cam- 
pania, near Forum Popilii. In ruins in 
Pliny's time. V. of Epea in Elis, on 
Larissus 11. VI. of Lydia, on Caystrus 11., 
L., 20 m. above Ephesus. VII. sumamed 
Cremaste, vel Pensilis (Pelasgia), perhaps 
the Argos Pelasgicum of Homer, a city of 
Phthiotis, Thessaly, bet. Pteleum and 
Echinus (14), at the extremity of Aphetse 
portus. The capital of Achilles. Makalla, 
VIII. (Argos Pelasgicum), a city of Pelas- 
giotis, in Thessaly, on the R. bank of 
Peneus 11., bet. Elatia and Atrax. Long 
the seat of a republic. The city of Achilles 
and of the Aleuade of Herodotus. La- 
rissa. IX. Maced., i. q. Amissa. X. a 
city of Apamene, Syria, on the Orontes, 
bet. Epiphania (16) and Apamea (16). 
Built by Seleucus Nicator. Sjaizar, XI. 
of Troas, near Alexandria, whither its in- 
habitants were transferred. 

Larissus fl., a r. of Peloponnesus, rising in 
Scollis m., and, after separating Achaia 
from Elis, falling into Ionium mare below 
Araxus prom. RUso or Mana, 

Larius lacus, a lake of the Orobii, Gallia 
Transpadana, partly formed by Addua 11. 
In length, from Summus lacus to Comum, 
60 m. On its shores Pliny had two villas. 
Much frequented by coots, whence its 
name. Lago di Como, 

Larix, a town of Noricum, 27 m. s. from 
Santicum. Plez, 

Larna, a town of the Arevacse, Tarraconen. 
sis, E. of Porta Augusta. 

Larnus fl., a r. of Tarraconensis, falling 
into the Mediterranean at Blanda, n.e. of 
Iluro. Tordera. 

LARUNESiiE ins., two islets of Byzaoena, n. 
of Thapsus. 

Larymna, I. sumamed Inferior, a town of 
Boeotia, on Opuntius sin., s. of Larymna 
Sup. Martini, II. sumamed Superior, a 
town of Boeotia, on Opuntius sin., n. of 
Larymna Inferior. Proschyna, III. of 
Pereea, Caria. 

Larysium m., a m. of Laconia, behind Gy* 
thium. Sacred to Bacchus. 

Las (Laas), a town of Laconia, on Laconicus 
sin. w., on Ilius m., bet. Arainus and 
Trinasus. Founded by the hero Las. 



Lasia ins., an isl. of Argolis e., one of 

Pelopidis ins. 
Lasonii, a tribe of Mseones in Lydia. 
Lasos, a town of Crete, on Oaxes fl., below 

Pergamus. Laso. 
Lassira, a town of Tarraconensis, n. of 

Belsinum. 
Lassunni, a people of Aquitania. Valine 

de Baigorry, 
Lastigi, a town of the Turtetani, Baetica, 

N.w. of Adnipo. 
Latere (Latania), a town of Bithynia, bet. 

Nicomedia (24) and Demetrium, on San- 

garius fl., L. 
Latera, a port of the Volcae Arecomici, 

Narbonensis, n.e. of Agatha, at the mouth 

of Ledus fl. Laiies, 
Lathrippa, Arable, i. q. Jathrippa. 
Latin A, a town of the Triballi, Moes., bet. 

Remessiana and Turres. 
Latini, descendants of the Umbri, settled 

in Latium. Named from their king La- 

tinus (of date anterior to Hesiod). 
Latis fl., a r. of Gallia Cisalpina, falling 

into the Padus, R. Maira, 
Latium Antiquum, the early distribution 

of Latium, as bounded s. by Circeum 

prom. 
Latium, Celtice " fen-country," a re^on of 

Italy, bounded n. by Etruria and Sabi- 

nium, s. and w. by Tyrrhen. mare, e. by 

Samnium. Occupied, 1. by the Sicani; 

2. by the Siculi; 3. by the Umbri or 

Osci, with whom became associated a 

colony of Tyrrhenian Pelasgi frY)m Mnost 

in Thrace, under a chief called ^neas. 

The name is poetically derived, according 

to Virgil, h laiendo, Stttum having hidden 

himself here from Jupiter. 
Latium Novum, the later distribution of 

Latium, when its s. boundary was extended 

to Liris fl., and still later to Vultumus fl. 
Latmicus lacus, formerly a bay of Ionium 

mare, at the month of Meander fl., ex- 

ten<Ung from Miletus to Heraclea (12^); 

subsequently an inland lake, s. of Miletus. 

Lago d*(hi/'a Baji, 
Latmos, I. a m. of Caria, overlooking Hera- 
clea ; the scene of the story of Endymion. 

Identified by some as the Phthira m. of 

Homer. Betchek Parmak, II. a town of 

Ionia, on Latmicus lacus, s.e. of Miletus. 
Lato, the early name of Camara, Crete. 
Latobrigi, a people of Vindelida, towards 

the Danube, contiguous to the Raurad. 

About Donauschingen, 
Latopolis, a town of Thebais on the Nile, 

L., bet. Hieracompolis and Asfinis. 

Named from the worship of the fish 

latos* Erne, 



LAT 



198 



LEG 



Latovici, a people of Pannonia s., on Savus 
fl., R. 

Latris ins., an isL of Germania Magna, in 
Cylipenus sin. 

Latrones, a people of Aurea Chersonesus, 
at its s. extremity. 

Laturus sin., Mauritanise, i. q. Fortus 
Magnus. 

Latusates, a people of Aquitania. About 
Lotus. 

Latymnius m., a summit of the Apen- 
nines, towards Crotona. Monte di Cro- 
tona. 

Laumellum (Gaumellum), a town of the 
Lsevi, in Gallia Transpad., on Novaria 11., 
near its junction with Padus fl., bet. Durii 
and Forum Fulvii. Lomello, 

Launi, a people of Vindelida, on Isara fl., 
towards its source. 

Laurentum, a town of the Latini, in La- 
tium, on Via Severiuia, bet. Ostia (6) and 
Lavinium (6). The capital of Latinus, 
Ficus, and Faunus. Named from its laurel 
groves. Noted for its wild boars. In 
Lucau's time, the population had removed 
to Lavinium. Patemo. 

Lauriacum, a town of the Boil, Noricum, 
on the Danube, at the confluence of Ani- 
ens fl., bet. Lentia and Lacus FeUds. A 
colonia. Founded by Marcus Aurelius. 
Noted for its shields. Lorch. 

Lauritanus portus, a haven of Etruria, bet. 
Populonium and Cosa. 

Laurium m., hills of Attica, extending from 
about Azenia to Prasie. Rich in silver 
mines. 

Lauron, a town of the Contestani, Tarra- 
conensis, on the coast, n.w. of Dianium. 
Laury, 

Laus, I. a r. of Italy, separating Lucania 
from Bruttium, and falling into Laus sin. 
at Laus. Lao, II. a bay of Inferum 
mare, at Laus. Golfo di Policastro, III. 
a town of Lucania, at the mouth of Laus fl., 
d geog. m. from Pyzus. Founded by Sy- 
barites escaped from the destruction of 
their own city. Extinct in Pliny's time. 
Scalea. FV. sumamed Pompeia, a town 
of the Insubres, Gall. Transpad., bet. Ad 
Nonum (7) and Tres Tabemae (9), on Via 
Emilia. A colonia of t'omp. Strabo. Lodi 
Vecchio, 

Lausanna, a town of the Helvetii, near the 
s. shore of Lemanus lacus, bet. Novio- 
dunum and Viviscus. Lataanne, 

LAUTULiG, a defile in Latium, bet Tarradna 
and Fundi. 

Lauzuda, a town of Cilida Trachea. 

Lavara, Lusitaniee, i. q. Talabriga. 

Lavatrjs, a town of tiie Brigantes, Brit., 



bet. Verterse and Ingetiingum. Burgh 
under Stenmore, 

Laviniasene Prefectura, a prefecture of 
Cappadoda, e. of Sargarausene prefec., 
extending to the Euphrates. Arahkir. 

Lavinium, a town of the Latini, Latium, on 
Via Severiana, bet. Laurentum (6) and 
Antium (17). Founded by .£nea8, and 
named lUter his wife. The seat of the 
Dii Penates. The death-place of Tatius. 
Sumamed Lauro-Lavinium upon tiie re- 
moval hither of the people of Laurentum. 
Pratica. 

Latinius fl., a r. of Gallia Cispadana, falling 
into Vatrenus fl. towards Bononia. In it 
was the isl. on which the Triumvirs met. 
LavvMi. 

Lazi, a later people of maritime Colchis. 

Lea ins., an isl. of the ^Egean, one of the 
Sporades. 

Leana, a town of Arabia, on Leanites sin., 
bet. Itamus port. Mid Mallaba. 

Leandis, a town of Cappadocia, s.e. of 
Cocusus. 

LsANiTiS (Chaulanitse, Havilitse), a people of 
Arabia Felix, on Persicus sin., bet. Itamus 
portus and Chersonesus Acra. Havilah, 

Leanites sin., a gulf of Persicus sin. at 
Leana, Arab. 

Lebadea, prius Midea, a town of Boeotia, 
under Laphystius m., w. of Coronea. En- 
larged by Lebadus the Athenian. Famous 
for the oracle of Trophonius. Lihadha, 

Lebena, a town on the s. coast of Crete, e. 
of Leon prom., the e. port of Gortys. 
Mitropoli. 

Lebedos, one of the twelve dties of Ionia, 
bet. Teos and Colophon, e. of Myonnesus 
prom. Almost destroyed by Lysimadius. 
It became the abode or rendezvous of the 
Ionian comedians, who here celebrated 
annual games in honour of Bacchus. Noted 
for its mineral baths. Xingi ; Ecclena, 

Lebinthus ins., an isl. of the .^Egean, one 
of the Sporades, n.e. of Cinarus. Letfita. 

Leborini campi, a district of the Fhl^rsi 
campi, bet. Cumse and Puteoli. Hoice 
was derived the modem name of Campania. 
Terra di Lavoro. 

Leccum, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
Antiochis. 

Lechieni, a people of Arabia Felix, near the 
Dachareni. Bent Lahyan. 

Lectum prom., the s. extremity of Troas, at 
the N. entrance of Adramyttenus sin. ; the 
termination, in this direction, of Ida m. 
Here Juno and the god of sleep landed. 
C. Baba, 

Lectthus, a fortress of Torone, in Sithonia, 
Macedonia. 



LEC 



199 



LEO 



liECH^uM, the w. port of Corinth, on Co- 
rinthiacus sin., 2 m. x. from the city. 

Lederata (Leterita tarns), a town of the 
Albocenses, Dacia, on the Danube, bet. 
Viminadum and Punicum. 

Ledon, a town of Phocis, 8. of Tryia. 
The birth-pbioe of Fhilomelus. In ruins 
in Fausanias' time. 

Ledus, a r. of Narbonensis, falling into the 
Mediterranean at Latera. Lez, 

IjEGiE, a people of Albania As., bet. its n.w. 
portion and Coesius fl. Lekh, 

Legedia, a town of the Osismii, Lugdunen- 
sis III., bet. Cosedia w.s.w. and Condate 
e.s.e. Lezeau. 

Legeolium, a town of the Brigantes, Brit., 
bet. Calcaria and Danum (16). Cattle- 
ford. 

Lbgio, Gralilaese, i. q. Megiddo. 

Legio Septima Gemina (Brigsedum), a 
town of the Astures, Tarraoonensis, n.e. 
of Asturica Augusta. A colonia. Leon, 

Legum, a town of Sidly, on Halycus fl., R., 
below Ancyra. 

Leia ins., an isl. of Cyrenaica, off ApoUonia. 

ZiEixiACUM, a town of Rheetia, 8 m. from 
Mediana, at the confluence of the Licus 
and Danubius. Monastery of Nieder- 
Schonfeld, 

Lbinum, a town of the Bastamse, Sarmat., 

• near the source of Hypanis fl. Near 
Bracklow, 

liELAKNONius siu., a bay of the Atlantic, 
on the coast of the Epidii, Brit. Loch 
Fin, 

Lelantus campus, I. a plain of Euboea, 
above Chalds. In it were springs of hot 
mud. II. fl., a r. of Euboea, rising in Le- 
lantus campus and falling into Euripus s. 
of Chalcis. 

Leleges, an original people of Greece, prior 
to the Pelasgi, occupying Acamania, Lo- 
cris, Euboea, Boeotia, Laconia, several 

- islands in the JBgean, and portions of 
Mysia and Ionia. 

Lblegia, the early name of Laconia, from 

. its Lelegian settlers. 

Lemanus lacus, a lake of Maxima Sequano- 
Tum, formed by the Rhone bet. Geneva w. 
and Viviscus e. L, of Geneva, 

Lembus prom., a pr. of Bithynia, on Bos- 
porus Thradus, n. of Potamonium. 

Lemincum, a town of the Allobroges, in 
Gaul, bet. Aquae Gratianefe and Labisco. 

Lemnis, a port of Mauritania Csesar., bet. 
Mulucha fl. and Ad Fratres. 

Lemnus fl., Boeotia, i. q. Olmius. 

Lemnos ma,,8umamedDvpoh3fpriu8JEihA' 
lia, an isl. of Thrace, in the ^£gean, bet. 
Athos m., frt)m which it is distant 37 m., 



and Imbros ins. In circuit 100 m. From 
its volcanic nature, sacred to Vulcan. Oc- 
cupied first by Sintii, then, prior to the 
Trojan war, by Tyrrheni Pelasgi, and 
afterwards colonized by Athenians. Noted 
for a peculiar astringent earth. Sialic 
mene. 

Lemovices, a people of Aquitania I., bet 
the Pictones and Santones w. and the 
Arvemi e. Haute Vienne, 

Lemovii, postea Heruli, a tribe of Rogiiy 
Germania, on Venedicus sin. w. 

Lentia, a town of the Boii, Noricum, on the 
Danube, n.e. of Ovilia. Built by Gratiaii, 
Lintz. 

Lentiana, a town of Mysia, under Pelecas 
m. 

Lentiani coUes, m. of Mysia, an e. range 
of Temnus m., bet. Cyzicus and Lopa- 
dium. 

Lentienses, a tribe of Yindelid, n. and s» 
of Brigantinus lac. 

Lentula, a town of the Jassii, Pannonia, beb> 
Piretse and Jovia (32). Berzentz, 

Lexus, a town of Puatis, Elis. 

Leon, I. a pr. on the s. coast of Crete, yr^ 
of Lebena. Lionda. II. a headland of 
Euboea, on the w. coast, s. of Styra, over 
against Cynosura prom. C, Daron, IIL 
a maritime village of Sidly, 2 m. n. from 
Syracuse. 

Leonica, a town of the Edetani, Tanraco- 
nensis, w. of Dertosa. A colonia. Villat 
Luengo, 

Leontarne, a town of Boeotia, near Co- 
ronea. 

Leontecephale (Leontos-come), a town of 
Phrygia, near Alexandri Diversorium. 
Noted for its warm springs. 

Leontes fl., a r. of Phoenicia, fidling into 
the sea above Tyrus. Lanto, 

Leontini, I. a later name of the LeestrigoneSy 
Sicily, from the lion impressed on their 
coins. II. (Leontium), their capital, oil 
Terias fl., R., towards its source. Leniini. 
III. campi (Lsestrigonii campi), the country 
of the Leontini in Sicily. 

Leontis, a tribe or ward of Attica. Named 
after the three daughters of Leos. 

Leontium, one of the Twelve Cities of 
Achaaa, on the confines of Elis, s.w. of 
Pharse. (rifto Castro, 

Leontopolis, I. vide Nioephorium. II. ft 
town of Lower Egypt, on the Busiritic 
branch of the Nile, 3 geog. m. s. from 
Thmuis. Here lions were worshipped. 

Leontoscome, Phrygise, i. q. Leontece- 
phale. 

Leontion, a town of Phoenida, on Leontes 
fl.» R., towards its source. 



LEO 



200 



LEU 



Lbopodon, a portion of the coast of Ionia, 
about Erythrse. 

Lepavistum, a town of the Amantini, Pan- 
noniSy bet. Bregetium (d) and Sardellaca 
(13). 

Lbpenus m., a chain of m. in Latium, bet. 
Pneneste and Tarradna. Noted for its 
wines. 

Lbpetymnus m., a range of m. on the n. 
coast of Lesbos ins. Leptimo. 

Lepidotonpolis, a town of Thebais, on the 
Nile, R., 4 geog. m. s. from Cheno- 
boscia. 

Lbpontii (Leipontii), a tribe of Taurisci, 
Rhaetia, on the s. slope of the Alpes Le- 
ponti», N.w. of the Orobii. Fabled to 
nave been so named from having been 
left behind by Hercules, because frost- 
bitten. Bet, Gt. St Bernard and St, 
Gothard, 

Lbpilba ins., an isl. of Ionia, off the mouth 
of Caystrus 11. 

LsPRiEUM, a town of Triphylia, Elis, s. of 
Pylos. Built by the Caucones. Stro- 
bitzi, 

liEPSiA ins., an isl. of Ionia, in the Icarium 
mare, bet. Pharmacusa and Palmos ins. 
Lepso, 

Lbpte (Syrias) prom., a pr. of Paphlagonia, 
the most n. point of Asia Minor, w. of 
Sinope, 15 m. e. from Potami. C 
Jnje, 

Leptis, I. iumamed Magna, po«/«a Neapolis, 
a dty of Tripolis, Africa, on the Mediter- 
ranean, w. of the mouth of Cinyps fl., bet. 
Sugolin and Ad Palmam, at Hermseum 
prom. A Sidonian settlement. A colonia 
(Victrix Julia). The birth-place of Sep- 
timius Severus. Libada. II. sumamed 
Minor, vel Parva, a maritime city of By- 
zacene, bet. Ruspina and Thapsus. A 
municipiimi. Lemta. III. Bseticse, i. q. 
llipa. 

Lbramusa, a town of Fontus, on the 
borders of Cappadocia, towards Mazaca 
(16). 

Leretisca, a town of theTreres, Moesia, 
bet. Media and Sardica. 

Lerinus ins., an isl. of theligauni, Narbo- 
nensis, s. of Lero ins. 

Lerne, I. a stream of Argolis, discharging 
its waters through Lerne palus into Ar- 
golicus sinus. Maloi, II. a lake of Ar- 
golis, towards the mouth of Erasinus fl., 
wherein Minerva purified tiie daughters of 
Danaus, and in which the Argives p^ormed 
religious ablutions. The scene of the 
contest between Hercules and the hydra. 
III. a town of Argolis, at Lerne palus. 

Leron ins., an isL of the Ligaoniy Narbo- 



nensis, 8.e. of Ad Horrea. St. Margtu- 
rite, 

Leros (Leria) ins., an isl. of Caria, in thd 
Icarium mare, one of the Sporades, bet. 
Lepsia and Colymna. Colonized by Mi- 
lesians ; with a temple of Diana, whert 
the birds called Melseagrides were kept. 
Lero, 

Lesa, a town of the Ruacenses, Sardinia, on 
T3rrsus 11., L., above Forum Trajam. 
Ales, 

Lesbos (Pelasgia) ins., an isl. df Mal^s 
Asiat., bet. Adramyttenus sin. and Cumseus 
sin., in circuit 195 m. Colonized by 
Pelasgi, and next by .^lolians, undor 
Lesbus, grandson of ^Eolus. Metelin. 

Lesora m., a summit of Cevenna m., m. of 
Andusia. Mt, Lozere, 

Lessa, a town of Argolis, bet. Argos and 
Epidaurus. Likurio, 

Lestiadjs, a town of Naxos ins., towards 
the s. coast. 

Letandros ins., an isl. of the ^gean, one 
of the Sporades, n.w. of Amorgos. Ste- 
n98a, 

Lete, a town of Amphazitis, Macedonia, 
s.E. of Carabia. 

Letes (Leeti), a tribe of Sarmatians, settied 
in the territory of the Nervii. 

Lethjbus fl., I. a r. of Crete, rising in Id4 
m. and falling into Libycum m. at Metal- 
lum. Messara, II. (Lethe), of Cyre- 
naica, rising in the Desert and falling intQ 
the sea towards Tritonis palus. It was 
the name of this river which the poets 
adopted as that of the river of forgetfulnesa 
Lathon, III. of Estisotis, fdling into 
Feneus fl. below Tricca. IV. of Ionia, 
rising in Factyas m. and falling into 
Mseander fl. below Magnesia. V. of Cal- 
l»cia, i. q. Limia. 

Lethe fons, a sacred spring of Boeotia, rising 
in Liphystius m., near Libadia, and form- 
ing, with Mnemosyne fons, the river Her- 
cine. 

LiTHRUS m., a m. of Pontus, s. of Amasia. 

Letoia (Lotoia) ins., an islet of CephalleniSy 
on the s. coast, over against Baea m. 

Letoplis (Latonse urbs), a town of Lower 
Egypt, on the Saitic channel of the Nile, 
w.N.w, of Heliopolis. 

Letrina (Letrini), a town of Pisatis, Elis, 
on Alpheus fl., rising near its mouth, witk 
a temple of Diana Alpheia a Alpheiusa. 
Named from Letrinus, son of Pelops. 

Letus m., a summit of the Apennines, in 
the territory of the Apuani, Etruria, N.K. 
of Luna. M, Pellegrino, 

Leuca, I. a town of Ionia, on a peninsula 
(at one period an island) in Hermteua 



LEU 



20] 



LEU 



sin., 8. of Phocfea. IL of Bithynia, on 
Sangarius 11., bet. Nicsea and AgriUinm. 
liefke. III. of Laconia, n.e. of Aerie. 
IV. of the Salentini, Halice, towards 
Japygiiun prom. Santa Maria di 
Jjewca, 

Leucadia. Vide Leucas. 

Leuc^ ins., three isl. bet. the n.e. extremity 
of Lesbos ins. and Hecatonnesi ins^ 

Leucapis, a haven of Marmarica, 2 geog. m. 
w. from Glaucum prom. 

Leucaristus, a town of the Didani, Ger- 
mania, n.e. of Budorgis. 

Leucarum, a maritime town of Britain, 15 
m. N.E. from Isca Damnoniorum. Ctn- 
nington, 

Leucas, I. prius Neritis, Epilencadii, a 
, peninsula of Acamania, s. of Anactorium. 
rartly colonized by Corinthians from Am- 
bndl, who afterward, separated it fit>m 
the mainland by a cut, cidled Dioryctus, 
through the connecting isthmus. In the 
time oi Strabo a bridge had been thrown 
across this channeL Santa Maura, II. 
its capital, at the n.e. extremity. A Co- 
rinthian colony from Ambracia and Anac- 
torium. At one time the capital of Acar- 
nania. Santa Maura, 

Leucasia 11., a r. of Messenia, falling into 
Fkunisus 11. N.w. of Stenyderus. Mele- 
gala. 

Leucasium, a town of Arcadia^ on Ladon 
fl., L., above Mesoboa. 

LsucATAS prom., Bithynise, i. q. Acritas. 

LsucATE, '* white,'' I. prom., the s.e. head- 
land of Leucas ins., with a temple of 
Apollo on its summit, in honour of whom 
a condemned criminal was once a year 
thrown from the cliff. The Lover's Leap, 
fatal, among others, to Sappho and to 
Artemisia, queen of Caria. C Ducato, 

II. a port of the Volcse Tectosages, Nar- 
bonensis I., n. of Rusdno. 

Lbucb, I. the coast of Caria, bet. Halicar- 
nassus and . Myndus. II. an isl. on the 
N. coast of Crete, over against Minoa. III. 
an isl. of Sarmatia Europ., near Achillei 
Cursus. IV. an isl. of India i. Gangem, 
off Cottiara. 

Ledce Acte, I. the s.w. coast of Eubcea, 
towards Fetalia prom. II. a pr. of Mar- 
marica, 2 geog. m. from Hermeeum prom. 

III. a headland of Thrace, on the Pro- 
pontis, bet. Tiristasis and Pactya. C. 
Kerkiriacou, 

Leucecome, a town of Arabia Felix, on 
the Red sea, bet. Hippus and Raunathus, 
opposite Nechesia, in Egypt. Haura, 

Lsucbba, a town of the Orobii, Gallia 
CiBalpina, at the %a. extremity of Larius 



lac, bet. Bergomum (20) and Brixia (35). 

Lovere, 
Leuci, "white,'' I. a s.w. continuation 

of Ida m., in Crete, terminating in Criu- 

metopon prom. Aspro Vouni^ II. a 

people of Belgica I., bet. the Medioma- 

trices and the Verodunenses n. and the 

Sequani s. N,E, Haute Mame; N,W» 

Vosgea ; S, Meuse and Meurthe, 
Leucimna prom., a headland of Corcyra ins.^ 

the S.E. extremity of the island, over 

against Sybote ins. C. Bianco. 
Leucocidia, a town of the Novantse, Brit.^ 

at the mouth of Jena H., R. 
Leucogai coUes, hills of Campania, about 

Neapolis. 
Leucolla, I. a pr. of Pamphylia, e. of 

Capria lac. II. a port of Cyprus, n. of 

Pedalium prom. Armida, 
Leuconius fons, a stream of Arcadia, near 

Tegea. 
Leuconoium, I. a demus of Attica, of the 

tribe Leontis. The birth-place of Meton, 

the mathematician. II. a town of Chios 

ins. 
Leuconum, a town of Pannonia Inf., bet. 

Cirtisa (12) and Picentinum (26). RaS' 

boistje. 
Leucopetra, "chalk" (Bruttianum), I. a 

pr. of Bruttium, at the extreme toe of 

Italy, over against Tauromenium, Sicily. 

The termination of the Apennines. C. 

dell* Armi, II. a town of Bruttium, at 

Leucopetra prom. 
Leucophrys, " white-diffed," I. a name of 

Tenedos ins. II. a town of Lydia, 15 

m. s. from Ephesus, towards Priene, with 

a famous temple of Diana Leucophrys. 

Hither the people of Magnesia removed 

and built a new dty. Inek-bazar, 
Leucopibia (Casse Candidte), a town of the 

Novantse, Britan. Wigton, 
Leucopolis, a tovm of Caria, on Doridis 

sin. 
Leucopyra, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Antiochis. 
Leucos portus, a port of Thebais, on the 

Red sea, s. of Aias prom. 
Leucosia (Leucasia), I. an isl. of Lucania, 

off Posidium prom. Named from one of 

the sirens buried there. Licosa; Isola 

piana, II. a town of Cyprus. 
Leuco-Syri, " white Syrians," the colonists 

from Upper Asia of Asia Minor, e. of 

Halys 11. 
Leucothea fons, a stream of Samos. 
Leucotheum prom., a pr. of Pamphylia, 

6 m. S.E. from Cibyra pan-a. C, Kara- 

boumou. 
Leuctba, a town of Bceotia, bet. Thespii& 



LEU 



^ 



LIB 



and Platsea, where the LacedeemonianSi 
under Cleombrotus, were defeated by the 
Thebans under Epaminondas, b.c. 371* 
Lefka, 

Leuctrum, I. a town of Achida, on the 
Meganitas 11., s.e. of Rhyps. II. of 
Arcadia, on the confines of Laconia, the 
inhabitants of which removed to Mega- 
lopolis. Leoniari. III. (Leuctra), a town 
of Messenia, on Messeniacus sin., £., 8 m. 
below Cardamyle. Founded by Pelops. 
Leutro. 

Leucus fl., a r. of Pieria, Macedoniee, 
felling into the Thermaicus sin. below 
Pydna. 

Leucyanias fl., a r. of Elis, rising in 
Pholoe m. and falling into Alpheus fl. e. 
of Olympia. 

Leu6.£Sa (Leutsesa), a town of Melitene, 
Cappadocia. 

Leuni, a people of Vindelicia, contiguous to 
the Runicatae. About Leutkirch. 

Leupas portus, a port of Arabia Felix, k. of 
Thamar 11. Lua. 

Leuphana, a town of the Langobardi, 
Germania, towards the mouth of Albis 11. 
Near Buxtehude. 

Leutarnia, a city of the Lucania, towards 
Lagaria. AlMdona, 

Leutern'i, a tribe of Japyges, occupying the 
coast of Japygia, about Leuca, and that of 
Lucania, about Leutamia. Strabo de- 
scribes them as giants who had escaped 
the destruction of their brethren in the 
Campi PhlegrseL 

Leutoanum, Pannonis, i. q. Ad Labores. 

Levaci, a tribe of Morini, Belgica II., on 
the Scaldis, towards its mouth. 

Levi, a people of Gallia Transpadana, on 
Padus fl., bet. Tidnus fl. and Novaria fl. 

Levoni, a people of Scandinavia. 

Lexovii (Lexobii), a people of Lugdunensis 
II., on the Sequana, L., at its sestuary. 
Calvados, 

LiANUM, a town of the Jazyges, Sarmatite, 
near Coretus sin. w. of Byces fl. 

LiBA, I. a town of Cyrenaica, w. above 
Crocodilum prom. II. of Mygdonia, 
Mesopotamia, s.e. of Nisibis. 

LiBANA (Labbana), a town of Arabene, 
Mes., on the Tigris, bet. Betuma and 
Mespyla. Mosul ? 

Libanesia, a name of Coele-Syria, from 
Libanus m. 

LiBANOTOPHOROS rcgio, a district of Arabia 
Felix, on the s.e. coast, below the Omani- 
tse. Named from its incense. Mountains 
of Sciorm, 

LiBANus (Lebanon) m., a range of m. in 
Sjrria, parallel w. with Antilibanas, be- 



ginning near Tripolis and blending with 
the m. of Trachonitis. Lebanon. 

LiBARNA (libamum), a town of the Sta- 
tielli, Idguria, bet. Caristum and Genua. 
Ltmezzara, 

Libero, a town of the Libicii, Gallia Trans- 
pad., N.w. of Veroellee, on a cognominal 
lake. Viverone, 

LiBETHRA, I. a stream sacred to the Muses, 
on Himolium m., Thessalise. II. (li- 
bethrum), a town of Pieria, Macedonise, 
in Olympus m., near the source of the 
Enipeus, s.w. of Dium. The burial-place 
of Orpheus. Palao Castro, 

LiBETHRus m., a summit of Helicon, Boeo- 
tia, towards Coronea, on which was a grove 
and temple of the Muses, and of the nymphs 
Libethrides. 

LiBETHRUS m., a summit of Olympus m., 
overlooking Libethra, Pieria. Sabred to 
the Muses. 

Libia, a town of the Autrigoncs, Tarraco- 
nensis, bet. Cigurri n.n.e. and Termantia 

LiBici, a tribe of Salyes, GaUiaTranspadana, 

on Padus fl., w. of the Levi, bet. Novaria 

fl. and Duria Maj. fl. About VercelUs, 
LiBiNius fl., a r. of Hibemia, fsdling into 

the sea at Eblana. Liffey, 
LiBisosiA (Forum Augusti), a town of the 

Oretani, Tarraconensis^ e. of Laminiom. 

A colonia. Lesuza, 
LiBNAH (Shilo libnath), I. a town of 

Asher, w. of Shilo. II. of Arabia, near 

Sinai m. III. (Lobna), of Judah, Judsa;, 

bet. Eleutheropolis n.n.e. and Eg^on 

w.s.w. A Levitical city. 
LiBNEUs sest., an eest. of Hibemia, 5 ge(^. 

m. s.w. from Magnata. Sligo Bay, 
LiBORA (Talabriga), a town of the Carpe- 

tani, Tarraconensis, on the Tagus, R. 

Talavera. 
LiBUi, i. q. Libid. 
LiBUM, a town of Bithynia, bet. Nioomedit 

(21) and Nicsa. 
LiBUNCA, a maritime town of the C^alisci, 

Tarraconensis, bet. Navilubio fl. e. and 

Nabius fl: w. 
LiBURNi, a people of Illyria, along the 

Adriatic, s. of the Japydes, frt>m Jadera to 

Titius fl. 
LiBURNiDBS ins., forty islands of the Adria- 
tic, along the coast of Illyria, s. of Absyr* 

tides ins. 
LiBURNVs m., a ridge of Apennines, Dannia 

ApuL, bordering the valley of Tifemus fl>» 

N. Monte delta Serra, 
Libya, with the Greeks and vrith the Li^ 

poets, the continent of Africa ; with th* 

Roman prose writers, tlie n. coast of 



LIB 



203 



LIM 



Africa, from Syrtis Major to Egypt, and 
extending inkuid to the Desert. The 
country of the Lubim or Lehabim of 
Scripture, whence probably the name was 
derived. 

XiiBT A ^OTFTi , I. a maritime region of Africa, 
bet Marmarica, at Parsetonium, and 
Egypt, at Plinthine. II. palus, a lake of 
Gsetulia, s.w. of Palladis pal. Formed by 
Triton fl. 

liiBTCA ora, a name of the coast of the Delta 
of the Rhone. 

Lib Y CUM mare, the portion of the Mediter- 
ranean, bet. tiie coast of Peloponnesus and 
Africa, extending e. as far as Crete. 

LiBTSSA, a Tillage of Bithynia, on Astacenus 
sin. N., at the mouth of Libyssus fl., bet. 
Calchedon (3?) and Nicomedia (23). The 
burial-place of HannibaL Extinct in 
Pliny's time. Malsum. 

Libyssus fl., a r. of Bithynia, falling into 
Astacenus sin. at Libyssa. 

LiCATEs, a people of Yindelida, on Licus fl., 
s. of the Catenates. 

LichXdes ins., three islets of the Locri 
Epicnemidii, in Maliacus sin., bet. Cne- 
mius and Cenaeum prom. Named from the 
fate of Lichas. 

Licus (Licius) fl., a r. of Rhaetia, rising 
s.E. of Brigantium and falling into the 
Danube below Drusomagus. Lech. 

LiDE m., am. of Caria, near Pedasa. 

XdLGAUNi, a maritime tribe of Salyes, Nar- 
bonensis, bet. the Dedates and the Oxybii. 
About St. Vallier, 

LiGKA ins., an isl. of Bntttium, in EUppo- 
niates sin. Named from a siren buried 
there. Pietra delta Nave. 

LiGER fl., a r. of Gaul, rising in Lesora 
m., s.E. of Anderitum, and falling 
into the Atlantic at Portus Namnetum. 
Loire. 

LiGUES, the Greek name of the logures. 

LiGUKES, " mountaineers," a Celtic people, 
settled in Liguria and portions of Etruria, 
long prior to the Tyrrhenian invasion, 
ranking, in order of Italian colonization, 
next to the SiculL They were distributed 
into Capillati, those dwelling on the coast, 
and Montani, those occupying the moun- 
tains. 

LiGURiA, a region of Italy, bounded n. by 
Gallia Transpadana, at Padus fl., s. by 
Ligusticus sin., w. by Alpes Maritime, b. 
by Gallia Cispadana, w. of Trebia fl. At 
one period the Idgurian territory extended 
to the confines of Spain. 

LiGURRUS pagus, the district about Ad Na- 
valia, in Liguria. 

XiiGUsncus sinus, the upper portion of 



Tyrrhenium mare, on the coast of Liguria. 
Golfo di Genoa. 

LiLuEA, a town of Phocis, at the n. foot of 
Parnassus, 22 m. n. from Delphi, near the 
source of Cephissus fl. Palceocastro. 

LiLi£UM, a port of Bithynia, on the Euxine, 
5 m. E. from Dia, at the mouth of Likens fl. 

LiL^us fl., a r. of Bithynia, rising in Hy- 
pius m. and falling into the Euxine at 
Lileeum. 

L^fLYB^uM, I. a pr. of Sicily, w. over 
against Carthage (125 m.). C Boeo. II. 
a city of Sicily, at LUybaeum prom. A 
colonia of Augustus. Marsala. 

LiMANUS fl., a r. of Britannia, s., falling 
into the sea at Novus portus. Rother. 

LiMAGUs fl., a r. of the Helvetii, running by 
Turicum. Limmat. 

LiMAx fl., a r. of Arcadia, falling into the 
Neda, near Phigalea. 

LiMEN^, a town of Pisidia. 

LiMENiA, a town of Cyprus, 4 m. s.e. frt)m 
Soli. 

Limeneium, a town of Caria, in the territory 
of Miletus. 

LiMiA (Belion, Lethe), I. a r. of CaUaecia, 
rising in MeduUus m. e. of Forum Limio- 
rum and falling into the Atlantic below 
Gersea. Noted for the exploit of Decimus 
Brutus. Lima, II. a town of the Bra- 
cari, Tarraconensis, on Limia fl., L., below 
Aquse Querquennee, 19 m. fr^m Bracara. 
Puente de Lima. 

LiMici, a tribe of Bracari, Tarraconensis. 

LiMiosALiUM, a town of the Diduni, Ger- 
mania Magna, N. of Budorgis. Oppeln. 

LiMMOCHORUS, a town of Phrygia Magna, 
on Maeander fl. 

LiMNJE, a village of Messenia, on the border 
of Laconia, n. of Alagonia, where the 
festival of Diana Limnadis was cele- 
brated. 

LiMNiEA (Limne), I. a town of Acamania, 
on the s. shore of Ambracius sin., w. of 
Argos Amphilt>chum. Lutraki. II. of 
the Bechires, Pontus, at the mouth of 
Prytanis fl. III. of Chersonesus Thrada, 
on Melas sin., n. of Alopeconnesus. A 
Milesian colony. IV. of Estiseotis, in 
Thessaly, towards Metropolis. 

LiMNiAS, a town of Pentapolis, Cyrenaicse, 
bet. Cyrene and Hydrax. 

LiMNUS ins., an isl. of Hibemia, s. of Oboca 
fl. St. Patrick* 8 Island. 

LiMOBRAMA, a town of Pamphylia. 

LiMON, I. an islet of Campania, near Nesis 
ins. II. a cavern of Lydia, near Charo- 
nium specus, with which it was said to be 
connected. Sacred to Pluto and Proser- 
pine. 



LIM 



204 



LIT 



LmoNUM (Lemuno). postea Pictavi, capital 
of the Fictones, Aquitania II., bet. Cse- 
sarodunum n.n.b. and Raurannum s.s.w. 
Poitiers. 

LiMUSA, a town of Pannonia. 

LiMYRA, a town of Lycia, on Limyrus il., 3 
m. above its mouth. The death-place of 
Caius Cssar. 

LiMYRiCA, a maritime district of India i. 
Grangem w., bet. n. of Calliane and Co- 
reura. 

Limyrus fl., a r. of Lycia, felling into the 
Mediterranean below Limyra. 

LiNDUM (Lindocolina civitas, Clidum), I. 
capital of the Coritani, Brit., bet. Agelocum 
and Ad Pontem. A colonia. Lincoln, 
IL a town of the Damnii, Brit., on Bo- 
dotria sestuar., bet. Alauua and Alaterva. 
Kirkantulloch. 

LiNDUS, a city of Rhodus ins., on its e. 
coast, s. of Rhodus opp. One of the 
three Dorian cities, with a temple of Mi- 
nerva, founded by Danaus, the image being 
a shapeless stone. The birth-place of the 
sage Cleobulus. Lindo. 

LiNDUS, the early name of Gela, in Sicily, 
from its Lindian colonists. 

LiNGON m., Epiri, i. q. Polyanus m. 

Lin65nes, I. a colony of Lingones from 
Graul, who, dispossessing the Umbri, occu- 
pied the extreme e. part of Gallia Cispa- 
dana, bet. Padus fl. and Rubico fl. II. a 
people of Lugdunensis I., on the Arar, R., 
towards its source, n. of the JSAm. N, 
C6te d'Orj S. Aube and Haute Vienne, 
N. Haute Saone. IIL Their capital. 
Langres. 

LiNTOMAGUS, a town of the Menapii, Bel- 
gica IL, bet. Castrum Morinorum n. and 
Ad Lullia. 

LiNUM, I. a pr. of Bruttium, n. of Clam- 
petia. Capo Verre, IL a town of 
Mysia, on the Hellespont, bet. Parium and 
Pnapus. Noted for its shell fish. 

LipXra, " fertile," postea Lycandus, a dis- 
trict of Cappadocia. II. chief of the 
JBk)lise ins. Lipari, 

LiPAREJE Ins., i. q. j£olis. 

LiPAxus, a town of Chalcidice, Macedonia, 
on Thermaicus sin., bet. Combria and 
Potidaea. 

LiPORis fi., a r. of Cilida Campestris, falling 

into the sea at Soli. It rose near some 

pitch-springs, and its water was accordingly 

very unctuous, as the name imports. 

LiFSYDRiuM, a fortress of Attica, n. of 

Psonia, near Aphidna. 
LiQUENTiA (Liquetia) fl., I. a r. of Venetia, 
rising in the Alps and falling into the 
Adriatic by several mouths, bet. Plavis fl. 



and Romatinus fl. Livenza. II. portus, 
a town of the Veneti, Venetia, at the 
mouth of Idquentia fl. Porto di Marga- 
rita. 

LiRiA, Tarraconensis, i. q. Edeta. 

LiRiMiRis, a maritime town of the Saxones, 
Germ., over against Saxonum ins. Two 
m, N. of Hamburgh. 

LiRiNATES, the people of Interamna ad 
Lirin. 

LiRis fl., prius Clanis, a r. of Latium, 
rising in the territory of the Marsi, w. of 
Lacus Fucinus, and felling into Tyrrhenium 
m. below Mintumae. Noted for its slug- 
gish course. Garigliano. 

LiRUSA, a town of the Hercuniatse, Pannon., 
bet. Sopianae and Silacenae. 

LiSiG, a town of Chalcidice, Macedonia, on 
Thermaicus sinus, s. of Smila. 

LisiA ins., an isl. of Britain. 

LisiNJE, a town of Estiseotis, Thessaly, s. 
of Thimarum. 

Liss A ins., an isl. of the Adriatic, one of the 
Liburnides ins., over against Jadera. Isola 
Grossa. 

LissA, a northern town of the Ilergetes, 
Tarraconensis. 

Liss A (Exilissa), a town of Mauritania 
Ting., on Herculis Fretum, bet.Ting^and 
Abyla. 

Liss^, a town of the Odrysas, Thrace, on 
Hebrus fl., above Bessapara. 

LissR ins., a rock on the s. coast of Crete, 
towards Metallum. 

Lissus fl., I. a r. of the Cicones, Thrace, 
falling into the ^gean bet. Stryme and 
Mesembria. One of the rivers exhausted 
by the army of Xerxes. II. a r. of Sicily, 
flowing by Leontini into the Terias. Z«i- 
tini. III. (Lissa), a town on the s.w. 
coast of Crete, bet. Bienon and Calamydes. 
Castel Selino. IV. of the Taulantii, D- 
lyria, on Drilon fl. near its mouth. Founded 
by a colony of Syracusans under Dionysios. 
A colonia. 

LiSTA, capital of the Pelasgi, in Sabinimn, 3 
m. 8.E. of Tiora. 

Lit ANA silva, a forest of Gallia Cispadana, 
extending along the base of the Apennines 
from Scultenna fl. to Secies fl. The lo- 
cality of the destruction of the Roman 
army, under L. Posthumius Albinus, by 
the G^uls. Litana. 

LiTANOBRiGA, a town of the Silvanectes, 
Belgica II., bet. Caesaromagus n.w. and 
Augustomagus s.e. 

LiTERNA palus, a marsh of Campania, formed 
by Liternus fl. just above its mouth. Lag^ 
di Patria. 

LiTERNUM, a maritime town of CampaniSf 



LIT 



205 



LON 



on Via Domitiaiiay bet. Sinuessa (14) and 
Cumae (6). A colonia 196 b.c. The 
death-plaoe of Sdpio AMcanus. Pairia, 
LiTERNUS fl., a r. of Campania, rising near 
Abella and falling into the sea at Litemum. 
Lagno. 
LiTHRus m., a ridge of Paryadres m., in 

Pontus, N.w. of Amasia. 
LiTTAMUMy a town of the Isarci, Rhaetite, 
bet. Setalum (23) and Aguntum (23). 
Prunecken, 
LiTUBiuMy Liguriae, i. q. Ritubinm. 
LiviA.Ni, a town of the Volcse Tectosages, 
Narbonensis I., bet. Tricesimom w. and 
Usuerva e. 
Li VI AS, Gahiaditis, i. q. Bethhoran. 
LiviNiANA, a town of Nnmidia, bet. Po- 

pletum and Vicus Aureli. 
LivioPOLis, i. q. Hermonassa of Pontus. 
Lixus, I. a r. of Mauritania Ting., rising in 
Atlas Minor, and falling into the Atlantic 
at Lixus. Luccos, II. of Libya w. St, 
Cyprian. III. (Linx), a port of Mauri- 
tania Ting., at the mouth of Lixus fl., L., 
bet. Thymiaterium and Zilia (32). The 
abode of Antseus. Varais or Varache, 
Lizizis, a town of the Biephi, Dacia, n.w. 

of Berzovia. 
LoBETANi, a tribe of Celtiberi, Tarraco- 
nensis, n. of the Suessetani, about Lo- 
betum. 
LoBETUM, capital of the Lobetani, Tarraco- 
nens., on Turia fl., L., near its source. 
Built by the Lybian Hercules. Albarazin? 
Biquena ? 
LoBUNi, Brit., i. q. Dobuni. 
LocANus fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 

Locrensis sin. n. of Locri. Locano. 
Loch A, a town of Zeugitana, inland of 

Utica. 
Lochias prom., a pr. of Egypt, at Alexan- 
dria. 
LocoRiTUM, a town of the Tursones, Grerm., 
on Moenus fl., R., below the junction of 
Sala fl. Gemund, 
LocoGUS, a town of Phrygia, on Maeander 

fl. Destroyed by an inundation. 
LocRAS fl., a r. of Corsica, falling into the 

sea at Paula. Talavo. 
LocRi, sumamed Epicnemidii, I. a tribe 
of Leleges, settled on the n. shore 
of Maliacus sin., w. of the Locri 
Opuntii and n.e. of their colonists, 
the Locri Ozolae. II. stimamed Epize- 
ph3rrii, a body of slaves, who, escaping 
from Locris Epicnemid. with their masters' 
wives, settled circa 710 B.C., uuder the 
conduct of Evanthes, in Bruttium, about 
Zeph3rrium prom., whence their surname. 
III. tumamedO^xmt^f a tribe of Leleges, 



settled about Opus, in Phods, whence 
their name. Their territory extended 
along Opuntius sin. from Cnemis to Halae. 
IV. sumamed Ozolae, ** stinking Locrians," 
a colony from Eastern Locris, occupying 
Locris Prop., nicknamed from the frtble 
that some of the streams in their territory, 
rising in Taphius m., under which Nessus, 
the centaur, was buried, were fetid with 
his blood ; or, from the stench diffused by 
the burning in the district of the arrows of 
Hercules, dipped in the blood of Hydra. 
They were also, from their position with 
regajrd to the parent tribe, called Locri 
Zephyrii. About Malandrino. V. capi- 
tal of the Locri Epizephyrii, Brut- 
tium, on Locrensis sin., bet. Subsidvum 
and Altanum. Founded by Evanthes, the 
Locri-Ozolian or Epicnemidian, circa 710 
B.C. Celebrated for its ruler, Zaleucus, 
the first who compiled a code of laws. 
Pagliapoli. 

Locris, a country of Graedae. Peloponnesum, 
bounded n. by Doris, s. by Corinthiacus 
sin., w. by ^tolia, e. by Phods. The 
country of the Locri Ozolae. 

LoD, 1. q. Lydda Diospolis. 

LoDEBAR, a town of Gad, near Mahanaim. 
The dwelling-place of Mephibosheth. 

LoGANA (Lohana) fl., a r. of Germania 
Magna, falling into the Rhine. Lahn. 

LoGi, a people of Britannia Barbara, bet. 
the Cantae and the Cornavii. S.E. Suth' 
erland and S, Caithness, 

LoGiA (Lugia) fl., a r. of the Darini, Hibem., 
falling into the sea N.w. of Novantum 
prom. Lagan. 

LoNciuM, a town of the Ambidravi, Nori- 
cum, on Dravus fl., L., bet. Aguntum (18) 
and Julium Camicum (22). Luccau, 

LoNDiNiuM, capital of the Trinobantes, on 
Tamesis fl. A colonia (Augusta Trino- 
bantum). London. 

LoNGANUS fl., a r. of Sidly, falling into the 
Tyrrhenian sea bet. T}'ndaris and Mylae. 
Fiume di Castro Reale. 

LoNGATicuM, a town of the Latovid, 
Pannonia, bet. Nauportus (6) and Ad 
Castra, at the source of Nauportus 0. 
Logatez. 

LoNGiNiA, a village of Cilida Camp., near 
Tarsus. 

Longones, a maritime town of the Corsii, 
Sardinia, on Gallicum fretum, at Ere- 
bantium prom. 

LoNGOVicuM, a town of the Brigantes, s. 
of Moricambe aestuar. 

LoNGULA, a town of the Volsd, e. of Ardea. 

LoNGUM prom., a pr. of Sidly, s.e. of Syra- 
cuse. Capo Lungo, 



LON 



206 



LUE 



LoNGUM sestuarium^'an aestuary of the Cale- 

donii, Brit, w., falling into the sea at 

Malea ins. Loch Linnhe. 
LoPADiuM, a Lower Age Greek town of 

Mysia, on Rhyndacus fl., below Apollo- 

niatis lacus. Jjubad, 
LoPHis fL.f a stream of Boeotia, falling into 

Copais lac.y w. of Haliartus. 
LoposAGUM, a town of the Sequani, Maxi- 
ma Sequanorum, on Dubis fl., R., bet. 

Yelatoduram and Visontio. LiixioL 
LoRACiNA fl.y a stream of Latium, near 

Astura, which the praetor, C. Lucretius, 

diverted into the grounds of his villa. 
LoRiuM, a town of Etruria, bet. Rome (12) 

and Alsium (10), on Via Aurelia. The 

death-place of Antoninus Pius. Castel 

Guido. 
LoRYMA, a port of Caria, in .£dimus sin., 

within C3niossema prom. e. Porto Cava- 

Here or Aploiheka, 
LoRNB, a town of Mygdonia, Mes., bet. 

Antoninopolis and Maride. 
LosA, a town of the Bercarates, Novem 

Populana, s. of Boii. 
LosoDicA, a town of Rhaetia, bet. Septemiaca 

(7) and Mediana (11). Lustnau. 
IjOSSOnus, Thess., i. q. Oloossoon. 
LoTADOS, a town of the Ambilid, Noricnm, 

12 m. E. of Ragindum. 
LoTEVA, Narbonensis, i. q. Forum Ne- 

ronis. 
LoTOPHAOi, "lotus-eaters," a people of 

Syrtis Reg., bet. Cjniypbs fl. and Triton 

fl. Named from living upon the lotus. 
LoTOPHAGORUM (Lotophagltis) ins., a name 

of Meninx ins., Byzac., from the inhabi- 
tants being lotus-eaters. 
LoTUM, a town of the Caleti, Lugdunensis 

II., on the Sequana, bet. Juliobona w. and 

Rotomagus e. 
Lex A il., a r. of the Caledonii, falling into 

the Germ. oc. above Abona aestuarium. 

Loth: Losaie. 
LucA, a Teutanian city of Etruria, on Ausar 

fl., L. A colonia and municipium, 170 

B.C. Lucca. 
LucANi, a tribe of Samnites, settled in 
. . Lucania. 
LucANiA, a region of Italy, separated from 

ApuUa by Bradanus fl., from Campania 

by Silarus fl., from Bruttium s.w. by 

Laos fl., and s.e. by Crathis fl. Bounded 

w. by Inferum mare and e. by Tarentinus 

sin. 
JiUCERiA, a town of Daunia Apulia, 12 m. 

w. of Arpi. Built by Diomed, with a 

temple consecrated by him to Minerva. 

A colonia 314 B.C. Noted for its wool. 

Lucera, 



LucENSES, a tribe of Callaed, Tarraconenais, 
L. of Minius fl. 

LucENTUM (Lucentia), a town of the Con- 
testani, Tarraconenais, on Illidtanus sin., 
bet. Tader fl. s. and Castmm Album. A 
colonia. Lucante ; Alicant. 

LuciNA (Elethia), a town of Thebais, on the 
Nile, R., bet. Contra-Latopolis and Tomn. 
Sacred to Elethia (Ludna). 

LuciPEA, a town of the Vettones, Lnsitania, 
20 m. N.E. of Augusta Emerita. 

LucRETiLis m., a hill of Sabinium, on Far- 
farus fl. Monte Libretti, 

LucRiNus lacus, a lake of Campania, at 
Baiae, originally an inlet of the sea, but 
inclosed by a dyke a mile long, the work 
of Hercules. Noted for its oysters. The 
creation of an earthquake in 1538 now 
occupies its site. Monte Nuovo, 

LucRis, a town of the Arevacae, Tarraconen- 
sis. Soria, 

LucuLLiANA, a town of Numidia, bet. Vi- 
salta and Salviana. 

Lucua, I. a r. of Liguria, falling into Ligus- 
ticus sin. at Lucus Bormanni. II. a town 
of the Marsi, on Lacus Fucinus s.w. 
Named from a sacred grove of Augitia, 
sister of Circe. Luco. III. (Ovetum), ««r- 
named Asturum, of the Astures, Tarraoo- 
nensis, s.w. of Noega. Otfiedo, IV. «ir- 
named Augusti, capital of the Lucenses, 
Tarraconensis, on Minius fl., L., above 
Salientes. A munidpium. Lugo. V. of 
Narbonensis, bet. Vapincum and Ad 
Deam Vocontiorum. VI. sumamed Au- 
gusti, of the Vocontii, Viennensis, bet 
Dea Vocontiorum n.n.w. and Vologatis 
S.E. Luc, VII. sumamed Bormanni, of 
the Ingauni, Liguria, at the mouth of 

. Lucus fl., L., bet. Costa Balaena (16) and 
Albingaunum (16). VIII. sumamed Fte- 
roniae, a grove of Feronia, Latium, 3 m. w. 
from Tarradna. In it was a fountain 
sacred to the goddess and a temple dedi- 
cated to her by some Lacedaemonian exiks, 
in which was a stone seat, on which de- 
serving slaves received their freedom. IX. 
sumamed Feroniae, a town of Etmria, 
erected around a temple of Feronia, s. of 
Vesidia fl. A colonia. Pietra Santa, X 
sumafiied Semnonum, a sacred forest of 
the Semnones, Germania. The locality of 
the general assemblies of the Suevic tribes. 
Sonnewald and Finsterwald. 

LuDiA (Audia), a town of Arabia Petran, 
under Hor m. w. The Eldaah of Genesis. 
Eldij. 

LuENNA, a town of Noricnm, 23 m. from 
Virunum. Volkermarkt, 

LuENTiuM (Loventinam, Laentinum), & 



LUG 



207 



LU8 



. town of the Demetae, on Tuerobis fl., | 
near its mouth. Supposed to have been 
swallowed up by an earthquake and to 
have occupied the site of lake Llyn Sava- 
tan. By some, however, identified with 
Uan-dewy-brevis. 
LuGDUNENSis (Gallia Celtica), a division of 
Graui, comprising Lugdunensis I. Lyori' 
naiSf Bourgognen Nivemoisy and part of 
Champagne, II. Normandiej Seine In/e- 
rieurey Sfc. III. TourainCf Mainey Sfc, 
IV. Isle de Francef Sfc, 
LuGDUNUM, I. a town of the Convenae, 
Novem Populana, on the Garumna, L., to- 
wards its source. St, Bertrand. II. of 
Germania, near the mouth of the n. issue 
of the Rhine. Ley den. III. capital of 
the Segusiani, Gaul, at the confluence of 
Rhodanus and Arar ffl. A Gaulish town, 
enlarged by Munatius Plancus, 42 B.C. 
Burned a.d. 64; rebuilt by Nero. The 
birth-place of Claudius. Lyon, IV. aur- 
named Clavatum, a town of the Yeroman- 
dui, bet. Augusta Veromanduorum and 
Durocortorum. Laon, 

X4UGEUS lacus, a lake of Pannonia Sup., on 
the confines of Libumia, s.w. of Emona, 
near the source of Arsia fl. It becomes 
empty in the summer months, and the 
people then grow com on it. L, Zirich' 
fUtz, 

LuGi (Lygii), a people of Britannia Barbara, 
on the E. coast, bet. the Comavi n. and 
the Meretse s. 

LuGiDUNUM, a town of the Lygii, Germ., 
s. of Stragona. 

LuGio (Lugionum), a town of Valeria- 
Pannon., bet. Antiana (12) and Alta Ripa 
(22). Batta. 

LuouBALLUM (Caor-Luel), a town of the 
Brigantes, Brit., on Ituna fl., L., towards 
its mouth. Carlisle. 

LuMA, I. a town of Arabia Deserta, near 
Sabe. A seat of the Leummim of Scrip- 
ture. II. of Arabia Felix. III. a fortress 
of Phrygia Magna, on Mseander fl. 

LuMBEBiTA, a town of the Berones, Tarra- 
oonens., bet. Barbariana n. and Numan- 
tia s. 

LuMO, a maritime town of the Intemelii, 
Laguria, bet. Alpis Summa (6) and Albin- 
temelium (10), on Via Aurelia. 

Luna, I. a town of the Apuani, Etruria, on 
Macra fl., near its mouth. A municipium. 
Noted for its marble (the Carrara), its 
wine, and its large cheeses. Luni, II. of 
tiie Segusiani, Lugdunensis I., on the 
Arar, bet. Matisco and Assa Paulina. 

LuNiB m., I. m. of Libya Int., of uncertain 
position. II. portus, the harbour of Luna, 



Etruria. Golfo di Spezzia. III. prom., 
a pr. of Etruria, at Luna (n.w.). C. Corvo. 
IV. of Lusitania, n. of Magnum Promon- 
torium. Cabo Corbociro, V. silva, m. 
of Germania Magna, on each side of 
Marus fl. Manhartsberg, 

LuNARiuM prom., a pr. of Tarraconensis, s. 
bet. Iluro n.e. and Bsetulo s.w. Punta 
de Maladayre, 

LuPATiA, I. a ridge of Apennines, separating 
Messapia from the Peuceti. II. a town of 
Messapia, under Lupatia m., s.w. of Blenu 
Altamura, 

LuPHARDUM, a town of the Bonochsemae, 
Grerm., on Albis fl., s.e. of Calsepa. 

LupiA (Luppia), I. a r. of Germania Mag., 
rising in Teutoburgus Saltus, w. of the 
springs of the Amisus, and after separating 
the Bructeri Maj. from the Bructeri Min., 
falling into the Rhine above Castra Vetera. 
Lippe, II. prius Sybaris, postea Lycium, 
a town of Calabria, on Teuthras fl., bet. 
Baletium (15) and Hydruntum (25). A 
Rhodian colony. Lecce, 

LupoDUNUM, a town of the Vangiones, 
Germ., on Niter fl., R., near its junction 
with the Rhine. Built by Valentinian. 

LuPTA, a town of the Cherusci, Germ., w. of 
Melibocus m. 

LuaulDO, a town of the Balari, Sardinia, 
bet. Macopsisa and Olbia, with a port 
called Portus Luquidonis. Lugodor, 

LuRA, a town of the Veromandui, Belgica 
II., on the Isara, R., below Noviomagus. 

LuRiA fl., a r. of Baetica, falling into the 
Atlantic bet. the Anas and Urius fl. 

LuRiNUM, a town of Corsica, s.w. of Ma- 
riana. 

Lusi, a town of Arcadia, n.w. of Clitor, at 
the source of Aroanius fl. Almost extinct 
in Pausanias' time. 

LusiA, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 
.^Ineis. 

Lusi AS fl., a r. of Bruttium, falling into 
Tarentinus sin. s. of Crathis fl. Much 
used by the Sybarites for their baths, on 
account of the softness and purity of its 
water. Lucido, 

LusiTANi, the N.w. population of Lusitania, 
bet. Durius and Tagus ifl. 

Lusitania, a division, under Augustus, of 
Hispania Ulterior, bet. the Anas and the 
Durius, separated from Tarraconensis by a 
line drawn from Sarabris n. to Uucia s. 
Portugal {except Entre Douro y Minho,) 
and Tras os Montes, 

Lusius fl., the name of Gortymus fl., towards 
its source. 

LusoNES, an early people of Tarraconensis, 
on the Tagus, towards its source. 



:lus 



208 



LYC 



LusoNiANA, a town of Valeria, Pannoniae, 
bet. Sardellaca (13) and Adncom (12). 

LussoNiUM, a town of Valeria, Pannon., on 
the Danube, bet. Intercisa and Annama- 
tium. Near Pakt, 

LuTETiA, postea Parisii, capital of the Parisii, 
Lugdunensis IV., on an island in the 
Seine, above Anderitinm. La Cit4 at 
Paris, 

LuTEVA, a town of the Volcse Arecomici, 
bet. A^tha and Segedunum. Lodeve. 

LuTiA,a town of the Lusones, Tarraconens., 
on Tagonius fl., R., 38 m. s.e. from Nu- 
mantia. 

LuTOSA fl., a r. of Gaul, flowing by Alesia. 
Lose. 

LutudXrum, a town of the Brigantes, Bri- 
tannia. Leeds. 

LuxiA fl., a r. of Spain, bet. the Anas and 
the Baetis. Odiel. 

LuxoviuM, a town of the Sequani, w. of 
Magetobria. Luxeuil. 

Luz, the early name of Bethel. 

Lyc ABBTTUS m., a m. of Athens, s.w. of the 
Acropolis. 

Ltcadium (Cycladium) sin., a rivulet of 
Bosporus Tlundus, Bithynia, n. of Nansi- 
machium. 

LrCifiA, a town of Arcadia, on Helisson fl., 
B. of Megalopolis, whither the inhabitants 
removed. 

Lycjeus, I. campus, a plain of Bith3niiaf on 
Lycus fl. II. m., a m. of Arcadia, over- 
looking Lycosura. The birth-place of 
Jupiter, according to Arcadian tradition, 
with a grove sacred to him, in which ani- 
mals were said to cast no shadow. There 
was also a grove sacred to Pan, where the 
rites, called at Rome Lupercalia, were first 
celebrated. Tetragi. 

Lyc AON, a town of Phrygia, near Themi- 
sonium. 

XiYCAONiA,. I. an early name of Arcadia, 
from Lycaon. II. a country of Asia Minor, 
bounded n. by Galatia, s. by Cilicia, w. 
by Phrygia and Pisidia, e. by Cappadoda. 
Origimdly settled by Solymi. 

Lycapsus, a town of Lydia. 

Lycastus, I. a town of Crete, bet. Miletus 
and Olus. Extinct in Strabo's time. 
Lakida. II. of Pontus, at the mouth 
of a cognominal river, 3 m. e. from 
Amisus. 

Lychnidus, capital of theDassaretse, Illyria, 
on the E. shore of Lychnitis palus, bet. 
Patrse (14) and Brygias (13), on the 
£gnatiaVia. Founded by Cadmus. Nearly 
destroyed by an earthquake in the time of 
Justinian. Near the Monastery of St. 
Naum. 



Lychnitis palus, I. pritts Dassaretis, a lake 
of the Dassaretae, Illyria, formed by the 
Drilon Niger, abounding in fish. Ltyo 
d'Ochrida. II. of Otene, Armen., k.e. of 
Artaxata. Gaghamai. 

Lycia, a country of Asia Minor, bounded 
N. by Phryg^ at Cadmus m., s. by the 
Mediterranean, w. by Caria, e. by Pisidia 
and Pamphylia. Settled by Termile or 
Tremilae from Crete, under Sarpedon, 
brother of Minos, and then by Greeks, 
under Lycus, son of Pandion. The Ly- 
cians excelled as archers. 

Lycium, Calabriae, i. q. Lupia. 

Lycoa, a village of Arcadia, at the foot of 
Msenalus m., near the junction of Al{diei]S 
and Sapheates ffl. 

Lycone m., a m. of Argolis, s.w. of Aigos. 

Lycopolis, a town of Thebius, on the Nile, 
L., bet. Cusae and Apollinis Minor Civitas. 
Named from the worship there of wolves. 
Si/outh, 

Lycorea, '* wolves' height,*' a town of 
Phocis, on Parnassus, n. of Cyparissus, 
whither the people of Delphi retreated in 
Deucalion's flood, guided by the howling of 
wolves, whence the name. Lgakoura. 

Lycormas fl., the earlier name of Evenus fl., 
^tolise. 

Lycosthene, a town of Lydia. 

Lycosura, a town of Arcadia, under Lycsens 
m., w. of Megalopolis. Founded by Ly- 
caon, and the royal residence of his suc- 
cessors. Deemed by Pausanias the oldest 
city in the world. Agios Giorgios, 

Lyctus (Lyttus), a town of Crete, under 
Dicte m., bet. Prasus and Chersonesus, 
10 m. from Libycum mare. ^ Upon its 
being destroyed by the Gnossians, the in- 
habitants removed first to Lampe and then 
to Diatonium. 

Lycuntes, a town of Arcadia, bet. Aigiatha 
and Scotane. 

Lycuria, a town of Arcadia, s.w. of Fhe- 
neus, at the source of Ladon fl. Likori. 

Lycus, prius Zabatus, Zaba, I. a r. of 
Assyria, rising in Chiliocomum and fiUling 
into the Tigris below Larissa. Named by 
the Macedonians from the Lycus of Phrygia. 
Zab Ala, or Greater Zab. II. of Bithy- 
nia, falling into the Euxine 3 m. w. from 
Heraclea. III. of Cyprus, falling into the 
sea at Curium. IV. (Chersus), of Cilicia 
Campestris, falling into Issicus sin. N. of 
Issus. V. of Colchis, forming, with Glao- 
cus fl., Apsarus fl. Gorgoro, VI. of 
Lydia, falling into Hyllus fl. VII. of 
Phoenicia, running into the Medit^raoMii 
near Berytus. Nahel-Kelb. VIII. of 
Phrygia Magna, rising in Cadmus m.» 



LYD 



209 



MAC 



Lyda, and falling into Meeander fl. towards 
Tripolis. In its course, it disappears for 
some time under ground. Djok-Bounai, 
IX. of Pontus, rising in Armenia Minor, 
w. of Aza, and fitlting into the Euxine 
8.W. of Amisus. Yeahil'Ermak. X. of 
Sarmatia As., falling into the Tanais 
above Tanais. XI. of Sarmatia E., fall- 
ing into Palus Maeotis e. of Agaris fl. 
Kalmius, 

Lydda (Lud), posfea Diospolis, a town of 
Judaea, bet. Joppa n.w. and Emmaus s.e. 
The scene of the cure of j£neas by St. 
Paul. Lud. 

Lydia, I. prius Mseonia, a country of Asia 
Minor, bounded n. by Mysia, at Hermus 
H., s. by Caria, at Maeander fl., w. by 
Ionia, £. by Phrygia Magna. Peopled 
Successively from Syria (irom towards Ba- 
bylon), and from Phoenicia, by Leleges, 
Caucones, and Pelasgi, and by Moesi from 
Thrace and Thessaly. Under Croesus, the 
kingdom extended from Halys fl. to the 
^gean. Named from Lydus, son of Atys, 
or from Lud, son of Shem. II. a town of 
Cassiotis, Syriae, e., on the Orontes, e. 
of Bacataili. Schoghor. 

Ltdias fl., a r. of Bottiaea, Macedonia, rising 
in Pellaeus lacus and falling into Thermai- 
cus sin. below Ichnae. Carismaik. 

Lyodamum, a town of Mysia. 

Lyqies, i. q. Ligures. 

Ltgii (Lugii, Lugiones), a people of Ger- 
mania Mag., bet. Vistula and Viadrus ffl., 
s. of the Vindili, e. of Asdburgius m. 
Named from the close l^tgue subsisting 
among their various tribes. 

Lygk>n, a town of Pisidia, w. of Caralitis 
pal. near the source of Lysis fl. 

!Lyle, a town of Arcadia. 

Lymn^us lacus, a lake of Acamania, below 

' liymnaea n.w. and Argos Amphilochum, 6 

m. long. Nizero. 
'Lyncestis aqua, an acidulous spring bet. 
Heraclea Lyncestis and Bcva, the waters 
^ of which were said to have an inebriating 

- effect. Eceisso Verbeni. 

•Xyncbus, I. a r. of Etruria, rising n.e. of 

• -Yetolonii and falling into the sea e. of 

Populonium. Corina. II. a lake of 

' Etmria, formed by Jjjaceua fl. just above 
" its mouth. X. Caldano, 

liYifCUS (Lyncestis), the country of the 
Lyncestae, Macedonia, on the borders of 
lUyria. Bounded n. by Deuriopus, s. by 
Orastis and Eordaea, w. by Dassaretia, 
E. by Bottiaea and Emathia. 

Lyncus, i. q. Heraclea Ljnicestis. 

Lyperus m., a summit of Olympus in 
Bithynia. 



Lynxama, a town of Meroe. 

Lyrbe (Lyrope), a town of Pamphylia, to- 
wards Etenna. 

LYRCiEA (Lyrcaeum), a town of Argolis, 
under Lyrcaeus m., bet. Argos (7J) and 
Omeae (7i). 

Lyrc^us m., a m. of Argolis, 10 m. n.w. 
of Argos. 

Lyrnatia, a fortress of Lycia, on a cog- 
nominal peninsula. 

Lyrnas, Pamphyliae, i. q. Lymessus. 

Lyrnessus, I. a Syro-Phoenician town of 
^olis Asiat., on Evenus fl., 10 m. s. from 
Adramyttium. The town of Bryseis, de- 
stroyed by Achilles. II. (Lymeas), a 
maritime town of Pamphylia, s. of At- 
taleia. Founded by Cilicians of Troas. 
Ematia, III. a name of Tenedos ins. 

Lysias (Lysinia), a town of Phrygia Mag., 
on Lysis fl., e. of Themisonium. Founded 
by Alexander. 

Lysimachia, I. a town of jEtolia, s.w. of 
Trichonius lac, bet. Chalcis and Arsinoe. 
Built by Arsinoe, and named by her in 
honour of her first husband Lysimachus. 
II. a city of Chersonesus Thracia, on 
Melas sin. Founded by Lysimachus, and 
partly peopled from Cardia. It was re- 
stored by Antiochus, and again by Jus- 
tinian, who named it Hexamilion, the 
isthmus at that point being six miles 
across. 

Lysimelia, a lake or marsh formed by 
Anapus fl., Siciliae, near its mouth. 

Lysinoe (Lysinia), a town of Pisidia, n.e. 
of Cormasa, near Pisidicus lacus. 

Lysis fl., a r. of Pisidia, falling into Ca- 
tarrhactes fl. 

Lystra, a town of Lycaonia, 30 m. s. of 
Iconium, n.w. of Derbe. Noted in the 
history of St. Paul. Khatoun Serai, 

Lyt/e, a town of Thessaly, near Tempe. 

Lytarnis prom., a pr. of Sarmatia, on 
Borealis Oceanus. 



M. 

Maagrammum, a city of Taprobane, under 

Galibi m., e. towards Procuri. 
Maarsares fl., i. q. Naarsares. 
Macje, I. a tribe of Omanitae, Arab., on 

Persicus sin. The Naumachaei of Pliny. 

II. a people of Africa Prop., on the s.w. 

coast of Syrtis Major, towards Cinyps fl. 
Macala, a town of Bruttium, 3 m. inland 

from the Ionian Sea, 15 m. n, from 



MAC 



210 



MAC 



Crotona. Founded by Philoctetes, who 
was worshipped there. 

Macanit^, a people of Mauritania Ting., 
s. of Atlas Minor, bet. the Bacuates and 
the Herpeditani. 

MACAREiG, a town of Arcadia, on the left 
bank of Alpheus fl., 2^ m. s.w. from Me- 
galopolis. 

Macaria, I. ins., an isl. of Egypt, in the 
Red Sea, n. of Pan! ins. II. regio, a dis- 
trict of Messenia, on Pamisus fl., w. of 
Calamffi. III. (Nagidos), a town of Cyprus, 
2^ m. E. of Ceronia. 

MACARiiE fons, the fountain of Macaria, 
daughter of Hercules, at Marathon, in 
Attica. 

Macharta, a town of Mygdonia, Mesop., 
on Arzamo fl., bet. Ressaina and Nisibis. 

Macc ALA, a maritime town of the Adramitee, 
Arab., bet. Cane and Sochor. Maculla, 

Maccar^, a town of Phthiotis, in Thessaly, 
N. of Pharsalus. 

MACCOLALiNOifi, a tribe of Calings, India, 
E. of the Ganges. 

Macedni, the early name of the Macedones 
and of the Dores, in their original seat in 
Estisotis, in Thessaly, under Pindus m. 

Maceonon, a district of Macedonia, near 
Pindus m. The original seat, esi)ecially, 
of the Macedones. 

Macedones Aschylic^e, i. q. Myso-Mace- 
dones. 

Macedoni A(Macetia) , jonu^Emathia, a coun- 
try of Europe, bounded n. by Moesia, s. by 
Thessaly and the ^gean, w.by Ill3rria, and e. 
by Thrace. An original seat, with Thrace, 
of the Pelasgi or Tyrrheni. Established 
as a kingdom, according to some authors, 
by Caranus or Gavanus, descendant of 
Temenus, son of Hercules ; but, according 
to Herodotus and Thucydides, by Perdic- 
cas, another of the Temenidse of Argos. 
The name, traditionally derived from Ma- 
cedo, son of Jupiter or Osiris, at first de- 
signated only the district of Macednon, 
near Pindus m. 

Macedonia Adjecta, the portion of Mace- 
donia and Thrace bet. Strymon fl. and 
Nestus fl. So called because added to the 
Macedonian territory by Philip, son of 
Amyntas. 

Macbla prom., a pr. of Arabia Felix, at the 
entrance of Persicus sin. 

Macella, a town of Sicily, s.e. of Se- 
gesta. 

Macepracta, a town of Babylonia, on the 
Euphrates, L., abore Pirisabora. 

Macepracta (Maifarekin), a paved canal, 
communicating bet. the Euphrates and the 
Tigris, s. of Medius Murus. 



Macestus (Magestus) fl., a r. of Mysia, 
rising in Abbahas regio, and, after passing 
through Miletopolis palus, Hailing into 
Rhyndacus fl. below Lopadium. Mikalick, 

Maceta prom., a pr. of Arabia, n. of Asa- 
borum prom. 

Machelones, a people of Colchis, on the 
Euxine, at first towards Mseotis, and, sub- 
sequently, removed s. towards the Ma- 
crones. 

Macborbjs, a town of Arabia Felix, on Per- 
sicus sin., w. of Cuscan. Regamaj or 
Ramah Rums, 

Machlyes, a people of Africa, contiguoas 
to the Lotophagi. 

Maci, a people of Bactria, b^t. Caucasus 
Indicus and Oxus fl. Maka, 

Macistus m., a summit of Lepetymnus m. 

Macistus (Platanistus), a town of Triphylia 
in Ells, n.e. of Lepideeum. Built by the 
Caucones ; with a temple of Hercules Ma- 
dstius. Mofkitza, 

Macna, a town of the Nabathsei, in Arabia 
Petrsea, s.e. of iBlana. 

Macolium, a town of the Ivemi, Hibem., 
n.e. of luemis. Near Kilbeggan. 

Macomades, I. a town of Byzacene, on 
Syrtis Min., bet. Thunse (27) and Cella 
Picentina (26). A munidpium. II. sur- 
named Psyllorum, a town of the PsyUi, ia 
Africa Propria, on Syrtis Maj., bet. Eu- 
phranta and Sur. 

Macopsisa, a town of the iEchilenenses, 
Sardinia, bet. Gurulis Nova and Luquido. 

Macoraba, capital of the Macorits, Arab., 
N.E. of Zaaram Regia. Mecca, 

Macoritjs, a people of Arabia Felix, s. of 
the Salapeni. 

Macpha, a town of the Chatramotitfe, Arab., 
on Prion fl., n. of Abisama. 

MACRA'fl., I. a r. of Italy, rising in Balistam., 
and fallhig into Tyrrhenium mare at Luna. 
The boundary of Liguria and Etruria. 
Magra. II. ins., an isl. of Sarmatia 
Europ., on Cardnites sin. 

Macra Come, a town of the iBnianes, in 
Thessaly, n. of Sperchius fl., s. of Sperchise. 
Macresi. 

Macra Stoa, the emporium of Athens, at 
Piraeus. 

MACRi£ Pbtr^, rocks n.w. of the Acropolis 
of Athens, where was a grotto sacred to 
Apollo and Pan. 

Maori, I. a town of Mauritania Cnsar., bet 
Cellee and Zabi. II. the people occupying 
Maori Campi, in Italy. III. campi, the 
plain bet. Regium Lepidi and Sidmina 
and Papinius montes. A great cattle tair 
was held here every year. IV. ins., an 
isl. of Lyda, on Glaucus sin. Makri. 



MAC 



211 



M^P 



Maoris, ** long," I. the early name of Euboea 
ins., of Helena ins., of Icarus ins., of Aspis 
ins., of Chios. II. an isl. of Ionia, off 
Myonnesus prom. ; with warm springs. 

Macrobu, ''long livers," a people of iBthio- 
pia, on the s. coast of Mare Erythrseum, 
E. of the Avalitse. 

Macrocbphali, Colch., i. q. Macrones. 

Macrocremmi m., m. towards the n.w. 
coast of the Euxine. 

Macrones (Macrocephali, Colchi), a people 
of Pontus, on the coast, bet. the Mosynoed 
and the Bechires, and in the m. above 
Trapezus. They aftewards became iden- 
tifi^ with the Sauni. They were Col- 
chian immigrants, and practised circom- 
cision. 

Macronteichos, ''long wall," I. a wall ex- 
tending from Selymbria, in Thrace, to the 
Euxine ; built by Miltiades. II. the wall 
built across the isthmus of Chersonesus 
Thracia, by Dercyllidas, the Lacedaemo- 
nian. 

Macrop AGONES, a people of Sarmatia, to- 
wards the N.E. coast of the Euxine. 

Macrum prom., Siciliae, i. q. Plemm3rrium. 

Mactiadum, i. q. Mattium. 

Mactorium, a town of Sicily, n. of Gela. 
Mazzarino, 

Macynia (Macynium), a town of ^tolia, on 
the E. slope of Taphiassus m. 

Madai, the scriptural name of s. Media. 

Madain Sabath, a town of Babylonia, bet. 
Besuchis and Seleuda. 

Madasara, rectius Yadasara, a district of 
Arabia Felix, s. of Thumna. Wady Do- 
wager, 

Madassuma, a town of Byzacene, bet. Septi- 
municia and Nora. 

Madaura, the birth-place of Apuleius, in 
Numidia, i. q. Ad Medera. 

Madethvbadus m., a n.e. continuation of 
Atlas Maj. m., separating central Maori- 
tania from Grsetulia. 

Maj>ius fl., a r. of Pontus, towards Petra. 

Madgce, Arabise, i. q. Arabise Felids Em- 
porium. 

Madus, a town of the Cantii, Brit., above 
Dnrobrivae. Maidstone, 

Madttus, a town of Chersonesus Thracia, 
on the Hellespont, n. of Cynossema. 
Maito. 

MiBANDBR fl., a r. of Asia Min., rising in 
Aolocrene m., near Celsene, and, after 
separating Ionia and Lydia from Caria, 
feUing into Ionium mare below Miletus. 
Remarkable for the sinuosity of its course, 
and for its excessive deposits of mud. 

. Mendere, 



MiBANDRiA, a fortress of Chaonia. 

MiGANDRius campus, postea Msenomemu 
campus, the plain of the Maeander, on the 
R. bank of that river, towards its souioe. 
By Herodotus and Pliny stated to have 
been at first a bay of Ionium mare, reach- 
ing to Magnesia ad Mfeandrum. 

M^ANDRUS m., m. of India e. Gangem, on 
the E. coast of Gangeticus sin., and ex- 
tending N.E. to Bepurrus m. 

M^ATiE, a general name of the tribes bet. 
Hadriani Vallum and Severi Vallum. The 
predecessors of the Picts. 

MjscHiERUs, a dty of Ammonitis, towards 
the Dead sea. Destroyed by Gabinius; 
restored by Herod. The death-place of 
John the Baptist. 

M£Di (Maedobithyni), a people of Thraoe, 
bounded n. by the Dentheletse, s. by the 
Odomanti, w. by Strymon lacus, e. by the 
Bessi. 

ML£DiCA, the country of the Msedi, in Thraoe. 

MsNALiA regie, a plain of Arcadia, under 
Mseualus m. 

M^NALus, I. a town of Arcadia, near Mae- 
nalus m. ; with a temple of Minerva. The 
inhabitants removed to Megalopolis. II. 
m., a m. overlooking a cognominal plain, 
in Arcadia, n.e. of Megalopolis, 2 m. from 
Persethia. Sacred to Pan, who much fre- 
quented it. Boino. 

M^NARiA ins., I. an isl. of Balearis Maj., 
off Palma. II. of Etruria, near Urgo ins. 
Meloria, 

M^NiA Milesiorum, a wall bet. Buticos 
lacus and the sea, e. of Canopus. 

MLenoba fl., I. a r. of Bsetica, falling into 
the Mediterranean at Msenoba. Velez. 
II. (Maenaca), a town of the Turtuli, Bae- 
tica, at the mouth of Maenoba fl., bet. 
Malaca w. (12) and Cavidum e. Velez 
Malaga, 

Mjenosgada, a town of the Hermundori, 
Germ., near Maenus fl., R. 

M^ONES, probably a Phoenician people, the 
primitive colonizers of Maeonia or Lydia. 

M^ONiA, I. the early name of Lydia, from 
Manes, one of its kings. II. a tovm of 
Lydia, in Catacecaumene regie. 

Mmotm (Maeotid), a people of Sarmada, on 
the E. coast of Maeotis palus, to which 
they gave name. 

MsoTis palus, a bay of the Euxine, at its 
N.E. angle, approached by Cinmierius Bos- 
porus. Sea of Azof ; Asaow More, 

Mjspha, capital of the Maepharitae, Arabiae. 
Meqna, 

MiEPHARiT^, a people of Arabia Felix, N. 
of the Adrsunitae. In Tf ady Mayfah. 

P2 



M^R 



212 



MAG 



"Mjera, a village of Arcadia, n. of Mantinea. 
VLmraSi a portion of Argus campus, in 

Arcadia. 
HiESOLiA, I. a maritime district of India i. 

Gangem, about the mouth of Tyndis fl. 

Noted for its diamond-mines. II. a town 

of India i. Gangem, near the mouth of 

Mssolus fl., L. 
lilfisoLus fl., a r. of India, rising in Bettigus 

m., and falling into Indicum marc bet. 

Tyiina fl. and Tyndis fl. Krishnah. 
Maethath, a maritime town of Arabia Felix, 

w. of the mouth of Prion fl. 
lilsTONiUM, a town of Sarmatia, on or near 

the Euxine, towards Dada. Near Ha- 

liisch, 
Mag ABA m., poatea Modiacus, a m. of Gala- 

tia, bet. Ajicyra and Halys fl. 
Magalassus (Mogarissus), a town of Cap- 

padocia, on Halys fl., above Marandara. 
Magdala (Migdol), a town of Galilsea, on 

Tiberias lac. w., bet. Capernaum n. and 

Tiberias s. The birth-place of Mary Mag- 
dalene. 
Magdolum (Magdalum, Migdol), a town of 

Lower Egypt, s. of Pelusium (12). Eos 

el Moyeh, 
Magelli, I. a people under Alpes Cottiee, 

E. towards the Vibelli. Val de St. Martin. 

II. postea Macellum, Magedellum, their 

town. Magers, near Prali, 
Magetobriga, a town of the Sequani, 

Maxima Sequanorum, on Arar fl., n.w. of 

Visontio. Morgte de Broie. 
Magia, a town of Rheetia, 16 m. n. from 

Curia. Near Mayeinfeld, 
Magi, a town of the Brigantes, Brit., on 

Dunum fl., bet. Vinovium and Catarac- 

torium. 
Magiovintum, a town of the Catavellauni, 

Brit., bet. Lactodurum and Verolamium. 

Fenny Stratford. 
Magit^, a people of Arabia Felix, n. of the 

Salapeni. 
Maglona, a town of the Ordovices, Brit., 

on Stucia fl., L. 
Magna, I. a town of the Brigantes, Brit., on 

Hadriani mums, s. bet. JEsica and Am- 

boglanna. Carvoran. II. of the Silures, 

Brit., N.w. of Uriconium. Kentchester. 
Magna Gilecia, the name given to the 

maritime portion of S. Italy, from the 

number of Greek colonies established 

there. 
Magnana, a town of the Macrones, in 

Pontus, bet. Trapezus (20) and Giheninica 

(10). Machka. 
Magnata, capital of the Magnate, Hibem., 

N. of Regia. Castlebar, 



MAGNATiE, a people of Hibemia w., bet the 
Erdiui n. and the Autiri s. Mayo, 

Magnesia, I. the territory of Philoctetes and 
Eurypylus, in Thessaly, along the ^^ean, 
from Peneus fl. to Magnesias prom., and 
bounded inland by Ossa and Pelion m. 
II. a city of Lydia, near Msander fl., 
s.E. of Ephesus. Founded by a Magnesian 
colony from near Dotium, in Thessaly, 
that afterwards removed to the neighbour- 
ing village of Leucopluys. The territory, 
noted for its wine, flgs, and cucumbers, 
was assigned to Themistocles, who died 
here, to furnish his table with bread. 
Here was a temple of Dindymene (Cyb^e). 
Inek-Bazar. III. a town of Magnesia, in 
Thessaly, towards Methone. IV. a dty of 
Lydia, on Hermus fl., L., near Sipylus m. 
A colony of Magnesians, from Thessaly. 
Memorable for the defeat of Antiochus by 
the Scipios. Manissa. 

Magnesium prom., a headland of Thessaly, 
the s.E. extremity of Magnesia, s. of Sepias 
prom. Hagios Giorgios, 

Manetes, the people of Magnesia, in Thes- 
saly ; a primitive race. 

Magnopolis (Megalopolis), i. q. Eupatoria 
in Pontus. 

Magnum ostium, a mouth of the Ganges, 
bet. Cambys ost. and Chambericum ost. 

Magnum littus, the coast of Arabia Felix, 
on Erythraeum mare, bet. Abisama and 
Parvum littus. 

Magnum prom., I. the s.e. extremity of 
Aurea Chersones. Point Romania. II. of 
Mauritania Caesar., n.w., near Ad Fratres. 
Raa Houneine ; Cabo Hone. III. (Olisi- 
pense), of Lusitania, at the mouth, R., of 
the Tagus, n.w. of Olisipo. The western- 
most point of the peninsula. Cabo da 
Roca. 

Magnus portus, I. a haven of the Medit«r> 
ranean, in Bsetica, bet. Abdera and Chari- 
demi prom. Golfo de Almeria. U. a 
haven of the Atlantic, in Callseda, bet 
Artabrum prom, and Caranicum. III. a 
harbour of the Regni, n.e. of Vectis ins. 
Portsmouth Harbour. IV. (Cimaba) ain., 
a bay of Eous oceanus, at Aspijthra* 
Gulfo/Siam. 

Mago, I. a town of Balearis Minor, on HfB 
s.e. coast. Built by Mago. Port MaMon, 
II. fl., a r. of Prasiaca regie, Indiae, filing 
into the Ganges, L., above its junction 
with Diamuna fl. Ramgonga. 

Magon ins., an isl. of theColobi, in the Red 
sea, N. of Sabae. 

Magorum, I. portus, a dty of the Themi, 
Arabiae, on Magorum sin. Magas, II. 



MAG 



213 



MAL 



sin., a bay of Persicus sin., n. of Capeus 

sin. Bahr al Magas, 
Haqrada fl.y a r. of Tarraconensis, falling 

into Cantabricmn mare, e. of Aturia fl. 
Vidiiaoa, 
Magri, a town of Numidia, bet. Fons Pota- 

mianus and Rustid. 
If AGULABA, Arabis, i. q. Magnsa. 
Magur, a town of the Arvami, Ind., w. of 

Sabura. 
Magusa (Magulaba), a town of the Cas- 

sanitse, Arabise, under Cassanites m., n.e. 

of Tabala. Korn el MaghsaL 
Maguza (Thillada, Mirrhada?), a town of 

Mesopotamia, on the Euphrates, bet. Ga- 

labatha and Basilia. Makeain. 
Maotdus (Masythus, Mygdala), a maritime 

town of Pamphylia, e. of Attalia. 

Lduvra, 
Mahanaim (" hosts"), a town of Grad, on 

Jabbok fl., L., bet. Pniel and Succoth, 

where the two hosts of angels appeared in 

a vision to Jacob. It was the capital of 

Ishbosheth, and the retreat of David 

during the rebellion of Absalom. 
Mahatanzur, a town of Gsetulia, on Tri- 

tonis pains, bet. Thimesegiri turres and 

Puteus. 
Mais (Mophis) fl., a r. of India i. Grangem, 

falling into Barygazenus sin. Mahi, 
Maja ins., one of the Scopelites ins. of Cy- 

renaicse. 
Majorca, the larger of the Baleares Ins., 

Tarraconensis. Majorca, 
Majamas (Portus Gazeeus), the port of 

Gaza, Judsea, 6 m. from its metropolis. 

Enlarged by Constantius, and named by 

him Constantia. 
Ma J AS, a town of the Venosti, Rhset., on 

Athesis fl., L., bet. Teriolis and Prsesidium 

Tiberii. Merano, 
Majia, a town of the Rugusci, Rhset., on 

the Rhine, bet. Curia and Clunia. Meyen- 
feld? 
Marked AH, a royal city of the Canaanites, 

in Judah, 8 m. £. of Eleutheropolis. In 

the vicinity is a singular cavern, where the 

live kings hid from Joshua. 
Mala, a town of Colchis., on Phasis fl., R., 

above JEa, 
MalXca fl., I. a r. of Bstica, falling into 

tlie Mediterranean at Malaca. Guadal- 

medina, II. a town of the Turtetani, 

Bstica, bet. Sue! s. and Msenoba e., at 

tiie mouth, L., of Malaca fl. Malaga. 

III. Lucanite, i. q. Macala. 
Maljsa, a village of Arcadia, on the con- 
fines of Laconia, the inhabitants of which 

removed to Megalopolis. 



Malaci colon, prom., a pr. of Aurea Cher- 
sonesus, w., at the n. extremity of Peri- 
mulicus sin. 

Maljstas fl., a r. of Arcadia, near Methy- 
drium, falling into Gortynius fl. 

Malamantus fl., a r. of India, falling into 
the Cophen. 

Malana prom., I. a pr. of Gedrosia, on In- 
dicum mare, bet. Bagisara and CocaUk 
II. a port of the OritK, Gedrosia, at Ma- 
lana prom. Malan. 

Malanga, a maritime town of India i. Gan- 
gem, E., bet. Maliarpha and Tynna fl* 
Madras. 

MALANGiTiE, a people of Arabia Felix, bet. 
Zames m. and the Uadeni. Bent Lam. 

Malao, a town of the Macrobii, ^thiop.^ 
on Erythrseum mare, w. of Mundu. 
Barbara. 

Malatha, a town of Judsea, s. of Hebron. 

Malceca, a maritime town of the Celtic!, 
Lusitania, e. of Cetobriga. . 

Male, I. a district of India i. Gangem, w., 
towards Calliana. II. a town of Colchis, 
i. q. JEa. 

Malea m., I. m. of Taprobane, s. II. prom., 
the s.E. extremity of Laconia. Noted for . 
its dangerous navigation. C. Malio, or 
C. Sanf Angelo. III. the s.E. extremity 
of Lesbos ins. IV. a town of the Celtiberi, 
Tarraconensis, near the Iberus, above ^Elia 
castra. 

Ma LEAS ins., an isl. of Britain, off Longum 
sestuarium. Mull. 

Male AN A, a town of Mauritania Caesariensis, 
bet. Tigava castra and Suffasar (15). 

Malene, a village of ^olis Asiat., near 
Atameus. 

Maletum, a fortress of the Euganei, in 
Gall. Transp. Maleio. 

Maleum prom., a pr. of India, at Baryga^ 
zenus sin. 

Maleus m., I. m. of the Suari, Indise. 
II. ins., one of the Ebudse ins., Britan- 
nise. 

Maleventum, the early name of Bene- 
ventum. 

Mali (Malichse), a people of Arabia Felix, 
s. of Jathrippa. About Malai. 

Malia, I. a maritime town of Lesbos, on 
the E. coast, near Mitylene. II. the early 
capital of Maliensis, in Thessaly, of uncer- 
tain position. III. a town of Tarraco- 
nensis, near Numantia. IV. prom., the 
s. extremity of Lesbos ins. 

Maliacus (Meliacus, Melis, Lamiacus, 
^nianum) sin., a gulf of the JSgean, 
washing the coasts of Thessaly, Phocis, 
and Euboea. O. d Zeitoun. 



MAL 



214 



MAN 



Maliana, a town of Mauritania Csesar., on 

Chinali^h fl., R., above Tigava. 
Haliarpha, a maritime town of India i. 
Gangem, £., bet. Sabura and Malanga. 
Maliapur. 
Malichus ins., islands of Arabia Felix, on 
the Red sea, bet. Sacatia and Musa. 
Sokar. 

Haliensis (Meliensis), a district of Thes- 
8aly, on the borders of liocris, s. of 
Fhthiotis and Dolopia, e. of iEniania; 
the country of the Malienses ; the terri- 
tory of Protesilaus. 

Malissa, a town of Corsica, n.w. of Rubra. 

Mallaba, a town of the Themi, Arabia, on 
Persicus sin., s. of Chersonesus prom. 

HALLiBA, a town of Ferrhsebia, in Thessaly, 
bet. Mylse and Azorus, w. of Titaresius 
fl., whither Chiron the centaur withdrew 
when he was driven from Felion m. 

Malli (Mali), a people of India, on Hy- 
daspes il., towards its confluence with 

' Hydraotes fl. 

Mallorum metropolis, capital of the Malli, 
Indiae, on Hydraotes fl., above its junction 
with Hydaspes fl. It was at the siege of 
this place that Alexander so endangered 
his life. ^ Moultan. 

Mallus fl., I. a r. of Arcadia, falling into 
Alpheus fl. towards Phsdria. II. a town 
of Cilida Campestris, on Fyramus fl., near 
its mouth. Founded by the soothsayers 
Amphilochus and Mopsus. Malo, III. of 
Troas, bet. Palsescepsis and Troja. 

Malotha, a town of Arabia Felix, bet. Ser- 
rain and Nagara. Tabala. 

Malua (Mulva, Malvana) fl., a r. of Mau- 
ritania Caesar., falling into the sea e. of 
Mulucath fl. Mulul ? 

Malum, a town of Cyprus, near Citium. 
. Destroyed by Ptolemy. 

Mamala, a town of the Alilsei, on the Red 
sea, bet. Ambe (23 geog. m.) and Thebse. 
Haly, 

Mamertina, the early name of Messana, 
in Sicily. 

Mamertini, an early people of Sicily, 
about Messana. Named from the god 
Mamers. 

Mamertium, an Oscan town of Bruttium, 
. in Sila Silva, n.b. of Rhegium. Sacred to 
Mamers (Mars). Oppido. 

Mamma, Byzacene, i. q. Byzacium. 

Mammida, a town of Persia Prop., n.w. of 
Fasargada. 

Mamortha, the early name of Sichem. 

Hamfsarus m., m. of Numidia and Byza- 
cene, E. of Aurasius m. 

Mamre (Mambre, Ogyta ? Terebinthus ?) 



vallis, the plain of Hebron, wherein was 
the sacred grove called the oak of Mamre. 
The seat of superstitions whidi Constan- 
tine the Great abolished. Hebron itself 
appears to have been called Mamve. 

Mamuga (Mammisca), a town of Phoenicia, 
1 m. w. from Laodicea. 

Man a (Mandas) fl., a r. of India i. Gang^n, 
falling into Gangeticus sin. s.s. of Cal- 
lingum prom. Mahanuddy. 

Manaca, a town of Bsetica, bet. Carteja 
and Malaca. Extinct in Strabo's time. 

Manada fl., a r. of India, fedling into the 
sea, 6 geog. m. n. from Canagara. 

Man AM BIS regia, a town of Arabia Fdix, 
s. of Labeda. Ibu Main, 

Manange, a town of Byzacene, bet. Uzappa 
and Aggar. 

Manarmanis portus, a port of the Frisii, 
Germ., at the mouth, R., of Unsingis fl. 
Gronvngen ? 

Manasseh, a tribe of Israel, occupying dis- 
tricts on both sides the Jordan. The w. 
half-tribe was bounded n. by Asser at 
Jokniam, s. by Ephraim at Kana fl., w. 
by the Mediterranean, e. by Issachar at 
Thibez. The e. half-tribe was bounded 
N. by Coele-Syria, s. by Gad, s. of Argob, 
E. by Arabia Deserta, w. by the Jordan. 

Manchane, a town of Mesopotamia, on 
the Tigris, bet. Csense and Gibrata. 

Mancunium, a town of the SentMitii, 
Brit., bet. Coocium and Condate. Mem- 
cheater. 

Mandaeth, a town of the AduUtse, on the 
Red sea, s. of Antiochi Solen. 

Mandagarsi, a port of the Mardi, Med., 
on the Caspian, w. of Charinda fl. 

Mandagora, a town of Limyrica, Ind.,. 
s.E. of Aramagara. Bassain, 

Mandal^, a people of India i. Gangem, on 
the Ganges, towards its mouth. 

Mandane, Cilicia, i. q. Myanda. 

MANDARiE, a tribe of Emathians, in Mace- 
donia, about Cyrius. 

Mandas fl., Indiae, i. q. Mana. 

Mandela, a village of Sabinium, on I^- 
gentia fl. The locality of Horace's Sabine 
farm. Bardela, 

Mandobriga, a town of the Celtici, Lusi- 
tania, bet. NorbaCsesarea, n.e., and Medo- . 
briga. 

Mandrahippi ("stall"), a town of Abret- 
tene, in Mysia, on Lycus fl. Here 
Paris was nursed. Mandrakora, 

Mandrueni, a people of Bactriana, near 
the Oxus. 

Mandrum, cs^ital of the Maadmeni Bac- 
triana. 



MAN 



216 



IVfAB 



Mandrupnum (Mandropolis)y a town of 

Piffldia, near Caralitis lac. 
I^Iandrus m., a southern ridge of Atlas m. 

in Western Libya. 
Makdubii, a people of Lugdimensis I., s. 

of the Vadicassesy w. of the lingones. 

In Atupois. 
Manduessedum, a town of the Comavii, 

Brit. Rom.y s.e. of Etocetmn. Man- 

cetter, 
Manduria, a town of the Salentini, in 

Japygia, bet. Neretum (29) and Tarentum 

(24). The death-place of Archidamus of 

Spcurta. Near it was a singular well, the 

water of which always retained the same 

level, whatever quantity was added to or 

taken from it. Mandura. 
Manegordium, a town of the Tectosages, 

in Galatia, bet. Minizus (28) and Ancjrra 

(24). 
Manesium, a town of Phrygia. 
Hangarud. Vide Melinda. 
Manui ("mad''), a place in Arcadia, s. of 

Megalopolis, where Orestes' madness first 

displayed itself. 
Manicelum, a town of the Langenses, 

ligoria. Manicelo. 
Manii, a tribe of DalmatK, in lUyria. 
Manimi, a tribe of Lygii, Germania. 
MANiOLiE ins., isl. of India e. Gangem, w. 

of Agatibo Deemon ins. Tlie Philippines, 
MANrrjB, a people of Arabia Felix, s. of the 

Sali^eni, e. of Jathrippa. Bent Mezeyne. 
Manliana (Manilia), a maritime town of 

Etroria, on Via Aurelia, bet. Salebro (9) 

and Aquffi Populonise (9). Pienza, 
Manlianus saltus, a forest of the Lobetani, 

Tarraconensis, under Idubeda m., s.w. 
Mamnaritium, a town of Germania I., 15 m. 

from Trajectum. Maurik. 
Manoris, a town of Bithynia, 20 m. e. from 

Claudiopohs. 
Mansa, a town of Narbonensis, near the 

mouth of the Rhone. Massillargues. 
Mantala, a town of the Centrones, Alpes 

Penninse, on Isara fl., R., bet. Lemincum 

and Ad Publicanos. 
Mantelus, a town of Phrygia. 
Manthurea, a village of Arcadia, near 

Tegea. 
Manthuricus campus, the district about 

Manthurea, in Arouiia. 
Mamtiana pains, i. q. Arsissa. 
Mantinea, capital of Arcadia, on Ophis fl., 

at the foot of Artemisius m., w. of Argos. 

Fbunded by Mantineus, m>n of Lycaon. 

Celebrated for the death-battle of Epami- 

nondasr 363 b.c. The name of Mantinea 

was changed to that of Antigonea by An- 

tigonus Doson, but restored by Hadrian. 



At Mantinea were the statues of Juno, 
Minerva, and Hebe, by Praxiteles; the 
tomb of Areas, and the temple of Anti- 
nous, favourite of Hadrian, in whose 
honour annual games were celebrated. 
Goritza. 

Mantinium, a town of Paphlagonia. 

Mantinorum oppid., a maritime town of 
Corsica, e., bet. Clunium and Mariana. 
Bastia, 

Mantitur, a town of Pandionis reg., Ind., 
N.E. of Bambala. 

Mantrei, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica. 

Mantua, I. a dty of the Carpetani, Tarraco- 
nensis, near the Tagus, s.w. of Complu- 
tum. Mondejar, II. of Gallia Transpad., 
on an isl. of Mindus fl.,bet. Bedriacum and 
Verona, on Via Posthumia. In the time 
of the Etruscans, the capital of Etruisa 
Transpadana. Named from Manto, daugh- 
ter of Tlresias, or from Mantus, the Etrus- 
can Pluto. Its territory was distributed 
by Augustus among his veterans. Man^ 
tova; Mantua, 

Manurrhoa, a town of Cyrrhestica, on the 
Euphrates, bet. S^rrhae and Ceciliana. 

Maocosmos (Meliopolis, Maoscopus, Nas- 
cus, Jaio), a town of Arabia Felix, s. of 
Mariaba. Jemama, 

Maogamalcha (Besuchis), a town of Mes- 
sene, Babyl., w. of Ctesiphon (12). 

Maon, a town of Judah, bet. Carmel, n.n.w. 
and Arad s. 

MAPHARiTiE, I. a people of Arabia Felix, 
towards Arabicus sin., w, of Musa. II. a 
tribe of Homeritse, Arabiae, towards Cane 
emporium. About Wady Mayfah, 

Mappura, a town of Msesolia, Indise, n. of 
Calliga. 

Maps A (Mibsa), a town of Arabia Petrca, 
on the borders of Palestine. The seat of 
the descendants of Mibsam. 

Marabina, a town of Cyrenaica, s.e. of 
Drepanum prom. 

MARAsrus fl., a r. falling into Mseotis palus, 
S.E. of Paniardis. 

Maracanda, capital of Sogdiana, on Poly- 
timetus fl., L., n. of Alexandria Oxiana. 
Samarcand, 

Maracodra, a town of the Orsipi, Bac- 
triana, s.w. of Alexandria. 

Maracca, a town of Phoenicia, 16 m. N. 
from Antaradus. Merakieh, 

Maraliani, a people of Sogdiana. 

Marandara, a town of Morimene, Cap- 
padoda, on Halys fl., bet. Armaxa (28) 
and Scanatus (38). 

Maranit^, a people of Arabia, on ^At 
nites sin., w. The progenitors of a tribe 
of the same name, called also Anarits, 



MAR 



216 



MAR 



EpimaraniUe, and Ramanitse, on Persicus 

sin., bet. Canis fl. and Asaborum prom. 
Maranthis, a town of Cyrenaica, s.s. of 

Cocynthion. 
Mar ARM ANUS aestuar., the mouth of Yia- 

drus fl. 
Marasia, a town of Cilida. Maraah, 
Marata (Marah), a town of the Themi, 

Arabise, onder Zames m., n.w. Ramah, 
Maratha, a village of Arcadia, bet. Bupha- 

gium and Grortys. 
Marathb ins., an isl. on the s.e. coast of 

Zacynthus ins. Marathonisi. 
Marathesium, a town of Ionia, bet. 

Ephesus and Magnesia. 
Marathon, a demus of Attica, of the tribe 

Leontis, on the ^gean, 20 m. n.e. of 

Athens. Famous for the victory of the 

Athenians over the Persians 490 B.C., and 

for the Marathonian bull slain by Perseus. 

Marathona, 
Marathus, I. Phcenidae, i. q. Arvad. II. 

a town of Phods, on the coast bet. Me- 

deon and Bulis. Metochi. 
Marathusa, a town of Crete. 
Marathussa ins., an isl. of Ionia, in Her- 

mius sin., opposite Clazomense. 
MARAZANiE, a town of Byzacene, bet. Aqua 

Regia (15) and Sufes (28). 
Marcada (Carmada), a town of Melitene, 

in Cappadocia. 
Marc^um m., a k. ridge of Ida m., e. of 

Abydos. 
Marci, a port of the Morini, n.e. of Portus 

Superior. 
Margia, a town of the Turtetani, Beetica, 

bet. Hiempa n.w. and Urso s.e. A colonia. 
Marciana (Eremus Helvetiae) silva, a por- 
tion of Hercynia silva, Germ., bet. the 

Rhine and the sources of the Danube. 

Schwartzwald. 
Marcianopolis, I. a town of Caria. II. of 

the Crobyzi, Moes., bet. Palmata and Pan. 

nisus, w. of Odessus. Named from Trajan's 

sister. Eski Stamboul; Prithlara ; Mar^ 

cenopoli, 
Marciliana, a town of Lucania, on Silanus 

fl., bet. Calor fl. and Csesariana (14), on 

Via Aquilia. Sala, 
Marcina, a Tyrrhenian town of the Picen- 

tini, Campania, on Psestanus sin., w. of 

Salemum. Vietri, 
Marcodava, a town of the Burideenses, 

Dae., on Marisus fl., L., bet. Salinum (12) 

and Bruda (12). Mirizlo, 
Marcodurum, a town of the Ubii, Ger- 

mania II., n.w. of Tolbiacum. Duren. 
Marcomagus, a town of the Ubii, Grer- 

mania II., bet. Tolbiacum and loorigium. 

Marimagen. 



Marcomanni, "men of tiie marches or 
confines," a people of Germania Mag., 
who flying, under their king Marobo- 
dunus, from the Romans, from about tiie 
springs of the Danube, expelled the Boii 
from Bojohemum, and occupied that 
country. 

Mardi, I. a people of Armenia Maj., on the 
E. shore of Arsissalac., N.,of Caspius m. 
Mardisian, II. of Persis Prop., s. of the 
Messabatse. 

Mardula fl., a r. of Pontus, towards 
Athenae. 

Mardus fl., i. q. Amardus. 

Mardyeni, a people of Sogdiana, k. of 
Sogdii m., on the confines of Bactria. 

Mareia, I. palus, i. q. Mareotis. II. (Ptt- 
laemareia), a town of Lower Egypt, on 
Mareotis (Mareia) lac., s. bet. Taposiris 
and Apis. 

Mare Mortuum, Palesfinse, i. q. Asphaltites 
lacus. 

Mareonis, a town of the Suardones, Germ., 
on Codsmus sin., at the mouth, L., of 
Treva fl., w. of Laciburgium. 

Mareotis (Mareia, Arapotes) lac., a lake of 
Lower Eg3rpt. at Alexandria s., in breadth 
150 stad., in length 300. It communicated 
by numerous cuts with the Nile. The 
Alexandrians had a port on it richer than 
their port on the Mediterranean. The 
adjacent district was noted for its wine. 

Mares, a tribe of Mosynoed, in Pontus. 

Marbsnah, a town of Judah, Judaea, 2 m. 
8. from Eleutheropolis. Fortified by Re- 
hoboam ; restored by Grabinius. The resi- 
dence of the prophet Micah. 

Mareura, a town of Argentea regio, Indi«, 
on Dorius fl., R., s.e. of Berabonna. 

MAR6i£A, Elid, i. q. Margana. 

Margala (Margahe, Elid), i. q. Margana. 

Margana, (Margsea, Margate, Margala), 
I. a town of Pisatis, in Elis, on Aipheus fl., ' 
R., E. of Olympia. II. a port of Tapro- 
bane, w. bet. Anarismundi prom, and ' 
Modulla. 

Margasi, a people of Atropatene, Med., 
N.W., on the s. shore of Spauta lac. 

Margastana ins., an isl. of Persis, over 
against the mouth of Cataderbis fl. 

Margiana, a country of Asia, bounded K^ 
by Sogdiana at Oxus fl., s. by Aria and 
Parthia at Sariphi m. and Mosdoranus m., 
w. by Hyrcania at Labuta m., e. by Bao 
triana w. of Zariaspes fl. Noted for ifei 
grapes. A portion of Khorasang Mar^ 
ghush, 

Margiane, a district of Media-Afeopatene, 
on its w. border. 

Margidunum, a town of the Coritani, Brit, 



MAR 



217 



MAR 



bet. Ad Pontem and Verometum (13). 
Near Bridgeford. 
Mabgium, ti^e early name of ApoUonia in 
Phrygia Magna. 

Margasus (Magarsa, Malchos), a town of 
Cilicia, near the mouth of Pyramus fl. 

Marcus fl., I. a r. of Margiana, rising in Paro- 
pamisus m., w. of Maracodra, and falling 
into Oxus fl. N.w. of Alexandria Marg. 
Murghab ; Meru-rud, II. of Moesia 
Sup., rising in Scordus m. s.w. of Ul- 
piana, and falling into the Danube at 
Margus. Morawa, III. a town of the 
Triballi, Mces., on the Danube, at the 
mouth, L., of Margus fl., bet. Aureus 
mons and Viminadum. The locality of 
the defeat of Carinus by Diocletian. 
Pobritzar, 

Mariaba, *' metropolis," a town of the 
Colingsei, Arabise, bet. Zames m. and 
Muranimal. Mareb, 

Mariaba (Baramalcum, Maruba, Baraba, 
Taraba), a town of the Sabaei, Arabis, e. 
of Tamacus. Taraba, 

Mariama, Arabiae, i. q. Mariaba. 

Mariamne, I. a town of Phoenicia, w. of 
Emesa. Chesn al Akrad. II. of Syria, 
near Damascus. 

Mariana, a city of Corsica e., at the mouth 
of Tavola fl., bet. Mantinorum oppid. and 
Ara Tutelae. A colonia of Marius. At 
Stagno di ^iguglia. 

Martanum, I. a town of the Oretani, Tarra- 
conensis, n.e. of Oretum. II. prom., a 
pr. of Corsica, s.w. below Pitanus fl. Capo 
di Casa Barbarica. 

Marianus (Montes Ariani) m., m. of Spain, 
separating Beeturia n. from Bsetica 3. 
Sierra Morena, II. (Ariorum), of Baetica 
and Tarraconensis, parallel with the Baetis 
N. Sierra Morena. III. a town of Cor- 
sica, s.w. at Marianum prom. 

Marioi, a people of Idguria, contiguous to 
the Lsevi. About Marengo. 

Maride, a town of Mesopotamia, 5 geog. m. 
N.w. from Nisibis. Mardin. 

MaRiounium (Dunium), a town of the 
Durotriges, Brit., bet. Isca Damnoniorum 
and Dumovaria. 

Maridunum, a town of the Demetae, on 
Tobius fl., R., towards its mouth. Ca^r^ 
fnorthcti* 

Marimatha (Marmetha), a port of Smymo- 
phoros regio, Arabiae, e. of Ausara. Mer- 
bait or Morebat. 

Marikiana, a town of Pannonia Inf., on 
Dravus fl., R., bet. Serota (20) and Vereae 
(20)^ Near Szara. 

Harinian^, Norici, i. q. Stanacum. 

Mariokis, a maritime town of the Saxones, | 



Germ., on Albis fl., R., near its mouth. 
Hamburg, 
Marios, I. fl., a r. of Laconia, rising near 
Glympes, and falling into Laconicus sin. at 
Acriae. II. a town of the Eleuthero-Laoones, 
in Laconia, on the cognominal r., 12 m. 
above Geronthrae. With a temple of Diana 

and of all the gods. Marios, 
Maris (Marisus) fl., a r. of Dacia, rising in 

Carpathus m. n. of the source of Aluta fl., 

and falling into Tibiscus fl. by two mouths 

s. of Ziridava. Marosch, 
Marithi m., m. of Arabia Felix, towards 

Persicus sin., w. of Gerrha. Mountains 

of Yemama. 
Maritima ins., Sidliae, i. q. Hiera. 
^Iarium, the early name of Arsinoe, Cyprus. 
Marmarensium rupis, a fortress of Lyda, 

near CUmax. 
Marmarica (Marmarida),a region of Africa, 

bounded n. by the Mediterranean, s. by 

Libya, e. by Egypt, w. by Cyrenaica at 

Chersonesus Magna. 
Marmarium, the marble quarries of Carys- 

tus, in Eubcea, on the w. coast, under 

Oche m., nearly opposite Halae Araphe- 

nides. Here was a temple of Apollo Mar- 

marius. 
Marmatha, Arabiae, i. q. Marimatha. 
Maro m., m. of Sicily, a w. continuation of 

Heraei m. 
Marobudum, a town of the Marcomanni, 

Germ., e. of Monosgada. Named from 

king Marobodus. Budweis, 
Maroh^, a people of India i. Gangera, about 

the source of Nagaruris fl. 
Maronea, prius Ortaguera, a maritime 

town of the Cicones, Thrace, w. of Isma- 

rium prom. A Greek city, founded by 

Chians, or, according to fable, by Maro, a 

follower of Bacchus. So noted as a depot 

of the fine wines grown in its vicinity, that 

it was humorously called the tavern. 

Marogna, 
Maroneia, a village of Attica, on Lau- 

rium m, 
Maronia, T. a town of the Pentri, Sam- 

nium, on Trinius fl., R., below Treventum. 

Campo Marano, II. of Syria, towards 

Palmyra. 
Maroscus m., a summit of Olympus, Bi- 

thynia, s.e. of Nicomedia. 
Maroza (Masora), a town of Sargarausene, 

Cappadocia. 
Marpessa m., a m. of Pares, in which were 

the famous marble quarries. 
Marrubium, capital of the Marsi, Italy, on 

Fucinus lac. E., bet. Alba Fucentia (13) 

and Cerfennia (7), on Via Valeria. San 

Benedetto, 



MAR 



218 



MAS 



Marruvium, a Pelasgic town of Sabinium, 

N. of Reate. Morro Vecchio. 
Majlrhasium, a town of Persis Ptop., near 

Persepolis n.e. 
Marriche, a town of Parthia-Nissea, s. of 

Parbara. 
Marructni, a tribe of Marsi, on Atemus fl., 

R., bet. the Peligni w., the Adriatic £., 

the Vestini n., and the Frentani 8. 
Marsacii, a tribe of Frisii, on the Rhine. 
Marsara, a town of Armenia Minor. 
Marsi, I. a tribe of Isteevones, Germ. bet. 

the Chasuarii n., the Bructeri Maj., at 

Amisia fi. w. and s., and the Cherusci e. 

II. a tribe of Sabines, bet. Sabinium 
Proper and the Peligni. Bounded n. by 
Picenum And s. by I^tium. Solinus calls 
them descendants of Marsyas, a Phrygian; 
Pliny says they derived from Marsus, son 
of Circe, and were enchanters, having 
power over serpents. They are historically 
famous as the leaders in the Marsic war 
against Rome. 

Marsigni, a tribe of Lygii, Germ., under 

Asdburgius m., bet. the Silingi and the 

Visburgii. 
Marsilla, Papblagonia, i. q. Callistratia. 
Marsingi, a tribe of Chatti, Germ., on 

Vis'irgis fl., L., towards its source. 
Marsgnium, a town of Pannonia Inferior, 

on Savus fl., 30 m. from Siscia. Jesse ' 

noviz. 
Mars Y ABA (Sabia), capital of the Rhamani- 

tse-Sabsei, Arabiae, s. of Manambis regia. 

Sabe. 
Marsyas fl., I. a r. of Caria, rising towards 

Stratonicea and falling into Mseander fl. 

China. II. of Phrygia, i. q. Catarrhactes. 

III. of Syria, falling into the Orontes to- 
wards Apamea. IV. of Syria, falling into 
the Euphrates. V. a name of the portion 
of Phoenicia from the coast about Tripolis 
inland towards Palmyra and libanus. 

Marta fl., a r. of Etruria, falling into 

Tyrrhenium mare bet. Centumcellee (10) 

and Forum Aurelii (14). Marta. 
Mart^, a town of S3rrtica Reg., bet. Tacape 

and Asas Lupeici. 
Martanum, a town of Etruria, at the mouth 

of Marta fl., bet. Graviscse (3) and Quin- 

tiana (3), on Via Aurelia. Bocca di 

Marta. 
Marteni, a people of Arabia Felix, s.e. 
Marthyla, a town of the Bizeres, Pontus, 

at the mouth of Pyxites fl., 1 1 m. n.e. 

from Limne. 
Martialis, a town of the Arvemi, Aqui- 

tania I., near Augusta Nemetum, n.w. 
Marti ANi m., an£.s.E. ridge of Caspius m., 

in Media, n. 



Martianus palus, a salt lake of Media, 

under Martianus m. C/rmi. 
Martilus sinus, a bay of the ^Egean, in 

Crete, bet. Psacum prom, and Corycum 

prom. G. di Kisamo. 
)Martiu8 collis, a m. of the Latini, Latium, 

5 m. from Lanuvium. The locality of the 

defeat of the Volsd by Camillus. CoUe 

Marzo. 
Martyropolis, I. a town of Cilida, in Cap- 

padocia, towards Ceesarea Mazaca. II. of 

Sophanene, Mesopotamia, on Nymphins 

fl., 30 m. N.E. from Amida. Fortified by 

Justinian. Meia Farekin, 
Marubius fl., a r. of Sarmatia As., fidling 

into Palus Mseotis below Tanais. 
Maruca, a town of Sogdiana, s.w. of 

Oxiana. 
Marund^, I. a people of Atropatene, Media, 

occupying its w. angle, under Caspius m. 

II. of India e. Gangem, bet. the Ganges 

and OEdanes fl. 
Marus (Morus) fl., a r. of the Quadi, 

Germ., rising in Asciburgius m. and Mling 

into the Danube at Andusetium. 3fa- 

rowa. 
Marusius, a town of the Taulantii, lUyria, 

on the EgnatiaVia, bet. Apsus fl. (14) and 

Clodiana (13). 
Maryandini, a tribe of Bithynians, on the 

coast, E. of the Th]^, from whom they 

were separated by Sangarius fl. Reduced 

to slavery by the colonizers of Herad^ 
Marynj£i, a people of Bactriana, s. of the 

Tambyzi. 
Mas AD A, a fortress of Judaea, on the Dead 

sea, s. of Engaddi. Built by Jonathan . 

Maccabseus ; strengthened by Herod. 

Sebbeh. 
MASiEi (Masani), a people of Mesopotamia, 

towards the borders of Arabia. The de- 
scendants of Massa. 
Mas^manes, a people of Arabia Felix, im« 

mediately n. of Zames m. The descendants 

of Masma, fifth son of Ishmael. Bad 

Shaman. 
Masani, Arabiae, vide Maseei. 
Masatica, a town of the Heniochi, Sarmat, 

on the Euxine, bet. Achseus fl. and Ness. 
Masca fl., a r. of Mesopotamia s., &Uing . 

into the Euphrates, R., opposite Mat- 

rhan. 
Masciacum, a town of the Grenauni, RhKt, 

on iEnus fl., R., bet. Veldidena (38) and 

Pons -^ni (26). Gemund, 
MASCLiANiB, a town of the Potulateiues, 

Daciee, bet. Graganse (11) and Tlvisemn 

(14). Near Kirpa. 
Mascula, a town of Numidia, bet. Vegeseb 

and Claudis. 



MAS 



219 



MAT 



Masdorani, a people of Margiana, on the 

borders of Aria. 
Masetholus il., a r. of Libya, falling into 

the Atlantic s.s.s. of Hesperium prom. 

Gambia. 
Masicttes m.y m. of Asia Minor, separating 

Lyda from Pamphylia and Pisidia. 
Masius m., m. of Asia, separating Armenia 

Maj.N. from Mesopotamia s. Karadjidagh. 
Masora (Basora), a port of Arabia Felix, 

near Corodamum prom. s.w. MizL 
Masrbh, a town of Nabatene, s.s.e. of 

Joktheel. 
Mass A (Masasat), il., I. a r. of Libya, 

foiling into the Atlantic s. of Soloentium 

prom. II. Veternensis, a town of 

Etroria, n.e. of Vetulonia, raised on the 

rains of Vetema. The birth-place of 

Constantine's nephew, Gallus. Maasa. 
Massabatice, a district of Elymais, Su- 

sianae. 
Massjbi, a people of Scythia i. Imanm. 
Massaga (Massaca), a town of India, near 

Gursens fl. 
Massaget^e, a Scythian tribe in Sogdiana, 

on Oxus fl., e. of the Chorasmii. 
Mass ALIA, I. (Messapus) fl., a r. of Crete, 

rising near Lampe and f^ng into the 

Libycnm mare w. of Psychium. Meglia, 

II. a town of the Ananes, Lignria, on 

Trebia fl. towards Placentia. Marsaglia. 
Massava, a town of the Senones, Lugdu- 

nensis IV., on the Liger, bet. Condate uid 

Noviodunum. 
Massia (Maxilua), a town of the Celtici, 

Lnsitania, s.w. of Paz Julia. 
Massice, Mesopotamise, i. q. Fissenia. 
Massicus m., a ridge of hills separating 

Campania from Latium, extending, in 

length 10m., in breadth 3, bet. Sinuessa 

and Suessa Aurunconun. Celebrated for 

its wines. 
Massicttes m., m. of Lyda, on the coast 

above Gagee. 
Massicytus, a town of Lyda, on Massicytes 

m. 
Massiena, the earlier name of Carthago 

Nova, Tarraconensifi. 
Massibnus sin., a bay of the Mediterranean, 
. in Tarraconensis, bet. Charidemi prom. 

8.W. and Massiena (Carthago Nova) n.e. 

Bay of Carthagena, 
Massilia, capitfd of the Salyes, Narbonen- 

sis, on the coast bet. Solarium and Portus 

Zoo. Built upon a peninsula by the Pho- 

cmaxa, 600 b.c. The death-place of Maxi- 

miniao. Noted for its literature. Mar- 

teilles, 
MassonituB, a people of Arabia Felix, to- 

wards the Maphoritse. 



Mastaura, a town of Lydia, on Chrysor- 

rhoas fl., e. of Nysa. Maatauro. 
Masthala, a town of Arabia Felix, e. of 

Sata. Mascalat, 
Mastiani, a people of Tarraconensis, con- 
tiguous to the Olcades. 
Mastromela, i. q. Astromela. 
Mastusia m., a m. of Lydia, e. of Smyrna, 

bet. Temnus m. and Draco m. Tartali. 
Mastusium prom., the s. extremity of Cher- 

sonesus Thrada, below Elseus. C. Greco. 
Mastya, a town of Paphlagonia. A Mi-. 

lesian colony. 
Masuma (Masma), capital of the Masse- 

manes, Arabise. Sumama. 
Masura, a maritime town of Pamphylia, 9 

m. e. f^om Magydus. 
Matasarum, a town of the Celtid, Lusita-. 

nia, bet. Sep tern Arse w.n.w. and Augusta 

Emerita s.e. 
Matastana, a town of Araxene, Armen., 

8. of Artaxata. MaJeu. 
Matavonium, a town of the Sueltri, Nar- 

bonensis, on Argenteus fl., L., bet. Forum 

Voconii and Ad Turres. 
Mateta, a maritime town of the Conapseni, 

Sarmat., s. of Gerusa. 
Mateni, a people of Scythia, on the Rha, 

above Nesiotis regio. 
Mateola, a town of Japygia, s. of Silvium. 

Matera. 
Maternum, I. a town of Etmria, on Via 

Claudia, bet. Tuscana (17) and Satumia 

(18). Fameae. II. of the Euganei, Gallia 

Transpad., on Benacus lac. Matemo. 
Mathis fl., a r. of Illyria, rising in the 

m. w. of Drilon fl. and falling into the 

Adriatic below Bassania. Matt. 
Matilica, a town of Umbria, at the source 

of ^sis fl. Matilica. 
Matinus m., a pr. of Daunia Apul., n.e. of 

Sipontum. Noted for its honey. Monte 

Matinata. 
Matinum, a town of Daunia Apul., at 

Matinum prom. The burial-place of Ar- 

chytas of Tarentum. Matinata. 
Matisco, a town of the ^dui, Lugdunensis 

I., on the Arar, bet. Tinurtio and Luna. 

Macon. 
MATiiiM, I. a town of Colchis, s. II. of 

Crete, on the n. coast, e. of Apollonia. 
Matreium, a town of the Breuni,' Rhsetia, 

bet. Veldidena (18) and Vipitenum (20). 

Matray. 
Matrinum, the port of Hadria Picen., at 

the mouth of Matrinus fl. Forto d^Atri. 
Matrinus fl., a r. of Picenum, falling into 

the sea s.e. of Hadria. Fiomba. 
Matron A m., I. i. q. Alpes Cottiae. IL . 

fl., a r. of Gaul, rising towards Andema- 



MAT 



220 



MED 



tunum and falling into the Sequana above 
Lutetia. Mame, 

Mattecoka, a people of India e. Gangem, 
about the head of Barygazinus sin. 

Matthana, a town of Palmyrene, bet. Pal- 
myra N.E. and Circesiom. 

Mattiaci, a tribe of Chatti, Grerm., on 
Msenns fl., e. of the Vispii. They were 
the allies of Rome, and their territory was 
fortified with citadels and a vaUum, erected 
by Dnisus. 

Mattium (Mattiacum, Mactiadum), capital 
of the Mattiad, Germ. Baden, 

Matucagum, a town of the Taurisci, Nori- 
cum, bet. Noriga and Virunum (14). Ho- 
hetifeld. 

Matylus, i. q. Magydus. 

Mauri (Mauresii), the people of Mauri- 
tania. 

Mauritania, I. a country of Africa, ex- 
tending from the Atlantic to Numidia, at 
Ampsaga fl. Bounded n. by the Mediter- 
ranean and s. by Libya, at Atlas Major. 
Morocco and Fez, II. C^sariensis, the 
E. division of Mauritania, as settled by 
Claudius, separated from Mauritania Tin- 
gitana by Mulucha fl. So named from its 
capital, Csesarea. Vide Numidia. III. 
SiTiFENSis, a division, in the Lower Age, 
of Mauritania Ceesariensis. The country 
about Sitifis. IV. Tingitana, the w. di- 
Tision of Mauritania, as settled by Claudius, 
separated from Mauritania Ceesariensis by 
Mulucha fl. So named from its capital, 
Tingis. 

Maurusia, the Greek form of Mauritania. 

Mausoca, a town of Hyrcania, e. of Zadra- 
carta. 

Mausus, a town of Corinthia, s.w. of 
Chersonesus prom., towards Tenea. MeV" 
tese, 

Maxera fl., a r. of Hyrcania, rising in Co- 
ronus m. and falling into the Caspian 
below Zadracarta. Eskar ; Korkan. 

Maxima Cjssariensis, I. a province of 
Britain, extending across the island, bet. 
Alanus fl. and Ituna eestuar. n. and Abus 
• fl. and Belisatna sestuar s. II. Seuuano- 
RUM, a district of Gaul, bet. the Rhine e., 
the Arar w., Germania I. n., and Oallia 
Cisalpina s. Franche Comt4 ; W, Switz- 
erland : S. Alsace. 

Maximianopolis (Porsulae), I. a maritime 
town of the Cicones, Thrace, on the Eg- 
natia Via, bet. Dicsea (12) and Brendice 
(10). Mycena Kalis, II. of Egypt, near 
Coptos. III. Galileeee, i. q. Hadadrim- 
mon. IV. a town of Pamphylia. 

Maxitani, a people of Numidia, towards 
Carthage. 



Maxula, a town of Zeugitana, \\ m. from 
Tunes. Rhodes. 

Maxyes, a people on the coast of Syrtis 
Minor. 

Mazaca, I. a town of Elegosine, Armen., 
s.w. of Arsamosata. II. (Csesarea, Euse- 
bia, Metropolis), of Cappadocia, under Ar- 
gseus m., 28 m. s.w. from Armaxa, near 
the source of Melas fl. Founded by Me- 
sech, son of Japhet, or by Mosoch, a Cap- 
padocian chief. Kaisirieh, 

Mazaca, a people of Sarmatia Asiatica. 

MAZi£UM, a village of Bith3mia. 

Mazes, a town of Argolis, on Argolicus sin., 
s. of Didymus. The haven of Hermione. 
Bisati, 

Mazices, a people of Mauritania Ceesarien- 
sis, under Waneseris m. 

Maziniaman, a town of Media Magna, n.e. 
of Ecbatana. 

MazzAra, a port of Sicily, s.w. at the mouth 
of Mazzams fl. Mazzara, 

Mazzarus fl., a r. of Sicily, falling into 
the sea bet. Lilybseum and Selinus. IKume 
di Mazzara. 

Meadia, a town of Dacia, 10 m. n. from 
Tiema. 

Mearah, a cavern bet. Sarepta and Sidon. 

Mearus fl., a r. of Tarraconensis, falling 
into Magnus portus at Flavia Brigantium. 
Mero. 

Mechlessus, a town of Colchis, on the 
confines of Sarmatia, towards the source of 
Surius fl. 

Mecira, a maritime town of Marmarica, bet. 
Paliurus and Gonia. 

Mecissa fl., a sacred stream of Bruttium, 
falling into Metaurus fl. e. of Portus Ores- 
tis, q. V. 

Medaba (Medba), a town of Reuben, in 
Ammonitis, s.e. of Hesbon. Madaba, 

Medeon, I. a town of Acamania, n.w. of 
Phytia, near the coast. Medenico. II. 
sutmamed Phocnicis, of Boeotia, at the foot 
of Phcenicius m., e. of Haliartns. Megaio 
Mulchi. III. of the Labeates, Illyria, on 
Barbana fl., bet. Berziminum and Alata. 
Medani. IV. of Phocis, on the coast bet 
Anticyra and Marathus. Destroyed in the 
sacred war. Palaso Castro. 

Mederiacum, a town of the Ubii, Ger- 
mania II., bet. Mediolanum and Tendu- 
rum. 

Media, I. a country of Asia, bounded N. by 
Armenia, at Cyrus fl., s. by Susiana, «t 
Carbanus m., e. by Hyrcania and Plartiiia, 
at Coronus m., and w. by Assyria, at 
Zagrus m. It was distributed into Medt^ 
Atropatene, the n.w. portion. Media 
Magna, its 3. portion, and Northern Media. 



MED 



221 



MEG 



Named from Madai. Azerbijan; Shirvan; 
Ghilan ; W. Mazandaran and N. Irak, 
Mediana, a town of Rhsetia, bet. Losodica 

(11) and Leiniacum (8). Donauwarth, 
Medianum, a town of the Triballi, Moes., 
on Margus fl., R., bet. Naissus and Ul- 
mus. 
Mediocera (Mediccara), a town of Zeugi- 
tana, bet. Bibse and Aggersel, n.w. of 
Hadrumetum. 
Mediolanum, I. a town of the Bructeri 
Maj., Grerm.i in Csesia silva, e. of Asd- 
burgium. Meteln. II. postea Eburo- 
vices, of the Aulerci Eburovices, Lug- 
dunensis II., bet. Uggade n. and Con- 
date s.s.w. Evreux. III. of the Bitu- 
riges Cubi, Aquitania I., bet. Argantoma- 
gus w. and Aquae Nerse s.e. IV. capital 
of the Insubres, Gallia Transpadana, bet. 
Porum Licinii and Laus Pompeia. Built 
by the Insubres on their arrival in Italy, 
and named from Mediolauum, Gallise. A 
munidpium. In the time of Ausonius, it 
was considered the sixth dty of the empire. 
Procopius characterizes it as second only 
to Rome. Noted for its encouragement of 
learning, whence it was called Novae 
Athense. Milano ; Milan, V. of the 
Ordovices, Brit., bet. Bovium and Rutu- 
nium. VI. of the Comavii, Brit., n.w. 
of Uriconium (23). Chesterton. VII. of 
the Gugemi, Germania II., bet. Vetera 
Castra and Sablones. Mat/land, VIII. 
postea Santones, capital of the Santones, 
Aquitania II., on Carantonus fl., L., bet. 
Portus Santonum and CondatO'. Saintes, 
IX. of the Segusiani, Lugdunensis I., bet. 
Assa Paulina and Forum Segusianorum. 
Roanne, 
Mediomatrices, a people of Belgica I., bet. 
the Treveri and the Leuci. Department of 
Moselle, 
Medius mums, a wall separating Mesopo- 
tamia from Babylonia, extending bet. the 
Euphrates, at Fii'isabora, and the Tigris n. 
of Opis. Erected by Semiramis. 
Medma (Mesma) f)., I. a r. of Bruttium, fall- 
ing into the Tyrrhenian sea n. of Metaurus 
fl. Medama ; Mesama, II. (Mesma), a 
town of Bruttium, bet. Nicotera and Medma 
fl. A Locrian colony. Named from a 
great fountain near it. Rossano ? 
Medmasa, a town of Caria, near Halicar- 

nassus. 
Medobbioa (Medubrica, Meribriga), a town 
of the Celtid, Lusitania, n.e. of Ebora. 
Here were lead-mines, whence the people 
wore sumamed Plumbarii. Marvao, 
Meooslanium, a town of the Juthungi, 
Germanise, 1 m. n. from Vindobona. 



Meduaci, a tribe of Euganei or Veneti, In 
Venetia, towards the sources of Meduacus 
Maj. and Minor. About Bassano, 

Meduacus Major fl., I. a r. of Venetia, 
rising near Tridentum and falling into the 
Adriatic at a cognominal port. Brenta. 
II. Minor, of Venetia, rising n.e. of 
Sami and falling into the Adriatic at a 
cognominal town. Bachigtione, 

Meduana fl., a r. of Gaul, falling into the 
Liger, near Andecavi. Mayenne, 

Meduantum, a town of the Treveri, Belgica 
I., bet. Epoissum s.s.w. and Orolaunum 

Medulli, I. a people of Alpes Maritimse, 
N. of the Caturiges. Vol, de la Maurienne, 
II. a tribe of Bituriges Vivisd, Aquitania, 
on the Garumna, L., at its mouth. 

Medullia, a town of Latium, towards Alba 
Longa. 

Medullius m., a continuation of Vindius 
m., Tarraconensis, on Minius fl. s. Sierra 
las Medulas. 

Medullum, a town of the Genauni, Rheet.^ 
on j£nus fl., N.E. of Veldidena. Farwar ; 
Schamior. 

Medus fl., a r. of Persis, falling into the 
Araxes at Persepolis. 

Mefula, a Pelasgic town of Sabinium. 

Megabari, a people of Meroe, on the Nile, 
R., about Napata. 

Megalassus, a town of Pontus, on Halys 
fl., R., above Zara. 

Meg ALE ins., an isl. of Bithynia, one of 
the Demonisi group. 

Meg ALIA ins., an islet of Campania, atNea^ 
polls. Castel del Ovo. 

Megalopolis, " great city," I. a town of 
Zeugitana, bet. Carthago and Tunes. II. 
the capital of Arcadia, on Helisson fl., near 
the confines of Laconia. Founded by 
Epaminondas circa 370 b.c. Sinano, 
III. an early name of Aphrodisias, Ib 
Caria. IV. Pont., i. q. Eupatoria. 

Meoanitas fl., a r. of Achaia, falling intO' 
the Corinthiacus sin. below Leuctrum. 
Gaidouriari. 

Megara, I. capital of Megaris, on Saronicus 
sin., over against Salamis, 26^ m. n.w. 
from Athens. Under the Romans a colo- 
nia. Destroyed by Alaric. The birth- 
place of Euclid the Socratic and Theognis 
the Gnomist. The seat of a school of 
philosophy. Megara. II. (Parva Hybla), 
sumamed Hyblaea GalaCtis, a maritime 
town of Sicily, e., at the mouth of Alabon 
fl. A colony from Megara Nissea. Extinct 
in Strabo's time. Noted for its honey. 
III. of Molossis. IV. an andent district 
of Megaris. V. a town of Thessaly. 



MEG 



222 



MEL 



Mbgabice, Taurica Cherson., i. q. Cherso- 
nesos. 

Megaricus sinus, the strait bet Megaris 
and Salamis ins. 

Mboaricus, a town of Bithynia, on the 
Propontis, e. of Posidium prom. A colony 
from Megara Nisaea. 

MsoARiSt I. a country of Graeda e. Pelo- 
ponnes. Bounded n. by Boeotia, s. by 
Saronicns sin., w. by Corinthiacus sin., 
Achaia, and Argolis, e. by Attica. Esta- 
blished as a kingdom by Megarus, son of 
Apollo. II. an isl. of Italy, bet. NeapoUs 
and Pausilippum. 

Megarsus prom., a pr. of Cilicia Campes- 
tris, at the w. mouth of Pjn^mus fl., with 
a temple of Minerva Megarsus, where 
were the tombs of the soothsayers, Mopsus 
and Amphilochus. C. Karadash. 

Megatichos (Myrson), a town of Egypt, on 
the confines of iEthiopia. 

Megiddo, I. Galilsese, i. q. Kison. II. 
postea Legio, a town of Manasseh, Ga- 
lilsea, on Kison fl., L., 15 m. s.w. from 
Nazareth. The death-place of Ahaziah 
and Josiah. Fortified by Solomon. Lejjun, 

Megerthis, a maritime town of Tripolis, 
Afric, bet. Aphora and CEa. 

Megistani, a people of Armenia, in the 
mountains e. of Melitene. 

Megiste ins., I. an isl. of Lycia, near 
Rhope ins. Castelorizo, II. (Cisthene), 
a town of Megiste ins., Lydse. Extinct in 
Pliny's time. 

Megistus fl., i. q. Macestus. 

Mejacorire, salt baths of Mesopotamia, 
under Masius m., bet. Samachis and Ma- 
ride, at the springs of Arzamo fl. 

Mela (Melanoros), m., a chain of m., ex- 
tending 20 m. along the coast of Arabia 
Felix, E. of Agmanisphe. Gibul Fouthe- 
lee ; Gibul Harrasse, 

Meladula (Megaluda), a town of Pontus, 
towards Comana. 

MELiE, I. a town of Bmttium, nearMamer- 
tium. A Locrian colony. Mella, II. of 
the Caudini, Samnium, s. of Telesia, near 
Vulturnus fl., L. Meliasano. 

Mel^na prom., I. a pr. of Bithynia, on 
the Euxine, 19 m. e. from Rhebas fl. 

II. the N.w. extremity of Chios ins., over 
against Psyra ins. (6 J.) C San Niccolo. 

III. the N. extremity of Melas m., m. of 
Ionia. C. Karabouroun. IV. a town of 
Bithynia, on the Euxine, within the oog- 
nominal prom. 

MELiBNiB, a town of Lyda. 

MELJSNEi£, a town of Arcadia, on Alpheus 
fl., bet. Hersea and Megalopolis. Founded 
by Meiseneus, son of Lycaon. Anaziri, 



Meueneis (Melaenee), a demua of Attica 
of the tribe Antioclus. 

Melambium, a town of Pelasgiotis, Thes- 
saly, 8.E. of Scotussa. 

Melampea, a town of Lydia. 

Melamphtllus, a name of Samos, Ionia. 

MELANCHLiENi, " Wearing black,'' a people 
of Sarmatia As., on the Rha, bet. Mithri- 
datis regio and the Sapothrense. 

Melane ins., an islet of Ionia, towards the 
mouth of Caystms fl. 

Melanea, a maritime village of Cilida 
Trachea, near Myanda. 

MELANGiB, capital of the Arvami, Indise. 

Melang^a fons, a spring of Arcadia, e. of 
Mantinea, whence water was supplied to 
the dty, 

Melangea, a town of Bithynia. 

Melanippe, a town of Lyda, 4 m. w. from 
Sacrum prom. 

Melanites m., Arabiae, the m. terminating 
in Asaborum prom. 

Melano ins., I. an isl. of Caria. 11. G^- 
TULi, a people of Libya Int., s. of the 
Darse. 

Melanos prom., a pr. of Mysia, on Propon- 
tis, at Cyzicus. 

Melanthius fl., a r. of Pontus, falling into 
the Euxine, 8 m. e. from Cotyora, and 
dividing Tibarenia from Mosynceda. 

Melantii Scopuli, I. rocks on the n. coast 
of Patmos ins., s. of Corassise ins. II. 
rocks on the coast of Thera, where Apollo 
appeared to the Argonauts. 

Melapontis, an early name of Syme ins. 

Melas fl., I. a r. of the Apsynthii, Thrace, 
falling into Melas sin. at its n.e. extremity. 
Cavatcha. II. of Boeotia, rising n.w. of 
Orchomenus and losing itself in Pelecania 
regio. Its water dyed fleece black, m. 
of Cappadocia, rising in Argseus m. and 
falling into Euphrates fl. at Melitene. 
Karasou, IV. of Cilicia Trachea, falting 
into the sea 5 m. n. e. from Cruni 
prom. v. of Maliensis, in Thessaly, 
2} m. s. of Dyras fl., falling into Maliacos 
sin. below Trachis. VI. of Pamphylia, 
falling into the sea 6 m. e. from. Side. 
Remarkable for the coldness of its water. 
Menoughat. VII. (Facelinus), of Sicily, 
falling into the Tyrrhen. sea, s.w. of 
Naulochus. The oxen of the sun were 
pastured on its banks. VIII. sin., a' bay 
of the ^gean, along the n. coast of tiie 
Chersonnesus Thracia. G. di Soros, 
Meldi, I. a people of Lugdunensis IV., on 
MatrOna fl., n. of the Senones. II. of 
Celtica, contiguous to the Tricasses. E, 
Seine et Mame. III. their town. Meld- 

feltf near Bruges, 



MS(L 



223 



MEL 



Meldia, a town of the Treres, Mcea., bet. 
Ballanstra and Seretisca. 

Melenicum y a town of the Maedi, in Thrace, 
N.E. of Deiradaba. Melenik. 

Meles fl., I. a r. of Ionia, rising inMastusia 
m.y and fiilling into Hermius sin. below 
Sm3rrna. On its banks is the cave in 
which Homer arranged his poem. II. a 
town of Sicily. III. a t. of the Pentri, 
near Maronea. 

Meletes sin., a bay of Hnmius sin., at the 
mouth of Meles fl. 

Melfel 11., a r. of Latium, falling into the 
Idris, 4 m. e. from Fabratoria. Me\fa. 

Melgunis ins., i. q. .^lolise. 

Melia, a town.of Caria. 

Melibocus m., m. of the Cherusd, Germ., 
E. of Lupta. The Hartz, 

Melibcea, I. ins., an isL of Syria, at the 
mouth of the Orontes. II. a town of 
Estieeotis, in Thessaly, n.e. of Gomphi. 
III. of Magnesia, in Thessaly, bet. Rhizus 
and Casthansea. Assigned by Homer to 
Philoctetes. Castri, 

Melinoa (Mangarud), a maritime town of 
India i. Gangem, w., bet. Bacari and Cor- 
cnra. 

HBiiioDUNUM,a town of the Corcontii, Germ., 
on Mariscos fl. Near Olmutz. 

Meliosedum (Mecledum), poatea Melodu- 
num, a town of the Senones, Lugdunen- 
sis IV., on the Seine, above Lutetia. 
Melun, 

Melisse (Melitsea, Melitara), a town of 
Phrygia M., bet. Synnada and Metropolis. 
The borial-place of Aldbiades. 

Melisurois, a town of Chalddice, in Mace- 
donia, bet. Thessalonica (20) and Apol- 
lonia (17)» on the Egnatia Via. 

Melita, I. ins., an isl. of the Adriatic, one 
of the Libumides ins., s. of Corcyra. 
Noted for the Catuli Melitsei. Meleda, 
II. of the Mediterranean, 60 m. s.b. from 
Sicilia. Peopled by Phoenicians 1500 b.c., 
and therefore at first regarded as belonging 
to Africa. Noted for its linen manufac- 
tures. The scene of the shipwreck of St. 
Paul. Malta, 

Mblit^a, prius Pyrrha, a town of Achaia, 
in Thessaly, 1^ m. w. from HeUas, on the 
opposite side of Enipeus fl. Here was the 
tomb of Hellen, son of Deucalion. Goura, 

Melita&a, Phrygia, i. q. Melisse. 

Meute, I. a suburban demus of Athens, of 
the tribe Cecropeis. The residence of 
Phocion. The place of rehearsal for the 
tragic actors. II. palus, a salt'^lake of 
Acamania, on its s. coast, e. of the e. 
mouth of Achelous fl., 4 m. long by 1 m. 
broad. 



Melitene, I. a district of Susiana Elymais, 
bet. Tigris and Choaspes ffl., above Chara- 
cene. II. prefectura, a prefect, of Cappa- 
doda, or, according to Ptolemy, of Arme- 
nia Minor, on Euphrates fl., R., n. of 
Commagene. Noted for a fine wine called 
Monarites. III. capital of Melitene pref., 
in Cappadoda. Built by Trajan, enlarged 
by Justinian. The station of the Legio 
XII., or Fulminifera; subsequently the 
metrop. of Armenia Minor. Malatia. 

Melitonus, a town of Lyncus, in Mace- 
donia, bet. Heradea (13) and Grandis 
(14), on the Egnatia Via. 

Melizigara ins., an isl. of India i. Gangraa, 
over against Balepatna. 

Mella fl., Gallia Cisalpina. Vide Melo. 

Me LL ARIA, I. a maritime town of the Tur- 
tetani, Bsetica, bet. Transducta s.w. and 
Carteja n.e. Torre de la Penna. II. a 
town of the Turtuli, Beetica, w.n.w. of 
Corduba. Named from its fine honey. 
A colonia from Mellaria ad Mare. 

Melfis fl., a r. of Latium, falling into Liris 
fl. near Aquinum. Mel/a, 

Melina, a town of Argolis, with a temple 
of Venus. Melmea. 

Mellosecium, a town of the Tricorii, Vien- 
nensis, bet. Catorissium w. and Durotin- 
cum e. Mella, 

Melo fl., a r. of Grallia Cisalp., passing 
through Brixia into the Ollius. Garza: 
Melone, 

Meloboteira, i. q. JEga, 

Melocabus (Melomabus), a town of the 
Marsingi-Chatt., Germ., s.e. of Gravio- 
narium. Near Fulda, 

Melodunum. Vide Meliosedum. 

Melorome (Mesorome), a town of Pontus, 
on the confines of Galatia, towards Tavia. 

Melos (MimaUis), ins., an island of the 
^gean, one of the Cyclades, s. w. of 
Cimolus. For some time a dependency 
of Lacedeemon. Milt. II. capital of the 
cognominal isl., on the x.w. coast. The 
birth-place of the Atheist Diagoras. Milo, 
III. a maritime village of Acamania. Mela, 

Melpea, a village of Arcadia, on Nomii m., 
where Pan invented his pipe. 

Melphes fl., I. a r. of Lucania, fidling into 
Inferum m. s.e. of Palinurus prom. 
Molpa, 

Melpum, a town of the Cenomanni, in 
Gallia Transpad., on Addua fl., bet. Me- 
diolanum and Bergomum. 

Melsus (Noelus) fl. a r. of Tarraconensis, 
falling into Navilubio fl., L., towards its 
mouth. Abono. 

Melta, a town of the Moesi, Mces., bet. 
Doriones and Sostra. 



MEL 



224 



MEN 



Meltbne, a town of Zengitana, towards 
Mescela. 

MiLTOs, a town on Sogdiana ins., Carm. 

Membrissa (Membresa), a town of Zeu- 
gitana, on Bagradas fl., L., bet. Musti 
(35)andThureis(12). 

Membro, a maritime village of Zeugitana, 
N.w. of Utica (6). 

Memini, a tribe of Vocontii, Viennensis, 
bet. the Vulgientes w. and Dnientia fl. e. 

Memnon, a town of Mysia, e. of jEsepusfl., 
where was the tomb of Memnon. 

Memnonia, the fortress of Susa, Susianse ; 
from Memnon, son of Tithonus. 

Memnones, a people of Ethiopia, bet. the 
Tangaitse and Meroe ins. 

Memnonium (Memnon, Phaturis, Patros), a 
suburb of Thebes, in Egypt, on the left 
bank of the Nile, where once stood two 
colossal figures of Memnon, destroyed by 
Cambyses, or by an earthquake; the re- 
maining portion of one of these emitted a 
sound when struck by the rays of the 
rising sun. 

Memphis (Momf, Memf, Mefi ; Moph, 
Noph), capital of Heptanomis, on the 
Nile, L., bet. Cercasura (15) and Tas- 
drum. Built by Menes, on the ancient 
bed of the Nile, the course of the river 
having been changed by him for that pur- 
pose. The seat of the sacred Apis. Near 
Fostat. 

Men^num (Menae), a town of Sicily, on 
Eryces fl., R., above Eryce. Mineo. 

Menalippe, a naval station of Lycia, on 
Limyrus fl. Sacred to Minerva. 

Menambis, a district of Arabia Feh'x, bet. 
the Sabsei and the Sappharitse. 

Menanatha (Minois), a town of Idumsea, 
E.s.E. of Raphia. 

Menapia (Menevia), I. a town of the De- 
metse, Brit., w. of Ad Vigesimum. St. 
David's, II. capital of the Menapii, Hi- 
bemise. Wexford, III. a town of the 
Zariaspae Bactr., on Zariaspes fl., above 
Zariaspe. Probably the original seat of 
the Menapii. Andechud. 
Menapii, a colonia of the continental Me- 
napii, settled in Hibemia, e., bet. the 
Chauci and the Brigantes. They were 
called by the natives Fir-bolgs (Viri-Bel- 
gici). II. a people of Germania II., bet. 
the Rhine, the Mosa, and the Scaldis; 
afterwards settled in Belgica II., 3. of the 
Marini. 
Menapiorum castrum, a fortress of the 
Menapii, Germania II., on the Mosa, bet. 
Blariacum and Catuatium. Cosset. 
Menavii, a town of the Aduatud, Ger- 

' mania II., n.w. of Genuacum. 






Men-Carus, a vUlage of Caria, e. of 
Cbrura, towards Laodicea. Founded around 
a celebrated temple of Men-Carus by the 
disciples of Herophilus the physician. 

Mende, a town of Pallene, in Macedonia, at 
Posidium prom. A colony from Eretria in 
Euboea. Famous for its wines. 

Mendes, a town of Lower 'EgypU on the 
Mendesic branch of the Nile, near its 
mouth. Here Fan and a goat were wor- 
shipped. Achmoun. 

Mendesium ostium Nili, the fifth greater 
mouth of the Nile, e. from Alexandria. 
Named from Mendes. It separates from 
Phatmeticum ostium at Diospolis. Meri' 
zaleh Canat. . 

Mendicaleja, a town of Hie Ilergetes, Tar- 
raconensis. 

Mendrion, a town of Cyrenaica, on Syrtis 
Maj., bet. Ad Puteum and Boreum prom. 

Menebria, the early name of Mesambria, 
in Thrace. 

Menecina, a town of Bruttium, near Con- 
sentia. 

Mrnedemium, I. a town of Lyda. II. of 
Melyas, in Pisidia. 

Menegere, a town of Byzacene, on the 
borders of Numidia, bet. SdUium and 
Theveste. 

Menegesis, a town of Numidia, n.e. of 
Thebeste. 

Menblai portus, a port of Marmarica, at 
Ardanis prom. Named from the landing 
here of Menelaus. The death-place of 
Agesilaus. Toubrouk. 

Menelais, I. fons, a fountain of Arcadia. 
Noted for a very splendid plane-tree. II. 
a town of Athamania, in ^tolia, on Ach«- 
lous fl. 

Menelaium m., m. of Laconia, on Eurotas 
fl., terminating in Malea prom. A con- 
tinuation of Thomax m., from about 
Sparta. Malevo. 

Menelaus, a name of Canopus JBgypti, 
from Menelaus, brother of Ptolemy Jjogas. 

Menephese, a town of Zeugitana. 

Menepia. Vide Menapia.' 

Menesthei portus, a maritime town of the 
Turtetani, Baetica, n.e. of Gades. Here 
was the orade of Menestheus. Near 
Puerto Real. 
Meninx (Girba, Lothophagorum) ins., I. an 
isl. of Byzacene, in Syrtis Minor, opposite 
Tacape. Gerbi ; Zarbi, II. capited of Me- 
ninx ins., on the n. coast. The birth-place 
of Vibius Gallus and of Volusianus. 
Menlascus fl., I. a r. of Europe, falling into 
Cantabricum m. at Menosca. The boun- 
dary, in that direction, of Spain and Gaul. 
Orio, 



MEN 



225 



MES 



MsNNEiANiE, a town of the Andizetes, Pan- 
nonia, bet. Inicerom (28) and Varianee 
(26). Patraez. 

Mennis, a town of the Garameei, Assyriee, 
s. of Arbela. Near Dus-Churmula. 

MsNOSCA, a town of the Varduli, Tarraco- 
nensis, at Olarsum prom. Sumaya. 

Menotharus fl., a r. of Sannatia Asiatica. 

Menralii, a people of Colchis. The pro- 
genitors of the Mingrelians. 

Mentesa, a town of the Oretani, Tarraco- 
nensis, s.e. of Tucci-Gemella. 

Mentbsa-Bastia (Mentosa), a town of the 
Bastitani, Tarraconensis, on the Bsetis, L., 
towards its source, e. of Castolo. 

MentoveneS) a people of Liguria, x. of 
Grenna. 

Menuthias ins.) an isl. of Africa, s.e. 
Peruba. 

Mephaath, a Levitical city of Reuben, in 
Silbonitis, bet. Lydia n.w. and Anitha s. 
The Romans erected a fortress here. 

Hercimeris, a town of Numidia, bet. Ma- 
comades and Justis. 

Mercuriales, Byzac., i. q. Thense. 

Mercurii (Hermeeum) prom., I. the n.e. 
extremity of Africa. II. of Byzacene, over 
against Cerdna ins. Cape Bon. III. of 
Sicily, s. of Nympheeum prom. IV. op- 
pidum, vide Hermopolis Magna. 

MERETiE, a people of Britannia Barbara, on 
the E. coast, bet. the Lugi n. and the 
Decantse s. 

Meroablum, a maritime town of the Turte- 
tani, Bsetica, bet. Grades x. and Junonis 
prom. 

Meroana, a town of Sicily, on Himera Min. 
fl., L., under Cratas m. n. Margana, 

Meriaba, ArabisB, i. q. Mariaba. 

Merinum, a maritime town of Daunia, Apul., 
at Garganum prom. n. Ch. of Santa 
Maria di Merino, near Viesii, 

Mermodas (Mermadalis) il., ar. of Sarmatia, 
rising in Caucasus m., and falling into 
Meeotis palus. 

Herobrioa, a town of Lusitania, x. of 
Sacrum prom. Sines. 

JIeroe, I. a kingdom of Ethiopia, on the 
Nile, bet. Dodecaschoenus at Hiera Sycami- 
nes X. and Astapus and Astaborus fd. 
The name is an extension of that of Meroe 
Ins., q. V. II. capital of Meroe, on the 
Nile, R., above Primis Magna. Josephus 
says that its ancient name was Saba, and 
that it was renamed by Cambyses in honour 
of his son, who died there. At this point, 
according to Pliny, the shadow decreases 

¥ twice a year ; when the sun is in the 18th 
degree of Taurus and in the 14th of Leo. - 
III. ma., an insular district of Mc.v/e, | 



formed by the Nile, the Astapus, and the 
Astaboras ffl., from Primis Magna x. to 
about Sirbitium. 

Merom lacus, vide Samachonitis. 

Meropia ins., an early name of Ads ins. 

Meroth, a town of Dan, w.s.w. of Hazor. 

Meroz, I. a place near Kison fl. II. a town 
of Galilee, of uncertain position. 

Merrhax (Corsote), a town of Tingene, 
Mesop., on the Euphrates, bet. Zarta and 
Giddara. 

Merula il., a r. of Liguria, falling into 
Ligusticus sin., at Albintemelium. Arosoia* 

Merus, "thigh," m., I. a m. of India i. Gan- 
gem, at Nyssa. Here Bacchus and his 
army were preserved from a pestilence 
which raged in the plain below, and hence 
the fable of Bacchus having been inserted 
in Jupiter's thigh. II. a town of Phrygia. 

Merusium, a town of Sicily, towards Syra- 
cuse. 

Mes AxiTES sin., the mouth of the Euphrates 
next to Arabia. Named from Mizzah, son 
of Reuel. Phrat Misan. 

Mesarfilia, a town of Numidia, bet. Aquae 
Herculis and Piscina. 

Mesate, I. ins., an isl. of Ionia, off the 
cognominal prom. II. prom., a pr. of 
Ionia, at the s. entrance of Erythrseus 
sin. 

Mesambria, a maritime district of Persis 
Prop., s. of Taocene. 

Mescele, a port of Zeugitana, towards Hippo 
Regius. 

Mese (Pomponiana) ins., one of the Stoe- 
chades ins., Narbonensis, e. of Prote ins. 
Poricros. 

Mbsech (Meshech), the Scriptural name of 
the N.E. angle of Asia Minor, as colonized 
by Mesech, son of Japheth, supposed to 
be the progenitor of the Muscovites. 

Mesembria, I. a maritime town of the Ci- 
cones, in Thrace, at the mouth, e. of 
Lissus fi. A Samothracian colony. II. a 
town of the Crobyzi, in Thrace, on the 
Euxine, x. of Anchialus. A colony from 
Megara Nissea. Misioria. 

Mesene, I. a peninsular district of Chaldaea 
and Susiana, formed by Tigris fl. and 
Naarmalcha canalis. II. a peninsular dis- 
trict at the mouth of the Tigris. 

Mesh a m., Arabiae, i. q. Zames. Named 
from Mishma or Masma. 

Mesiates, a tribe of Lepontii, x. of Ver- 
banus lac. Val de Misox ; Val di Mi^ 
socco. 

Mesinium, a town of the Cherusd, on Albisfl. 

Mesma, Italiae, i. q. Medma. 

Mesoboa, a town of Arcadia, on Ladon fl., 
L., above Oryx, 



MES 



S86 



MET 



If BSOCHOBioN, a town of the Salentmi, in 
Japygia, on Via Appia, bet. Tarentom (10) 
and Una (10). Grottoglie. 

Mesola, a town of Messenia. 

Mbsonacte, a town of Phrygia Parorea, near 
Philomelium. 

Mesopotamia (biblic^ Aram Naharaim, 
Padan Aram), a ooontry of Asia, bet. the 
rivers Euphrates and Tigris, bounded n. 
by Armenia Maj. at Bfasius m. and the 
Tigris, 8. by Babylonia at Medius murus, 
w. by Syria at the Euphrates, e. by Assyria 
at the Tigris. Its southern portion was 
included by the earlier Greeks in tibe name 
of Arabia, and its northern in that of 
tSyria. 

Mbsopotamium, a town of Sicily, bet. Gela 
and Hybla Herea. 

Mbsotimolita (Mesotmolitse), a tribe oc- 
cupying the centre of the ridge Tmolus, in 
Lydia. 

Mesphe, a town of Tripolis, Africa, bet. 
Leptis Mag. and Thenadassa. 

Mesptla, a town of Assyria, near Nineveh. 

Messa, a town of Laoonia, on Messeniacus 
sin., 19 m. s.Jrom (Stylus. Maino ? Me- 
zapo? 

Messaba, a town of Caria. 

Messabatice (Mesabatenes), a district of Su- 
siana Elymais, on Choaspes il., L., w. of 
Corbiene. 

Mess AN A (jirius Zande, Mamertina), a dty 
of Sicily, on Siculum fretum, over against 
(n.w.) Rhegium, in Italy. Founded by a 
colony from Messene, or, according to 
Thucydides, by AnaxUas the Messenian, 
tyrant of Rhegium. Enlarged by Mamer- 
tine exiles. The birth-place of Euemerus 
the historian. Messina, 

Mess APIA, I. the Greek name of the portion 
of Apulia on the coast of Tarentinus sin. 
II. a district of Japygia, extending over 
its central and n. portions. III. a town 
of Messapia, on Via Appia, bet. Hyria and 
Brundusium. Messagna. IV. a town of 
the Locri Ozolee, w^ of Chaleon. V. an 
early name of Boeotia, from Messapius m. 

Messapii, I. descendants of the Osd, settled 
in Messapia. Named from, their leader 
Messapus. II. a tribe of Japyges, occupy- 
ing the interior of Japygia. 

Messapius m., a m. of Boeotia, w. of Anthe- 
don, giving name to Messapus, the colonizer 
of Messapia, in Italy, and also to Boeotia. 
Ktypia, 

Mbssatis, a town of Achaia, near Patrse, 
whither its inhabitants were removed by 
Patreus. 

Messene, I. a district of Babylonia, about 
Seleuda. Kutha. II. the later capital of 



Messenia, at Ithome m., 7 m* e. from 

C3rparis8ia. Founded by Epaminondas; 

and named from Messmie, daughter of 

Triopas. The burial-place of Aristomenes. 

Mauromaii. 
Messeis fons, a fountain of Pelasgiotis, in 

Thessaly, near Pherse. 
Messenia, a country of Peloponnesus, 

bounded n. by Elis and Arcadia, s. and w. 

by the Ionium mare, e. by Laconia. Under 

Menelaus a portion of Laconia. Named 

after Messene, wife of Polycaon. 
Messeniacus rin., a bay of the .^gean, on 

the s. coast of Measenia. Chlfb di 

Coron. 
Messoois m., a range of m. in Lydia, nm- 

ning parallel with 'Hnolus m. w. — ^b. Noted 

for its wine. Keatenotts Dagh. 
Messua coUis, a peninsular prom, of Gaul, 

on the Mediterranean, s. of Settom pflom. 

Near Mete, 
Mestleta, a town of Iberia, on tiie Af^gns, 

at its junction with the Cyrus, bet. Ca«pia 

and Seumara, n.e. of Harmozica. Mtsk- 

hetla, 
Mestriana, a town of the Amantini, Fn- 

nonia, bet Sabaria and Mogentiana (80). 

Mindsent. 
Mesuo, a town of the Volcte Arecomid, 

Narbonensis, bet. Fonim Domitii n.b. and 

Araora s.w. 
Mbstla, a town of Pontiu, bet. Gasoim and 

Comana. 
Metabole, a fortress of Bitfaynia, on 8o- 

phon m. 
Metabum, the name of Metapontum, Lacan., 

from the hero Metabus. 
METACH^uif, a fortvess of Boeotia, bet 

Coronea and Orchomenus. 
Metacompso (Taoompso), poUea Conte 

Pselchis, a town of DodeoisdiQenuB, on the 

Nile, R., opposite Pselchis. 
MBTAGONiTiB, a people of Mauritania Tiiigi- 

tana, on the coast, bet. Taenia Ixmga ud 

Metagonium prom. 
Metaoonitis (Metheg, heb. ''bridle"), La 

name of Numidia as a subjugated country. 

II. prom., a pr. of Mauritania Ting., x. of 

Rusadir prom. 
Metagonium prom., a pr. of Numidia, near 

the mouth of Ampsaga fl. Cape Hot^ 

neine? 
Metalla, a town of the Celsitani, in Sar- 
dinia, bet. Populum and NeapoUs. Named 

from its (silver) mines. Antas. 
Metallifeki m., a chain of Carpatse m^ in 

Germania Magna. Erzgebirge. 
Metallinum (Metellina Castra), a town of 

the Turtuli, Bietica, on the Bsetis, above 

Augusta Emerita (24). It onoe stood on 



HET 



287 



MET 



the Luntaoun ade of the Baetis. Mede- 
Un. 

Metallum prom., I. a pr. on the s. coast of 
Crete, at the cognominal town. C Mataia. 
II. a town of the Cokpini, Pluinonia, 8.E. 
of Emona. III. of Crete, within the cogno- 
minal prom., at ihe mouth of Lethseus fl. 
The dockyard of Gortys. Castel PriO' 
iissa, 

Metapa, a town of JStolia, at the s. shore 
of Tridionius lacus, n.b. of Phyteum. 
Meiarga, 

Mbtapontum, jmttf Metabum, Aliso, a city 
of Lucania, on Tarentinus sin., 8. of Bra- 
danus fl. Colonized, circa 1000 B.C., by 
Pylians, and afterwards by Achseans, who 
named it Metapontum. Thiare was a temple 
of Minerva, where were shown the tools with 
which Epteus made the wooden horse. The 
district was the abode for many years of 
Pythagoras, and the scene of the reappear- 
ance of Aristias of Prooonnesns. Celebrated 
for its agriculture. In ruins in the time of 
Pausanias. Torre di Mare. 

Mbtaris testuar., an estuary of Germanicns 
oc, at the mouths of Trivona and Aufona 
ffl., 8. of Abus fl. 7%e Wash. 

Metarus fl., I. an arm of the Cantabrieum 
mare, within Trileucum prom. II. a r. of 
Tfuraconensis, fidling into Cantabrieum 
mare, bet. Buram e. and Trileucum prom, 
w. Rio de Vwero. 

Metauac, a town of Lesbos ins. Founded 
by Metas, a Tyrrheno-Pelasgic chief. 

Metaurus fl., I. a r. of Bruttium, felling 
into the Tyrrhenian sea at Metaurum, s. 
of Medma fl. Noted for the thunny-fishing 
at its mouth. Marro or Petrace. II. of 
Umbria, rising w. of Tifemum Metaur., 
and lyiing into the Adriatic 2 m. s. of 
Fanum Fortunie. Memorable for the de- 
feat of Asdrubal by Llvius Salinator and 
Claudius Nero, b.c. 207* Metauro. 

Metaurum, a town of Bruttium, on Me- 
taurus fl., near its mouth. A Locrian, or, 
according to Solinus, a Zandsan colony. 
The birth-place of Stesichorus. Gioja. 

Mbtelis, postea Bechis, a town of Lower 
Egypt, on the Bolbitic branch of the Nile, 
L., below Bolbitene. Abu Mandur. 

Methath, a port of Arabia Felix, e. of Cane 
Emporium. Muglidah. 

Mbtheg-Ammah, L q. Gath. 

Mbthone (Methana) I. a peninsula of 
Argolis, bet. Pogon portus and Epidaurus. 
Enlarged by a volcanic eruption in the 
reign of Aibgonus Gonatas. With hot 
springs. The volcanic exhalations from 
this place were intolerable from their 
stench bj day, bat not by night. II* 



prom., a pr. of Messenia, s. of Pylos. 

III. (Methana), a town of Argolis, on the 
cognominal peninsula, bet. Epidaurus and 
Trcezen. With a temple of Isis. Methana, 

IV. of Euboea. V. of Magnesia, in Thes- 
saly, on Pagasseus sin., bet. ^>a]athra and 
Ormenium. A town of Philoctetes. VI. 
(Mothone), of Messenia, at the cognominal 
prom. Named from Mothone, daughter 
of iEneas. The Pedasus of Homer. A 
colonia of Trajan. Here was a well sacred 
to Diana, the water of which, mixed with 
pitch, formed a flne ointment. ModoU" 
palaio. VII. of Plena, in Macedonia, on 
the Thermaicus sin., bet. Pydna (5 m.) 
and Alorus. A Greek colony. It was 
razed by Philip of Macedon, who at its 
siege losib one of his eyes. Leuterochori. 

Methora, a town of Surasena, Ind., on 
Diamuna fl., R., bet. Indabura and CU- 
sobra. 

Methymna, a town of Lesbos, on its k. 
coast, over against Polymedium (7^)* The 
birth-place of Arion and of M3rrsilus. 
Noted for its wine. Molivo. 

Mbthtriades ins., islets of Megaris, bet^ 
Nissea and Salamis ins. Remtousa. 

Methtdrium, I. a town of Arcadia, 16 m. n- 
from Megalopolis, w. of Mantinea, built 
by Orchomenus, bet. Malaetas and Mylaon 
ffl. The inhabitants were transferred to 
Megalopolis. Palatia. II. of Thessaly. 

Mbtibi, a people of Sarmatia, towards the 
N.E. coast of the Euxine. 

MetYna ins., an isl. of Narbonensis, off the 
Metapinian mouth of the Rhone. Jamatan, 

Mbtine, a district of Tenesis, in iBthiopia, 
s.E. of Agame. 

Metiosedum, a town of the Benones, in Gaul, 
at the confluence of the Matrona with the 
Sequana. 

Metita, a town of lAvimasene, in Cappa- 
doda, on Euphrates fl. 

Metopes fl., a r. of Arcadia. 

Metores, a people of Persis Prop., s.w. of 
Persepolis. 

Metropolis, I. a town of Acamania, on the 
R. bank of Adielous fl., s. of Stratus. 
Burned by Philip III. of Macedon. Xt- 
guetorika. II. of Dolopia, Thessalise,. 
N.w. of Sosthems. III. a city of Estiseotis^ 
Thessaly, on the k. bank of Peneus fl.^ 
N.E. of Tricca. IV. a fortress of Histisea, 
in Euboea. V. a town of Lydia, under 
GaUesus m. e. Cabadja. VI. of Phrygia, 
N. of Synnada. Sacred to Cybde. TchoiH' 
labad. VII. Scythiaj, i. q. Olbia. VIIL 
i. q. Argos Amphilochum. 

Mbtroum, a port of Bithynia, on the EuziiijQy 
10 m. N.B. from HendU»i. 



MET 



228 



MIM 



Metubarkis ins., an isl. of Pannonia, on 

Savus fl. Coluhara ? 
Metulum, capital of the Japydes, in Illyria, 

at the siege of which Augustus Caesar was 

wounded. Metling, 
Mbvania, a town of Umbria, on Tinia fi., 

bet. Spoletium (12) and Forum Flaminii 

(16). Noted for its rich pastures and its 

white sacrificial bulls. The birth-plaoe of 

Propertius. Bevagna, 
Mevaniola, a town of Umbria, w. of Sar- 

sina. Galeata, 
MiACORUs (MilcGrus), a town of Chalcidice, 

in Macedonia. 
MiACUM, a town of the Vaccsei, Tarraco- 

nensis, bet. Segobia n.w. and Complutum 

MiBA, a town of the Sammei, Arabia FeUz, 
bet. Labecia and Arabicus sin. Niab. 

MiCHMASH, a town of Judaea, 9 m. from 
Jerusalem. The abode of Jonathan Mac- 
cabaeus. Mukhmas. 

MicoDEs fl., a sacred stream of Bruttium, 
one of the seven streams falling into Me- 
taurus fl. E. of Fortus Orestis. 

MiDEA, I. the Medea or Epimedea of Xeno- 
phon, olim Persepolis, a town of Argolis, 
bet. Argos and Lessa. Named after the 
wife of Electryon. Agios Adrianos, II. 
the early name of Lebadia, in Boeotia. 

MiCTBERNA, the port of Olynthus, in Si- 
thonia, Macedonia, on the Toronaicus 
sin., which, after it, was sometimes called 
Micybemicus sin. Medjid Bama. 

MiDiBUM (Mygdone), a royal city of Phrygia 
Epict., E. of Doryleum (28). Named from 
Midas, one of the kings of Phrygia. 
' Caragamotts, 

MiDiAX, I. a country of Arabia Petraea, on 
both sides of .^Elanites sin. The seat of the 
descendants of Midian, fourth son of Abra- 
ham. Madian, II. (Modiana), capital of 
Midian, on the e. shore of ^lanites 
sin. . 

Minus, a town of Bithynia, on Sangarius fl., 
bet. Nicaea (16) and Totaium. 

MiEZA, olim Str3rmonium, postea Mediana, 
a town of Emathia, Macedonia, on the 
Olganus fl., 8.E. of MgiR, Named after 
Mieza, grand-daughter of king Macedon. 
The birth-place of Peucestas. Here was 
a school established for the exiled Sta- 
girites by Alexander. Near Cailari, 

MiGDOL, a fortress of Arabia Petraea, near 
Arsinoe, n. Bir Suez. 

MiGO, a town of Cyrenaica, k.e. of Au- 
gila. 

MioRON, a place near Michmash, Judaea. 

Mijos (Mophis) fl., a r. of India i. Gangem, 
falling into Barygazenus sin. 



MilXta (Milatae, j709/«a Bononia), a town 
of Pannonia Inf., on the Danube, s. of 
Acincum. Hlok; Ujlak. 

MiLCORUs, Maced., i. q. Miacorus. 

MiLETOPOLis, a town of Mysia, s. of Cyzicus, 
20 m. 8.W. from Apollonia ad Khyndacum. 
A colony of Mitylenians from Cyzicus. 
Melt4, 

MiLETUM, a town of Attica, of the tribe 
Cecropeis. 

Miletus (Lelegeis), I. capital of Ionia, on 
the coast, 40 m. s. of Ephesus, towards the 
mouth of Maeander fl., but removed some 
distance from it by its deposits. Founded 
by Sarpedon, brother of Minos. Colo- 
nized by lonians under Neleus. The 
birth-place of Thales, Anaximander, Amud- 
menes, of Timotheus, the musician, and 
the historians Cadmus and Hecataeus. 
Noted for its carpets and tapestry. Palat, 
II. a town on the n. coast of Crete, e. of 
Amnisus. The parent of Miletus, in Ionia. 
'Milato. III. of P^phlagonia, 15 m. from 
Cereae. 

MiLEUM, a town of Numidia, on the borders 
of Mauritania Caesariensis, bet. Numituria- 
num and Nobae Fasciani, w. of Cirta (3Q). 
Milah, 

MiLiCHUs fl., a r. of Achaia, rising in 
Panachaicus m. and falling into the Corin- 
thiacus sin. e. of Patrae. On its banks 
was a temple of Diana Tridaria. 

MiLizEGERis ins., an isl. of India i. Gangem, 
w. of Comaria prom. 

MiLOLiTUM, a town of the Cicones, Thrace, 
on the Egnfttia Via, bet. Brendice (15) and 
Tempyra (16). 

MiLONiA, a town of the Marsi, Italy, w. 
of Alba Fucentia. 

MiLTODES m., am. of Thebais, on the Bed 
sea, N. of Myos Hormus. 

MiLTOPje, a naval station of Calabria, bet. 
Valetium and Portus Tarentinus. Con- 
structed by Hadrian. Torre di San Co- 
taldo. 

Mil Y AS regie, postea Cabalis and Cibyra, I. a 
district of Lyda, settled by the Solymi of 
Phoenicia. II. of Pisidia, about Termes- 
sus and Isionda. III. capital of the ^g- 
nominal district in Pisidia, s.e. of Pisidicos 
lacus. 

Mimas m., am. of Ionia, on the w. side of 
Hermius sin., n. of Erythrae, and extend- 
ing through Asia Minor for 250 m. Full 
of wUd beasts. Hence the Bacchantes 
were called Mimallones. Caravouno. 

Mimate, the later capital of the Gabali,. 
after the destruction of Gabali. Mende. 

MiMizA, a town of Syria, bet. Cyrrhus (20) 
and Beraea (22). Aazaz f 



MIN 



229 



MIS 



Mix, a town of Drangiana, on Etymandms 
fl., above Ariape. 

MiNA fl., I. a r. of Mauritania Csesar., falling 
into Chinalaph fl., L., towards its mouth. 
II. a town of Mauritania Caesar., on Mina 
fl., R., near its source. 

MiNARiACUM, a town of the Menapii, Bel- 
gica II., bet. Castrum Morinorum n.w. 
andTumacum e. 

MiNiEi, a people of Arabia Felix, e. of the 
Cineedocolpitse, Alitsei, and Cassanitse, ex- 
tending from the Red sea towards Zames 
m. Beni Ateybe* 

MiNcius fl., a r. of Gallia Transpadana, 
rising in Alpes Rhaetise, s.w. of Anoninm, 
and, after passing through Benacus lac, 
falling into Padus fl. below Mantua, jlfm- 
cio. 

Minerva prom., Campanise, i. q. Surrenti- 
num. « 

Minervium, I. Bruttii, i. q. Castrum Mi- 
nervee. II. a town of the Cenomanni, 
Grallia Transp., on Mela fl., R. Manerhio, 

MiNio (Mindo) fl., a r. of Etruria, falling 
into Tyrrhenum mare at Graviscse. Mi- 
gnone. 

MiNius (Balnis) fl., a r. of CallsBcia, rising 
N. of Lucus Augusti and falling into the 
Atlantic s. of Abobrica. Named from its 
minium, ''red-colouring earth.'' Minho. 

Mixizus (Regemnezus, Mizagus), a town 
of the Tectosages, G^alatia, bet. Lagania 
(21) imd Manegordium (28). Here Arca- 
dius published his code of laws. 

Minna, a maritime town of Tripolis Africae, 
bet. Quintiliana and Getullum. 

MiNNAGARA, a town of Larica, Indiae, 28 
geog. m. from Barygaza, on Namadus fl. 
Mahmudabad. 

Minneth, a town of Peraea, bet. Heshbon 
(4) and Philadelphia. Noted for its 
wheat. 

Minni, a people of Armenia, in Taurus m. 

Minnocerta, a town of Osrhoene, bet. 
Gallaba and Nisibis. 

Minoa, I. a pr. of Megaris, in the Saro- 
nicus sin., over against Nisaea. It was 
at one period an island. II. a town of 
'Amorgos ins., s. of ^giale. The birth- 
place of Simonides. Porto Bathy, III. 
of Crete, in Didymi sin., e. of Camara, 71 
m. N.w. from Hierap3rtna. Porto Triani, 
IV. (Minoum), of Crete, at the n. of 
Minous sin. Bmlt by Minos. Sirda. V. 
of Laconia, at a cognominal prom, on the 
iEgean, n. of Epidaurus. Monembasia or 
Nauplia di Malvasia, 

Minodunum, a town of the Ambrones, 
Maxima Sequanomm, bet. Aventicum n.e. 
and Bromagus s. Mouton. 



Minorca ins., the '' smaUer " of the Baleares 
ins., Tarraconensis. Minorca, 

MiNous sin., a bay of the ^gean, in Crete, £• 
of Drepanum prom. (r. ^t Suda, 

MiNTHE m., a m. of Triphylia, Elis, s.e. of 
Scillus, whither some of the centaurs re- 
tired on the death of Chiron. M. Smyme, 

MiNTURNiB, a town of the Ausones, La- 
tium, on Liris fl., 3 m. from its mouth, 
bet. Formiae (9) and Sinuessa (9), on Via 
Appia. A colonia 298 e.g. Surrounded by 
marshes, the refuge of Marius. Mintumi. 

MiNYA, prius Almon, Almonia, a town of 
Thessaly. 

MiNYJE, I. a tribe of Thessalians who emi- 
grated to Boeotia, under Minyas, and 
settled in Orchomenus, sumamed after 
them Minyan. II. descendants of the Ar- 
gonauts, first settled in Lemnos and then in 
Laconia and Triphylia, on the confines of 
Arcadia, whence they expelled the Paro- 
reatae. 

Minyas (Minni), a district of Armenia Maj., 
on the Euphrates, L., towards its source, 
N. of Arsissa. Manavazean. 

MiNYEUs fl«, Elid., i. q. Anigrus. Named 
rfter the Minye. 

MiROBRiGA, I. a town of the Cynetes, Lusi- 
tania, n. of Lacobriga. II. of the Turtuli, 
Baetica, n., bet. ContosoliaN.w. and Sisapo 
E.s.E. Capilla. 

MiRYANDRus, a Phoenician town of Cilida 
Campestris, s.w. of Alexandria ad Issum. 

MisENUM, I. a pr. of Campania, s. of 
Cumae, over against Prochyta ins. The 
burial-place of Misenus, the trumpeter of 
MneBS ; or, according to Strabo, a com- 
panion of Ulysses. Capo Miseno. II. 
the port of Cumae, Campan., within Mi- 
senum prom. Under the empire the naval 
station of the fleet of the Mare inferum. 
Near it was Cicero's Cumaean villa, and a 
magnificent viUa of C. Marius, afterwards 
the property of Tiberius, and the scene of 
that emperor's death. It was at Misenum 
that the elder Pliny was stationed, as com- 
mander of the fleet, when he perished. 

MiSETus, a town of Macedonia. 

MiSEUS (Mises, Misis) fl., a r. of Picenum, 
falling into the sea n. of Potentia. Mus- 
cone. 

MisGOMENiB, a town of Thessaly. 

MiSNA, a town of Zeugitana, on Carthagi- 
nensis sin., over against Clypia, 8j^ geog. 
m. from Carthage. Sidy Doude. 

MisPAH, "place of observation," I. the 
highest summit of Gilead m. II. (Maspha, 
Mizbeh), a town of Judah, Judaea, 20 m. 
s. of Jerusalem. The dwelling-place of 
Samuel. III. of Gad. Tha t«8As8a!» tR. 



MIS 



230 



MOL 



Jephtiia. rV. of Moab. The refloat of 
David's parents. 

MiSTHEA, a town of Lycaonia, bet. Lystra 
andVasata. 

Misns Am a r. of Umbria, falling into the 
sea at Seno Gallia. 

MiTHRiDATis regioi a district of Sannatia 
As., on the Rha, above the Melanchlseni. 

MiTHRiDATiUM, a town of the Trocmi, 
Cralatia, on the borders of Pontos, and 
within the limits of that kingdom, until dis- 
membered from it by Pompey. 

MiTiBi, a people of Sarmatia As., on Var- 
danes fl., R. 

MiTTLENB (Mytilene), capital of Lesbos ins., 
on the B. coast, over against Attalia. Named 
from Mitylene, daughter of Maoareus. 
The birth-place of Sappho, of Alcsens, of 
M3n^ilus, of Hellanicus, and of Theopha- 
nes. Under Rome a free dty. A colonia 
of Trajan. Noted for its wine, the beauty 
of its women, and for its shell fish. 
Metelin, 

HiTYS fl., a r. of Pieria, Macedonia, falling 
into the Haliacmon below ^Eane. 

MiZAOus, Galat., i. q. Minizus. 

Mizi, the people of Masora, Arabise. 

Mizkephoth-Maim, i. q. Sarepta. 

Mnastrium prom., the s. extremity of 
Rhodus ins. C. Tranquillo. 

Mnemium prom., the termination of Isius 
m., on the Red sea, opposite Zaaram, in 
Arabia. Cape Cahnea, 

Mnemosyne fons, a saored spring of Boeotia, 
rising dose to Lethe fons, and forming with 
it the river Hercyne. 

MocATA, a town of Bithynia, towards He- 
raclea. 

MoAB m., a ridge of Abarim m., separating 
Moabitis from Idumaea. 

MoABiTis (Moab), a district of Arabia Pe- 
tnea, bounded w. by Ammonitis at Amon 
fl., s. by Sared fl., e. by Abarim m., w. by 
tbe Dead sea. Named from Moab, son of 
Lot, whose descendants wrested it from 
the Endm, a race of giants. 

Moccalesii, the people of Moccle, Phrygia. 

Moccle (Molpe, Molte), a town of Phrygia 
Epict., on the borders of Bithynia. 

Mocissus, a town of Morimene, Galatia, on 
Halys fl. above Nyssa. Mochiour, 

MoDiA, a town of Colchis^ 8. of Cytssa. 

MoDiANA, i. q. Midian. 

MoDiciA, a town of the Insubres, in GaUia 
Transpadana, l2 m. n.e. from Medio- 
lanum. Monxa, 

MoniN (Modim), a village of Judiea, bet. 
Lydda n.w. aad Emaus s.b. Here was 
the sepulchre of the Maccabees. 

MoDius fl., a r. of Pontus, towards Petnu 



2ifoDOCJt, a people of Sarmatia Asiat., s. of 
the ScjTthse Regii. 

MoDOOALiNOiB, 1. q. Maococalingc. 

MoDOOALLA, a town of Ariarica, Ind., 8.w. 
of Sarimagula. ModguiL 

MoDOLANA, a town of Mauritania Cesar., 
bet. BersEOO and Caput Budelli, w. of 
Cirta. 

Modomastice, a district of Carmania, ooea- 
pylng its N.E. angle. 

Modonus (Modnunnus) fl., a r. of Hibemia, 
N. of Sacrum prom., separating the Me- 
napii from the Brigantes. Slaney, 

MoDRA, a town of Phrygia Epiotetus. 

MoDUBA, a people of India i. Gangem. 

MoDUTTU, a port of Tiqvrobane, w., bet 
Galiba prom, and Margana. Moladiva* 

MoDURA, capital of Pandionis reg., Ind., e. 
of Cottiara. Madura. 

Mcenus fl., a r. of Grermania Mag., rising 
N.w. of Rhinsiana by a double spring, and 
falling into the Rhine at Mogundacum. 
Maine. 

McBRiTiS, a people of Arabia Felix, s. of 
Macoraba. About Mehkra, 

McBRiDis (Moerios, Myris) lacus, an ait&fi- 
dal lake of Heptanomis, near the Nile, s< 
of Arsinoe-Crocodilopolis. Said, but it 
would seem erroneously, to have been 
constructed by king Moeris. Birket el 
Kom. 

Moisi, a people of Moesia, who coloniied 
Mysia. « 

M(E8iA (Mysia in Europa), a oountry of 
Europe, bounded n. by Dacia, at the Da« 
nube, s. by Macedonia and Thrace, at 
Scordus m. and Hemus m., w. by lUyria, 
at Drinus fl., e. by the Euxine. It was 
divided into Mcesia Superior (w.), and 
Moesia Inferior (e.) by Ciabrus fl. Senrin 
and Bulgaria, 

McBSiA siLVA, a forest of Etruria, conqaend 
from the territory of Veii by Anous Mar- 
dus. It was infested with dormice. Botco 
di Baccano ? 

MooARON, a town of tiie Trocmi, in Galstit, 
bet. Tavium (36) and Daranon. 

MoorriANA (Mogentiana), a town of the 
Amantini, Pannon., bet. Mestriana (30) 
and Vulcum. Szalaber. 

MoooNTiACVM (Magontiacum), capital of 
theVangiones, Germanial., on the Rhine, 
above Bingium* Founded by Dmsus B.C. 
13. Maintz; Mayenee. 

MooRUS (Nigrus) fl., I. a r. of Colchis, frll- 
ing into the Euxine s. of Phasis. II. (Ifl- 
grus), a town of Colchis, at the* moutii of 
Mogrus fl. 

MoLADA (Malatha), a town of Simeon, 
Judiea, s.w. of Arad. 



MOL 



231 



MOR 



MoLABiA, a town of Sardinia, bet. Hafii 
(24) and Ad Medias (12). Mulargia. 

MoLOCis fl., a r. of Boeotia, rising in 
Cithseron m. 

MoLOE, a town of CiHda Trachea. 

MoLOGENi, a people of Scythia 1. Imanm, s. 
of the Ssetiam. 

MoLOBCHi nemns, a grove at Nemea, in 
Argolis, where the Nemean games were 
celebrated. Named after Molorchns, the 
host of Hercnles. 

MoLossi, a tribe of Pelasgi, in Epims, 
named alter Molossus. 

Moi'Ossis, I. a district of Epirus, extending 
along the coast bet. Cassiopeia and Am- 
philochia, and inland along the Arachthns 
fl., towards the source of the Mbm fl. 
Noted for its breed of lai^ dogs. Jan» 
nina, II. (Molossia), a name of Epims, 
from Molossus, son of Pyrrhus I. by An- 
dromache. 

MoLunis, a rock of Megaris, on the s. 
coast, w. of Megara, whence Ino leaped 
into the sea. 

MojLTBonBs, the Greek name of Flnmbia 
ins., Sardinise. 

MoLTCBiA (Molycrium), a town of ^tolia, 
on the coast, w. of Antirrhium. Colo- 
nized by Corinthians. Cavrolimne. 

MoLTNDiEA, a town of Lyda. 

MoMEMPHis (Therenuthis), a town of Lower 
Egypt, on Agathos Dsemon fl., R., bet. 
Nidum and Letoplis. Here Venus was 
worshipped under the form of a heifer. 
Teranek* 

MoNA ins., an isL of the Ordoyices, in Bri- 
tannia II., s. of Monarina ins. The chief 
seat of the British Druids. Anglesey. 

Moi7AB£, a town of Isanria. 

HoNACHA ins., an isl. of India i. Gangem^ 
8. of Comaria prom. 

HoNADBS, an niyrian tribe, whom, with the 
Dardi, loomed found in occupation of a 
portion of Daunia ApuL, about A^nna, 
and whom he destroyed. 

HoNALUS fl., a r. of Sicily, fidling into the 
Tyrrhenian sea, bet. Cephaloedium and 
Alaesa. PolUna. 

HoNAPiA ins., i. q. Monarina. 

MoNABiNA (Monagria, Monadia) ins., an isl. 
of Maxima Csesariensis, 8.B. of NoTan- 
torum prom. The Mona of Csesar. 
Man. 

MoNASTBA, a village of Bith3rnia, near 
Heradeum. 

IffONATE, a town of the Taarisd, Noricnm, 
on Mums fl«, 30 m. from Candalica. 
Oberwohh. 

MoNDXLA, a tcfwn of the Aii, Ind., bet. 
ayiH Modnrla. 



MoNBSi, a people of Norem Populamu 
About Moneins. 

MoNBTiuM, a town of the Japydes^ is 
nijrria. 

MoNiLi A, a maritime town of tiie Apnani, in 
Idguria, on Via Aurelia, bet. Ad SolariA 
(6) and In Apennino (13). Moneglia. 

MoNOOALiNi, a people of Histna. About 
Montana. 

MoNOCANVNON, 8 port of Egypt, 10 m* 8* 
from Alexandria. 

MoNODACHYLus m., B prom. of the Trog^ 
dyts, on the Red sea, above Deornm 
^utaris portus, E.ir.B. of Meroe. Cap^ 
Assiz. 

MoNOOissA, a town of Caria, with a tompla 
of Diana Monogissene. Built by Dsedalus. 

MoNOOLOssA, a town of Larica, near Mo- 
phis fl. Cambay 7 

MoNOLEus lacus, a lake of the Colobi, near 
Ptolemais-Theron. 

MoNosoADA, a town of Germania Magna, 
towards Bergium. 

MoNi^ Balabus, I. a town of Lucania, bet; 

, Polentia and Forum Popilii (5). Pietra 
Fesa, II. Bbisiacus, a town of the Tri* 
bocd, Germania I., on the Rhine, above 
Argentoratum. Breisach. III. Mabia- 
Nus, a town of the Turtuli, Bsetica, nil* 
der Marianus m., n. of Laelia. IV. Sacbb, 
hills of Sabininm, on Anis fl., near its 
junction with the Tiber, and extending 
along the latter river to Crustumennnu 
Celebrated as the spot whither the Roman 
commons were accustomed to retire from 
the oppression of the nobles. V. Sanc- 
Tus, i. q. Teohes m. YI. Selbucvs^ b 
town of the Vocontii, Narbonensis, bet. 
Yapincum n.e. and Theopolis s.s.w. VII. 
SiLicis (Ilids), a town of the Veneti,. in 
Venetia, under a cognominal m., a. ai 
Patavium. MonseHee. 

Montefebbbbum, a town of Umbiia, 2 nu 
B. from Sarsina. Montqfeliro ; San 
Leo, 

MoPH, the Scriptural name of Memphis. 

MoPHis fl., a r. of India i. Gangem, frlHng 
into Barygazenus sin. Mhye; MaJa. 

MopsiuM, a town of Pelasgiotis, in Thenalj, 
8.B. of Larissa. Bremo. 

MopsoFiA, I. an early name of Attica, from 
the hero Mopsopus or Mopsops. XL a 
name of Pamphylia,- from the soothsayor 
Mopsus. 

MopsucBENB, a district of Cilida, v. 

MoPsvESTiA, postea Mamista, a town of 
Cilida Campestris, on Pyramus fl., above 
Mallus. Founded by l|£)psus ihe sooth- 
sayer. Under Rome a See dty. Mesrit, 

MoBA, I. a town of Conaoay. undar Axam 



MOR 



232 



MOT 



m,, E. of Urcinimn. II. of Numidia, bet. 
Vasampus and Thebeste. 
HoRBiUM, a maritime town of the Bri- 
gantes, Brit., at the s. entrance of Ituna 
eestuar.y below Virosidum. 
MoKDULAy a port of Taprobane, n., bet. 
Frocuri and Aburatha. 

MoRDULiy a people of Taprobane, on the e. 
coast, bet. the Tarachi and the Bocani. 

HoREH {** high oak''), a grove of oaks near 
Shechem. 

MoRENE, a district of Mysia, towards Abret- 
tene. 

MoRGES, an early name of a portion of 
(Enotria. 

MoRGiNNUM, a town of the Allobroges, 
Yiennensis, bet. Taredonum, n.w., and 
Cularo. 

MoRiAH m., a hill at Jerusalem, on which 
the Temple was built. 

MoRiCAMBE sestnar., an aestuary of Britain, 
s. of Setantiorum portus, bet. Longoricum 
and Morbimxi. Morcambe Bay. 

MoRiDUNUM, a town of the Damnonii, Brit., 
on the coast, n.e. of Ad Purium. Seaion. 

MoRiMARUSA mare {** Dead sea''), the por- 
tion of Borealis oceanus w. of Rubeas 
prom. 

Morimene (Muriana), a prefecture of Cap- 
padoda, on the confines of Galatia. Kir- 
cher. 

MorYni, a people of Belgica II., on the sea- 
coast, bet. the Ambiani and Nervii, n.w. 
of the Atrebates. Part of Pat de Calais, 

MoRius fl., a r. of Boeotia, rising in Thu- 
rium m., and falling into Cephissus 11. 

Moron, a town of the Vettones, on the 
Tagus, s.w. of Norba Csesarea. Mont- 
alvao. 

MoRONTOBARA. Vide Portus Mulierum. 

MoROSGi, a town of the Varduli, Tarraco- 
nensis, on the coast. 

MoRU, a town of Meroe, on the Nile, L., 
bet. Satachta and Nakis. Near Koraigh. 

MoRTuuM mare, Palestinse, i. q. Asphaltitis 
lacus. 

MoRUNDA, a town of Atropatene, Mesopot., 
s. of Rubena. Marand, 

MoRUif lac., a salt lake of Lycia, on the 
coast bet. Sacrum prom, and Crambusa. 

MoRYLLUs, a town of Anthemus, in Mace- 
donia, s.E. of Thessalonica. 

MosA, I. a r. of Germania II., rising s. 
of Andematunum, and falling into the 
Rhine below Grumes. Meuse. II. a town 
of the Ldngones, Lugdunensis I., n.e. of 
Andematunum. III. of the Remi, Bel- 
gica II., on ^m Mosa, R., bet. Vungo 
Ticus s.w. an(0!poissum. 

MoSiSus fl.y a r. of Susiana, falling into Per- 



dcus sin. bet. the Eulaeus and the Ti- 
gris. 

MosoHA portus, a port of Arabia Felix, on 
SachaUtes sin., bet. Tretus portus and 
Syagrium prom. Keeem, 

MoscHi, a people of Colchis and Iberia, 
about Moschid m. Moskethi. 

MoscHici (Mesech) m., a n.e. extension of 
Paryadres m., on the n.w. border of Ar- 
menia Inf., in Iberia. MeHdji-Dagh, 

MoscHius il., a r. of Moesia, felling into the 
Danube at Tricomium. 

Mosoonnum, a town of the Tarbelli, Noyem 
Populana, bet. Aquae Tarbellicse, 8.e. and 
Segosa N. 

MosDORANus m., mountains of Asia, sepa- 
rating Aria from Parthia. 

MosEGA, a town of Albania, on Albanus fl., 
towards its source. 

MosEROTH (Mosera), a village of Idumaea, 
S.E. of Kades Bamea. Here the Israelites 
encamped. 

MosoN, a town of Paphlagonia, w. of An- 
drapa. 

MosiLEA fl., a r. of Gaul, rising s.w. of 
Argentovaria, and falling into the Rhine 
at Confluentes. 

MossiNE, i. q. Mostene. 

MosTENE, a town of Hyrcanius campus, in 
Lydia. Noted for its nuts. 

MosTEviA, a town of the Damnonii, Brit, 
near HercuUs prom. 

MosYCHLUS m., a volcanic m. of Lemnos 
ins. 

MosYLicuM prom., a pr. of Ethiopia, on 
Erythrseum mare, e. of Munda. 

MosYLUM, a port of Ethiopia, at Mosy- 
Ucum prom. A dnnamon emporium. 

MosYNA, a town of Phrygia, n. of Lao- 
dicea. 

MosYNCECiA (** dwellers in mosuni, wooden 
towers"), the cpuntry of the Mosynoed, in 
Pontus, on the coast, bet. the Tibareni and 
the Drilae. Singular for a custom of starv- 
ing their king into good order. Heldir. 

MoTENE, Armen. Maj., i. q. Otene. 

MuNiCHiATis, a town of the Nabathsei, 
Arabia, e. of Petra. Maan, 

MoTHO (" place of death"), a village of 
Arabia. The death-place of Antigonm 
the Macedonian. 

MoTYA (Motye), a maritime town of Sidly, 
w., on an island, joined to the munland 
by a causeway 6 furlongs in length, bet 
Drepanum and ^githaUus. The oldest 
Fhoenidan settlement in the island. Re- 
markable for the beauty of its architecture. 
The inhabitants were removed by Himilco 
to Lilybseum. 

MoTYCANUs fl., a r. of Sicily, fieOling into 



MOT 



233 



MUS 



Africum pelagus w. of Odysseum prom. 
Sicali. 

HoTYCE (Motuca), a town of Sidly, near 
the source of Motycanns fl. Modica, 

HoTYUM, a fortress of Sicily, near Agri- 
gentum. 

MouRGiscEy a town of the Cicones, in 
Thrace, near Hebms fl. 

MoxiANi, a tribe of Phrygians towards 
PeltsB. 

MoxcBNE, a district of Assyria, on the con- 
fines of Chiliocome. 

MucAPORTS sinus, an inlet of Bosporus 
Thradus, in Bithynia, n. of Amycus. 

MucHiRESis, a district of Colchis, on Phasis 
and Rheion ffl. 

MucRJE, a town of the Pentri, in Samnium, 
s. of Sepinum. Morcone. 

MuGiLONEs, a tribe of Semnones, about 
Semnon lacus. 

MuHARUR, a maritime town of Numidia, 
bet. Tacatria and Zaca. 

MuLiADus fl., Tarraconensis, i. q. Monda. 

MuLiERUM portus, Morontobara, a port of 
India i. Gkingem, bet. Salaca and Arabis 
fl. Sonmany, 

MuLUCHA (Molochath), I. a r. of Mauri- 
tania Ting., rising in Atlas Maj., and fall- 
ing into the Mediterranean e. of Meta- 
gonitis prom. It separates Mauritania 
Tlngitana from Mauritania Csesariensis. 
Mulivia ; Mohalon, II. a town of Mauri- 
tania Tingit., on Mulucha fl. Of uncer- 
tain position. 

MuMASTus, a town of Caria. 

MuNDA (Monda, Muliadus) fl., ar. of Lusi- 
tania, rising near Lancia Oppidana, and 
falling into the Atlantic midway bet. the 
Tagus and the Durius. Mondego. 

MuNDA, I. a town of the Carpetani, Tarra- 
conensis, bet. Alee w.s.w. and Patemiana 
N.E. II. of the Turtetani, Bsetica, bet. 
Certima n.e. and Salduba s.w. Me- 
morable for the battle bet. Csesar and the 
sons of Pompey. Monda. 

MuNDU ins., I. an isl. of iBthiopia, in 
Erythrseum mare, w. of Mosylicum prom., 
opposite Arabise Felids Emp. II. (Mundi 
Emporium), a port of Ethiopia, on 
Mundu ins. Mete. 

MuNiciPiuM, a town of the Triballi, Moes., 
on Margus fl., R., bet. Ad Novas and 
Jovis pagus, 16 m. s. from Vimina- 
eium. 

MuNiMENTUM SuETONii, a fortress of Mau- 
ritania Ting., on Mulucha fl., L., towards 
its source. 

MuNirnTM, a town of the Bructeri Maj., 
Germ., n. of Aliso. Near Bielrfeld. 

MuNTCHiA portusy a fortified harbour of 



Attica, constituting, with Piraeus and Pha- 
lerum, the port of Athens. With a temple 
of Diana Munychia, built by Munichus of 
Orchomene. Stratiohi. 

MuRANiMAL, a town of the Calingii, Arabise, 
towards Capeus sin. Al Borani. 

MuRANUM, a town of Lucania, bet. In- 
teramnia and Aprustum. Castro Villari. 

MuRATiuM, a town of the Ambrones, Maxima 
Sequanorum, bet. Petemsca n.e. and Aven- 
ticum s.w. 

MuRBOGii, i. q. Turmodigi, Curgonii. 

MuREOLA, a town of Pannonia Sup., on 
Mums fl., R., above Ad Vicesimum, n.w. 
of Poetovium 

MuRGANTiA (Murtantia), I. a town of Sam- 
nium. Baselice. II. (Murgantium, Mor- 
gantia, Morgantium), a town of Sicily, on 
Simsethus fl., R., towards its mouth. 

MuRGiLLUM. Vide Mursa. 

MuRGis (Murgi, postea Almerja), a mari- 
time town of the Bastuli, Baetica, bet. Ab- 
dera w. and Turaniana n. Almeria. 

MuRocENATA, a towu of Paunouia Inf., 
1 00 m. from Brigetium. The residence 
of the empress Justina and Valentinianus 
her son. 

MuROELA, a town of Pannonia Sup., on 
Murus fl. Murech ? 

MuRRA, a town of the Chsetuari, Germ., on 
Niter fl., R., below Clarenna. 

MuRSiA (Mursa), a town of Pannonia 
Inf., on Dravus fl., bet. Mursella (10) 
and Teutoburgium. A colonia of Ha- 
drian. Eszeg. 

Mursella, a town of Pannonia Inf., bet. 
Mursa (10) and Jovallium. Peirowicz. 

Murus, I. a town of the Oretani, Tarraco- 
nensis, 27 m. N.w. of Laminium. Near it 
the Anas, having run some way under 
ground, reappears. Mortales. II. of the 
Venonetes, in Gallia Transp., bet. Tinetio 
(15) and Summus lac. (20). III. fl., a r. 
of Pannonia Sup., rising in Noricum, and 
falling into Dravus fl. at Carrhodunum. 

MuRzuPALE, a town of Ariaca Ind., n.£. of 
Aramagara. 

MusA, pritis Mesa, a port of the Homeritse, 
Arabia Felix, on the Red sea, towards its 
mouth. Moosa. 

MusjE, a town of Heptanomis, on the Nile, 
R., bet. Alyi and Cynopolis. 

MusAGORJS ins., three islets of Crete, off 
Criumetopon prom. 

Musarna, capital of the Musiransei, Gedros.^ 
under Bsetius m., n.w. of Cottobara. 

Musarna, a port of Gedrosia, bet. Badara 
and Cissa. Sucedur. 

MusEiuM, a place in Macedonia, near 
Olympus m. 



MU8 



284 



MYO 



Musi&ANAiy ft people of Gedroeda, on the 
confines of Arachosifty above Pardene. 

Musis fl., a r. of Armenia Inf., rising in 
Scordisces m., and fUling into the Araxes 
w. of Artagenu Arpaau. 

HusLUBiUM, a maritime town of Mauri- 
tania Caesar., bet. Salde and Choba. 

MusoNES, a people of Mauritania Caesar., 
under Buzara m., s.w. 

MusTi, a town of Zengitana, on Bagradas 
fl., R., bet. Thada (7) and Tisnica (13). 
The place where R^ulus killed the great 
serpent. 

MusTiLiA, a town of dlida prefect, in 
Cappadocia. 

MusuLA, a town of the Macae, in Africa 
Prop., 8. of Auzui. 

MuTBNUM, a town of the Boii, Pannon., 
bet. Scarabantia (12) and Vindobona (22). 
Eisenatadt, 

MuTHA, a town of Mauritania Tingit., at 
tiie mouth of Mulucha fl. 

MuTHis, a town of Thebais, on the Nile, 
R., bet. Isium and Antaeopolis (8). 

MuTHUL, a town of Numidia, on Bagradas 
fl., R., bet. Ad Medera and Orba. 

MuTiLA, a town of Histria, on Flanaticus 
sin., N.E. of Polaticnm prom. Medolino, 

MuTiNA, a town of Gallia Cispad., bet. Pons 
Secies (5) and Victuriolae (3), on Via 
Emilia Lepida. A colonia (151 b.c.) and 
munidpium. Noted for its wool; and 
memorable for its siege by Mark Antony 
45 B.C. Modena. 

MuziRiTis, a maritime town of limyrica, 
Ind., bet. Callicorias prom. (5 geog. m.) 
and Pseudostoma fl. Mirdschno, 

Mr A ins., an isl. of Caria, in Ceramicus sin. 

Mtanda (Myas, Mandane), a maritime town 
of Cilida Trachea, 7 stadia w. from Posi- 
dium prom. 

Mycali m., a w. ridge of Tmolus m., in 
Ionia, parallel with Maeander fl., termi- 
nating in Trogilium prom. Samsoun. 

Mtcalessus, a town of Boeotia, bet. Harma 
and Aulis. 

Mycenjb, I. a dty of Argolis, and formerly, in 
the time of Agammemon, its cap., bet. Argos 
(6 1) and Cleonse. Named after Mycene, 
daughter of Inachus. Established as a 
kingdom by Perseus, 1313 b.c. ; destroyed 
by Argives 468 b.c. Nearly extinct in 
Strabo's time. It was famed for its breed 
of horses. Krabata. II. a town of Crete, 
founded by Agamemmon. 

Mf CHOS portus, the port of Bulis, in Phods, 
E. of Pharygium prom. Hagios Lukas, 

Myconius m., a n.e. continuation of Taurus 
m., in Sidly, above Tauromenium. 

Myconus ins., an isL in the .^goan, one of 



the Cydades, bet. Tenos and Naxos. Be- 
neath it the last of the centaurs, slain by 
Hercules, was buried. The people were 
noted for baldness. Myconi. 

Myodonbs, a tribe of Thradans, oontigaoos 
to the Bryges or Briges, in Thrace, towards 
Bermius m. 

Mygdonia, I. adistrictof Macedonia, bounded 
on the N. by Paeonia, on the s. by Chald- 
dice, on the w. by Emathia and Bottiea, 
on the B. by Thrace. II. a region of Meso- 
potamia, N.E., on Mygdonius fi., b. of Os- 
rhoene. Dyar-rabMi. 

Mygdonius fl., a r. of Mesopotamia, rising 
in Masius m., n.e. of Nisibis, and ftUing 
into Chaboras fl. at Thubida. Nahr al 
Hauali, 

Mygdune, i. q. Midaeum. 

Myla fl., a r. of Sicily, falling into Sieohim 
mare bet. Alabon fl. and Tbapsus* Mtt- 
cellino ? San Gnliano ? 

Mylje, I. an isL on the w. coast of 
Crete, over against Phalasama. Sordi or 
Pelatidi. II. a maritime village of Cilida 
Trachea, on a peninsula n.b. of Nesolhun. 
Aghaliman, III. a town of Perrfasebia, in 
Thessaly. IV. a maritime dty of Sidly N., 
on a cognominal peninsula, bet. Artemisium 
and T]^dari8. A Zandean colony. Jfi?- 
lazzo, 

Mylantia prom., a pr. of Rhodus ins., s. of 
Camirus. C. Candura, 

Mylaon fl., I. a r. of Arcadia, iiAi% in 
Thesoa reg., and falling into Alpheut fl. 
II. of Ar(»dia, near Methydrium, fidling 
into GortyniuB fl. 
^Mylas fl., a r. of Sidly, fisUing into tliB sea 
at Mylse. Mela, 

Mylasa, a dty of Caria, and at one tfane its 
capitaL Here was a celebrated temple of 
Jupiter Carius. The birth-place of the 
orators Euthydemus and Hybreas. Jftf- 
lasso. 

Myndus (Ne^olis), a port of Caria, on 
Jassicus sin., w. of Caryanda, 56 m. s. 
from Miletus. A colony from Palmnjiu 
dus. Ridiculed for its enormoiis gates. 
MenlesJia, 

Myon, a town of the Locri Ozolse, on the 
confines of Phods, bet. Chaleon and Am- 
phissa (4 m.). 

Myonnesus, I. one of the Pisistralidtt 
ins. of Ionia. II. an island of The9Mily> 
at the w. entrance of Pagasasns sin. 
Argyro. III. a town of Ionia, on a oog- 
nominal prom., s. of Teos, of whidi it was 
a dependency. For a time the abode of 
the comedians expelled fbom Teos. HytUi' 
Bounos, 

MYos-HOBMoa (Aphrodits, Portu YmmiiHt 



MTR 



235 



MYU 



'' port of the mouse," a port of Thebais, 
on the Red sea, bet. Arsiiioe and Philo- 
tera. Named fit>m the intricacy of its 
entrance. 8¥ffange al Bahri, 

Htba, one of the six cities of Lyda, on An- 
driacos fl., 2} m. from its mouth. 

Mtr^, a town of Magnesia, in Thessaly, on 
the cQast, bet. Peneos fl. and Emymna?. 

Mtrcinus, a town of the Edones, in Thrace, 
on Strymon fl*. Rich in timber and in 
mines. It was granted by Darius to 
Histiaeus of Miletus. Cleon the Athenian 
was kil